1、熟悉四类图表的英文名称：表格（table）、条形图（bar chart）、曲线图（graph）和饼形分析图（pie chart）。此外，“如图所示”是写这类作文中的一个常用短语，它的表达方式有以下几种：
⑴As the chart shows, …
⑵According to the chart, …
⑶As is seen from the chart, …
⑷As we can see from the chart, …
2、在表达时，可以对具体的数据进行一些处理，用另外一种表达方式来代替，避免一篇小短文中出现过多的数据或者相同的句型结构，如：一次有关阅读兴趣调查结果是：50%的学生喜欢新闻；25%的学生喜欢故事；14%的学生喜欢幽默；11%的学生喜欢推理小说。(Half of the students love news. A quarter of them are fond of stories. 14% enjoy humor. The rest prefer to read mystery books.)
3、“…的数目或数量”的表达方式有两种：可数名次用the number of …；不可数名次用the amount of …。数量的多和少不能说成many和few，而用large和small.
⑴The number of the students is large.（学生的人数很多。）
⑵The amount of food is very small.（食物的数量很少。）
⑴rise/increase/go up/jump to/grow（上升）；
⑸The price has grown by 3%.（价格已经上升了3%）
⑹The number of visitors has risen from 100 to 500.（访客的人数从100上升至200了。）
⑺Over the years, the income of the family has remained the same.（近几年这个家庭的收入保持不变。）
⑴The bill comes to $25.（账单总共25英镑）
⑵These numbers add up to 100. （这些数目合计为100。）
⑶All the expenses amount to 11,000 yuan.（所有的开支总共达到11,000元。）
⑵He is 2 centimeters taller than I.（他比我要高2厘米。）
⑶The room is twice the size of that one.（这个房间的面积是那个的两倍。）
⑷Now the total number of Chinese Christians is 14 times as many as in 1949.（现在中国的基督教徒总人数是1949年的14倍。）
⑸The number of students who enjoy reading English news doubles that of those who prefer reading stories.（喜欢读英语新闻的学生人数是喜欢阅读故事的学生人数的两倍。）
1. As can be seen from the chart/graph/table...
2. It can be seen from the statistics that...
3. As revealed/shown/stated/noted in the picture...
4. The chart gives information that...
1. There was a rise/increase/upward trend from...to...
2. It has risen to an average of...
3. There was a fall/decrease/rection/decline/drop/downward trend from...to...
4. It has fallen/dropped/declined to...
1. From the analyses above,we can draw the conclusion that...
2. From the data we gatherde from the above graph,we can conclude that...
3. According to the information gathered above,we may reach the conclusion that...
4. According to what has been discussed above,we can arrive at the conclusion that...
5. The graph reflects that...
As is shown by the figure inthetable(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作文题目的议题_____ has been steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.(结论)
Thereareatleasttwogoodreasons （accounting） for ______. Ontheonehand, ________. Ontheotherhand,_______ isetothefactthat ________.Inaddition, ________ isresponsiblefor _______. ________. convincing.
AsfarasIamconcerned,I hold the view that _______. 。。。原因
The 2010 Spring Festival Gala has set records for TV commercial rates, which accordingly has caused heated discussions e to proct placement in the programs.
As the pie chart shows, the majority of the respondents are against the proct placement while only 35% are supporters.
⑴如图所示：According to the pie chart; As is seen from the chart; It is illustrated in the chart that…; As is suggested from the chart.
⑵被调查者：the people surveyed; the respondents; the people involved in the survey; those who responded to the survey.
⑶反对：disapprove of; disagree with; be against; be opposed to; oppose; hold negative attitudes towards; think little of.
⑷赞成：support; be for; be in favor of; approve of; agree; think much of
15% of the people surveyed think the practice is reasonable because holding such big events costs a lot. CCTV needs to make good use of the opportunity to earn enough money to finance its operation and development.
⑴ 15% of them think it is acceptable for CCTV to make profits from the proct placement, which is of great benefit to the development of the TV station.
⑵15% of them hold the view that the practice satisfies the needs of CCTV’s development and can enable it to hold a better gala next year.
⑶13% of them argue that the profit made from the proct placement can benefit CCTV’s future development.
One-fifth of them don’t feel annoyed at the proct placement and even regard it as an natural part of the programs.
⑴The way commercials are included is very natural.
⑵they feel comfortable with the proct placement
⑶the proct placement appears in the progroms naturally.
⑷The commercials are involved in the programs in a natural way
Almost one third of the respondents complain that the irrelevant proct placement makes the programs strange and ridiculous.
⑴have nothing to do with…
⑵be related to …
⑶be linked with …
Proct placement appears so frequently in the program that a quarter of the people surveyed feel rather disturbed.
⑴feel annoyed at too many commercials
The rest 10% argues that the practice has greatly damaged CCTV’s image as the most important media in China because it’s the main channel for the general public to get information and entertainment.
⑴Great harm has been done to the image of CCTV
⑵The good image of CCTV will be greatly affected
Personally, proct placement in right amounts are acceptable if it doesn’t spoil the fun and art of the programs. Whatever CCTV does, it should take the audience’s feelings into consideration
图表作文至少包含描述图表与解释原因两个部分，而当前的图表作文大多还有第三个段落。图表作文的规律性很强，不像图画式作文那样富于变化。1．首段的写作图表作文有表格（table）、柱形图（bar chart）、饼状图（pie chart）和折线图（diagram）之分，后三种都属于图表的范畴（chart）。不管是chart还是table，都需要进行描述，一般放在文章的第一部分，长度宜适中。描述数据我们要首先看看是几个变量（A），每个变量有几个数据（B），不妨以A*B表示。如果只有一个变量，有三个数据，可以描述如下：From the chart we can see clearly that the average number of hours a student spends on Internet per week has increased from less than two hours in 1998 to nearly four hours in 2000, and then to 20 hours in 2004. 如果是最常见的是2*3的情形，可以描述如下：From the chart, we can see clearly that in a big city in China, state
例：Title: Changes in people's diet
Outline:1. State the changes in people's diet in the past five years.
2. Give possible reasons for the changes.
3. Draw your own conclusions.
Study the following table carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table. You should quote as few figures as possible.
Food 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Grain 53% 47% 42.5% 40% 34%
Milk 10% 11% 11% 12% 13%
Meat 17% 20% 22.5% 23% 26%
(Fruit 20% 22% 24% 25% 27%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
In the past five years, there have been remarkable changes in people’s diet. According to the figures given in the table, grain, which used to be the main food for most of the Chinese people, has now become less important. By contrast, the consumption of milk and meat has considerably increased, accounting for 13% and 26% of the total respectively in 2001. In the same way, the demand for fruit and vegetables has been on the rise.
What caused these changes? I think there are at least two reasons. In the first place, with the implementation of the reform and opening-up policy, great changes have taken place in all the branches of our national economy. The rapid growth in instrial and agricultural proction has inevitably brought about a sharp rise in living standard. People now can afford a diet higher in protein and lower in carbon-hydrates. That is why the consumption of milk and meat has remarkably increased in the city and in the country. Secondly, more attention is now paid to the balanced diet, which is necessary for good health. As a consequence, vegetables and fruit that are rich in vitamins have been in ever-rising demand.
In conclusion, with the change in people’s diet the consumption of fruit, vegetables, milk and meat will graally increase, while that of grain will continue to decline.
The above chart/table shows/denotes (揭示含义)/As can be seen in the above chart/table, (揭示含义).
The reasons may go as follows. First, (原因一). Second, (原因二). Third, (原因三回).
The figures given in the chart/table indicate that (趋势/前景)/From the chart/table, we can come to the conclusion that (结论答).
As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage inthetable(graph/picture/pie/chart), _作文题目的议题_has been on the rise/ decrease (goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from_图表中数字_ in _时间_ to __图表中数字_ in _时间__. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.
Thereareatleasttwogoodreasons accounting for ____. Ontheonehand, _____. Ontheotherhand,___ isetothefactthat ____.Inaddition, ____ isresponsiblefor ____. ____. convincing.
AsfarasIamconcerned,I hold the point of view that _______. -grounded.