It is + adj+to +things
The reason that...
Doing something, sb ...
One of ... is...
Not only...but also...
Many people beliee that...Whereas firmly contend that...By looking at (examples), we can conclude that...
...is a perfect example of the importance of...
...shows that...We should encourage...
1)There are three reasons for this.
2)The reasons for this are as follows.
3)The reason for this is obvious.
4)The reason for this is not far to seek.
5)The reason for this is that...
6)We have good reason to believe that...
There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly，people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly，most people are well paid， and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least，more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.
注：如考生写第一个句子没有把握，可将其改写成两个句子。如：Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。
1)It has the following advantages.
2)It does us a lot of good.
3)It benefits us quite a lot.
4)It is beneficial to us.
5)It is of great benefit to us.
Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better，and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore，reading extensively is of great benefit to us.
1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.
2)It does us much harm.
3)It is harmfulto us.
However，everything dividesinto two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi- sion.
1)It is important(necessary，difficult，convenient， possible)for sb.to do sth.
2)We think it necessary to do sth.
3)It plays an important role in our life.
Computers are now being used everywhere，whether in the government，in schools or in business.Soon， computers will be found in every home，too.We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.
1)We should take some effective measures.
2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.
3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.
4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.
The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore，we must take some effective measures to solve it.
1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.
2)A great change will certainly be proced in the world’s communications.
3)The computer has brought about many changes in ecation.
Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays，more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein，and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.
1)We cannot ignore the fact that...
2)No one can deny the fact that...
3)There is no denying the fact that...
4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.
5)However，that’s not the case.
We cannot ignore the fact that instrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems， we can start by ecating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.
1)Compared with A，B...
2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.
3)There is a striking contrast between them.
Compared with cars，bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly，they do not consume natural resources of petroleum.Secondly，they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least，they contribute to people’s health by giving them e physical exercise.
1)It has increased(decreased)from...to...
2)The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800，000.
3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.
With the improvement of the living standard，the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on ecation has increased.
From the graph listed above，itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.
注：“From the graph listed above，it can be seen that”见句式12。考生将句式9和句式12结合在一起，便可较好地写出2002年6月CET -4、6短文写作的第一段。
1)People have(take，adopt，assume)different attitudes towards sth.
2)People have different opinions on this problem.
3)People take different views of(on)the question.
4)Some people believe that...Others argue that...
People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.
Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However， others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.
Do“lucky numbers?really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it.
1)In short，it can be said that ...
2)It may be briefly summed up as follows.
3)From what has been mentioned above，we can come to the conclusion that ...
From what has been mentioned above，we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary，however， its method should be improved.
1)It’s well known to us that ...
2)As is known to us，...
3)This is a topic that is being widely talked about.
4)From the graph(table，chart)listed above，it can be seen that ...
5)As aproverb says，“Where there is a will，there is a way.?
As is well known to us，it is important for the students to know the world outside campus.
The reason for this is obvious.Nowadays，the society is changing and developing rapidly，and the campus is no longer an“ivory tower?.As college students，we must get in touch with the world outside the campus.Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graate.
Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.
lost time is never found again 岁月既往，一去不回
failure is mother of success 失败是成功之母
1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言
2.It goes without saying that… 不言而喻，…
3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以肯定地说……
4.As the proverb says， 正如谚语所说的，
5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到，…
6.It's generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…
7.It's likely that … 这可能是因为…
8.It's hardly that… 这是很难的……
9.It's hardly too much to say that… 它几乎没有太多的说…
10.What calls for special attention is that…需要特别注意的是
11.There's no denying the fact that…毫无疑问，无可否认
12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有什么比这更重要的是…
13.what's far more important is that… 更重要的是…
1.A case in point is … 一个典型的例子是…
2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…
3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述
4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单，所以……
5.But it's a pity that… 但遗憾的是…
6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……
7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外，我们坚持认为，…
8.However , the difficulty lies in…然而，困难在于…
9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样，我们要注意…
11.In view of the present station.鉴于目前形势
12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所提到的…
13.In this respect, we may as well （say） 从这个角度上我们可以说
14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is… 然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面，即 …
1.I will conclude by saying… 最后我要说…
2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因此，我们有理由相信…
3.All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that…它可以有把握地说……
4.Therefore, in my opinion, it's more advisable…因此，在我看来，更可取的是…
5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…通过以上讨论，我们可以得出结论…
6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…通过数据我们得到的结论是，…
7.It can be concluded from the discussion that…从中我们可以得出这样的结论
8.From my point of view, it would be better if…在我看来……也许更好
1.Let's take…to illustrate this.
2.let's take the above chart as an example to illustrate this.
3.Here is one more example.
Nothing in the word can delight me so much as +doing [在这个世界上没有比XX更令我高兴的了】
In dealing of life ,one cannot but admit that +句子【大概意思就内是 ，在生活中，每容个人都不能不承认XXX】
There's no doubt that +句子【毫无疑问。。。】
If I were XX, I would xxx[如果我是XX，我会XX。虚拟语态】
the +比较级，the +比较级 【越。。越。。】
1．Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages．
2．Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages．
3．Compared with cars，bikes have their advantages and disadvantages．
1．Although computers bring people a lot of convenience，they have many disadvantages．
2．．．．has many advantages．For example，．．．However，just as every coin has two sides，．．．has its disadvantages．（本例将利弊分开讲，转折过渡自然。just as every coin has two sides也很值得背诵。）
II．．．．play（s）an important role ／part in．．．……在……中扮演重要角色／起重要作用。例如：
1．Computers play an important role in science and technology．
2．Computers play a more and more important role in our
Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies．
3．Ecation plays an important part in developing our mind．
4．Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness．
1．Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life．
2．In the past，letters played a decisive role in long-distance communication．But now ，telephone，email，fax have taken their place．
III．With the development of．．．，随着……的发展，例如：
1．With the development of our economy，m any Chinese families can afford a car．
2．With the development of our economy and society，pollution is more and more serious．
3．With the rapid development of science and technology，people can get a college degree by taking online-courses at home．
4．With the current social and technological developments，employees with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed．
1．With the rapid increase of China's population，housing problem is becoming more and more serious．
2．With more and more women entering society，people's attitude towards women is changing．
3．With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up，an increasing number of Chinese
families can afford a car．
随着中国改革开放的深入，越来越多的中国家庭买得起车了。（“越来越多”除了常用的more and more外，还可以用an increasing number of， a growing number of，a significant number of，a great number of等来表达。）
IV．When it comes to．．．，some people think ／believe that．．．，others argue ／claim that opposite ／reverse is true．There is probably some truth in both arguments ／statements，but．．．当说到……，有些人认为……，但另一些人则持相反的观点……。这两种观点可能都有点道理，但……。
本结构先用when it comes to ．．．引出话题，再用some．．．others ．．．这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的观点，然后说There is some truth in both．．．表明严谨公正的态度，最后用but．．．很自然地引出了自己的论点。请看下面这个例子：
TV，a good thing or bad thing
When it comes to TV，some people believe that it is extremely valuable，as it provides relaxation， entertainment and ecation． Others argue that it is harmful for it begins to control our lives and deprives people of time to do other activities．There is probably some truth in both sides．But we must realize that television itself is neither good or bad．It is the uses to which it is put that determines its value to society．
英语议论文多以简要总结全文或对所讨论的问题提出解决办法来结尾。总结全文时除常用到in one ／a word，generally speaking等外，没有固定模式。提出解决办法时却常使用下一句型。
V．．．．take measures to do sth．例如：
1．We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the world．
2．We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from cheating on exams．
3．The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse．
4．Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying out further attacks．
1.As far as ...is concerned
2.It goes without saying that...
3.It can be said with certainty that...
4.As the proverb says
5.It has to be noticed that...
6.It`s generally recognized that...
7.It`s likely that
8.It`s hardly that...
It’s hardly too much to say that...
What calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是
There’s no denying the fact that...毫无疑问，无可否认
Nothing is more important than the fact that...
what’s far more important is that...
A case in point is ...
As is often the case...
As stated in the previous paragraph如前段所述
But the problem is not so simple. Therefore然而问题并非如此简单，所以……
But it’s a pity that...
For all that...In spite of the fact that...
Further, we hold opinion that...
However , the difficult lies in...
Similarly, we should pay attention to...
In view of the present station.鉴于目前形势
As has been mentioned above...
In this respect, we many as well (say)从这个角度上我们可以说
However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is...然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面，即
I will conclude by saying...
Therefore, we have the reason to believe that...
All things considered,总而言之
It may be safely said that...
Therefore, in my opinion, it’s more advisable...
It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论
From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来……也许更好
Let’s take...to illustrate this.试举例以兹证明
let’s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this.
It’s remains to be further studied...
There’s question is how...
so that, so...that...
The most common mistakes:
1. Use of questions.
If you use a question it means you are questioning and not proving your point.
Questions are best to be left out of essays because they are very passive and sometimes make holes in your essay. When you confront a question, turn it into a statement:
Example:"What do you think that person should do?"
"The person should do the following things to solve his/her problem."
2. Use of "and so on" &"etc."
You can't put these in a formal essay. You must either identify what the "so on" and "etc" are or else just name three examples. The reader knows that you cannot possibly list every example or situation, but if you use "so on" and "etc" you are using non-formal language.
Example: There are many types of religions in society: Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity and so on.
There are many types of religions in society such as Judaism, buddhism, Christianity, Jehovah Witnesses and Hinism.
3. Using "I"
3. Using "I"
When writing a formal essay, you cannot use "I think" "I feel"(and other "I" type statements. Instead, use words like "one" and phrases like "the reader" or "the audience." The reason we do this is, first, the reader knows you wrote it and also that it is your opinion; therefore, "I" is not needed. It is not formal language to say I think, plus it is not needed.
Examples:"I think t hat cats are better than dogs."
Cats are better than dogs.
Take out all the I thinks, in my opinion, I will show, I will prove and any other personal phrases. Instead, make them into more general statements.
4. Use of "You" "Your" "We" "Us" "Our"
Please do not use these words in a formal essay. Not only are they not formal language, but readers may be insulted if the author of the paper insinuates that "You"/"We" do something. It brings too personal of an approach to the writing and can make the reader uncomfortable.
I think/ In my opinion
Change to: more general statements
I think War is a pointless activity.
War is a pointless activity.
Change to:A person/ people/ His/ Her/ One/ One's
You think that reading is boring.
One may think that reading is boring.
Our/ We/ Us
change to: His/ Her/ People
We all have to work together for a better society.
people need to work together in order to create a better society. http://www.JIASO.COM
On May 12th , 2008, a worst earthquake in the past decades struck Sichuan Province, China. People suffered great loss in their lives and properties.
Most buildings were razed in worst-hit areas with so many people, including school students, buried underneath the ruins. Roads and communication facilities have been completely destroyed ,thus cut off from outside. A large number of school buildings collapsed and only a few teachers and students escaped. What was worse, days of rain has held back relief efforts.
Fortunately, our government is taking effective measures to rescue those trapped and buried. Premier Wen Jiabao was quick to reach the scene and personally oversaw the relief work. "As long as there is even a little hope, we will redouble our efforts 100 times and will never relax our efforts,” he told crying locals. Troops and medical teams have been rushed to dig for survivors and treat the injured without a moment’s rest. The population in the surrounding countryside is helping donating food and water for those affected. Financial aid has been pouring in from all over China. Substantial donations from other countries and humanitarian organizations have also been offered.
I believe we can certainly overcome the disaster with the public and the government working together
我与奥运I and Olympic Games
Olympic Games is window, I keep watch. This is a maximum window, had been rubbed bright. Through it, those that see are worlds. Here, it is changing every day, here burgeoning thing is being replaced. Have only me, this loyalty keep watch, it is paying attention to it every day, hopes to know it more. Olympic Games is crossing, I am pedestrian. There are many persons who pass here every day, there is Asian, have European, there is old person, have child. Here is traffic fort, joins the friend of all corners of the country. I pass the one of persons of hundreds of millions of here merely, cross it, go to another world. Olympic Games is Holy Land, I am volunteer. This is the land with pure flat, has holy fire from start to finish to accompany in side. Just because it is so, I pay out voluntarily for it, I will let my strength, let this slice of land more clean, let more ones know it, is also willing to devote oneself to it as me. I still help to the person who comes to here, let them enjoy the happiness of this slice of Holy Land. Olympic Games is platform, I am host. It has put up platform for us , lets world know us; It has built bridge for us , lets us and world link up better. This platform may let us display self wantonly. I am the host of here, I am proud to be the host of here. I will let the friendship of landlord, let guest experience enthusiasm and happiness.
Nowadays, people's life has changed a lot with the development of modern technology and economy, which has put lots of negative effects on the environment.
Why this? Because, firstly, some factories are pouring wastes into rivers, lakes, seas and so forth; secondly, because of human activities, a great number of plants and animals are losing their lives; thirdly, using modern machines and chemicals is bad for the environment. Besides these, there are a lot of human activities which have done or are doing harm to our surroundings.
For this, I think, first, our government should make drastic measures to regulate human activities; second, we human beings should take pains-taking work to stop ourselves destroying the environment and try our best to protect our living space more.
We know that there are too many net-bars(网吧) around us .The Internet can make our lives interesting and enjoyable. Many of us like getting online very much because we can learn how to use the computer and get more information from the Internet. We can learn English . We can read some good newspapers and magazniess. It can make us clever in playing computer games. I can send e-mail to our friends quickly. We can chat(聊天)online with our friends. It can help us get in touch with(取得联系) people from all over the world. But some students spend too much time in playing computer games and some stay in the net bars all day and all night. As a result, they do worse and worse in their lessons and they don’t study well any more. I think we mustn’t go online when it is time for us to study. We can do it in summer or winter holidays.