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高中英语写作应用文分类

发布时间:2021-02-26 14:25:57

⑴ 高考英语作文文体分类【应用文分的细点】

【记叙文】
在写记叙文的活动时,不要套用和议论、说明文的格式, 如first, second, last but not least. 否则大有文体不对之嫌。 引出叙述,可启用for example, the first/next/last thing to consider is ……
下文和大家交流的是另一种形式的记叙文,即描述具体的某一天、某一个节日、或某一次开展的活动,其核心词都是“难忘”“印象深刻”。
这类作文一般分为三步曲。
首先,要巧妙地引出“令我难忘的一次。。。”比如我们可以用比较直白简洁单刀直入式的开头:
The …that was held/happened in ….was really impressive and unforgettable.
There are many unforgettable things in my memory and I will never forget the …..that I experienced in the summer of ….
When it comes to the most unforgettable …. In my life, I will naturally think of …..that happened in ….
当然,用一些比较文艺范的开头更会增添一抹亮色,如
Time flees! My senior high school life has come to an end before I know it. There are so many unforgettable things in the past three years which
are worth mentioning. The most wonderful one is …….
As soon as I see the title”……”, it proces an extraordinary sequence of mental images. Vivid memories
come flooding back of the spring festival ten years ago.
接下来,要用描述性的语言详细生动地勾勒出“一次难忘的…”中的细节,此时,你的思维可以尽量打开,比如就“做了些什么事情”我们可以对从活动当中涉及的不同的人分头展开入手,不同的人做不同的事情,如做了哪些准备工作:
发传单宣传,制定计划,咨询(send leaflets,publicize,make a considered plan,consult sb)活动进行时大家如何分工合作,相互支持,齐心协力完成任务。这样语言就可以比较丰富,内容可以充实出彩,不会造成无话可说。
同时,我们还可以描写参与活动的人物的神态,心情。配合这样的内容要求,我们在语言形式上可以用到形容词、过去分词、现在分词、倒装、对比等结构。
最后,要用简单的语言总结出难忘的活动或经历给你的生活学习产生的影响和意义,或你要简单说明这次活动是否成功,你的感受,你对于这次活动或经历的反思,将来你要如何做等等。
你可以用这样的短语或句子来写,比如:Through the activity, I realize that…,
This experience makes me fully aware of the importance of …
I firmly believe that …
After the activity, I can’t help falling into deep thought.
The activity is really a great success. I feel very proud of our performance and efforts. /I feel relieved to see that …
如果是集体活动,你可以就“团结、合作、理解、支持”这些主题词展开论述一下。
Eg; in the activity, I am aware of the importance of being
supportive, understanding, cooperative, with which what seems impossible will
become possible.
如果是爱心活动,你除了用上述一句,你还可以增加:
I find that love is actually rooted in
people’s heart. It is love that makes the world go round and add color to people’s life.
I truly understand the saying "Love is to us what water is to plants.”
Not only does love bring others happiness, it also enrich your life and makes your feel accomplished.
其他和学生的生活相关的活动,我们常常用到这样的短语:
broaden one’s mind, enrich our life experience, enable us to be more independent, enhance our ability to …, uplift our mind and spirit,
prepare us for the future alt society, strengthen the friendship between fellow students…,facilitate the harmony of the society.
【看图说话】
近些年,英语高考中的作文中看图说话的类型出现了多次。 看图说话的作文貌似简单,实则“小身材,大味道‘。 它既考察了学生运用描述性语言,描述图片的内容,又考察了学生的作文思维品质: 学生在看到图片之后,要在短时间之内,思考突出图片中的那些核心内容,并要把图片中的内容同现实生活联系在一起,陈述与图片主题一致的现实生活中的情况;最后还要对这种情况发表个人看法或提出解决问题的方案等等。 所以高中英语的看图说话绝非是我们儿时语文课的看图说话的要求。 同学们在提笔前,一定要了解到英语中看图说话作文的结构。 一般来说, 我们的作文构思如下;
Para.I: 简要描述图中所显示的内容,注意描述与主题相关的核心内容。
Para.II: 主体部分:根据图片中所反映的内容,联系实际生活,阐述生活中存在的此类情况,或由照片中的情形想到发生在自己身上的经历。 。记住: 这一段是层层递进式地把生活中的现象细致地描述出来, 而无需发表感慨。
Para.III: 提出对生活中的这一现象的分析,个人看法或解决问题的方法建议或呼吁。
常用典型句型
1)As can be seen from the picture, 如图所示,
2)After seeing the picture, I can’t help falling into deep thought. The first question that comes into mind is…看罢图片,我不仅陷入了深思。我想到的第一个问题是。。。
3)The picture does reveal some problems worthy of our concern.这幅图片的确反映了值得我们关注的一些问题。
4)The picture reveals a common scene frequently taking place around us.这幅图片反映了我们生活中常常发生的一个情景。
5)I used to have the same experience as the person in the picture does.我过去已有过类似图片中的主人公的经历。
6)The picture reminds me of the experience when I was…..这幅插图使我想起了我在。。。时候的一段经历。
7)Now exists a prevailing trend in society that......

【应用文】
在英文写作中,一般分为记叙文,(就是我们前几天所介绍的)议论文和应用文。当然每一种还会根据要求和内容具化为各种微类型。应用文体中的一种微类型就是写信。写信又分为:1.写信表达自己对某件事情的看法。2.投诉某种产品或服务。3.写信神情某项工作或职务。今天我们周练的作文就是要求学生根据具体内容写一封投诉信,题目是这样的:
投诉信:假如你在网上订了一款MP3作为生日礼物送给好友,但受到的MP3存在质量问题,请你给销售经理写一封投诉信,内容包括:
1)MP3有质量问题
2)给你造成的损失
3)你的合理要求。
很多学生在写作的时候,完全不考虑作文的写信文体,跑上来就写产品的质量问题,而忽略了在文章的开始先应该告诉别人你写信的目的,再交代写信的相关事由。有的同学甚至忘了在信的结尾处要客气地说明期待听到对方的好消息这一细节。所以整个一篇文章的结构不完整或四不像,所以尽管我改完试卷已有阵阵困意袭来,仍打起精神,跟同学们就如何写投诉信谈谈自己的一些想法。
A.写作结构指导
1)开门见山说意图,信的开头要交待事由
2)投诉产品或服务,例如可着重对比反差,即产品或服务应该如何或在广告中被宣传成什么效果,而实际并非如此;或给你带来的损失和伤害
3)严正提出要求(赔偿、退货)及解决办法,可搭配上“如果自己的要求得不到满足会采取哪些措施”等。
4)签名
B.常用句型:
1)I am writing to complain about……我写信投诉。。。
2)I am disappointed to find thatthings were quite the opposite.我很失望的发现情况完全相反。
3)Since I have suffered a lot both physically and spiritually, I demand that you refund the cost and solve the problem as soon as possible.因为我身心皆遭到伤害,我坚决要求退赔所有费用并能尽快解决问题。
4).If you do not do this, I will complain to the consumer council and resort to law.如果你们不按我的要求去做,我将投诉到消费者协会并诉诸法律。
C. 常用短语
refund 退赔
demand坚决要求
resort to law 诉诸法律
defend consumers‘ rights捍卫消费者权益
compensate赔偿
写作文前,一定要考虑作文的问题,需要分几段来写,每一段的核心词是什么,然后围绕这个中心词如何一步一步展开。切不可目光短浅,把所有精力都集中在所给的具体内容上,而忽略了应有的格式。

⑵ 高中英语作文通常有几种类型

现在最常见来的就是书信类:写自信、留便条等等。其次就是看图写作文,还有话题作文,让你围绕一个主题展开。或是科普类的作文,也称写物类作文,让你把一种事物描写清楚。再来就是叙事作文,让你把一件事情的起因经过结果简单叙述出来。还有一大类就是写景类作文。
总之,英语作文的类型和语文作文没有多大差别,只不过就是把它用英语写出来,写的简单一点罢了。

⑶ 高考英语作文有哪几种类型急急急!

高考英语作文的类型包括:书信类、看图写作文类、话题类等。

表格式内书面表达是近年高考常容选的命题方式之一,而且,所用体裁也相对稳定,以记叙文、应用文、说明文为主;题材多种多样,有书信、日记、介绍、通知等。

考生只需根据表格里的提示内容,确定所要表达的要点,最后运用自己所掌握的句型和词语知识,写出一篇要点全、语句通、条理清、表达明、思路活、书写正的短文。


(3)高中英语写作应用文分类扩展阅读

高考英语中完形填空考察的知识和能力:

1、快速阅读理解能力

在考试中,阅读理解是限时阅读。它主要考查考生两个方面的阅读理解能力:快速阅读能力和准确的理解能力。也就是说,考生在英语阅读理解过程中,阅读速度要快,理解的准确度要高,二者缺一不可。

2、文章体裁辨析能力

英语中,由于不同文体的英语文章有不同的写作方法。如果考生具备了识别英文文体的能力,能根据文体特征迅速抓住文章的要点,就会大大缩短阅读时间,提高理解效率。

参考资料来源:网络--高考外语

⑷ 高中英语应用文类型有哪几种

因为我的话应该就是一些他们调查类的他们最喜欢弄一些调查类的文章让你去选择或者说明文

⑸ 高二英语应用文写作:不少于80

Dear Admissions Office of HK XX Univercity,
I am Lihua, student from Class 1 of Senior Year, Hongxing high middle school. I am good at speaking and listening English, as well as that I can get accustomed to difference environment quickly. I heard that your univercity intend to enroll students from the inland this year, could you please help provide more details on admission criteria, whether interview is needed or not or how to apply scholarship. Your quick response will be much appreciated.
Sincerely yours,
Lihua

⑹ 急!英语应用文写作,内容如下。要符合高中学生的水平

Mom,
My classmates called me to play basketball just now. Because i've finished my homework and washed all my clothes, I decide to go out and play with them until around 5:30pm. Don't worry about me.
Zhang Ming

⑺ 高中英语作文,常见作文十大类

高考英语的10种类型

高考作文分为实用文和应用文。

实用文包括:1.提纲作文;2.图表作版文; 3.图画作权文; 4.开放作文;

应用文包括:5.书信; 6.通知; 7简历; 8.日记; 9.便条;10.电子邮件。

⑻ 要高考了,好心的朋友帮我整理下高考的12种类型的英语作文,每种类型各一篇,或者每种类型几句好句子也行

2013届高考英语作文预测10大热点(精选6篇范文)

1.网上交友 2.俗语写作 3.记叙文4.面对失败的态度 5.漫画写作6.留言条、邀请函 7.魔术 8. 食品安全9.环境保护(地震、核泄漏)10. 中东非洲动荡

特选取6篇范文,以供参考!~

1.网上交友

【猜题理由】交友话题为学生熟知,也符合当前对学生的情感教育方向。利用此话题加强学生英语交际能力的培养,较好地体现了"语境生活化、任务真实性、行为个性化"的设计特点。
【构思点拨】该命题属于应用文,需符合电子邮件的格式要求。在写作过程中要抓住要点提示,做到不遗漏、不重复,并注意保持书信语言的简洁性和精炼性。
【参考范文】

Dear David,
I've learned it from the Inter net that you want to make a Chinese friend s o as to learn the Chinese language and culture. I'm glad that you show such great interest in China and I world like to be your friend.
I will try my best to write to you as often as possible to introce you the Chinese culture. When you have an opportunity to come to China, I'll teach you how to speak Chinese and show you around some famous historical places of interest. Anyway, I am going to help you as much as I can. How do you think?
I'm looking forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

2.俗语写作

【构思点拨】本题属于题目、提纲式作文,给出的要点虽然不多,但要求考生根据生活中亲身经历的一件事,说明一切成功来源于凡事早做规划,不断追求,辛勤劳作这个道理。因此要注意结合自己的经历,谈出自己对此的感受即可。

俗话说:早起的鸟儿有虫吃。请根据你生活中亲身经历的一件事,说明一切成功源于干凡事早做规划,不断追求,辛勤劳作。

【参考范文】

The early bird will catch worms

An old saying "The early bird will catch worms" reminds us that if people want to be successful and outstanding, they must plan ahead of time and make their efforts to overcome all the possible difficulties.
For example, the Chinese athletes' excellent performance in 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver is definitely the result of their early planning and hard training. If they don' t set the aim and word work, even though they have the best talents, they can't compete with others and get more medals.
Another case in point is my learning experience. I was good at English, but I couldn't pass the exam, for I wasn't prepared well before the examination. I had many things to solve at that time. As I met the complex things, I was at a loss. The reason was that I had no plan and involved in many things and didn't study more hard, so I failed.
In short, the saying shows us the important of planning, working hard and constantly trying.

3、留言条

假设你是李华,星期天你要和你的同班同学李明一起去敬老院参加义务劳动,你去找他,但他没有在家,你给他留言说明要求,内容如下:
(1)9:30在学校门口集合;
(2)带劳动工具(洗衣粉、理发工具、除草工具等);
(3)自带午饭,骑自行车前往。
注意:
(1)词数100左右;
(2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文 连贯。
Dear Li Ming,

______________________________________________________________

Li Hua

【猜题理由】2010年高考写作题应该是学生较为熟悉的、身边的与他们生活、学习密切相关的话题。因为高考有一定的连续性,2011年有些省份仍可能采用应用文进行考查。
【构思点拨】本题属于提纲式要点作文,要求学生就所给内容写一张留言条,是学生比较熟悉的题材,体现了英语学习应该注意实用性,生活化的原则。应注意下面几点:(1)注意人称,应该用第一人称的形式给同学李明(第二人称)写便条:(2)注意时态的正确使用:从试题的内容上可以看出在表达要点上应用将来时;(3)注意恰当使用逻辑词语,是各个要点间逻辑连贯,行文通顺。提纲类书面表达不是简单的逐条翻译,而是将所给的几个要点合理的组成比较通顺的语句,因此要仔细组织语言,合理安排结构。在语言方面,要特别注意简洁明了,开门见山。
【参考范文】
Dear Li Ming,
This Sunday we'll go to the nursing home and do some voluntary labor. You were out, when I dropped in on you. Therefore, I had to leave a message to you. According to what monitor said, we'll meet at the gate of our school at 9:30 tomorrow morning and start out together by bike. So you should take your bike and don't forget to take some washing powder, barber tools and weeding tools so that we can help them with washing clothes, cutting their hair and get rid of some weed in the garden. At last, you should remember to take some food for lunch because we'll stay the re for chatting with them at noon. If you come back, you'll phone me at once.

Li Hua

4、记叙文

假如你是武汉大学附中高三(1)的李华,今年即将高中毕业。请根据以下要点给某英文报写一篇英语短文,谈谈你对高三生活的看法。
(1)对获得的帮助表示感谢;(2)消除与 同学之间的误会;(3)努力学习,实现人生梦想;(4)对学弟、学妹的建议。
注意:(1)可适当加入细节,以使行文连贯;(2)词数:100左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数) 。
High school is regarded as the best time in a person's life. As a senior 3 student, it won't take lon g before I graate._____________________________________________________________________
【猜题理由】本篇书面表达能比较真实地反映学生的生活实际,话题内容关注学生的社交生活和树立健康的人生观,具有考查的现实意义和指导意义;在语言表达上,能够让学生充分运用所学知识,毫无词汇障碍地表达自己的思想;此外,在语言表达的设置上也有一定的伸展性,能有效地激发学生个性观点的创建。
【构思点拨】本篇书面表达是常见的提纲类型的写作,要点明确清楚,便于学生组织文章,理清脉络。行文时要注意处理好语言表达的控制性和伸展性之间的关系。
【参考范文】
High school is regarded as the best time in a person's life. As a senior three student, it won't take long before I graate. Now, I have much to share with my fellow students.
Firstly, I would like to show my appreciation to those standing by me all the way, teachers, pare nts and friends included. Without their help and advice, my life would be different. Secondly, it's high time to say sorry to classmates whom I hurt or misunderstood. Communication and smiles act as bridges to friendship. Above all, I've made up my mind to make every effort to study, for I believe hard work is the key to success. Just as the old saying goes, "no pains, no gains."
Finally I hope that all the younger fellows can make full use of time, because time and tide wait for no men.

5、邀请函

假定你是李华,你的一位美国朋友Jane在中国学习中文两年,即将回国。现在由你给她发E-mail,邀请她参加为她举办的欢送会,要点如下:
(1)祝贺 她顺利通过考试,她的学习进步很大,为她骄傲;
(2)感谢她帮助你们学习英语;
(3)时间:星期六晚六点;
(4)地点:阳关俱乐部(The Sun Club)302房间;
(5)路线:在你所住并馆门口乘坐332路公共汽车可直达。
注意:
(1)须包括以上主要内容,可以适当增加细节,使内容连贯;
(2)词数:100左右。开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
(3)参考词汇:欢送会 farewell party

Dear Jane,
Congratulations on your passing all the exams.____________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

Yours faithfully,
Li Hua

【猜题理由】该素材围绕与学生的日常生活相关的话题,体现"生活化"的特点。本篇写作要求写一篇邀请函,能够充分体现生活实际和语言的交际功能。
【构思点拨】写邀请函时一方面需要说明邀请理由,另 一方面要把活动的时间、地点、乘车路线等细节问题一定要交代清楚。
【参考范文】
Dear Jane,

Congratulations on your passing all the exams. I am delighted you have really made great progress in your two years of studying in China. All you have gained is the result of your hard work. We are proud of you and we all appreciate your help with our English We'll always remember the wonderful time we spent together.
It's pity that you have to go back soon! So a farewell party for you will be held i n Room 302 in the Sun Club this Saturday evening. Could you come by 6:00 p.m.? We'll have dinner together. By the way,you may take Bus N o. 332 in front of your hotel and i t will take you directly to the club.
I wish you success and fulfillment in the years ahead!

Yours faithfully,
Li Hua

6.随着日本核泄漏的严重性日益加大,上周你校同学举行了一场英语辩论会。辩论的题目是:“是否应该发展核电站?”参加辩论的A组和B组的同学意见截然不同。请根据下表提供的信息,给某杂志社写一篇英语短文,客观地介绍辩论的情况。开头已经给出。

A组的意见 B组的意见

1. 应发展核电站。 1. 应该限制核电站的发展。

2. 给人们带来更多电能,缓解用电压力。 2. 会造成包括空气污染在内的各种污染。.

3. 创造就业机会. 3. 应该发展例如太阳能等类型的环保电站。

注意: 1. 100字左右; 2.不得逐字翻译。 核电站nuclear power station 太阳能solar energy

Last week, we had a debate about whether we should develop nuclear power stations. Opinions are divided.

During the debate, Some students said we should develop nuclear power stations, since it would bring much electricity to people, and rece the pressure of using electricity in the world. Meanwhile, it can create more jobs.

However, the others thought the government should limit the number of nuclear power stations, since they will cause all kinds of pollution, air pollution included. They thought solar energy power stations, which are environmentally friendly, should be developed.

In my opinion, we should ……

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