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高三英语阅读常见词语

发布时间:2021-01-24 21:33:58

1. 高中生英语阅读常见单词(特别是形容词)

高中英语语法大全之形容词和副词 形容词及其用法 形容词修饰名词,说明事高考资源网物或人的性质或特征。通常,可将形容词分成性质形容词和叙述形容词两类,其位置不一定都放在名词前面。1)直接说明事物的性质或特征的形容词是性质形容词,它有级的变化,可以用程度副词修饰,在句中可作定语、表语和补语。例如:hot 热的。2)叙述形容词只能作表语,所以又称为表语形容词。这类形容词没有级的变化,也不可用程度副词修饰。大多数以a开头的形容词都属于这一类。例如:afraid 害怕的。(错)He is an ill man.(对)The man is ill.(错)She is an afraid girl.(对)The girl is afraid. 这类词还有: well,unwell,ill,faint,afraid,alike,alive,alone,asleep,awake 等。3)形容词作定语修饰名词时,要放在名词的前边。但是如果形容词修饰以-thing为字尾的词语时,要放在这些词之后,例如:something nice w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 以-ly结尾的形容词 1) 大部分形容词加-ly可构成副词。但 friendly,deadly,lovely,lonely,likely,lively,ugly,brotherly,仍为形容词。改错:(错) She sang lovely.(错) He spoke to me very friendly.(对) Her singing was lovely.(对) He spoke to me in a very friendly way.2)有些以-ly 结尾既为形容词,也为副词。 daily,weekly,monthly,yearly,early The Times is a daily paper.The Times is published daily. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 用形容词表示类别和整体 1) 某些形容词加上定冠词可以泛指一类人,与谓语动词的复数连接。如:the dead,the living,the rich,the poor,the blind,the hungry The poor are losing hope.2) 有关国家和民族的形容词加上定冠词指这个民族的整体,与动词的复数连用。 the British,the English,the French,the Chinese.The English have wonderful sense of humor. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 多个形容词修饰名词的顺序 多个形容词修饰名词时,其顺序为:限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --出处--材料性质,类别--名词 a small round table a tall gray building a dirty old brown shirt a famous German medical school an expensive Japanese sports car典型例题:1) Tony is going camping with ___ boys.A.little two otherB. two little otherC.two other littleD.little other two答案:C。由"限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --性质--名词"的公式可知数词,描绘词,性质依次顺序,只有C符合答案。2)One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.A. old Chinese stone B. Chinese old stoneC. old stone ChineseD. Chinese stone old答案A. 几个形容词修饰一个名词,他们的排列顺序是:年龄,形状,大小+颜色+来源+质地+用途+国家+名词。3) ---- How was your recent visit to Qing?---- It was great. We visited some friends,and spent the ___days at the seaside.A. few last sunnyB. last few sunnyC. last sunny fewD. few sunny last答案:B。本题考查多个形容词的排序问题。一般与被修饰形容词关系密切的形容词靠近名词;如果几个形容词的重要性差不多,音节少的形容词在前,音节多的方在后,在不能确定时,可参照下表:限定词+数量词(序数词在前,基数词在后)+性状形容词+大小、长短、高低等形体+those + three + beautiful + large + square新旧+颜色+国籍+材料+名词old + brown + wood + table w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 副词及其基本用法 副词主要用来修饰动词,形容词,副词或其他结构。一、副词的位置:1) 在动词之前。2) 在be动词、助动词之后。3) 多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词后。注意:a. 大多数方式副词位于句尾,但宾语过长,副词可以提前,以使句子平衡。 We could see very clearly a strange light ahead of us.b. 方式副词well,badly糟、坏,hard等只放在句尾。He speaks English well.二、副词的排列顺序:1) 时间,地点副词,小单位的在前,大单位在后。2) 方式副词,短的在前,长的在后,并用and或but等连词连接。Please write slowly and carefully.3) 多个不同副词排列:程度+地点+方式+时间副词。注意:副词very 可以修饰形容词,但不能修饰动词。改错:(错)I very like English. (对)I like English very much.注意:副词enough要放在形容词的后面,形容词enough放在名词前后都可。 I don't know him well enough. There is enough food for everyone to eat. There is food enough for everyone to eat. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 兼有两种形式的副词 1) close与closelyclose意思是"近"; closely 意思是"仔细地"He is sitting close to me.Watch him closely.2)late 与lately late意思是"晚"; lately 意思是"最近"You have come too late.What have you been doing lately?3)deep与deeply deep意思是"深",表示空间深度;deeply时常表示感情上的深度,"深深地"He pushed the stick deep into the mud.Even father was deeply moved by the film.4)high与highly high表示空间高度;highly表示程度,相当于muchThe plane was flying high.I think highly of your opinion.5)wide与widely wide表示空间宽度;widely意思是"广泛地","在许多地方"He opened the door wide.English is widely used in the world.6)free与freelyfree的意思是"免费";freely 的意思是"无限制地"You can eat free in my restaurant whenever you like.You may speak freely; say what you like. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 形容词与副词的比较级 大多数形容词(性质形容词)和副词有比较级和最高级的变化,即原级、比较级和最高级,用来表示事物的等级差别。原级即形容词的原形,比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化两种。1) 规则变化单音节词和少数双音节词,加词尾-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。 构成法原级比较级最高级一般单音节词未尾加-er,-esttall(高的) great(巨大的)tallergreatertallestgreatest以不发音的e结尾的单音词和少数以- le结尾的双音节词只加-r,-stnice(好的)large(大的)able(有能力的)以一个辅音字母结尾的闭音节单音节词,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-er,-estbig(大的)hot (热的)biggerhotterbiggesthottest"以辅音字母+y"结尾的双音节词,改y为i,再加-er,-esteasy(容易的)busy(忙的)easierbusiereasiest busiest少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词未尾加-er,-estclever(聪明的)narrow(窄的)其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more,most来构成比较级和最高级。important(重要的)easily(容易地)more importantmore easilymost importantmost easily 2) 不规则变化 原级比较级最高级good(好的)well(健康的)betterbestbad (坏的)ill(有病的)worseworstold (老的)older/elderoldest/eldestmuch/many(多的)moremostlittle(少的)lessleastfar (远的)farther/furtherfarthest/furthest w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m as+形容词或副词原级+as 1)在否定句或疑问句中可用so… as。He cannot run so/as fast as you.2)当as… as 中间有名词时采用以下格式。as +形容词+ a +单数名词as + many/much +名词 This is as good an example as the other is. I can carry as much paper as you can..3)用表示倍数的词或其他程度副词做修饰语时,放在as的前面。This room is twice as big as that one.Your room is the same size as mine.4) 倍数+ as + adj. + as<=> 倍数+ then + ofThis bridge is three times as long as that one.This bridge is three times the length of that one.Your room is twice as large as mine.Your room is twice the size of mine. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 比较级形容词或副词+than You are taller than I.They lights in your room are as bright as those in mine.注意: 1)要避免重复使用比较级。 (错) He is more cleverer than his brother. (对) He is more clever than his brother. (对) He is clever than his brother.2)要避免将主语含在比较对象中。 (错) China is larger that any country in Asia. (对) China is larger than any other countries in Asia.3)要注意对应句型,遵循前后一致的原则。The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing.It is easier to make a plan than to carry it out.4)要注意冠词的使用,后有名词的时候,前面才有可能有名词。比较:Which is large, Canada or Australia? Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia? She is taller than her two sisters. She is the taller of the two sisters. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 可修饰比较级的词 1)a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still, even等2)还可以用表示倍数的词或度量名词作修饰语。3)以上词(除by far)外,必须置于比较级形容词或副词的前面。典型例题:1)---- Are you feeling ____? ---- Yes,I'm fine now.A. any wellB. any betterC. quite good D. quite better答案:B. any 可修饰比较级,quite修饰原级,well的比较级为better. 2)The experiment was____ easier than we had expected.A.moreB.much more C.muchD.more much答案:C.much可修饰比较级,因此B,C都说得通,但easier本身已是比较级,不需more,因此C为正确答案。3)If there were no examinations, we should have ___ at school.A. the happiest timeB. a more happier timeC. much happiest timeD.a much happier time答案:D。 w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m many, old和far 1) 如果后接名词时, much more +不可数名词many more +可数名词复数2) old 有两种比较级和最高级形式: older/oldest 和elder/eldest。 elder,eldest 只用于兄弟姐妹的长幼关系。My elder brother is an engineer.Mary is the eldest of the three sisters.3) far 有两种比较级,farther,further. 在英语中两者都可指距离。在美语中,father 表示距离,further表示进一步。I have nothing further to say. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m the+最高级+比较范围 1) The Sahara is the biggest desert in the world.形容词最高级前通常必须用定冠词 the,副词最高级前可不用。形容词most前面没有the,不表示最高级的含义,只表示"非常"。It is a most important problem. =It is a very important problem.注意: 使用最高级要注意将主语包括在比较范围内。(错)Tom is the tallest of his three brothers.(对)Tom is the tallest of the three brothers.2) 下列词可修饰最高级,by far, far, much, mostly, almostThis hat is nearly / almost the biggest.注意:a.very可修饰最高级,但位置与much不同。This is the very best.This is much the best.b.序数词通常只修饰最高级。Africa is the second largest continent.3) 句型转换: Mike is the most intelligent in his class. Mike is more intelligent than any other students in his class.4) "否定词语+比较级","否定词语+ so… as"结构表示最高级含义。Nothing is so easy as this.=Nothing is easier than this.=This is the easiest thing. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 和more有关的词组 1) the more… the more…越……就越……The harder you work,the greater progress you'll make.2) more B than A与其说A不如说Bless A than B He is more lazy than slow at his work.= He is less slow than lazy at his work.3) no more… than… 与……一样……,不比……多The officials could see no more than the Emperor.no less… than…与……一样……He is no less diligent than you.4) more than不只是,非常She is more than kind to us all.典型例题1)The weather in China is different from____.A. in AmericaB. one in AmericaC. America D. that in America 答案:D. 本题意为"中国的天气比美国热。"比较的是天气而不是国家,C不能选。A没有名词,后句成分不全,排除。B和D中,B中的one常用来代替可数名词,而that可车以代替不可数或抽象名词,所以选D。2)After the new technique was introced,the factory proced ___ tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice manyB. as many twiceC. twice as manyD. twice many as 答案C. 此句意为"这个厂1988能生产的拖拉机是往年的两倍"。 表示倍数用"倍数+ as + 形容词原形+ as +比较对象"的句型。所以此句答案为C。This ruler is three times as long as that one w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m

2. 英语阅读常见单词

四级阅读高频词汇60个:

hold sth to account 与….对证,核实

admit to 许可,允许

appear to 似乎,好像

apply sth to sth 把…适用于…

ask for 要求

assure sb of sth 使某人确信某事 ensure sb to do sth 保证某人做某事

attach importance to = pay/ call attention to 关注,重视

be based on 以…为基础

be bound to 肯定,一定

when it comes to 当谈论到…,涉及到…

be concerned with 担心,忧虑

contribute to 促成,造就

be content with 对…满意

cut back 消减

be convinced of/that 相信,认为

cope with=deal with处理,克服

daily routine 日常生活

devote to 投身于,致力于

have difficulty in doing sth 做….有困难

end up sth with sth 用…结束…

be engaged in 参与,从事

elementary school 小学

be equal to 等同于,相当于

expose to 暴露,接触

to some /a extent 从某种角度

far from 一点也不,根本不

fail to 没能做成…

at fault 有责任,有错误

federal authority 联邦政府

be filled with 充满

have to 必须得

homeland security 国土安全

be involved in 参与,从事

be judged on 按…评判,判断

lay stress on = focus on 强调,重视

meet one’s needs/standards 满足需要,符合标准

not…..but…..不是,而是

oil drilling= oil tapping= oil exploitation 开采石油

owing to/ e to / because of / thanks to 幸亏,由于,因为

oppose to 反对

make a point of 重视

pay increases 加薪

persuade sb to do sth 劝说

pick up 捡起,接送,学习

there is no question that 毫无疑问

range from …to…范围从…到…

resort to 采取…方法,手段

be responsible for 对…负责

have roots in根源于,原因

in the long run 从长远角度看

see/view/regard/consider as 把…当作,看做…

share one’s opinion 同意...的观点

have something to do with 和…有关 have nothing to do with 和…无关

social ties 社会联系

stop/prevent/keep sb from doing sth 阻止…..做…..

strive to do 设法,努力

tend to 常常

in terms of 有关于,涉及到…

volunteer to do sth 主动,志愿

in the wake of sth …之后

3. 高考英语任务型阅读常见词汇

原因和结果:reason (for) , result; cause (of) , effect; consequence
异同点与优缺点:difference , similarity; advantage/benefit , disadvantage
功能:function
观点与态度:opinion , view (on/about) , viewpoint , idea ;attitude to/towards
评论、评价:comment (on) , remark (on/upon) , assessment
表方式、方法:means , way , method (of) ; solution , approach ( to doing sth. ); take measures to do sth.
目的:purpose , aim , goal 积极和消极:positive ,negative; optimistic
建议: advice [u] , suggestion , tip 概括、总结: summary , conclusion
特点: feature , characteristic 种类:kind , type , category , class
精神上与身体上:mentally ,physically 影响 : influence , impact , effect (on )
情形 ,状况 : situation,condition 建立:build , create , establish , found
出现:appear ,occur(red) 实现,完成:reach , realize , accomplish
必要,必需 : must /necessity 方面,项目条款:item / aspect
材料 : materials 知识消息:knowledge / information
日程计划 : schele / agenda 百分比:percentage
性别 :sex 年龄 : age
满意 :satisfaction 忧虑,担忧,焦急 : concern
(不)熟悉 :familiar /unfamiliar 个人,个人的: indivial
细节 :description , detail 文化 : culture
责任 : (take) responsibility 贡献 : (make) contributions to
重要 : value importance significance 比较 : contrast comparison
时期 : period / time 存在 : existence exist
花费 : cost / expense 人口 : population
天气与气候 : weather[u] / climate [c] 位置 : location
主题 : theme 背景 : setting,background
情节 : plot 高潮 : climax
结尾 :ending 反对者与支持者:supporter , opponent
转换类常用句型:
1.100 years = 1 century = 10 decades
2. take advantage of = make use of
3. parental attention = with the help / aid / assistance of parents
4. oppose the move = be against the move = object to = disagree with
5. consider … = take … into consideration / account
6. at the beginning = at first
7. be responsible for = take / shoulder / bear responsibility for
8. since the beginning of human evolution = throughout human history
9. Americans have been migrating south and west for decades in search of better job opportunities. = Americans have been migrating south and west for decades, seeking a better job. / searching /looking for a better job.
10. housing-related reasons = reasons related / linked/relevant to / connected with housing
11. take an active part in = take part in sth. actively
12. encourage participation in quiet activities = encourage children to participate in / take part in/ play a role in quite activities
13. be hooked on headphones = be addicted to headphones
14.valuable information = information of great value
15.understand clearly = have a clear understanding of sth.
16.affect = have an effect / influence / impact on sth.
17.matter = count = be very important = be of importance = make sense = make a difference
18. kills sb. = sth. costs sb. sth. = claim one’s life
19. make an apology = apologize to sb.
20.be over = end = put …to an end
21.despite = in spite of
22. share less than 2% = account for less than 2%= make up
23.online = on the Internet
24.learn good citizenship = learn to be good citizens
25.list the things that you are good at = list what / all you are good at
26.explain sth. = make an explanation
27.offer sth. to sb. = provide / supply sth. for sb.
28.besides = on top of = in addition to = apart from
29. be better than = be superior to
30. approve of = subscribe to = be in favor / support of = favor sth.
31.have access to = be acceptable / accessible / available to
32.stop = quit = give up
33.compensate for = make up for
34.in part = partly
35.every year = yearly = annually
36.use up = run out of (主动)
37.run out = give out = be used up (被动)
38.be accused of = be charged with
39.most of the people = the majority of the people
40.cater to /for one’s needs / demands /requirements = satisfy / meet one’s ….
41.starve to death = die of hunger/ starvation
42.be tired out = be worn out = be exhausted = be weary
43.socially responsible = social responsibility
44.sth. benefit sb. = be beneficial to sb. = be of benefit to = sb. benefit from sth .
45.commit oneself to doing sth. = promise to do sth.
46.make full use of = make the most of

大概符合你的意思吧,给分哦!!

4. 高中英语阅读理解题中常见词汇

在高中应试题目中,作者意图会在第一段出现,特别注意一些转折意味的单词,如回but,although,再者就是答最后一段,注意全文此类单词。
通看全文,之后看题目回看文章,抠文章中的答案就行,在文章中有提示,

5. 高考英语阅读中出现的高频词汇有哪些

其实你把高考词汇手册上的单词短语能够吃透,就已经够你用的了,再加上平时做题时的积累的词汇,成语,短语之类的,高考绰绰有余了。

6. 高中英语阅读常见单词

how, what, why, main idea, passage, essay等等这些疑问词肯定是提问中的常见词,至于文章中简单词汇肯定常见,就列举不专完啦,但每次遇到属生词,你把塔记下来,以后就不会觉得生词太多。

7. 英语阅读理解题目常见单词

阅读理解的题目中常出现的词:
一、主旨题:
show说明,展示
mean意思是
purpose目的
view看法
example例子
experment实验
concte行为
researcher研究者
meant目的
conclusion结论
discuss讨论
idea设想
main主要的
mainly主要地
primarily主要地
topic话题
concemed讨论
title标题
replaced取代
article文章,项目
argues表明,认为,坚持,争论
indicates表明
summary总结
leare from结论
attitude态度
toward对于
described描述
carry 表达,携带
message主旨,信息
lead to导致
cause原因
reason for原因
implied暗示,意味
infer推测
concluded推断
suggest建议
advice劝告

二、词义题:
refers提到,引用,参考
stands for代表,象征
probably可能,大概
replaced取代
close接近的

三、是非题:
The least possible choice最不可能的选择
true真空的
correct正确的
false不真实的
mentioned提到的
except除了
opposite对立
statement陈述
describes描述

四、因果题:
in that
as
e to
consequently因此
as a resulf
depehd on
because of
why
basis
reason理由
result结果
because
for
since
therefore
lead to导致
result in导致
result from起因于
all this
that is why
for these reasons
as reasons作为原因

五、比较题:
first
major主要的,重要的,较多的
none一点也不,没有一个
only

aware of the risks了解到这些风险
according根据,按照,相应的,相符的
centers on集中在。。。上
envisions future展望将来
deals with与。。。交易
expression表达
however不管怎样,然而,可是
illustrates with阐明,举例,说明
is aimede at其目的在于
problem问题
whether…or…是。。。还是。。。
whether or no不管怎样
lies in在于
focus on针对,聚焦于,集中于
it comes to涉及到
it is essenhal to 最重要的是
appears出现
likely可能
probably可能
possible可能的

六、主旨题:
By “…challenges explanation”(Line 2.pare.1)the author means that________
goal
The author’s purpose in writing the second paragraph is to show that children_________
view
The author gives an example in Paragraph * mainly to show that_______
The experment concted by the researcher was meant to____________
The findings of the experiment show that__________
What is the one of the possible conclusions of the experiment_________
The passage mainly discusses______
about
The idea_________
the idea of________
The main idea of this passage is _____
What is the main topic of this passage?
What is the passage primarily concerned about?
Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
best replace the title
The best title for this passage might be________
Which is the best summary of ________
…..can we leare from this passage
The author’s attitude towards…..is______
writer’s to
The tone of this passage can be described as____________
describes 描述
Which of the following may lead to (caust) _______
The main reason for…is _________
….mastly for________
It is implied in the passage that________
The passage implies(suggests)that________
as________suggest
It can be inferred from the passage that______
It can be concluded from the passage that_______
From the passage we can infer (draw the conclusion)that________
The passag
The passage appears to be (is most likely) a part of_________.
Where would this passage most probably be found?

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