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如何做英语阅读理解高考

发布时间:2021-03-15 22:07:45

❶ 如何做好高考英语阅读理解题文章

这种题型与阅读理抄解相比,既有相同点也存在着区别。其相同点在于两者都是对语篇阅读能力的考查,考生需对文章有较好的理解。区别主要表现在以下三个方面:
1. 阅读理解题目的题型是客观的,而阅读表达的题型则是主观的,这不仅需要考生将文章理解,还需要将自己对文章的理解通过自己的语言表达出来,而且要受到字数的限制。这就是说阅读理解只是要求学生将文章及题目中的信息理解了,就能作对题目,而阅读表达不仅要求学生理解文章和题目而且要把文章中的信息用自己的语言表达出来,是一种信息的输出。
2. 阅读理解的文章难度较大,片幅较长,生词较多;阅读表达的文章较为简单,生词少。
3. 在于阅读理解中的题型是选择题,问题类型及所考查的方式差别很大,所供选择的答案只有一项是正确的;但在阅读表达中,题型和题目的设置是比较固定的,包括:题目、句子替换、完成句子、个人观点描述(开放式问题)及翻译五种题型,答案往往是不唯一的。

❷ 如何做高考英语阅读理解推

主旨大意题

主旨大意题主要考查学生对所读材料(或所读材料片断)中心思想的概括。做这类题时,考生应通读全文,把握文章大意或中心思想,同时注意文章的主题句,因为主题句表达中心思想,其他句子均围绕主题句进行展开。主题句通常位于文章第一段首句、第一段末句或全文末句等地方,但位于段落中间(通常是第一段或最后一段的中间)也是完全可能的。主旨大意题的考查形式很多,如概括标题、主题、段意、中心思想等。请看下面一个段落:
In the course of working my way through school, I took many jobs I would rather forget. But none of these jobs was as dreadful as my job in an apple plant. The work was hard; the pay was poor; and, most of all, the working conditions were terrible.
◎What is the subject discussed in the text?
A. The writer’s unhappy school life
B. The writer’s eagerness to earn money
C. The writer’s experience as a full-time worker
D. The writer’s hard work in an apple plant
原文共有五个自然段,上面摘录的只是文章的第1个自然段,但是如果考生训练有素的话,只要读完这个段落就可猜出此题的答案了。因为文章第一句说In the course of working my way through school, I took many jobs I would rather forget,接着作者用but引出一个新的情况(即主题句):none of these jobs was as dreadful as my job in an apple plant. 再接下来又说:The work was hard; the pay was poor; and, most of all, the working conditions were terrible. 聪明的读者至此应该可以猜测到,下面的几个段落肯定是介绍这个apple plant 的work是如何的hard,它的pay是如何的poor,它的working conditions 是如何的terrible 等。比较四个选项,只有选项D所表述内容合乎上面的分析,故选D。

事实细节题

顾名思义,事实细节题即指针对文章的某个事实或细节而设置的试题。事实细节题的命题方法很多,如可能是对某个细节用同义结构转换后进行考查、也可能是将文章中的几个细节(通常是四个)放在一起要求考生判断是非(选出正确的一项或选出错误的一项)或对几个细节进行排序等。解答这类试题时,一个常用的方法就是运用定位法,即根据题干或选项中的线索词从原文中找到相关的句子,与选项进行比较从而确定答案(此时要特别注意一些常见的同义转换或简单换算)。请看下面一道事实细节题:
Tuition Fees(学费)
Tuition fees are different from department to department, generally from $5,000 to $6,000 a year. For further information: tui@waikato.ac.nz
Accommodation(住宿)
You can have a room in a 4-bedrcom flat, which will cost about $100 a month with other regular living costs of about $150 a month for one person. For further information: ave@walkato.ac.nz
◎You have to pay at least ______ a year if you study at the University of Waikato.
A. $5,250 B. $8,000 C. $9,000 D. $11,000
根据Tuition fees一节的内容可知,一年的学费最低为5,000美元,再根据Accommodation(住宿)一节可知,除学费外,还有住宿费(每月100美元)和生活费(每月150美元),即一年大约共3,000美元,所以在WaiKato大学读书一年至少要花费5,000+3,000=8,000美元,故答案为B。

代词指代题

这类题要求考生根据一定的上下文推测代词的指代意义,它主要考查考生在一定语境中对上下文逻辑关系的正确理解。做这类题时,考生不仅要读懂相关句子的句意,理顺相关句子的逻辑关系,而且还要学会合理变通,尤其要学会变通理解其中的同义表达。请看下面一个片断和一个道词义猜测题:
Many creative thinkers state that they have completely devoted themselves to the subject matter of the problem, often over fairly long periods of time. Indeed, it would be strange if they had not done this. Nothing in such statements supports the idea that there is anything very different about the problem solving that leads to discoveries of the great contributions to the society. The act of discovery, even in the relatively predictable(可以预见的) sense that it occurs in everyday learning, involves(涉及) a “sudden insight” which changes the problem situation into a solution situation. As we have seen, everyday discovery also requires that the learner have the knowledge of the rules gained in the past, which is involved in the solution.
What does the underlined word “this” refer to?
A. Great contributions to the society.
B. Long-time study of the subject matter.
C. Various statements about problem solving.
D. Complete devotion to artistic creation.
此题答案选B。答案的直接依据是文章中的Many creative thinkers state that they have completely devoted themselves to the subject matter of the problem, often over fairly long periods of time. Indeed, it would be strange if they had not done this 这两句话。从句意和句子结构上看,this在此指代的应是they have completely devoted themselves to the subject matter of the problem, often over fairly long periods of time,比较四个选项,只有B与之吻合,因为选项中的long-time与原文中的over fairly long periods of time属同义表达,选项中的study of the subject matter 与原文中的devoted themselves to the subject matter of the problem属同义表达。

词义猜测题

即要求考生根据一定的上下文猜测生词的词义。它是高考英语阅读理解中的一个难点,同学们应引起充分重视。猜测生词词义的方法很多,常用的有同义解释法、因果推断法、前后对比法、基本构词法、语境理解法、举例说明法、常识背景法、类属分析法等。请看下面一道词义猜测题:
More American people take their troubles with them on holiday, according to a new survey. Although 40 percent said that the main reason for going away is to escape pressure(压力) from work, almost all said they worry more than they do at home. Only four in every 100 said that they are happy and free of care.
The underlined word “survey” in the first paragraph most probably means ______.
A. research B. review C. exhibition D. examination
此题答案选A。比较四个选项,同时结合常识,文中所提到的事实和数据应该是“调查和研究”得出的(其他几个选项可排除)。

❸ 如何做好高考英语阅读理解

1. 阅读理解题目的题型是客观的,而阅读表达的题型则是主观的,这不仅需专要考生将文章属理解,还需要将自己对文章的理解通过自己的语言表达出来,而且要受到字数的限制。这就是说阅读理解只是要求学生将文章及题目中的信息理解了,就能作对题目,而阅读表达不仅要求学生理解文章和题目而且要把文章中的信息用自己的语言表达出来,是一种信息的输出。
2. 阅读理解的文章难度较大,片幅较长,生词较多;阅读表达的文章较为简单,生词少。
3. 在于阅读理解中的题型是选择题,问题类型及所考查的方式差别很大,所供选择的答案只有一项是正确的;但在阅读表达中,题型和题目的设置是比较固定的,包括:题目、句子替换、完成句子、个人观点描述(开放式问题)及翻译五种题型,答案往往是不唯一的。

❹ 高考英语阅读理解怎么做

如果你属于时间已经相对没有这么充分的应考生,那么建议多从出题的角度入手去找答案版,你说的“在文中找答案权不好找”是因为你对文章的重要信息出处没有关注。

一篇文章既有重要的信息也有次要的信息,考试的时候尽量是关注前者。注意以下几处信息会相对比较重要:

1 转折
2 因果关系
3 特殊的标点如破折号等
4 极端词(如never/only)和比较级最高级
5 中文注释

这几个地方常常都是考点,你可以把做过的题目正确选项在文中的位置找出来对应一下,培养对出题的感觉~

加油哈~

❺ 高考英语阅读选题目题如何做

一、考点聚焦
1、题型特点
阅读是理解和吸收书面信息的能力。《中学英语教学大纲》规定,中学生应侧重培养阅读理解能力。
阅读材料的选取原则为:
(1)阅读量不少于1000个单词。近三年超过2000字篇数为5篇,读速要求为44.2,44.6和46.3wpm。
(2)题材多样化,包括科普、社会、文化、政治、史地、经济、新闻报道乃至广告说明。
(3)体裁避免单一化,包括记叙文、说明文、应用文等。
2、试题要求
(1)掌握所读材料的主旨和大意,以及用以说明主旨和大意的事实和细节。
(2)既理解具体的事实,也理解抽象的概念。
(3)既理解字面意思,也理解深层含义,包括作者的态度、意图等。
(4)既理解某句、某段的意义也理解全篇的逻辑关系,并据此进行推理和判断。
(5)能根据材料所提供的信息,结合中学生应有的常识正确判断生词的含义。
3、基本能力
(1)能迅速看准每句的结构,抓住主句的主语、谓语、宾语。
(2)有一定的词汇量和辨词能力。
(3)能灵活运用所学语法知识,根据句中的某个词迅速断定真假、语态和时态等。
(4)对英美文化背景知识有一定了解。
(5)有良好的思维能力,能边看边加工所得到的信息,从而作出正确分析、判断和综合。
(6)有平时大量阅读作基础,有一定的语感和相当的阅读速度。

二、应试技巧点拨
1、四个步骤
(1)速读短文,了解短文的主旨大意,辨别文体,掌握结构。
(2)看题。了解考查内容,带着问题读材料,寻找答案。
(3)复读。对所选答案有针对性地寻找支撑论点的关键信息。
(4)核查。注意各题的答案应逻辑一致,不能自相矛盾。尽可能找到(从文中)根据,确保正确无误。
2、四个善于
(1)关于审题,找出文中依据。
(2)善于寻找线索。
(3)善于抓主题句,解决概括题。
(4)善于筛选、比较、衡量、综合文章的有用信息。
3、三个避免
(1)只见树木不见林。
(2)难题耗时太多。
(3)阅读方式不当。

三、精典范例
例1 (NMET 2001)
Shanghai: Car rentals(出租)are becoming more and more popular as an inexpensive way of taking to the roads. Business people, foreigners and families alike are making good use of the growing instry.

The first car rental firm opened in Shanghai in 1992 and now 12 car rental players are in the game, with more than 11,500 cars in their books.

The largest player—Shanghai Bashi Tourism Car Rental Center offers a wide variety of choices—deluxe sedans, minivans, station wagons, coaches. Santana sedans are big favorite.

Firms can attract enough customers for 70 percent of their cars every month. This figure shoots up ring holiday seasons like National Day, Labor Day and New Year's Day, with some recording 100 percent rental.

The major market force rests in the growing population of white-collar employees(白领雇员),who can afford the new service, said Zhuang Yu, marketing manager of Shanghai Angel car Rental Co.
( )1. The words "deluxe sedans","minivans"and "station wagons"used in the text refer to ___________.
A.cars in the making B.car rental firms
C.cars for rent D.car makers
( )2. Which of the following statements is true according to the text?
A. 70% of the cars can be rented out on holiday.
B. 70% of the customers are while-collar employees.
C. More firms are open for service ring holiday seasons.
D. Some firms rent out all their cars ring holiday seasons.
( )3. Shanghai's car rental instry is growing so fast mainly e to ___________.
A. better cars supplied by procers.
B. fast service offered by car rental firms.
C. the increasing number of white-collar emplioyees.
D. people's growing interest in travelling ring holidays.
解析:
1.C。上文提到:"Shanghai Bashi旅游车租赁中心"提供了广泛丰富的选择,可判断选择的内容为可供租赁的车型。故选C。
2.D。文中提到的数据70%为"每月汽车租出量",故A、B都不正确。"This figure shoots up ring holiday seasons …, with some recording 100 percent rental"判断出D项陈述正确的,即"一些公司在节假日里能够把汽车全部租出去。"
3.C。文章最后一段引用"汽车租赁中心市场经理"(Zhuang Yu)的话解释了上海汽车租赁行车迅猛发展的原因根源于"the growing population of white-collar employees"。故选C。

例2:(2004年全国卷II)
Rome had the Forum. London has Speaker's Corner. Now always–on– the-go New Yorkers have Liz and Bill.

Liz and Bill, two college graates in their early 20s, have spent a whole year trying to have thousands of people talk to them in subway stations and on busy street corners. Just talk.

Using a 2-foot-tall sign that says,"Talk to Me."they attract conversatio- nalists, who one evening included a mental patient, and men in business suits.

They don't collect money. They don't push religion(宗教). So what's the point?

"To see what happens, said Liz."We simply enjoy life with open communication(交流)."
Shortly after the September 11,2001 attacks, they decided to walk from New York City to Washington, a 270-mile trip. They found they loved talking to people along the way and wanted to continue talking with strangers after their return.

"It started as a crazy idea,"Liz said."We were so curious about all the strangers walking by with their life stories. People will talk to us about anything: their jobs, their clothes, their childhood experiences, anything."

Denise wanted to talk about an exam she was about to take. She had stopped by for the second time in two days, to let the two listeners know how it went.

Marcia had lost her husband to a serious disease."That was very heavy on my mind,"Marcia said."To be able to talk about it to total strangers was very good,"she explained.

To celebrate a year of talking, the two held a get-together in a city park for all the people they had met over the past year. A few hundred people showed up, as well as some television cameramen and reporters.

They may plan more parties or try to attract more people to join their informal talks. Some publishers have expressed interest in a book, something they say they'll consider.
1. What did Liz and Bill start doing after September 2001?
A. Chatting with people. B. Setting up street signs
C. Telling stories to strangers D. Organizing a speaker's corner
2. What they have been doing can be described as .
A. pointless B. normal C. crazy D. successful
3. Why are Denise and Marcia mentioned in the text?
A. They knew Liz and Bill very well.
B. They happened to meet the writer of the text.
C. They organized the get-together in the city park.
D. They are examples of those who talked to Liz and Bill.
4. What will Liz and Bill do in the future?
A. Go in for publishing. B. Do more television programs.
C. Continue what they are doing. D. Spend more time reading books.
5. How do they like they idea of writing a book?
A. They have decided to wait a year or two
B. They will think about it carefully
C. They agreed immediately
D. They find it hard to do that
解析:
1.A。本篇讲述了两个大学毕业生与陌生人交谈,倾听人们向他们倾述的互惠的活动。文章从联想开始,简介Liz and Bill(这是两个人的名字,又是交谈与倾听活动的名称)做什么,怎样开始的,效果如何,未来打算等,其中等六段和第七段是插叙(从shortly after…到…experiences, anything.),讲述的就是两个年轻人怎样开始这一活动的。故选A项;开始与人聊天。
2.D。Liz and Bill活动很成功。从倒数第二段可知:为庆祝该活动一周所举办的聚会,有许多人参加,记者和摄影师都来了,说明很成功。
3.D。Liz和Bill同许多人谈生活,倾听过许多人跟他们谈心,Denise和Marcia是其中的两人。提到他们来做例子。
4.C。最后一段的前一句说明他们还想吸引更多的人来加入这一活动,与他们聊天。故选C。
5.B。本题问Liz和Bill怎么看待写本书这回事,全篇最后一句可知,但本句结构较复杂。something是代词,是a book的同位语,"they'll consider"是定语从句,"they say"起到插入语的作用。全句可译为:有些出版商表达了给Liz和Bill 出本书的兴趣,Liz和Bill说他们会考虑这件事。consider一词可解释为think about carefully,"something"指出书写书。故选B。

例3:
My first reaction was annoyance. It was Friday afternoon, and I was within an hour of finishing my work for the week. As I was leaving, a nurse brought me one more patient message. The statement read: "Mrs.Jones called to say that she has had blurred vision(视觉模糊)ever since her medical test this morning."I smiled. Suddenly our tests were causing eye problems.

This week my patients had questioned everything. My patient with high blood pressure had stopped coming to her treatment on the advice of an Internet chat room. A woman who had a mental problem was substituting(用……代替)St . John's word for her medication. Now Mrs. Jones was imagining problems. I rolled my eyes.

My second reaction was worry. As I looked through her record, I tried to figure out why she would have blurred vision, but nothing in her record explained the new problem. She's probably just anxious, I thought. Still, she wouldn't have called if she had been all right. I picked up the phone.

What I next felt can only be described as delight. Before I made the call, the nurse ran in: Mrs. Jones called. Her vision is fine. Turns out she picked up the wrong glasses when she left the office. The X-raytechnician has been having the same problem. I let out a laugh. Mrs. Jones had been right. Her vision had been blurred. Now we know why.

Finally I felt shame. I came to realize what Mrs. Jones had taught me. I had first known she was wrong, that her anxiety had clouded her judgment. Instead, my medical training had clouded mine. Now I me for my help. They pay me to listen, diagnose(诊断),treat and talk. That suggests trust; I must remember that, and trust them too.

1.The writer smiled while reading the patient message because he knew .
A. Mrs. Jones would ask for more tests
B. the patient was being unreasonable
C. the nurse was joking with him
D. Mrs. Jones would call him
2. What had caused Mrs . Jones' eye problem?
A. Wrong glasses B. Medical checkup.
C. Her own imagination D. Chatting on the Internet
3.The underlined words"clouded her judgment"in the last paragraph probably mean .
A. made her less trustful toward the doctor
B. put her in control of her own feelings
C. made her less able to think clearly
D. put her in a dangerous situation
解析:
1.B。本篇讲一个医生要结束一周的工作时几分钟内的心理历程。一周来,病人们不断怀疑或不信任自己,其中一个病人Mrs.Jones也来电话说上午看完病后眼睛看不清东西,医生先是烦躁,进而担心焦虑是否真的有问题或病人只是在想像,再而是高兴——Mrs.Jones只是戴错了眼镜,自己的诊断治疗没问题。最后是惭愧,病人还是信任自己的,自己也必须信任病人。文章第二段活用了许多过去完成时,说明这些事先发生,许多病人开始没道理地怀疑自己,现在又轮到Mrs.Jones。所以医生知道这位病人有些没理性。
2.A。第四段的前几句说明了Mrs.Jones视力正常,(下班)离开办公室时拿错了眼镜。
3.C。画线部分中cloud作动词用,是用云挡住的意思,整体画线部分应是"影响了她的判断力,使她不能正常思考",本题可用代入法解决。

例4:
It's not the flashiest car in the world. Not even close. But the 1971 Volkswagen named Helios can do something most cars can't : run on solar energy—energy from the sun's light and head!
Joshua Bechtold, 14,and the other students at the Riverside School in Lyndonville, Vermont, worked They named their car after Helios, the sun god in Greek mythology(神话)。
The 4-year-old Tour de Sol encourages the use of "green",or environmen- tally friendly, cars to help rece pollution and save enengy. It's not a race. Cars are judged on fuel efficiency(耗油量)rather than speed. In the week-long event, 44 cars took the 350-mile tour from Waterbury, Connecticut, to Lake George, New York. Of the 23 student cars, Helios was the only one built by middle school students.

A teacher drove Helios, but the children talked with people wherever they stopped along the road."That was my favorite part,"says Anna Browne,15."We explained how the car runs."

Due in part to old, inefficient batteries(电池),Helios finished fourth—out of four—in its kind, the sun-powered class."We were there for the fun of it,"Anna says,"We're proud of Helios,"says Ariel Gleicher, 14."It's a car that's good for the environment."

1. What is special about the car Helios in the text?
A. It was built by middle school students
B. It has an attractive design
C. It was made in 1971
D. It won the fourth prize
2. How many sun-powered cars took part in the race?
A. 1 B. 4 C. 23 D. 44
3. What would be the best title for the text?
A. The Making of Helios
B. 1999 American Tour de Sol
C. Sun-powered Gars on the Road
D. Use of Green Cars in Connecticut
4. The students felt proud of Helios because .
A. it could run as far as 350 miles
B. it was favored by many children
C. it had high-quality batteries
D. it was driven by clean energy
解析:
1.A。从第一段"run on solar energy"和第二段"Joshua Bechtold,14, and the other students…worked many months to get Helois ready."可知本车利用太阳能,并且由学生制做。
2.B。从最后一段"Helois finished fourth-out of four-in its kind, the sun-powered class"可知,四辆同类车参赛,Helois得第四名。
3.C。全文讲述Helois这类太阳能车。本文不止讲Helois的制作,排除A。本文讲Helois参赛前后的事,不以赛事为主,排除B。环保汽车的使用不止在Connectinut, 排除D。
4.D。学生们对此车感到自豪是因为该车环保,而非车速或小孩子喜欢,且它的电池旧而效率低,排除其他各项。

例5:
The other day, my friend Jane was invited to a 40th birthday party. The time printed on the invitation was 7:30 pm. Jane went off with her husband, expecting a merry evening of wine, food, and song.

By 9:45,everybody was having great fun, but no food had appeared. Jane and David were restless. Other guests began whispering that they, too, were starving. But no one wanted to leave, just in case some food was about to appear. By 11:00, there was still no food, and everyone was completely off their heads. Jane and David left hungry and angry.

Their experience suggests that the words on the printed invitations need to be made clearer. Everyone reads and understands the invitations differently. Most of us would agree that 6:30—8:30pm means drinks only, go out to dinner afterwards; 8:00pm or 8:30pm means possible dinner, but 9:30pm and any time thereafter means no food, eat beforehand, roll up late.

But this is not always the case. If asked to a students' party at 6:30pm, it is normal for guests not to appear before midnight, if at all, and no one cares. Being the first to arrive—looking eager—is social death. When my mother asked to a party for 6:30, she likes to be there, if not on time, then no later than seven. My age group (late thirties)falls somewhere between the two, but because we still think we're young. We're probably closer to student-time than grown-up time.

The accepted custom at present is confusing(混乱的),sometimes annoying, and it often means you may go home hungry, but it does lend every part that precious element(成分)of surprise.
1. The underlined words"off their heads"probably mean .
A. tired B. crazy C. curious D. hopeless
2. Jane and David's story is used to show that .
A. party-goers usually get hungry at parties
B. party invitations can be confusing
C. people should ask for food at parties
D. birthday parties for middle-aged people are ll
3. For some young people, arriving on time for a students' party will probably be considered .
A. very difficult B. particularly thoughtful
C. friendly and polite D. socially unacceptable
4. According to the writer, people in their late thirties .
A. are likely to arrive late for a party
B. care little about the party time
C. haven't really grown up yet
D. like surprises at parties
5. What is the general idea of the text? .
A. It's safe to arrive late just when food is served
B. It's wise to eat something before going to a party
C. It's important to follow social rules of party-going
D. It's necessary to read invitations carefully
解析:
1.B。参加晚会的人没吃晚饭,到晚11点,人们饿疯了。
2.B。开头的故事做为例子,说明邀请信函令人迷茫,人们无法把握该如何去做。
3.D。第四段前几句说明,年轻的学生赴晚会迟到很正常。急切地第一个赶到的人太少见了。
4.A。第四段最后提及三十多岁的人参加晚会的时间接近学生的时间,故可能迟到。
5.C。全文可知,不同年龄段的人到达晚会的时间不同,对晚会时间理解不同,不遵从社会习惯,便会出现饿肚子等现象。所以,按社会习俗参加晚会极为重要。

例6:
Cannes will rock to the sound of a cancan dance this year when Moulin Rouge by the Australian director Baz Luhrmann opens the French film festival

(电影节)in May. The musical stars Nicole Kidman as a singer, and John Leguizamo as the artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautree. It will be competing for the palme d'Or, the festival's top prize. The festival runs to May 21.

The American actor Tommy Lee Jones, 54, has married his longtime girlfriend, Dawn Maria Laurel, 36, in a private wedding in San Antonio."It wasn't a big to-do,"said Fred Biery, a U.S. District Judge who performed the service. He refused to discuss things further."These are very private people,"he said.
Loretta Lynn is being treated for a very bad cold in Tennessee and will miss several appearances. The country singer, 65, was admitted to a hospital near her home in Hurricane Mills."She is in good condition, but the doctors are watching her closely,"a spokeswoman said.

The French-Algerian singer Enrico Macias was named a United Nations peace messenger. Enrico joins eight other people who act as goodwill envoys(使者)for the United Nations, among them are the writer Elie Wiesel and the basketball player Magie Johnson.
1. We can learn from the text that Henri de Toulouse-Lantree is .
A. a figure in a film B. a dancer in a show
C. a country singer D. a prize winner
2. We know from the text that .
A. Moulin Rouge won the top prize in a film festival
B. Loretta Lynn is under the doctor's care
C. eight people serve as the UN goodwill enjoys
D. Fred Biery was Tommy Lee Jones' assistant
3. This text most probably appears in .
A. a book on film stars B. a film review in a magazine
C. a newspaper D. a notice
解析:
1.A。第一段"…and John Leguizamo as the artist Hentti de You-louse- Lautree."可知,as前省略了will act, as前的人是一个演员,其后的人是电影中的角色。
2.B。第四段"She (Loretta Lynn)is in good condition, but the doctors are watching her closely"可知答案。Moulin Rough(一部影片)即将参加电影节,尚未获奖,排除A。Enrico Macias同其他八人一道,共九人,排除C。Fred Biery是一个法官,故排除D。
3.C。全文四小段文章均是关于影视娱乐圈的事,应该是从报纸的休闲娱乐栏目中选取的文章。

来自www.jxue.com/mid

❻ 如何做高考英语阅读理解推断题

做高考英语阅读理解推断题,我个人的经验,三步:
1.迅速将整篇文章分解,理出文章结构;
2.迅速抓住文章叙述的主题;
3.迅速找出各部分的中心意思,并找出表达中心意思的句子。
做到这3步,基本上这篇文章不用逐字读完就可以答对接下来的题目。

先说一下,英语文章,尤其是用于考试的阅读文章,其结构都有非常明显的典型性,一般结构为主题段,论述段落,总结及结论段,乃至超长的毕业论文也不过是在这个大框架内。

以一篇文章5段为例:

一般第一段为主题段,也就是说,整篇文章要表达的主题一定会出现在这里,你要做的就是迅速把中心句找出来,一般来说,中心句会出现在倒数第2句或第1句,简单一点的文章会在第1句就出现,如果考题出得比较难,也可能需要自己总结,但就算需要自己总结中心句,也一定能在该段落中找出代表中心意思的词;

接下来第二、三、四段,各段将对第一段提出的主题意思进行论述或分步骤分析,也就是说,每个段落都会有进阶的主题,即个各分论点,所以你要做的同样是迅速把它们找出来,位置和方法相同;

最后一段为全文的总结,并会对结论进行进一步的分析,或做推测,或作评论,这也是一个出题点,你要做的就是抓住总结的主旨和对其进一步分析的结论。

当然并不会所有文章都是5段,例如有的主题段落会有2段甚至更多,论点段落可能只有2段或多达4段以上(但一般不超过3段),难一点的文章里每个分论点也可能不止一段,我这里只是以5段为例,解释的是文章的结构,或者说一般构成,通过这个规律可以迅速将文章进行分解,进而掌握各部分的要点。

下面分析一下出题要点,或者说出题规律(如果题不会出得很偏的话),以一篇阅读文5题为例,一般为1个主题、1个分论点、2个细节题、1个结论或对结论的分析、推测。

可见掌握文章主题、分论点及结论分析就可以答对3/5,这是不需要逐字逐句读完全文的,而2个细节题怎么办呢,就需要通过题目提供的信息迅速分析出其所在的分论点,然后回到该分论点段落找到与这题相符的句子,一般如果题出得简单的话会是原句照搬,难一点的话会换个表达方式,再难一点则会绕个圈设个陷阱,这就需要非常小心,一定要舍得多花2秒钟把这句话和前后两句反复阅读,挖出陷阱。这样的话5道题都可以迎刃而解了,这就叫针对性解题。

说一下我的阅读答题习惯吧,一般我第一时间会先看题,并且非常认真的理解每道题的意思,提取有用的信息,虽然一般并不容易只通过问题一下子就找出文章主题,但一定能找到跟主题有关的词和信息,并且至少知道文章是在讨论某个东西还是在叙述某件事,也就是说是议论文、说明文,还是叙述文,然后迅速按上面的三步走,这样带着问题扫读全文,连细节题也可以非常迅速的找出来,最后将问题一一对应,全部解决!

这些就是我一路考到专八的阅读题经验,方法交给你了,接下来就是多多练习,只有多练才能练到炉火纯青的地步,最后做阅读题简直是轻松+愉快!
好了,说了这么多,希望对你有所帮助!

❼ 高考英语阅读理解怎么做

课堂要求:培养分析篇章结构的能力
信息的整体输入是让学生通过观看课文录像,整体感知阅读材料,领略文章大意当然也不能忽略句子水平上的教学。语篇与句子之间存在着有机的联系,语篇水平上的教学与句子水平的教学应该结合进行,这样才能有利于阅读能力的提高。
1.字面理解层(Literal comprehension Level):这一层是指读者仅仅理解文章的字面意义,辨认和回想文章大意、细节、事件发生的顺序、人物特征和因果关系等。
2、推论理解层(inferential comprehension):这是读者根据文章的结构,从字里行间推测词义、文章大意、事件发生顺序、细节和人物特征的过程。
3、评论理解层(evaluative comprehension level):这是读者凭借自己的阅读经验和语言能力、分析、评价文章的优劣的过程。如评估信息的确切性,事件发生的可能性以及证明事实的可信性等。
上述阅读理解的三大层次有助于我们认识它们在阅读过程中相互间的关系和作用。字面理解层主要依靠语法能力或语言能力完成;推论理解层主要依靠阅读技巧和语言能力来完成;而评价理解层则是读者与作者的观点融合的过程。
掌握基本的英语词汇和语法结构的语言知识和一定的语言文化背景知识 ,是培养和提高阅读能力的前提.
解决途径:阅读各类英语读物可以帮助扩大词汇量加深对英语的认识、了解英语国家的文化
阅读要求:阅读不应以解题为目的,但读者应该带着问题去谈;阅读的过程中不要查阅词典,遇到生词时应该尽力推断其含义,如果推断不出,且词生词为不可不知的关键词,则读完文章后统一解决并背诵下来必要时还得复习同一词在其它句、文中的用法,通过接近联想,对比联想语言点,成为知识链,进而形成知识的网络。运用关键词对文学材料的主要内容和结构进行改写或复述。学生可以以阅读评价标准来衡量自己是否做到了这几点:
When and where does the story take place?
Who are the people in the story?
What are the problems?
What does the main character want to do?
What happens?
How does it end?
应拿出难度适中的一些文章“精读”,从词句到段到整个语篇进行仔细推敲,在阅读的基础上扩大词汇量。
利用课前5分钟,坚持每天一篇阅读训练
多读、多背、多用,注意分析积累,是提高英语阅读能力的惟一途径。
考试中的阅读技巧
掌握每种类型题目解题的方法,理顺思路,这样才能有利于他们在训练中及时反馈,提高解题的针对性,真正提高解题的能力。
学习和了解文章的结构
阅读理解文章的体裁主要有三类:叙述文、说明文和议论文。下面我们结合2000年12月份的大学英语四级考试真题来具体说明如何利用文章的结构特点来达到阅读的目的。
文章的写作方式上来看,一般都以记叙文和说明文为主。记叙文可分为传记类和故事类。
初级记叙类:通过时间线索与文中提及的事件连接起来
通过上述活动,既能帮助学生迅速抓住文章的主要内容,又有帮助他们记忆文章中的一些细节,还可以减轻他们复述课文的难度,而且还能学到传纪类文章的写作方法。
1、叙述文
叙述文一般以讲述个人生活经历为主,对于经历的陈述通常由一定的时间概念贯穿其中,或顺序或倒序。但是四级考试中一般不出现单纯的叙述文,因为单纯的叙述文比较简单、易懂。所以四级考试中的叙述文大多是夹叙夹议的文章。这类文章的基本结构模式是:
1) 用一段概括性的话引入要叙述的经历(话题)
2) 叙述先前的经历(举例1)及其感悟或发现
3) 叙述接下来的经历(举例2)及其感悟或发现
4) 做出总结或结论
只要理解了这类文章的结构特点解答问题就相当简单,因为这类文章后的阅读理解试题大多是和文章的内容先后顺序一致的细节题。
说明文的一般结构模式和叙述文的结构模式有相通之处即:提出问题(或以一个事例引出问题)---- (专家)发现直接原因----- 分析深层原因-----得出结论或找到出路。
知道了类似的文章结构特点,就可以据此来进行考题预测。就能判断出几个问题中肯定有一个要问原因,还有可能要出现推断题。
2.议论文
我们大家最容易辨认出来的议论文模式是主张---反主张模式。在这一模式中,作者首先提出一种普遍认可的观点或某些人认可的主张或观点,然后进行澄清,说明自己的主张或观点,或者说提出反主张或真实情况。
议论文的这种结构特点决定了它的主要题型是作者观点态度题,文章主旨题以及推理判断题。只要发现了这种结构特点,解答问题的主要任务就变成了到段落内找答案, 基本上不存在任何困难。
通过研究以上的文章结构特点,我们不难发现,在四级考试阅读理解中无论任何体裁的文章都遵循着这样一个共同的模式:提出话题(观点或事例)---- 用事例分析原因(或批驳观点)------得出结论。 对文章结构特点的把握有助于读者更加自觉地关注文章的开始和结尾,分清观点和事例,从而在四级考试的阅读理解中准确定位,快速答题。
3.细读题目
细读题目,审视它们针对什么提出问题。文章较短,可以先读文章,后看思考题。若文章较长,为了能迅速抓住要点,也可先浏览思考题,然后带着问题去读文章,这样,对文章的印象更深,能加深理解要点.
4.确定中心思想
在确定文章的中心思想时,要求学生重视阅读文章的首句和末句,但也有一些文章,中心思想常常贯穿在全文中,因此要求学生综观全文对段落的内容要融会贯通,对文章有个透彻的理解。
我们应当把标题默念一两遍,想象文章的内容和走向,这样有利于对文章的理解,提高做题的效率。
(1)找出主题句,了解英语段落的组成
说明文和议论文的段落一般都有主题句,而且大多位于每段的开头(少数情况位于段落末尾或中间)
一个完整的段落总是表达一个中心内容或主题,其通常可以用一句话来概括,即主题句。在说明文或议论文中,段落通常有四部分组成:主题句,整个段落的核心;发展句,对中心意思作进一步说明或描述,是整个段落的主体;过渡句,起承上启下的作用;结论句,对内容进行归纳,起强调主题作用。
抓住每句的关键词,特别是谓语动词,抓住了谓语动词(包括其宾语和附属成分),也就抓住了句子的脉络,也就能迅速地理解整个句子;另外,要注意识别代词,如it,this,they,those,one等,根据上下文判断其指代内容;注意识别省略成分,明确省略内容;注意识别逻辑用语(如:at first,for example, then等),从而准确理解全文的篇章结构;注意识别语法过渡词(如:already,ago,often等)、语气转折词(如:but,while,yet等)及时态等把握文脉
6.正确对待生词
阅读文章时,理解词义是基础。遇到忘记或根本不认识的单词或一时看不懂的语言点,不要马上停下来,应先做个记号放置一边,继续读下去,通过上下文或构词法大胆猜测生词的含义,通过分析语法结构推敲语句的语义,以加快阅读速度,提高阅读理解的能力。
1).根据语境,猜词悟义
但如果课内课文同一个生词在阅读中多次出现,则可求助于字典。
猜词悟义不仅应用于课外阅读,而且可用于课文教学。让学生先读课文,再学生词,有利于阅读能力的培养。
2).根据构词法
3).运用归纳法(敏特)
利用语境,分析句子结构的关系,结合常识来推测词的意义,如同位语关系、反义关系、因果关系等,对文章句子理解的基础上猜测词义,加强阅读理解的能力巩固掌握所学语法知识。语法是语言的组织规律,是关于词形变化和组词成句的规则。熟练掌握和运用语法知识,如时态、语态、语气,从句等
4).定义法
文中常用解释性词语引出生词含义,如to be,to be called, to call, that is,mean,in other words 等。有时也以同位语,定语从句的形式出现,或用破折号、括号来表示。
5).对比法。
在 but, however, yet, otherwise, though这些表示转折意义的连词出现的句子中,其前后的次有明显的对比关系。根据已知的内容,通过这种对比关系,就很容易猜出生词的意义了。
6).生活常识法
7).因果猜测法。
Because, since, as连接原因状语从句,so, so…that, such…that连接结果状语从句,通过前因后果的对比,依据已知部分,往往能猜出生词的意义。
8).and, or等词连接的两个词、词组或短语在句中是属于同意范畴的,作用也相同,因此可以推出其中新单词的意义。
9).例证法。
根据列举的事例可以新单词的意义。例如:I have a toothache. I need to go to the dentist.从toothache不难猜出dentist 为“牙科医生”。
10).注意连词
连词是阅读中必须注意的一个重要方面。首先,它反映了句与句各层次意思之间的逻辑关系,如时间、因果、条件、让步等等。其次,它显示了文章思路的发展和段落组织的不同方法。
11).标点符号(如破折号、冒号都表示解释和说明)
12).利用同义词、反义词进行猜测:
一些常见的标志词语有or, like , similarly等,例如:Mr Smith loves to talk, and his wife is similarly loquacious.史密斯先生很健谈,他的妻子也同样好说。
很显然,similarly是个语境线索,他暗示loquacious意为love to talk。而一些反义词是揭示事物的不同点,形成鲜明的对比,以增强表达效果。常见的反义词语境线索有:yet, but, unlike, however, although, while, not…but…,instead of…,on the other hand, on the contrary, by contrast, rather than等。
例如:a:Written language tends to be static, while spoken language constantly changes.书面语言是稳定的,而口头语言则经常变化。
b:If you agree, write“yes”,if you dissent, write “no”,显然前者表示肯定,后者表示否定;由此推知dissent 是 agree的反义词,即“不赞成”。
13).联系上、下文,结合常识进行推断.
掌握具体事实和重要细节,变章确定了要表达的中心思想后,还必须通过许多细节的信息来进一步解释或表达主题,体现中心思想,掌握这些细节是归纳概括文章中心思想的基础,对于理解全文的作用是不容忽视的,阅读文章时,要求学生养成辩动和记忆具体事实、重要细节的习惯,这些具体事实、重要细节是主题句的扩展、补充说明或例证,是用来支持说明中心思想的重要观点.
14)逻辑推理
逻辑推理是深层理解的主要方法。根据文章提供的信息和自己已有的知识,理解并归纳出作者的立场、观点、感情和写作目的。通过提高逻辑分析能力以及培养语篇宏观语境的推断能力和想象力,从而提高阅读理解能力。逻辑推理,挖掘深层内涵利用平常积累的词语的辨析和感情色彩
7.按意群阅读
按意群阅读是提高阅读速度的关键。将文章划分为多个意群,从语篇的整体着眼,提高学生对整篇文章的概括力。如名词有复数形式,有所有格形式,动词有现在分词、过去时和过去分词。形容词有比较级和最高级形式。一些词有其固定的用法,如介词后面要跟名词或代词作宾语,冠词后面是名词,情态动词后面接动词原形,连词前后词性和句式要保持一致。掌握了这些特点,一方面巩固了基础知识,阅读时就可以以句子为单位,分清意群之间的关系,达到整体理解整体阅读,从而提高阅读速度和准确率。
8.阅读应避免的问题:a.慢读b.指读c.声读d心读
克服心读的有效方法就是有意识地控制阅读时间,让学生将阅读速度加快到超过最快的讲话速度,使学生没有时间去念每个单词的音。
f.回视
一要先做一些较为简单的阅读材料,使他们觉得难度适中,树立读懂的信心。二要使学生不断地自我提醒,克服这一坏习惯。
g.心译
认识到阅读英语时用英语思维模式(英语→英语)理解所阅读内容的重要性,并在平时阅读中自觉去克服方可奏效。
h.过多地依赖工具书
克服这一习惯的方法是让学生学会猜测,掌握猜词的技巧,利用上下文意思、构词法、同义、反义、定义、解释等技巧得到词的意思。
9.细读文章
细读文章,掌握具体事实和重要细节内容。特别注意文中的人名、年龄、时间、地点、日期、年代、数字等。出题人有时故意在不同人的不同事件上做文章,有时故意将时间地点颠倒,把数字搞混等。因此,要有意留心这些细节,可边读边用铅笔作些标记,要逐步养成辨认和记忆重要细节的阅读习惯。
10.热身活动
在考前的一周,对学生进行考前热身活动,帮助他们培养耐力,克服焦虑情绪。

❽ 高三,高考英语阅读理解要怎么做才能保证很高准确率

平时要多做阅读练习,在练习中提高阅读解题能力,阅读的材料还是以真题为主,不要在细节甚至语法上面花时间,关键是把握文章的大体结构,作者所持的态度等等.问到细节了再回原文定位.类比反义如果没有把握拿非常高的分数的话,阅读最好不要放弃。 其次要提高阅读的速度: 提高英语阅读的速度,靠的不是一日之功,通常需要相当长一段时间的学习及训练。但过,加强英文基础训练、掌握必要的测试技巧和鄙弃一些坏习惯,都会有助于考生们阅读文章是加快速度。 2.英语完形填空应试技巧:)~~ “完形填空”题旨在测试学生综合运用英语的能力,做此题必须通篇考虑,掌握大意,综合运用所学词汇、语法及常识进行判断推理。解此类题主要从以下四步做起: 1.重视首句,把握开篇。完形填空一般无标题,首句一般不留空白,是完整的一句,全文信息从此开始。细读首句,可判断文章体裁,预测全文大意和主旨。 2. 速读全文,掌握大意。速读全文要一气呵成,尽管有空格、生词或不明白的地方,仍要快速读下去。读时要注意找出关键词、中心词,划出某些代表人物和情节的词,以便于形成思路。要注意不要在未掌握大意的基础上,边阅读,边做题,这样速度慢、准确率低。 3. 瞻前顾后,灵活答题。“瞻前顾后”,即先读所填词的句子,回顾上一句,兼顾下一句。如果一句中有两个空白待填,在初定答案时要“双管齐下”,在两处同时试填,然后通读全句,确定答案。答题方法:1)择优法:根据文章及结构边读边填,如果能够立刻判定最佳答案的,不必再去逐个考证其余答案。2)排除法:如答案一时难以确定,可按空格位置,从语法结构、词语搭配、上下文语境、习惯用法、词义辨析等方面,对选项逐项分析试填。排除干扰项,从而确定正确答案。 4.复核全文,调整答案。把填好的短文通读一遍,进行核查同时注意以下三点: 1.上下文的一致性:即时态语态的一致;代词、名词、单复数的一致。 2.从语法和惯用法及习惯搭配、甚至语感入手,看是否符合上下文的逻辑。 3.段与段、句与句之间的衔接是否连贯。 提高英语完形填空水平 一、完形填空题的特点: 1、完形填空(Cloze Test)是在一篇200字左右的短文中,留出25个空格,让考生从题目提供的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,使补足后的短文意思通顺、前后连贯、结构完整。考生在答题时应通篇考虑,掌握大意,综合运用有关知识。 2、完形填空题把英语知识与英语运用有机地结合在一起,把短文任意填空和单项选择填空两种题型的优点集中在一起,以“完形”的方式考查学生的综合运用语言知识的实际能力。这样不仅考查了学生的英语知识,还考查了学生的快速阅读能力,阅读理解能力,逻辑判断能力。答题时,要做到单句理解与语篇理解的统一,语言知识与语言能力的统一。 3、完形填空题中单纯考查语法知识和词汇知识的试题几乎不复存在,绝大多数考题的四个选项在语法和词语搭配上都无懈可击,有的在意义上很接近,有的从其所处的句子或短落而言难辨是否,然而结合具体的语言环境,却只有一个最佳答案。此外,考查点大都集中在实词上,尤其是动词、名词、代词、形容词、副词等。这些词的本身具有时间、地点、人物、动作、感情等意义。虚词,如冠词、连词、介词等则占较小的比例。 近几年高考英语“完形填空”试题各选项词类统计。 动词 名词 形容词 副词 连词 代词 介词 1994 2 9 4 1 2 0 2 1995 6 6 2 2 1 0 3 1996 10 3 6 2 1 0 0 1997 13 9 0 1 1 0 1 二、完形填空题解题步骤 第一步,通读全文,了解文章大意,获得整体印象。通读全文包括短文和各个选择项,同时初选出一批较有把握的答案。此时不必为某个选择项停下来长久思考。 第二步,在第一遍通读全文了解中心大意及初选后,第二步即可边核对初选答案边补填留下的空格。如果短文难度较大,则可复读几遍,同时核对和确定答案。有些空格一时决定不了,不必死扣住不放,可在试卷上打个记号,待复查时再确定。 第三步,复查定稿。此时应从整体理解角度出以,仔细审核复一个答案,确保意义上、语法上没有错误,同时对遗留下来的少数几个空格作最后选择。 三、完形填空题的解题技巧 1、前后照应。完形填空题有时提供的几个选择项孤立地从一个句子看或是从一个段落看似乎都可以,但需要从整篇文章上下文结合起来看,才能选出正确答案。在作出选择时,一定要前后照应,时刻不离开上下文。而且随着对短文的理解逐步深入,对已作出的选择进行必要的修正。 2、筛选排除。和试卷其余部分的选择题一样,完形填空题也可采取此法,即把语法上、意义上、逻辑上明显不合理的选项先剔除,这样就缩小选择面,保证选题的准确性。 3、合理推理。有些选项语法上没有问题,意义上十分接近,区分难度较大。这就需要根据上下文、思维规律及一般常识来进行判断推理。 4、意形兼顾。选择答案时,既要注意语法又要兼顾意思。选择中往往有一些似是而非的东西,稍不留意就会作出错误的选择。参考资料:

❾ 高考英语阅读理解怎样做

问题太笼来统了, 现在高考自英语阅读的类型分为:传统四选一,完型填空和阅读回答问题,不知道你要问的是哪一个类型。其实阅读的占比很大,建议学生扩大阅读量,尤其注意心理类,医学和经济类的文章,是高考的主要考点。具体做题方法在此不赘述,一言难尽。。。
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