2010 北京卷 D 段
The Cost of Higher Ecation_免费的大学教育不合理
Indivials should pay for their higher ecation.
A university ecation is of huge and direct benefit to the indivial. Graates earn more than non-graates. Meanwhile, social mobility is ever more dependent on having a degree. However, only some people have it. So the indivial, not the taxpayers, should pay for it. There are pressing calls on the resources of the government. Using taxpayers' money to help a small number of people to earn high incomes in the future is not one of them.
Full government funding is not very good for universities. Adam Smith worked in a Scottish university whose teachers lived off student fees. He knew and looked down upon 18th-century Oxford, where the academics lived comfortably off the income received from the government. Guaranteed salaries, Smith argued, were the enemy of hard work; and when the academics were lazy and incompetent, the students were similarly lazy.
If students have to pay for their ecation, they not only work harder, but also demand more from their teachers. And their teachers have to keep them satisfied. If that means taking teaching seriously, and giving less time to their own research interests, that is surely something to celebrate.
Many people believe that higher ecation should be free because it is good for the economy. Many graates clearly do contribute to national wealth, but so do all the businesses that invest and create jobs. If you believe that the government should pay for higher ecation because graates are economically proctive, you should also believe that the government should pay part of business costs. Anyone promising to create jobs should receive a gift of capital from the government to invest.
Therefore, it is the indivial, not the government who should pay for their university ecation.
Anadventurer who became the first person to fly across the English Channel on aclusterof balloons has launched a house into the sky just like inthe hit movie Up-in reparation for a more ambitious journey and a new record．
FearlessTrappe，from North Carolina，stepped into the cartoon themed home before flying above the LeonInternational Balloon Festival in Mexico more than a week ago．
The38-year-old Trappe was using the event as a warm-up for his plannedtrans-Atlantic flight scheled for next summer．He aims to complete the 2，500-mile journey in a seven-foot lifeboat carried by 365 huge heliumballoons．
Thebrave man is learning to sail a lifeboat，in case he needs to ditch intothe ocean ring the danger-filled adventure．
Hesill fly at between 18，000 feet and 25，000 feet，beating his previous world altituderecord of 21，600 feet，and must fly uninterrupted a distance ten times longer than his previousworld record of 230 miles in order to succeed．
Theadventurer Trappe，who holds records forcrossing the Alps，flying the most clusterballoons，and the longest distance，has spent his entire career，building up to thisambitious plan．
“Ididn’t wake up one day and think：‘I’ going to fly acrossthe Atlantic，’”he said．“Every attempt before this was prepared for this fight，I’ve been training for a long time”．
1．The adventurer flew acrossthe English Channel to__________．
A．test the balloons B．launch a house
C．shoot a hit movie D．prepare for breaking a record
2．To finish the journey，he will fly a distance of__________．
A．2500 miles B．18，000 feet C．25，000 feet D．230 miles
3．About the ambitiousjourney，which is NOT mentioned in thepassage?
A．When he will fly B．How high he sill fly
C．How far he will fly D．How long it will take him
4．How many world recordsdoes Jonathan hold?
A．Two B．Three C．Four D．Five
5．What does he lastparagraph imply?
A．Trappe can’t sleepworrying about the adventure
B．Trappe was born to set world records
C．Trappe always keeps his ambition in mind
D．Trappe never thought of crossing the Atlanticbefore
Everyday we go to school and listen to the teacher，and the teacher will askus some questions．Sometimes，the classmates will ask your opinions of the work of the class．When you are telling others in the class what you have found out aboutthese topics，remember that they must be able tohear what you are saying．You are not taking part ina family conversation or having a chat with friends---you are in a slightlyunnatural situation where a large group of people will remain silent，waiting to hear what you have to say．You must speak so thatthey can hear you---loudly enough and clearly enough but without trying toshout or appearing to force yourself．
Remember，too，that it is the same if you are calledto an interview whether it is with a professor of your school or a governmentofficial who might meet you．The person you are seeingwill try to put you at your ease but the situation is somewhat different fromthat of a ordinary conversation．You must take special carethat you can be heard．
1．When you speak to theclass，you should speak ______．
A．as slowly as possible B．in a low voice C．loudly D．forcefully
2．Usually，when you speak to the class，the class is _______．
A．noisy B．quiet C．having a rest D．serious
3 The situation in the class is ______ that in yourhouse．
A．not very different from B．sometimes the same as
C．sometimes not the same as D．not the same as
4．If you are having aconversation with an official，the most important thingfor you is ______．
A．to show your ability B．to be very gentle
C．to make sure that you can be heard D．to put the official at ease
5．The main idea of thispassage is ______．
A．that we should talk indifferent ways in different situations
B．that we must speak loudly
C．that we must keep silent at any time
D．that we must talk with the class
About21，000 young people in 17 Americanstates do not attend classes in school buildings．
Instead，they receive their elementary and high school ecation by working athome on computers．The Center for EcationReform says the United States has 67 public “cyberschools．” and that is about twice as many as two years ago．
The money for students to attend a cyberschoolcomes from the governments of the states where they live．Some ecators say cyberschools receive money that should supporttraditional public schools．They also say it isdifficult to know if students are learning well．
Other ecators praise this new form of ecation for letting studentswork at their own speed．These people saycyberschools help students who were unhappy or unsuccessful in traditionalschools．They say learning at home by computerends long bus rides for children who live far from school．
Whatever the judgement of cyberschools，they are getting more andmore popular．For example，a new cyberschool called Commonwealth Connections Academy will take instudents this fall．It will serve children inthe state of Pennsylvania from ages five through thirteen．
Children get free equipment for their online ecation．This includes a computer，a printer，books and technical services．Parents and students talkwith teachers by telephone or by sending emails through their computers whennecessary．
Students at cyberschools usually do not know one another．But 56 such students who finished studies at Western Pennsylvania CyberCharter School recently met for the first time．They were guests of honorat their graation．
1．What do we know from thetext about students of a cyberschool？
A．They have to take long bus rides toschool．
B．They study at home rather than inclassrooms．
C．They receive money from traditionalpublic schools．
D．They do well in traditional schoolprograms．
2．What is a problem withcyberschools？
A．Their equipment costs a lot of money．
B．They get little support from thestate government．
C．It is hard to know students' progressin learning．
D．The students find it hard to makefriends．
3．Cyberschools are gettingpopular became _______．
A．they are less expensivefor students
B．their students can work at their own speed
C．their graates are moresuccessful in society
D．they serve students in a wider age range
4．We can infer that theauthor of the text is _______．
A．unprejudiced in hisdescription of cyberschools
B．excited about the future ofcyberschools
C．doubtful about the qualityof cyberschoois
D．disappointed at the development ofcyberschools
瞻前顾后 复现 透过已知信息
同现：Speed dating is….You need to find the possible within 3 minutes.
A. friends B. partners C. colleagues D. relatives
复现：Olympic Games are held every four years at a different site.,…. …...In selecting the site of the Olympic Games,
P原则：In 1999, the price of oil hovered around ＄16 a barrel. By 2008, it had crossed the ＄100 a barrel mark.
a. come b. gone c. crossed d. arrived
这一题，动词x的partner 为the mark。暗示x为及物动词。
( A )
“ Fire! Fire!” What terrible words to hear when one wakes up in a strange house in the middle of the night! It was a large, old, wooden house and my room was on the top floor. I jumped out of bed, opened the door and stepped outside the house. There was full of thick smoke.
I began to run, but as I was still only half-awake, instead of going towards the stairs I went in the opposite direction. The smoke grew thicker and I could see fire all around. The floor became hot under my bare feet. I found an open door and ran into a room to get to the window. But before I could reach it, one of my feet caught in something soft and I fell down. The thing I had fallen over felt like a bundle of clothes, and I picked it up to protect my face from the smoke and heat. Just then the floor gave way under me and I crashed to the floor below with pieces of burning wood all around me.
I saw a doorway in fire, then I put the bundle over my face and ran. My feet burned me terrible, but I got through. As I reached the cold air outside, my bundle of clothes gave a thin cry, I nearly dropped it in my surprise. Then I was in a crowd gathered in the street. A woman in a night-dress and a borrowed man’s coat screamed as she saw me and came running madly.
She was the Mayor’s wife, and I had saved her baby.
26. When the fire arose in the middle of the night, the author was _______.
A. at home B. sleeping C. sitting in bed D. both A and B
27.The author saved the baby _____.
A. because he was very brave.
B. because he liked the baby very much.
C. but he just happened to save it.
D. because it was the Mayor’s baby.
28. He ran in the wrong direction because he _______.
A. was a stranger there B. could see nothing
C. was not completely awake D. Both A and C
29.He put the bundle over his face and ran in order to ______.
A. save the baby B. call for help
C. protect his face D. run quickly
30. Form which group of words, we can learn the fire took place out of people’s surprise?
A. old and wooden house, a bundle
B. crashed to, fell down
C. terrible, half-awake
D. bare feet, a borrowed man’s coat
( B )
Light travels at a speed which is about a million times faster than the speed of sound. In one second, light travels about 300,000 km, but sound travels only 344m. You can get some idea of this difference by watching the start of a race. If you stand some distance away from the starter, you can see smoke come from his gun before the sound reaches your ears. This great speed of light proces (产生) some strange facts. Sunlight takes about 8 minutes to reach us. If you look at the light of the moon tonight, remember that the light rays（光线）left the moon 1.3 seconds before they reached you. The nearest star is so far away that the light which you can see from it tonight started to travel towards you four years ago at a speed of nearly 2 million km per minute. In some cases（在某种情况下）the light from one of tonight’s stars started on its journey to you before you were born.
Thus, if we want to be honest, we cannot say “ The stars are shinning tonight.” We have to say, “ The stars look pretty. They were shining four years ago but their light has only just reached Earth.”
31. If you stand 200 meters away from a man who is firing a gun to start a race, you will find out that _____.
A. you can hear the gun before you see the smoke.
B. sound does not travel as fast as light.
C. the sound of the gun will reach you before the man fires his gun.
D. sound travels about a million times faster than light.
32. .Sunlight clearly _____ than the light of the moon.
A. has to travel a greater distance
B. moves less quickly
C. travels much more quickly
D. is less powerful
33. What does “ it” in the second paragraph refer to?
A. moon light B. light rays C. the nearest star D. the moon
34. The scientific way of saying “ The stars are shining tonight” should be________.
A. the stars have been shining all the time.
B. the stars seen tonight will be shining four years later.
C. the stars were shining long ago but are seen tonight.
D. the starlight seen today could be seen four years ago.
35. The light of the nearest star you see tonight has been ______ for years.
A. on the earth B. on the moon
C. away from the sun D. away from the star
26-30: BCDCD 31-35: BACCD
Almost no young people today know who the cartoon character Oswald the Rabbit is, but they certainly recognize his successor, Bugs Bunny. Oswald, Bugs, and hundreds of other characters were created by Walt Disney, perhaps the most famous cartoonist in history.
Born in Chicago in 1901, Walt Disney always wanted to be an artist. After returning from World War I, in which he drove an ambulance, Disney worked as a commercial artist. He enjoyed drawing cartoons more than anything else, and decided to try his hand at a technology that was new at the time, moving pictures.
In the 1920’s, he proced several films where he made cartoon characters move as if by magic. The technique Disney used was painstaking. He made hundreds or even thousands of repeated drawings of the same character. In each drawing, the character was changed just a bit. A film was taken of the series of drawings, and when it was shown, the characters appeared to move. The process, called animation, is still used today, although computers have made the process much easier.
In 1928, Disney created his most famous character, Mortimer Mouse, who we know today as Mickey. The mouse starred in a cartoon called Steamboat Willie, which was unusual because it involved the use of a sound track. Within the next few years, Disney invented many of his other characters.
The list of Disney’s animation successes is long and memorable. It includes Pinocchio, Dumbo, Bambi, Cinderella, and Peter Pan. Perhaps his most remarkable animated film is Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Created in 1937, it was an immediate success. Today, more than fifty years later, it is still one of the most popular films for children.
56. What is one of the chief differences between animation today and in Walt Disney’s early years?
A. More people like animated movies. B. Fewer people like animated movies.
C. Computers have made the job easier. D. Computers have made the job harder.
57. Which of these words best describes Walt Disney?
A. Creative. B. Athletic. C. Exciting. D. Quiet.
58. What makes the film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs so remarkable?
A. It was a little success when created.
B. It took more than a year to make it.
C. It was made at a time when there were no computers.
D. It has remained popular for more than fifty years.
59. The author of this passage would probably agree that ______.
A. Oswald the Rabbit is well-known today
B. Walt Disney is a remarkable person
C. animation is an easy technique
D. cartoons move by magic
60. What does the underlined word “painstaking” (in Paragraph 3) probably mean?
A. Something that hurts because it involves hard work.
B. Taking a long time and involving much hard work.
C. Requiring a lot of effort, like running a marathon.
D. Requiring many fine tools, such as pens and pencils.
61. The secret of animation is to _______.
A. make drawings that are exactly the same, then film them
B. choose names for characters that make people remember them
C. combine music, voices, and sound effects with pictures
D. make a film of many drawings that change just a little