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人教版八上英语第五单元语法

发布时间:2021-01-25 00:49:31

㈠ 人教版英语八年级上册第五单元词组(英汉) 整理

4到6单元的重点词组和句型一起给你,希望对你英语学习有帮助。望采纳!Unit 4 — Unit 6一. 词组部分
1. how far 多远3. have a quick breakfast 很快的吃早饭 5. ride his bicycle 骑自行车7. school bus 校车 9 . be different from 与...不同 11. a small number of 一小部分...13. come over 顺便来访15. more than 超出 17. be good at 擅长... 19. as you see 正如你所见 21. make sb. laugh 让某人发笑 23. last letter 上一封信25. do a survey about 做一个...调查 2. depend on 依赖4. leave for school 动身去学校6. bus station 车站8. other parts of the world 世界其他地方10. means of transportation 交通方式12. be ill in hospital 生病住院14. the day after tomorrow 后天16. in common 共有(的),公有(的)18. primary school 小学20. look different 看上去不同22. opposite views 相反意见24. swimming pool 游泳池26. different kinds of 不同种类的

二. 句型部分1. How long does it take? 那要多久?/ 那要花多长时间?2. It takes about 25 munutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus. 那要步行25分钟然后再坐10分钟的公交车。3. His home is about 10 kilometers from school. 他家离学校有10公里的路程。4. How long does it take you to get from home to school. 从你家到学校要多长时间? 5. How do students around the world get to school? 世界各地的学生都什么怎么去上学的?6. In other parts of the world, things are different. 在世界其他的地方,情况/事情会不一样。7. In China, it depends on where you are. 在中国,那取决于你在什么地方(居住)。8. Other parts of the world are different from the United States. 世界上其他一些地方和美国不同。9. In China, bikes and buses are the most popular means of transportation. 在中国,自行车和公共汽车是最流行的交通方式。10. If you have a problem, you can ask a policeman for help. 如果你遇到问题,你可以向警察求助。11. As you can see, in some ways we look the same, and in some ways we look different. 正如你所见到的,在有些方面我们一样,而有些方面我们是不同的。12. We both like sports. 我们都很喜欢运动。13. Liu li has more than one sister. 刘丽不止有一个姐姐。14. Li Lin and Liu Ying have some things in common. 刘丽和刘颖有许多共同点。15. Liu Ying is not as good at soprts as her sister. 刘颖的体育不如她的姐姐好。16. Some friends have opposite views and interests, and some like the same things. 有些朋友的观点和兴趣都不同,也有些有很多相同的东西。17. It’s not necessary to be the same. (我们)没有必要都一样。18. I like to have friends who are different from me. 我喜欢我的朋友和我不一样。19. I don’t think differences are important in a friendship. 我不认为不同点在友谊里很重要。20. She can keep a secret — that’s important to me. 她可以保守秘密——这对我很重要。21. Some people say that we look alike. 有些人说我们长的很像。22. Some students like cars because they are safer than bikes. 一些学生喜欢车,因为车比自行车更安全。23. However, not many people can afford a car. 尽管如此,不是很多人都买得起车

㈡ 人教版八年级上册英语各单元语法

1--4单元
初二英语语法总结
1) leave的用法
1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:
When did you leave Shanghai?
你什么时候离开上海的?
2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:
Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.
下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。
3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:
Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?
你为什么要离开上海去北京?
2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用
should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如:
How should I know? 我怎么知道?
Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?
should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如:
We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。
我们在使用时要注意以下几点:
1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。例如:
You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。
2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如:
You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。
3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:
We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。
She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。
3) What...? 与 Which...?
1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问职业。如:
What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的?
该句相当于:
What does your father do?
What is your father's job?
Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如:
---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?
---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。
2. What...?是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...?是特指,所指的事物有范围的限制。如:
What color do you like best? (所有颜色)
你最喜爱什么颜色?
Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? (有特定的范围)
你最喜爱哪一种颜色?
3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:
Which pictures are from China?
哪些图片来自中国?
4) 频度副词的位置
1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:
always(总是,一直) usually(通常) often(常常,经常) sometimes(有时候) never(从不)
2.频度副词的位置:
a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如:
David is often arrives late for school. 大卫上学经常迟到。
b.放在行为动词前。如:
We usually go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天经常在7:10去上学。
c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如:
Sometimes I walk home, sometime I rides a bike. 有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。
3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如:
Never have I been there.
5) every day 与 everyday
1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:
We go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天7:10去上学。
I decide to read English every day. 我决定每天读英语。
2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。
She watches everyday English on TV after dinner. 她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。
What's your everyday activity? 你的日常活动是什么?
6) 什么是助动词
1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。
助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如:
He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。
(doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)
2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:
a. 表示时态,例如:
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
b. 表示语态,例如:
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
c. 构成疑问句,例如:
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?
Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗?
d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:
I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。
e. 加强语气,例如:
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would
7) forget doing/to do与remember doing/to do
1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)
forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)
The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.
办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)
He forgot turning the light off.
他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)
Don't forget to come tomorrow.
别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)
典型例题
---- The light in the office is still on.
---- Oh,I forgot___.
A. turning it off B. turn it off
C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。
2.remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)
remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)
Remember to go to the post office after school. 记着放学后去趟邮局。
Don't you remember seeing the man before? 你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.
1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible等:
It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。
It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
3.for 与of 的辨别方法:
用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:
You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。
He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)
9) 对两个句子的提问
新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:
句子:The boy in blue has three pens.
提问:1.Who has three pens?
2.Which boy has three pens?
3.What does the boy in blue have?
4.How many pens does the boy in blue have?
很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:
句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.
提问:1.Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
2.Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
3.What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
4.With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?
5.What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday?
6.When does he usually go to the park with his friends?
10) so、such与不定冠词的使用
1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a/an+名词”。如:
He is so funny a boy.
Jim has so big a house.
2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a/an+形容词+名词”。如:
It is such a nice day.
That was such an interesting story.
11) 使用-ing分词的几种情况
1.在进行时态中。如:
He is watching TV in the room.
They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
2.在there be结构中。如:
There is a boy swimming in the river.
3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:
We have fun learning English this term.
They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
4.在介词后面。如:
Thanks for helping me.
Are you good at playing basketball.

Unit 5
come to 来到
have /take a piano lesson 上一节钢琴课
would love to…愿意…一
too much太多
play soccer踢足球
go to the doctor去看医生,去看病
study for a test 准备考试
have to不得不;必须
the day after tomorrow 后天
the science report科学报告
1.Can you come to my party on Wednesday?
你星期三能来参加我的晚会吗?
2.Sorry。I can't.I have a piano lesson.
对不起,我不能。我要上钢琴课。
3.Sure.I'd love to.当然,我愿意。
4.I'm playing soccer.我在踢足球。
5.I have too much homework(to do) this weekend .这个周末我有太多家庭作业(要做)。
6.I have to go to the doctor.我得去看医生。
7.On Thursday,I'm studying for a test.周四,我要备考。
8.I can't join you because I have to help my mom? 我不能参加,因为我要帮我妈妈干活。
9.I'm having a piano lesson the day after tomorrow?后天我要上钢琴课。
10.Can you come over to my house to discuss the science report':你能来我家讨论这份科学报告吗?
Unit 6
be outgoing爱抛头露面
short hair短发
more athletic更健美
as…as同……一样…
the same as 同……一样
lots of许多
look the same看起来一样
be good at /do well in 擅长 …
make sb.1augh使……发笑
3 centimeters taller高了三厘米
1.I'm more outgoing than my sister.我比我妹妹更爱出风头。
2.He has shorter hair than Sam.他的头发比山姆的短。
3.Tom is more athletic than Sam.汤姆比山姆更健美。
4.Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister.刘莹不如她姐姐擅长体育。
5.Both girls go to lots of parties.两个女孩都参加了许多晚会。
6.In some ways we look the same,and in some ways we look different?在某些方面,我们看起来一样,在某些方面,我们看起来不同。
7.My good friend is good at schoolwork.我的好朋友爱好干学校事务。
8.I think a good friend makes me laugh.我认为好朋友会使我发笑。
9.I'm about 3 centimeters taller now.我现在(比以前)高了3厘米。

㈢ 人教版八年级下册英语Unit5的语法

If sb do(does) sth ,sb will do(be) ...

㈣ 人教版八年级所有英语语法

5.Thanks for taking care of my dog.谢谢你照看我的狗。
6.Don't forget to clean his bed.不要忘了清扫他的床。
7.I'm going to work on my English project and then meet my friends. 我要做英语功课,然后见我的朋友。
8.I'm going on vacation tomorrow.明天我要度假。
Unit 12
close to home靠近家的
movie theater影院
comfortable seats舒适的座位
do a survey of做一个调查
play a piano piece弹一支钢琴曲
the price of……的价格
the radio station广播电台
think about考虑
talent show才能展示
boring TV show乏味的电视节目
a 1ot许多
1.What's the best movie theater? 哪个是最好的影院?
2.What is the best radio station? 哪个是最好的广播电台?
3.It has the most comfortable seats.它拥有最舒适的座位。
4.What do young people think about places in town? 年轻人关于镇上的位置是什么看法?
5.We did a survey of our readers.我们做了一个读者涮查。
6.Last week's talent show was a great success.上周的才能展示是一个成功。
7.She played a beautiful piano piece.她演奏了一支优美的钢琴曲。
8.What is the most boring TV show? 最乏味的电视剧是什么7
9.The price of a hotel room is about 320 yuan a night. 一个旅馆房间的价格是每晚320元。
10.There's a lot things to do.有许多事情要做。
Review of units 7一12
make mushroom soup做蘑菇汤
a speech contest一次演讲比赛
live in居住在……
creative job富有创造性的工作
arrive in到达
elementary school小学
funniest movie actor最有意思的电影演员
1.How do you make mushroom soup? 你怎么做蘑菇汤?
2.I won a speech contest.我演讲比赛获胜。
3.Are you going to live in Beijing?你要住在北京吗?
4.No,not an actor,another kind of creative job.不,不是做演员,而是另一种富有创造性的工作。
5.We arrived in Australia 0n August 20th.
我们在八月二十日到达澳大利亚。
6.What is the best elementary school?最好的小学是哪个?
7.Who do you think is the funniest movie actor? 你认为谁是最有意思的电影演员? 下册a pair of一双,一对 ask for 请求 ask sb (not) to do sth叫某人干 agree with赞同 all year round一年到头,全年 all kinds of各种,各样 all the time一直 argue with与争吵 around the world在世界各地 arrive in/at到达 at least至少 at a meeting在开会 at first首先 as…as possible尽可能 as…as象一样 be able to能够 be angry with 生气 be mad at对感到气愤 be good at擅长于 be careful小心 be allowed被允许 be surprised惊讶 be supposed to被期望/被要求 be interested in对感兴趣 break the rule打破规则 by the way顺便 complain about抱怨 come along出现,发生 come true实现,达到 come in进来 cut in line插队 call sb. up打电话给 do/wash the dishes洗碗 drop litter乱扔垃圾 do well in在方面做得好 enjoy /finish doing sth喜欢/完成某事 end up结束 fall in love with爱上 fall asleep入睡 far from远离 first of all首先 fly to飞向 find out找到 …find it adj. to do sth keep…down压低声音 keep out不让进入 look for寻找 look smart 看起来精干 look after照顾 look through浏览 let (sb) in让进 let sbget along相处 get over克服 get annoyed生气 get bored厌烦 get an ecation受教育 get on (well) with与相处(好) get injured受伤 give sb sth/give sth to sb给某人某物 give away赠送 go skating去溜冰 go out of从出去/来 have a fight with与打架/争吵 have a surprise party举行惊讶聚会 have a great/good time玩得愉快 have been to曾到过 hear about/of听说 hundreds of好几百 had better (not) do sth最好做 in a minute一会儿 in 100 years100年后 in good health身体健康 in front of 在前面 in the future 未来,将来 in the front of在前面 in the playground在操场 in/out of style时髦/过时 in silence默默地 in order to目的 in (Russian) style具有俄国风格 in public places在公共场合 It take sb some time to do sth.花费某人时间干某事 the same as与相同 try (not) to do sth尽力(不)干 three quarters四分之三 turn on/off打开/关掉 turn up/down开大/关小 talk to/with与谈话 take care of照顾 take part in参加 take off起飞take away拿走 take place发生 take an interest in对感兴趣 take care (not) to do小心(不)做 thanks for (doing)谢谢(做) wait in line排队等候 want to do sth/would like to do sth 想干 make sb do sth使某人干 make a living (doing sth)谋生 make money赚钱 make friends with与交友 more than多于 need to do sth 需要干 not…anymore不再 not…until直到为止 not at all一点也不 on (my tenth) birthday在(我十岁)生日 on the phone在通话 on the one/other hand在一(另)方面 open up打开 put out熄灭 好不容易收集到的,希望满意(太多拉还有如果需要请加我1413979442)

㈤ 人教版八年级上英语全部知识点、语法

1.形容词和副词的比较级
(1) 一般在形容词或副词后+er
older taller longer stronger, etc
(2) 多音节词前+more
more interesting, etc.
(3) 双写最后一个字母,再+er
bigger fatter, etc.
(4) 把y变i,再+er
heavier, earlier
(5) 不规则变化:
well-better, much/many-more, etc.

2.祈使句:
Sit down please
Don’t sit down, please.

3. there be 结构
肯定句: There is a …
There are …
一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.
Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.
否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….

4.一般现在时:通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。
形式:
肯定句:
I go to school on foot every day.
She goes to school on foot every day.

5.现在进行时:形式: be + verb +ing
eg: I am(not) doing my homework.
You/We/They are(not) reading.
He/She/It is(not) eating.

动词 —ing 的形式
Most verbs +ing walk—walking
Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming
Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming

6.

重点的句型:

1.How many + 复数名词 + are there ...?

此句型是一个特殊疑问句,意思是\"在......有多少......?\"多用来对可数名词的数量提问。How many 后面要接可数名词的复数形式。如:
How many apples are there on the table? 桌子上有多少个苹果?

2.. What about ...?
此句型意思是\"......怎么样?\"、\"......呢?\",通常用来询问情况或征求意见、看法等。其中的about是介词,后面可接名词、代词或动词等。如:
What about that computer? 那台电脑怎么样?
My gloves are red. What about theirs? 我的手套是红色的,他们的呢?
What about playing games after school? 放学后做游戏怎么样?

3. What time is it?/What\'s the time?
英语中,常用这两个句型来询问现在的时间,意思是\"什么时间了?\"或\"几点了?\"其答语一般用\"It\'s + 时间.\"其中的it指代时间,翻译时可不译,常在句尾加上please,以表示委婉的语气。如:
What time is it, please? 请问现在几点了?
-It's about a quarter past ten. 大约十点十五分。

4. What colour + be + 主语?
询问某物的颜色,一般用以What colour 开头的特殊疑问句,其答语通常用\"It\'s/They\'re + 表示颜色的形容词\"。如:
-What colour is her blouse? 她的衬衫是什么颜色的?
-It's light blue. 是浅蓝色的。

5.Whose + 名词 + be + 其它?/Whose + be + 名词?
英语中常用这两个句型来询问某事物属谁所有。如:
Whose cup is that? 那是谁的杯子?
Whose are these photos? 这些照片是谁的?

6. It's time for + sth. /It's time to do sth. / It's time for sb. to do sth.
这个结构意思都是\"该做某事了\",\"到做某事的时候了\"。如:
It's time for school. 到上学的时候了。
It\'s time to have supper. 该吃晚饭了。

7. 选择疑问句:选择疑问句是用or连接询问的两部分,以供选择,答案必须是完整的句子或其省略形式,不能用Yes或No回答
一般提出两种或两种以上的可能,问对方选择哪一种.其结构可用一般疑问句,也可用特殊疑问句.供选择的两部分用or连接,前者读升调,后者读降调.
e.g. Will you go there by bus or by train?
What would you like, coffee or tea?
How many pens do you have, one or two?
选择疑问句的答语必须是完整的句子或其省略式,不能答yes或no.
e.g. Do you go to school by bus or by bike?
By bus.
Which would you like, tea or coffee? Coffee.

一般疑问句演化来的选择疑问句
e.g. Is it right or wrong?
Were you or he there?
Are they reading, chatting or watching TV?
特殊疑问句演化来的选择疑问句
e.g. Which do you like better, coffee or milk?
What color is it, red, blue or yellow?
Where are you going, to the classroom or to the library?
or not构成的选择疑问句
e.g. Do you want to buy it or not?
Are you ready or not

8.另外,“to be + going + 动词不定式”这个特殊的结构可表示在未来即将要进行的动作。
例:He is going to tell me tomorrow - 他将在明天告诉我。

练习题:
There are ____ water in the bottle.(B)瓶子里有一点水
There are ____ water in the bottle.(A)瓶子里没水了
There are ____ students in the classroom.(D)教室里有几个学生
There are ____ students in the classroom(C)教室里没有学生
There are ____ apples on the trees.(D)有几个苹果长在树上
选项统一为
A、little B、a little C、few D、a few

3. Of course,every one of us_1__to make friends like food---they are useful to us,and they can help us when we are _2__need._3__you can make as many friends of this kind as possible.
(1) A.want B.will want C.wants
(2) A.in B.on C.for D.of
(3) A.And B.But C.So D.Because

答案:CAC

4.Twenty minutes later,John_1__a tree.His leg was broken,and it hurt _2__.
Mr smith _3__to mend the chair.then he_4__himself with a hammer.
(1) A.fell over B.fell from C.fell down D.fell on
(2) A.all the day B.all day C.whole day D.all days
(3) A.starts B.started C.was starting
(4) A.damaged B.knocked C.hit D.cut

答案:BABC

㈥ 人教版英语九年级全一册unit5语法重点翻译

你的衬衫抄是由棉花袭什么制成的吗?
是的,它们是。而且它们实在英国制造的。
模型飞机由什么制作的?
它是由用过的木头和玻璃制成的。
茶在中国哪里生产?
它在许多不同的地区生产。
茶怎样是生产?
茶在山上种植。当它们成熟后在手工摘下送去加工。
人们在杭州种茶。
茶在杭州被人们。

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