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八年级英语下册二单元单词语法

发布时间:2021-01-25 00:23:41

1. 八年级下册英语一二单元的主要内容

本单元语法讲解 一般将来时
表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。本时态标志词:
1.含tomorrow; next短语; 2.in+段时间 ;3.how soon; 4.by+将来时间;5.by the time sb.do…
6.祈使句句型中:or/and sb. will do
例Be quick, or you will be late=If you don’t be quick, you will be late
7.在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时
8.another day
比较be going to 与will:
be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些。
如: He is going to write a letter tonight. He will write a book one day.
2. be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情,will表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。 He is seriously ill. He is going to die. He will be twenty years old.
3. be going to 含有“计划,准备”的意思,而 will 则没有这个意思,如:She is going to lend us her book.
He will be here in half an hour.
4.在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用will, 如: If any beasts comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you.掌握了它们的这些不同,你就能很好的区分be going to与will了。
What’s wrong(with you)?/What’s the matter?
Unit 2 What should I do?重点语法:过去将来时态(将来时态的委婉说法)          do/does 的过去将来时态形式:(should/would) do          do/does 的过去将来时态的被动语态:(should/would) be done过去将来时态的肯定句、否定句、疑问句形式:肯定句例句:You should write a letter to him.否定句例句:You shouldn't write a letter to him.一般疑问句例句:Should I write a letter to him?特殊疑问句例句:What should I do?重点短语:keep sb. out 不让某人进入          What's wrong? = What's the matter? = What's the problem? 怎么了?          out of style 不时髦的;过时的          call sb. up 给某人打电话          pay for sth. 为某事付款          part-time job 兼职工作          the same as = be same (to/with) 与……同样          in style 时髦的;流行的          get on [well] with sb. = get along [well] with sb. 与某人相处(好)          didn't = did not          couldn't = could not          as ... as possible 尽可能……(eg/ as soon as possible 尽快)          all kinds of 各种;许多          on the one hand 一方面          on the other hand 另一方面          ask sb. for sth. = ask sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事          ask sb. not to do sth. 请求某人不要做某事          spend (money) on sth. = spend (money) [in] doing sth. 花钱做某事          sth. cost sb. (money) 某人花钱为了某事          take sb. sometime to do sth. 花某人时间做某事          find out 查明          find sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事          be angry with sb. 生某人的气          be angry at sth. 生某事的气          the same age as = as old as 与某人年龄一样          have fight with sb. 与某人打架          learn to do sth. 学会做某事          not ... until ... 直到……才……          compare sth.(A) with sth.(B) 把某事(A)与某事(B)作比较          it's time for sth. = it's time to do sth. 到该做某事的时间了          maybe adv. 或许          may be (情态动词 + 动词原形)可能是          shall → should 情态动词 shall 的原形和过去式          pay → paid → paid 动

2. 八下英语unit2的单词表,八年级下册英语单词表怎么读,八年级下册英语unit2单词

单词表图片如下:MP3下载

3. 八年级下册英语的语法要点

八年级下 Unit1
1. 免费 be free
3. 活到200岁 live to be 200 years old
5. 更少的污染 less pollution
7. 更少地使用地铁 use the subway less
9. 更多的高楼 more tall buildings
11. 十年后 in ten years
13. 住的地方 places to live
15. 住在太空站 live on the space station
17. 住在公寓 live in an apartment
19. 一个人住 live alone/by oneself
21. 去滑冰 go skating
23. 看起来很时髦 look smart
25. 穿着随意 dress casually
27. 实现 come true
29. 在未来 in the future

八年级下 Unit 2
argued with sb. 与某人生气
have an argument with sb.与某人生气
out of style 不时髦的
in style 时髦的
keep out 不让……进入
call sb. up 打电话给……
on the phone 用电话交谈
pay for 付款
part-time job 兼职工作
Teen Talk 青少年论坛
the same as 与…同样的
get on 相处
as much as possible 尽可能多
all kinds of 各种
on the other hand一方面
borrow sth. from sb.向某人借某物
found out 找出
is popular at school 在学校受欢迎
except me 除了我
have a quick supper 去吃快餐
not……until 直到……才
try to do 试着去做
complain about doing sth.抱怨做某事
seem to do
comparing…with 把…与…做比较
think for 为…着想
find it +adj.+to do sth.发现做某事很怎样
learn to do 学会做某事
八年级下 Unit 3
barber shop 理发店
get out 出去
take off 起飞
train station 火车站
come in 进来
Beijing International Airport北京国际机场
hear about 听说
take place 发生
World Trade Center世界贸易中心
as…as 和…一样
in front of 在…的前面
clean my room打扫我的房间
sleep late 睡懒觉
make a smooth做思木西
cook dinner 做晚饭
eat lunch 吃中午饭
cut hair 剪头发
have…experience有…经历
in the morning 在早晨
walk down 走下来
very surprised 非常惊奇
souvenir shop 纪念品商店
TV station 电视台
in the museum 在博物馆
climb a tree 爬树
jump down 跳下
take a photo 照相
called the police报警
rode his bicycle 骑自行车
buy a newspaper买一份报纸
run away 逃跑
think about 考虑…做某事
for example 举例子
heard about 听说
having fun 玩的高兴
in silence 在…
told us 告诉我们
in space 在太空
over the world遍及全世界
became famous因…而出名
next to 挨着
1. arrive at/in
2. a TV reporter
3. in front of
4. in the front of
5. get out of
6. sleep late
7. in(at) the library
8. the Museum of Flight
9. buy a souvenir
10. call the police
11. call the TV station
12. call the newspaper
13. take off
14. an unusual experience
15. jump down from
16. take photos of
17. too scared
18. walk to school
19. in the tree
20. on the tree
21. police officer
22. at the doctor’s
23. go shopping( do some shopping)
24. a barber shop
25. on/in the playground
26. ten minutes ago
27. in silence
28. keep silent/quiet
29. take place
30. become a national hero
31. become/be famous for
32. become/be famous as
33. all over the world (in the world)
34. in turn
35. have fun (enjoy oneself)
36. on the moon
37. be murdered
38. be destroyed
39. on this day
40. hear about/of
41. be born
42. cut hair ( have one’s cut)

八年级下 Unit 5
Have a great time玩的高兴
let in ` ```进来
stay at home 呆在家
Help sb. (to) do sth..帮助某人做某事
take away 拿走
ask sb. To sth
At the party 在晚会上
go to college 去大学
be\become famous变的有名
Travel around the world环游世界
make money 挣钱
work hard 努力工作
A professional soccer player
一名职业足球运动员
seem like 看起来像
Make a living 谋生
all over the world世界各地
give money to 捐钱
All the time 一直
for a living 为``````谋生
get injured 受伤
in fact 事实上
Be able to 能够
be going to
spend time 消磨时间
too much 太多
laugh at 笑话某人
go back
In order 为了``````

八年级下 Unit 9
be late for 迟到
look like 看起来象
in order 按顺序
by noon 到中午为止
on the weekend 在周末
have a good day!玩的愉快
looking through 浏览
waiting inline 排队
really low 降低
tell sb. about yourself告诉某人有关你的事
a ball game fan 球迷
be friendly to sb.对某人友好
feel like 感觉像
a friend like you 像你一样的朋友
get along 相处
thanks for 因……而感谢
ask sb. To do sth.要求某人做某事
go with me 和我一起去
think of 想起
leave early 早早离开
at least 至少
be careful 小心
八年纪 下册 Unit 10
most of 大多数
make sb. Laugh让某人笑
like to do 喜欢做某事
like doing
both like 都喜欢
the same like 和``````一样
for me 对我来说
get the job 上班
enjoy doing sth

4. 新目标英语八年级下册1与2单元单词。

Unit 1 robot [5rEubCt] n. 机器人 paper [5peipE] n. 纸 use [ju:s] v. 使用,利用 less [les] adj. ( little 的比较级)较少,较小 fewer [`fjU:E] adj. ( fewer 的比较级)较少数,较少的 pollution [pE5lu:FEn] n. 污染 tree [tri:] n. 树 building [5bildiN] n. 建筑物 astronaut [5AstrEnC:t] n. 太空人,宇航员 rocket [5rCkit] n. 火箭 space [speis] n. 空间 fly [flai] v. 飞行 took [tuk] v. take 的过去式 moon [mu:n] n. 月球,月亮 fall [fC:l] v. 落下,跌落,变为 fell [fel] v. fall 的过去式 alone [E5lEun] adj. 单独的,孤独的 pet [pet] n. 宠物 pat [pAt] v. 轻拍 parrot [5pArEt] n. 鹦鹉 probably [5prRbEblI] adv. 大概,或许 suit [sju:t] n. 一套衣服 able [5eibl] adj. 能够,有能力的 dress [dres] v. 穿衣 casually [5kAVjuEl] adv. 偶然地,随便地 which [witF] pron. 哪个,哪几个 even [5i:vEn] adv. 甚至 myself [mai5self] pron. 我自己,我亲自,我本人 interview [5intEvju:] v. 面试,面谈 predict [pri5dikt] v. 预知,预言 future [5fju:tFE] n. 未来,将来 prediction [pri5dikFEn] n. 预言,预报 came [keim] v. come 的过去式 company [5kQmpEni] n. 公司 thought [WC:t] v. think 的过去式和过去分词 fiction [5fikFEn] n. 小说 unpleasant [Qn5pleznt] adj. 使人不愉快的 scientist [5saiEntist] n. 科学家 however [hau5evE] conj. 然而,可是 hundred [5hQndrEd] n. 一百 already [C:l5redi] adv. 早已,先前 factory [5fAktEri] n. 工厂 simple [5simpl] adj. 简单的,简易的 such [sQtF] adj. 这样的,这种 bored [bC:d] adj. 厌烦的,厌倦的 everywhere [5evrihwZE] adv. 各处,到处 human [5hju:mEn] n. 人,人类 shape [Feip] n. 外形,形状 snake [sneik] n. 蛇 earthquake [5E:Wkweik] n. 地震 possible [5pCsEbl] adj. 可能的 electric [I5lektrIk] adj. 电的,导电的 toothbrush [5tu:WbrQF] n. 牙刷 seem [si:m] v. 象是,似乎 impossible [im5pCsEbl] adj. 不可能的,不会发生的 housework [5haJsw\:k] n. 家务,家务事 rating [5reitiN] n. 等级级别 Sally [5sAli] n. 萨利(女子名) Alexis [E5leksis] n. 亚历克西斯 Joe [dVEu] n. 乔 Unit 2 play [plei] v. 播放 loud [laud] adj. 高声的,大声的 argue [5B:^ju:] v. 争论,争吵 wrong [rCN] adj. 错误的,有毛病的,不适合的 style [stail] n. 风格 could [kud] v. can 的过去式 should [Fud] v. aux. 应该 ticket [5tikit] n. 票,入场券 surprise [sE5praiz] n. 惊奇,诧异,惊人之事 okay [EJ5keI] adj. 好的 either [5aITE] adj. 任一的,(两方中的)每一方的 bake [beik] v. 烘焙,烤 tutor [5tju:tE] n. 家庭教师 original [E5ridVEnEl] adj. 新颖的 nicer [naisE] adj. ( nice 的比较级)更好的 haircut [5heEkQt] n. 理发,发型 except [ik5sept] prep. 除,把...除外 upset [Qp5set] adj. 心烦的,沮丧的 fail [feil] v. 失败 football [5futbC:l] n. 足球 until [En5til] prep. 到……为止 fit [fit] v. 适合,适应 pressure [`preFE] n. 压力 complain [kEm5plein] v. 抱怨,控诉 include [in5 klu:d] v. 包括,包含 pushy [5pJFI] adj. 固执己见的,一意孤行的 send [send] v. 寄,发送 compare [kEm5pZE] v. 比较 crazy [5kreizi] adj. 疯狂的,狂热的 themselves [TEm5selvz] pron. 他们自己 alt [E5dQlt] n. 成年人 organized [`R:^EnaIzd] adj. 有组织的 Eve [i:v] n. 伊夫(女子名) Anna [5AnE] n. 安娜 Dennis [5denis] n. 丹尼斯(男子名) Maria [mE:5raiE] n. 玛丽亚(女子名) Julia [5dVu:ljE] n. 朱莉娅(女子名) Erin [5iErin] n. 叶尔伦(女子名) Nicole [nI`kEJl] n. 尼科尔(女子名) Emilio [5emElIEJ] n. 艾米利奥(男子名) Alice Green [5Alis^ri:n] n. 艾丽丝·格林 Cathy Miller [`kAWI5milE] n. 凯茜·米勒 Linda Miller [5lIndE5milE] n. 琳达·米勒

采纳哦

5. 英语书八年级下册书第二单元所有语法内容

Unit 2 What should I do?

重点词汇:play v. 播放
loud adj. 高声的;大声的
argue v. 争论,争吵wrong adj. 错误的;有毛病的;不适合的could v. can的过去式ticket n. 票,入场券 v. 使惊奇;使意外other adj. 其他的;另外的except prep. 除;把……除外fail v. 失败 football n. 足球 until prep. 到……为止
fit v. 适合,适应 include v. 包括;包含send v. 发送,寄 themselves pron. 他们自己(反身代词)freedom n. 自由
重点词组及句型:
1. argue with sb. 与某人争论/辩论
2. have an argument with sb. 与某人发生争论
3. out of style  不时髦的
4. in style  时髦的
5. keep out  不让……进入
6. call sb. up   打电话给……
7. on the phone  用电话交谈
8. pay for  付款
9. part-time job  兼职工作
10. Teen Talk    青少年论坛
11. the same as  与……同样的12. get on  well with... 与……相处地好13. as much as possible  尽可能多14. all kinds of  各种各样的15. on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand  另一方面16. borrow sth. from sb.  向某人借某物17. find out  找出18. be popular at school  在学校受欢迎19. except me  除了我20. have a quick supper  很快地吃晚餐21. not…until  直到……才22. try to do   尽力去做23. complain about doing sth.  抱怨做某事24. seem to do…  好像……25. comparing…with…  把……与……做比较26. think for  为……着想27. find it + adj.+ to do sth.  发现做某事很……28. learn to do  学会做某事 29. have a fight with 与……打架
30. write sb. a letter 给某人写信 31. a ticket to a ball game 一场球赛的票
32. surprise sb. 使……惊讶 33. buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物
34. have no idea 不知道 35. have the same haircut 有同样的发型
36. get a tutor 请家教 37. need to do 需要去做
38. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人去做某事 39. leave sth. at home 把某物落在家里
40. fail (in) sth. 做某事失败 41. be the same as 与……相同的
42. return sth. 归还某物 43. look up…in a dictionary 在字典中查找……
44. be/feel under (too much) pressure 感觉处于(太多的)压力之下
45. take sb. from 名词 to 名词 把某人从一个地方带到另一个地方
46. fit as much as possible into their kids lives 尽可能多地充实到孩子们的生活中来
47. nothing new 屡见不鲜 48. push sb hard 厉害地强迫某人
49. be always doing 总是在做某事
50. plan to do 计划做某事
51. start from a very young age 从很小的年龄开始

日常用语:学习用于表达建议的句子结构:1. ---What should I do?   ---You could write him a letter.2. --- What should he do?   --- Maybe he should say he's sorry.3. --- What should they do?   --- They shouldn't argue.4. What’s the matter? / What’s wrong?5. Why don’t you talk to him about it?

词组短语详解:
1. Keep out! 禁止入内
祈使句,意为:“不准入内!”指“关在门外,不准入内。”
Keep sth. adj.

2. My brother plays his CDs too loud. 我哥哥把他的唱片声音放得太大。
Play:
播放。 e.g. Please play the tape again. 请再放一边磁带。
演奏,弹奏 e.g. I can play the violin, too. 我也会拉小提琴。
玩,打,踢 e.g. play football/bolleyball…
剧本,n. e.g. TV play 电视剧 watch the play 看戏

3. I don’t have enough money. 我没有足够的钱
Enough修饰n.放在前面 e.g. enough money
Enough修饰adj.放在后面 e.g. good enough

【考例】He is old ______ to go to school. A. much       B. many      C. enough      D. more
【答案与解析】C。本题中old enough 表示年龄足够大。故本题选C。

4. I argue with my best friend. 我与我最好的朋友发生了争执。
Argue v. 争辩,争论,辩论
Argue with sb. 与某人辩论
Argue on/about sth. 争论,辩论某事
e.g. They are arguing about playing computer games.
【拓展】argue about sth. 意为“为某事而争论”。argument 是argue的名词形式,have an argument with sb.相当于argue with sb.。e.g. I don't want to argue about the houtse with you. 我不想和你为房子的事争论。 You shouldn't have an argument with your parents about the bike. 你不应该为了自行车的事和你父母争吵。【考例】I _______my parents about my hairstyle yesterday evening.A. play     B. argue with     C. argued with     D. to argue with 【答案与解析】C。本题中argue with sb.意为“与……争吵,争论”。又因为时间状语是yesterday evening,表示过去的时间,要用一般过去时态,故本题选C。
5. My clothes are out of style. 我的衣服过时了。
Out of style
In style

【考例】I don’t think my clothes are______. A. be out of style    B. out of style    C. out fashion    D. to out of style 【答案与解析】B。本题中be out of style / fashion表示“过时”、“不合乎时尚”。因句中已有are,故本题选B。
6. Maybe you should buy some new clothes. 也许你应当买一些新衣服。
Maybe 与 may be
e.g. Maybe you put it there. 也许你把它放在那里了。
It may be a hat. = May be it is a hat. 它也许是顶帽子。

7. You could write him a letter. 你可以给他写封信。
Write sb. A letter = write to sb. 给某人写一封信
写信给某人:write to sb.
收到某人的来信:hear from sb. = get/receive a letter from sb.

8. Maybe you should call him up. 也许你应当给他打电话。
Call sb. Up = ring sb. Up = make a telephone call to sb. = give sb. A call/ring给某人打电话
【拓展】maybe 不同于 may be。 maybe 是一个词,是副词,may be 是情态动词may加上动词原形be,意为“或许”,后接形容词、名词、代词等。例如:It may be true.      He may be the man we are looking for.(2)call sb. up 打电话给某人可以与名词、代词连用。连接代词时,把代词放在 call 与 up 之间。例如:Please call me up.       Don’t forget to call up your uncle.      I'll call her up this afternoon.【考例】_______you are right. A. Maybe      B. Might      C. May be      D. Might to
【答案与解析】A。本题中maybe不同于may be。 maybe 是一个词,是副词,may be是情态动词may加上动词原形be,意为“或许”,后接形容词、名词、代词等。故本题选A。
9. A ticket to a ball game 一张球赛的票
A key to a door
An answer to a question

10. I don’t want to surprise him. 我不想使他吃惊。
Surprise v. 使惊奇;使差异;使感到意外。其后可接名词或代词作宾语。
e.g. You surprise me! 你吓了我一跳!
His words surprised my mother a lot. 他的话使我母亲大吃一惊。
Be surprised at… 对……感到吃惊
e.g. We are very surprised at the news. 听到这个消息,我们非常吃惊。
【拓展】surprised adj. 惊讶的           surprising adj. 令人惊讶的例如:I'm surprised to hear the news.      It's a surprising gift, and I love it.【考例】I was__________ when I saw her.A. surprising     B. surprised     C. surprise     D. to surprise
【答案与解析】B。本题中surprised adj.惊讶的;surprising adj.令人惊讶的。故本题选B。
11. I need to get some money to pay for summer camp. 我需要得到一些钱以支付夏令营的费用。
(1)need是个情态动词,也可以是行为动词。▲当它是情态动词时,后边直接加行为动词,表示“需要”,但need作情态动词时一般不用于肯定句。它一般用于否定句和疑问句中,例如:① You need repeat it. 你需要重复它。② Need I repeat it?   我有必要重复它吗?简略回答为:Yes, you need. No, you needn't.
(2)【拓展】(sb.)pay(money)for sth.   为……而付款(sb.)spend(money)on sth.  在……上花多少钱(sth.)cost sb.(money)  ……值……钱这三个短语都是表示付款。但pay, spend指的是“人”,主语为人,而cost指的是“物”,主语为“物”。例如说“他昨天花20元买了一本书”。用以上三个短语分别为:① He paid 20 yuan for the book yesterday.  他昨天为这本书付了20元钱。② He spent 20 yuan on the book yesterday.  他昨天花了20元钱(买)这本书。③ The book cost him 20 yuan yesterday.  这本书花了他20元钱。注意以上三个动词的动词过去式为:pay - paid; spend - spent; cost - cost【考例】--- I’ve got a new book.        --- How much did you _______it? A. buy     B. spend     C. pay for    D. cost 【答案与解析】C。(sb.)pay(money)for sth.   为……而付款,(sb.)spend(money)on sth.  在……上花多少钱,(sth.)cost sb.(money) ……值多少钱 故本题选C。
12. I have an idea. You could borrow some money from your brother. 我有一个主意,你可以像你哥哥借一些钱。
Idea n. 主意,念头
e.g. He has a good idea. 他有个好主意。
注意:
I have no idea. = I don’t know. 我不知道

Borrow与lend
borrow sth from sb. 从谁那里借什么东西。
Lend sth. to sb. = lend sb. Sth.
borrow 与 lend 的区别:  borrow  借来      lend 借给【考例】Han Mei _________ a book from the library a week ago. A. lent B. returned C. borrowedD. wanted
【答案与解析】C。本题考查borrow 与lend 的区别。borrow 借来;lend 借给。本题的意思是从图书馆借书。故本题选C。

13. No, he doesn’t have any money, either. 不,他也没有钱。
Either adv. 用于否定句中,表示“也”
e.g. You haven’t read that book. I haven’t read it, either.
Either, too, also
e.g. My mother hasn’t been to Beijing. My father hasn’t been there, either.
That woman is a teacher, too.
I, too, have been to London.
We also play football.

【考例】He doesn't like swimming, and he doesn't like boating,_____. A. neither     B. too     C. another     D. either
【答案与解析】D。本题中either作副词,用在否定句或否定词组后加强语气,表示“也,而且”。而neither用于肯定句中。too用于三者或三者以上。故本题选D。
14. I think you should ask your parents for some money. 我想你应当向你的父母要一些钱。
Ask… for… 向……要……;
Ask for… 索要,要求得到……
e.g. He asked for time to thind all this over. 他要求给他时间把这一切好好想想。
He asked me for some money. 他想我要了些钱。
Ask sb. (not) to do sth. 要求/请求某人(不要)做某事
Ask for leave 请假

15. Have a bake sale. 卖烧烤

16. I need some money to buy gifts for my family. 我需要一些钱为我的家人买礼物
Buy sb. Sth. = buy sth. to sb.

17. They are original. 它们很新颖
Original adj. 新颖的,独创的,原始的,最早的
e.g. original ideas 新思想
an original edition 原版
the original plan 原计划
He is an original composer. 他是一位富有独创力的作曲家。

18. They are inexpensive. 它们不贵。
Cheap 与 inexpensive
Cheap往往意味着质量差,指价钱便宜的或因质量差而价格低的。
Inexpensive指物美价廉的,价值与价格相比而便宜的,表示“价格公道的,不贵的”

19. But I just found out that my friends were planning a birthday party for my best friend, and they didn’t invite me. 可是我刚刚发现我的朋友们正计划给我最好的朋友举办生日聚会,而他们没有邀请我。
Just adv.
刚才,刚刚
e.g. They have just left there. 他们刚刚离开这。
仅仅,只是
e.g. Don’t scold him. He is just a child. 别责备他,他只是个孩子。
后接名词,名词短语或句子,意为“正好,恰好”
e.g. It was just four o’clock when we got home. 我们到家时刚好4点钟。
注:
just now 刚才,不久以前
e.g. I saw our teacher just now. 刚才我看到我们的老师了。
Just then 正(就)在那时
e.g. Just then he came out of the room. 就在那是他从房间走了出来。

20. Find out 找出,发现,查处(真相等)
e.g. Please find out where they live. 请查处他们住在哪儿。
Find ,look for ,find out
Find 意为“找到,发现”,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,也可指偶然发现某物或某种情况,强调的是“找的结果”
e.g. He didn’t find his bike. 他没找到他的自行车。
Look for 意为“寻找”,是有目的地找,强调“寻找”这一动作
e.g. I can’t find my pen. I’m looking for it everywhere.我的钢笔不见了,我正在到处找。
He is looking for his shoes. 他在找他的鞋子。
Find out 意为“找出,发现,查明”,多指通过调查、询问、打听、研究之后“搞清楚,弄明白”,通常含有“经过困难曲折”的含义,指找出较难找到的、无形的、抽象的东西。
e.g. Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。
Read this passage, and find out the answer to this question. 读这篇短文,找出这个问题的答案。

21. Everyone else in my class was invited except me. 除了我以外,我们班其他人都被邀请了。
except 是介词,表示“除了……之外”;besides 强调“除了,还有……”例如:Except Lily, there are 42 students in our classroom.除丽丽外我们教室里还有42个人。Besides Lily, there are 42 students in our classroom.表示丽丽也在教室,教室里有42个人。【考例】I looked for my pen everywhere _______ there. A. except     B. but     C. except for     D. besides【答案与解析】A。本题考查 except 与 besides 的区别。except 是介词,表示“除了……”;besides 强调“除了,还有……”。故本题选A。

22. You left your homework at home. 你把作业忘在家里了。
leave  遗忘,留下,忘带 例如:The old man left his pocket on the bus. 那位老人把钱包忘在了公交车上。【考例】I ______ my pen in my classroom. A. left      B. leave      C. forget      D. forgot
【答案与解析】A。本题考查leave sth.+ 地点。这一结构。故本题选A。

23. My cousin is the same age as me. She’s really nice, and we get on well, but she always borrows my things. 我的表妹与我同岁。她确实很好,并且我们相处得很好,可她总是借我的东西。
The same age as…
Get on well 相处得好
Get on well with … 与……相处融洽、相处得好
e.g. We get on well with each other. 我们彼此相处融洽。
How do you get on with your new classmates? 你和你的新同学相处得怎么样?
注:Get on with 还可以表示“在某方面的进展情况”
e.g. How are you getting on with your English studies? 你的英语学习情况如何?

【考例】He wears the same clothes_____I do. A. like      B. as      C. on      D. in
【答案与解析】B。本题考查the same as…… 意思是“与……一样”。这一结构。故本题选B。
【考例】I get on well______ my cousin. A. on       B. with      C. in      D. at
【答案与解析】B。本题考查固定搭配get on well with sb. 与某人相处融洽。故本题选B。

24. I don’t want to have a fight with my cousin, because she is my best friend.
Havea fight with sb. = fight with sb. = fight against sb.
e.g. We can’t have a fight with each other at school. 在学校我们不能相互打架

25. Could you give some advice?
Give sb. Some advice
A piece of advice
e.g. The teacher gave me some advice on how to learn English well.

26. The tired children don’t get home until 7 p.m. 疲惫的孩子们知道晚上7点才到家。
Not … until …

27. The Taylors are like many American and British parents. 泰勒夫妇像许多美国和英国的父母一样。
The taylors泰勒夫妇,泰勒一家人。姓的附属前加定冠词the,表示“***一家人”或“***夫妇二人”
e.g. The Smiths are having dinner. 史密斯一家正在吃饭

28. Linda Miller, a mother of three in London, knows all about such pressure.
Know about… 了解,知道……的情况
e.g. I happened to know about him.

6. 八年级下册英语的文科爱好者2单元重点单词短语句子

The useful phrases:
keep sb. out 不让某人进入
What's wrong? = What's the matter? = What's the problem? 怎么了?
out of style 不时髦的;过时的
call sb. up 给某人打电话 pay for sth. 为某事付款
part-time job 兼职工作 in style 时髦的;流行的
the same as = be same (to/with) 与……同样
get on [well] with sb. = get along [well] with sb. 与某人相处(好)
didn't = did not couldn't = could not
as ... as possible 尽可能……(eg/ as soon as possible 尽快)
all kinds of 各种;许多
on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面
ask sb. for sth. = ask sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事
ask sb. not to do sth. 请求某人不要做某事
spend (money) on sth. = spend (money) [in] doing sth. 花钱做某事
sth. cost sb. (money) 某人花钱为了某事
take sb. sometime to do sth. 花某人时间做某事
find out 查明
find sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事
be angry with sb. 生某人的气 be angry at sth. 生某事的气
the same age as = as old as 与某人年龄一样
have fight with sb. 与某人打架
learn to do sth. 学会做某事
not ... until ... 直到……才……
compare sth.(A) with sth.(B) 把某事(A)与某事(B)作比较
it's time for sth. = it's time to do sth. 到该做某事的时间了
maybe adv. 或许
may be (情态动词 + 动词原形)可能是
shall → should 情态动词 shall 的原形和过去式
pay → paid → paid 动词 pay 的原形、过去式和过去分词

7. 人教版八年级下册英语第二单元单词造句加翻译

1. A study found that eating high-fat dairy foods reces the risk of ovulation failure. Women could raise their chances of getting pregnant by tucking into ice cream, scientists said.
美国研究人员得出的研究结果显示,脂肪乳制品可能含有脂溶性化学物质,这种物质有利于提高卵巢的功能。研究人员指出,食用高脂肪的乳制品可以降低妇女不排卵的风险,妇女可以通过多食用含有高脂肪的冰淇淋来增加怀孕的几率。

2. Eating ice cream, eating ice cream.
吃冰淇淋,吃冰淇淋。

3. Lily is eating an ice cream.
莉莉在吃冰淇淋。

4. I see a boy eating ice cream,
我看见一个男孩正在吃冰淇淋,

5. He was about seven years old, had curly black hair and big brown eyes and was eating anice cream sandwich.
他大约七岁左右,有一头黑色的卷发和一双咖啡色大眼睛,他正吃着一个冰激淋三明治。
-

6. Eating some ice cream.
吃冰激凌。

7. In addition, consider eating your ice cream in cooler weather:
另外,最好在天气凉快一点的时候吃冰淇淋:

8. The children feel like eating ice cream.
孩子们想吃冰淇淋。

9. When you finish eating your Hollywood ice cream cone, you immediately put it out of your mind, but that lollipop isn't so easily forgotten.

10. Wang likes playing video games and eating chocolate ice cream and big Texas steaks.
王喜欢玩电子游戏、吃巧克力冰淇淋和德克萨斯牛排。

8. 人教版八年级下册英语重点单词短语及用法。谢谢了。

人教版新目标8年级下英语语法重点 Unit 1 Will people have robots? 重点语法:一般将来时态的应用 Unit 2 What should I do? 重点语法:过去将来时态(将来时态的委婉说法) Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived? 重点语法:过去进行时态 Unit 4 He said I was hard-working. 重点语法:宾语从句 Unit 5 If you go to the party, you'll have a great time! 重点语法:if 引导的条件状语从句 Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells? 重点语法:现在完成进行时态 Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music? 重点语法:mind [one's] doing sth. 介意(某人)做某事 Unit 8 Why don't you get her a scarf? 重点语法:询问别人为什么要做或者不做某事 Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement? 重点语法:现在完成时态 Unit 10 It's a nice day, isn't it? 重点语法:反意疑问句

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