1. 外研版九下英语课文Mole 7
MODULE 7 Eating together
Unit 1 When's the schoolleavers' party?
Lingling:When's the school leavers' party?
Betty:After the visit to the play by Shakespeare. It'll be held on 30th May. We're all invited.
Daming:In fact, I've been chosen to look after the dance music.
Tony:And I have been asked to decorate the hall.
Betty:And everyone has been told to prepare a traditional dish from our own countries.
Lingling:Will we be allowed to cook it at school, or must it be made at home, and brought here?
Betty:I suppose it can be heated up in the school kitchen,but it should be cooked at home. What are you going to make?
Lingling:Suanla tang, I guess.
Lingling:Hot and sour soup. It's made with chicken or pork and vegetables.
Betty:But the invitation says finger food! That means you have to eat it with your fingers.
Lingling:Oh, soup's no good, then. You need a spoon. What about you?
Betty:Hamburgers, with cheese in a bread roll.
Tony:And you, Daming?
Daming:Jiaozi! The best jiaozi in China are made by my grandmother!
Betty:Is she invited to the school leavers party, too?
Daming:Hm, I see what you mean. What about you, Tony?
Tony:A traditional English pizza with cheese, tomato and ham.
Betty:Pizza isn't English! It was invented in Italy, not England!
Tony:But pizza can be eaten everywhere in
England.Betty:I don't think Shakespeare ate pizza!
Unit 2 Knives and forks are used for most food.
Do as the Romans do
There's a saying, "When in Rome, do as the Romans do."And when you eat western food, do as the Westerners do.Here are some things you may wish to know about eating together in the West.
In the West, lunch is eaten later, always after midday, sometimes at one o'clock. Dinner is served around 7 pm or even later.In Spain it's usual to eat lunch at 2 pm and dinner at 10 pm!
At the start of a meal the Chinese usually say "mànmàn chī".The French say "Bon appetit", and the Italians say "Buon appetito".But there's no similar expression in English! "Enjoy your meal" is usually only said by a waiter.For "ganbei", you can say "Cheers"!
Chopsticks are only used when people eat Chinese food. Knives and forks are used for most food.The fork is held in your left hand and the knife in your right,and the food is held with the fork and cut with the knife. Americans often cut all their food first, and then put the fork in their right hand to eat it.Soup is drunk with a spoon. However, there is some food which can be eaten with your fingers, such as chicken legs, seafood, bread and cake.
At the start of a meal, if you're the guest, you'll be invited to serve yourself ("Help yourself!"), or your plate will be filled by your host ("Can I serve you?"). If you've been given something you don't like, it should be pushed to the edge of the plate and left.You don't have to say why, but if you feel an explanation is required, just say, "I'm sorry, I can't eat this." No one will be cross.If you're offered more food, but can't eat any more,just say, "No, thanks, it was delicious, but I've had enough."
Generally,fewer dishes are prepared than in China. It isn't thought to be so important to offer too much food.
Finally, it's sometimes difficult to know when the meal is over.If you've been invited to dinner by western friends,you'll know that you're expected to stay and talk around the dinner tablelong after the last dish has been brought to the table,and it's thought quite rude if you leave as soon as you finish eating.
The golden rule is:Watch the other people. Do as they do.
Mole 1 1.be full of=be filled with充满…，装满… 2.stay with sb和某人呆在一起 3.because of+短语 因为… 4.take the boat to sw乘船去某地 5.have quite a good time玩得相当愉快 6.go sightseeing观光 7.the school leavers’ party毕业生晚会 8.the visit to sw到…参观 9.the English-speaking theatre 说英语语言的剧院 10.better get back to work 回来后要好好学习 11.plenty of fun things许多趣事 12.the key information 关键信息 13.dream about/of sb/sth/doing sth梦想… 14.set off on/for 出发… 15.be unable to do不能去干某事 16.hold sb in one’s arms 把…搂/推/抱在…里 17.push away推开 18.jump onto the train跳上火车 19.a cigarette一支香烟 a pack of cigarette 一包香烟 20.six pairs of eyes六双眼睛 21.look out of…向…外看 22.watch with interest饶有兴趣的看 23.with a nervous smile带有一丝紧张的微笑 24. turn to do sth.转身去干某事 25.the number of… …的数量 a number of… 许多，大量 26. say in a strange voice用奇怪的声音说 speak in a loud voice 用大的声音说 27.without doing sth. 没有做某事 28.a long way to go一段很长的路要走 29.have my seat做我的座位 30.drop …on the floor 把…扔在地
常用引导词:when, as, while, as soon as, while, before, after, since , till, until
特殊引导词:the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day,the instant, immediately , directly, no sooner … than, hardly …when, scarcely … when
I didn't realize how special my mother was until I became an alt.
While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking.
The children ran away from the orchard(果园) the moment they saw the guard.
No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain.
Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble.
特殊引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere
Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories.
Wherever you go, you should work hard.
常用引导词:because, since, as, for
特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that, considering that, as much as, so much as
My friends dislike me because I'm handsome and successful.
Now that everybody has come, let's begin our conference.
The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more.
Considering that he is no more than 12 years old, his height of 1.80 m is quite remarkable.
常用引导词:so that, in order that
特殊引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that
The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them.
The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly.
常用引导词:so that, so… that, such … that,
特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that,
He got up so early that he caught the first bus.
It's such a good chance that we must not miss it.
To such an degree was he excited that he couldn't sleep last night.
特殊引导词:as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, suppose that, in case that, on condition that
We'll start our project if the president agrees.
You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying.
Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here.
常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though
特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while ( 一般用在句首 ),no matter …, in spite of the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever
Much as I respect him, I can't agree to his proposal.
The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough.
No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind.
He won't listen whatever you may say.
特殊引导词:the more … the more … ; just as …, so…; A is to B what /as X is to Y; no … more than; not A so much as B
She is as bad-tempered as her mother.
The house is three times as big as ours.
The more you exercise, the healthier you will be.
Food is to men what oil is to machine. 食物之于人,犹如油之于机器。
常用引导词:as, as if, how
When in Rome, do as the Roman do.
She behaved as if she were the boss.
Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us.
flight [flaɪt] n. 航班；飞行
because of 因为；由于
direct [dɪˈrekt] adv. 径直地；直接地
pilot [ˈpaɪlət] n. 飞行员
succeed[səkˈsi:d] v. 成功；做成
as long as 只要
school-leaver[sku:l 'li:və] n. [英]毕业生
exactly[ɪgˈzæktli] adv. 确切地；完全；[口]（表示赞同）确切如此
take care （告别用语）多保重
sir[sɜ:] n. 先生；长官
officer[ˈɒfɪsə] n. 军官；官员；警察
take off 脱去
jacket[ˈdʒækɪt] n. 短上衣
ours[ˈaʊəz] pron. 我们的
tie[taɪ] n. 领带
row[rəʊ] n. 一排；一行；一列
pool[pu:l] n. 水池；游泳池
pass[pɑ:s] v. 及格；通过（考试或检查）
secondary[ˈsekəndri] adj. （教育）中等的；次要的；间接的
absent [ˈæbsənt] adj. 缺席的；不在的
bell[bel] n. 钟；铃
wealthy[ˈwelθi] adj. 富有的；富裕的
fear[fɪə] n. 担心；害怕
used to v. & aux. （用于表示过去真实或经常性的行为，特别强调现在不那样了）过去
wealth[welθ] n. 财富；财产
double[ˈdʌbl] v. 使加倍；把……增加一倍；adj. （成）双的；两个……
seldom[ˈseldəm] adv. 很少地；不常
spare[speə] adj. 空余的；备用的
spare time 业余时间；闲暇
speak up 大声说
deaf[def] adj. 聋的
tiny[ˈtaɪni] adj. 微小的；极小的
electric[ɪˈlektrɪk] adj. 用电的；电动的
light[laɪt] n. 电灯
candle[ˈkændl] n. 蜡烛
postman[ˈpəʊstmən] n. 邮递员
cold[kəʊld] n. 寒冷；冷空气
heat[hi:t] n. 高温；热度
full-time[ˈfʊlˈtaɪm] adj. 专职的；全日制的
role[rəʊl] n. 作用；职责；角色
ecation[ˌedʒuˈkeɪʃn] n. （个人的）教育；学业
transport[ˈtrænspɔ:t] n. 运输业；交通
set off 动身；出发
sock[sɒk] n. 短袜
whenever [wenˈevə]conj. 每当；无论什么时候
proper[ˈprɒpə] adj. 合适的，适当的
edge[edʒ] n. 边；边缘
yourself[jɔ:ˈself] pron. 你自己
go off 离开
starve[stɑ:v] v. 挨饿；饿死
go[gəʊ] n. 尝试；努力
in one go 一口气；一下子
rock[rɒk] n. 岩；岩石
rock climbing 攀岩
stone[stəʊn] n. 石头
fairly[ˈfeəli] adv. 相当；还算
smooth[smu:ð] adj. 无困难的；顺利的；光滑的；平坦的
straight[streɪt] adj. 直的；笔直的
tent[tent] n. 帐篷
fall [fɔ:l] v. 变成，进入（某种状态）
fall asleep 入睡；睡着
hang[hæŋ] v. 悬挂；吊
sudden[ˈsʌdn] adj. 突然的；急剧的
gun[gʌn] n. 枪
soft[sɒft] adj. 软的；柔软的
wood[wʊd] n. （小）树林；林地
blood[blʌd] n. 血；血液
catch up 赶上
agreement[əˈgri:mənt] n. 协议
blind[blaɪnd] adj. 失明的
ouch[aʊtʃ] int. 哎哟（用于表示突然的疼痛）
call off 取消
thanks to 多亏；归功于
health care 医疗保健（服务）
expect[ɪkˈspekt] v. 预料；预计
require[rɪˈkwaɪə] v. 需要
physical[ˈfɪzɪkl] adj. 身体的；体力的
effort[ˈefət] n. 力气；精力
once in a while偶尔；有时；间或
harm[hɑ:m] v. 损害；伤害
invitation[ˌɪnvɪˈteɪʃn] n. 邀请；请柬
calendar['kælɪndə] n. 日历；历书
balloon[bəˈlu:n] n. 气球
paint[peɪnt] v. 绘画
heat[hi:t] v. 使变热；给……加热
knife[naɪf] n. 餐刀；刀具
fork[fɔ:k] n. 餐叉
spoon[spu:n] n. 匙；勺子
cheeseburger['tʃi:zbɜ:ɡə] n. 干酪汉堡包
Italian[ɪ'tælɪən] adj. 意大利的；意大利语的；意大利人的； n.意大利语；意大利人
West[west] n. 西方
serve[sɜ:v] v. 端上（食物和饮料）；服侍……进餐
similar[ˈsɪmələ] adj. 相似的
wing[wɪŋ] n. 翅膀；翼
gentleman[ˈdʒentlmən] n. 先生；男士
help yourself 随便做（或用）吧；请自便
cross[krɒs] adj. 生气的
achieve[əˈtʃi:v] v. 成功；实现
including [ɪnˈklu:dɪŋ]prep. 包括；包含
speaker[ˈspi:kə] n. 说某种语言的人
boss[bɒs] n. 老板；上司
secretary[ˈsekrətri] n. 秘书
quarter[ˈkwɔ:tə] n. 四分之一
instry[ˈɪndəstri] n. 制造业；工业
zero[ˈzɪərəʊ] n. （数字）零
Indian[ˈɪndiən] n. 印度人；adj.印度的；印度文化的
type[taɪp] n. 种；类；类型
beat[bi:t] n. 节拍；拍子
pardon[ˈpɑ:dn] int. [口]对不起，请原谅（用于礼貌地请求别人重复自己没听清或不理解的话）
intend[ɪ nˈtend] v. 计划；打算
pancake[ˈpænkeɪk] n. 薄烤饼；薄煎饼
rose[rəʊz] n. 玫瑰；蔷薇
laugh at 嘲笑；对……一笑置之
kindness[ˈkaɪndnəs] n. 善举；好意
give up 放弃（努力）
try one’s best 尽某人最大的努力
bedside[ˈbedsaɪd] n. 床边；床头
note[nəʊt] n. 短笺；便条