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七年级下册英语二单元语法焦点

发布时间:2021-01-20 11:58:01

1. 七年级下册英语语法焦点1~12单元

help sb. to do sth.
get sb. to do sth.
tell sb. to do sth.
show sb. around
brrow……源from
lend……to
how long
could/can/may i……?
-why -because……
could you tell me the way to ……?
how can i get to ……?
i'm afriand……
Is there a(n) …near here?
like doing sth
enjoy doing sth
It's good to do sth
why not do sth
be good at
do well in
would like to do sth
what do use for?
what's the weather like in ……
It's a good season for……
还有一些你自己回去找吧
打了半天了累死我了
(我打字超慢的)
(*^__^*) 嘻嘻……

2. 2012年人教版英语七年级下册第二单元 grammar focus的教读视频

人教版七年级下册英语第二单元grammar focus内容与翻译如下Grammar Focus 语法聚焦What time do you usually get up? 你通常什么时候起床?I usually get up at six thirty. 我通常在6点半起床。What time do they get dressed? 他们什么时候穿衣服?They always get dressed at seven twenty. 他们总是在7点20分穿衣服。What time does Rick eat breakfast? 里克在什么时候吃早餐?He eats breakfast at seven o'clock. 他在7点吃早餐。When dose Scott go to work? 斯科特什么时候上班?He always goes to work at eleven o'clock. He's never late. 他总是在11点上班,他从来不迟到。When do your friends exercise? 你的朋友们什么时候运动?They usually exercise on weekend. 他们通常在周末运动。

3. 七年级人教版英语书上下册语法焦点

(一)be动词。 1、be动词包括am, are, is。 2、be动词的用法。 am → 主语是单数第一人称(即I)。e.g. I am… be are → 单数第二人称及所有复数。e.g. You are… The coats are… is → 单数第三人称及不可数名词。 e.g. Your father is… The money is… 3、否定句式(即改否定句):在be动词之后+not, 句子其它部位不变。 e.g. He is not a teacher. 4、缩写形式。 ①主语+be,缩写be第一个字母为 ’,再与主语合并。 e.g. you are → you’re Jack is → Jack’s ② be+not否定形式的缩写,缩写not中“o”为 ’, 再与be合并。 e.g. is not→isn’t are not→aren’t ③不能缩写的情况:this is, these are, those are, am not及缩略的肯定回答。 e.g. Yes, I am. (I’m 误) 5、含be动词句子的疑问句型转换。 ①一般疑问句:将be动词提前,其它照抄不变,最后+?,读升调。(一般第一人称改为第二人称) e.g. The man in the car is her father. → Is the man in the car her father? I’m a middle school student. → Are you a middle school student? ②一般疑问句的肯否定回答。 肯定回答: Yes, 主语+be. 否定回答: No, 主语+be+not. e.g. Is he old? Are you a new student? Is your father at home? Yes, he is. Yes, I am. Yes, he is. No, he is not.(isn’t) No, I’m not. No, he is not.(isn’t) 注意:①主语必须用代词回答;②肯定回答不能缩写;③回答第二人称,用第一人称回答。 ③特殊疑问句(就划线部分提问)。 1) 方法:将句子被提问(即被划线)的部分改为相对应的疑问词,然后置于句首,接着再将be动词或情态动词提前 (置于疑问词之后),其它部分照抄不变,最后+?(即疑问词+一般疑问句?) e.g. The man in a red cap is her brother. → Who is the man in a red cap? I can sing English songs. → What can you do? 2) 注意:①被提问部分不能再写。 ②提问动词(即提问做某事),在改句子时注意还“do”,表示做什么? 3) 相应的疑问词。 1. 事物 → what e.g. That is a cat. → What is that? 2. 地点 → where He is at home? → Where is he? 3. 人 → who The man is his father. → Who is the man? 4. 怎样(程度,方式) → how She’s fine. → How is she? He can go to school by bus. →How can he go to school? 5. 年龄 → how old Our grandpa is 80. → How old is your grandpa? 6. 班级 → what class We are in Class 2, Grade 1. → What class are you in? 7. 数字 → what My phone number is 2212121→What’s your phone number? 8. 颜色 → what color His car is yellow. → What color is his car? 9. 时间 → what time I can get there at six. → What time can you get there? when I can go with you on Sunday. → When can you go with me? 10. 价钱 → how much The bag is twenty yuan. → How much is the bag? (二)代词: 1、代词的形式 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称 单数 复数 单数 复数 单数 复数 主 格 I we you you he she it they 宾 格 me us you you him her it them 物主代词 my our your your his her its their 我(的) 我们(的) 你们(的) 你们(的) 他(的) 她(的) 它(的) 他们(的) 2、代词的用法 ①动作的发出者,代词用主格,(一般在句首,动词前)。 e.g. He often writes to me. ②动作的承受者,代词用宾格,(一般在句末,动词后、介词后)。 e.g. Let’s ask him. Let’s play with them. ③物的主人,用物主代词。(即代词所有格) 形容词性物主代词后一定要带物,不能单独使用,一般用在名词前。 e.g. This is their classroom. That is my bike. It is her red coat. (三)所有格:表示物或人的“所属”关系。 1、名词所有格的形式: ① 名词之后直接+’s e.g. Mary―Mary’s Kate―Kate’s ② 以s结尾的名词只加 ' e.g. students―students’ 2、以上形式一般只用于有生命的名词,但也可用于表示时间、距离、国家、地点等无生命的名词。e.g. today’s newspaper; an hour’s walk; China’s city 3、注意: ①表示两者或多者共有,在最后一个名词+ ’s。 e.g. Mike and Jim’s room.(共用,用单数) ②如果不是共有,指各有,则各词都应+’s。 e.g. Mike’s and Jim’s rooms. (各有,用复数) 4、表示无生命的名词所有格用of短语表示,但注意词序与汉语习惯不同,形式为:名词+of+名词(前者属于后者)。 e.g. the door of the room. 那房间的门 the picture of my family. 我的家庭的照片 5、注意:有时’s 结构可以转化为of 短语。(对等) e.g. his father’s friends → the friends of his father. the girl’s new computer → the new computer of the girl. the dog’s name → the name of the dog 但不是所有of 结构都有对等的’s结构。因为’s 只用于有生命的词。 (四)名词的数。 1、名词的概念:名词是指表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念名称的词, 如:teacher, school, morning, thanks, ty. 名词按其所表示的事物的性质分为可数名词和不可数名词。 2、可数名词。 1)可数名词是指可以用数目计算是名词,有单复数两种形式。 可数名词包括个体名词:e.g. apple , student. 集体名词:e.g. class people 2)用法: ① 单数名词前可用a, an修饰; ② 之前可以直接用数词; ③ 之前可用a lot of, lots of,many, some等修饰; ④ 提问其数量用How many + 复数名词; 3)可数名词的复数形式: 英语名词复数的构成有规则变化和不规则变化两种形式。 A 规则变化: ① 一般在单词的结尾直接+s; book ― books ② 如果单词以s, x, ch, sh等结尾,+es; bus ― buses ③ 若以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i+es; city ― cities story ― stories ④ 以f或fe结尾,变f或fe为ves;wife ― wives knife ― knives ⑤ 以o结尾, tomato — tomatoes; photo— photos; ⑥ 两个名词用在一起构成合成名词变复数时,只把合成名词的主体名词变成复数。 e.g. banana trees ⑦ 但是以woman, man等名词与其后面的名词构成合成名词变复数时,里面所含的成分全部要变成复数。three women teachers B 不规则变化: ① 单复数同形 Chinese中国人 Japanese日本人 ② 只作复数 trousers clothes chips thanks people(人们) ③ 特殊变化: man―men woman―women foot―feet child―children 3、不可数名词。 1)不可数名词是指不可以用数目计算是名词,它一般没有复数形式。 不可数名词包括物质名词:broccoli. 抽象名词:work, homework. 2)用法:① 不用a, an修饰; ② 前面可用a lot of, lots of, much, some, a little等修饰; ③ 作主语时,都视为单数; ④ 提问其数量时用How much; e.g. How much money do you have? (五)祈使句: 1、祈使句表示请求,命令,建议等,它没有主语(其实是省略了主语you), 以动词开头,动词要用原形,句末用“!”或“.”,读降调。有时为了使语气比较委婉,常在句首或句末加上please.在句末时要用逗号隔开。 e.g. Sit down, please! Let’s go to school. 2、祈使句的否定形式: 一般在句首加Don’t. e.g. Play the piano. → Don’t play the piano. (七)一般现在时。 1、一般现在时的用法: ①表示现在的状态或特征,谓语动词一般是be。 e.g. They are at work. She is very old. ②表示经常性或习惯性动作,谓语动词一般是实义动词。 e.g. We go to school from Monday to Friday. ③表示主语具备的性格和能力。 e.g. I like swimming. Do you speak English? ④普遍真理。e.g. Two plus four is six. The earth goes around the sun. 2、一般时态(一般现在时)的谓语形式。 ①动词be 的人称变化: (略) ②实义动词的变化:主语为单数第三人称,实义动词应+s或es。 (其变化类同于名词的复数形式) 主语为其他人称时,实义动词不变。 3、一般现在时的句型变化。 1)be动词的句式:(略) 2)实义动词的句式:改否定句及疑问句都应借助助动词do或does。 (当主语为单数第三人称时,用does, 同时应将其后的谓语动词还原形)。 ① 改否定句:在实义动词之前+don’t或doesn’t. e.g. We go to school on Sundays. → We don’t go to school on Sundays. He does his homework after supper. → He doesn’t do his homework after supper. ② 改一般疑问句:在句首添加Do或Does,其他照抄,最后加问号。 e.g. They speak English. → Do they speak English? He goes home at five every day. → Does he go home at five every day? ③ 一般疑问句的肯否定回答。 Yes, 主语do. No, 主语don’t. Yes, 主语does. No, 主语doesn’t. e.g. Do they speak English? Does he go home at five every day? Yes, they do. Yes, he does. No, they don’t. No, he doesn’t. ④ 改特殊疑问句:疑问代词+一般疑问句?(do/does+其他?) e.g. I like to eat apple. What do you like to eat? He goes to school every day. Where does he go every day? 4、often, five days a week, every day, on Sundays, sometimes等表示频度的状语通常位于be动词之后,实义动词之前,若句子出现频度副词,通常用一般现在时

4. 七年级下册英语第二单元grammarfocus翻译(人教版)

七年级下册英语十单元grammarfocus翻译:
i'd=i
would
我会
she'd=she
would
她会
what
kind
of
noodles
would
you
like?
你想要那种面条?
i‘d
like
beef
noodles,please.
我想要牛肉面,请。
what
size
would
you
like?
你想要多大的?
i'd
like
a
large
bowl,please.
我要大碗的,请。
would
like
large
blow?
你想要大碗的吗?
yes,please.
是的,请。
is
there
any
meat
in
the
tlmato
and
egg
soup?
西红柿鸡蛋汤中有肉吗?
no,there
isn't
any./no,there's
no
meat.
不,这没有。
countable
nouns
可数名词:
bolws

apples
苹果
carrots
胡萝卜
oranges
橘子
strawberries
草莓
uncountable
nouns
不可数名词:
beef
牛肉
meat

milk
牛奶
mutton
羊肉
water

countable
and
uncountable
nouns
可数和不可数名词:
chicken
鸡肉
salsd
沙拉
ice-cream
冰淇淋
cabbage
白菜
cake
蛋糕

5. 七年级下册英语第二单元的知识、语法总结;复习题。

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?
一. Asking ways: (问路)
1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?
2. Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?
3. How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢?
4. Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?
5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路?
二.Showing the ways: (指路)
1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。
2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。
3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。
4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。
5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形)
三.词组
1. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面
2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市
3. between……and…… 在……和……之间
between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间
among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间
4. in front of…… 在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom. 课室前面有棵树。
in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom.
课室内的前部有张桌子。
5. behind…… 在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面
6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐
on the left/right of……在某物的左/右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边
on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left在我左边
7. go straight 一直走
8. down /along……沿着……(街道 down/along Center Street 沿着中央街
9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近 10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……
11. take /have a walk 散步 12. the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端
at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端 in the beginning 起初,一开始
13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快
我昨天玩得很开心。
I had fun yesterday. I had a good time yesterday. I enjoyed myself yesterday.
14. have a good trip 旅途愉快 15. take a taxi 坐出租车
16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家
arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing. arrive at +小地方I arrive at the bank. reach +地方
17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street横过马路
go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest穿过树林
18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street
at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street
三.重难点解析
1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事 I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。
到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing.
I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。
2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。
hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。
(从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。)
3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。
If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。
If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.
如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。
四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对
1、new—old 2、 quiet--- busy 3 、dirty--- clean 4 、big---- small

Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears?
一.重点词组
eat grass eat leaves be quiet very shy very smart very cute
play with her friends kind of South Africa other animals
at night in the day every day ring the day
二. 交际用语
1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.
2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.
3. Where are lions from? They are from South Africa.
4. What other animals do you like? I like dogs, too. Why? Because they’re friendly and clever.
5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.
6. She’s very shy. 7. He is from Australia.
8.He sleeps ring the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.
9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.
10.Let’s see the pandas first. 11.They’re kind of interesting.
12.What other animals do you like? 13.Why do you want to see the lions?
三. 重点难点释义
1、kind of 有点,稍微 Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。
kind 还有“种类”的意思
如:各种各样的 all kinds of We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.
2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲
China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。
There are many kinds of tigers in China. There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.
3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的
它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。
The people in Cheng are very friendly.
4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起
I usually play chess with my father.
注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时,
如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后,如:
My father and I usually play chess together.
Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…”
I often play with my pet dog. Don’t play with water!
5、day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。
通常说in the day, ring the day, at night。
Koala bears often sleep ring the day and eat leaves at night.
6、leaf n. 叶子
复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves,
knife—knives,scarf---scarfs(scarves)等。
7、hour n. 小时;点钟 hour前边通常加上冠词an 表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。
There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.
8、be from 来自… be from = come from
Pandas are from China. = Pandas come form China.
9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much meat He eats much meat every day.
10、grass n. 草, 为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much grass。
There is much grass on the playground.
四. 语法知识
特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“how old”、“how many”等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。
特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:
1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:
What’s your grandfather’s telephone number?你爷爷的电话号码是多少?
Who is that boy with big eyes?那个大眼睛的男孩是谁?
Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节?
When is he going to play the piano?他什么时候弹钢琴?
Where does he live?他住在哪儿?
How are you? 你好吗? How old are you?你多大了?
How many brothers and sisters do you have? 你有几个兄弟姐妹?
2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:
Who is on ty today? 今天谁值日?
Which man is your teacher? 哪位男士是你的老师?
我们学过的What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。
例如:
I like English. What/How about you? 我喜欢英语。你呢?
What about playing basketball? 打篮球怎么样?

6. 七年级下册英语5单元语法焦点翻译

托福阅读考试离不开词汇的考核,下面小编整理了托福阅读考试的核心词汇,希望能帮助大家备考。
61.in favor of 赞同,支持
The artist was in favor of a traditional style of painting.
62.in quantity 大量,大批
There were also a number of poor-quality figurines and painted pots proced in quantity by easy, inexpensive means.
63.in season 当季
Before the mid-nineteenth century, people in the United States ate most foods only in season.
64.in spite of 尽管,任凭
In spite of problems with their condition, restoration, and preservation many panel paintings have survived.
65.in the absence of 在缺乏…的情况下
The concentrations at which the adverse effects appear will be greater than the concentrations that the pollutants would have in the absence of human activities.
66.in view of 由于
In view of the rate at which the radio sources emit energy, they should disappear in a few million years.
67.instead of 代替
Instead of working with light, however, he worked with microwaves.
68.invest in 投资
He started to invest in the town’s cultural development.
69.lead to 导致,引起
In fact, there is wide agreement that it is the rate of change humans are inflicting, even more than the changes themselves that will lead to biological devastation.
70.leave out 排除
Explanations of animal behavior that leave out any sort of consciousness at all and ascribe actions entirely to instinct leave many questions unanswered.
71.off the mark 不正确
This analogy is not far off the mark.
72.on behalf of 代表
Satire serves to prod people into an awareness of truth though rarely to any action on behalf of truth.
73. on the basis of 在…的基础上
Antoine Lavisher, on the basis of careful experimentation, was led to propose a different theory of burning
74.owing to 由于,因为
Marine sediment is by far the most important environment for the preservation of fossils, owing to the incredible richness of marine life.
75.perceive sth as sth 认为
Although art deco in its many forms was largely perceived as thoroughly modern, it was strongly influenced by the decorative arts movements that immediately preceded it.
76.pick up 学会
Alts make it as easy as they can for babies to pick up a language by exaggerating such cues.
77.put off 推迟
Some tasks could not be done in the winter, other had to be put off ring harvest time.
78.regardless of 不顾
Ultimately, literature is aesthetically valued, regardless of language, culture, or mode of presentation.
79.result from 因..而产生
Most functions result from the needs of the local area and of the surrounding.
80.result in 结果,导致
The upward movement of fieldstones should result in pure soil.
81.set about 开始,动手
African American artists of this period set about creating a new portrayal of themselves and their lives in the United States.
82. set aside 留下将来用
Certain parts of town were restricted to residential use, while others were set aside for instrial or commercial development.
83.so far 到目前为止
The Paris Exhibition of 1889 included both the widest span and the greatest height achieved so far.
84.sort out 把…分类
Clay particles are sorted out by size and weight.
85.spring up 涌现
In the early colonial day in North America, small cities sprang up along the Atlantic Coastline.
86.stem from 起源于
It can be argued that much of New York City’s importance stems from its early and continuing advantage of situation.
87.stretch out 伸展,伸出
The resies from these explosions left huge black marks on the face of Jupiter, some of which have stretched out to form dark ribbons.
88.strive for 为…而奋斗
As they began to strive for social and cultural independence,their attitudes toward themselves changed.
89.take account of sth./take sth into account 考虑到
Artists are recognizing the distinction between public and private spaces, and taking that into account when executing their public commissions.
90.take advantage of 利用
Many families could take advantage of previously unavailable fruits, vegetables, and dairy procts to achieve more varied fare.

7. 七年级下册英语十二单元grammar focus翻译

Grammar Focus
网络 语法重点; 语法聚焦; 语法要点; 语法焦点; 重点语法;
[例句]Elementary: Able to use simple words and grammar, focus on daily life in some simple topic of the dialogue.
能够运用简单的语句及语法,专围绕属日常生活中某些简单的话题进行对话。

8. 七年级下册英语11单元GrammarFocus翻译,在线等,挺急的!

音标:['ɡræmə 'fəukəs ] (谐音:格乱么 佛克丝)
意思:语法重点

9. 英语2单元七年级grammarfocus

Unit 2 What time do you go to school? 语法知识点:

1.英语时间的表达
(1)整点时间可表示为“钟点数+o’clock”或直接读钟点数,省去o’clock。
如: It’sten o’clock a.m. 现在是上午十点整。
(2)非整点时间可直接采取读数法。
如: It’s eight-thirty. 是八点三十分。
注意时间的表达方式:用数词。点与分钟之间用连字如:
eleven-thirty 11点30分 nine-twenty-five 9点25分
6:10 →six-ten 8:50→eight-fifty 9:30→nine-thirty
10:15→ten-fifteen 7:45→sevenforty-five 11:05→eleven-five
(3)非整点时间的分钟数不超过30分钟,也可用介词“past”。如:
6:10→ten pastsix 11:05→five past eleven 10:15→ a quarter past ten或fifteen past ten
8:15→a quarterpast eight或fifteen past eight 9:30→half pastnine或thirty past nine
(4)非整点时间的分钟数超过30分钟,用介词to。如:
11:50→ten totwelve 7:31→twenty-nine to eight
9:45→a quarterto ten或 fifteen to ten 12:59→one tothirteen
此句话还有几种表达方式。如:
Whatis the time? 几点了?
What time is it by your watch? 你的手表显示几点了? It says 2:00 pm.(表示显示的时间)
A: What’s thetime, please? B: It’s twelve o’clock.

2. what time与when
what time翻译为“几点”问的是具体的时间,一般回答要具体到小时。
What time do you go to school? 你什么时候/几点上学?
I goto school at half past seven o’clock. 我七点半去上学。
回答具体到点钟,且注意在几点前边的介词用at。
when也是对时间的提问,但与whattime的区别是:用when提问,回答既可以是具体的时间,也可以是不具体的时间,如:
in the morning,last year,in 1998等范围大的时间,例如:
When does he take a shower?他什么时候洗澡?
He takes a shower in the morning. 他在早上洗澡。
也可用具体时间: I take a shower at 6 o’clock inthe morning. 我早上六点洗澡。

3. 关于一般现在时。(语法重点)
(1)一般现在时态的意义是:
①表示现在的特征或状态。如:He is at home today. 他今天在家。
②表示经常性、习惯性的动作。常和频率副词always, often, usually及every day等表示时间的短语连用。
如:I go to school at 7:00 every day. 我每天7点钟去上学。
③表示主语具备的性格或能力。
如:She likes pears very much. 她非常喜欢梨子。They speak English. 他们讲英语。
(2) 肯定陈述句:当主语是第一、二和第三人称复数时,谓语动词用原形。当主语是第三人称单数时,
谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。 例如:
①They stay at home on Sundays. 他们星期天呆在家。
②He does his homework in the evening. 他在晚上做作业。
(3) 否定句:当主语是第一、二及第三人称复数时,否定句借助助动词do+not,当主语是第三人称单数时,否定句借用does+not,并将动词第三人称单数还原。
例如:
①They don’t stay at home on Sundays. 他们星期天不呆在家里。
②Hedoesn’t do his homework in the evening. 他晚上不做作业。
(4) 疑问句:当主语是第一、第二及第三人称复数时,疑问句在句首加Do。当主语是第三人称单数时,疑问句在句首加Does,并把谓语第三人称单数还原。例如:
①Do they stay at home on Sundays? 他们星期天呆在家吗?
②Does he do his homework in the evening? 他晚上做作业吗?

△以speak为例归纳动词do的各种句式:
肯定式 否定式
I speak English. I do not (don’t) speak English.
You speak English. You do not (don’t) speak English.
He/She/It speaks English. He/She/It does not (doesn’t) speak English.
We/You/They speak English. We/You/They do not (don’t) speak English.

疑问式和简略答语
Do I speak English? Yes, you do. No, you do not (don’t).
Do we speak English? Yes, we/you do. No, we/you do not (don’t).
Do you speak English? Yes, I do. No, I do not (don’t).
Do you speak English? Yes, we do. No, we do not(don’t).
Does he/she/it speak English. Yes, he/she/it does. No, he/she/it does not (doesn’t).
Do they speak English? Yes, they do. No, they do not (don’t).

1. always, usually, often 和sometimes
这四个副词表示行动或动作的频率。
频率最高的是always(总是)
其次是usually(通常,总是)
often(经常,时常)
sometimes(有时)
由于频率副词表示的是经常性的、一般性的动作或情况,不是具体指某一次,因此常常和一般现在时连用,常位于行为动词前面,其他动词(指be动词、情态动词和助动词)的后面。
本单元重点学习usually“通常”。
如:When do you usually get up? 你通常什么时候起床?
I usually get up at six o’clock. 我通常六点起床。
What time does your sister usually get up? 你妹妹通常什么时候起床?
She usually gets up at 6:30. 她通常6:30起床。

2. What a funny time to make breakfast! 多么可笑的做早饭的时间啊! 这是一个以what开头的感叹句,不是特殊疑问句。
△感叹句用来表示感情的喜、怒、哀、乐等,其结构为感叹词(what, how)+强调成分+主语+动词等。what用来强调句中的名词,how用来强调句中的形容词、副词或动词。
例如: What a fine day it is today! 今天天气多好啊!
What interesting books they are! 多有趣的书啊!
How beautiful the garden is! 这个花园多美呀!

3. listen to, hear和sound
△listen to意为“注意听”,表示有意识地去听,但不一定听得见什么,强调听的动作。
(listen不及物,listen to及物) 如:
They are listeningto the teacher. 他们在听老师说。
△hear意为“听见”,表示耳朵里听到了,但不一定有意识地听,强调听的结果。如:
I’m sorry to hearthat. 听到那个消息我很难过。
△sound意为“听起来,听上去”,可作连系动词,后接形容词作表语,还可以和like连用。例如:
The music soundssweet. 这音乐听起来悦耳。

4. To get to work, he takes the number 17 bus to the SaiteHotel.
为了赶去上班,他要乘坐去赛特宾馆的17路公共汽车。
(1)to get to work是动词不定式作目的状语。
(2)take a bus 表示“乘坐公共汽车”。如: I get to school at 8:15. 我八点一刻到达学校。

5. Thanks for your letter. 谢谢你的来信。Thanksfor… 谢谢……,其后接名词,或相当于名词的词。如:
Thanks for your help. 多谢你的帮忙。 Thanks forcoming to see me. 谢谢来看我。

6. I usually get up at around six fifteen. 我通常在大约六点一刻时起床。
around 表示“大约”的意思。around还可表示“在周围,在附近”,“朝……四处”。如:
There are around 100 people in thehall. 大厅里大约有一百人。
She looks around the room. 她环顾一下室内。

11. School starts at nine o’clock. 九点钟学校开始上课。
start动词,表示“开始”的意思,相当于begin。开始做某事如:
What time does the party start? 聚会几点开始?
It starts torain (raining). 开始下雨了。
He usually starts studyingat eight at home. 他在家通常8点开始学习。

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