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新目标英语八年级语法总汇

发布时间:2021-03-16 10:24:15

⑴ 八年级新目标英语语法,句型

新目标英语八年级上笔记
Review of Unit 1-6
I. language goals (语言目标)
1. Talk about how often you do things 谈论做事情的频率。
2. Talk about your health. Make suggestions.
谈论健康话题以及提出建议。
3. Talk about future plans.
谈论未来的计划/打算。
4. Talk about how to get to places.
谈论到达某地的方式。
5. Learn to make invitations, say yes to invitations and say no to invitations and give reasons.
学会发出,接受和拒绝邀请并说出原因。
6. Learn to talk about personal traits and how to compare people.
学会谈论个人品质以及如何比较人们。
II. Key Phrases (重点短语):
1. how often 多长时间一次
2. junk food 垃圾食品
3. a lot of 许多
4. hardly ever 很少
5. start with 以…开始
6. try to do sth. 试着去做某事
7. look after 照料
8. be kind of unhealthy 有点不健康
9. once a day 一天一次
10. twice a month 一个月两次
11. be good for 对…有好处
12. once in a while 偶尔
13. see a doctor / dentist 看病/看牙医
14. get a cold / fever 感冒/发烧
15. have a stomachache 肚子疼
16. have a toothache 牙疼
17. have a sore throat 嗓子疼
18. lie down and rest 躺下休息
19. drink hot tea with honey 喝加蜂蜜的热茶
20. be stressed out 紧张
21. listen to … 听…
22. get tired 变的疲劳
23. keep healthy 保持健康
24. at the moment 此刻;目前
25. watch TV 看电视
26. play basketball 打篮球
27. babysit her sister 照看她的妹妹
28. visit my friend 拜访我的朋友
29. relax at home 在家放松
30. sports camp 运动野营
31. something interesting
32. go hiking / camping / fishing / shopping / sightseeing
去徒步旅行/野营/钓鱼/购物/观光
33. go away 离开
34. get back to school 返回学校
35. stay for a week 呆一个星期
36. go bike riding 骑自行车兜风
37. takes walks 散步
38. rent videos 租录像带
39. sleep a lot 睡得多
40. think about 考虑
41. take the subway / bus / boat / plane
乘地铁/公共车/小船/飞机
42. get to 到达
43. go by bus / plane / boat 乘公共车/飞机/小船
44. train / subway / bus station 火车/地铁/公共车站
45. bus ride 乘公共车的旅行
46. ride a bike 骑自行车
47. bus stop 公共汽车站
48. on foot 步行
49. leave for 离开去…
50. school bus 学校班车
51. the early bus 早班车
52. be different from 与…不同
53. half past six 六点半
54. in North America 在北美洲
55. a quick breakfast 快捷的早餐
56. need to do 需要做…
57. more than 多于
58. play soccer 踢足球
59. baseball game 棒球比赛
60. school team 校队
61. come over to 过来到…
62. the day after tomorrow 后天
63. be good at 擅长于…
64. two years ago 两年前
65. be outgoing 外向的
66. all the time 一直
67. in some ways 在一些方面
68. look the same 看起来一样
69. talk to everyone 与大家谈话
70. make me laugh 使我笑
III. Key Sentence Structures 重要句型:
Unit 1:
1. -What do you usually do on weekends?
-I usually go to the movies.
2. -What does he sometimes do on weekends?
-He sometimes surfs the Internet.
3. How often do you exercise?
I exercise once a week.
4. How often does she eat vegetables?
She eats vegetables three times a day.
5. Most of the students go to the beach every year.
6. It makes a big difference to my grades.
7. My eating habits are pretty good.
Unit 2:
1. What’s the matter?
What’s wrong?
What’s the trouble?
2. I’m not feeling well. I have a cold / fever/ stomachache / sore throat.
/I have a lot of headaches.
3. Maybe you should see the doctor / dentist.
You should drink some hot tea with honey.
4. You shouldn’t eat anything for 24 hours.
5. Don’t get stressed out. It will make you sick.
6. I’m sorry to hear that you are not feeling well.
Unit 3
1. -What is she doing for vacation?
-She is babysitting her little sister.
-That sounds nice / interesting.
2. -When are you going?
-I’m going on Monday.
3. -Where are they going?
-They are going to Tibet.
4. -Who is she going with?
-She is going with her parents.
5. -How long is he staying.
-He is staying for a week.
6. -How is the weather there?
-I’m hoping the weather will be nice.
7. He is leaving for Hong Kong the first week in June.
8. Have a good time.
Unit 4:
1. -How do you get to school?
-I get to school by bus.
2. -How does he go to work?
-He usually walks to school.
3. -How long does it take?
-It takes about twenty minutes.
4. -How far is it from his home to school?
-It’s three miles.
5. What do you think of the transportation in your town?
Unit 5:
1. -Can you come to my party on Wednesday?
-Sure, I’d love to. / I’m sorry, I have to have a piano lesson.
2. -Can she go to the movies on Saturday?
-No, she can’t. She has to help her mom.
3. -Can you go to the concert on Monday?
-When is it?
-It’s at four o’clock on Friday.
4. Thanks a lot for the invitation.
5. I’m going to study for a test this evening.
6. What’s the date today?
Unit 6
1. Pedro is funnier than Paul.
2. Tina is (a little)taller than Tara.
3. I am more athletic than my best friend.
4. My hair is longer than hers.
5. Liu Ying is not as good as her sister.
6. In some ways, we look the same.
7. For me, a good friend likes doing the same things as me.
8. I’m quieter than most of the kids in my class, and so is my friend.
9. Who do you think should get the job, Ruth or Rose?

IV. Grammar语法:
Unit 1:
1. 表频率的词汇和短语:
always usually often never hardly ever
sometimes seldom once a day twice a month
three times a week every two weeks once in a while
2. 做事情的频率(how often you do things):
-What do you usually do in the morning?
-I usually read English books. Sometimes I walk in the garden.
I hardly ever exercise. I eat vegetables twice a week, but I never eat junk food.
3. 如何提问频率“多久一次”
-How often does he play tennis?
-He plays tennis every day.

-How often do you drink milk?
-I drink milk once a day.

-How often do they go to the movies?
-Sometimes.

Unit 2:
1. 询问别人身体状况:
What’s wrong with you?
What’s the matter with you?
What’s the trouble?
2. 提出建议(give advice and make suggestions)
-What’s wrong with you?
-I have a headache.
-You should go to bed and have a rest. You shouldn’t work late.
-I have a fever.
-You should drink a lot of water. You shouldn’t be stressed out.

Unit 3:
一般将来时:
1. 现在进行时“be+动词ing”可以用来表示一个在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作。
-What are you doing for vacation?
-I’m visiting Tibet.
-Where are you going on May Day?
-I’m going to the beach.

-How many students are coming to out party tomorrow?
-Fifty.
2. “be going to +动词原形”表示主观打算去做某事,表示“人”打算,计划,决定要去做的事。
They are going to travel in China.
Look at the clouds! It is going to rain.
-Are you going to be a teacher when you grow up?
-Yes, I am.
3. 用“shall+动词原形”或“will+动词原形”表示一般将来时。
(shall只用于第一人称)
We shall go to the beach this Sunday.
My brother will finish middle school in a year.
These birds won’t fly to the south in winter.
When will they begin the work?

Unit 4:
谈论如何到达某地,以及以何种方式到达某地。
-How do you get to the museum?
-I get to the museum by subway. Sometimes I ride my bike to the museum.
注意区别:
(1)take the bus = go by bus
eg: I take the bus to get to school.
= I get to school by bus.
take the train = go by train
eg: He takes the train to go to school.
He gets to school by train.
take the subway = go by subway
take a taxi = go by taxi
go in a car = go by car
ride a bike = go by bike
walk = go on foot

How引导的疑问句:
1. How does Lucia get to work? (提问方式“如何”)
2. Dave is going to travel to Paris by plane. How long does it take?
(提问时间长短“多长时间”)
3. How far is it from the post office to the museum?
(提问距离“多远”)
4. How often does Kate swim in the river? (提问频率“多久一次”)
5. How old is the little boy? (提问年龄“多大”)
6. How many cows are there? (提问数量“多少”many后跟可数名词)
7. How much water is there in the bottle?
(提问数量“多少”much后跟不可数名词)
8. How much is the doll?
(提问价钱“多少钱”)
9. How tall is his teacher?
(提问高度“多高”)
10. How was the weather?
(提问程度“怎样”)
Unit 5
情态动词“can”表示可能性,或现在决定将来的事。
练习用“Can …? ”发出邀请,接受或拒绝并给出原因:
-Can you come to my party on Monday?
-Sure, I’d love to. / Sorry, I can’t. I have to study for a test.
-Can she go to the movies?
-No, she can’t. She has to do her homework.
-Can he go to the football game tomorrow?
-No, he can’t. He has a driving lessons.
-Can they go to the concert tonight?
-No, they can’t. They are visiting their uncle.

Unit 6:
形容词比较级:
形容词比较级是用来表示事物的等级差别。
I. 形容词比较级的构成:
规则变化:
1. 一般单音节词末尾加-er。
tall-taller great-greater
2. 以不发音的e结尾的单音节词和少数以-le结尾的双音节词只加-r。
nice-nicer large-larger able-abler
3. 以一个辅音字母结尾的闭音节单音节词,双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-er。
big-bigger hot-hotter
4. “辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,改y为i,再加-er。
easy-easier busy-busier
5. 少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词末尾加-er.
clever-cleverer narrow-narrower
6. 其他双音节词和多音节词,在前面加more来构成比较级。
important-more important beautiful-more beautiful
不规则变化:
good-better
well(健康的)-better
bad-worse ill-worse
old-older / elder
many-more
much-more
little(少的)-less
far(远的)-farther / further

II. 比较级句型:
1. 比较级+than … …比…较为
A +动词+形容词比较级+than+B.
两者相比较,A比B更…一些。
I am older than you.
Mary is happier than Jane.
His brother is younger than I(me).
Beijing is more beautiful than Wuhan.
My sister has longer hair than Tara.
Her mother is thinner than her father.
Jack is taller than Tom.
2. as…as
A+动词+as+形容词原级+as+B.表示A和B两者比较,程度相同,“…和…相同”。
My uncle is as tall as your father.
Tom is as honest as John.
My dog is as old as that one.
A…+not+as+形容词原级+as+B 表示A,B两者程度不同,即A不如B那么…
My uncle is not as tall as your father.
Tom is not as honest as John.
This jacket is not as cheap as that one.
3. the same as 与…相同。
My friend is the same as me. We are both quiet.
A good friend likes to do the same things as me.

新目标英语八年级上学期重点句型复习精要
1. How often do you exercise? I exercise twice a week.
2. How often does he go shopping? He goes shopping once a month.
3. What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.
4. What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking.
5. I try to eat a lot of vegetables; I think it's good for my health.
6. What's the matter? I have a cold. I' sorry to hear that.
7. I'm not feeling well; I hope you feel better soon.
8. She has a toothache, she should see a dentist.
9. It's important to eat a balanced diet.
10. Everyone gets tired sometimes.
11. What are you doing for vacation? I'm babysitting my sister.
12. When are you going? I'm going on the 12th.
13. I'm going to Tibet for a week. ------ Have a good time.
14. How long are you staying? For about three weeks.
14. Who are you going with? I'm going with my friends.
15. How's the weather? = what's the weather like? It's sunny today.
16. This time I want to do something different.
17. He thought about going to Greens or Spain. But decide on Canada.
18. He plans to have a very relaxing vacation.
19. Can I ask you some question about your vacation? Yes, sure.
20. She's leaving for Hong Kong on Tuesday.
21. How do you get to school? I get to school by subway. = I take the subway to school.
22. How long does it take? It takes about forty minutes.
23. How far do you live from school? I live ten miles from school
24. Can you come to my birthday party on Friday? Yes, sure, Sorry, I can't.
25. I'm more outgoing than my sister.
26. My friend is the same as me.
27. Liu Ying isn't as good at sports as her sister.
28. She's a little more popular than me.
29. We are both quiet. We both have black eyes and black hair. We both enjoy going to parties.
30. He is good at school work; She is good at playing basketball.
31. I think a good friend can make me laugh.
32. I like to have friends who are like me. I like to have friends who are different from me.
33. How do you make a banana smoothie? Peel three bananas, cut up the bananas, put the bananas and the yogurt into the blender, pour the milk into the blender, turn on the blender, drink the smoothie.
34. How many tomatoes do we need? We need two tomatoes.
35. How much cinnamon do we need? We need two teaspoons of cinnamon.
36. Finally mix it all up.
37. Put some relish on a slice of bread.
38. Here's a recipe for a great turkey sandwich.
39. How was your school trip? It was really boring.
40. Did you go to the zoo? No. I didn't. I went to aquarium.
41. Were there any sharks? No, there weren't. but there were some really smart seals.
42. Did Tina buy a souvenir? No, she didn't, her friend Grace bought a souvenir.
43. Tina met a famous actor.
45. Tina got Jack Denis's autograph.
46. Class 9 had a great time on the school trip.
47. How was your day off? It was really boring.
48. Did you have fun camping?49. I didn't have a very fun day.
49. Maria won the first prize in yesterday's singing competition,
50. When was he born? He was born in 1973.
51. Who's that? That's Deng Yaping, she's a great Chinese ping pong player.
52. How long did Charles Smith hiccup? He hiccupped for 69years and 5 month.
53. When did he start sneezing? He sneezed in 1922.
54. You're never too young to start doing things.
55. Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.
56. Who's Shirley Temple? She's a movie star.
57. When did she become a movie star? She became a movie star when she was three years old.
58. How old were you when you first went to a movie? She first went to a movie when she was three years old.
59. She started ice skating when she was four.
60. I saw her play when I was eight. She toured the US when she was fourteen.
61. He started to learn the piano when he was seven. He began to learn the accordion at the age of four.
62. What are you going to be when you grow up? I am going to be a computer programmer.
63. How are you going to do that? I'm going to study computer science
64. I'm going to move somewhere interesting. I'm going to find a part-time job. I'm going to study French at the same time.
65. I'm going to travel all over the world. I'm going to somewhere quiet and beautiful.
66. Could you please clean your room? Yes, sure.
67. Could you take out the trash? Yes, I can/ No, I can't.
68. I hate to do chores. I hate doing the dishes, it's so boring.
69. Thanks a lot for taking care of my dog?
70. Don't forget to clean his bed.
71. What's the best radio station? What's the best movie theater? It's the cheapest, it has the most comfortable seats.
72. Who's the best performer? Eliza was the best performer.
73. Last week's talent show was a great success.
75. What did you learn in school today? I learned English, Chinese and math

⑵ 八年级上学期的英语语法总结(全部)!

一、只能修饰可数名词的词语有:
many, many a(n), a good / great many, a (great / large) number of, scores of, dozens of等。例如:
Scores of people went there in the first few days after its opening.
开张后的头几天,很多人去了那儿。
I have been there dozens of times.
我已去过那儿很多次了。
There’re a number of students reading English in the classroom.
教室里有许多学生在读英语。
Many a student has(=many students have)visited the Great Wall.(谓语动词用单数)
很多学生都游览过长城。
In winter, a good many animals sleep under the snow.
冬天很多动物在雪下冬眠。
注意: many所修饰的复数名词前若有限定词,many 后面要接of, 表示“……中的很多”。 例如:
A great many(of the) graates have found jobs.
毕业生中很多人已经找到了工作。
二、只能修饰不可数名词的词语有:
much, a great deal of, a great / large amount of等。例如:
Is there much water in the bucket?
桶里有很多水吗?
He always has a great amount of work to do.
他总是有很多工作要做。
三、既能修饰可数名词又能修饰不可数名词的词语有:
a lot of, lots of, plenty of (以上三个词语后谓语动词的数依of 后的名词的单复数而定),a great / large quantity of (其后谓语用单数),quantities of (其后谓语用复数)。例如:
There is still lots of snow in the garden.
花园里还有许多雪。
There is plenty of rain here.
这儿的雨水很多。
A great quantity of flowers was placed in the hall.
大厅里放了很多鲜花。
There are large quantities of food in the cupboard.
橱柜里有许多食物。
在所有这些表示“很多”的词语中many, much 是最常用的词,它们既可以用于肯定句,也可以用于疑问句和否定句。例如:
Are there many people in the street?
街上有很多人吗?
There isn’t much time left.
剩下的时间不多了。
其它的词语都用于肯定句,日常会话中常用lots of, a lot of 或plenty of; 正式文体中常用 a great many, a (large) number of, a great deal of, scores of 或 dozens of 等。但若肯定句中有too, so, as, very或how 等词修饰时,则必须使用 many, much。例如:
The number of the people who lost their homes reached as many as 250,000.
无家可归的人数多达250,000人。
There is too much work to do.
要做的工作太多了。

或者是这样的,你自己看下,哪Unit 1 How often do you exercise?
Grammar: 特殊疑问句:wh-questions: what, who, where, when, which, whose, why, whom等。
特殊疑问句的构成及用法:
结构:特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句, 即:特殊疑问词+be/助动词/情态动词+主语+谓语/表语(+其他)
疑问代词:
1) Who:谁。做主语,用来指人 Who is the boy under the tree?
2)Whom 谁,做宾语,用来指人 Whom are you writing to?
3) Whose 谁的,用来指所属关系,如果做定语,一般后接名词 Whose pen is this?
4) Which 哪个,哪些,用来指对人或物在一定范围之内进行选择 Which grils will in the sports meeting? Which pen is Lily’s?
5)What什么,通常指物,也可指人,一般用在没有指出范围的情况下 What can you see in the picture? What are you doing now?
疑问副词:
When:何时,询问时间 When will she come back?
Where何地,询问地点, Where do you come from?
Why为什么,询问原因, Why are you late for school?
How 如何,询问手段、方式、工具以及程度等 How do you usually go to school?
How old多大,询问年龄,How old is Jim’s little brother?
How many/much多少,询问数量 How many birds are there in the tree?
How far多远,询问距离, How far is it form your home to school?
How long多长,多久,询问时间的长度或距离 How long will you stay in Beijing?
How often多长时间按一次,询问频率 How often do you go to see your grandparents?
How soon多久,询问时间 How soon will you come back?
频率副词:表示动作发生的频率,never, sometimes, often, usually, always.
Unit 2 What’s the matter with you?
Grammar:
1. 用have 来描述身体不适 have/have got a +疾病名字;得了……病
2.情态动词should,情态动词should,can, may, must没有人称和时态的变化,后接动词原形
Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?
Grammar:现在进行时表将来 一般将来时
表示将要做某事或计划打算做某事要用到句型“be+doing”其中be是助动词,它有人称和单复数的变化。Be: am, is, are. be + v.ing是现在进行时的形式,但用于表示将来。用进行时表将来,常用于表示即将来临的未来预定要做的事情,一般指个人计划要做的事。用于此情况的动词一般是表示位置转移的动词,如,go, come, leave, start, arrive, move等。
一.肯定句中,结构为“be+doing.”
I am going shopping this afternoon.
二.否定句是在be之后加not. I’m not going to shopping this afternoon.
三.一般疑问句是将be置于句首 Are you going shopping this afternoon?—Yes, I am/ we are. No, I’m not./ We aren’t.
四.特殊疑问句“疑问词+一般疑问句语序。”
What are you doing for vacation? When is he going camping?
Who are you going there with? Where is she going?

Unit 4 How do you get to school?
Grammar: How引导的特殊疑问句:是指以How, how far, how long, how old,how many, how much等词开头的疑问句。
How does he get to shool?---- He takes the train to get to shool.
How long does it take to walk? ----It takes about 35 minutes to walk.
How far is it from your home to school? It’s four miles from my home to school.
How old is he now? She is twelve years old now.
How many storybooks do you have? I have five storybooks.
How much is this coat? This coat is 200 yuan.
特殊疑问句的简略结构:how about…?+ 名词或动词-ing形式,用于提出建议、请求或征求意见、询问消息等。如:How about playing tennis?
Unit 5 Can you come to my party?
Grammar:情态动词can及邀请句式及其问答
情态动词can的用法:
Can 是最长用的情态动词,其后跟动词原形,can的否定形式为cannot,can’t.
can表“能力”,意思是:能,会 I can paly basketball,but I can’t swim.
can表示能力时可和be able to 互换,be able to有更多的时态,常被用来表示can所 不能表示的将来或完成的概念。E.g. They will be able to run this machine on their own in three months.
表示“可能性”,意思是:可以,可能。That big cinema can seat 5,000 people.
表示允许,意思是可以能够 You can have the book when I have finished it.
表示“惊讶、不相信等(用于疑问句、否定句或感叹句中”。意思是“会、可能。”
This can’t be true. Can it be true?
如何发出、接受和谢绝别人的邀请
表达邀请的常用句型:
Can you come to…?
Could you come to…?
Would you like to come to…?
Do you want to come to…?
接受邀请的常用句型:
Sure. Certainly. OK. I’d love to.
谢绝邀请的常用句型:
I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to…
I’m afraid I can’t. I have to…
I don’t think I can. I have to…
Unit 6 I’m more outgoing than my sister.
Grammar:形容词的比较级
规则变化、不规则变化(课本P93)
than 是比较级中最常见的标志词,意思是“比”。用于引出比较的对象。1.He draws better than me.2.You’re older than I am. You are older than me.
形容词比较级前,有时可以用much,far, a little,a bit, even, three times等词来修饰。Much 和far表示“……得多”,much better好得多,a little, a bit表示稍微,一些,一点。a little shorter, 稍微矮点;even表示“甚至,更加,还要……”even bigger还要大些,three times表示 “…三倍”,如three times bigger than 比……大三倍
Very绝不可以用来修饰比较级,very,so,too, quite 修饰原级
Unit 7 How do you make banana milk shake?
Grammar: 可数名词与不可数名词
一.可数名词
英语中的物质名词大体上可分为可数名词和不可数名词。可数名词指物体的数量可数。其单数形式可在名词前加a或an,表示一个,如a pear. 其负数形式要在词尾加-s,或-es(特殊情况除外),如two bananas, three tomatoes. Many many apples a few students few bags
二.不可数名词
1.不可数名词指物体的数量不可数。不可数名词没有单复数之分,也不能在词前直接加冠词a 或an.表示不可数名词的数量时可在不可数名词前加相应的由量词构成的短语。如a bag of… 2.常见的量词短语有:
a piece of… a cup of… a teaspoon of… a bottle of…
3.不可数名词还可以用下面的词表示数量:much much rain a little little
4.既可以修饰不可数名词又可以修饰不可数名词的词有:
Lots of= a lot of许多,大量 some一些(用于肯定句)any一些(用于否定句和一般疑问句)
Unit 8 How was your school trip?
Grammar:
一般过去时:指在过去某一时间内发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去意义的时间状语连用。如:yesterday, last year(week,month…),two years ago, in2006等。有时也可用when,after,before, as soon as引导的时间状语从句。该时态在句中的体现是谓语动词用过去式。谓语be动词→was/were 否定:wasn’t /weren’t
Be动词句型
一般疑问句:was/were +主语…
特殊疑问句:疑问词+was/were+主语
陈述句:主语+was/were+…(肯定句) 否定句:主语+wasn’t/weren’t+…
行为动词句型(当句中的动词为行为动词时,要借助动词did构成一般疑问句和否定句)
肯定式:主语+动词过去式
否定式:主语+didn’t+动词原形
一般疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形
特殊疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形
Unit 9 When was he born?
Grammar: 一般过去时的特殊疑问句
一般过去时的特殊疑问句的变法同一般现在时一样,不同之处在于须将be动词或助动词改为过去时态,即“特殊疑问词+were或was(第三人称单数)+主语+(表语)+其他成分”或“特殊疑问词+助动词did+主语+实义动词+其他成分。”
以when引导的特殊疑问句,对某人的出生年月进行提问,句型是:
When was/were…born? … was/were born in +时间
When was David beckham born? 大卫.贝克汉姆是什么时候出生的?He was born in 1975.
二.以how long 引导的特殊疑问句,对表示某一短时间的状语进行提问。句型是:
How long did + 主语+动词?
How long did Charles Smith hiccup? He hiccupped for 69 years and 5 months.
三.When did he start hiccupping? 他什么时候开始打嗝?When +did+主语+动词?
Unit 10 I’m going to be a basketball player.
Grammar:一般将来时
表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用。
1. be going to + 动词原形 What are you going to do next Sunday?
2. will/shall + 动词原形 I will go to my hometown next week.
3.be +v.ing The Greens are moving to another city the day after tomorrow.
4. be +动词不定式 You are to be back by 10 o’clock.
5. be + about + 动词不定式 The meeting is about to begin.
Unit 11 Could you please clean your room?
Grammar:情态动词
情态动词,表示说话者对某一动作的看法和态度,包括可能、怀疑、允许、愿望、必要、猜测等。Can(能、会),may( 可以),must( 必须、一定)等。
情态动词的特点:(1)情态动词有一定词义,但不能单独作谓语,必须和另一个动词原形一起构成谓语,且没有人称和数的变化。1. I can speak English. 2. She must be a teacher. 3. We may go home now.
(2)变否定句时,直接在情态动词后面加not,无需加助动词。He can’t play the guitar well.
He can’t answer the question. You mustn’t be late.
(3)含有情态动词的句子变一般疑问句时,须将情态动词提前。Can you help me? Must I go there at once?
(4)can 可表示能力、允许、可能性、怀疑猜测,意为“能,会,可以。”can’t, 意为“不能,不会,不可以。”,还有“不可能”之意。
--Can you drive? – Sorry, I can’t. It can’t be true.
(5)can 也可表示请求与邀请
Can you please sweep the floor?
Unit12 What’s the best radio station?
Grammar:形容词/副词的最高级,用于三者或三者以上的人或事物之间的比较,表示在一群人或事物中,其中一个 “最……”见课本p93语法
the +最高级 She is the tallest of all her classmates.
最高级可被序数词以及much, by far,nearly,almost, by no means, not quite,not really, nothing like等修饰。This hat is by far the biggest.
表示最高程度的形容词,excellent, extreme, prefect等没有最高级也不能用比较级。He is an excellent teacher.
形容词最高级间修饰做表语或介词并与的名词代词是,被修饰的词往往省略。
He is the youngest (boy) in his class.
Who/Which +be+最高级,A,B,or C? Who is the most useful, a bicycle, a motorcycle,or a car?
the +序数词+最高级 He is the second tallest student in our class.
One of the +最高级+复数名词 The Yellow River is one of the longest rivers in China.个完整你选择哪个吧!

⑶ 2014人教版新目标八年级下册英语语法汇总

一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或者存在的状态。通常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如
tomorrow,
the
day after tomorrow, next year, next month, next week, in 100 years
等。

be going to do

(动词原形)结构:表示打算、准备做的事情或者肯定要发生的事情。如:
It is going to rain.

will do

结构表示将来的用法:

1.
表示预见

Do you think it will rain?

You will feel better after a good rest.

2.
表示意图

I will borrow a book from our school library tomorrow.

What will she do tomorrow?

基本构成如下:

一般疑问句构成:


1

will+
主语
+do

? Will Sarah come to visit me next Sunday?


2

there be
结构的一般疑问句:
Will there + be

?

Will there be fewer trees? Yes, there will. / No, there won’t

否定句构成:
will + not

won’t

+do

Sarah won’t come to visit me next Sunday.

特殊疑问句构成:

特殊疑问词+
will
+主语+„?
What will Sarah do next Sunday?

★★练一练★★

根据例句,用
will
改写下列各句

例:
I don’t feel well today.

be better tomorrow


I’ll be better tomorrow
.

1. Gina has six classes today.

have a lot of homework tonight


_____________________________

2. I’m tired now.

sleep later


_____________________________

3. My parents need a new car.

buy one soon


_____________________________

4. We can’t leave right now.

leave a little later


_____________________________

5. The weather is awful today.

be better tomorrow


_____________________________
答案:
1. She’ll have a lot of homework tonight.

2. I’ll sleep later.

3. They’ll buy one soon.

4. We’ll leave a little later.

5. Maybe it’ll be better tomorrow.

⑷ 八年级英语[新目标]上语法单元总结

It's+adj.+for+sb.+to+do sth. 对某人来说做某事怎么样 It's+adj.+of+sb.+to+do+sth. 某人做某事是一个怎样的人 一般疑问句some 要变成any.表示意愿色彩,有请求意思的不变.如;以could.can.may.would等做疑问词的句子 ask sb for help 请求某人帮助 plan to do sth 计划做某事 forget to do sth 忘记去做某事 forget dong sth 忘记做了某事 finish dong sth完成某事 leave a piace 离开某地 leave for a place 离开到某地去 decide to do sth decide on dong sth决定做某事(两个都是) go away for too long (出远门太久) for 后面一般接时间段 send sb sth =send sth to sb寄某物给某人 send sb sth from a place 从某地寄给某人某物 get back to a place 回到某处 give sth back 归还某物 get sth back要回某物 动副结构,代词放中间 as for +n.(Ving) 至于某事 看医生只能用see maybe在句首作定语 may be 在主语后做谓语 the same as与什么相同 be different from 与什么不同 very often 经常,只用在句尾 make a difference 使什么不同 try to do sth尽力做某事 the result of +n.(Ving)某事的结果 try one's best to do sth 竭尽全力做某事 形容词修饰不定代词放在后面 ask sb for help 请求某人帮助 plan to do sth 计划做某事 forget to do sth 忘记去做某事 forget dong sth 忘记做了某事 finish dong sth完成某事 leave a piace 离开某地 leave for a place 离开到某地去 decide to do sth decide on dong sth决定做某事(两个都是) go away for too long (出远门太久) for 后面一般接时间段 send sb sth =send sth to sb寄某物给某人 send sb sth from a place 从某地寄给某人某物 get back to a place 回到某处 give sth back 归还某物 get sth back要回某物 动副结构,代词放中间 as for +n.(Ving) 至于某事 看医生只能用see maybe在句首作定语 may be 在主语后做谓语 the same as与什么相同 第五单元主要是询问别人是否参加某个活动,还有别人的回答,如果别人不去,还有不去的原因,一般有这么几个句子:Can you come to ……?Yes,I'd love(like) to./No,……(不去的原因) 也有这样的回答:I'd love(like) to,but……(写不去的原因) 如果说五单元的作文嘛,一般都是写拒绝别人的邀请的信,里面一般写自己不去那个活动的原因,文章的开头一般这么写:Thank you for your invitation. 要说五单元的词组,比较重要的是时间前面用的介词,像from……to……从几点到几点,还有在具体某一天前用on,在点时间前面有用at,这一点你可以看看书上的介词,再者就是一些固定短语,像study for a test为考试做准备等等。 六单元注重的是一个很重要的比较级句型,比较一个人和另一个人的不同,有这样一个句型:A+be+adj(比较级)+than+B(这里的A、B指人或物,adj是形容词)。 六单元有这样一对重要句子,这一个句子一弄懂,六单元基本上没问题了: Tom has longer hair than Sam. =Tom's hair is longer than Sam's.(注意!这里的Sam后面的s不能掉,这里的Sam's代指Sam's hair,属于本单元的一个难点。) 如果说六单元的作文,应该就是向别人介绍一个人和另一个人的不同,但可考性不大,词组也没有多少,但要记住形容词和副词的比较级,什么词的比较级只在词的前面加more,什么词的比较级只在后面加-er,是本单元要死记硬背的一个东西。

⑸ 新目标八年级上的语法有那些

您好,
新目标英语八年级(上)英语期末复习
重点短语、词组和句型
Unit 1
on weekends 在周末
go to the movies 去看电影
watch TV 看电视
surf the Internet 上网冲浪
twice a week 一周两次
once a month 一月一次
three times a day 一天三次
be good for 对……有好处
junk food 垃圾食品
how often 多久一次
look after 照看
eating habit 饮食习惯
as for 就…而言
stay / keep healthy 保持健康
make a big difference 有很大不同、对…很重要
1.What does she do on weekends? 她在周末常干什么?
2.She often goes to the movies. 她经常去看电影。
3.I watch TV every day. 我每天都看电视。
4.We often surf the Internet. 我们经常上网。
5.I read English books about twice a week. 我大约一周两次看英语书。
6.I shop once a month. 我每月购物一次。
7.She says it’s good for my health. 她说这对我的健康有利。
8. How often do you eat junk food? 你多久一次吃垃圾食品?
9.I look after my health. 我照看我的健康。
10. My eating habits are pretty good. 我的饮食习惯相当好。
Unit 2
have a sore throat 喉咙痛
see a dentist 看牙医
yang foods 阳性食物
be stressed out 压力大
a balanced died 平衡饮食
healthy food 健康食品
go to bed 上床睡觉
listen to music 听音乐
conversation practice 对话练习
a lot of 很多 、很厉害
1.I have a sore throat. 我喉咙痛。
2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 也许你应该看看牙医。
3.You should eat hot yang foods, like beef .你应该吃热的阳性食品,像牛肉。
4. I’m stressed out. 我压力太大。
5. It’s important to eat a balanced diet. 平衡饮食很重要。
6.You should eat fruit and other healthy food. 你一个吃水果和其它的健康食品。
7. You should lie down and rest. 你应该躺下来休息。
8. I like to listen to music. 我喜欢听音乐。
9. I really need some conversation practice. 我真的需要一些对话练习。
10. I have a lot of headaches. 我头痛得很厉害。
11.What’s the matter (with you )? (你)怎么啦?I’m not feeling well. 我感觉不舒服。
12. That’s a good idea. 好主意。
13. I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你尽快好起来。
Unit 3
for vacation度假
babysit sb.…照顾(婴儿)
how long多久
go sightseeing去观光
go fishing去钓鱼
rent videos租赁录像带
go camping去野营
on Monday在周一
go hiking去远足
go bike riding去骑车
take walks散步
an exciting vacation一个令人激动的假期
a no-stress vacation一个没有压力的假期
1.What are you doing for vacation?你假期要干什么?
2.He's going camping with his parents.他要和父母去野营。
3.She's babysitting her sister.她要照看她妹妹。
4.I'm going on Monday.周一我要去。
5.How long are you staying?你要呆多长时间?
6.I'm going hiking in the mountains.我要到山中远足。
7.I'm going sightseeing.我要去观光。
8.I'm taking walks,going fishing,and going bike riding. 我要散步,钓鱼,骑自行车。
9.I'm renting videos and sleeping a lot.
我要租赁录像带并且要大睡一觉。
10.I want an exciting vacation! A no-stress vacation! 我要过一个令人激动的假期!一个没有压力的假期!
Unit 4
get to school到达学校
how far多远
from…to…从……到……
ride one's bike骑自行车
the subway station地铁站
take the bus坐公共汽车
the most popular最流行的
think of看待,认为
North America北美
be different from与……不同
depend on依靠,依赖
1.How does Emilio get to school?爱米丽欧怎么去学校?
2 .How far is it from your home to school ?从你家到学校有多远?
3.How long does it take you to get from home to school? 从家到学校你花费多长时间?
4_I ride my bike to the subway station.我骑车去地铁车站。
5.In North America,not all students take the bus to sch001.在北美,并非所有学生坐公共汽车去学校。
6.In China,bikes and buses are the most popular means of transportation.在中国,自行车和公共汽车是最流行的交通方式。
7.What do you think of the transportation in your town? 你认为你们镇上的交通情况如何?
8.Other parts of the world are different from the United States.世界上其他地方与美国不同。
9. It depends on where you are. 它取决于你在哪里。
Unit 5
come to 来到
have /take a piano lesson 上一节钢琴课
would love to…愿意…一
too much太多
play soccer踢足球
go to the doctor去看医生,去看病
study for a test 准备考试
have to不得不;必须
the day after tomorrow 后天
the science report科学报告
1.Can you come to my party on Wednesday?
你星期三能来参加我的晚会吗?
2.Sorry。I can't.I have a piano lesson.
对不起,我不能。我要上钢琴课。
3.Sure.I'd love to.当然,我愿意。
4.I'm playing soccer.我在踢足球。
5.I have too much homework(to do) this weekend .这个周末我有太多家庭作业(要做)。
6.I have to go to the doctor.我得去看医生。
7.On Thursday,I'm studying for a test.周四,我要备考。
8.I can't join you because I have to help my mom? 我不能参加,因为我要帮我妈妈干活。
9.I'm having a piano lesson the day after tomorrow?后天我要上钢琴课。
10.Can you come over to my house to discuss the science report':你能来我家讨论这份科学报告吗?
Unit 6
be outgoing爱抛头露面
short hair短发
more athletic更健美
as…as同……一样…
the same as 同……一样
lots of许多
look the same看起来一样
be good at /do well in 擅长 …
make sb.1augh使……发笑
3 centimeters taller高了三厘米
1.I'm more outgoing than my sister.我比我妹妹更爱出风头。
2.He has shorter hair than Sam.他的头发比山姆的短。
3.Tom is more athletic than Sam.汤姆比山姆更健美。
4.Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister.刘莹不如她姐姐擅长体育。
5.Both girls go to lots of parties.两个女孩都参加了许多晚会。
6.In some ways we look the same,and in some ways we look different?在某些方面,我们看起来一样,在某些方面,我们看起来不同。
7.My good friend is good at schoolwork.我的好朋友爱好干学校事务。
8.I think a good friend makes me laugh.我认为好朋友会使我发笑。
9.I'm about 3 centimeters taller now.我现在(比以前)高了3厘米。
Unit 7
turn on打开
pour…into…把……倒人
put…into...把……放入……内
2 teaspoons of relish两茶匙调味品
cut up切碎
put…on...把……放到……上
add…to… 把……加入……中
mix up 混合在一起
make a banana smoothie做香蕉思木西
1.Turn on the blender.打开果汁搅拌机。
2.Cut up the bananas.切开香蕉。
3.Pour the milk into the blender.将牛奶倒入果汁机里。
4.Put some relish on a slice of bread.将调味品涂到一片面包上。
5.Put the bananas and yogurt into the blender.将香蕉和酸奶倒人果汁机。
6.How do you make a banana smoothie?你如何做香蕉思木西饮料?
7.First, put 1 teaspoon of mayonnaise on the sandwich.首先,在三明治上放一茶匙蛋黄酱。
Unit 8
go to the aquarium去水族馆
take photos照相
hang out with one’s friends与朋友闲逛
buy a souvenir买纪念品
a famous actor一个著名演员
go to the zoo去动物园
eat some ice cream吃些冰淇淋
go for a drive开车兜风
win a /(the first )prize赢得奖品(第一名)
have a yard sale 进行庭院旧货出售
school trip学校组织的旅行
1.I went to the aquarium,I didn't go to the zoo我去了水族馆,我没去动物园。
2.Did you take any photos?你照相了吗?
3.I’d like to eat some ice cream.我愿意吃些冰淇淋
4.We often hang out with our friends.我们经常同朋友一起m去闲逛。
5.Would you like to go for a drive?你愿意去开车兜风吗?
6.Did Tina buy a souvenir?蒂纳买纪念品了吗?
7.Toby won a prize.托比赢了奖金。
8.Did Tina meet a famous actor?蒂纳遇见一位著名演员了吗?
9.The students had a terrible school trip.同学们度过了一次糟糕的学校旅行
Unit 9
a great Chinese ping—pong player一位了不起的中国乒乓球运动员
be born in 出生于……
for example例如……
too…to… 太……而不能……
a professional soccer star 一个专业的足球明星
a movie star一位影星
a loving grandfather一位慈爱的爷爷
free time业余时间;空余时间
a skating champion一位溜冰冠军
the first prize第一名
the 70-year history七十年的历史
the International Piano Competition 国际钢琴比赛
major in sth.主修某科目
l.Deng Yaping is a great Chinese ping—pong player.邓亚萍是一位了不起的中国乒乓球运动员。
2.She was born in 1973.她出生于1973年。
3.For example,Tiger Woods started golfing when he was only ten months old. 例如,泰德。伍德十个月大时就开始打高尔去球。
4.Pele,became a professional soccer star when he was fifteen. 比利,在他十五岁时成了一位专业的足球明星。
5.When did she become a movie star?她何时成了一名影星?
6.Arthur is a loving grandfather.亚瑟是一位慈爱的爷爷。
7.He spends all his free time with his grandchildren.他全部业余时间都跟他的孙子在一起。
8.She become a skating champion when she was ten. 当她十岁时,她成了一位溜冰冠军。
9.He won the first prize in his group.他在小组里赢得了第一名。
lO. He was also the first Chinese pianist in the 70-year history of the Chopin International Piano Competition to win this prize. 在有七十年历史的肖邦国际钢琴比赛中他也是第一位获此荣誉的中国钢琴家。
Unit 10
grow up成长
a basketball player一位篮球运动员
a computer programmer一位电脑程序设计师
take lessons上课
somewhere interesting有趣的地方
a fashion show一次时装展示会
a part-time job一份零工一份业余工作
save some money省钱;攒钱
make money挣钱、赚钱
at the same time同时
all over the world全世界
send…to…送……到……
get good grade取得好分数
communicate with sb.与……交际;与……交流
a teaching job一个教学的lT作
a foreign language teacher一位外语教师
l.What are you going to be when you grow up?你长大了要干什么?
2.I'm going to be a basketball player.我要成为一名篮球运动员。
3.I’m going to be a computer programmer.我要成为一名电脑程序设计师。
4.I'm going to take acting lessons.我要去上表演课。
5.I’m going to move somewhere interesting.我要搬到有意思的地方去。
6.I want to be an art editor for a fashion show.我想成为一名时装展示会的艺术指导。
7.I'm going to find a part-time job for a year or two and save some money. 我想找一份可干一、两年的零工,攒下点儿钱。
8.I’m going to study economics at the same time.同时,我要学习经济。
9.I'm going to travel all over the world.我要到全世界去旅行。
10.I'm going to write articles and send them t0 magazines and newspapers.我要写文章,发给报纸和杂志。
11.I’m going to get good grades.我要得一个好分数(成绩)。
12.They want to communicate better with their kids.他们想要更好地与孩子进行交流。
13.She is going to look for a teaching job in China next year.明年,她想要在中国找一份教书的工作。
14.An old lady said she found a job as a foreign language teacher.一位老太太说她找了一份作外语教师的工作。
Unit 11
take out拿出来
make the bed整理床铺
sweep the floor扫地,清洁地面
fold your clothes叠衣服
clean the living room清理起居室(打扫)
like to do sth. 喜欢干……
invite…t0邀请……到……
take care of / look after照顾
forget to do sth.忘记要去干……
forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
work on从事
on vacation度假
1.Could you please take out the trash?请把垃圾拿出去好吗?
2.Could you please sweep the floor/make the bed/fold your clothes/cleaning the living room? 你扫地/整理床铺/叠衣服/清扫起居室好吗?
3.Do you like to make your bed? 你喜欢整理床铺吗?
4.Could you invite your friends to my party?
你能邀请你的朋友来参加我的晚会吗?。
5.Thanks for taking care of my dog.谢谢你照看我的狗。
6.Don't forget to clean his bed.不要忘了清扫他的床。
7.I'm going to work on my English project and then meet my friends. 我要做英语功课,然后见我的朋友。
8.I'm going on vacation tomorrow.明天我要度假。
Unit 12
close to home靠近家的
movie theater影院
comfortable seats舒适的座位
do a survey of做一个调查
play a piano piece弹一支钢琴曲
the price of……的价格
the radio station广播电台
think about考虑
talent show才能展示
boring TV show乏味的电视节目
a 1ot许多
1.What's the best movie theater? 哪个是最好的影院?
2.What is the best radio station? 哪个是最好的广播电台?
3.It has the most comfortable seats.它拥有最舒适的座位。
4.What do young people think about places in town? 年轻人关于镇上的位置是什么看法?
5.We did a survey of our readers.我们做了一个读者涮查。
6.Last week's talent show was a great success.上周的才能展示是一个成功。
7.She played a beautiful piano piece.她演奏了一支优美的钢琴曲。
8.What is the most boring TV show? 最乏味的电视剧是什么7
9.The price of a hotel room is about 320 yuan a night. 一个旅馆房间的价格是每晚320元。
10.There's a lot things to do.有许多事情要做。
Review of units 7一12
make mushroom soup做蘑菇汤
a speech contest一次演讲比赛
live in居住在……
creative job富有创造性的工作
arrive in到达
elementary school小学
funniest movie actor最有意思的电影演员
1.How do you make mushroom soup? 你怎么做蘑菇汤?
2.I won a speech contest.我演讲比赛获胜。
3.Are you going to live in Beijing?你要住在北京吗?
4.No,not an actor,another kind of creative job.不,不是做演员,而是另一种富有创造性的工作。
5.We arrived in Australia 0n August 20th.
我们在八月二十日到达澳大利亚。
6.What is the best elementary school?最好的小学是哪个?
7.Who do you think is the funniest movie actor? 你认为谁是最有意思的电影演员?
希望我的回答对您有帮助,谢谢!

⑹ 新目标英语七、八年级共4册书各单元语法总结。

70分问这问题, 你当网络是你爸,免费的?

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