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八年级下册英语第二课语法

发布时间:2021-03-16 07:27:55

『壹』 八年级下册英语课外语法

八年级下册英语语法总结 Unit6 Fun Cycling
Topic1 We’ going on a spring field trip 一. 重点词汇 ( 一 ) 词形转换:
1.discuss(名词) discussion 2.queen(对应词) king 3.comfortable(名词) comfort 4.safely (形容词) safe (名词) safety ( 二 ) 词的辨析
1. find out / look for / find 2. cost / pay for / spend on
3. other /else 4. raise /rise 5.each /every 6.exciting / excited (三)重点词组:
1.go on a visit to 去……旅行 2. make the decision 做决定 3.bring back 带回
4.go on a field trip 去野外旅行 5.decide on (upon) sth 对某事做出决定 6 see the sunrise 看日出
. make a reservation 预订 8. come up with 想出(主意) 9. look forward to (doing) sth 期望 10. pay for 支付;赔偿 11. raise money 筹钱 12. book a ticket 订票

13. make a room for sb 为……订房间 14. have a wonderful time 玩得愉快 15. in the daytime 在白天
16. a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 17.find out 查出
18. some places of interest 名胜 19. rooms with bathtub 带浴室的房间 20.a hard (soft) sleeper 硬(软)卧 21.my pleasure 不客气 二.重点句型及重点语言点
1. I have some exciting news to tell you. 我有一些激动人心的消息要告诉你们。
to tell you 是动词不定式短语, 作定语。动词不定式作定语时常放在被修饰的名词或代词之后。如: I have nothing to talk about. He has a lot of work to do. 2. Sounds great!= It sounds great! 听起来不错。
3. We will go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai. 我们将要去泰山玩两天。

go on a visit to 去参观/旅游 They went to a visit to Egypt last year.
类似有:go on a trip / go on a picnic
a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 a two-month holiday 两个月的假期
an eighteen-year-old boy 一个18岁的男孩
4.It’s hard to say. 这很难说。To say 是动词不定式作主语,It 是形式主语。
如: It’s nice to meet you.
5. I’ll ask the airline on the phone. 我将打电话问问航空公司。同义句是:
I’ll phone and ask the airline.
6. Bring back your information to class tomorrow and we’ll decide on the best way to go on our field trip. 明天把你们查到的信息带到班上来,然后我们来决定最好的郊游方式。
bring back 带回。Please bring back your library books tomorrow.
decide on/upon sth 决定,选定 We’re trying to decide on a school.
单词讲解:
1.fewer people更少的人(fewer修饰名词复数,表示否定)
2.less free time更少的空闲时间(less修饰不可数名词,表示否定)
3.in ten years 10年后(in的时间短语用于将来时,提问用How soon)
4.fall in love with…爱上…
例:When I met Mr. Xu for the first time, I fell in love with him at once
当我第一次见到许老师,我立刻爱上他
5. live alone 单独居住
6. feel lonely 感到孤独(比较:live alone/go along等)
The girl walked alone along the street, but she didn’t feel lonely那女孩独自沿着街道走,但她并不感到孤独
7. keep/feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪
8. fly to the moon 飞上月球
9. hundreds of +复数数百/几百(概数,类似还有thousands of; millions of)
10. the same as 和……相同
11. A be different from B A与B不同(=There is a difference/Thgere are differences between A and B)
12. wake up 醒来(wake sb. up表示 “唤醒某人”
13. get bored 变得厌倦(get/become是连系动词,后跟形容词如tired/angry/excited等)
14. go skating 去滑冰(类似还有go hiking/fishing /skating/bike riding等)
15. lots of/a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以)
16. at the weekends 在周末
17. study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习
18.agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见)
19.I don’t agree. = I disagree. 我不同意
20.on a piece of paper 在一张纸上(注意paper/information/news/work/homework/housework等常考到的不可数名词)
21.on vacation 度假
22.help sb with sth/help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事
23.many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼
24.live in an apartment住在公寓里/live on the twelfth floor住在12楼
25.live at NO.332,Shanghai Street 住在上海路332号
26.as a reporter 作为一名记者
27.look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明
28.Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗
29.in the future 在将来/在未来
30. no more=not …anymore 不再(强调多次发生的动作不再发生)
31. no longer=not… any longer 不再(强调状态不再发生)
32. besides(除…之外还,包括)与except =but(除…之外,不包括)
33. be able to与can能、会(be able to用于各种时态,而can只能用于一般现在时态和一般过去时态中;have to用于各种时态,而must只能用于一般现在时态)例如: 1.I have been able to/will be able to speak two languages. (不可以用can)
2. had to stay at home/ will have to (不可以用must)
34.be big and crowded 大而且拥挤
34.be in college 在上大学
35.live on a space station 住在空间站
36.dress casually 穿得很随意casual clothing 休闲服饰
37.win the next World Cup 赢得世界杯 win award 获奖
38.come true 变成现实
39.take hundreds of years 花几百年的时间
40.be fun to watch 看起来有趣
41.over and over again 一次又一次
42.be in different shapes 形状不同
43.twenty years from now 今后20年
.too loud 太大声
2.out of style 过时的
3.in style 流行的
4.call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb. 给…..打电话
5.enough money 足够的钱(enough修饰名词时不必后置)
6.busy enough 够忙 (enough修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)
7.a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票
注意:the key to the lock/the key(answer)r to the question)/the solution to the problem .此处几个短语不能用of表示所有格
8. talk about 谈论
9. on the phone 用电话
10.pay for 付款
11.spend…on +sth.=spend...( in) doing sth. 在…花钱
12.It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花…的时间
13.borrow …from 从….借( 借进来)
14.lend…to 把…借给(借出去)
15.You can keep the book for a week 你可以借这本书一周(不用borrow或lend)
16.buy sth for sb 为……买东西
17.tell sb to do /not to do sth.sth 告诉某人做某事
18.want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do 想某人做某事
19.find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白
20.play one’s stereo 放录象
21.fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格
22.fail in (doing) sth… 在...上失败,变弱
23.succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成功
24.write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信
25.surprise sb. 使某人吃惊(类似有:surprise/interest/please/amaze+某人)
26.to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是…..
27.to one’s joy 使某人高兴的是…..
28.look for a part-time job 找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果)
29.get/find a part-time job 找到一份兼职的工作(有结果)
30.ask sb. for… 寻求/向某人要某物
31.have a bake sale 卖烧烤
32.argue with sb = have an argument with sb. 与某人争吵
33.have a fight with sb.=fight with 与某人打架
34.drop off 离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去
35.prepare for…=get ready for… 为…做准备
36.after-school clubs(activities) 课外俱乐部(活动)
l be/get used to doing 习惯做某事
l used to do 过去经常/常常做某事
l be used for doing=be used to do sth. 被用于做某事
37.fill… up 填补;装满… be full of装满
38.return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人
39.get on /along well with 与…相处很好
40.all kinds of 各种各样
41.as much as possible=as much as you can 尽可能多
42.take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会)
43.a bit =a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时)
44.a bit of =a little 一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时)
45.be angry with… 生…的气
46.by oneself=on one’s own 某人自己/独自地
47.on the one hand 一方面
48.on the other hand 另一方面
49.I find/feel/think it difficult to do... 我发现/感到/认为做某事很难.
50.see/hear/watch sb. doing sth. 看到/听见/注视某人正在做…
51.not…until 直到…才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词)
52.表示某人情绪有关的形容词用法:
be/become+ upset/tired/excited/interested/worried/surprised/amazed/annoyed
说明:当主语是某人时,注意后面的形容词一般是-ed结尾的单词,而当主语是某物时或修饰名词时,注意后面形容词一般是-ing结尾单词.)
例如:I was surprised/interested/amazed when I heard the surprising/interesting/amazing news.
53 radio advice program 电台提建议的节目
54 be original 新颖的
55. leave something somewhere 把某物忘在某处
56 sports clothes 运动服
57. the same age as=as old as 和--- 年龄一样
58. the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子
59. complain about (doing sth) 抱怨、、、
60.take their children from activity to activity 带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动
61.try to do sth, 尽量干某事 try doing sth 试着干某事
62.be under too much pressure 压力太大
63.a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈
64.take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部
65.compepition starts from a very young age 竞争从很小年纪就开始了
66.compare…with 和---比较
67.organized activities 有组织的活动
http://www.171english.cn/goforit/book8b/zhongjie/ 这个网站好

『贰』 八下英语书第二单元的2d和语法框翻译

2d 分角色表演对话。
海伦:你好,汤姆。我在制订计划,今年夏天要在养老工作。
汤姆:真的吗?我去年夏天在那里工作了!
海伦:哦,他们叫你帮忙做什么了?
汤姆:嗯……像为老人读报纸,或只是跟他们谈话之类的事情。他们给我讲一些有关过去的故事和以前的情况。
海伦:那听起来很有趣。
汤姆:是的,很多老人很孤独。我们应该倾听他们并关心他们。
海伦:你说得对。我的意思是,有一天我们也都会变老的。

语法聚焦
我想帮助无家可归的人。
你可以请求医院让你去看望孩子们,让他们振作起来。
她自愿一去周去那里一次帮助孩子们学习阅读
她决定尝试参加一个志愿者课外阅读项目。
马里奥认为,这可以帮助他得到未来梦想的工作。
我在制作-些标牌 张贴在学校周围。

『叁』 八年级人教版下册英语的语法

给你个网址吧专:属http://www.pep.com.cn/

『肆』 人教版八年级英语下册第一、二单元语法重点及使用

八年级下学复期第一制单元的重点是“一般将来时”可以用will和be
going
to这两种,一个句子如果它的主句是一般将来时,那么从句要用一般现在时代替一般将来时。第二单元则是请求建议
,要注意except和besides的区别。1173228542

『伍』 英语书八年级下册书第二单元所有语法内容

Unit 2 What should I do?

重点词汇:play v. 播放
loud adj. 高声的;大声的
argue v. 争论,争吵wrong adj. 错误的;有毛病的;不适合的could v. can的过去式ticket n. 票,入场券 v. 使惊奇;使意外other adj. 其他的;另外的except prep. 除;把……除外fail v. 失败 football n. 足球 until prep. 到……为止
fit v. 适合,适应 include v. 包括;包含send v. 发送,寄 themselves pron. 他们自己(反身代词)freedom n. 自由
重点词组及句型:
1. argue with sb. 与某人争论/辩论
2. have an argument with sb. 与某人发生争论
3. out of style  不时髦的
4. in style  时髦的
5. keep out  不让……进入
6. call sb. up   打电话给……
7. on the phone  用电话交谈
8. pay for  付款
9. part-time job  兼职工作
10. Teen Talk    青少年论坛
11. the same as  与……同样的12. get on  well with... 与……相处地好13. as much as possible  尽可能多14. all kinds of  各种各样的15. on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand  另一方面16. borrow sth. from sb.  向某人借某物17. find out  找出18. be popular at school  在学校受欢迎19. except me  除了我20. have a quick supper  很快地吃晚餐21. not…until  直到……才22. try to do   尽力去做23. complain about doing sth.  抱怨做某事24. seem to do…  好像……25. comparing…with…  把……与……做比较26. think for  为……着想27. find it + adj.+ to do sth.  发现做某事很……28. learn to do  学会做某事 29. have a fight with 与……打架
30. write sb. a letter 给某人写信 31. a ticket to a ball game 一场球赛的票
32. surprise sb. 使……惊讶 33. buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物
34. have no idea 不知道 35. have the same haircut 有同样的发型
36. get a tutor 请家教 37. need to do 需要去做
38. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人去做某事 39. leave sth. at home 把某物落在家里
40. fail (in) sth. 做某事失败 41. be the same as 与……相同的
42. return sth. 归还某物 43. look up…in a dictionary 在字典中查找……
44. be/feel under (too much) pressure 感觉处于(太多的)压力之下
45. take sb. from 名词 to 名词 把某人从一个地方带到另一个地方
46. fit as much as possible into their kids lives 尽可能多地充实到孩子们的生活中来
47. nothing new 屡见不鲜 48. push sb hard 厉害地强迫某人
49. be always doing 总是在做某事
50. plan to do 计划做某事
51. start from a very young age 从很小的年龄开始

日常用语:学习用于表达建议的句子结构:1. ---What should I do?   ---You could write him a letter.2. --- What should he do?   --- Maybe he should say he's sorry.3. --- What should they do?   --- They shouldn't argue.4. What’s the matter? / What’s wrong?5. Why don’t you talk to him about it?

词组短语详解:
1. Keep out! 禁止入内
祈使句,意为:“不准入内!”指“关在门外,不准入内。”
Keep sth. adj.

2. My brother plays his CDs too loud. 我哥哥把他的唱片声音放得太大。
Play:
播放。 e.g. Please play the tape again. 请再放一边磁带。
演奏,弹奏 e.g. I can play the violin, too. 我也会拉小提琴。
玩,打,踢 e.g. play football/bolleyball…
剧本,n. e.g. TV play 电视剧 watch the play 看戏

3. I don’t have enough money. 我没有足够的钱
Enough修饰n.放在前面 e.g. enough money
Enough修饰adj.放在后面 e.g. good enough

【考例】He is old ______ to go to school. A. much       B. many      C. enough      D. more
【答案与解析】C。本题中old enough 表示年龄足够大。故本题选C。

4. I argue with my best friend. 我与我最好的朋友发生了争执。
Argue v. 争辩,争论,辩论
Argue with sb. 与某人辩论
Argue on/about sth. 争论,辩论某事
e.g. They are arguing about playing computer games.
【拓展】argue about sth. 意为“为某事而争论”。argument 是argue的名词形式,have an argument with sb.相当于argue with sb.。e.g. I don't want to argue about the houtse with you. 我不想和你为房子的事争论。 You shouldn't have an argument with your parents about the bike. 你不应该为了自行车的事和你父母争吵。【考例】I _______my parents about my hairstyle yesterday evening.A. play     B. argue with     C. argued with     D. to argue with 【答案与解析】C。本题中argue with sb.意为“与……争吵,争论”。又因为时间状语是yesterday evening,表示过去的时间,要用一般过去时态,故本题选C。
5. My clothes are out of style. 我的衣服过时了。
Out of style
In style

【考例】I don’t think my clothes are______. A. be out of style    B. out of style    C. out fashion    D. to out of style 【答案与解析】B。本题中be out of style / fashion表示“过时”、“不合乎时尚”。因句中已有are,故本题选B。
6. Maybe you should buy some new clothes. 也许你应当买一些新衣服。
Maybe 与 may be
e.g. Maybe you put it there. 也许你把它放在那里了。
It may be a hat. = May be it is a hat. 它也许是顶帽子。

7. You could write him a letter. 你可以给他写封信。
Write sb. A letter = write to sb. 给某人写一封信
写信给某人:write to sb.
收到某人的来信:hear from sb. = get/receive a letter from sb.

8. Maybe you should call him up. 也许你应当给他打电话。
Call sb. Up = ring sb. Up = make a telephone call to sb. = give sb. A call/ring给某人打电话
【拓展】maybe 不同于 may be。 maybe 是一个词,是副词,may be 是情态动词may加上动词原形be,意为“或许”,后接形容词、名词、代词等。例如:It may be true.      He may be the man we are looking for.(2)call sb. up 打电话给某人可以与名词、代词连用。连接代词时,把代词放在 call 与 up 之间。例如:Please call me up.       Don’t forget to call up your uncle.      I'll call her up this afternoon.【考例】_______you are right. A. Maybe      B. Might      C. May be      D. Might to
【答案与解析】A。本题中maybe不同于may be。 maybe 是一个词,是副词,may be是情态动词may加上动词原形be,意为“或许”,后接形容词、名词、代词等。故本题选A。
9. A ticket to a ball game 一张球赛的票
A key to a door
An answer to a question

10. I don’t want to surprise him. 我不想使他吃惊。
Surprise v. 使惊奇;使差异;使感到意外。其后可接名词或代词作宾语。
e.g. You surprise me! 你吓了我一跳!
His words surprised my mother a lot. 他的话使我母亲大吃一惊。
Be surprised at… 对……感到吃惊
e.g. We are very surprised at the news. 听到这个消息,我们非常吃惊。
【拓展】surprised adj. 惊讶的           surprising adj. 令人惊讶的例如:I'm surprised to hear the news.      It's a surprising gift, and I love it.【考例】I was__________ when I saw her.A. surprising     B. surprised     C. surprise     D. to surprise
【答案与解析】B。本题中surprised adj.惊讶的;surprising adj.令人惊讶的。故本题选B。
11. I need to get some money to pay for summer camp. 我需要得到一些钱以支付夏令营的费用。
(1)need是个情态动词,也可以是行为动词。▲当它是情态动词时,后边直接加行为动词,表示“需要”,但need作情态动词时一般不用于肯定句。它一般用于否定句和疑问句中,例如:① You need repeat it. 你需要重复它。② Need I repeat it?   我有必要重复它吗?简略回答为:Yes, you need. No, you needn't.
(2)【拓展】(sb.)pay(money)for sth.   为……而付款(sb.)spend(money)on sth.  在……上花多少钱(sth.)cost sb.(money)  ……值……钱这三个短语都是表示付款。但pay, spend指的是“人”,主语为人,而cost指的是“物”,主语为“物”。例如说“他昨天花20元买了一本书”。用以上三个短语分别为:① He paid 20 yuan for the book yesterday.  他昨天为这本书付了20元钱。② He spent 20 yuan on the book yesterday.  他昨天花了20元钱(买)这本书。③ The book cost him 20 yuan yesterday.  这本书花了他20元钱。注意以上三个动词的动词过去式为:pay - paid; spend - spent; cost - cost【考例】--- I’ve got a new book.        --- How much did you _______it? A. buy     B. spend     C. pay for    D. cost 【答案与解析】C。(sb.)pay(money)for sth.   为……而付款,(sb.)spend(money)on sth.  在……上花多少钱,(sth.)cost sb.(money) ……值多少钱 故本题选C。
12. I have an idea. You could borrow some money from your brother. 我有一个主意,你可以像你哥哥借一些钱。
Idea n. 主意,念头
e.g. He has a good idea. 他有个好主意。
注意:
I have no idea. = I don’t know. 我不知道

Borrow与lend
borrow sth from sb. 从谁那里借什么东西。
Lend sth. to sb. = lend sb. Sth.
borrow 与 lend 的区别:  borrow  借来      lend 借给【考例】Han Mei _________ a book from the library a week ago. A. lent B. returned C. borrowedD. wanted
【答案与解析】C。本题考查borrow 与lend 的区别。borrow 借来;lend 借给。本题的意思是从图书馆借书。故本题选C。

13. No, he doesn’t have any money, either. 不,他也没有钱。
Either adv. 用于否定句中,表示“也”
e.g. You haven’t read that book. I haven’t read it, either.
Either, too, also
e.g. My mother hasn’t been to Beijing. My father hasn’t been there, either.
That woman is a teacher, too.
I, too, have been to London.
We also play football.

【考例】He doesn't like swimming, and he doesn't like boating,_____. A. neither     B. too     C. another     D. either
【答案与解析】D。本题中either作副词,用在否定句或否定词组后加强语气,表示“也,而且”。而neither用于肯定句中。too用于三者或三者以上。故本题选D。
14. I think you should ask your parents for some money. 我想你应当向你的父母要一些钱。
Ask… for… 向……要……;
Ask for… 索要,要求得到……
e.g. He asked for time to thind all this over. 他要求给他时间把这一切好好想想。
He asked me for some money. 他想我要了些钱。
Ask sb. (not) to do sth. 要求/请求某人(不要)做某事
Ask for leave 请假

15. Have a bake sale. 卖烧烤

16. I need some money to buy gifts for my family. 我需要一些钱为我的家人买礼物
Buy sb. Sth. = buy sth. to sb.

17. They are original. 它们很新颖
Original adj. 新颖的,独创的,原始的,最早的
e.g. original ideas 新思想
an original edition 原版
the original plan 原计划
He is an original composer. 他是一位富有独创力的作曲家。

18. They are inexpensive. 它们不贵。
Cheap 与 inexpensive
Cheap往往意味着质量差,指价钱便宜的或因质量差而价格低的。
Inexpensive指物美价廉的,价值与价格相比而便宜的,表示“价格公道的,不贵的”

19. But I just found out that my friends were planning a birthday party for my best friend, and they didn’t invite me. 可是我刚刚发现我的朋友们正计划给我最好的朋友举办生日聚会,而他们没有邀请我。
Just adv.
刚才,刚刚
e.g. They have just left there. 他们刚刚离开这。
仅仅,只是
e.g. Don’t scold him. He is just a child. 别责备他,他只是个孩子。
后接名词,名词短语或句子,意为“正好,恰好”
e.g. It was just four o’clock when we got home. 我们到家时刚好4点钟。
注:
just now 刚才,不久以前
e.g. I saw our teacher just now. 刚才我看到我们的老师了。
Just then 正(就)在那时
e.g. Just then he came out of the room. 就在那是他从房间走了出来。

20. Find out 找出,发现,查处(真相等)
e.g. Please find out where they live. 请查处他们住在哪儿。
Find ,look for ,find out
Find 意为“找到,发现”,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,也可指偶然发现某物或某种情况,强调的是“找的结果”
e.g. He didn’t find his bike. 他没找到他的自行车。
Look for 意为“寻找”,是有目的地找,强调“寻找”这一动作
e.g. I can’t find my pen. I’m looking for it everywhere.我的钢笔不见了,我正在到处找。
He is looking for his shoes. 他在找他的鞋子。
Find out 意为“找出,发现,查明”,多指通过调查、询问、打听、研究之后“搞清楚,弄明白”,通常含有“经过困难曲折”的含义,指找出较难找到的、无形的、抽象的东西。
e.g. Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。
Read this passage, and find out the answer to this question. 读这篇短文,找出这个问题的答案。

21. Everyone else in my class was invited except me. 除了我以外,我们班其他人都被邀请了。
except 是介词,表示“除了……之外”;besides 强调“除了,还有……”例如:Except Lily, there are 42 students in our classroom.除丽丽外我们教室里还有42个人。Besides Lily, there are 42 students in our classroom.表示丽丽也在教室,教室里有42个人。【考例】I looked for my pen everywhere _______ there. A. except     B. but     C. except for     D. besides【答案与解析】A。本题考查 except 与 besides 的区别。except 是介词,表示“除了……”;besides 强调“除了,还有……”。故本题选A。

22. You left your homework at home. 你把作业忘在家里了。
leave  遗忘,留下,忘带 例如:The old man left his pocket on the bus. 那位老人把钱包忘在了公交车上。【考例】I ______ my pen in my classroom. A. left      B. leave      C. forget      D. forgot
【答案与解析】A。本题考查leave sth.+ 地点。这一结构。故本题选A。

23. My cousin is the same age as me. She’s really nice, and we get on well, but she always borrows my things. 我的表妹与我同岁。她确实很好,并且我们相处得很好,可她总是借我的东西。
The same age as…
Get on well 相处得好
Get on well with … 与……相处融洽、相处得好
e.g. We get on well with each other. 我们彼此相处融洽。
How do you get on with your new classmates? 你和你的新同学相处得怎么样?
注:Get on with 还可以表示“在某方面的进展情况”
e.g. How are you getting on with your English studies? 你的英语学习情况如何?

【考例】He wears the same clothes_____I do. A. like      B. as      C. on      D. in
【答案与解析】B。本题考查the same as…… 意思是“与……一样”。这一结构。故本题选B。
【考例】I get on well______ my cousin. A. on       B. with      C. in      D. at
【答案与解析】B。本题考查固定搭配get on well with sb. 与某人相处融洽。故本题选B。

24. I don’t want to have a fight with my cousin, because she is my best friend.
Havea fight with sb. = fight with sb. = fight against sb.
e.g. We can’t have a fight with each other at school. 在学校我们不能相互打架

25. Could you give some advice?
Give sb. Some advice
A piece of advice
e.g. The teacher gave me some advice on how to learn English well.

26. The tired children don’t get home until 7 p.m. 疲惫的孩子们知道晚上7点才到家。
Not … until …

27. The Taylors are like many American and British parents. 泰勒夫妇像许多美国和英国的父母一样。
The taylors泰勒夫妇,泰勒一家人。姓的附属前加定冠词the,表示“***一家人”或“***夫妇二人”
e.g. The Smiths are having dinner. 史密斯一家正在吃饭

28. Linda Miller, a mother of three in London, knows all about such pressure.
Know about… 了解,知道……的情况
e.g. I happened to know about him.

『陆』 八年级下册英语Unit2语法

1. 简单句、并列句和复合句
句子类型(Types of sentences)可以分为简单句、并列句和复合句三种。
(1) 简单句(The Simple Sentence):由一个主语(或并列主语)和一个谓语(或并列谓语)构成的句子。
e.g. ①I often get up at six in the morning. (一个主语、一个谓语)
② My mother and I often go shopping. (并列主语、一个谓语)
③Some students walk or ride bikes to school. (一个主语、并列谓语)
(2) 并列句(The Compound Sentence):由并列连词(and, so, but, or等)把两个或两个以上的简单句连在一起而构成的句子。
e.g. ①She doesn’t like science, and she thinks it’s boring.
②Ed has a great sports collection, but he doesn’t play sports.
③School starts at eight, so I get up at six thirty.
④Hurry up, or you’ll be late.
(3) 复合句(The Complex Sentence):由一个主语和一个或一个以上的从句构成的句子。包括宾语从句、状语从句等。
e.g. ①Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.(when引导的时间状语从句)
② I think (that) Screen City has the most comfortable seats. ( that引导的宾语从句)

2. 关于语序
(1) 所谓语序就是指语言表达顺序。英语语序可分陈述语序和疑问语序。
(2) 所谓陈述语序,又称主谓语序,就是按“主语+谓语+其他”的先后顺序表达的语序。
(3) 所谓疑问语序,就是一般疑问句、特殊疑问句的表达顺序。通常在主语前有助动词、情态动词等。
e.g. What does Mary do on weekends? (疑问语序)
→I don’t know what Mary does on weekends. (陈述语序,去掉了原句的助动词does,谓语动词do还原成一般现在时三人称单数does.)
(4)主从复合句常要用陈述语序。
I don’t know what did I do wrong? ( ×)
→I don’t know what I did wrong. (√ )

3. 关于后缀“ful”
(1)很多名词后加后缀ful就成了形容词。 e.g. care→ careful; beauty → beautiful; color → colorful; use → useful; help → helpful; 等。
(2)有后缀ful的形容词的反义词通常是以less为后缀的形容词。
e.g. Careful → careless; useful → useless等。
4. 关于表示“关联,联系”的介词“to”
(1)英语中表示“A 的B”含义,除了名词所有格和 “B of A” 外,还可以用 “B to A”。
(2)在“B to A”结构中,B常是以下词:answer, key, bridge, way, entrance, exit, ticket等。
(3)可用顺口溜记住这些单词:答案钥匙桥和路,入出口连着介词to。
e.g. ①the answer to the question 这个问题的答案 ;
②the way to the park 去公园的路 ;
③the entrance to the museum 博物馆的入口
④the key to our classroom 我们教室门的钥匙
⑤a ticket to a ball game 一张比赛球票

5. 关于疑问词连用动词不定式
(1)疑问词when, where, what, how等可以和动词不定式连用,构成特殊结构。
(2)此结构常与含情态动词can/could, should, be able to, will/would等的宾语从句转换。
e.g. ①I don’t know what I should do next. →I don’t know what to do next.
我不知道接下来该做什么。
②Could you please tell me where you will do on vacation?
→Could you please tell me where to go on vacation?
能告诉我你讲去哪儿度假吗?
③He forgot when they would start. →He forgot when to start.
他忘了何时要出发。
④Please let us know how we can do it well. →Please let us know how to do it well.
请告诉我们怎样才能把它做得更好。

『柒』 求八年级下人教版英语一二单元的语法!

比如第2课就有: 1.argue with sb与某人吵架:
2.return sth to sb 还某物给某人;3.get on with sb 与某人相处的好;either和too表示也的意思。either 用在否定句中,too用在肯定句中..等等...

『捌』 人教版八年级下册英语1-2单元语法

Unit1用will
加动词原形
表示一般将来时态
Unit2
用should
or
could
加动词原形
,委婉的提出要求和建议

『玖』 初二英语下册语法

去年整理的,是这个吧?

Unit 1
1. 在人们家中 in people's home
2. 在家通过电脑学习 study at home on computers
3. 将来 in the future
4. 免费的 be free
5. 活到200岁 live to be 200 years old
6. 一百年之后 in 100 years
7. 一张纸 a piece of paper
8. 更多/更少的树 more / few trees
9. 更多/更少的污染 more / less pollution
10. 更少使用地铁 use the subway less
11. 更多使用…… use sth. a lot
12. 同意某人的意见 agree with sb.
13. 与……谈话 talk to / with sb.
14. 使用某物做某事 use sth. to do
15. 在上小学 be in elementary school
16. 住在一间公寓 live in an apartment
17. 乘坐火箭到月球 fly rockets to the moon
18. 爱上…… fall in love with …
19. 独自居住 live alone easye.2000y.net
20. 能够做某事 be able to do sth.
21. 去香港度假 go to Hong Kong on vacation
22. 世界杯 the World Cup
23. 飞到月球度假 fly to the moon for vacation
24. 有朝一日 one day
25. 为某人工作 work for sb.
26. 看起来精神 look smart
27. 实现 come trueeasye.2000y.net
28. 预言未来 predict the future
29. 看见某人做某事 see sb. do / doing
30. 数以百计的 hundreds of
31. 在太空 in space
32. 拥有某人自己的机器人 have one's own robot
33. 科幻小说 science fiction movies
34. 帮助某人做家务 help with the housework
35. 与……做同样的事 do the same things as sb.
36. 叫醒某人 wake upeasye.2000y.net
37. 与……交朋友 make friends with sb.
38. 某地有某人在做某事 there be sb. / sth doing sth.
39. 看起来更像 look more like
40. 一遍又一遍地 over and over again
41. 有更少的工作去做 have less work to do
42. 做某事有趣 be fun to do
43. 在25年到50年之后 in 25 to 50 years

Unit 2
1. 挡住;阻止……进入 keep out
2. 与……某人就某事争吵 argue with sb. about sth.
3. 与……争吵 have an argument with sb. = argue with sb.
4. 告诉某人(不要)做某事 tell sb. (not ) to do sth.
5. 得到一份兼职的工作 get a part-time job
6. 打开 turn oneasye.2000y.net
7. 把……声音放得太大 play … too loud
8. 给……写信 write sb. a letter
9. 给……打电话 call sb. up
10. 一场球赛的票 a ticket to a ball game
11. 使……惊讶 surprise sb.
12. 支付…… pay for
13. 从……借…… borrow sth. from sb.
14. 为某人买某物 buy sb. sth.
15. 不知道 have no ideaeasye.2000y.net
16. 有同样的发型 have the same haircut
17. 查明 find outeasye.2000y.net
18. 请家教 get a tutor
19. 需要去做 need to do
20. 邀请某人去做某事 invite sb. to do sth.
21. 把某物落在家里 leave sth at home
22. 做某事失败 fail (in) sth.
23. 与……相处融洽 get on well with sb.
24. 与……相同的 be the same as
25. 归还某物 return sth.
26. 在字典中查找…… look up … in a dictionary
27. 与……打架 have a fight with sb.
28. 与……比较 compare with
29. 向……抱怨某事 complain to sb. about sth.
30. 感觉处于(太多的)压力之下 be / feel under (too much) pressure
31. 买不同的衣服 get different clothes
32. 把……从一个地方带到另一个地方 take sb from 名词 to 名词
33. 直到……才…… not … until …
34. 尽可能多地充实到孩子们的生活中来 fit as much as possible into their kids lives
35. 屡见不鲜 nothing neweasye.2000y.net
36. 厉害地强迫某人 push sb. hard
37. 总是在做某事 be always doing
38. 计划做某事 plan to do
39. 一方面 on the one hand
40. 另一方面 on the other hand
41. 从很小的年龄开始 start from a very young age

Unit 3
1. 到达 arrive at / get to / reach
2. 在……前面 in front of
3. 在……的前部 in the front of
4. 在理发师的椅子上 in / on the barber's chair
5. 睡懒觉 sleep lateeasye.2000y.net
6. 在电话中交谈 talk on the phone
7. 航天博物馆 the Museum of Flight
8. 降落在中央大街上 land on Center Street
9. 报警 call the police
10. 沿着街道走 walk down / along the street
11. 起飞/脱下 take off
12. 有一次不寻常的经历 have an unusual experience
13. 大约在10点钟 at around ten o'clock
14. 跟着某人做某事/去某地 follow sb. to do / 地点
15. 对……感到惊讶 be surprised / amazed at
16. 在树上 in the tree / on the tree
17. 朝……喊叫 shout to sb. / shout at sb.
18. 在火车站 at the train station
19. 逃跑 run awayeasye.2000y.net
20. 沿着……走 walk around
21. 纽约市 New York City / the city of the New York
22. 对……说 say to sb.
23. 飞往纽约的航班 the flight to New York
24. 在医生的诊所 at the doctor's
25. 看望住院的姨妈 visit aunt in hospital
26. 2008年奥运会 the 2008 Olympics
27. 记得做过/去做某事 remember doing / to do sth.
28. 在历史上 in history
29. 在现代美国历史上 in modern American history
30. 最重要的事件之一 one of the most important events
31. 听说 hear about / of
32. 多于;超过 more than
33. 玩得高兴 have fun / have a good time / enjoy oneself
34. 沉默地做某事 do sth. in silence
35. 在当今时代 in recent times
36. 被……毁坏 be destroyed by
37. 对……有意义 have meaning to
38. 在太空 in spaceeasye.2000y.net
39. 与(不与)……一样 … as … as / not as / so … as
40. 环绕地球 around the world
41. 一个民族英雄 a national hero
42. 全世界 all over the world / around the world
43. 因/作为……而著名 be famous for / as
44. 第一次做某事 do sth. for the first time
45. 日常活动 everyday activities

Unit 4
1. 看肥皂剧 watch soap operas
2. 举行一次惊喜晚会 have a surprise party
3. 在周五晚上 on Friday night
4. 生某人的气 be mad at sb.
5. 首先 first of alleasye.2000y.net
6. 做课外家庭作业 do a homework project
7. 递给某人某物 pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb.
= pass on sth. to sb. = pass sth. on to sb.
8. 在公共汽车站 at the bus stop
9. 理应做某事 be supposed to do
10. 擅长be good at = do well in
11. 很抱歉做某事 be sorry to do sth.
12. 感冒 have / catch a cold
13. 身体健康 be in good health
14. 一次期末考试 an end-of-year exam
15. 在某事方面感到费劲 have a hard time with
16. 做某事很吃惊 be surprised to do
17. 捎去某人的问候 send one's love
18. 到现在为止 for noweasye.2000y.net
19. 抄袭别人的家庭作业 others' homework
20. 传些口信 pass on some messages
21. 大打一架 have a big fight
22. 忘记去做某事 forget to do
23. 养成一个坏习惯 start a bad habit
24. 克服 get overeasye.2000y.net
25. 改变某人的生活 change one's life = change the life of sb.
26. 在一个贫困的山村 in a poor mountain village
27. 听起来像 sound like
28. 一个北京大学的毕业生 a Peking University graate
29. 一个为期一年的计划 a one-year program
30. 由……发起 be started by
31. 教育部 the Ministry of Ecation
32. 派人去做某事 send sb. to do
33. 对某人来说是一个新的经历 be a new experience for sb.
34. 海拔2000米 2000 meters above sea level
35. 使某人觉得恶心 make sb. feel sick
36. 经历不同的事 experience different things
37. 打开某人对外面世界的视野 open up one's eyes to the outside world
38. 给某人生活一个好的开始 give sb. a good start in life
39. 在某人的生活中有一个好的影响 be a good influence in one's life
40. 关爱地球母亲 care for“Mother Earth”
41. 无国界医生 Doctors Without Borders
42. 濒危野生动物 wild animals in danger
43. 处于危险之中 be in danger
44. 脱离危险 be out of danger

Unit 5
1. 去参加晚会 go to the party
2. 玩得高兴 have a great time
3. 让某人进 let ineasye.2000y.net
4. 备考 study for one's test
5. 一半的同学 half the class
6. 岁末晚会 end of year party
7. 穿牛仔裤 wear jeans
8. 把……拿走 take away
9. 在晚会期间 ring the party
10. 校大扫除 school clean-up
11. 儿童医院探视 Children's Hospital visit
12. 环球旅行 travel around the world
13. 获得教育 get an ecation
14. 足球代理人 professional soccer player
15. 谋生 make a living
16. 似乎 seem like sth. / doing sth.
17. 梦想的职业 dream job
18. 捐给慈善机构 give … to charity
19. 一直 all the time
20. 受伤 get injured
21. 很难做某事 have a difficult / hard time
22. 实际上 in facteasye.2000y.net
23. 能够 be able to/can
24. 手机 mobile phone
25. 与某人度过时光 spend time with sb.

Unit 6
1. 收集贝壳 collect shells
2. 滑冰马拉松 skating marathon
3. 你第一双滑冰鞋 your first pair of skates
4. 募捐 raise moneyeasye.2000y.net
5. 整整五小时 the whole five hours
6. 三年半 three and a half years
7. 填充动物玩具 stuffed animals
8. 妖怪雪球 snow glob of the monster
9. 用光 run out ofeasye.2000y.net
10. 在我十七岁生日时 on my seventeenth birthday
11. 顺便说一下 by the way
12. 最常见的 the most common
13. 送某人某物 send sb. sth.
14. 才艺表演 a talent show
15. 额外的英语课 extra English class
16. 古币 old coinseasye.2000y.net
17. 自由话题 free topic
18. 想起 think of
19. 著名人物 famous characters
20. 黑龙江省会 the capital of Heilongjiang Province
21. 具有丰富多彩的历史 with a colorful history
22. 欧洲的影响 European influence
23. 苏联风格 in Russian style
24. 家史 family history
25. 惊奇 be surprised
26. 受到……的欢迎 be welcomed by
27. 宋朝皇帝 the Song Emperor
28. 西方历史 western history
29. 越……越 the +比较级 … the +比较级
30. 确信 be certain that / to do

Unit 7
1. 介意做某事 mind doing sth.
2. 调小/大 turn down / up
3. 洗餐具 do the dishes
4. 从……里出来 get out of
5. 立即 right away / at once
6. 一会儿 in a minute
7. 在开会 be at the meeting
8. 完成这些工作 finish these tasks
9. 在厨房里 in the kitchen
10. 帮某人做某事 help sb. do / with sth.
11. 抱怨 complain about sth.
12. 商店职员 store clerk
13. 给你拿错了食品 bring you the wrong food
14. 不好使 don't work
15. 恼怒 get annoyed
16. 排队等候 wait in line
17. 长时间的电话聊天 have a long telephone conversation
18. 到处跟着我 follow me around
19. 回到…… go back to
20. 一直 all the timeeasye.2000y.net
21. 碰巧发生在某人身上 happen to sb.
22. 试着不做某事 try not to do sth.
23. 加号 cut in line
24. 有点晚 a bit late
25. 定购食物 order food
26. 压低你的声音 keep your voice down
27. 讲英语的国家 English-speaking country
28. 社会行为 social behavior
29. 与某人站的近 stand close to sb.
30. 亚洲国家 Asian country
31. 在各种条件下 in all situations
32. 即使 even ifeasye.2000y.net
33. 当众 in public
34. 小心 take care to do sth.
35. 熄灭香烟 put out the cigarette
36. 被批评 be criticized
37. 扔垃圾 drop litter
38. 捡起 pick upeasye.2000y.net
39. 表现礼貌 behave politely
40. 依靠 depend on
41. 地方报纸 local newspaper

Unit 8
1. 幸运儿 lucky guy
2. 做一顿特别的饭 make a special meal
3. 你自己的选择 your own choices
4. 大腹便便的猪 a pot-bellied pig
5. 好伙伴 good company
6. 带某人出去 take sb. out to do
7. 睡着 fall asleep
8. 半途中 half wayeasye.2000y.net
9. 树上的一片叶子 a leaf from a tree
10. 赠送 give away
11. 公园长椅 park bench
12. 试着做某事 try to do sth.
13. 通过不同的方式 in different ways
14. 来自于中国各地 from across China
15. 在舞台上 on stage
16. 各种年龄层 all age groups
17. 鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.
18. 取得进步 make progress
19. 奥委会 the Olympic Committee
20. 从……中得到乐趣 have fun with sth.
21. 讲本族语的人 native speakers
22. 使某要对某事感兴趣 make sb interested in

Unit 9
1. 太空博物院 space museum
2. 游乐场 amusement park
3. 水上乐园 water park
4. 曾经到过某个地方 have been to
5. 到某个地方去了 have gone to
6. 呆在某个地方 have been in
7. 既不……也不;两者都不 neither … nor …
8. 听说 hear ofeasye.2000y.net
9. 迪斯尼人物 Disney character
10. 主题公园 a theme park
11. 当然 of course
12. 过山车 a roller coaster
13. 以……为主题 be themed by
14. 四处走动 walk around
15. 总是一直 all the time
16. 迪斯尼巡游 Disney Cruise
17. 兜风 take a ride
18. 在船上 on board
19. 走不同的路线 take different routes
20. 结束 end upeasye.2000y.net
21. 空中乘务员 a flight attendant
22. 导游 a tour guide
23. 象……这样的 such as
24. 考虑 think about
25. 胜于,而不是 rather than
26. 在东南亚 in Southeast Asia
27. 度假 take a holiday
28. 在一方面 on the one hand
29. 在另一方面 on the other hand
30. 超过 多余 more than
31. 四分之三 three quarters
32. 三分之一 one third
33. 做某事有困难 have some problem doing
34. 不管 还是 whether or
35. 夜狩 night safari
36. 在白天 ring the daytime
37. 在更自然的环境里 in a more natural environment
38. 全年 all year round
39. 靠近 be close to

Unit 10
1. 闲聊 small talk
2. 祝一天愉快 have a good day
3. 浏览;粗略看一遍 look through
4. 排队等候 wait in line
5. 穿过一条繁忙的街道 cross a busy street
6. 开场白 open questions
7. 感谢函 Thank-you note
8. 想要 feel likeeasye.2000y.net
9. 出现;陪伴 come along
10. 融洽相处 get along
11. 想起 think of
12. 有一个家宴 have a family dinner
13. 交通拥挤 heavy traffic
14. 至少 at least

『拾』 深圳八年级英语上第二课的语法是什么

八年级上英语语法点滴

1) leave的用法

1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:

When did you leave Shanghai?

你什么时候离开上海的?

2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:

Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.

下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。

3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:

Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?

你为什么要离开上海去北京?

2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用

should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如:

How should I know? 我怎么知道?

Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?

should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如:

We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。

我们在使用时要注意以下几点:

1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。例如:

You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。

2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如:

You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。

3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:

We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。

She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。

3) What...? 与 Which...?

1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问职业。如:

What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的?

该句相当于:

What does your father do?

What is your father's job?

Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如:
---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?

---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。

2. What...?是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...?是特指,所指的事物有范围的限制。如:

What color do you like best? (所有颜色)

你最喜爱什么颜色?

Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? (有特定的范围)

你最喜爱哪一种颜色?

3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:

Which pictures are from China?

哪些图片来自中国?

4) 频度副词的位置

1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:

always(总是,一直)

usually(通常)

often(常常,经常)

sometimes(有时候)

never(从不)

2.频度副词的位置:

a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如:

David is often arrives late for school.

大卫上学经常迟到。

b.放在行为动词前。如:

We usually go to school at 7:10 every day.

我们每天经常在7:10去上学。

c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如:

Sometimes I walk home, sometime I rides a bike.

有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。

3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如:

Never have I been there.
5) every day 与 everyday

1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:

We go to school at 7:10 every day.

我们每天7:10去上学。

I decide to read English every day.

我决定每天读英语。

2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。

She watches everyday English on TV after dinner.

她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。

What's your everyday activity?

你的日常活动是什么?

6) 什么是助动词
1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。
助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如:
He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。
(doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)
2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:
a. 表示时态,例如:
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
b. 表示语态,例如:
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
c. 构成疑问句,例如:
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?
Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗?
d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:
I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。
e. 加强语气,例如:
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would

7) forget doing/to do与remember doing/to do

1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)
forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)
The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.
办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)
He forgot turning the light off.
他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)
Don't forget to come tomorrow.
别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)
典型例题
---- The light in the office is still on.
---- Oh,I forgot___.
A. turning it off B. turn it off

C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。

2.remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)
remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)
Remember to go to the post office after school.
记着放学后去趟邮局。
Don't you remember seeing the man before?
你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.

1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible等:
It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。
It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
3.for 与of 的辨别方法:
用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:
You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。
He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)

9) 对两个句子的提问

新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:

句子:The boy in blue has three pens.

提问:1.Who has three pens?

2.Which boy has three pens?

3.What does the boy in blue have?
4.How many pens does the boy in blue have?

很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:

句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.

提问:1.Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

2.Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

3.What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

4.With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?

5.What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday?

6.When does he usually go to the park with his friends?

10) so、such与不定冠词的使用

1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a/an+名词”。如:

He is so funny a boy.

Jim has so big a house.

2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a/an+形容词+名词”。如:

It is such a nice day.

That was such an interesting story.

11) 使用-ing分词的几种情况

1.在进行时态中。如:

He is watching TV in the room.

They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.

2.在there be结构中。如:

There is a boy swimming in the river.

3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:

We have fun learning English this term.

They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.

4.在介词后面。如:

Thanks for helping me.

Are you good at playing basketball.
5.在以下结构中:

enjoy doing sth 乐于做某事

finish doing sth 完成做某事

feel like doing sth 想要做某事

stop doing sth 停止做某事

forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

go on doing sth 继续做某事

remember doing sth 记得做过某事

like doing sth 喜欢做某事

keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事

find sb doing sth 发现某人做某事

see/hear/watch sb doing sth 看到/听到/观看某人做某事

try doing sth 试图做某事

need doing sth 需要做某事

prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事

mind doing sth 介意做某事

practice doing sth 练习做某事

be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事

miss doing sth 错过做某事

12) 英语中的“单数”

1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:

he, she, it

my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle
2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:

man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)

3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:

go---goes---going---went---gone

work---works---working---worked---worked

watch---watches---watching---watched---watched

当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:

The boy wants to be a sales assistant.

Our English teacher is from the US.

Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
12) 英语中的“单数”

1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:

he, she, it

my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle

2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:

man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)

3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:

go---goes---going---went---gone

work---works---working---worked---worked

watch---watches---watching---watched---watched

当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:

The boy wants to be a sales assistant.

Our English teacher is from the US.

Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.

13) 名词的复数构成的几种形式

名词复数的构成可分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。

I 名词复数的规则变化

1.一般在名词词尾加-s。如:

pear---pears hamburger---hamburgers

desk---desks tree---trees

2.以字母-s, -sh, -ch, -x结尾的名词,词尾加-es。如:

class---classes dish---dishes

watch---watches box---boxes

3.以字母-o结尾的某些名词,词尾加-es。如:

potato---potatoes tomato---tomatoes

Negro---Negroes hero---heroes

4.以辅音字母加-y结尾的名词,将-y变为-i,再加-es。如:

family---families dictionary---dictionaries
city---cities country---countries

5.以字母-f或-fe结尾的名词,将-f或-fe变为-v,再加-es。如:

half---halves leaf---leaves

thief---thieves knife---knives

self---selves wife---wives

life---lives wolf---wolves

shelf---shelves loaf---loaves

但是:

scarf---scarves(fes) roof---roofs

serf---serfs gulf---gulfs

chief---chiefs proof---proofs

belief---beliefs

II 名词复数的不规则变化

1.将-oo改为--ee。如:

foot---feet tooth---teeth

2.将-man改为-men。如:

man---men woman---women

policeman---policemen postman---postmen

3.添加词尾。如:

child---children

4.单复数同形。如:

sheep---sheep deer---deer

fish---fish people---people

5.表示“某国人”的单、复数变化。即“中日瑞不变英法变,其它国把-s加后面”。如:
Chinese---Chinese Japanese---Japanese

Swiss---Swiss

Englishman---Englishmen Frenchman---Frenchmen

American---Americans Australian---Australians

Canadian---Canadians Korean---Koreans

Russian---Russians Indian---Indians

6.其它。如:

mouse---mice

apple tree---apple trees

man teacher---men teachers 14) 双写最后一个字母的-ing分词

初中阶段常见的有以下这些:

1.let→letting 让

hit→hitting 打、撞

cut→cutting 切、割

get→getting 取、得到

sit→sitting 坐

forget→forgetting 忘记

put→putting 放

set→setting 设置

babysit→babysitting 临时受雇照顾婴儿

2.shop→shopping 购物

trip→tripping 绊

stop→stopping 停止

drop→dropping 放弃

3.travel→travel(l)ing 旅游

swim→swimming 游泳

run→running 跑步

dig→digging 挖、掘

begin→beginning 开始

prefer→preferring 宁愿

plan→planning 计划

15) 肯定句变否定句及疑问句要变化的一些词

1.some变为any。如:

There are some birds in the tree.
→There aren't any birds in the tree.

但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some可以不变。如:

Would you like some orange juice?

与此相关的一些不定代词如something, somebody等也要进行相应变化。

2.and变为or。如:

I have a knife and a ruler.

→I don't have a knife or a ruler.

3.a lot of (=lots of)变为many或much。如:

They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)

→They don't have many friends.

There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词)

→There isn't much orange in the bottle.

4.already变为yet。如:

I have been there already.

→I haven't been there yet.16) in与after

in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。

1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如:

He will leave for Beijing in a week.

一周后他会动身去北京。

2.after 经常用于过去时的句子中,以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间。如:

He left for Beijing after a week.

一周后他动身去了北京。

不过,如果after后跟的是具体的时刻,它也可用于将来时。如:

We will finish the work after ten o'clock.

十点后我们会完成工作的。

3.注意区分以下的in的用法。

I'll visit him in a week.

一周后我会去拜访他。
I'll visit him twice in a week.

一周内我会去拜访他两次。
17) 不定冠词a与an的使用

1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is a "b" in the word "book".

单词book中有个字母b。

类似的字母还有:c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。

She has a small knife.

她有一把小刀。

2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is an "i" in the word "onion".

单词onion中有个字母i。

类似的字母还有:a, e, f, h, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。

Do you have an umbrella?

你有一把雨伞吗?

3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a。如:

a useful book

a universe

a one-letter word

an hour

an uncle

an umbrella

an honest person

18) 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?

英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:

1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:

He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。

You'd better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。

2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:

The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。
The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。

3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是“衣服”。如:

Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。

dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:

The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。

4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:

John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。

The man in black is a football coach.19) a little, a few 与 a bit (of)

a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别在哪里呢?

1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:

There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。

还可以接形容词。如:

He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。

2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:

There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。

3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:

It's a bit cold. 有点冷。

a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:

He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。

4. a little 表肯定意义,little 表否定意义;a few 表肯定意义,few 表否定意义。如:

There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。

There is little soda in the glass. 杯子里几乎没有汽水了。

I have a few Chinese friends. 我有一些中国朋友。

Few people like him. 几乎没有人喜欢他。

5. a little = a bit of, 后接不可数名词;

a little = a bit = a little bit = kind of, 后接形容词,意为“有点儿”。

20) 关于like的用法

like 可以作动词,也可以作介词。

1、like 作动词,表示一般性的“爱好、喜欢”,有泛指的含义。如:

Do you like the color?你喜爱这种颜色吗?

like 后可接不定式(like to do sth),也可接动词的-ing分词(like doing sth),有时意思不尽相同。如:

She likes eating apples.她喜爱吃苹果。(习惯)

She likes to eat an apple.她喜爱吃一粒苹果。(平常不喜欢吃)

like 与 would 连用,后接不定式,表示愿望或客气的请求。如:

Would you like a cup of tea?您愿意喝杯茶吗?

“喜欢某人做某事”可以用结构“like sb to do sth/doing sth”。如:

They all like me to sing/singing English songs.他们都喜欢我唱英文歌。

2、like 作介词,可译成“像......”。如:

She is friendly to us like a mother.她对我们友好,就像母亲一样。

It looks like an orange.它看起来像个桔子。

3、区分以下句子:

A. What does he look like?

B. What is he like?

A句译为“他长相如何?”指一个人的外貌特征;而B句译为“他人怎么样?”指人的性格特点。

C. The boy like Peter is over there.

D. A boy like Peter can't do it.

A句指外貌相似,而D句指性格相似。
21) stop to do sth 与 stop doing sth

1. stop to do sth 意为“停下来去做某事” 2. stop doing sth 意为“停止做某事 与它们相反的句式是:go on to do sth “继续做某事(与刚才一事不同)”和 go on doing sth “继续做某事(与刚才同一件事)”。
22) tell, speak, say 与 talk

1. tell 意为“告诉、讲述”,指某人把某一件事、一条信息传送给别人或讲述一件事。如:
tell sb sth 意为“告知某人某事
tell sb to do sth 意为“告诉某人去做某事
2. speak 意为“说话、讲话”,后面主要接语言 speak to 意为“和.....讲话、谈话”

speak of 意为“提到、说起”。如:

The book speaks of my hometown.

那本书提到我的家乡。

3. talk 意为“谈话、讲话”,如果只有一方对另一方说话时,一般用 talk to;如果双方或多方交谈,多用 with。

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