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英语人教版必修一语法总结

发布时间:2021-03-16 03:15:00

『壹』 最新人教版高一英语语法总结

5
call him a farmer 称呼他为农民 in many ways 在许多方面 struggle for 为……斗争
the past five decades 过去的五十年 be born in poverty 出生贫困 graate from 毕业于…… since then 从那以后 thanks to 由于
rid…of…使……摆脱…… be satisfied with 对……满足 lead a … life 过着……生活 care about 在意…… used to 过去常常
be used to 被用来做;习惯于 get used to 习惯于
prefer to do sth. 更喜欢做某事 wish for 欲得到、愿得到 no matter 无论 in need of 需要 refer to 谈及;提到 be rich in 富含
insist on doing 坚持做……

6
ready to do sth 准备好要做没某事 be against 反对
pay attention to 注意;留心 that is to say 换句说
be certain/sure to do 确信会做某事
persuade sb to do sth 说服某人干某事-结果成功 advise sb to do sth 劝说某人干某事-结果失败 Unit3
1.instead of 而不是;代替 2.get close (to)... 接近…… 3.get away from 逃离 4.go for a hike 去远足,郊游 5.watch out (for) 注意;当心
6.protect...from ...保护……使不受…… 7.in a few days’ time 几天之后;离……还有好几天 8.as with 至于;就……方面来说 9.go off 走开;离去 10.see...off 为某人送行 11.on the other hand 另一方面 12.as well as 也;还;而且 13.used to do 过去常常做…… 14.at least 最少;至少

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15.find out 查明;弄清楚 16.arrive at/in... 到达……
17.pick up 拿起;拾起;(偶然)得到;听到;(非正规地)学到(会);(开车)接人 18.think about 考虑 19.make notes 做笔记 20.in space 在宇宙中 21.have a picnic 野餐
bump into 撞上(=knock into);碰见 be content with 对……满足 worse off 境况差
astonish sb. with sth. 用某事物使某人震惊 be famous for 由于……而著名 in poverty 贫困 be well known 闻名 be set in 以……为背景 in search of 寻找 pick up 捡起
be caught in 被困在……
pick out (用个人喜好或希望进行)挑选 cut off切下 star in 表演

『贰』 人教版高一英语必修一全册知识点总结O(∩_∩)O谢谢

1)add vt/vi加;添加;增添
add
up合计加起来,但在口语中有时用于否定句,表示“莫名其妙,不说明问题”。
add up to
总计共达,所有一切都说明,总而言之。
add sth(to sth)把……加到……里去。
add to
增加,扩建。
add
表示“继续说,补充说”。
区别add和increase
add意思是“加,增加”,强调添加。或者表示将数字加起来求和。
increase“增加”,表示在数量,产量,尺寸,程度等方面的增加。
2)cheat
v 欺骗;作弊 n 骗子;作弊者;骗人的事
cheat sb of sthcheat sth out of sb
从某人处欺诈某物
cheat on/at/in 作弊,欺诈
3)list v
将事物列于表上;编事物的目录 n 名单;目录;一览表
make a list of 造表,列……表
take…off the
list 从表上去掉……
stand first on the list 居首位,列前茅
as listed above
如上所列
4)share
share in 分享,分担,共用
share
sth with sb 和某人共用/共享某事物
share out
分配,分发;得到股息,升股息
share(n.)in/of 一分,部分
5)trust
vi/vt 信任,信赖;依赖
trust in 相信,信任,信仰
trust to
依靠(运气等),依赖
trust that…希望,想
6)suffer vt/vi
遭受,受到,蒙受;受痛苦,受折磨,受惩罚,受损伤
suffer from 受……伤害;患……病痛
注意:suffer 和
suffer from 都不能用于被动语态
7)calm vt/vi/adj.
使平静;使镇定。平静的,镇静的,沉着的。
calm down
平静下来,镇定下来
quite指人对外界事物感触的安静。对人时,侧重不激动,平静温和,不发表意见。
still指完全没有声音或者没有动静,突然静止不动。
silent主要指人不爱说话,沉默不语。
8)concern
be
concerned about担心,关心
as/so far as…be concerned
关于,至于,就某人而言
have no concern for 毫不关心
concern oneself
in/with/about sth 忙于,从事;关心,关切
have a concern in和……有厉害关系
be
concerned in/with 参与,与……有关
9)separate v/adj 分开,和……分手;单独的,分开的,不同的
separate…from
使……和……分离
10)reason
lose one’s reason
失去理智,发狂
by reason of 由于
bring sb to reason
说服某人理智些
within reason 合理
without reason 不合理
listen to
reason 听从道理
reason sb into/out of sth
以理说服某人做/不做某事
11)power
beyond /out of one’s
power 力所不及的,不能胜任的
=not within one’s power
in power
当权的,握有政权的
come into
power掌权,得势
12)habit
form / make a habit of
doing=make it a habit to do sth 养成做某事的习惯
be in the habit of
有……的习惯
fall/get into a habit of 沾染(养成)……习惯
break(off)a
habit=get out a habit 戒除一种习惯
form good habits 养成良好的习
out of
habit 出于习惯
13)according
to为介词短语,后跟名词,代词,不能很从句,表示“根据;按照;试……而定”。
according
to其后引出的信息应来自别人或者别处,不能来自说话者自己。
according
to其后不能跟opinion,view等名词。
according as
相当于连词,后跟从句,意为“正像,根据,按照,如果”。
14)join
in
区别join;join in;take part in;attend
join
参加某个组织或者团体(党派,军队等),并且成为其中的一员。
join in
参加正在进行着的活动,如游戏,讨论,辩论,谈话等。
take part in
参加会议或者群众性的活动,并且在其中法会一定的作用。
attend
参加会议、仪式、婚礼、葬礼、上课、上学、听报告等。重在强调“参与”的动作,不强调参加者的作用。
15)dare
作实意动词有人称和数的变化,也有时态的变化;作情态动词,用于否定句,疑问句和条件句中,有时态的变化,但是没有人称和数的变化。
①在肯定据中的dare,dares,dared之后,不定式一遍加to。
②在否定句中和疑问句中的dare之后,不定时一般不加to。
③在用do或者does构成的否定句和疑问句中,理论上虽然应该有to,实际使用却经常把to省略。
I
dare say…我敢打赌说……
16)go through
经历;经受;通过考试;经过;审阅;检查
go with 伴随,与……协调 go up 上升;建起;上涨 go
over检查,审查;复习,重温
go out 熄灭;公布;播出 go ahead 进行,进展;(with)赞同 go
into从事,参加(某一行业);调查
17)get along with
同……相处;进展
get away 离开;逃避get back 回来;拿回get down 拿下;写下 get in
进入;收获
get down to 开始认真做……get on/off 上/下车 get over 克服;战胜 get across
被理解
get through 完成;通过;接通电话 get up 起床 get it
明白,理解;猜中
18)with复合结构,也可以叫做独立主格结构,在格式上没有谓语动词,在句中常作状语,表示伴随,原因,方式,条件等。
①with+名词+介词短语。在句中作状语,作后置定语。
②with+名词/代词+过去分词。其中过去分词表示被动或者完成了的动作。
③with+名词/代词+现在分词。其中现在分词表示主动或者正在进行的动作。
④with+名词/代词+不定式。其中不定式表示将要发生的动作。
⑤with+名词/代词+形容词。
19)no
longer=not…any longer
表示不再继续或者再现过去某一时刻发生或存在而一直延续的动作/状态时,常用于过去时、现在时或者将来时的句子中。
no
more=not…any more 表示再也不重复过去反复发生的动作时,常用于过去时或者将来时的句子中。
When he saw the
toy,the baby cried no longer.当看到玩具时,那婴儿不再哭了。
Now she wasn’t afraid any
more..现在她再也不害怕了。
20)①settle down to 决心去做……,专心去做……
settle on/upon 决定……,选定……
②have trouble with
使伤脑筋,苦恼;跟某人闹别扭
ask for trouble 自讨苦吃
be in trouble 在困境中,有纠纷 get sb into trouble
陷入困境
make trouble 惹麻烦 put sb to
trouble 麻烦某人 take the trouble to do
费力做

『叁』 人教高一英语必修一语法点

Unit 1 Friendship
I. Words and Phrases
1. Are you good to your friends? 你对你的朋友好吗?
be good to=be kind to:对......友善 (opp.) be bad to
eg: Thought he looks cold, in fact, he is always good to others.
尽管他看起来冷淡,但实际上他一向对人友善。
拓展: ⑴.be good at sth./doing sth. 擅长于(做)......
⑵.be good for 对......有好处/有益 (opp.) be bad for
★ ⑶.do good(n.) to 给......带来好处或益处
eg: Eat more fruit, and it will do good to you.
多吃水果,那会使你受益。 (opp.) do harm to

2. Make the following survey.
`survey (n.) 调查,测验;民意调查,民意测验
eg: ①.The school carried out a survey to find who is the most popular among students.
学校进行了一次调查,看看谁在学生中最受欢迎。
②.In order to know what the people need most, the government has done many surveys.
为了弄清楚人们最迫切的需要,政府进行了多次民意测验。
sur`vey (v.) 调查,测验;进行民意调查,进行民意测验
eg: We surveyed 500 smokers and found over three quarters would like to give up.
我们对500个吸烟者进行了调查,发现四分之三的人想要戒烟。

语法专题训练:
一、用who, which, whose, that, when, where, why填空。
1. This was the best model of radio set ________ the factory made in 2001.
2. Do you know anyone ________ knows about the history of the pyramids?
3. We have visited the factory, ________ my grandfather once worked.
4. We'll never forget the day ________ we traveled abroad.

『肆』 高中必修一英语语法总结

求高中必修一英语语法的总结
总之,语法是从语言实践中总结出来的规则,总结是自己的事。别人的总结,给了你,也不能成为你的知识。语法书可以说

『伍』 求 高中必修一英语语法总结

组成句子的各个部分叫句子成分。英语句子成分有主语,谓语,表语,宾语,宾语补足语,定语,状语等。

顺序一般是主语,谓语,宾语,宾语补足语,而表语,定语,状语的位置要根据情况而定。

1、主语
主语表示句子主要说明的人或事物,一般由名词,代词,数词,不定式等充当。
Helikeswatch'ingTV.他喜欢看电视。
2、谓语
谓语说明主语的动作,状态或特征。
1),简单谓语
由动词(或短语动词)构成。
可以有不同的时态,语态和语气。
Westud'yforthepeo'ple.我们为人民学习。
2),复合谓语:情态动词+不定式
Icanspeakalit'tleEng'lish.我可以说一点英语。
3、表语
表语是谓语的一部分,它位于系动词如be之后,说明主语身份,特征,属性或状态。一般由名词,代词,形容词,副词,不定式,介词短语等充当。
Mysis'terisanurse.我姐姐是护士。
4、宾语
宾语表示动作行为的对象,跟在及物动词之后,能作宾语的有名词,代词,数词,动词不定式等。
WelikeEng'lish.我们喜欢英语。
有些及物动词可以带两个宾语,往往一个指人,一个指物,指人的叫间接宾语,指物的叫直接宾语。
Hegavemesom'eink.他给了我一点墨水。
有些及物动词的宾语后面还需要有一个补足语,意思才完整,宾语和它的补足语构成复合宾语。如:
Wemakehimourmon'itor.我们选他当班长。
5、定语
在句中修饰名词或代词的成分叫定语。
用作定语的主要是形容词,代词,数词,名词,副词,动词不定式,介词短语等。形容词,代词,数词,名词等作定语时,通常放在被修饰的词前面。
Heisanewstu'dent.他是个新生。
但副词,动词不定式,介词短语等作定语时,则放在被修饰的词之后。
Thebikeintheroomismine.房间里的自行车是我的。
6、状语
修饰动词,形容词,副词以及全句的句子成分,叫做状语。用作状语的通常是副词,介词短语,不定式和从句等。状语一般放在被修饰的词之后或放在句尾。副词作状语时可放在被修饰的词前或句首。
HelivesinLon'don.他住在伦敦。
7.补语用来说明宾语或主语所处的状态或正在进行的动作,因为英语中有些动词加宾语后意思仍然不完整,如:make(使...),ask(请)等等。如果我们说:我们使我们的祖国。这不是一句完整的话。应该说:我们使我们的祖国更美丽。这是的“美丽的(beautiful)”为形容词做补语,说明祖国的状态。英语句子为:We will make our country more beautiful.作补语的词或词组为:形容词,副词,名词,不定式,ing形式,数词等。
句子的类型:
1.主语+谓语
2.主语+谓语+状语
3.主语+谓语+宾语
4.主语+系动词+表语
5.主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语
6.主语+谓语+直接宾语+间接宾语
7.主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语
A

a (large) number of 许多

a bit 一点儿

a block of 一块

a bottle of 一瓶

a few 许多

a good/great deal of 大量(的);非常多(的)

a great/good many 很多的, 非常多的

a group of 一群,一组

a little 许多

a lot of/lots of 许多

a pair of 一双,一对

a piece of 一片(张,块)

a pile of 一堆

a place of interest 名胜

a set of 一套

a sort of 一种

a type of 一种类型的

a waste of 白费; 浪费

above all 首先;首要

according to 根据...

act as 充当;作;起......的作用

add up to 加起来是

add... to 把.....加到......上

admit doing sth 承认做过某事

advise doing sth 建议做某事

advise sb. against doing sth 建议(劝)某人不要做某事

advise sb not to do sth 建议(劝)某人不要做某事

advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事

afford to do 有经济条件做某事

after a (short) while 不久以后

after all 毕竟;终究

after graation 毕业以后

again and again 反复地;再三地

agree on 商定;决定;达成共识

agree to do sth 同意做某事

agree to sth 同意(计划或建议)

agree with sb/what sb does 同意某人的意见

all along 一直,始终

all day and all night 整日整夜

all kinds of 各种各样的

all night 整夜

all of a sudden 突然,冷不防

all one's life 终生,一辈子

all over 到处,遍及…,浑身,结束

all over the country 遍及全国

all right 好吧,行吧,病好了

all round 周围,遍及四周

all sorts of 各种各样的

all the best 万事如意

all the same 一样,照样,完全一样

all the year round 一年到头

all through 自始至终

allow into 允许进入

allow doing 允许做某事

allow sb to do 允许某人做某事

and so on 等等

answer for 对......负责

apply for 申请...

arrive at /in 到达某地

as a matter of fact 事实上;其实

as a result(of) 结果

as if/though 好象;好似

as many/much as 多达......

as soon as 一……就……

as usual 象往常一样,照例

as well 也;有

as......as 像;如同

as/so far as 一直到… (程度)

ask sb to do sth 要求某人做某事

ask…for 询问;向......要

at (the) most 至多

at (the)least 至少

at a high price 以高价......

at a time 每次;一次

at all 全然,究竟,到底

at breakfast 早餐时;正吃早饭

at first hand 第一手地,直接地

at first 起先;开端

at hand 在手边,在近处

at home and abroad 国内外

at home 在家里

at night 在夜晚,在夜里

at noon 在中午

at once 立刻,马上

at one time 以前;曾经

at present 现在;目前

at sea 在海上

at someone’s hands 出自某人之手,因为某人

at the age of 在......岁时

at the beginning of 在......的开始

at the end of 最后;尽头

at the foot of 在….的脚下

at the latest 最迟;至迟

at the mercy of 在......支配下

at the same time 同时

at the school gate / at the gate of the school 在学校门口

at the time of 在......的时候

at the top of one's voice 高声地喊叫

at work 再工作,在运转,在起作用

B

be able to do sth (有能力)做某事

be about to 即将

be afraid of 害怕

be against 反对

be angry at sth 对某事生气

be angry with sb 愤怒,生某人的

be anxious about /for 为......担心,焦急

be away from 远离......

be bad at 在......弱,差

be busy doing sth 忙于做……

be busy with sth 忙于......

be careful (of) 当心,小心

be covered with/by 为......所覆盖

be different from 与......不同

be famous as 作为......著名

be famous for 因......而著名

be far away from 远离…

be filled with 用......装满

be fit for 适合

be fond of 爱好;喜爱

be for 支持

be free to do sth 随意做某事

be friendly to sb 对…友好的

year by year 逐年的(表变化)

be good at 在......擅长,善于…

be in love with 与......相爱

be in the habit of doing 有做…的习惯

be late for 迟到

be made from /of 由...... 制成

be made in 由……(产地)制造

be made up of 由...构成;由...组成

be of great help 对…很有帮助

be on fire 在......着火

be on holiday 在假期中

be on show 展览

be poor in 在......差

be popular with sb 深受......欢迎

be prepared for 为……做好准备

be proud of 为......而自豪

be ready (for) 为……做好准备

be rich in 在......充足;富含.....

be satisfied/content with 对……感到满意

be seated 坐下;坐着

be strict with(in) 对某人(物)要求严格

be sure about/of 确信;有把握

be terrified at 被……吓一跳

be tired of sth/doing sth 厌倦做某事

be tired with/from 因......感到厌倦

be torn open 被撕开

be unfit for 不合适,不称职,不胜任

be used to do ...... 被用来作某事

be used to sth/doing sth 习惯做某事

be weak in/at在......弱

be worth doing 值得做......

be wrong with 出毛病,不对头

beat…to death 把.....打死

because of 因为;由于

before long 不久

beg one's pardon 企求

begin…with 从......开始

believe in 信任,信仰

belong to 属于

beyond help 不可挽救的

beyond hope 没有希望的

blow away 刮走;吹走

break away from 脱离......

break down 分解,机器等坏了;身体跨了

break in 插话;强行进入

break into 闯入

break off 打断;折段

break out 爆发,突然发生

break the law 违法,犯法

break the habit of doing 改掉…的习惯

break the rule 违反规定

break up 分解,腐蚀,驱散

break with 与......断绝关系

bring down 使到下;降低

bring in 引来,引进;吸收

bring on 使前进

bring out 说明,阐明

bring up 教育;培养;提出

burn down 把......烧成平地;烧光

burn...to the ground 把......烧成平地

by accident 偶然

by air 乘飞机

by and by 不久,不久以后

by day 日间;白天里

by far 很,极

by hand 手工地

by means of 通过这种方式

by mistake 由疏忽所致

by sea 乘船

by spaceship 乘宇宙飞船

by the end of 在结束之前

by the side of 在......附近

by the way 顺便说

by this means 通过这种方式

by turns 轮流,交替

C

call at some place 访问某地

call back 回电话

call for 去取(某物); 去接(某人);要求,需求

call in 召集

call on sb to do sth 号召某人做某事

call on(upon) sb 拜访某人

call out 着急,大声叫

call sb up 给某人打电话

can’t help doing 情不自禁的做…

care for 喜欢;想要

carry away 冲掉;冲走

carry off 夺走

carry on 进行

carry out 实行,执行,贯彻

carry through 进行到底,完成

catch/take a cold 着凉,感冒

catch fire 着火

catch hold of 抓住,抓牢

catch sight of 望见

catch up with sb 赶上(某人)

change for 换成

change one's mind 改变主意

change...into 把......变成

clear away 把......清除掉

clear up 整理;收拾

collect money for 为......募捐

come about 发生

come across 碰到

come along 快点,来吧

come back 回来

come back to life 苏醒,复活

come down 下来,下降

come from 来自

come in 进来

come into being 形成,产生

come off 从......离开;脱落

come on 快些,加油

come out 出版;开放

come to 共计;达到

come true 成为现实

come up 走进,上前来

compare with 把......和......进行比较

compare to 与......相比

connect to 把...... 接到......

connect with 与......相连

consider doing sth 考路做某事

consider sb as/to be 认为......;把某人看做…

cut off 切断

cut through 剪断

cut up 切碎

D

date back to 追溯到

date from 起始于;追溯到

day after day 日复一日地

day and night=night and day 日日夜夜

deal with 对付;处理

decide to do sth 决定做某事

depend on 依赖;靠 ......决定

devote to 把......献于;把......用于

die from 死于(外因).....

die of 死于(内因).....

die out 灭绝

divide into 分成

do a good deed 对某人做了一件好事

do fine 赶得好

do good 有好处

do harm 有害处

do one’s homework 做家庭作业

do one's best 尽力

do sb a favour / do a favour for sb 帮某人一个忙

do sb good / do good to sb 对某人有好处

do some cleaning/cooking/washing/shopping 打扫卫生/做饭/洗衣服/买东西

do up 收拾,打扮;包装

do well in 在......做的好

do with 处理

do wrong 做坏事;犯罪

dozens of 几十

dream of 向往;渴望;梦想

dress up 打扮

drive off 赶走

drive sb mad 使某人发疯

drop in on sb 顺便拜访某人

drop in at some place 顺便拜访某地

E

each other 彼此,互相

earn one's living 谋生

eat up 吃光

either...or… 或者…或者

end in 以......结束,最后

end up 告终

end with 以......结束

enjoy oneself 过得愉快

even though/if 尽管;即使

ever since 自那时起一直到现在

every few years 每隔几年

every other year 每隔一年

every two years 每两年

F

face to face 面对面

fail in doing sth 做某事失败

fail to do sth 没做成某事

fall asleep 入睡

fall behind 落后于

fall ill 生病

far away 遥远的

far from 远离…

feed on 以…为主食

feel free to do sth 觉得自己可以随意做某事

feel like doing sth 想要或喜欢做某事

feel one’s way 摸索着前进

fight about/over 因为…争吵

fight against … 与…作斗争

fight back 抵抗, 反击

fight for … 为… 而斗争

fight off 击退,竭力摆脱

fight on 继续战斗

fight out 通过争斗解决争论,平息不和

fill … with… 用…把…装满

fill in 填充;填写

find out 查明;发现;了解

fire at 朝… 开枪

first of all 首先

fix a date for 确定…的日期

fix one’s eyes upon sth/sb 盯着…看

fix up 安排,安顿

for ever 永远

for example 例如

for fear of/for 由于担心…,因为怕…

for free 免费

for fun 为了消遣

for joy 高兴地

for the first time 第一次

『陆』 急求高一人教版必修一的所有英语语法!!!

高一英语必修一语法要点
一. 一般现在时 1. 表示主语现在所处的状态及其所具备的特征、性格、能力等 例如:I am a girl. 2. 表示习惯性、经常性的动作 例如:I usually go to bed at 9:00. 3. 标志性的词语 Always often sometimes now and then 4. 若助于为第三人称单数(he she it)则动词要用单三现 二. 现在进行时 1. 说话时正在进行的动作 例如:I am reading. 2.表示即将发生的动作,多用于go come start leave return arrive stay fly等词语之中,句子中常常有时间状语 例如:The plane is going to Beijing. 3.当句子中出现了always 、forever 、constantly 、continually 、 All the time等 例如:I am always thinking of you.
三. 倍数比较 1.A+系动词+倍数词+as+ adj \adv的原型+as+B 例如:The class is twice as big as that one. 2.A+系动词+倍数词+adj\adv的比较级+than+B 例如:The class is twice bigger than that class. 3.A+系动词+倍数词+the size\amount(数量)\ength\width\height \depth\+of+B 例如:The class is twice the size of that class.
四. With的复合结构 1. With+宾语+宾语补足语 宾语补足语根据逻辑意义的不同可以是不同的词语,如形容词、现在分词、过去分词、副词、介词短语、不定式等,with在复合结构中常作状语 2.常用结构 ○1with+宾语+doing 表主动与进行 例如:Tom was quite safe with Lucy standing behind him. ○2with+宾语+done 表被动与完成 例如:With all things she need bought,she went home. ○3with+宾语+to do 表将来 例如:With so many thing to deal with. 五. 现在完成进行时 现在完成进行时 1.基本表达式(I have been doing ) I/ we/ you/ they have been doing sth. he/ she/ it has been doing sth. 2.表示从过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作,并且还将持续下去。 The Chinese have been making paper for two thousand years. 中国有2000年的造纸历史。(动作还将继续下去) I have been learning English since three years ago. 自从三年前以来我一直在学英语。(动作还将继续下去) 3.表示在说话时刻之前到现在正在进行的动作。 We have been waiting for you for half an hour. 我们已经等你半个钟头了(人还没到,如同在电话里说的,还会继续等) 4.有些现在完成进行时的句子等同的句子。 例如:They have been living in this city for ten years. They have lived in this city for ten years. 他们在这个城市已经住了10年了。 I have been working here for five years. I have worked here for five years. 我在这里已经工作五年了。 5.大多数现在完成进行时的句子不等同于现在完成时的句子。 例如:I have been writing a book.(动作还将继续下去) 我一直在写一本书。 I have written a book.(动作已经完成) 我已经写了一本书。 They have been building a bridge. 他们一直在造一座桥。 They have built a bridge. 他们造了一座桥。 6.表示状态的动词不能用于现在完成进行时。 例如:I have known him for years. 我认识他已经好几年了。 I have been knowing... 这类不能用于现在完成进行时的动词还有:love爱,like喜欢, hate讨厌,等。 注意:比较过去时与现在完成时 1.过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作;现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响。 2.过去时常与具体的时间状语连用,而现在完成时通常与模糊的时间状语连用,或无时间状语。 一般过去时的时间状语: yesterday, last week,…ago, in1980, in October, just now, 具体的时间状语 共同的时间状语: this morning, tonight,this April, now, once,before, already, recently,lately 现在完成时的时间状语 for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till / until, up to now, in past years, always, 不确定的时间状语 3.现在完成时可表示持续到现在的动作或状态,动词一般是延续性的,如live, teach, learn, work, study, know. 过去时常用的非持续性动词有come, go, leave, start, die, finish, become, get married等。 例如: I saw this film yesterday. (强调看的动作发生过了。) I have seen this film. (强调对现在的影响,电影的内容已经知道了。) Why did you get up so early? (强调起床的动作已发生过了。) Who hasn't handed in his paper? (强调有卷子,可能为不公平竞争。) She has returned from Paris. 她已从巴黎回来了。 She returned yesterday. 她是昨天回来了。 He has been in the League for three years. (在团内的状态可延续) He has been a League member for three years. (是团员的状态可持续) He joined the League three years ago. ( 三年前入团,joined为短暂行为。) I have finished my homework now. ---Will somebody go and get Dr. White? ---He's already been sent for. 句子中如有过去时的时间副词(如 yesterday, last, week, in 1960)时,不能使用现在完成时,要用过去时。 (错)Tom has written a letter to his parents last night. (对)Tom wrote a letter to his parents last night.
六.过去完成时 1. 概念:表示过去的过去 其构成是had +过去分词构成。 那时以前 那时 现在 2. 用法 a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。 She said (that) she had never been to Paris. b. 状语从句 在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。 When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…" We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't. 3.过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。 例如:He said that he had learned some English before. By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself. Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party. 七.现在完成进行时 1.其构成形式如下: I / we / they have been + 动词的现在分词 He / she / it has been + 动词的现在分词 功用如下: 2. 表示一个在过去开始而在最近刚刚结束的行动,如: Ann is very tired. She has been working hard. Why are you clothes so dirty? What have you been doing? 3.表示一个从过去开始但仍在进行的行动,如: It has been raining for two hours. (现在还在下) Jack hasn’t been feeling very well recently. 4. 表示一个从过去开始延续到现在,可以包括现在在内的一个阶段内,重复发生的行动,如: She has been playing tennis since she was eight. 5. 现在完成时强调动作行为的结果、影响,而现在完成进行时只强调动作行为本身,如: Tom’s hands are very dirty. He has been repairing the car. The car is going again now. Tom has repaired it. 注意: 现在完成时有否定结构、而现在完成进行时没有否定结构。 现在完成时态可表示做完的时期以及已有的经验、但现在完成进行时不可以 现在完成进行时的否定结构 现在完成进行时有时也可用否定结构。 如: Since that unfortunate accident last week, I haven’t been sleeping at all well. 自从上周发生了那次不幸事故之后,我一直睡得很不好. He hasn’t been working for me and I haven’t has that much contact with him. 他并没有给我工作过,我和他没有过那许多接触。 6.否定句构成: 主语+has/have+not+been+现在分词 7.一般疑问句构成: Have/has+主语+been+现在分词+其他

『柒』 人教版高一英语必修一各个单元的语法知识点

一. 一般现在时
1. 表示主语现在所处的状态及其所具备的特征、性格、能力等
例如:I am a girl.
2. 表示习惯性、经常性的动作
例如:I usually go to bed at 9:00.
3. 标志性的词语
Always often sometimes now and then
4. 若助于为第三人称单数(he she it)则动词要用单三现
二. 现在进行时
1. 说话时正在进行的动作
例如:I am reading.
2.表示即将发生的动作,多用于go come start leave return arrive stay fly等词语之中,句子中常常有时间状语
例如:The plane is going to Beijing.
3.当句子中出现了always 、forever 、constantly 、continually 、
All the time等
例如:I am always thinking of you.
三. 倍数比较
1.A+系动词+倍数词+as+ adj \adv的原型+as+B
例如:The class is twice as big as that one.
2.A+系动词+倍数词+adj\adv的比较级+than+B
例如:The class is twice bigger than that class.
3.A+系动词+倍数词+the size\amount(数量)\ength\width\height
\depth\+of+B
例如:The class is twice the size of that class.
四. With的复合结构
1. With+宾语+宾语补足语
宾语补足语根据逻辑意义的不同可以是不同的词语,如形容词、现在分词、过去分词、副词、介词短语、不定式等,with在复合结构中常作状语
2.常用结构
○1with+宾语+doing
表主动与进行
例如:Tom was quite safe with Lucy standing behind him.
○2with+宾语+done
表被动与完成
例如:With all things she need bought,she went home.
○3with+宾语+to do
表将来
例如:With so many thing to deal with.
五. 现在完成进行时
现在完成进行时
1.基本表达式(I have been doing )
I/ we/ you/ they have been doing sth.
he/ she/ it has been doing sth.
2.表示从过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作,并且还将持续下去。
The Chinese have been making paper for two thousand years.
中国有2000年的造纸历史。(动作还将继续下去)
I have been learning English since three years ago.
自从三年前以来我一直在学英语。(动作还将继续下去)
3.表示在说话时刻之前到现在正在进行的动作。
We have been waiting for you for half an hour.
我们已经等你半个钟头了(人还没到,如同在电话里说的,还会继续等)
4.有些现在完成进行时的句子等同的句子。
例如:They have been living in this city for ten years.
They have lived in this city for ten years.
他们在这个城市已经住了10年了。
I have been working here for five years.
I have worked here for five years.
我在这里已经工作五年了。
5.大多数现在完成进行时的句子不等同于现在完成时的句子。
例如:I have been writing a book.(动作还将继续下去)
我一直在写一本书。
I have written a book.(动作已经完成)
我已经写了一本书。
They have been building a bridge.
他们一直在造一座桥。
They have built a bridge.
他们造了一座桥。
6.表示状态的动词不能用于现在完成进行时。
例如:I have known him for years.
我认识他已经好几年了。
I have been knowing...
这类不能用于现在完成进行时的动词还有:love爱,like喜欢, hate讨厌,等。
注意:比较过去时与现在完成时
1.过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作;现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响。
2.过去时常与具体的时间状语连用,而现在完成时通常与模糊的时间状语连用,或无时间状语。
一般过去时的时间状语:
yesterday, last week,…ago, in1980, in October, just now, 具体的时间状语
共同的时间状语:
this morning, tonight,this April, now, once,before, already, recently,lately
现在完成时的时间状语
for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till / until, up to now, in past years, always,
不确定的时间状语
3.现在完成时可表示持续到现在的动作或状态,动词一般是延续性的,如live, teach, learn, work, study, know.
过去时常用的非持续性动词有come, go, leave, start, die, finish, become, get married等。
例如: I saw this film yesterday.
(强调看的动作发生过了。)
I have seen this film.
(强调对现在的影响,电影的内容已经知道了。)
Why did you get up so early?
(强调起床的动作已发生过了。)
Who hasn't handed in his paper?
(强调有卷子,可能为不公平竞争。)
She has returned from Paris.
她已从巴黎回来了。
She returned yesterday.
她是昨天回来了。
He has been in the League for three years.
(在团内的状态可延续)
He has been a League member for three years.
(是团员的状态可持续)
He joined the League three years ago.
( 三年前入团,joined为短暂行为。)
I have finished my homework now.
---Will somebody go and get Dr. White?
---He's already been sent for.
句子中如有过去时的时间副词(如 yesterday, last, week, in 1960)时,不能使用现在完成时,要用过去时。
(错)Tom has written a letter to his parents last night. (对)Tom wrote a letter to his parents last night.
六.过去完成时
1. 概念:表示过去的过去
其构成是had +过去分词构成。
那时以前 那时 现在
2. 用法
a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。
She said (that) she had never been to Paris.
b. 状语从句
在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。
When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.
c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"
We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.
3.过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。
例如:He said that he had learned some English before.
By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself.
Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.
七.现在完成进行时
1.其构成形式如下:
I / we / they have been + 动词的现在分词
He / she / it has been + 动词的现在分词 功用如下:
2. 表示一个在过去开始而在最近刚刚结束的行动,如:
Ann is very tired. She has been working hard.
Why are you clothes so dirty? What have you been doing?
3.表示一个从过去开始但仍在进行的行动,如:
It has been raining for two hours. (现在还在下)
Jack hasn’t been feeling very well recently.
4. 表示一个从过去开始延续到现在,可以包括现在在内的一个阶段内,重复发生的行动,如:
She has been playing tennis since she was eight.
5. 现在完成时强调动作行为的结果、影响,而现在完成进行时只强调动作行为本身,如:
Tom’s hands are very dirty. He has been repairing the car.
The car is going again now. Tom has repaired it.
注意:
现在完成时有否定结构、而现在完成进行时没有否定结构。 现在完成时态可表示做完的时期以及已有的经验、但现在完成进行时不可以 现在完成进行时的否定结构 现在完成进行时有时也可用否定结构。
如: Since that unfortunate accident last week, I haven’t been sleeping at all well. 自从上周发生了那次不幸事故之后,我一直睡得很不好.
He hasn’t been working for me and I haven’t has that much contact with him. 他并没有给我工作过,我和他没有过那许多接触。
6.否定句构成:
主语+has/have+not+been+现在分词
7.一般疑问句构成:
Have/has+主语+been+现在分词+其他

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