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八年级上下册英语短语及语法

发布时间:2021-03-16 00:40:17

1. 初二英语上下册词组大全

初二第二学期
1
on television电视播放的
at the age of在什么岁时
at a price付代价
be strict with对什么严格
fall ill病倒
in place of代替
be grateful to感激某人
be curious about对什么感到好奇
search for找寻
lead to 使发生
protect from保护什么以免什么
be tired of 厌倦
be known as 被称作
set up 建立
for love 出于热爱
forget about 不再想
come on 得了吧
save up 储蓄
fight for与什么斗争
be equal to 与什么平等
in total总计
2
get into trouble使什么陷入麻烦中
run around到处跑
get in trouble with犯事而落到某人手里
laugh at嘲笑
from all over the world全世界
be delighted with 对某物很满意
play against 同什么比赛
score a goal射门得分
play a trick on 戏弄某人
set out 出发
life jacket 救生衣
in trouble处于困境
date back to 追溯到
in existence存在
in good condition处于良好的状态
knock down 撞到
in reply回答
move out one’s way不挡某人的道
3
both and 不仅什么而且什么
jump out of one’s skin 大吃一惊
make a deep impression on 给某人留下什么印象
film star电影明星
turn off关掉
make friends with 交朋友
take off 起飞
bump into 撞上
make money赚钱
a week or two 一两个星期
be worth doing值得做
be going to do 打算做
a couple of 几个
4
ecational exchange教育交流
keep in touch with与某人保持联系
shout out 大胜说出
a bit一点点
places of interest名胜古迹
do much sightseeing四处观光旅游
take pictures of照相
take with 随身携带
be ready to do 乐于做
fellow students同学
take to 开始喜欢
after a while过了一会儿
get used to 习惯
all the time 一直
be different to 与么不同
high school中学
5
pocket money零用钱
after all毕竟
pay for付钱
be serious about为认真对待
for nothing免费
argue with 争辩
be concerned about对什么担心
get angry with 生气
pop music流行音乐
generation gap代沟
do the washing洗衣服
by hand 用手
disagree with 不同意
wash the dishes洗碗
be happy with 快乐同
be willing to do 愿意做某事
be busy dong 忙于
insist on坚持
try doing尝试做
look forward to doing 盼望
6
have a rest休息一会儿
come by 经过
and so on 等等
all sorts of 各种各样的
do a good job干得好
dig up 挖出
have an argument争论
knock out击倒
call out 大声叫喊
set free释放
comp up 跟上来
have one’s own way随心所欲
here and there到处
hurry away匆匆离开
7
a long time ago很久以前
get old变老
go wrong出错
lose one’s memory 失去记忆
hear about听说
grey matter灰质
white matter白质
nervous system 神经系统
in one’s 90s九十多岁时
a large amount of大量的
put on weight 胖了
lose weight减肥
leave school 毕业
keep for oneself 把某物留给自己
in need贫困
make a noise发出噪音
less than 少于
pass on to把某物传给
at a time一次
the whole of one’s life一生
divide into分开
link with 把什么与什么连接起来
focus one’s attention集中注意力

2. 八年级上册英语重点语法.短语

1. 人称代词<br> 主格: I we you she he it they<br> 宾格: me us you her him it them<br> 形容词性物主代词:my our your her his its their<br> 名词性物主代词: mine ours yours hers his its theirs<br> <br> 2.形容词和副词的比较级<br> (1) 一般在形容词或副词后+er<br> older taller longer stronger, etc<br> (2) 多音节词前+more<br> more interesting, etc.<br> (3) 双写最后一个字母,再+er<br> bigger fatter, etc.<br> (4) 把y变i,再+er<br> heavier, earlier<br> (5) 不规则变化:<br> well-better, much/many-more, etc.<br> <br> 3.可数词的复数形式<br> Most nouns + s a book –books<br> Nouns ending in a consonant +y - y+ ies a story—stories<br> Nouns ending in s, sh, ch or x + es a glass—glasses a watch-watches<br> Nouns ending in o +s or +es a piano—pianos a mango—mangoes<br> Nouns ending in f or fe - f or fe +ves a knife –knives a shelf-shelves<br> <br> 4.不可数名词(单复数形式不变)<br> bread, rice, water ,juice etc.<br> <br> 5. 缩略形式<br> I’m = I am you’re = you are she’s = she is he’s = he is<br> it’s = it is who’s =who is can’t =can not isn’t=is not etc<br> <br> 6. a/an<br> a book, a peach<br> an egg an hour<br> <br> 7. Preposition:<br> on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind.<br> 表示时间: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast<br> on Monday on 15th July On National Day<br> in the evening in December in winter<br> <br> 8. 基数词和序数词<br> one – first two-second twenty-twentieth<br> <br> 9. Some /any<br> I have some toys in my bedroom.<br> Do you have any brothers or sisters?<br> <br> 10. be 动词<br> (1) Basic form: am/are/is<br> (2) 肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London.<br> My eyes are(not) small.<br> My hair is(not) long.<br> (3)一般疑问句: Am I a Chniese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.<br> Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.<br> Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.<br> <br> 11. there be 结构<br> 肯定句: There is a …<br> There are …<br> 一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.<br> Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.<br> 否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….<br> <br> 12. 祈使句<br> Sit down please<br> Don’t sit down, please.<br> <br> 13. 现在进行时.通常用“now”.<br> 形式: be + verb +ing<br> eg: I am(not) doing my homework.<br> You/We/They are(not) reading.<br> He/She/It is(not) eating.<br> <br> 动词 —ing 的形式<br> Most verbs +ing walk—walking<br> Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming<br> Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming<br> <br> 14 一般现在时。通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。<br> 形式:<br> 肯定句:<br> I go to school on foot every day.<br> She goes to school on foot every day

3. 人教版八年级下册英语重点单词短语及用法。谢谢了。

人教版新目标8年级下英语语法重点 Unit 1 Will people have robots? 重点语法:一般将来时态的应用 Unit 2 What should I do? 重点语法:过去将来时态(将来时态的委婉说法) Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived? 重点语法:过去进行时态 Unit 4 He said I was hard-working. 重点语法:宾语从句 Unit 5 If you go to the party, you'll have a great time! 重点语法:if 引导的条件状语从句 Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells? 重点语法:现在完成进行时态 Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music? 重点语法:mind [one's] doing sth. 介意(某人)做某事 Unit 8 Why don't you get her a scarf? 重点语法:询问别人为什么要做或者不做某事 Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement? 重点语法:现在完成时态 Unit 10 It's a nice day, isn't it? 重点语法:反意疑问句

4. 初二下册英语知识归纳(语法,短语。。。)

need to do sth需要做某事(人做主语)
need doing sth需要做某事(物做主语)
hear sb do sth听到某人做过某事
hear sb doing sth听到某人正在做某事
hear of +sb/sth听到或知道某人某物
hear about +sth听到关于某事物的消息
hear from sb 收到某人来信
stop to do sth停下来去做某事
stop doing sth停止做某事
go on to do sth接着去做某事
go on doing sth继续做某事
remember to do sth记住去做某事
remember doing sth记住做过某事
forget to do sth忘记去做某事
forget doing sth忘记做过某事
be angry with sb对某人生气
be angry at sth对某事很生气
like to do sth喜欢做某事(强调一次性的动作)
like doing sth喜欢做某事(泛指长期性习惯性地)
hate to do sth讨厌做某事(强调一次性的动作)
hate doing sth讨厌做某事(泛指长期性习惯性地)
refuse to do sth拒绝做某事
try to do sth设法或努力去做某事
try doing sth尝试着做某事
be afraid to do sth害怕做某事
be afraid of (doing) sth害怕(做)某事
warn sb of/about sth警告某人
warn sb (not)to do sth警告某人(不要)做某事
learn to do sth学习做某事
agree to do sth同意做某事
hope/wish to do sth希望做某事
decide to do sth决定做某事
begin/start to do sth开始做某事
in the end=at last=finally最后
sth happen to sb某事发生在某人身上
give an interview接受采访
make sb+adj\do sth使某人……\让某人做某事
be\become interested in sth/doing sth对……感兴趣
win取胜(比赛)
beat打败(人)
interested 有趣的(修饰人)
interesting有趣的(修饰物)
exciting激动人心的(修饰物)
excited激动人心的(修饰人)
relaxing放松的(修饰物)
relaxed放松的(修饰人)
surpised惊奇的(修饰人)
surpising惊奇的(修饰物)
be made from由…制成(看不出原材料)
be made of由…制成(看得出原材料)
see/hear sb do sth 看到/听见某人做某事
want to do sth=would like to do sth想要做某事
would like sth想要某物
would like sb to do sth想要/愿意某人做某事
too much太多
much too非常
be dangerous ……是危险的
be in danger ……处于危险中
in the dangerous陷入困境
in dangerous濒危灭绝
take up占据时间或空间
tidy up收拾 整理
look after=take care of照顾
help sb(to) do/with sth帮助某人做某事
spend…on/doing sth花时间/金钱干某事
as a result of= because of因为 由于
come out出版 发行 发芽 开花 出来
hold the line=hold on for a moment=wait for a moment稍等,别挂电
right now=at the moment=now 现在
right now=right away=at once立刻,马上
invite sb to do sth邀请某人做某事
invite sb to sw 邀请某人去某地
good luck with sth祝某事物好运
good luck to sb 祝某人好运
a couple of 几个两个 表示同类的物体但不是成对的
a pair of 表示成双成对的
in fact=actually事实上
by the way 顺便说一声
far away 遥远的
far(away)from 离……远
alone独自一人的(表状态)
lonely寂寞的(表感觉)
after all 毕竟
be afraid to do sth=be afraid of (doing)sth害怕(做)某事
make friends with 与某人交朋友
worry about=be worried about担心 担忧
don't mention it=you're welcome=That'okay=That'all right=Not at all 不客气
look out=be carefully=look out for小心

look out of朝……外看
look for寻找
look like看上去像
look forward to 盼望
look up查找
look after=take care of照顾
look over检查身体
look through浏览
look down on(upon)轻视 看不起
look around/round四处看看
look like …看起来像…(比较的人或物分别放在前后作主语和宾语)
look the same …看起来像(比较的人或物都放在前面作主语)
as if好像(后面接句子)
be on上演
thank you for……=thanks for因…而感谢

ask for job 求职
once a week一周一次
use…for… 用…来做…
take off卸下、起飞、脱下、休假
land in降落
put on穿上
turn off/out 关上
turn on 打开
turn up开大一点
turn down开大一点
pick up 拿起
动词+宾语+身体部位 攻击某人身体部位
stay cool保持冷静
stop talking 停止谈话
be business 出差
rather…than… 宁可…也不…
steal one's sth偷某人某物
steal sth from sb偷某人某物
on one's way to在……路上
take sb around=show sb around带领某人参观某地
join=take part in参加
decide to do sth决定干某事
come this way 这边走
the latest news最新消息
introce …to… 把……介绍给…
too …to… 太…而不能
prefer A to B AB之间更喜欢A
connect A to/with B 把A与B连接
so that为了 表目的
so…that…如此…以至于
neither…or…两者都不
either…or…两者都
not only …but also不但……而且
both …and…不但…而且…
appear出现
disappear消失
weather…or not是否
the end of ……末
the beginning of ……的开头
at the end of 在……结尾
at the beginning of 在……开始
in the end of=at last=finally 最后
pocket momney零花钱
whatever无论什么
whoever无论谁
whichever无论哪个
whenever无论何时
wherever无论何地
动名词表达的是:状态 性质 心境 抽象 经常性 已发生的
不定式表达的是:目的 结果 原因 具体 一次性 将发生的
may引导的疑问句当否定回答时may要变must
must引导的疑问句当否定回答时must要变need
it seem that 好像
an interesting place名胜
all together一起
rather A than B 不是 B而是A
keep doing sth坚持做某事
as a result of=because of 因为 由于
at the age of在……岁时
be late for干…迟到
keep(on) +动词ing
enjoy+动词ing
miss+动词ing
finish+动词ing
consider+动词ing
suggest+动词ing
practice+动词ing
agree with同意
in person亲自
talk about 谈论
be proud of 以…自豪
in the background 在幕后
be able to do能够、会做某事
among 在…中间(三者以上)
between在…中间(两者之间)
in front of 在…前面(物体外)
in the front of在…前面(物体内)
think of sb/sth想起觉得
think about sb/sth考虑
take place发生 (非偶然或有计划的)
happen发生 (偶然或突然性)
awake醒着的--asleep睡着的
have to不得不
hurry up赶快
in a hurry匆忙
hurry to +地点 赶往某地
break up 使粉碎 解散
make a mistake犯错
make sure确认 确保 查明
except 除…以外(表示从整体中减去一部分)
except for 除…以外(把某一点除外)
besides 除…以外(表示并非真正排除)
true to life很逼真
face to face面对面
in one's opinion以某人的观点
come on (灯)亮起来 加油
play a joke on sb 开玩笑在某人身上
play a joke with sb 和某人开玩笑
at the moment用于现在时表示"片刻"的意思,
用于过去时表示"那时"的意思
for a moment常与连续性动词连用表示"一会儿,片刻"
for the moment常用于现在时意味"暂时、目前"
as…as you can尽可能…
find out找到…(通过探索观察而发现事实的真相)
discover找到…(发现的对象本来是存在的只是以前不知道)
not at all一点儿也不
bring sth带来某物
get virus中病毒
go wrong出毛病、坏掉.
climb out of爬出
take medicine吃药
make sure确信、有把握
worry about担心(表动作)
be worried=worry about
be worried about担心(表状态)
be worried about sb/sth担心某人或某物
although虽然----but 但是(两者不能连用)
because因为 ----so所以(两者同样不能连用)
pull sth off 成功做了某事(难事等)
pull down拆毁(建筑)
pull through克服困难、共度难关
pull together控制(自己)感情
pull out 取出、(火车)离站
…day(s) of …天假
whole day整天
put away把……收起来
put out把火熄灭,把灯关上
put off推辞
put on穿上
put up with容忍,忍受

5. 八年级下册英语重点语法和短语

英语八年级下册重点语法和短语
Unit 1 Will people have robots?
重点语法(Grammar Focus):1. The Simple Future tense
一般将来时的三种基本结构:
⑴ will +V. ⑵ be going to +V. ⑶ be + Ving
一般将来时态的肯定句、否定句、疑问句形式:肯定句例句:People will have robots in a few years.否定句例句:People (will not/won't) have robots in a few years.一般疑问句例句:Will people have robots in a few years?特殊疑问句例句:What will people have in a few years? 一般将来时的时间状语:in + 时间,in the future,next + 时间,与tomorrow 相关的时间,this + 时间,from now on,right now,some day…
2.形容词、副词的比较级用法
重点短语:
1. won't = will not (would) 2. 爱上(某人/某物) fall in love with(sb./sth.) 3. 能够做某事 be able to do sth.(区别于can) 4. (梦想等)实现,成为现实 come true 5. 在未来 in the future(区别in future) 6. 数以百计的hundreds of; thousands of 数以千计
7. look for(sb./sth.) 寻找(某人/某物) 8.. 免费的 be free
9. study at home on computers 在家用电脑学习 10. live to be 200 years old 活到200岁
11. in 100 years 100年以后(in+时间段,用将来时) after 100 years(用于过去时)
100 years from now 一段时间 + from now (从现在起)…之后
12. 做预测 make predictions 13 有更少的空闲时间 h ave less free time
14. fly…to乘坐飞往…fly a rocket to the moon… 15. 放风筝fly a kite
16. 预测未来predict the future 17. (U.) 更少的空气污染less air pollution
18. (制服/套装) wear a uniform/ suit 19. 一场工作面试a job interview
20.更加拥挤 more crowded 21. 住在一幢公寓楼里live in an apartment
22.在太空站on a space station 23. 问题的答案the answer to the question
24.单独居住live alone(区别于lonely) 25. 养一只宠物鹦鹉keep a pet parrot
26.去溜冰 go skating 27. 作为一名记者 as a reporter
28. 穿得更随意些dress more casually 29. see sb. do sth. 看见sb做了或经常做sth
30. (过去或将来)某一天one day 31. 赢得一个奖项 win awards/an award
32. 为自己工作 work for myself 33. may—might
34. one of the biggest movie companies 35. 被某人使用(被动语态) be used by sb:
36. 在太空in space: 37. 去上大学//在大学go to college in college
38. 今后 from now on = in the future 39. 在一周的工作日内ring the week=on weekdays

6. 八年级全部英语短语及语法总结 记住一定要全部、而且要全、有重赏

不够的话写下邮箱我发给你,记得评最佳答案啊。。。新目标八年级英语下全册短语归纳
Unit 1 Will people have robots?
1. in the future 在将来
2. live to (be) … years old 活到……岁
3. in 100 years 一百年后
4. free time 空闲时间
5. talk about 谈论,谈及,谈到
6. high school 高中
7. computer programmer 电脑程序员
8. space station 太空站
9. fall in love with… 爱上……
10. go skating 去滑冰
11. be able to 能,会
12. on vacation 度假
13. the World Cup 世界杯
14. keep a pet pig 饲养一头宠物猪
15. job interview 工作面试
16. fly to 飞往
17. come true 实现,成为现实
18. see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事
19. one’s own … 某人自己的……
20. science fiction movies 科幻影片
21. help (sb.) with sth. 帮助(某人)做某事
22. hundreds of 数百,成百上千的
23. the same as 和……相同
24. wake up 醒来;唤醒
25. talk to/with 和……交谈
26. try to do sth. 试图做某事,尽力做某事
27. get bored 变得厌倦
28. over and over (again) 一次又一次,再三地

Unit 2 What should I do?
1. keep out 不准进,阻止进入
2. argue with sb. 和……争吵
argue about sth. 为……争吵
3. out of style 过时的,不时髦的
in style 流行的,时髦的
4. call sb up=ring sb.up=call/ring/phone sb. 给…..打电话
5. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb.给某人某物
(bring, lend, pass, sell, send, show, take, write, read等与give一样)
6. a ticket to a ball game 一张球赛的门票
(与ticket类似的名词有:answer, key, visit, trip, journey, entrance, exit等)
7. on the phone 在电话中,用电话
8. pay for 付……的款
9. a part-time job 一份兼职工作
10. borrow …from 从……借( 进)……
11. lend…to 把……借(出去)给……
12. ask sb. for sth. 向……要……
13. bake sale 面包或糕饼售买活动
14. Teen Talk 青少年论坛
15. buy sb. sth. = buy sth for sb买……给……
(类似的动词还有:build, book, cook, get, keep, make, order,find等)
16. the same……as 和……一样的……
17. tell sb (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事
18. want sb. to do sth.= would like sb. to do sth.想某人做某事
19. find out 发现;查明;核实
20. do sth. wrong 做错某事
21. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
22. be angry with 生……的气
23. fail the test 考试不及格
24. get on well/badly with 和……相处得好(差)
25. have a fight with sb.=fight with sb 与某人打架
26. fit… in/into… 抽空去做某事
27. not…until 直到……才……
28. as… as possible 尽可能……
29. complain about 抱怨,埋怨
30. take part in = join in 参加(某种活动/集会)
31. all kinds of 各种各样的
32. compare…with… 拿……和……比较
33. on the one hand 一方面
34. on the other hand另一方面
35. by oneself = on one’s own 某人自己,独自地

Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
1. in front of 在……(范围之外)的前面
in the front of 在……(范围之内)的前面
2. barber shop 理发店
3. get out of 到……外,离开
4. walk down/along 沿……走
5. call the police 报警
6. take off (飞机)起飞;脱(衣帽)
7. an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历
8. the Museum of Flight 航空博物馆
9. take photos 照相
10. a police officer 警官
11. run away跑开,逃跑
12. walk around 四处走走
13. think about 考虑,思考,回想
14. Beijing Iternational Airport 北京国际机场
15. at the doctor’s 在医务室,在诊所
16. in (the) hospital 在医院,在住院
17. in history在历史上
18. the city of ……城,……市
19. hear about/of 听说,得知
20. ask sb. (not) to do sth. 叫某人(不要)做某事
21. in silence沉默不语
22. take place发生
23. the World Trade Center 世贸中心(美国)
24. in space 在太空
25. a national hero 民族英雄
26. all over the world = around the world 全世界

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working
1. soap opera 泡沫剧,电视(连续)剧
2. on Friday night 在星期五晚上
3. be mad at 生……的气
4. have a surprise party 举行一个惊喜晚会
5. not… anmore 不再,再也不
not… any more
no more
not… any longer
no longer
6. Young Lives 《年轻的生命》
7. direct speech 直接引语
reported speech 间接引语
8. first of all 首先
9. do a homework project 设计作业计划
10. pass on 传递
11. work on 从事,设计,演算,操作
12. be supposed to do sth.被期望(要求)做……,应该做……
13. be good at 擅长……
14. do well in 在……方面表现得好
15. report card 成绩单
16. have a (bad) cold 患(重)感冒
17. in good health 身体健康
18. end-of-year exams = final exams 期末考试
19. have a big fight 大吵了一架
20. in/at school 在学校,上学
21. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事
forget doing sth. 忘记做了某事
22. get over克服,恢复,原谅
23. a poor mountain village 一个贫穷的山村
24. sound like 听起来像
25. the Peking University 北京大学
26. the Ministry of Ecation 教育部
27. the Chinese Young Pioneers 中国少年先锋队
28. China’s rural areas 中国的偏远地区
29. sea level 海平面
30. the thin air 稀薄的空气
31. agree with sb./sth. 同意, 与……相符(一致)
agree on/about sth. 同意,赞成
32. both…and………和……都
33. most of… 大多数……,大部分……
34. open up 打开,展开,开发,揭露
35. a good start 一个良好的开端
36. care for照料,照顾,计较,关心
37. in danger 处于危险之中

Unit 5 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!
1. have a great/good/nice/wonderful time 玩得高兴
=have fun = enjoy oneself
2. at the party 在晚会上
3. end of year party 年终晚会
4. take …away拿走,取走
5. all the time=always一直,始终,总是
6. ID card 身份证
7. the old people’s home 老年之家
8. make money 赚钱
9. round the world = all over the world 全世界,世界各地
10. go to college上大学
11. work hard 努力工作(学习)
12. a professional athlete 职业运动员
13. a dream job 理想的职业
14. make a living谋生
15. play sports 进行体育运动
= get/do exercise
16. get injured 受伤
17. in fact事实上,实际上
18. mobile phone 移动电话
19. too much 太多
20. laugh at嘲笑,因……而发笑

Review of Units 1-5
1. watch out = be careful = look out = take care 小心,当心,注意
2. turn down (音量)放小,(光线)调暗
turn up (音量)放大,(光线)调亮
turn on 打开(开关、按钮)
turn off 关(开关、按钮)
3. would like to do sth. 想要做某事
= feel like doing sth. = want to do sth.
4. the dinning room 餐厅
5. make friends (with) (和……)交朋友
6. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人在做某事
see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事
7. make predictions 做预测
8. hope to do sth. 希望做某事
= wish to do sth.
9. in order to 为了

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?
1. how long 多长,多久
2. a skating marathon 滑冰马拉松
3. a pair of 一双,一副,一把,一条
4. raise money (for charity) (为慈善机构)募捐,筹钱
5. the whole five hours 整整五个小时
6. three and a half years 三年半
= three years and a half
7. thanks for 因……而表示感谢
8. run out of 用完,用尽
9. by the way 顺便说一下,顺便问一下
10. in Russian style 以俄罗斯的风格
11. fly kites 放风筝
12. a talent show 才艺表演
13. finish doing sth. 结束做某事
14. be interested in 对…感兴趣
15. Chinese dynasty 中国的王朝
16. famous characters 著名人物
17. think of 考虑,想起
18. in Russian style 俄罗斯的风格
19. tell sb. about sth. 把……的情况告诉某人
20. enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事
21. the Olympic Games 奥运会
= the Olympics
22. far away 在远处

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music ?
1. turn down (音量)放小,(光线)调暗
turn up (音量)放大,(光线)调亮
turn on 打开(开关、按钮)
turn off 关(开关、按钮)
2. not at all 一点也不
3. right away = in a minute 立刻,马上
4. do/wash the dishes 洗碗
5. put on 穿上(动作)
6. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
7. make posters 制作海报
8. have a long telephone conversation 煲电话粥
9. wait in line 排队
10. cut in line 插队
11. follow sb. around 跟在某人周围
12. get mad = get annoy = get angry 生气,感到恼火
13. try (not) to do sth. 尽力(不去)做某事
14. seem like 看上去像……
15. even if/though 尽管、即使
16. take care = be careful 小心
17. in public places 在公众场合
18. in public 公开地,当众地
19. break the rule 不遵守规则
20. put out 熄灭
21. pick up 捡起、拾起

Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?
1. photo album 相册
2. leave school 毕业离校
3. take care of = look after 照顾,照看
4. too… to… 太……而不能……
5. these days 目前,现在
6. a pot-bellied pig 大肚猪
7. not … at all 根本不,一点也不
8. fall asleep 入睡
9. give away 分发,赠送
10. pay for 付……的款
11. rather than 而不是
12. in different ways 以不同的方式
13. as … as 与……一样……
14. native speakers 说本族语的人
15. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
16. make progress 取得进步
17. the Olympic Committee 奥委会
18. have fun with sth. 做某事有乐趣
= have fun doing sth.
19. hear of 听说
20. take an interest in = be interested in 对……感兴趣
21. make friends with 和……交朋友

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?
1. have been to 到过某处
2. an amusement park 游乐园
3. a water park 水上公园
4. a roller coaster 过山车
5. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事
see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事
6. walk around 四处走动
7. take a ride 兜风
8. on board 在船上
9. take different routes 走不同的路线
10. end up 结束
11. argue with sb. 与某人争吵
12. an English-speaking country 说英语的国家
13. an exchange student 交换生
14. a flight attendant 一名机组乘务员
15. a tour guide 导游
16. such as 例如
17. listening skills 听力技能
18. in Southeast Asia 在东南亚
19. take a holiday 度假
20. three quarters 四分之三
21. have problems (in) doing sth. 做某事很费劲
22. ring the daytime = in the day 在白天
23. all year round 全年,一年到头
24. wake up 醒来,唤醒,叫醒

Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?
1. small talk 闲聊
2. look through 浏览,快速查看
3. a thank-you note 一封感谢信
4. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好
5. feel like (doing) sth. 想要(做)……
6. have a hard/difficult time doing sth 费了很大的劲做某事
7. come along 到达,出现,跟着来,赶快
8. get along/ on 相处
at least 至少

7. 八年级下册英语复习资料(语法和重点短语,少点)

Unit 1 Will people have robots?
重点语法:一般将来时态的应用
do/does 的一般将来时态形式:(shall/will) do
do/does 的一般将来时态的被动语态:(shall/will) be done
一般将来时态的肯定句、否定句、疑问句形式:
肯定句例句:People will have robots in a few years.
否定句例句:People (will not/won't) have robots in a few years.
一般疑问句例句:Will people have robots in a few years?
特殊疑问句例句:What will people have in a few years?
重点短语:Reading Strategy(阅读方法)
Look at the title and picture, and predict what you will read about. (看着标题和图片,预知你要阅读那些方面的内容。)This helps you get ready to acquire new information. (这样可以帮助你获得一些新的信息。)
Unit 2 What should I do?
重点语法:过去将来时态(将来时态的委婉说法)
do/does 的过去将来时态形式:(should/would) do
do/does 的过去将来时态的被动语态:(should/would) be done
过去将来时态的肯定句、否定句、疑问句形式:
肯定句例句:You should write a letter to him.
否定句例句:You shouldn't write a letter to him.
一般疑问句例句:Should I write a letter to him?
特殊疑问句例句:What should I do?
重点短语:keep sb. out 不让某人进入
What's wrong? = What's the matter? = What's the problem? 怎么了?

out of style 不时髦的;过时的
call sb. up 给某人打电话
pay for sth. 为某事付款
part-time job 兼职工作
the same as = be same (to/with) 与……同样
in style 时髦的;流行的
get on [well] with sb. = get along [well] with sb. 与某人相处(好)
didn't = did not
couldn't = could not
as ... as possible 尽可能……(eg/ as soon as possible 尽快)
all kinds of 各种;许多
on the one hand 一方面
on the other hand 另一方面
ask sb. for sth. = ask sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事
ask sb. not to do sth. 请求某人不要做某事
spend (money) on sth. = spend (money) [in] doing sth. 花钱做某事
sth. cost sb. (money) 某人花钱为了某事
take sb. sometime to do sth. 花某人时间做某事
find out 查明
find sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事
be angry with sb. 生某人的气
be angry at sth. 生某事的气
the same age as = as old as 与某人年龄一样
have fight with sb. 与某人打架
learn to do sth. 学会做某事
not ... until ... 直到……才……
compare sth.(A) with sth.(B) 把某事(A)与某事(B)作比较
it's time for sth. = it's time to do sth. 到该做某事的时间了
maybe adv. 或许
may be (情态动词 + 动词原形)可能是
shall → should 情态动词 shall 的原形和过去式
pay → paid → paid 动词 pay 的原形、过去式和过去分词

Reading Strategy(阅读方法)
You will learn to use new words better if you use a learner's dictionary. (时刻学着应用新单词来学习比时刻使用字典这种途径方法更好。)A bilingual dictionary sometimes gives the wrong meaning for the situation you want. (在某些你需要的场合下,一本双语字典有时会给你错误的解释。)
Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
重点语法:过去进行时态
do/does 的过去进行时态形式:(was/were) doing
do/does 的过去进行时态的被动语态:(was/were) being done
过去将来时态的肯定句、否定句和疑问句形式:
肯定句例句:I was walking down the street when a UFO landed.
否定句例句:I wasn't walking down the street when a UFO landed.
一般疑问句例句:Were you walking down the street when a UFO landed?
特殊疑问句例句:What were you doing when a UFO landed?

动词 when 和 while 的选择:when 后加瞬间动词,while 后加延续性动词。
例句:The boy was walking down the street when the UFO landed.
=While the boy was walking down the street, the UFO landed.

感叹句
结构:(1) How + adj. + the + 主语 + 谓语动词
=(2) What + (a/an) + [adj.] + n. + 主语 + 谓语动词
例句:What a beautiful flower [it is]!
=How beautiful the flower is!
What beautiful flowers [they are]!
=How beautiful the flowers are!

重点短语:get out 出去;离开
take off 起飞
run away 逃跑;跑掉
come in 进来
hear about = hear of 听说
take place 发生
as ... as 像……一样(eg/ as old as him 像他一样老)
anywhere = everywhere = here and there 任何地方
think about 考虑
think of 认为
get up = get out of the bed 起床
at the doctor's 在诊所
every day 每一天
everyday adj. 日常的
most adj. 大部分
the most 最多的
in space 在太空中
national hero 民族英雄
all over the world = in the world 全世界

Reading Strategy(阅读方法)
The title can be helpful for you to understand a text. (一篇文章的标题可以帮助你理解整篇文章。)It's also a good idea to read the first sentence of each paragraph before you read. (在阅读整篇文章之前,阅读每段的第一句话也是一个很有效的方法。)

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working.
重点语法:宾语从句
结构:主语 + 谓语动词 + 宾语从句(主语 + 谓语动词 + 宾语/表语)
例句:----I'm good at English. He says. (改为加宾语从句的复合句)
----He says I'm good at English.
注意:①主句是一般现在时态,宾语从句的时态不受其影响。
例句:He says I'm good at English now.
He says I was good at mathematics when I was young.
②主句是过去时态,宾语从句也要用过去时态。
例句:He said I was good at mathematics when I was young yesterday.
He said I was good at English now yesterday.
③宾语从句是客观真理时永远用一般现在时态。
例句:Our teacher says 24 hours make a day.
Our teacher said the sun gives us so many energy yesterday.
④动词原形不能作主语,必须用其 -ing 形式。
例句:She said helping others changed her life.
重点短语:direct speech 直接引语
reported speech = indirect speech 间接引语
first of all = at first 首先
pass on 传递
be supposed to do sth. 应该做某事
be good at = do well in 在某方面做得好
in good health 身体健康
get over 克服
open up 打开
care for = take care of = look after 照料;照顾
not any more = not any longer = no longer 不再
have a cold 感冒
end-of-year exam 年终考试
get nervous 变得紧张
forget to do sth. 忘记做某事(该事未做)
forget doing sth. 忘记做某事(该事已做)
it's + adj. + [for sb.] + to do sth. 做某事[对某人来说]……(加形容词)
context 上下文

Reading Strategy(阅读方法)
First read for meaning, not for detail. (首先理解文段的大致意思,不在于文段的细节部分。)You can understand the meaning of a word you don't know from the context. (至于不懂的单词,你可以通过上下文来寻找它的正确释义。)

Unit 5 If you go to the party, you'll have a great time!
重点语法:if 引导的条件状语从句
结构:主句 + if + 条件状语从句
if + 条件状语从句 + [(comma)] + 主句
注意:在 if 引导的条件状语从句中,主句应用将来时态,状语从句用一般现在时态。
例句:You'll have a great time if you go to the party.
=If you go to the party, you'll have a great time.
重点短语:take away 拿走
around the world = all over the world 在世界各地
make a living 谋生
all the time = always 一直
What's the problem? = What's the matter? = What's wrong? 怎么了?
in order to do sth. 为了做某事
make sb. do sth. 使得某人做某事(to 省略,该结构是一个不带 to 的不定式。)
make sb. adj. 使得某人……(加形容词)
make sb. done 使得某人被做
be famous for 为……而出名
be famous as 作为……而出名
in class 在课堂上
spend ...(time/money) on sth. = spend ...(time/money) in doing sth. 花……(时间/钱)用于做某事
see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事(强调整个过程)
see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事(强调偶然性)
say → said → said 动词 say 的原形、过去式和过去分词
tell → told → told 动词 tell 的原形、过去式和过去分词
eat → ate → eaten 动词 eat 的原形、过去式和过去分词
speak → spoke → spoken 动词 speak 的原形、过去式和过去分词

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?
重点语法:现在完成进行时态
do/does 的现在完成进行时态形式:have/has been doing
do/does 的现在完成进行时态的被动语态:have/has been being done
现在完成进行时态所应用的场合:
①某事从过去发生一直持续到现在都在做
②过去发生的动作对现在造成影响
例:我已上了三年初中。
I have been in Junior School for 3 years.
自从那次他与我谈过心后,我天天都在进步。
I have been making progress since he talked with me that time.
现在完成进行时态的肯定句、否定句和疑问句形式:
肯定句例句:I have been skating for five hours.
否定句例句:I haven't been skating for five hours.
一般疑问句例句:Have you been skating for five hours?
特殊疑问句例句:How long have you been skating?
注意:瞬间动词不能和一段时间连用。

例句:你借这本书已经多长时间了?
How long have you been keeping this book?
重点短语:run out of 用完;用尽
by the way 顺便说说
be interested in doing sth. 对某事感兴趣
more than 比……多
far away 在远处
would like to do sth. = want to do sth. = feel like doing sth. 想要做某事
send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物赠送给某人
in fact 实际上
room 房间(用于可数名词);空间(用于不可数名词)
common → more common → the most common 形容词 common 的原级、比较级和最高级

Reading Strategy(阅读方法)
Let your eyes "scan" the text quickly to find details that you're looking for. (在阅读文章之前,用眼睛“横扫”整篇文章,快速寻找你需要的文章要点。)You can find information quickly without reading the whole text. (这样你就不用细读整篇文章,就能寻找到你需要的一些信息。)

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?
重点语法:mind [one's] doing sth. 介意(某人)做某事
重点短语:not at all 一点也不
turn down 调节使音量变小
right away = in a minute = at once 立刻;马上
wait in line 排队等候
cut in line 插队等候
hasn't = has not
keep ... down 压低声音;使缓和
at first = first of all 首先
take care 当心;小心
take care of = care about = look after 关心;照顾
break the rule 违规
obey the rule 遵守规定
put out 熄灭
pick sth. up 捡起某物
wait for sb. 等候某人
depend on 依赖;依靠
get back = return 要回
mean → meant → meant 动词 mean 的原形、过去式和过去分词

Reading Strategy(阅读方法)
As we read, we need to find "topic sentences".(在我们阅读的时候,我们需要寻找“主题语句”,也就是和文章中心最相关的语句。) These sentences usually gives us a "summary", or overall
meaning of each paragraph and help us understand what the paragraph is about.(这些语句通常会给我们一些文章的“概要”,或者每个文段的全部意思,来帮助我们理解段落大意。) After the topic sentence comes more detail and explanation.(当“主题语句”出现后,该段的一些解释和细节也就会随之出现。)

Unit 8 Why don't you get her a scarf?
重点语法:询问别人为什么要做或者不做某事
why don't you do sth. = why not do sth.
例句:Why don't you get her a camera? = Why not get her a camera?
what about = how about
例句:How about some tennis balls? = What about some tennis balls?
重点短语:fall asleep 入睡
give away 赠送;分发
hear of = hear about 听说
take an interest in = be interested in 对……感兴趣
make friends with 与……交友
make progress 取得进步
keep → kept → kept 动词 keep 的原形、过去式和过去分词
feed → fed → fed 动词 feed 的原形、过去式和过去分词
fall → fell → fallen 动词 fall 的原形、过去式和过去分词
hear → heard → heard 动词 hear 的原形、过去式和过去分词

Reading Strategy(阅读方法)
To understand the important ideas from the text, we must "summarize".(为了了解文段最主要的意图,我们必须要进行总结。) Do this by answering "who, what, where, why" questions as you read.(在阅读时,常注意回答时间、地点、人物这些基本要素问题,达到总结的目的。)

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement?
重点语法:现在完成时态
do/does 的现在完成时态形式:(have/has) done
do/does 的现在完成时态的被动语态:(have/has) been done
现在完成时态主要强调过去发生的事情对现在的影响。
例句:我去年去过美国,那是我第一次出国。
I have ever been to America. It's the first time for me to go abroad.
重点短语:have a great time = have a good time = have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得高兴
on board 在船上
end up doing sth. 结束做某事
all year round = all over the year 终年
understand → understood → understood 动词 understand 的原形、过去式和过去分词

Reading Strategy(阅读方法)
After reading, write down three or more things you have learned. (在阅读整篇文章之后,把你学到的三样或更多事物写下来。)We always remember things better if we take time to reflect. (如果我们花时间去思考一些问题的话,那么我们就能更容易地记住一些事情。)

Unit 10 It's a nice day, isn't it?
重点语法:反意疑问句
反意疑问句由肯定陈述句加否定问句构成,或者由否定陈述句加肯定问句构成。
例句:He's a student, isn't he?
She's not his mother, is she?
回答反意疑问句时,要根据事实来回答。若事实是肯定的,则必须用 yes 回答。若事实是否定的,则必须用 no
回答。
例句:你还没有准备好,对吧?
You're not ready, are you?
是的,我没有准备好。
No, I'm not.
不,我准备好了。
Yes, I am.

重点短语:look through 浏览
come along 出现;发生
get along 相处
at least 至少
at most 至多
a thank-you note 感谢信
forget → forgot → forgotten 动词 forget 的原形、过去式和过去分词
little → less → least 形容词 little 的原级、比较级和最高级
many/much → more → most 形容词 many/much 的原级、比较级和最高级

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