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人教版八年级英语七单元语法

发布时间:2021-03-15 23:49:32

Ⅰ 跪求人教版新课标七年级八年级英语各个单元语法知识点,重点短语和句型

呵呵 希望对你有所帮助 祝楼主进步哈
spend,cost,,pay,take:spend on sth;spend in dong;sth cost ab money
注意:cost的三种形式都是cost; take ab+时间+to do;pay ab money for
区分the other,another,other, others,the others the other:两者范围内特指另一个;another:三者或三者以上的人或事物中任意的另一个;other:后接复数名词,意为其他的;others:others=other+复数名词,可用some any all修饰
Have to意为不得不 very意可为真正的 stay意为保持某种状态,可与keep互换
Besides意为除...之外(还有) except意为除...以外(不包括在内)
Instead放在句末 instead of后面为ing形式
In...way以什么方式 some...some....others意为一些...一些...另一些....
Make ab do-使某人做某事 make ab adj-使某人怎样 make ab n-使某人成为
Lead/have/live a......adj+life
可以修饰比较级的词:far,much,even,still,a lot,a little
Used to do-过去常常做某事 be used to doing-习惯做某事
Regard as后面可接名词和形容词
By accident-偶然地,小心地 by mistake 错误地
英语里常用“数字-名词”或“数字-名词 形容词” ps:一个七岁的男孩:7-year-old boy
Miss doing-错过做某事 miss还有“想念”的意思
Be upset(about)对...感到不安
Express-表达 词组:express one's feelings-表达某人感情;express one's thought-表达某人想法;express one's idea-表达某人主意
Go on可以为“事件发生”ps:It seem that the player will go on好像戏剧要开始了;go on doing sth-继续做某事(不停地做某一件事);go on with sth-继续做某事(停下来之后继续做某件事);go on to do sth-继续做某事(做完一件事,继续做另一件事)
Keep on doing-一直做某事;keep sb doing-使某人一直做某事;keep sth+adj使某人保持某种状态
adj enough not to do-足够...不去做 not adj enough to do-不足够...去做
Advice-忠告(不可数名词)词组:a piece of advice-一条意见;ask for one's advice about-征求某人对...的忠告;against one's advice about-违背某人忠告;by doctor's advice-遵照医嘱;some advice about-一些关于...的劝告
Suggestion-意见,建议;词组:adopt a suggestion-采纳建议;by one's suggestion-根据某人建议。Suggestion的动词形式是suggest,用法:suggest doing。Opinion与suggestion相似,但不如suggestion正是,比advice客气,词组:in one's opinion
Plenty of-很多,可修饰可数或不可数名词,多用于肯定句中;a number of-许多,相当于many,修饰可数名词,注意:the number of-...的数量;an amount of-大量的,多用于不可数名词,amount前可用large,small等修饰程度;a lot of/lots of-很多,可用于修饰可数或不可数名词
So that-以便,为了;so...that...-如此...以至于
Focus on-致力于... Aim to do-目的在于做... Apply for-申请 in the case of-...的情形下
Further和farther都是far的比较级,farther表示具体距离的远近,further表示抽象概念
LAST:The last-最后 at last-终于 last day-上一天 last for-持续;final-最终的决胜的;决赛,最终考试;at last=finally
Hurt用于有生命的东西;damage用于无生命的东西对其价值和功能的损坏,破坏程度较小;injure与hurt相近,只是更正式,用于天灾或事故中;destroy很粗鲁的手段使之毁灭,很难修复
Good:人品好,质量好,向别人问好;well:身体好,或作副词;nice:带有感情色彩,外观好,待人感情好;excellent-极好的,语气最强
Be busy doing=be busy with=忙于做某事
Beneath-在..之下(紧贴之下) under-在...下方(垂直向下) over-在...上方(垂直向上) below-在...之下(位置低于),可用于表示数目低于,其反义词为above
Until-直到...为止;not...until-直到...才
Although=though=虽然,尽管;although较为正式,用于句首;though更通俗常用;只要用了although或though就不能用but,and,or等连词
Such as-例如,后面接单词或词组;for example常用逗号分开,后面常根句子
Be(后省略)concerned about-关心;difficult to和...不同;be proud of为...自豪
curious about认真;free for免费;afraid of害怕;serious about严肃;
unaware of没注意;strict with严格;responsible for...的责任;useful for对...有用; equal to对...公平;famous for对...出名;aware of直到;grateful to对...感激;careful of小心;tired of对..感到疲累
with、in都是介词,in用于衣服的颜色;with多指穿“戴眼镜,帽子”,或是衣服上的装饰;put on-穿上、戴上,强调动作;wear强调穿着的状态;dress意为“给某人穿衣服”
Join表示加入党派,社会团体,表示成为其中一员;join in表示参加某项正在进行的活动,词组:join in sth /join sb in doing-参加某人的活动;take part in参加运动会、会议或工作,参加群众性活动起一份作用;attend参加会议,主要以观众或听众的身份写
Family-家庭成员 house-房屋 home-家乡 room-房间
One可以做不定代词,代替前面提过的人或物(单数),如果是复数则是ones
Present-上演、演出,作形容词时意为“在场的、目前的”,作名词时意为“目前,礼物”
Find out-发现、查出,可指找到无形的东西;find-找到,通常指寻找的结果,有偶然发现的意思
In trouble-遇到麻烦;in pain-疼痛;in love-在恋爱中。In意为“在某种状态中”
Listen to-听某人做某事(做完) listen doing-听某人正在做某事。有类似用法的单词有:see,watch,hear,find
In fact=as a matter of fact-事实上 pay(no)attention to-(不)注意
So和such都有“如此,这样”的意思,so修饰副词和形容词,such修饰名词,注意:如果名词前有many,much,few,little时只能用so;修饰单数可数名词时,可以用so或such,但so句式“so+形容词+a/an+单数名词”,such则是“such+a/an+形容词+单数名词”

Ⅱ 人教版初二英语上册第七单元语法

感官动词:看


感觉
摸起来......(look
listen
smell
fell

造句:He
looks
very
ungly
(他看起来很丑)
人的性格版:淘气权
阳光的
文静的
活泼......(naughty
sunny
quiet
lovel......)
造句:she
is
very
naughty/sunny/quiet/lovely......

Ⅲ 七八年级英语语法要点人教版

初中英语语法总结

( 动词的时态)

11.1 一般现在时的用法

1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on
Sunday。例如:

I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点离开家。

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。例如:

The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动。

Shanghai lies in the east of China. 上海位于中国东部。

3) 表示格言或警句。例如:

Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

注意:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。

例:Columbus proved that the earth is round. 哥伦布证实了地球是圆的。

4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。例如:

I don't want so much. 我不要那么多。

Ann writes good English but does not speak well.
安英语写得不错,讲的可不行。

比较:Now I put the sugar in the cup. 把糖放入杯子。

I am doing my homework now. 我正在做功课。

第一句用一般现在时,用于操作演示或指导说明的示范性动作,表示言行的瞬间动作。第二句中的now是进行时

的标志,表示正在进行的动作的客观状况,所以后句用一般现在时。

11.2 一般过去时的用法

1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。例如:时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour
ago, the other day, in 1982等。例如:

Where did you go just now? 刚才你上哪儿去了?

2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。例如:

When I was a child, I often played football in the street.
我是个孩子的时候,常在马路上踢足球。

Whenever the Browns went ring their visit, they were given a
warm welcome.

那时,布朗一家无论什么时候去,都受到热烈欢迎。

3)句型:It is time for sb. to do sth "到……时间了" "该……了"。例如:It is
time for you to go to bed. 你该睡觉了。

It is time that sb. did sth. "时间已迟了" "早该……了" ,例如It is time you
went to bed. 你早该睡觉了。

would (had) rather sb. did sth. 表示'宁愿某人做某事'。例如:I'd rather you
came tomorrow.还是明天来吧。

4) wish, wonder, think, hope
等用过去时,作试探性的询问、请求、建议等,而一般过去时表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在

。例如:I thought
you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。

比较:Christine was an invalid all her life.(含义:她已不在人间。)

Christine has been an invalid all her life.(含义:她现在还活着)

Mrs. Darby lived in Kentucky for seven years.
(含义:达比太太已不再住在肯塔基州。)

Mrs. Darby has lived in Kentucky for seven years.
(含义:现在还住在肯塔基州,有可能指刚离去)

注意: 用过去时表示现在,表示委婉语气。

1)动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。例如:

Did you want anything else? 您还要些什么吗?

I wondered if you could help me. 能不能帮我一下。

2)情态动词 could, would。例如:

Could you lend me your bike? 你的自行车,能借用一些吗?

11.3 used to / be used to

used to + do:"过去常常"表示过去习惯性的动作或状态,但如今已不存在。例如:

Mother used not to be so forgetful. 老妈过去没那么健忘。

Scarf used to take a walk. 斯卡夫过去常常散步。

be used to + doing: 对……已感到习惯,或"习惯于",to是介词,后需加名词或动名词。例如:

He is used to a vegetarian diet.

Scarf is used to taking a walk. 斯卡夫现在已习惯于散步了。

典型例题

---- Your phone number again? I ___ quite catch it.

---- It's 69568442.

A. didn't B. couldn't C. don't D. can't

答案A. 本句虽没有明确的时间状语,但从语意上看出,在听的时候没有听懂这个动作发生在过去,因此应用过

去时。

11.4 一般将来时

1) shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在征求意见时常用于第二人称。例

如:

Which paragraph shall I read first? 我先读哪一段呢?

Will you be at home at seven this evening? 今晚七点回家好吗?

2) be going to +不定式,表示将来。

a. 主语的意图,即将做某事。例如:What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天打算作什么呢?

b. 计划,安排要发生的事。例如:The play is going to be proced next
month。这出戏下月开播。

c. 有迹象要发生的事。例如:Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a
storm. 看那乌云,快要下雨了。

3) be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。例如:

We are to discuss the report next Saturday.我们下星期六讨论这份报告。

4) be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事。例如:

He is about to leave for Beijing. 他马上要去北京。

注意:be about to do 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。

11.5 be going to / will 用于条件句时,be going to表将来,will表意愿。例如:

If you are going to make a journey, you'd better get ready for
it as soon as possible.

Now if you will take off your clothes, we will fit the new
clothes on you in front of the mirror.

11.6 be to和be going to

be to 表示客观安排或受人指示而做某事,be going to 表示主观的打算或计划。例如:

I am to play football tomorrow afternoon. 明天下午我去踢球。(客观安排)

I'm going to play football tomorrow afternoon.
明天下午我想去踢球。(主观安排)

11.7 一般现在时表将来

1)下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin,
return的一般现在时可以表示将来,主要用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情。例如:

The train leaves at six tomorrow morning. 火车明天上午六点开。

When does the bus star? It stars in ten minutes. 汽车什么时候开?十分钟后。

2)以here, there等开始的倒装句,表示动作正在进行。例如:

Here comes the bus. = The bus is coming. 车来了。

There goes the bell. = The bell is ringing. 铃响了。

3)在时间或条件句中。例如:

When Bill comes (不是will come), ask him to wait for me.
比尔来后,让他等我。

I'll write to you as soon as I arrive there. 我到了那里,就写信给你。

4)在动词hope, take care that, make sure that等的宾语从句中。例如:

I hope they have a nice time next week. 我希望他们下星期玩得开心。

Make sure that the windows are closed before you leave the
room. 离开房间前,务必把窗户关了。

11.8 用现在进行时表示将来

下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin,
return等现在进行时可以表示将来。例如:

I'm leaving tomorrow. 明天我要走了。

Are you staying here till next week? 你会在这儿呆到下周吗?

11.9 现在完成时

现在完成时用来表示之前已发生或完成的动作或状态,其结果的影响现在还存在;也可表示持续到现在的动作

或状态。其构成:have
(has) +过去分词。

11.10 比较一般过去时与现在完成时

1)一般过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作;现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过

去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响。

2)一般过去时常与具体的时间状语连用,而现在完成时通常与模糊的时间状语连用,或无时间状语。

一般过去时的时间状语:yesterday, last week,…ago, in1980, in October, just
now等,皆为具体的时间状语。

现在完成时的时间状语:for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet,
till/until, up to now, in past years, always等,皆不确定的时间状语。

共同的时间状语:this morning, tonight, this April, now, already,
recently, lately 等。

3)现在完成时可表示持续到现在的动作或状态,动词一般是延续性的,如live, teach, learn, work,
study, know.。

一般过去时常用的非持续性动词有come, go, leave, start, die, finish, become,
get married等。例如:

I saw this film yesterday. (强调看的动作发生过了)

I have seen this film. (强调对现在的影响,电影的内容已经知道了)

Why did you get up so early? (强调起床的动作已发生过了)

Who hasn't handed in his paper? (强调有卷子未交,疑为不公平竞争)

He has been in the League for three years. (在团内的状态可延续)

He has been a League member for three years. (是团员的状态可持续)

句子中如有过去时的时间副词(如yesterday, last, week, in
1960)时,不能使用现在完成时,要用过去时。

(错)Tom has written a letter to his parents last night.

(对)Tom wrote a letter to his parents last night.

11.11 用于现在完成时的句型

1)It is the first / second time.... that…结构中的从句部分,用现在完成时。例如:

It is the first time that I have visited the city.
这是我第一次访问这城市。

This is the first time (that) I've heard him sing. 这是我第一次听他唱歌。

注意:It was the third time that the boy had been late.

2)This is +形容词最高级+that…结构,that 从句要用现在完成时。例如:

This is the best film that I've (ever) seen. 这是我看过的最好的电影。

典型例题

(1) ---Do you know our town at all?

---No, this is the first time I ___ here.

A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming

答案B. This is the first time 后面所加从句应为现在完成时,故选B。

(2) ---Have you ____ been to our town before?

---No, it's the first time I ___ here.

A. even, come B. even, have come C. ever, come D. ever, have
come

答案D. ever意为曾经或无论何时,反意词为never,此两词常用于完成时。

注意:非延续性动词的否定形式可以与表示延续时间的状语连用。即动作不发生的状态是可以持续的。

(错)I have received his letter for a month.

(对)I haven't received his letter for almost a month.

11.12 比较since和for

Since 用来说明动作起始时间,for用来说明动作延续时间长度。例如:
I have lived here for more than twenty years.我住在这儿二十多年了。
I have lived here since I was born. 我从出生起就住在这儿了。
注意:并非有for 作为时间状语的句子都用现在完成时。
I worked here for more than twenty years. (我现在已不在这里工作。)
I have worked here for many years.(现在我仍在这里工作。)
注意:用句型转换的方法,很容易排除非延续动词在有for/since结构的完成时中的误用。
1)(对) Tom has studied Russian for three years. = Tom began to
study Russian three years ago, and is still studying it now.
2)(错) Harry has got married for six years. = Harry began to
get married six years ago, and is still getting married now.
显然,第二句不对,它应改为 Harry got married six years ago. 或 Harry has
been married for six years.

11.13 since的四种用法

1) since +过去一个时间点(如具体的年、月、日期、钟点、1980, last month, half past
six)。例如:

I have been here since 1989. 1989起,我一直在这儿。

2) since +一段时间+ ago。例如:

I have been here since five months ago. 我在这儿,已经有五个月了。

3) since +从句。例如:

Great changes have taken place since you left. 你走后,变化可大了。

Great changes have taken place since we were here. 我们走后,变化可大了。

4) It is +一段时间+ since从句。例如:

It is two years since I became a postgraate student.
我考上研究生有两年了。

11.14 延续动词与瞬间动词

1) 用于完成时的区别

延续动词表示经验、经历; 瞬间动词表示行为的结果,不能与表示段的时间状语连用。例如:

He has completed the work. 他已完成了那项工作。 (表结果)

I've known him since then. 我从那时起就认识他了。(表经历)

2) 用于till / until从句的差异

延续动词用于肯定句,表示"做……直到……" 瞬间动词用于否定句,表示"到……,才……"。例如:

He didn't come back until ten o'clock. 他到10 点才回来。

He slept until ten o'clock. 他一直睡到10点。

典型例题

1. You don't need to describe her. I ___ her several times.

A. had met B. have met C. met D. meet

答案B. 首先本题后句强调对现在的影响,我知道她的模样,你不用描述。再次,several
times告知为反复发生的动作,因此用现在完成时。

2. ---I'm sorry to keep you waiting.

---Oh, not at all. I ___ here only a few minutes.

A. have been B. had been C. was D. will be

答案A. 等待的动作由过去开始,持续到现在,应用现在完成时。

11.15 过去完成时

1) 概念:表示过去的过去

----|----------|--------|----> 其构成是had +过去分词构成。

那时以前 那时 现在

2) 用法

a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。例如:

She said (that)she had never been to Paris. 她告诉我她曾去过巴黎。

b. 状语从句

在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。例如:

When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.
警察到达时,小偷们早就跑了。

c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean,
suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"。例如:

We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.
那时我们希望你能来,但是你没有来。

3) 过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon
as。例如:

He said that he had learned some English before. 他说过他以前学过一些英语。

By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living
by himself. 到了十二岁那年,爱迪生开始自己谋生。

Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he
arrived at the party.

汤姆失望了,因为他到达晚会时,大部分客人已经走了。

典型例题

The students ___ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she
___ in the office.

A. had written, left B,were writing, has left C. had written,
had left D. were writing, had left

答案D.
"把书忘在办公室"发生在"去取书"这一过去的动作之前,因此"忘了书"这一动作发生在过去的过去,用过去完

成时。句中when表示的是时间的一点,表示在"同学们正忙于……"这一背景下,when所引导的动作发生。因此

前一句应用过去进行时。

注意: had hardly… when 还没等…… 就……。例如:

I had hardly opened the door when I he hit me. 我刚打开门,他就打了我。

had no sooner…than 刚…… 就……。例如:

He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it.
他刚买了这辆车,转眼又卖了。

11.16 用一般过去时代替过去完成时

1) 两个动作如按顺序发生,又不强调先后,或用then,and,but 等连词时,多用一般过去时。例如:

When she saw the mouse,she screamed. 她看到老鼠,就叫了起来。

My aunt gave me a hat and I lost it. 姑妈给了我一顶帽子,我把它丢了。

2 ) 两个动作相继发生,可用一般过去时;如第一个动作需要若干时间完成,用过去完成时。例如:

When I heard the news, I was very excited.

3) 叙述历史事实,可不用过去完成时,而只用一般过去时。例如:

Our teacher told us that Columbus discovered America in 1492.

11.17 将来完成时

1) 构成will have done

2) 概念

a. 状态完成:表示某事继续到将来某一时为止一直有的状态。例如:

They will have been married for 20 years by then.
到那时他们结婚将有二十年了。

b. 动作完成:表示将来某一时或另一个将来的动作之前,已经完成的动作或获得的经验。例如:

You will have reached Shanghai by this time tomorrow.
明天此时,你已经到达上海了。

11.18 现在进行时

现在进行时的基本用法:

a. 表示现在(指说话人说话时)正在发生的事情。例如:

We are waiting for you. 我们正在等你。

b. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。例如:

Mr. Green is writing another novel.
他在写另一部小说。(说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。)

c. 表示渐变,这样的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。例如:

The leaves are turning red. 叶子在变红。

It's getting warmer and warmer. 天越来越热了。

d. 与always, constantly, forever
等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。例如:

You are always changing your mind. 你老是改变主意。

典型例题

My dictionary ___, I have looked for it everywhere but
still___ it.

A. has lost, don't find B. is missing, don't find C. has lost,
haven't found D. is missing, haven't found.

答案D. 前句是一个仍在持续的状态,应用进行时,由于没有找到,其影响仍然存在,应用完成时,瞬间动词用

于否定式时可用于完成时。

11.19 不用进行时的动词

1)表示事实状态的动词,如have, belong, possess, cost, owe, exist, include,
contain, matter, weigh, measure, continue等。例如:I have two
brothers. 我有两兄弟。

This house belongs to my sister. 这房子是我姐的。

2)表示心理状态的动词,如know, realize, think see, believe, suppose,
imagine, agree, recognize, remember, want, need, forget,
prefer, mean, understand, love, hate等。例如:I need your help.
我需要你的帮助。

He loves her very much. 他爱她很深。

3)瞬间动词,如accept, receive, complete, finish, give, allow,
decide, refuse等。例如:

I accept your advice. 我接受你的劝告。

4)系动词,如seem, remain, lie, see, hear, smell, feel, taste, get,
become, turn等。例如:

You seem a little tired. 你看上去有点累。

11.20 过去进行时

1)概念:表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。

2)过去进行时的主要用法是描述一件事发生的背景;一个长动作延续的时候,另一个短动作发生。

3) 常用的时间状语有this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday,
from nine to ten last evening, when, while等。例如:

My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt
himself. 我兄弟骑车时摔了下来,受了伤。

It was raining when they left the station. 他们离开车站时,正下着雨。

When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.
我到达山顶时,阳光灿烂

Ⅳ 人教版新课标八年级上英语7单元Grammar focus

Grammar(语法):如何客气委婉地提出自己的请求。
A. 句型:
1. Would you mind + 动词-ing +……? “请你……你介意吗?
2. Would you mind + me / my + 动词-ing + ……? “我……你介意吗?”
3. Would you mind + if + 从句 ? “如果……你介意吗?
4. Would you mind not + 动词-ing + ……? “请你不要……好吗?”
注意:句型2 和句型3可以互相转化。如:
Would you mind my turning off the lights? = Would you mind if I turn off the lights?
B. 此种句型的回答:
1. 表示“不介意,同意”的回答: No, not at all. / Of course not. /
表示“介意,不同意”的回答: Sorry / I’m sorry, 再陈述自己的理由。
2. 句型4的回答常用:Sorry, I’ll / we’ll……或者是:Sorry, 再陈述自己的理由。
C. 更多表示请求的句型:
1. Could you please ( not ) + 动词原形 + ……..? “你能(不)。。。。。。。吗?”
2. Would you please ( not ) + 动词原形 + ……..? “请你(不要)。。。。。。。好吗?”
这两种句型的回答较为简单,肯定回答常用: Certainly / Sure / OK / No problem / Glad to…. 否定回答常用: sorry, 再陈述理由。

不知道是不是你所要的7单元Grammar focus。

Ⅳ 人教新课标八年级上英语unit7语法知识

八年级上英语语法

12) 英语中的“单数”

1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:

he, she, it

my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle
2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:

man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)

3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:

go---goes---going---went---gone

work---works---working---worked---worked

watch---watches---watching---watched---watched

当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:

The boy wants to be a sales assistant.

Our English teacher is from the US.

Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
12) 英语中的“单数”

1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:

he, she, it

my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle

2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:

man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)

3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:

go---goes---going---went---gone

work---works---working---worked---worked

watch---watches---watching---watched---watched

当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:

The boy wants to be a sales assistant.

Our English teacher is from the US.

Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.

13) 名词的复数构成的几种形式

名词复数的构成可分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。

I 名词复数的规则变化

1.一般在名词词尾加-s。如:

pear---pears hamburger---hamburgers

desk---desks tree---trees

2.以字母-s, -sh, -ch, -x结尾的名词,词尾加-es。如:

class---classes dish---dishes

watch---watches box---boxes

3.以字母-o结尾的某些名词,词尾加-es。如:

potato---potatoes tomato---tomatoes

Negro---Negroes hero---heroes

4.以辅音字母加-y结尾的名词,将-y变为-i,再加-es。如:

family---families dictionary---dictionaries
city---cities country---countries

5.以字母-f或-fe结尾的名词,将-f或-fe变为-v,再加-es。如:

half---halves leaf---leaves

thief---thieves knife---knives

self---selves wife---wives

life---lives wolf---wolves

shelf---shelves loaf---loaves

但是:

scarf---scarves(fes) roof---roofs

serf---serfs gulf---gulfs

chief---chiefs proof---proofs

belief---beliefs

II 名词复数的不规则变化

1.将-oo改为--ee。如:

foot---feet tooth---teeth

2.将-man改为-men。如:

man---men woman---women

policeman---policemen postman---postmen

3.添加词尾。如:

child---children

4.单复数同形。如:

sheep---sheep deer---deer

fish---fish people---people

5.表示“某国人”的单、复数变化。即“中日瑞不变英法变,其它国把-s加后面”。如:
Chinese---Chinese Japanese---Japanese

Swiss---Swiss

Englishman---Englishmen Frenchman---Frenchmen

American---Americans Australian---Australians

Canadian---Canadians Korean---Koreans

Russian---Russians Indian---Indians

6.其它。如:

mouse---mice

apple tree---apple trees

man teacher---men teachers

14) 双写最后一个字母的-ing分词

初中阶段常见的有以下这些:

1.let→letting 让

hit→hitting 打、撞

cut→cutting 切、割

get→getting 取、得到

sit→sitting 坐

forget→forgetting 忘记

put→putting 放

set→setting 设置

babysit→babysitting 临时受雇照顾婴儿

2.shop→shopping 购物

trip→tripping 绊

stop→stopping 停止

drop→dropping 放弃

3.travel→travel(l)ing 旅游

swim→swimming 游泳

run→running 跑步

dig→digging 挖、掘

begin→beginning 开始

prefer→preferring 宁愿

plan→planning 计划

15) 肯定句变否定句及疑问句要变化的一些词

1.some变为any。如:

There are some birds in the tree.
→There aren't any birds in the tree.

但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some可以不变。如:

Would you like some orange juice?

与此相关的一些不定代词如something, somebody等也要进行相应变化。

2.and变为or。如:

I have a knife and a ruler.

→I don't have a knife or a ruler.

3.a lot of (=lots of)变为many或much。如:

They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)

→They don't have many friends.

There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词)

→There isn't much orange in the bottle.

4.already变为yet。如:

I have been there already.

→I haven't been there yet.

16) in与after

in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。

1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如:

He will leave for Beijing in a week.

一周后他会动身去北京。

2.after 经常用于过去时的句子中,以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间。如:

He left for Beijing after a week.

一周后他动身去了北京。

不过,如果after后跟的是具体的时刻,它也可用于将来时。如:

We will finish the work after ten o'clock.

十点后我们会完成工作的。

3.注意区分以下的in的用法。

I'll visit him in a week.

一周后我会去拜访他。
I'll visit him twice in a week.

一周内我会去拜访他两次。

17) 不定冠词a与an的使用

1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is a "b" in the word "book".

单词book中有个字母b。

类似的字母还有:c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。

She has a small knife.

她有一把小刀。

2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is an "i" in the word "onion".

单词onion中有个字母i。

类似的字母还有:a, e, f, h, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。

Do you have an umbrella?

你有一把雨伞吗?

3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a。如:

a useful book

a universe

a one-letter word

an hour

an uncle

an umbrella

an honest person

18) 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?

英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:

1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:

He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。

You'd better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。

2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:

The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。
The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。

3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是“衣服”。如:

Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。

dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:

The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。

4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:

John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。

The man in black is a football coach.

19) a little, a few 与 a bit (of)

a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别在哪里呢?

1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:

There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。

还可以接形容词。如:

He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。

2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:

There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。

3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:

It's a bit cold. 有点冷。

a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:

He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。

4. a little 表肯定意义,little 表否定意义;a few 表肯定意义,few 表否定意义。如:

There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。

There is little soda in the glass. 杯子里几乎没有汽水了。

I have a few Chinese friends. 我有一些中国朋友。

Few people like him. 几乎没有人喜欢他。

5. a little = a bit of, 后接不可数名词;

a little = a bit = a little bit = kind of, 后接形容词,意为“有点儿”。

20) 关于like的用法

like 可以作动词,也可以作介词。

1、like 作动词,表示一般性的“爱好、喜欢”,有泛指的含义。如:

Do you like the color?你喜爱这种颜色吗?

like 后可接不定式(like to do sth),也可接动词的-ing分词(like doing sth),有时意思不尽相同。如:

She likes eating apples.她喜爱吃苹果。(习惯)

She likes to eat an apple.她喜爱吃一粒苹果。(平常不喜欢吃)

like 与 would 连用,后接不定式,表示愿望或客气的请求。如:

Would you like a cup of tea?您愿意喝杯茶吗?

“喜欢某人做某事”可以用结构“like sb to do sth/doing sth”。如:

They all like me to sing/singing English songs.他们都喜欢我唱英文歌。

2、like 作介词,可译成“像......”。如:

She is friendly to us like a mother.她对我们友好,就像母亲一样。

It looks like an orange.它看起来像个桔子。

3、区分以下句子:

A. What does he look like?

B. What is he like?

A句译为“他长相如何?”指一个人的外貌特征;而B句译为“他人怎么样?”指人的性格特点。

C. The boy like Peter is over there.

D. A boy like Peter can't do it.

A句指外貌相似,而D句指性格相似。

21) stop to do sth 与 stop doing sth

1. stop to do sth 意为“停下来去做某事”。如:

The students stop to listen to their teacher.

学生们停下来去听他们老师讲话。

2. stop doing sth 意为“停止做某事”。如:

The students stopped talking. 学生们停止了谈话。

与它们相反的句式是:go on to do sth “继续做某事(与刚才一事不同)”和 go on doing sth “继续做某事(与刚才同一件事)”。如:

He finishes his homework and goes on to study English.
他完成了作业,接着继续去念英语。

They went on playing games. 他们继续玩游戏。

22) tell, speak, say 与 talk

1. tell 意为“告诉、讲述”,指某人把某一件事、一条信息传送给别人或讲述一件事。如:

He tells me that he wants to be a teacher.

他告诉我说他想成为一位教师。

Father always tells interesting stories to us.

爸爸总是给我们讲有趣的故事。

tell sb sth 意为“告知某人某事”。如:

He told me something about his past.

他告诉我一些他的往事。

tell sb to do sth 意为“告诉某人去做某事”。如:

David told his son to do the homework.

大卫要他的儿子去做作业。

2. speak 意为“说话、讲话”,后面主要接语言。如:

He can speak English and a little Chinese.

他能讲英语和一点汉语。

speak to 意为“和.....讲话、谈话”。如:

Can I speak to Mr Zhang?

我能和张先生讲话吗?

speak of 意为“提到、说起”。如:

The book speaks of my hometown.

那本书提到我的家乡。

3. talk 意为“谈话、讲话”,如果只有一方对另一方说话时,一般用 talk to;如果双方或多方交谈,多用 with。如:

Please talk to him right now. 请立即同他谈话。

He is talking with his friend. 他在和朋友交谈。

talk about 意为“谈论......”。如:

They are talking about the movie. 他们在谈论那部电影。

have a talk with 意为“与......交谈”。如:
Can I have a talk with you? 我可以和你交谈吗?

4. say 意为“说”。如:

Can you say it in English once more? 你能用英语再说一遍吗?

say to 意为“对......说”。如:

He said to his students that they would have a test.

他对他的学生说他们将有一个测试。

It is said that... 意为“据说”。如:

It is said that he could stay under the water for a long time.

据说他能呆在水里很长时间。

23) Excuse me! 与 I'm sorry!

1. Excuse me! 意为“打搅了!对不起!”,一般是为了与陌生人搭话,或者要打断对方所说(做)的事。如:

Excuse me, is there a hotel in the neighborhood?

请问,附近有旅馆吗?

Excuse me, could I say something?

打搅一下,我能说一些吗?

2. I'm sorry! 意为“对不起!”,表示道歉。如:

I'm sorry, Mr Zhang. I won't do it again.

对不起,张先生。我不会这么做了。

24) 表示时间的 in、on 与 at

in, on 与 at 都可以和表示时间的词(组)连用。

1. in 表示时间的一段或较长的时间。如:

in the morning 在上午

in May, 2004 在2004年五月

in a week 在一周之内(后)

It's Sunday, I can finish it in two days.

现在是星期天,我能在两天后完成。(星期二)

Rome was not built in a day.

罗马不是在一天内建起来的。

2. on 主要指在具体的一天。如:
on Sunday 在星期天

on May Day 在“五一”节

on a hot afternoon 在一个炎热的下午

He arrived in Beijing on April 26,2004.

他于2004年4月26日到达北京。

3. at 表示时间的一点或比较短的时间。如:

at 8:00 在八点

at noon 在中午

I always get up at 6:00 every morning.

我总是每天早晨六点起床。

It's always warm at this time of year.

每年的这个时候总是暖和的。

25) Other及其用法

Other 及其相近的词(组),如 others, the other, the others, another, any other 等,一直是中学生朋友们比较困扰的问题,平常的考试、作业中经常出错。下面是它们的一些用法:

1、other 指其余的人或物,所有格是 other's,复数形式是 others,the other 指“两个人或物中的另一个”,其复数形式是 the others,others 相当于“other + 名词”,所以不能充当定语,修饰名词。others指整体中去掉一部分后剩余的部分,但不是全部的,即 some...others (一些...其余的人...)。the others 强调整体中除去一部分后剩余的全部,即some...the others.

2、another 泛指三个以上的不定数目中的“另外一个”。由 an 和 other 合并构成,所以不能和冠词连用。another 修饰单数名词,比如:another pencil.

3、any other 指除去本身以外的“任何其他的人或物”,后面要用名词的单数形式。

26) look 短语

常见的look短语有以下这些:

1.look at 朝......看

Please look at the map of China.

请看中国地图。(look at=have a look at)

2.look for 寻找

The old man is looking for his dog.

老人在寻找他的狗。

3.look like 看起来像

Nancy looks like her mother.

南希看起来像她母亲。

4.look the same 看上去一样
Li Ping and Li Jing look the same.

李萍和李晶看上去一样。

5.look up 查找

Please look up the word in the dictionary.

请在词典中查找这个单词。

6.look over 仔细检查

The doctor looked over Mary carefully.

医生仔细检查了玛丽。

7.look after 照顾,照看

You must look after your old father.

你必须照顾你的老父亲。

8.look around 到处寻找、查看

We looked around, but we found nothing strange.

我们四处查看,但是我们没有发现奇怪的东西。

27) too,also与either

1.too用于肯定句和疑问句,一般放在句尾,其前常加逗号。如:

We are in the same school, too.

我们也在相同的学校。

Do you play soccer every day, too?

你也每天踢足球吗?

2.also用于肯定句和疑问句,一般位于实义动词前、be动词后。如:

Sandra is also a Korean student.

Sandra 也是一个韩国学生。

3.either用于否定句,一般放在句末。如:

They don't know the answer, either.

她们也不知道答案。

4.as well as也有“也”的意思。如:

We have great mushroom pizza as well as soda.

He is a happy boy as well.

28) hard与hardly
1.hard既可作形容词,也可作副词。如:

It's a hard(adj.) question. (=difficult)

这是一个难的问题。

The boy studies very hard(adv.).

那男孩学习非常努力。

句子结构:It's hard for sb to do sth 做某事对某人来说是难的。如:

It's hard for him to finish the work. 完成那项工作对他来说很难。

注意区分:hard work 困难的工作

work hard 努力工作

2.hardly是频度副词,表示否定的意思。(=almost not)通常用在形容词、副词和动词之前。如:
I can hardly see it.

我几乎看不到它。

29) sometime,sometimes,some time与some times

1.sometime是时间副词,指不确定的将来或过去某一点时间(某时候或任何时候),不指一段时间。如:

We'll go to Beijing sometime next month.

我们下个月某一时候会去北京。

2.sometimes是频度副词,指“有时”、“不时”的意思(=at times)。如:

Sometimes I get up very late on Sunday morning.

有时候我在星期天早晨起得很晚。

3.some time是名词词组,指一段时间(一些时间或若干时间)。如:

It took him some time to finish the book.

她花了一些时间去完成作业。

4.some times指“几次”。如:

He met the woman some times last month.

上个月他见过那妇女几次。
30) exercise的一些用法

1.作不及物动词,译为“运动,锻炼”。如:

David exercises every morning.

大卫每天早晨进行锻炼。

2.作及物动词,译为“训练”。如:

Swimming exercises the whole body.

游泳能使身体得到全面的锻炼。

3.作名词,译为“体育锻炼、运动、体操、练习题”等。如:

It's good to do eye exercises every day.

每天做眼保键操对眼睛有好处。

Please do more exercise from now on.

从今以后请多做运动吧。

I have lots of homework to do tonight.

今晚我有很多的作业要做。

4.注意:exercise指具体运动或体操时是可数名词,复数形式为exercises;泛指运动时是不可数名词。

Ⅵ 人教版八上英语7单元grammer fous

语法是祈使句

Hello, boys and girls!"英语祈使句"的职责是用来表示请求、命令、建议、禁止等。它的特点是通常没有主语,多以动词原形开始。下面,看看"六兄弟"的表演吧!
1. 大哥V
[档案] V(代表行为动词原形)+宾语+其它成分
[表演] ①Close the window. 关上窗户。
②Help yourself to some fish. 随便吃点鱼吧。
2. 二哥B
[档案] Be+表语(名词/形容词等)+其它成分
[表演]①Be a good student!做个好学生!
②Be quiet!安静!
3. 三哥L
[档案] Let+宾语(通常为第一或第三人称宾格)+动词原形+其它成分
[表演] ①Let’s go home!咱们回家吧!
② Let her in. 让她进来。
4. 四哥D
[档案] Don’t+动词原形+其它成分
[表演] ① Don’t be late. 不要迟到。
② Don’t read in the sun.别在阳光下看书。
5. 五哥P
[档案] Please+动词短语(please也可放在句尾,其前加逗号)
[表演]Please sit down.=Sit down, please.请坐。
6. 六弟N
[档案] No+名词或动名词(是日常生活中常见的警示语)
[表演] ① No photos!禁止拍照!
② No smoking!禁止吸烟!
"六兄弟"为了和小朋友们交个朋友,把英语祈使句王国的"秘笈"也一并奉献给大家:
祈使句,无主语,只用谓语就可以。
表示请求或命令,加上please表客气。
Stand up, please! 请起立!
Come here. 来这里。
如果变成否定句,Don’t开头是规律。
No fishing!是警示语,祈使句用法要牢记。

Ⅶ 这是人教版八年级上册第七单元的英语句型,请分析句子结构,不要翻译

你好!

这个句子是这样的:

Fewer people will do such jobs in the future. Because they are boring, but robots will never get bored.

这个句子是由两个句子组成的,我们先分析第一个句子:Fewer people will do such jobs in the future.

先找主谓宾,主语:people,谓语:will do,宾语:jobs

其次再找次要成分,定语:fewer与such,状语:in the future

再分析第二个句子:Because they are boring, but robots will never get bored.

这是一个复合句,由一个原因状语从句与主句组成

原因状语从句是Because they are boring

主句是but robots will never get bored

先看原因状语从句,主语:they,系动词:are,表语:boring。because作为连词,引导出原因状语从句

再看主句,主语:robots,谓语(系动词):will get,表语:bored。but作为连词,表示转折意义,而never作为副词在句中做状语。

关于句子成分分析的知识,可以查阅相关的语法。

不管多复杂的句子,记得第一步就是找出主谓宾或者主系表,再慢慢分析其他的成分(定语,状语等)

Ⅷ 人教版八年级上册英语各单元语法

1--4单元
初二英语语法总结
1) leave的用法
1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:
When did you leave Shanghai?
你什么时候离开上海的?
2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:
Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.
下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。
3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:
Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?
你为什么要离开上海去北京?
2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用
should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如:
How should I know? 我怎么知道?
Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?
should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如:
We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。
我们在使用时要注意以下几点:
1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。例如:
You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。
2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如:
You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。
3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:
We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。
She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。
3) What...? 与 Which...?
1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问职业。如:
What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的?
该句相当于:
What does your father do?
What is your father's job?
Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如:
---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?
---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。
2. What...?是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...?是特指,所指的事物有范围的限制。如:
What color do you like best? (所有颜色)
你最喜爱什么颜色?
Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? (有特定的范围)
你最喜爱哪一种颜色?
3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:
Which pictures are from China?
哪些图片来自中国?
4) 频度副词的位置
1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:
always(总是,一直) usually(通常) often(常常,经常) sometimes(有时候) never(从不)
2.频度副词的位置:
a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如:
David is often arrives late for school. 大卫上学经常迟到。
b.放在行为动词前。如:
We usually go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天经常在7:10去上学。
c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如:
Sometimes I walk home, sometime I rides a bike. 有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。
3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如:
Never have I been there.
5) every day 与 everyday
1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:
We go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天7:10去上学。
I decide to read English every day. 我决定每天读英语。
2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。
She watches everyday English on TV after dinner. 她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。
What's your everyday activity? 你的日常活动是什么?
6) 什么是助动词
1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。
助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如:
He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。
(doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)
2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:
a. 表示时态,例如:
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
b. 表示语态,例如:
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
c. 构成疑问句,例如:
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?
Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗?
d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:
I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。
e. 加强语气,例如:
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would
7) forget doing/to do与remember doing/to do
1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)
forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)
The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.
办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)
He forgot turning the light off.
他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)
Don't forget to come tomorrow.
别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)
典型例题
---- The light in the office is still on.
---- Oh,I forgot___.
A. turning it off B. turn it off
C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。
2.remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)
remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)
Remember to go to the post office after school. 记着放学后去趟邮局。
Don't you remember seeing the man before? 你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.
1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible等:
It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。
It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
3.for 与of 的辨别方法:
用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:
You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。
He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)
9) 对两个句子的提问
新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:
句子:The boy in blue has three pens.
提问:1.Who has three pens?
2.Which boy has three pens?
3.What does the boy in blue have?
4.How many pens does the boy in blue have?
很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:
句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.
提问:1.Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
2.Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
3.What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
4.With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?
5.What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday?
6.When does he usually go to the park with his friends?
10) so、such与不定冠词的使用
1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a/an+名词”。如:
He is so funny a boy.
Jim has so big a house.
2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a/an+形容词+名词”。如:
It is such a nice day.
That was such an interesting story.
11) 使用-ing分词的几种情况
1.在进行时态中。如:
He is watching TV in the room.
They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
2.在there be结构中。如:
There is a boy swimming in the river.
3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:
We have fun learning English this term.
They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
4.在介词后面。如:
Thanks for helping me.
Are you good at playing basketball.

Unit 5
come to 来到
have /take a piano lesson 上一节钢琴课
would love to…愿意…一
too much太多
play soccer踢足球
go to the doctor去看医生,去看病
study for a test 准备考试
have to不得不;必须
the day after tomorrow 后天
the science report科学报告
1.Can you come to my party on Wednesday?
你星期三能来参加我的晚会吗?
2.Sorry。I can't.I have a piano lesson.
对不起,我不能。我要上钢琴课。
3.Sure.I'd love to.当然,我愿意。
4.I'm playing soccer.我在踢足球。
5.I have too much homework(to do) this weekend .这个周末我有太多家庭作业(要做)。
6.I have to go to the doctor.我得去看医生。
7.On Thursday,I'm studying for a test.周四,我要备考。
8.I can't join you because I have to help my mom? 我不能参加,因为我要帮我妈妈干活。
9.I'm having a piano lesson the day after tomorrow?后天我要上钢琴课。
10.Can you come over to my house to discuss the science report':你能来我家讨论这份科学报告吗?
Unit 6
be outgoing爱抛头露面
short hair短发
more athletic更健美
as…as同……一样…
the same as 同……一样
lots of许多
look the same看起来一样
be good at /do well in 擅长 …
make sb.1augh使……发笑
3 centimeters taller高了三厘米
1.I'm more outgoing than my sister.我比我妹妹更爱出风头。
2.He has shorter hair than Sam.他的头发比山姆的短。
3.Tom is more athletic than Sam.汤姆比山姆更健美。
4.Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister.刘莹不如她姐姐擅长体育。
5.Both girls go to lots of parties.两个女孩都参加了许多晚会。
6.In some ways we look the same,and in some ways we look different?在某些方面,我们看起来一样,在某些方面,我们看起来不同。
7.My good friend is good at schoolwork.我的好朋友爱好干学校事务。
8.I think a good friend makes me laugh.我认为好朋友会使我发笑。
9.I'm about 3 centimeters taller now.我现在(比以前)高了3厘米。

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