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英语八年级上册人教版语法点点

发布时间:2021-03-15 23:34:21

『壹』 人教版八年级上英语全部知识点、语法

1.形容词和副词的比较级
(1) 一般在形容词或副词后+er
older taller longer stronger, etc
(2) 多音节词前+more
more interesting, etc.
(3) 双写最后一个字母,再+er
bigger fatter, etc.
(4) 把y变i,再+er
heavier, earlier
(5) 不规则变化:
well-better, much/many-more, etc.

2.祈使句:
Sit down please
Don’t sit down, please.

3. there be 结构
肯定句: There is a …
There are …
一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.
Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.
否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….

4.一般现在时:通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。
形式:
肯定句:
I go to school on foot every day.
She goes to school on foot every day.

5.现在进行时:形式: be + verb +ing
eg: I am(not) doing my homework.
You/We/They are(not) reading.
He/She/It is(not) eating.

动词 —ing 的形式
Most verbs +ing walk—walking
Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming
Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming

6.

重点的句型:

1.How many + 复数名词 + are there ...?

此句型是一个特殊疑问句,意思是\"在......有多少......?\"多用来对可数名词的数量提问。How many 后面要接可数名词的复数形式。如:
How many apples are there on the table? 桌子上有多少个苹果?

2.. What about ...?
此句型意思是\"......怎么样?\"、\"......呢?\",通常用来询问情况或征求意见、看法等。其中的about是介词,后面可接名词、代词或动词等。如:
What about that computer? 那台电脑怎么样?
My gloves are red. What about theirs? 我的手套是红色的,他们的呢?
What about playing games after school? 放学后做游戏怎么样?

3. What time is it?/What\'s the time?
英语中,常用这两个句型来询问现在的时间,意思是\"什么时间了?\"或\"几点了?\"其答语一般用\"It\'s + 时间.\"其中的it指代时间,翻译时可不译,常在句尾加上please,以表示委婉的语气。如:
What time is it, please? 请问现在几点了?
-It's about a quarter past ten. 大约十点十五分。

4. What colour + be + 主语?
询问某物的颜色,一般用以What colour 开头的特殊疑问句,其答语通常用\"It\'s/They\'re + 表示颜色的形容词\"。如:
-What colour is her blouse? 她的衬衫是什么颜色的?
-It's light blue. 是浅蓝色的。

5.Whose + 名词 + be + 其它?/Whose + be + 名词?
英语中常用这两个句型来询问某事物属谁所有。如:
Whose cup is that? 那是谁的杯子?
Whose are these photos? 这些照片是谁的?

6. It's time for + sth. /It's time to do sth. / It's time for sb. to do sth.
这个结构意思都是\"该做某事了\",\"到做某事的时候了\"。如:
It's time for school. 到上学的时候了。
It\'s time to have supper. 该吃晚饭了。

7. 选择疑问句:选择疑问句是用or连接询问的两部分,以供选择,答案必须是完整的句子或其省略形式,不能用Yes或No回答
一般提出两种或两种以上的可能,问对方选择哪一种.其结构可用一般疑问句,也可用特殊疑问句.供选择的两部分用or连接,前者读升调,后者读降调.
e.g. Will you go there by bus or by train?
What would you like, coffee or tea?
How many pens do you have, one or two?
选择疑问句的答语必须是完整的句子或其省略式,不能答yes或no.
e.g. Do you go to school by bus or by bike?
By bus.
Which would you like, tea or coffee? Coffee.

一般疑问句演化来的选择疑问句
e.g. Is it right or wrong?
Were you or he there?
Are they reading, chatting or watching TV?
特殊疑问句演化来的选择疑问句
e.g. Which do you like better, coffee or milk?
What color is it, red, blue or yellow?
Where are you going, to the classroom or to the library?
or not构成的选择疑问句
e.g. Do you want to buy it or not?
Are you ready or not

8.另外,“to be + going + 动词不定式”这个特殊的结构可表示在未来即将要进行的动作。
例:He is going to tell me tomorrow - 他将在明天告诉我。

练习题:
There are ____ water in the bottle.(B)瓶子里有一点水
There are ____ water in the bottle.(A)瓶子里没水了
There are ____ students in the classroom.(D)教室里有几个学生
There are ____ students in the classroom(C)教室里没有学生
There are ____ apples on the trees.(D)有几个苹果长在树上
选项统一为
A、little B、a little C、few D、a few

3. Of course,every one of us_1__to make friends like food---they are useful to us,and they can help us when we are _2__need._3__you can make as many friends of this kind as possible.
(1) A.want B.will want C.wants
(2) A.in B.on C.for D.of
(3) A.And B.But C.So D.Because

答案:CAC

4.Twenty minutes later,John_1__a tree.His leg was broken,and it hurt _2__.
Mr smith _3__to mend the chair.then he_4__himself with a hammer.
(1) A.fell over B.fell from C.fell down D.fell on
(2) A.all the day B.all day C.whole day D.all days
(3) A.starts B.started C.was starting
(4) A.damaged B.knocked C.hit D.cut

答案:BABC

『贰』 求八年级上册人教版英语语法 急急急急

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这里是部分新目标八年级英语上册语法复习
1) leave的用法
1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:
When did you leave Shanghai?
你什么时候离开上海的?
2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:
Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.
下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。
3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:
Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?
你为什么要离开上海去北京?
2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用
should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如:
How should I know? 我怎么知道?
Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?
should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如:
We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。
我们在使用时要注意以下几点:
1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。
例如:
You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。
2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如:
You should go to the doctor if you feel ill.
如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。
3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:
We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。
She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。
3) What...? 与 Which...?
1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问
职业。如:
What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的?
该句相当于:
What does your father do?
What is your father's job?
Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如:
---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?
---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。
2. What...? 是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...? 是特指,
所指的事物有范围的限制。如:
What color do you like best?(所有颜色)你最喜爱什么颜色?
Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow?
你最喜爱哪一种颜色? (有特定的范围)
3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:
Which pictures are from China? 哪些图片来自中国?
4) 频度副词的位置
1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:
always(总是,一直)
usually(通常)
often(常常,经常)
sometimes(有时候)
never(从不)

2.频度副词的位置:
a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如:
David is often arrives late for school.大卫上学经常迟到。
b.放在行为动词前。如:
We usually go to school at 7:10 every day.
我们每天经常在7:10去上学。
c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如:
Sometimes I walk home, sometime I ride a bike.
有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。
3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如:
Never have I been there.我从没到过那儿。
5) every day 与 everyday
1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:
We go to school at 7:10 every day.
我们每天7:10去上学。
I decide to read English every day.
我决定每天读英语。
2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。
She watches everyday English on TV after dinner.
她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。
What's your everyday activity? 你的日常活动是什么?
6) 什么是助动词
1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的
动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,
例如:
He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。
(doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)
2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:
a. 表示时态,例如:
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
b. 表示语态,例如:
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
c. 构成疑问句,例如:
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?
Did you study English before you came here?
你来这儿之前学过英语吗?
d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:
I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。
e. 加强语气,例如:
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would
7) forget doing/to do与remember doing/to do
1.forget to do忘记要去做某事(未做);forget doing忘记做过某事(已做)
The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.
办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)
He forgot turning the light off.
他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)
Don't forget to come tomorrow.
别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)
典型例题
---- The light in the office is still on.
---- Oh,I forgot___.
A. turning it off B. turn it off
C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,
因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而
自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。
2.remember to do记得去做某事(未做);
remember doing记得做过某事(已做)
Remember to go to the post office after school.
记着放学后去趟邮局。
Don't you remember seeing the man before?
你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.
1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如:
easy, hard,difficult,interesting,impossible等:
It's very hard for him to study two languages.
对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
2.of sb的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,
如:good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。
It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
3.for 与of 的辨别方法:
用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:
You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。
He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)
9) 对两个句子的提问
新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作
法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:
句子:The boy in blue has three pens.
提问:1. Who has three pens?
2. Which boy has three pens?
3. What does the boy in blue have?
4. How many pens does the boy in blue have?
很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:
句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.
提问:1. Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
2. Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
3. What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
4. With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?
5. What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on
Sunday?
6. When does he usually go to the park with his friends?
10) so、such与不定冠词的使用
1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a/an+名词”。如:
He is so funny a boy.
Jim has so big a house.
2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a/an+形容词+名词”。如:
It is such a nice day.
That was such an interesting story.

『叁』 八年级上册英语的语法聚焦点

[人教版]新目标英语八年级上册知识要点

Unit 1 How often do you exercise?
重点语法:频率副词
询问别人做某事的频繁程度
提问用 How often 引导特殊疑问句
回答用 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词。
例句:A: How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次电视?)
B: I watch TV every day.(我每天都看电视。)
A: What's your favorite program?(你最喜欢的节目是什么?)
B: It's Animal World.(是《动物世界》。)
A: How often do you watch it?(你多长时间看一次这个节目?)

Unit 2 What's the matter?
重点语法:询问别人如何感觉
了解人体器官和部位的英文名称
了解一些常见病的英文名称
告诉别人应该怎样做和不应该怎样做
例句:A: What's the matter?(怎么了?)
B: I'm not feeling well.(我感觉不舒服。)I have a cold.(我感冒了。)
A: When did it start?(什么时候开始的?)
B: About two days ago.(大约两天前开始的。)

Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?
重点语法:用现在进行时态表示一般将来时态
强调某个动作已经计划好即将按照计划去执行
例句:A: What are you doing for vacation, Lin Hui?(林辉,放假准备干什么呢?)
B: I'm going to Tibet for a week.(我要去西藏旅游一周。)
A: That sounds interesting!(这听起来很有趣。)

Unit 4 How do you get to school?
重点语法:询问别人做某事的方式
用 How 引导特殊疑问句
其回答有多种方式,其中一种结构是 by doing sth. 或 by sth. 的结构。
询问两地的距离用 how far 引导特殊疑问句
回答用 be + (distance) + [away] + from 的结构。
例句:A: How do you get to school?(你如何去上学?)
B: I take the subway.(我乘地铁去上学。)

Unit 5 Can you come to my party?
重点语法:询问并请求某人做某事
例句:A: Hey, Dave.(你好,戴夫。)Can you go to the movies on Saturday?(周六你能去看电影吗?)
B: I'm sorry, I can't.(对不起,我不能去。)I have too much homework this weekend.(这个周末我有太多作业要做。)

Unit 6 I'm more outgoing than my sister.
重点语法:在两件或多件事物中进行比较
使用形容词的比较级和最高级
例句:A: Lin Ping is my friend. (Lin Ping 是我的朋友。)She's a little more outgoing than me.(她比我性格要活泼开朗一些。)
B: My friend is the same as me.(我的朋友跟我一样。)We are both quiet.(我们都很静。)

Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk shake?
重点语法:描述一个过程
服从别人的指令
询问做某事的过程用 how 引导特殊疑问句
分步回答用 first(首先), next(接着), then(然后), finally(最后) 等时间副词引导从句。
例句:A: How do you make fruit salad?(如何做水果沙拉?)
B: First cut up three bananas, three apples and a watermelon.(首先切三个香蕉、三个苹果和一个西瓜。)

Unit 8 How was your school trip?
重点语法:一般过去时态
结构:主语 + 谓语动词的过去式 + 宾语
谈论过去发生的事情用一般过去时态
do/does 的一般过去时态形式:did
例句:Last week I visited my aunt's house.(上个星期我去我姑姑家玩了。)She lives in California.(她住在加利福尼亚州。)The weather was beautiful.(那儿的天气很好。)I went swimming.(我去游泳了。)

Unit 9 When was he born?
重点语法:一般过去时态
谈论著名人物
例句:A: How long did Charles Smith hiccup?(查理斯•史密斯打嗝了多长时间?)
B: He hiccupped for 69 years and 5 months.(他打嗝了 69 年零 5 个月。)
A: When did he start hiccupping?(他什么时候开始打嗝的?)
B: He started in 1922.(他从 1922 年就开始打嗝了。)

Unit 10 I'm going to be a basketball player.
重点语法:一般将来时态
do/does 的两种一般将来时态形式:will do;be going to do
两种形式的区别:will do 强调事情尚未计划好而即将做
be going to do 强调事情已计划好并将按照计划来做
本单元重点强调 be going to do 的形式。
例句:A: What are you going to do next year?(明年你准备干些什么?)
B: Well, I'm going to take guitar lessons.(我明年要上吉他音乐课。)I really love music.(我很喜欢音乐。)

Unit 11 Could you please clean your room?
重点语法:委婉请求别人做某事
引导词用 can, shall, will 等情态动词的过去时态
例句:A: Could I please use your computer?(我能用一下你的电脑吗?)
B: Sorry. I'm going to work on it now.(对不起,我正在忙着用电脑。)
A: Well, could I watch TV?(那么,我能看电视吗?)
B: Yes, you can.(是,你可以看电视。)But you have to clean your room.(但是是在你打扫完房间之后。)

Unit 12 What's the best radio station?
重点语法:在各事物间进行比较
用形容词的原形、比较级和最高级
例句:A: Hello! I'm a reporter.(你好,我是记者。)Can I ask you some questions?(我能问你一些问题吗?)
B: Sure.(当然可以。)
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『肆』 八年级英语上册语法大全人教版 所有语法 所有单元

leavesbbyoneself独自留下某人needn't=don'thaveto不需it's 形容词 todosthmakesbdosth让某人做某事letsbdosth让某人做某事enjoyoneself=haveagoodtime玩得开心tellsb(not)todosth告诉某人做某事asksb(not)todosth询问某人做某事be(not) 形容词 enouth todosthbe too 形容词 todosthtakecareof=lookafter照顾each of固定搭配assoonas一……就want,agree,ask,begin,decided,listen,hope,learn以上词语后跟todosthfinish,enjoy,keep,mind,miss,practise以上词语后跟doingsthstop,forget,remember以上词语后可跟todosth也可跟doingsth。比如“forgettodosth”意思是“忘记去做某事(表示事情还没做)”,“forgetdoingsth”则表示“忘了做过某事(表示事情已经做了)”,如此类推,其余两个用法相同。seesbdoingsth看见某人正在做某事seesbdosth看见过某人做某事makeit 形容词 todosthenjoy/help/teach oneself靠自己reach=getto=arrivein/at注:arrivein表示到达较大的地方,比如一个国家,一座城市等;arriveat表示到达较小的地方,如学校,电影院等。havebeento曾经去过某地(现在已经回来了)havebeenin一直在某地(现在仍在某地)havegoneto去了某地(现在正在去的途中,还没回来)现在完成时:have(has) 动词过去分词lookforwordto 动词ingdivededinto把……分成alittle=abitof一点点too……to 动词原形现在完成时的动词短语变化:began→beoncome/arrive→beherego/leave→beawaybuy→havedie→bedeadborrow→keepjoin→beamember(in)in 一段时间表示将来将来时表达形式:begoingtodosth=willdosth=bedoingsthdoone'sbest=tryone'sbest尽力去做某事afraidto 动词afraidof 名词usetodosth过去常做某事didn'tusetodo=usen'ttodo过去不做某事nolonger=notanylonger现在不做某事fillwith=befullof装满gotobed上床去睡觉gotosleep入睡fallasleep从上床到入睡的全过程(动态)beasleep睡着(静态)on 具体某天的早上/下午/晚上makeoutof用……做出abit 形容词abitof 名词afew(用于可数名词肯定句)few(用于可数名词否定句)alittle(用于不可数名词肯定句)little(用于不可数名词否定句)many(用于可数名词)much(用于不可数名词)bit(可数与不可数两者均可

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