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新版牛津版七年级英语下册语法

发布时间:2021-03-15 18:43:47

1. 新目标英语七年级下册所有语法归类

七年级下册英语语法点总结(1)
七年级下册英语语法点总结(1)
分类:英语学习
Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?
一.短语:
1 .be from = come from 来自于----
2. live in 居住在---
3. on weekends 在周末
4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人
5 .in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国
6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14岁 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目
7.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约
8.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎
9.go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动
二.重点句式:
1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from/
2 Where does he live?
3 What language(s) does he speak?
4 I want a pen pal in China.
5 I can speak English and a little French.
6 Please write and tell me about yourself.
7 Can you write to me soon?
8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports.
三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。
1 Canada---- Canadian---- English / French
2 France------ French------French
3 Japan------Japanese----Japanese
4 Australia----Australian----- English
5 the United States------ American---- English
6 the United Kingdom---British----- Enghish

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?
一. Asking ways: (问路)
1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?
2. Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?
3. How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢?
4. Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?
5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路?
二.Showing the ways: (指路)
1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。
2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。
3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。
4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。
5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形)
三.词组
1. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面
2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市
3. between……and…… 在……和……之间
between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间
among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间
4. in front of…… 在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom.
课室前面有棵树。
in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom.
课室内的前部有张桌子。
5. behind…… 在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面
6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐
on the left/right of…… 在某物的左/右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边
on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left 在我左边
7. go straight 一直走
8. down /along…… 沿着……(街道) down/along Center Street 沿着中央街
9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近
10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……
11. take /have a walk 散步
12. the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端
at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端
in the beginning 起初,一开始
13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快
我昨天玩得很开心。 I had fun yesterday.
I had a good time yesterday.
I enjoyed myself yesterday.
14. have a good trip 旅途愉快
15. take a taxi 坐出租车
16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家
arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing.
arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank.
reach +地方
17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street 横过马路
go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest 穿过树林
18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street
at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street
三.重难点解析
1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事
I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。
到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing.
I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。
2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。
hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。
(从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。)
3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。
If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。
If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.
如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。
四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对
1new—old 2 quiet--- busy 3 dirty--- clean 4 big---- small

Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears?
一.重点词组
eat grass eat leaves be quiet very shy very smart very cute
play with her friends kind of South Africa other animals
at night in the day every day ring the day
二. 交际用语
1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.
2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.
3. Where are lions from? They are from South Africa.
4. What other animals do you like?
I like dogs, too.
Why?
Because they’re friendly and clever.
5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.
6. She’s very shy.
7. He is from Australia.
8.He sleeps ring the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.
9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.
10.Let’s see the pandas first.
11.They’re kind of interesting.
12.What other animals do you like?
13.Why do you want to see the lions?
三. 重点难点释义
1、kind of 有点,稍微
Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。
kind 还有“种类”的意思
如:各种各样的 all kinds of
We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.
2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲
China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。
There are many kinds of tigers in China.
There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.
3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的
它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。
The people in Cheng are very friendly.
4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起
I usually play chess with my father.
注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时,
如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后,如:
My father and I usually play chess together.
Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…”
I often play with my pet dog.
Don’t play with water!
5、day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。
通常说in the day, ring the day, at night。
Koala bears often sleep ring the day and eat leaves at night.
6、leaf n. 叶子
复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves,
knife—knives等。
7、hour n. 小时;点钟
hour前边通常加上冠词an 表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。
There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.
8、be from 来自…
be from = come from
Pandas are from China. = Pandas come form China.
9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修
饰,即:much meat
He eats much meat every day.
10、grass n. 草,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much grass。
There is much grass on the playground.
四. 语法知识
特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“how old”、“how many”等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。
特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:
1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:
What’s your grandfather’s telephone number? 你爷爷的电话号码是多少?
Who is that boy with big eyes? 那个大眼睛的男孩是谁?
Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节?
When is he going to play the piano? 他什么时候弹钢琴?
Where does he live? 他住在哪儿?
How are you? 你好吗?
How old are you? 你多大了?
How many brothers and sisters do you have? 你有几个兄弟姐妹?
2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:
Who is on ty today?
今天谁值日?
Which man is your teacher?
哪位男士是你的老师?
我们学过的What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。
例如:
I like English. What/How about you? 我喜欢英语。你呢?
What about playing basketball? 打篮球怎么样?

Unit 4 I want to be an actor.
一.短语:
1 want to do sth 想要作某事
2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人
3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事 Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home.
4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事 Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home
5 in the day 在白天
6 at night 在晚上
7 talk with/ to sb 和----谈话
8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher.
9 in a hospital 在医院l
10 work/ study hard 努力工作
11 Evening Newspaper 晚报
二.重点句式及注意事项:
1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what;有三种主要句式
① What + is / are + sb?
② What + does/ do + sb + do?
③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job?
2 People give me their money or get their money from me.
3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night.
4 I like talking to people.
5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners.
6 Where does your sister work?
7 then we have a job for you as a waiter.
8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter.
9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends?
10 We are an international school for children of 5-12.
三. 本单元中的名词复数。
1 policeman--- policemen 2 woman doctor----- women doctors 3 thief-----thieves
转自http://www..com/s?tn=sitehao123&bs=%B9%D8%D3%DA%D1%A7%CF%B0%B5%C4%D3%A2%CE%C4%B9%CA%CA%C2&f=8&wd=%C6%DF%C4%EA%BC%B6%CF%C2%D3%A2%D3%EF%D3%EF%B7%A8%B9%E9%C4%C9

2. 深圳牛津7B版七年级下册英语书的所有语法知识点总结,语法!要全啊

7B Unit 3短语、句子、语法学习笔记
〖备注〗理解记忆句型,尤其注意关键词
三、重点、难点、考点解析
1. They read a story about robbers in a city in the USA.
一、 他们看了一个关于美国一座城市里的盗贼的故事。词组或短语
序号 Chinese English
1. 全世界 all over the world
2. 在十字路口 at a crossroads

3. 立刻;马上 at once = right away

4. 在…..的另一边 at the other side of…..

5. 在某地的北面 be north of sw.

6. 打电话向某人求救 call sb. for help

7. 向山上爬 climb up the hill

8. (步行)穿过 cross = go/walk across

9. 开车离开/ 跑走 drive/run away

10. 开车去……/ 跑去….. drive/run to ……

11. 接/收 到一个电话 get a call = receive a call

12. 进入小汽车 / 从小汽车里出 get into/ out of the car

13. 乘公共汽车去……. go (to)……by bus = take a bus (to)….

14. 去露营 go camping

15. 出郊游 go on an outing

16. 穿过隧道 go through the tunnel

17. 学生中的一半 half of the students

18. 举行野餐/烧烤 have a picnic / barbecue

19. 最后
in the end =at last=finally

20. 跳进小汽车 / 从小汽车里跳 jump into/ out of the car

21. 住在附近 live nearby

22. 成百万的 millions of……

23. 在网站上 on the websites

24. 将某人推进一个货车的后部 push sb. into the back of a van

25. 看地图 read a map

26. 跑进楼房 / 从楼房里跑出来 run into/ out of the building

27. 升篝火 start a campfire

28. 在红绿灯处停下来 stop at the traffic lights

29. 游泳穿过池子 swim across the pool

30. 走别一条线路 take another route

31. 走不同的线路 take different routes

32. 三个穿着警服的男人 three men in police uniform

33. 向左拐进………路 turn left into …. Road

34. 走过;步行经过 walk past

35. 朝……走 walk towards…
36. 沿着/顺着……..走 walk/go along/ up/down……

37. 一直向前走 walk/go straight on

二、重点句型
1.ask/tell sb. (not) to do sth. 叫某人(不)做某事
ask/tell sb. about sth. 询问/告诉某人有关某事
2.be afraid (+that宾从)
be afraid of sb./sth. 害怕某人/某物
be afraid to do sth./ be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事
3.be happy/glad/pleased to do sth. 开心做某事情
4.be sure (+that从句)
be sure of sth. 对某事有把握
be sure to do sth. 务必做到某事
5.be surprised at sth. 因为某事而吃惊
be surprised to do sth 做某事很吃惊
6.invite sb to do sth 邀请某人去某地
invite sb. to sw. 邀请某人去某地
7.stop doing sth 停止目前手中做的事情
stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事情
8.try (not) to do sth 努力/尝试(不)做某事
9.use sth1 to do sth2.= do sth2 with sth1 使用某物去做某事

【短语】tell a story 讲故事 a story about … 一个关于……的故事
【词形】robber n. 强盗 rob v. 抢 thief n. 小偷 steal v. 偷
【搭配】rob sb. of sth. 抢了某人某物 steal sth. from sb. 偷了某人某物
【例句】The robbers robbed me of my wallet. 那些强盗抢了我的钱包。
【例句】The thieves stole the money from Susan. 那些小偷偷了Susan的钱。
2. One day they got a call. 一天他们接到了一个电话。
【短语】one day 一天(常用过去式,不可说a day,可以用the other day
【短语】get a call 接到一个电话 answer the phone 接电话
3. help语法搭配
【搭配】help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人 get help from sb. 从某人那儿获得帮助
【搭配】help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人干某事 ask (sb.) for help (向某人)求助
【搭配】with the help of sb. / with one’s help 在某人的帮助下
【搭配】help oneself to sth. 随便吃点什么
4、be afraid to do sth 和 be afraid of doing sth 考点区别
【解析】be afraid to do 指的是按照经验或常识不敢去做某事,或没有勇气去做某事。
如:I’m afraid to jump into the river. 我不敢跳进河中。
【解析】be afraid of doing 主要用来谈论一件自己(指句子主语)不希望也不能决定而可能突然发生在自己头上的事,这种事往往带有一种疑惧性,即可能发生也可能不发生,只是自己有这样一种得心(即担心发生)。此时不能用 be afraid to do 搭配。
【例句】She was afraid of waking her husband. 她怕吵醒她丈夫。
请再体会下列句子:
【例句】I’m afraid to speak English before so many people because I’m afraid of making mistakes.
我不敢在那么多人面前说英语,因为我怕出错。
【例句】They are afraid to swim because they are afraid of drowning.
他们不敢游泳,因为他们担心会被淹死。
四、学习易误点点拨
1.I want to know what doing next.(错误)
I wan to know what to do next.(正确)
【点拨】这是一个宾语从句中的搭配: 疑问代词/副词+不定式。又如:
【例句】Can you tell me when to leave tomorrow? 你能告诉我什么时候离开吗?
2. I opened the door use my knife. (错误)
I opened the door with my knife. (正确)
【点拨】这里的用小刀为状语,所以要用介词搭配 with my knife
use my knife 是一个动词的词组,可以与with介词搭配进行同意句的改写。
【例句】I used the knife to open the door.===I opened the door with my knife.
3. He swims cross the river easily. (错误)
He swims across the river easily. (正确)
【点拨】cross 是动词在句中做谓语,而across是介词在句中与动词连用作动词词组。
【例句】He crossed the road carefully.=He went across the road carefully.他小心翼翼地过了马路。
4. We were playing football. Would you like to take part in us? (错误)
We were playing football. Would you like to join us in it? (正确)
【点拨】take part in 是指参加一次活动(会议等)。
【例句】Did he take part in the discussion yesterday?他昨天参加讨论了吗?
join是指加入某个团体/组织,成为永久成员。join the party 入党。
也可以是join sb in sth加入某人做某事的行列。Join sb (in) doing sth
【例句】Can you join us (in) playing football?
5 .There is going to have a meeting tomorrow. (错误)
There is going to be a meeting tomorrow. (正确)
【点拨】there be 搭配表示存在,当这个搭配与将来是连用的时候用there is going to be/there will be ,而不可以误认为是开会(have a meeting)这个词组。
6.Look at those clouds.It will rain. (错误)
Look at those clouds.It is going to rain. (正确)
【点拨】be going to 搭配: 表预测。指根据迹象推测,而且马上或很快就要发生。
【扩展】表示主语进行某一将来行动的打算、意图。这种打算常经过预先考虑并含有自己做好某些准备的意思,因此通常表达的行动很可能会见诸实践。
【例句】I’m going to play basketball with my classmates this Sunday.。

. live in a palace / live next to a restaurant / live in a wooden house

2. Which is your favourite restaurant ? The biggest one.

3. Countries and capitals: The capital of the USA is Washington DC.

The UK----- London; France------ Paris; Japan------ Tokyo;

Russia------ Moscow; Thailand---- Bangkok; China ---- Beijing;

Australia---- Canberra; Italy ----- Rome; Germany----- Berlin

4. Mount Fuji / the Statue of Liberty / the Eiffel Tower / Big Ben

5. homes in different countries / homes around the world

6. sit on the big floor cushions / look out at the beach and the sea

7. live with my family in a wooden house / live in a flat on a busy street

= live in a wooden house with my family

8. climb a ladder to get into my house / play on the balcony

9. It rains a lot. = There is a lot of rain there.

10. My family and I often sit in the kitchen while my mother makes dinner.

11. I share a bedroom with my sister.

12. cook meals in the kitchen / eat meals in a dining-room /

lie on the bunk bed

13. 方位介词:in front of / behind; on the right side / on the left side; in the middle of; above / below; over / under; near / next to / beside; oppside; between / among; in / at /on; inside / outside ; at the top of

14. 数词:1)基数词与序数词; 2)数词读法(大数;电话号码;小数)

15. arrive in / at arrive in Beijing / arrive at our school

16. can’t wait to do sth.

17. have a free day

18. What else are we going? Who else / Where else / something else

19. the Great Wall / the Summer Palace / the Space Museum / the Palace Museum / a green house

20. That sounds great. / This piece of music sounds very beautiful.

21. Daniel got 118 points in the exam and came 1st in his class.

22. be (really) different from

23. phone sb.= call sb. (on the phone) = ring sb. (up) = give sb. a call / a ring

24. May I speak to…? = Can / Could I speak to…?

25. Who’s calling, please? = Who’s that, please ?

26. take a message for sb.

27. Please ask him to call me. (ask sb. to do sth. )

28. What kind of home do you live in?

29. at least

30. There are no other rooms on the second floor.

31. There is also amming-pool which is 50 metres long.

32. This means (that) a lot of people can have a shower or a bath at the same time.

33. Mary lives six floors below Wendy. She lives on the fifth floor.

34. Simon wants to tell Neil where his neighbours live.

35. Keep quiet. Please!

36. The people here are very friendly to us.

37. grow some flowers / grow up

38. lie on the ground / lie in bed

39. above the air conditioner / in front of the bookshelf / opposite the window

40. keep the room clean and tidy

3. 江苏牛津新版初一英语主要的语法知识和语言点谁有啊

首先要讲一下冠词,还有句子成分,

4. 七年级下册英语语法归纳

七年级下册英语语法点总结(1)
七年级下册英语语法点总结(1)
分类:英语学习
Unit 1 Where’ your pen pal from?
一.短语:
1 .be from = come from 来自于----
2. live in 居住在---
3. on weekends 在周末
4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人
5 .in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国
6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14岁 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目
7.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约
8.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎
9.go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动
二.重点句式:
1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from/
2 Where does he live?
3 What language(s) does he speak?
4 I want a pen pal in China.
5 I can speak English and a little French.
6 Please write and tell me about yourself.
7 Can you write to me soon?
8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports.
三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。
1 Canada---- Canadian---- English / French
2 France------ French------French
3 Japan------Japanese----Japanese
4 Australia----Australian----- English
5 the United States------ American---- English
6 the United Kingdom---British----- Enghish

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?
一. Asking ways: (问路)
1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?
2. Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?
3. How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢?
4. Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?
5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路?
二.Showing the ways: (指路)
1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。
2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。
3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。
4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。
5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形)
三.词组
1. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面
2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市
3. between……and…… 在……和……之间
between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间
among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间
4. in front of…… 在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom.
课室前面有棵树。
in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom.
课室内的前部有张桌子。
5. behind…… 在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面
6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐
on the left/right of…… 在某物的左/右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边
on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left 在我左边
7. go straight 一直走
8. down /along…… 沿着……(街道) down/along Center Street 沿着中央街
9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近
10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……
11. take /have a walk 散步
12. the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端
at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端
in the beginning 起初,一开始
13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快
我昨天玩得很开心。 I had fun yesterday.
I had a good time yesterday.
I enjoyed myself yesterday.
14. have a good trip 旅途愉快
15. take a taxi 坐出租车
16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家
arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing.
arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank.
reach +地方
17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street 横过马路
go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest 穿过树林
18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street
at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street
三.重难点解析
1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事
I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。
到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing.
I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。
2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。
hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。
(从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。)
3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。
If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。
If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.
如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。
四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对
1new—old 2 quiet--- busy 3 dirty--- clean 4 big---- small

Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears?
一.重点词组
eat grass eat leaves be quiet very shy very smart very cute
play with her friends kind of South Africa other animals
at night in the day every day ring the day
二. 交际用语
1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.
2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.
3. Where are lions from? They are from South Africa.
4. What other animals do you like?
I like dogs, too.
Why?
Because they’re friendly and clever.
5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.
6. She’s very shy.
7. He is from Australia.
8.He sleeps ring the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.
9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.
10.Let’s see the pandas first.
11.They’re kind of interesting.
12.What other animals do you like?
13.Why do you want to see the lions?
三. 重点难点释义
1、kind of 有点,稍微
Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。
kind 还有“种类”的意思
如:各种各样的 all kinds of
We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.
2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲
China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。
There are many kinds of tigers in China.
There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.
3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的
它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。
The people in Cheng are very friendly.
4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起
I usually play chess with my father.
注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时,
如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后,如:
My father and I usually play chess together.
Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…”
I often play with my pet dog.
Don’t play with water!
5、day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。
通常说in the day, ring the day, at night。
Koala bears often sleep ring the day and eat leaves at night.
6、leaf n. 叶子
复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves,
knife—knives等。
7、hour n. 小时;点钟
hour前边通常加上冠词an 表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。
There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.
8、be from 来自…
be from = come from
Pandas are from China. = Pandas come form China.
9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修
饰,即:much meat
He eats much meat every day.
10、grass n. 草,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much grass。
There is much grass on the playground.
四. 语法知识
特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“how old”、“how many”等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。
特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:
1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:
What’s your grandfather’s telephone number? 你爷爷的电话号码是多少?
Who is that boy with big eyes? 那个大眼睛的男孩是谁?
Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节?
When is he going to play the piano? 他什么时候弹钢琴?
Where does he live? 他住在哪儿?
How are you? 你好吗?
How old are you? 你多大了?
How many brothers and sisters do you have? 你有几个兄弟姐妹?
2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:
Who is on ty today?
今天谁值日?
Which man is your teacher?
哪位男士是你的老师?
我们学过的What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。
例如:
I like English. What/How about you? 我喜欢英语。你呢?
What about playing basketball? 打篮球怎么样?

Unit 4 I want to be an actor.
一.短语:
1 want to do sth 想要作某事
2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人
3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事 Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home.
4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事 Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home
5 in the day 在白天
6 at night 在晚上
7 talk with/ to sb 和----谈话
8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher.
9 in a hospital 在医院l
10 work/ study hard 努力工作
11 Evening Newspaper 晚报
二.重点句式及注意事项:
1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what;有三种主要句式
① What + is / are + sb?
② What + does/ do + sb + do?
③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job?
2 People give me their money or get their money from me.
3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night.
4 I like talking to people.
5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners.
6 Where does your sister work?
7 then we have a job for you as a waiter.
8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter.
9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends?
10 We are an international school for children of 5-12.
三. 本单元中的名词复数。
1 policeman--- policemen 2 woman doctor----- women doctors 3 thief-----thieves
转自http://www..com/s?tn=sitehao123&bs=%B9%D8%D3%DA%D1%A7%CF%B0%B5%C4%D3%A2%CE%C4%B9%CA%CA%C2&f=8&wd=%C6%DF%C4%EA%BC%B6%CF%C2%D3%A2%D3%EF%D3%EF%B7%A8%B9%E9%C4%C9

5. 七年级下册英语语法及重点句型

人教版新目标英语七年级(下)各单元知识概要 Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from? 一、词组 be from= come form 来自... pen pal=pen friend 笔友 like and dislike 好恶;爱憎 live in….在...居住 speak English 讲英语 play sports 做体育运动 a little French 一些法语 go to the movies 去看电影 an action movie 一部动作片 on weekends 在周末 Excuse me 对不起,打扰 get to 到达、抵达 beginning of 在...开始的时候 at the end of 在...结束的时候 arrive at / 二、句型 (1)、Where主 +be+主语+from? 主语+be+from+地点. (2)、Where do/does+主语+live? 主语+live/lives in… (3)、What language do/does +主语+speak? 主语+speak/speaks…. (4)、主语+like/likes+doing… 三、日常交际用语 1-Where is your pen pal from? -He’s from China. 2-Where does she live? --She lives in Tokyo. 3-Does she speak English? -Yes,she does/No,she dosen’t. 4-Is that your new pen pal? -Yes,he is /No,he isn’t. 5-What language does she speak? -She speaks English. Unit 2 Where’s the post office 一、词组 post office 邮局 pay phone 投币式公用电话 next to 在...隔壁 across from 在...对面 in front of 在...前面 between…and… 在...和...之间 on a street 在街上 in the neighborhood 在附近 on the right/left 在右边/在左边 on one’s right/left 在某人的右边/左边 turn right/left 向右/左转 take a walk 散步 have fun 玩得开心 the way to …去...的路 take a taxi 打的/乘出租车 go down(along)…沿着...走 go through...穿过... have a good trip 旅途愉快

6. 牛津七年级下册英语第一单元语法整理

语法还是知识点?我帮你找了下列资料,不知道是不是你需要的?
短语学习:
1. be superior to 比。。。优越,比。。。好,超过。。。
This western restaurant is superior to the one we went to last week.
这家西餐馆比我们上星期去的那一家好。
He is ~ to me in position. (级别,职位,重要性上)更高
能与to 连用,但不能与than连用的词有:
major(优秀的,高级的);inferior(下等的,下级的)
senior(年长的,地位高的);junior(年少的,后进的)
2. spring up迅速出现;兴起 A doubt sprang up in her mind.
3. a variety of 各种各样的
Coral is not a plant but a variety of animal life of different shapes and bright colors.
珊瑚不是植物,而是各种不同形状和色彩斑斓的生物的变体。
There is a wide variety of patterns to choose from.有种类繁多的图案可供选择。
This tool can be used in a variety of ways.这一工具有多种用途。
various adj. 各种各样的
Tents come in various shapes and sizes. 帐篷有各种各样的形状和大小。
4. Come onto the market 上市,在市场上出售
This house only came onto the market yesterday .这所房子是昨天才投放到市场出售的
5.in that case在那种情况下
You don’t like your job? In that case, why don’t you leave?
你不喜欢这份工作?那你怎么不辞掉呢?
She was late, in that case, I can’t wait for her.她迟到了,在那种情况下,我不能等了。
6.stand for代表;象征;容忍
What does “UN” stand for?UN代表的是什么?
I condemn fascism and all it stands for.我谴责法西斯主义及其代表的一切。
I can’t stand (for) this insolence. 我决不容忍这种傲慢无礼的行为。
7. capable adj. 有能力的;有才能的 be capable of 能够
Show your teacher what you are capable of. 向你的老师表现出你的才能。
This is a robot capable of understanding spoken commands.
这是一个能听懂口头指令的机器人。
The machine is capable of improvement.这台机器是可以改进的。
8.up to date 最近的
It was a modern factory—everything was really up to date.
这是一个现代化的工厂——一切都是最新式的。
We are keeping up to date with the latest developments. 我们保持掌握最新的发展。
out of date(out-of-date作定语形容词)过时的
9. (sb.)be familiar with sth.熟悉……
(sth.)be familiar to sb.为某人所熟悉
10. wind ( wound wound )vt.上发条;缠;绕
wind up 给……上发条;使某人高度兴奋;把(汽车窗玻璃等摇上)
wind down (钟表)慢下来,停住; (人)松弛下来
1) He forgot to wind [waind] (up) his watch.
2) Are all the windows wound up?

介词
介词的分类:
1. 表示时间的介词:at, in, on, before, to, from, by, till, until, after, for, since 等。
2. 表示地点,位置,方向的介词:next, to, in, in front of, on , out of, at, above, over, into, near, between, under, up, across, by, down, from, around, behind, beside等
3. 表示原因,理由的介词:for, as, at, from 等
4. 表示方式的介词:on, in, by, with 等。
常用介词辨析
1. 表示时间的in, on, at, after
1) in 的用法。
用于早晨、下午、傍晚。In the morning/afternoon/evening
用于月、年、季节等。In March, in 1986, in spring
用于一段时间后。In a week, in a year’s time, in two hours
2) on 的用法
用于具体某一天。On my birthday, on the morning of next Friday, on June 6, on Sunday, on New Year’s ay
用于描述性的时间。On a cold night, on a winter day
3) at 的用法
用于具体的钟点。At 12 o’clock, at half nine
用于固定的搭配。At lunch, at night, at breakfast, at noon, at Christmas, at weekends, at that time
4) after 表示在一点时间以后。After twelve o’clock
2. 表示的地点的 in, on , at
in指大地方,at是小地点, in表示的是体,on表示的是面,at表示的是点。
They will arrive in Shanghai.他们将到上海。
They will arrive at the school.他们将到学校。
They live on the ninth floor.他们住在九楼。
I will meet you at the bus stop.我在车站接你。
in可指内部, on可指“在…之上”
There are six windows in the wall.墙上有6 扇窗子。
There are five pictures on the wall.墙上贴着5 幅画。
3. 表示方位的on, over, under, above, below.
1)on , over, above指上方;under, below指下方;on指物体接触。
2)over指正上方、above指斜上方、under指正下方、below指斜下方。
There will be two bridges over the river.河上将有两座桥。
The ball is under the desk.桌子下有一只球。
4. between, among
Between指两者之间, among指三者或三者以上。
There will be a match between Tom and me. 汤姆和我之间将要有一场比赛。
The teacher is standing among the students. 老师正站在学生们中间。
但有时在数量不多的个体之间进行选择,可用Between.
You can choose between the books on the table.你可以在桌子的书中进行选择。
5. across , over, through
Across表示从这一边到另一边的横过, over表示从空间通过, through则表示从内部空间穿过。
Can you swim across the lake? 你能游泳过湖吗?
You must go through the forest at once. 你必须马上穿过树林。
There is a bridge over the river. 河上有一座桥。
6. 表示方式、方法、手段的常用介词by, in, with, through
★ by 表示“用(方法、手段、途径等)”或意为“乘坐(交通工具) ”,后接的名词前面通常不用冠词。
★ in 表示“用(方式、材料、途径、语言)”。
★ with 表示“带着,伴随”,后接具体的工具,手段、材料或其他行为方式。
Mr. Green usually goes to work ___car.
He wrote many letters ___English.
He told me to write _____a pen.
You can master English ________more practice.
7. 表示“除…… 之外”的介词
through 表示“以(方法、手段) ”“经由”。
besides 表示包含, 除 --- 之外还有---
except 表示排除, 除 ---- 之外
but 表示排除, 多与nobody, none, no one, nothing, anything, everyone, all, who 等连用.
except for 表示除去整体中的部分, “只是, 只不过”
__________ basketball, I like playing Pingpang.
You have no choice ________work hard.
Li Long is a good student ______________his laziness.
*He usually goes to work on time _____.
A. except for raining days B. besides it rains
C. but that it rains D. except on rainy days
8. 看似相同,但意义有别的词组。
At school 在上学 At the school 在学校
In front of 在…前边(外部) In the front of 在…前部(内部)
In class 在课上 In the class 在这个班
In bed 在睡觉 In the bed 在床上
In hospital 住院 In the hospital 在医院里
Go to school 去上学 Go to the school 去学校
(1).名词+介词:
1. approval of 批准 2. awareness of 意识到
3. grasp of 把握住 4. hatred of 憎恶
5. desire for 要求、愿望 6. fondness for 爱好 (I've a fondness for collecting stamps.)
7. hope for 希望、期待 (hope for the best 乐观)
8. need for 必要 (There is no need for hurrying.)
9. reason for 有必须……的理由 (have reason for...)
10. respect for 尊敬 (have respect for...) 11. belief in 信任于
12. interest in 对……有兴趣 13. success in 成功、成就
(2).形容词 + 介词:
1. afraid of (He is not afraid of anything.)
2. aware of 觉得
3. capable of 能 (The tank is capable of holding 8 kg. of water.)
4. fond of 喜爱 (He's fond of fishing.)
5. jealous of 嫉妒于
6. made of 用……制成的
7. proud of 对……感觉光荣 (I'm proud of his acquaintance. 认识他是我的光荣。)
8. sure of 确信 (You may be sure of his honesty.)
9. tired of 厌倦的
10. careless about 不关心、不重视
11. worried about 自找烦恼
12. familiar with 熟悉于、精通于
13. interested in 兴趣于
14. sorry for 懊悔、觉得过意不去 (You will be sorry for this some day.)
(3).动词 + 介词:(这类组合特别多。要特别注意同一个动词配上不同的介词,意思就不同了)
1. care about 关心 (He doesn't care about other people. 他不关心别人。)
2. care for 喜欢 (Would you care for a cup of coffee? 你喜欢来杯咖啡吗?)
3. take care of 照顾 (Take care of yourseft. 照顾自己喔。)
4. dream about 梦到 (I dreamt about you last night. 昨晚我梦到你。)
5. dream of 梦想 (I often dream of being rich. 我时常梦想发达了。)
6. hear about 听到关于……的详情 (Have you hear about Jane? )
7. hear of 听到……的事/话 (Have you heard of a place called 'Mulu'?)
8. hear from 得到……的消息 (Have you heard from Ann recently?)
9. look at 注视、考察(Why you look at me like that?)
10. look for 找、指望 (Can you help me look for my keys?)
11. look after 照应、看守 (She is ill, she needs someone to look after her.)
12. think about 思索、考虑 (What are you thinking about?)
13. think of 想起、企图 (He told me his name but I can't think of it now.)
展示导思(25分钟)

1. weigh vt. 称……的重量;权衡;考虑vi. 重量为……
He weighed himself on the bathroom scales.他用浴室磅秤量体重。
She weighed the stone in her hand.他用手掂了掂那块石头的重量。
I weighed the benefits of the plan against the risks involved.
我认真考虑了这个计划的优点及其风险。
weigh sb. down 使烦恼;使焦虑
weight n. 重量 put on weight 增加体重 lose weight 减肥
take the weight off one’s feet 坐下来歇会儿
2.measure vt.& vi. 测量;度量;判断;评估 n. 措施;方法
It’s hard to measure his ability when we haven’t seen his work.
没见过他的作品,很难估计他的能力。
1)measure指测量某物的长宽高等或估计某人的能力。也可用作名词,意思是“措施”,take measures to do 采取措施做……。如:
Measures should be taken to stop pollution.该采取措施制止污染了。
2)固定搭配:in great measure 很大程度上
3)固定搭配be measured in/by “用……计算”。如:
In England distance is measured by miles while in China by kilometers.
在英国距离按英里计算,在中国却按千米计算。
3..suitable adj.合适的;适宜的
suitable for sb./sth.适合某人/某物 suitable to do sth.适合做某事
Is this a suitable time to have a word with you?我想和你说句话,你现在方便吗?
This programme is not suitable for children.这个节目儿童不宜。。
(1)suit v. 适合;适宜;满足需要n. 一套衣服
Choose a computer to suit your particular needs.选一台适合你自个儿需要的电脑。
If you want to go by bus, that suits me fine.要是你想坐公共汽车走,那对我也合适。
(2)suit, fit与match.
suit多指合乎需要、口味、性格、条件、地位。
Does the time suit you?这个时间对你合适吗?
match多指大小、色调、形状、性质等方面的搭配。
The People’s Great Hall and the Historical Museum match the Tian An Men beautifully.
人民大会堂和历史博物馆与天安门陪衬的极为美丽。
fit多指大小合适,引申为“吻合”。
The new coat fits me well.这件新衣服我穿着大小合适。
2)用suit,fit与match填空
(1)Try the new key and see if it __________. (2)No dish __________ all tastes.
(3)This hot weather doesn’t __________ me.
(4)The doors were painted blue to __________ the walls.
(5)I tried the dress on and it didn’t __________.
(6)None of these glasses __________.
4. guarantee v. 担保;保障;保证n. 保证;担保;保修单
guarantee sb.sth.保证某人某事 guarantee+that 从句
be under guarantee(n.)在保修期内
He gave me a guarantee that it would never happen again.
他向我保证这种事情决不会再发生。
We provide a 5-year guarantee against rust.我们保证,产品5年不生锈。
We can’t guarantee that our flights will never be delayed.

7. 牛津版初一英语的语法知识点

时态讲解
一、一般现在时主要用于:
1 、表示经常性或习惯性动作。 e.g. It seldom snows here.
2 、表示现在的特征或状态。 e.g. He is always ready to help others.
3 、普遍真理。 e.g. Action speaks louder than words.
4 、剧情图片介绍,背景说明,动作解说。 e.g. (Tom enters the room and sits at the table)
Doctor : What's your trouble, young man?
Tom : I've caught a cold, doctor.
5 、时间、条件、让步、方式状语从句表将要发生的动作时。
e.g. Tomorrow we shall go for an outing unless it rains.
与这种时态连用的时间状语常有: always, often, never, seldom, usually, once, a week, now 等。
二、一般过去时主要用于:
1 、表示过去某个时间发生的动作或情况(包括习惯性的动作或状态)
e.g. When did you read the novel? She often came to help us in those days.
2 、谈到过去的情况时 e.g. I didn't know you were so busy.
3 、谈到已死人的情况时 e.g. Lei Feng was a great communist fighter.
与这个时态连用的时间状语常有:
yesterday, last night, the other day, two months ago, in 1985, then, just now, when, after, as soon as 引导的时间状语从句,表示主句动作开始的时间。
三、现在完成时主要用于:
1 、表示到现在为止这一时期中发生的动作或情况,即多次动作的总和。
e.g. We have learnt four English songs this month. How many times have you read the novel?
For many days we haven't seen each other.
2 、表示对现在有影响的某一已发生的动作。
e.g. The delegation has left 代表团已经走了(说明现在不在这里) Look, what you have done. 看你干的事。
与这一时态连用的时间状语有: already, yet, just, ever, never, by now, so far, recently, by the end of this month, since, for 短语,连词 since 引导的时间状语从句。
一般过去时与现在完成时的区别:
一般过去时:重在说明动作在过去发生时的具体情况(时间、地点、方式、对象、细节等)。
现在完成时:只提起已发生的动作(事实)及其影响,不说明动作发生时的具体情况。
cf. Have you had your lunch? What did you have for lunch?
I have ever been to the Great Wall, and I went there last summer with my father.
注:现在完成时表达的动作常具有反复性,故下面一句是错的:
Have you seen the six thirty's news program? 应改为: Did you see the six thirty's news program?
四、现在完成进行时主要用于:表示过去开始的某一动作一直持续到现在,以至延伸到将来,它强调动作延续时间之长久。e.g. I've been writing an article. 我一直在写一篇文章。(还在写)
cf. I've written an article. 我写了一篇文章。(已写完)
It has been raining these days. 这些天一直在下雨。
五、过去完成时
1 、过去完成时是一个相对时态,表示过去的过去,只有在两个过去发生的动作相比较时才可显示出来。
e.g. As soon as we got to the station, the train had left.
注:主从句表达的动作紧接时,即两动作发生的时间没有明显时间上的悬殊或空档时,主从句都可用一般过去时。 e.g. Where did your brother study before he joined the army?
2 、过去完成时可表示截止过去某一时间动作的总或动作的结束。
e.g. By the end of last month. We had reviewed four books By eight o'clock, he had finished his homework.
与这个时态连用的时间状语常有: by 1985, by eight o'clock, by then, by the end of last month, by the time when, when, as soon as, before 等连词引导的时间状语从句,表示主句动作结束的时间。
(六)现在进行时主要用于:
1 、表示现在或现阶段正在进行的动作。 e.g. Listen, someone is crying. What are you doing these days?
2 、代替一般现在时,表示经常性动作或状态,而含有某种感情色彩。
e.g. How are you feeling today? 你今天感觉怎样?(显得亲切)
He is doing well in his lessons. 他的功课很好。(赞扬)
You are always boasting. 你老爱吹牛。(厌烦)
3 、动词 go, come, leave, arrive 等表将要发生的动作时。 e.g. They are leaving for Shanghai.
与这种时态连用的时间状语常有: now, these days, recently, this week 等。
七、过去进行时主要用于: 表示过去某个时刻或阶段正在进行的动作。
e.g. At that time she was working in a PLA unit. 那时她在解放军某部工作。
What were you doing this time yesterday?
与这个时态连用的时间状语常用: at nine o'clock, this time last night, these days, at that time 等。
用 when 引导的时间状语从句表示主句的动作正在进行的时间。
e.g. When he came in, I was reading a newspaper.
注:
1 、 while 引导时间状语从句叙述过去的动作时,从句常用过去进行时。
e.g. I read a magazine while I was waiting for the bus.
2 、 when 用作并列连词,意为“这时”,连接两分句时,第一句多用过去进行时。
e.g. I was reading a newspaper when he came in.
一般过去时与过去进行时的区别:
一般过去时:强调过去某一时间开始或完成的动作。
过去进行时:强调过去某一时间正在进行的动作。
试区别下面两句:
We were building a reservoir last winter. 去年冬天我们在修建一座水库。(可能尚未建成)
We built a reservoir last winter. 去年冬天我们修建了一座水库。(已经建成)
八、一般将来时主要用于: 表示将要发生的动作或情况
e.g. Tom will have a bike of his own.
与这个时态连用的时间状语常用: tonight, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week, in three hours, two days later 等。
一般将来时态与其它结构表将来情况的区别:
一般将来时态 :主要从时间的角度表将要发生的动作或情况。
be going to 结构 :①表(主观上)打算或准备做某事时。 ②表有发生某事的预兆时。
e.g. They are going to have a competition with us in studies. It is going to rain.
据以上区别,故下面一句是错的:
I am going to be eighteen years old next year. 应改为: I shall be eighteen years old next year.
be about to do sth 结构 :意为“刚要做某事”、“马上要做某事”强调时间之紧迫性。
e.g. We are about to discuss this problem. 我们将马上讨论这个问题。
be to do sth 结构: 表示按计划、安排、规定将实施某事或表示注定会发生某事。
e.g. When is the train to leave. All these things are to be answered for.
及物动词与不及物动词
英语中按动词后可否直接跟宾语,可把动词分成及物动词与和及物动词。
1.及物动词: 字典里词后标有vt. 的就是及物动词。及物动词后必须跟有动作的对象(即宾语),可直接跟宾语。see 看见 (vt.) +宾语 I can see a boy.
2.不及物动词:字典里词后标有vi. 的就是不及物动词。不及物动词后不能直接跟有动作的对象(即宾语)。若要跟宾语,必须先在其后添加上某个介词,如to,of ,at后方可跟上宾语。
具体每个动词后究竟加什么介词就得背动词短语了,如listen to,look at…..
3. 宾语(动作的对象):是名词或代词,或相当于名词的词或短语(如动名词)。其它词不看作动作的对象呢。
4.举例:“看”
(1)see 看见 (vt.) +宾语 I can see a boy.
(2)look 看 (vi.) x宾语(即不能直接加宾语). Look! She is singing.
Look carefully! (注意:carefully 是副词,不是名词,故不作宾语哟)
(3)look at 看…….+宾语 Look at me carefully! (me是代词,作宾语了)
连系动词
连系动词本身有一定的词义,但不能独立作谓语,必须与表语一起构成谓语。
表语通常由名词、形容词,或相当于名词或形容词的词或短语等充当,说明主语是什么或怎么样。
一、 连系动词的类型有:
1. "存在"类:表示存在或具有某种特征或状态.这类连系动词强调"存在"。常见的有:be(是),look(看起来),feel(摸上去),seem(似乎是),appear(似乎、显得),prove(证明是),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来),sound(听起来)等。例如:
The story sounds true.
Those oranges taste good.
2. "持续"类:表示某种情况或状态的持续。这类连系动词强调"持续"。常见的有:remain(依然),keep(保持),stay(保持),continue(继续、仍旧),stand(处于某状况或情形)等。例如:
Why don't you put the meat in the fridge? It will stay fresh for several days.
It's already ten in the morning. The store remains closed. What's the matter?
3. "变化"类:表示由一种情况或状态变化成另一种情况或状态。这类连系动词强调"变化"后的情况或状态.常见的有:become(变成), turn(变成), grow(变得), go(变得)等。例如:
Put the fish in the fridge, or it will go bad in hot weather.
二、注意事项
1. 有些连系动词通常不用于被动语态和进行时态中。如:feel, taste等词。例如:
-Do you like the material?
-Yes, it feels very soft.
2. 一般情况下,连系动词主要跟形容词或分词作表语。例如:
Be careful when you cross this very busy street. If not, you may get run over by a car.
3. 能跟名词作表语的连系动词常见的有:be, become, appear, seem, prove, remain和turn等.注意:turn后跟(表示主语身份的)名词作表语时,不加冠词。例如:
Twenty years later, he turned teacher.
The population growth in China remains a problem.
4. 连系动词也可跟不定式(to do / to be),常见的有:appear, seem, remain, prove, look等。例如:
Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains to be seen whether they will enjoy it.
On the long journey, Peter proved to be a most interesting guide. We all had a wonderful time.
终止性动词与延续性动词
终止性动词指不会持续一段时间的动作,即动作在瞬间或短时间内完成。 例如:get arrive 这类动词不与一段时间连用
终止性动词:表示不能延续的动作,即动作发生后立即结束。如:begin,arrive, borrow, ...终止性动词的肯定式是不能持续的,所以不能和表示一段时间的状语连用,而终止性的否定式就可以和表一段时间的状语.
一、延续性动词和终止性动词的概念
英语中,动词按其动作发生的方式、动作发生过程的长短,可分为延续性动词和终止性动词。
延续性动词表示能够延续的动作,这种动作可以延续下去或产生持久影响。如:learn, work, stand, lie, know, walk, keep, have, wait, watch, sing, read, sleep, live, stay等。
终止性动词也称非延续性动词、瞬间动词或短暂性动词,表示不能延续的动作,这种动作发生后立即结束。如open, close, finish, begin, come, go, arrive, reach, get to, leave, move, borrow,buy等。
二、延续性动词的用法特征
1.延续性动词可以用于现在完成时,其完成时态可与表示"段时间"的状语连用。表示"段时间"的短语有:for two years, ring the past three years, since last year, how long等。如:I have learned English since I came here.自从我来到这儿就学英语了。
2.延续性动词不能与表示短暂时间的"点时间"状语连用。如:It raind at eight yesterday morning.(误) rain为延续性动词,而at eight表示"点时间",前后显然矛盾。如果用延续性动词表示一瞬间的动作,可以借助come, begin, get等终止性动词来表示。上句可改为:It began to rain at eight yesterday morning.(正)又如:
-When did you get to know Jack?
-Two years ago.
-Then you've known each other for more than two years.
-That's right.
三、终止性动词的用法特征
1.终止性动词可用来表示某一动作完成,因此可用于现在完成时。如:
The train has arrived.火车到了。
Have you joined the computer group?你加入电脑小组了吗?
2.终止性动词表示的动作极其短暂,不能持续。因此,不可与表示一段时间的状语连用(只限肯定式)。如:
(1)他死了三年了。
误:He has died for three years.
正:He has been dead for three years.
正:He died three years ago.
正:It is three years since he died.
正:Three years has passed since he died.
(2)他来这儿五天了。
误:He has come here for five days.
正:He has been here for five days.
正:He came here five days ago.
正:It is five days since he came here.
正:Five days has passed since he came here.
(1)、(2)句中的die、come为终止性动词,不能与表示"段时间"的状语连用。那么,应如何正确表达呢?可以采用下面的四种方法:
(1)将句中终止性动词转换为相应的延续性动词,如上面两例中的第一种正确表达方式。下面列举几例:leave→be away, borrow→keep, buy→have, begin/start→be on, die→be dead, move to→live in, finish→be over, join→be in/be a member of, open sth.→keep sth. open, fall ill→be ill, get up→be up, catch a cold→have a cold。
(2)将句中表示"段时间"的状语改为表示过去确定时间的状语,如下面两例中的第二种正确表达方式。
(3)用句型"It is+段时间+since..."表达原意,如上面两例中的第三种正确表达方式。
(4)用句型"时间+has passed+since..."表达原意,如上面两例中的第四种正确表达方式。
3.终止性动词可用于现在完成时否定式中,成为可以延续的状态,因而可与表示一段时间的状语连用。如:
He hasn't left here since 1986.
I haven't heard from my father for two weeks.
4.终止性动词的否定式与until/till连用,构成"not+终止性动词+until/till ..."的句型,意为"直到……才……"。如:
You can't leave here until I arrive.直到我到了,你才能离开这里。
I will not go to bed until I finish drawing the picture tonight.今天晚上直到我画完画,我才上床睡觉。
5.终止性动词可以用于when引导的时间状语从句中,但不可以用于while引导的时间状语从句中。when表示的时间是"点时间"(从句谓语动词用终止性动词),也可以是"段时间"(从句谓语动词用延续性动词)。而while表示的是一个较长的时间或过程,从句谓语动词用延续性动词。如:
When we reached London, it was twelve o'clock. (reach为终止性动词)
Please look after my daughter while/when we are away. (be away为延续性动词短语)
6.终止性动词完成时不可与how long连用(只限于肯定式)。如:
误:How long have you come here?
正:How long have you been here?
正:When did you come here?

终止性动词不用于进行时态,若是进行时态形式应译成将来时态的意思。
终止性动词和延续性动词辨析 王嵩

英语动词可以分为延续性动词和终止性动词。这两种动词在每年中考英语试题中出现率较高,笔者将其归纳分类,供同学们学习时参考。一、延续性动词 延续性动词表示的动作不但可以延续,而且可以产生持久的影响。常见的这类动词有:be,have,keep,know,learn,lie,live,read,sing,sleep,stand,stay,wait,walk,watch等。延续性动词的用法很广,但常见于现在完成时中的句子中,且常与for,how,long,since等引导的表示一段时间的状语或状语从句连用。例如:1.I have learned more than 1,000 Chinese words since I came to China.自从来到中国,我已经学会了l,000多个汉字。2.We have lived in Linqing since we came here.自从来到这儿,我们就一直住在临清。3.I have kept the picture for about three years.这张画我保存了大约三年。 二、终止性动词 终止性动词又称为瞬间动词或非延续性动词,它表示的动作不能延续,也就是说动作一旦发生就立即结束,并产生某种结果。常见的这类动词有:accept,arrive,become,begin,borrow,break,buy,catch,close,come,die,end,fall,finish,get,give,go,join,leave,put,reach,receive,shut,start,stop等。终止性动词用在现在完成时要注意下面三点: (一)终止性动词可直接用来表示某一动作的完成。例如:1.They have reached Shanghai.他们已经到达了上海。2.Has he gone to London? 他已经到伦敦去了吗? (二)终止性动词表示的动作极其短暂,不能持续,所以,在现在完成时中一般不能和以since,for等引导的表示一段时间的状语连用。例如:1.那老人已经死了一周了。The old man has died for a week.(误)2.他三天前就已经来这儿了。He has come here since three days ago.(误)在以上两句中,die和come都是终止性动词,可用于现在完成时,但不能与以since或for引导的表示一段时间的状语连用。那么,上面两个句子应该怎样译成英语呢?请看下面四种译法:1.把终止性动词改为延续性的动词。例如:①The old man has been dead for a week.②He has been here since three days ago.2.把原句中的一段时间改为表示“过去”的时间,时态由现在完成时改变成一般过去时。例如:①The old man died a week ago.②He came here three days ago.3.用“It is+时间+since…”句式。例如:①It is/has been a week since the old man died.②It has been/is three days since he came here.4.用“多长时间+has passed+since…”句式。例如:①A week has passed since the old men died.②Three days had passed since he came here. (三)有关特殊终止性动词的用法。1.在while(表示一段时间)引导的从句里,谓语动词不能使用终止性动词,但可以把while改成when,这样,从句里的谓语动词就可以使用终止性动词了。因为when既可以表示时间的“点”,又可以表示时间的“段”。例如:While he got to America.he found his English Was very poor.(误)When he got t0 America.he found his English was very poor.(正)2.终止性动词的否定式与until连用时,意为“直到……才/不到什么时间不……”等。例如:Don’t get off until the bus stops.车未停稳,切勿下车。3.终止性动词不可以与how long引导的句式连用。例如:How long have you borrowed the magazine?(误)When did you borrow the magazine?(正)How long have you kept the magazine?(正)

终止性动词与延缓性动词的用法区别
上海市中国中学 黄文英

英语中的动词,是学习中的重点,又是难点。英语中的动词有多种分类法。根据其有无含义,动词可分为实义动词和助动词;根据动词所表示的是动作还是状态,可以分为行为动词和状态动词;根据动词所表示的动作能否延缓,分为延续性动词和终止性动词。
可以表示持续的行为或状态的动词,叫做“延续性动词”,也叫“持续性动词”,如:be, keep, have, like, study, live, etc.
有的表示短暂、瞬间性的动词,叫做“终止性动词”,也可叫“短暂性动词”,或“瞬间性动词”,如die, join, leave, become, return, reach, etc.
终止性动词构成的现在完成时,不可以用表示一段时间的状语(如:since 和for引导的短语)来修饰,终止性动词构成的现在完成时,只表示动作发生的因果关系,不能表示动作的延续,因此不能用表示一段时间的状语来修饰。
如可以说:The Red Cross has already started for the earthquake-stricken area.
但不可说:The Red Cross has already started for the earthquake-stricken area for three days.
因为start是终止性动词, 它所表示的动作短促, 当红十字会出发时,start这个动作便结束了, 不可能延续两天。
在十多年的教学生涯中,发现学生对于如何解决这对矛盾不知所措,下面我来归纳一下解决这对矛盾的四种方法。
用ago时间状语短语来代替since或for引导的时间状语:
eg. Mr. Richard has returned from America for two years. (wrong)
Mr. Richard has returned from America since two years ago. (wrong)
应改为: He returned from America two years ago.
2.用It is… since…复合句代替简单句
eg. It has been/is two years since Mr. Richard returned from America.
注意:以上两种办法适用于所有终止性动词。
3.用相应的形容词和副词代替终止性动词。
eg. Mr. Richard has been back from America for two years.
4.用延缓性动词代替终止性动词。
eg. He has gone to the Internet for six hours. (wrong)
应改为:He has been on the Internet for six hours.
但须注意:终止性动词的否定式可以和since 或for 引导的时间状语连用。因为终止性动词的否定表示的是一种可以延续的状态。
eg. I have heard from my friend in Africa for half a year. (wrong)
I haven’t heard from my friend in Africa for half a year.. (right)

此外,终止性动词与延缓性动词在翻译上也不同,很易混淆。下面我再就终止性动词与延缓性动词的含义问题做一归纳:
1. 在连词since引导的时间状语从句中, 用终止性动词的过去时或用延缓性动词过去时,其含义是大不相同的。
A. since所引导的时间状语从句中,如果句子谓语是终止性动词的过去时, 则从句表示的时间是从“那一时刻开始”。
eg. He has studied very hard since he came to our school.
自从他来校以来,一贯努力学习。
B. 在since所引导的时间状语从句中,其谓语是延缓性动词的过去时,那么从句所表示的时间是从延缓性动词所表示的动作结束时算起。
eg. I haven’t heard any noise since I slept.
自从我醒后,没听见任何声音。
介词for引导的时间状语,在翻译时有两种不同的情况:
A.介词for引导的时间状语和延缓性动词的现在完成时的否定式连用时,有两种不同的含义。
eg. He has not lived there for six months.
他不住在那儿已六个月了。(或: 他住在那儿还不到六个月。)
B.介词for引导的时间状语和终止性动词的现在完成时的否定式连用,只有一种含义。
eg. Mary has not left here for six months.
玛丽已六个月没有离开过这儿了。
句中含有till 或until 引导的短语或从句,从句中的谓语动词可以是延续性的,也可以是终止性的,但要注意两种情况:
如果主句中动词是延续性的动词,动词肯定或否定都可以,只是含义不同。
eg. He listened to the radio until his father came back.
他听无线电一直到他父亲回来为止。
eg. He didn’t listen to the radio until his father came back..
直到他父亲回来,他才听无线电。
如果主句中的谓语动词是终止性动词,则只能用否定式。
eg. Mr. Smith didn’t marry until he was forty- five. (right)
史密斯先生到四十五岁才结婚。
Mr. Smith married until he was forty-five. (wrong)

8. 七年级下册英语单词及短语(牛津版)

一、词组或短语
1 点一些食物 order some food
2 犯了一个错误 make a mistake
3 用钱买… buy…with money
4 比…少 less…than…
5 告诉某人关于某事 tell sb.about sth.
6 京剧 Beijing Opera
7 这样的一幢高楼 such a tall building=so tall a building
8 去散步 go walking=go for a walk
9 我们中的人多数 most of us
10 与…靠近 be close to
11 乘地铁 by underground(介词短语)
take an underground(动词短语)
12 空气污染 air pollution
13 玩得开心 have a good/great/nice time=enjoy oneself
=have(lots of) fun
14 国画 Chinese paintings
15 某人在作业方面需要帮助want/need help with one's homework
16 体育运动中心 sports centre
青少年活动中心 youth centre
17 举行一场晚会 hold a party=have a party
18 一组…;一群… a group of
19 给某人发一封电子邮件 send an e-mail to sb.
20 英国学生中的一个 one of the British/English students
21 艺术品 works of art
22 制定计划 make a plan
23 骑自行车 ride a bike(动词短语)
on a/the/one's bike=by bike(介词短语)
24 穿好色T恤衫的男孩 the boy in a red T-shirt
25 进行球类运动 play ball games
26 没关系;不要紧。 Never mind.=It doesn’t matter.=That's OK.
=That’s all right.
27 别的什么 what else=what other things
28 让我猜猜 let me guess
29 向某人道谢 say thank you to sb.
向某人问好 say hello to sb.
30 乐一整天/享受一整天 enjoy a full day
31 世界上最好的游戏 the best game in the world
32 带某人参观某地 show sb.around sw.
33 到达最近的城镇 get to the nearest town
34 带某人去某地 take sb. to sw.
35 想起、考虑 think of
36 许多要做的事 lots of things to do
37 住在像这样的地方 live in places like this
38 不必 don’t have to=needn’t
39 直到晚十点 until ten o’clock at night
40 在北京市中心 in the centre of Beijing
41 (来)对了地方 (be)in the right place
42 选择任何你喜欢的食物 choose any food you like
43 许多西方的餐馆 lots of western restaurants
44 教某人某事 teach sb.sth.
教某人做某事 teach sb.to do sth.
45 当地剧院 local theatre
46 一个给人们看戏或表演的地方 a place for people to watch plays and shows
47 将A与B匹配 match A with B
48 说普通话 speak Putonghua
49 种蔬菜和花 grow vegetables and flowers
二、重点句子及句型
1. There's no dog food. =There isn't any dog food.. 没有狗食了。
2. How many tins of dog food can we buy with that?我们可以用它来买多少罐狗食呢?
3. Maybe we can order a pizza. 也许我们可以去订个比萨饼。
4. Let's take them to the sports center. 让我们把他们带到运动中心去吧。
5. There’s less air pollution in Sunshine Town than in other areas of Beijing.
6. Most of us live in places like this.=Most of us live in such a place.
7. You can shop until 10 o'clock at night. 你可以购物到晚上+点。
8. If so, you are in the right place! 如果这样的话,你就来对地方啦!
9. You can choose any food you like in Sunshine Town.
10. That is because you think football is the best game in the world!
11. Don't miss the great exhibitions.可别错过这些精彩的展览。
12. Would you like to go to the Palace Museum tomorrow?你想明天去故宫吗?
13. What time shall we meet in the morning?我们上午什么时候见面?
14. We shall be there at 9 a.m.to enjoy a full day there.
15. I'm going to show you around my hometown.我将带你四处看看我的家乡。
16. It takes about twenty minutes to get to the nearest town.
17. I'm going into town on my bicycle.我将骑自行车进城。
18. I think it is a wonderful place to live(in).我认为它是个很好的居住的地方。
19. The party was really great, wasn't it?这次晚会真的很棒,不是吗?
20. I really like the boy in the red T-shirt. 我真的喜欢那个穿红色T恤衫的男孩。
21. I'm afraid to be late.我怕迟到。
22. I sometimes go swimming in summer when it's warm and sunny.
23. How much does a bottle of orange juice cost? 一瓶橘子汁多少钱啊?
24. Let's take the exchange students to the Congqing restaurant instead!
25. I sent an e-mail to Mr Wu to say thank you because he helped us a lot.
26. That sounds great.
27. Why don't you go visit our local theatre with us?
= Why not go visit our local theatre with us?
= What about going our local theatre with us?
28. There are lots of fun and interesting things to see and to do.
29. I think thirtv of each will be enough.
30. There is nothing (=not anything) on the table now.

9. 英语七年级下册语法!全部!

楼主,您好 Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from? 一.短语: 1.be from = come from 来自于---- 2. live in 居住在--- 3. on weekends 在周末 4.write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人 5.in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国 6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14岁 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目 7.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约 8.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎 9.go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动 二.重点句式: 1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from/ 2 Where does he live? 3 What language(s) does he speak? 4 I want a pen pal in China. 5 I can speak English and a little French. 6 Please write and tell me about yourself. 7 Can you write to me soon? 8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports. 三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。 1 Canada---- Canadian---- English / French 2 France------ French------French 3 Japan------Japanese----Japanese 4 Australia----Australian----- English 5 the United States------ American---- English 6 the United Kingdom---British----- Enghish Unit 2 Where’s the post office? 一. Asking ways: (问路) 1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里? 2. Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗? 3. How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢? 4. Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗? 5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路? 二.Showing the ways: (指路) 1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。 2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。 3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。 4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。 5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形) 三.词组 1. across from ……在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面 2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市 3. between……and……在……和……之间 between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间 among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间 4. in front of……在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom. 课室前面有棵树。 in the front of……在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom. 课室内的前部有张桌子。 5. behind……在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面 6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐 on the left/right of…… 在某物的左/右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边 on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left 在我左边 7. go straight 一直走 8. down /along…… 沿着……(街道) down/along Center Street 沿着中央街 9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近 10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到…… 11. take /have a walk 散步 12. the beginning of…………的开始,前端 at the beginning of……在……的开始,前端 in the beginning 起初,一开始 13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快 我昨天玩得很开心。 I had fun yesterday. I had a good time yesterday. I enjoyed myself yesterday. 14. have a good trip 旅途愉快 15. take a taxi 坐出租车 16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家 arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing. arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank. reach +地方 17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street 横过马路 go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest 穿过树林 18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street 三.重难点解析 1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事 I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。 到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing. I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。 2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。 hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。 (从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。) 3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。 If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。 If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket. 如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。 四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对 1new—old 2 quiet--- busy 3 dirty--- clean 4 big---- small Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears? 一.重点词组 eat grass eat leaves be quiet very shy very smart very cute play with her friends kind of South Africa other animals at night in the day every day ring the day 二. 交际用语 1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever. 2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting. 3. Where are lions from? They are from South Africa. 4. What other animals do you like? I like dogs, too. Why? Because they’re friendly and clever. 5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass. 6. She’s very shy. 7. He is from Australia. 8.He sleeps ring the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves. 9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day. 10.Let’s see the pandas first. 11.They’re kind of interesting. 12.What other animals do you like? 13.Why do you want to see the lions? 三. 重点难点释义 1、kind of 有点,稍微 Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。 kind 还有“种类”的意思 如:各种各样的 all kinds of We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school. 2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲 China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。 There are many kinds of tigers in China. There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa. 3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的 它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。 The people in Cheng are very friendly. 4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起 I usually play chess with my father. 注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时, 如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后,如: My father and I usually play chess together. Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…” I often play with my pet dog. Don’t play with water! 5、day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。 通常说in the day, ring the day, at night。 Koala bears often sleep ring the day and eat leaves at night. 6、leaf n. 叶子 复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves, knife—knives等。 7、hour n. 小时;点钟 hour前边通常加上冠词an 表示“一个小时”,即:an hour。 There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour. 8、be from 来自… be from = come from Pandas are from China. = Pandas come form China. 9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修 饰,即:much meat He eats much meat every day. 10、grass n. 草,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much grass。 There is much grass on the playground. 四. 语法知识 特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“how old”、“how many”等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。 特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况: 1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如: What’s your grandfather’s telephone number? 你爷爷的电话号码是多少? Who is that boy with big eyes? 那个大眼睛的男孩是谁? Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节? When is he going to play the piano? 他什么时候弹钢琴? Where does he live? 他住在哪儿? How are you? 你好吗? How old are you? 你多大了? How many brothers and sisters do you have? 你有几个兄弟姐妹? 2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如: Who is on ty today? 今天谁值日? Which man is your teacher? 哪位男士是你的老师? 我们学过的What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。 例如: I like English. What/How about you? 我喜欢英语。你呢? What about playing basketball? 打篮球怎么样? Unit 4 I want to be an actor. 一.短语: 1 want to do sth 想要作某事 2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人 3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事 Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home. 4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事 Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home 5 in the day 在白天 6 at night 在晚上 7 talk with/ to sb 和----谈话 8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher. 9 in a hospital 在医院l 10 work/ study hard 努力工作 11 Evening Newspaper 晚报 二.重点句式及注意事项: 1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what;有三种主要句式 ① What + is / are + sb? ② What + does/ do + sb + do? ③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job? 2 People give me their money or get their money from me. 3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night. 4 I like talking to people. 5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners. 6 Where does your sister work? 7 then we have a job for you as a waiter. 8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter. 9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends? 10 We are an international school for children of 5-12. 三. 本单元中的名词复数。 1 policeman--- policemen 2 woman doctor----- women doctors 3 thief-----thieves 谢谢采纳!

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