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人教版八年级上册英语重点语法点

发布时间:2021-03-15 18:29:38

㈠ 八年级上学期英语所有的重要语法+语言点(整理)

1. be absent from…. 缺席,不在 2. absence of mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉 3. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于…近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on 4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外.Without accident(=safely) 安全地, 7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地 8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致 9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 11. on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性. 12. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去 13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由) 14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明. 15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为. 16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装) 17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 18. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉 19. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 20. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 21. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要) 22. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 23. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 24. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 25. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 26. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; 27. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地. 28. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先. 29. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地. 30. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事 31. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用. 32. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 33. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致 34. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前. 35. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中. 36. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的. 37. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计 38. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎. 39. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到. 40. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于. 41. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责. 42. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合. 43. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for 44. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 45. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力 46. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用. 47. apply to 与…有关;适用 48. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准 49. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起. 50. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做… 51. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); 52. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻 53. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信. 54. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 55. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… 56. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 57. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法 58. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果 59. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 60. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道. 61. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 62. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起. 63. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台 64. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 65. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话) 66. be based on / upon 基于 67. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上 68. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢 69. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语) 70. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义 71. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰. 72. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处. 73. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处) 74. for the better 好转 75. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过. 76. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生 77. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上 78. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作) 79. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机 80. boast of (or about) 吹嘘 81. out of breath 喘不过气来 82. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 83. in bulk 成批地,不散装的 84. take the floor 起立发言 85. on business 出差办事. 86. be busy with sth.忙于某事 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 87. last but one 倒数第二. 88. last but not least最后一点但也是最重要的一点 89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设 90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买 91. be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的 92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 93. in case (=for fear that) 万一; 94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) 96. be cautious of 谨防 97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上 98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定. 99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 101. for a change换换环境(花样等) 102. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有… 103. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管 104. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾) 105. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有… 106. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地 高考书面表达必背词组 (1) 首先,尤其重要的,最重要的 above all 偶然,无意中 by accident 对(于)…很积极 be active in 合计为 add up to 承让错误 admit one’s mistake 接受某人的建议 take / follow one’s advice 就…提出建议 give advice on 建议某人做某事 advice sb. to do sth. 后天 the day after tomorrow 毕竟;终究 after all 违心 against one’s will 在…岁时 at the age of 实现目标 achieve one’s aim 在空中;悬而未决 in the air 在户外,在露天里 in the open air 在机场 at the airport 火警 the fire alarm 满腔怒火 be filled with anger 因某人之言行而生气 be angry at sth. 生某人的气 be angry with sb. 通知 make an announcement 相继地,按顺序地 one after another 相互,彼此(三者或三者以上之间)one another 相互(指两者之间)each other 没有回答 give no answer 为…而担心 be anxious about 急于做某事 be anxious to do sth. 分开住 live apart 除了 apart from 因某事向某人认错或道歉 make/offer an apology to sb for sth. 与某人争论某事 argue with sb. about sth. 放在一边 lay sth. aside 请某人指点 / 帮助 ask sb. for advice / help 惊讶于… be astonished at sth. 以前,曾经 at one time 注意 pay attention to 对…抱正确的态度 take a correct attitude towards sth. 引起(注意,兴趣等)

㈡ 人教版八年级上英语全部知识点、语法

1.形容词和副词的比较级
(1) 一般在形容词或副词后+er
older taller longer stronger, etc
(2) 多音节词前+more
more interesting, etc.
(3) 双写最后一个字母,再+er
bigger fatter, etc.
(4) 把y变i,再+er
heavier, earlier
(5) 不规则变化:
well-better, much/many-more, etc.

2.祈使句:
Sit down please
Don’t sit down, please.

3. there be 结构
肯定句: There is a …
There are …
一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.
Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.
否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….

4.一般现在时:通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。
形式:
肯定句:
I go to school on foot every day.
She goes to school on foot every day.

5.现在进行时:形式: be + verb +ing
eg: I am(not) doing my homework.
You/We/They are(not) reading.
He/She/It is(not) eating.

动词 —ing 的形式
Most verbs +ing walk—walking
Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming
Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming

6.

重点的句型:

1.How many + 复数名词 + are there ...?

此句型是一个特殊疑问句,意思是\"在......有多少......?\"多用来对可数名词的数量提问。How many 后面要接可数名词的复数形式。如:
How many apples are there on the table? 桌子上有多少个苹果?

2.. What about ...?
此句型意思是\"......怎么样?\"、\"......呢?\",通常用来询问情况或征求意见、看法等。其中的about是介词,后面可接名词、代词或动词等。如:
What about that computer? 那台电脑怎么样?
My gloves are red. What about theirs? 我的手套是红色的,他们的呢?
What about playing games after school? 放学后做游戏怎么样?

3. What time is it?/What\'s the time?
英语中,常用这两个句型来询问现在的时间,意思是\"什么时间了?\"或\"几点了?\"其答语一般用\"It\'s + 时间.\"其中的it指代时间,翻译时可不译,常在句尾加上please,以表示委婉的语气。如:
What time is it, please? 请问现在几点了?
-It's about a quarter past ten. 大约十点十五分。

4. What colour + be + 主语?
询问某物的颜色,一般用以What colour 开头的特殊疑问句,其答语通常用\"It\'s/They\'re + 表示颜色的形容词\"。如:
-What colour is her blouse? 她的衬衫是什么颜色的?
-It's light blue. 是浅蓝色的。

5.Whose + 名词 + be + 其它?/Whose + be + 名词?
英语中常用这两个句型来询问某事物属谁所有。如:
Whose cup is that? 那是谁的杯子?
Whose are these photos? 这些照片是谁的?

6. It's time for + sth. /It's time to do sth. / It's time for sb. to do sth.
这个结构意思都是\"该做某事了\",\"到做某事的时候了\"。如:
It's time for school. 到上学的时候了。
It\'s time to have supper. 该吃晚饭了。

7. 选择疑问句:选择疑问句是用or连接询问的两部分,以供选择,答案必须是完整的句子或其省略形式,不能用Yes或No回答
一般提出两种或两种以上的可能,问对方选择哪一种.其结构可用一般疑问句,也可用特殊疑问句.供选择的两部分用or连接,前者读升调,后者读降调.
e.g. Will you go there by bus or by train?
What would you like, coffee or tea?
How many pens do you have, one or two?
选择疑问句的答语必须是完整的句子或其省略式,不能答yes或no.
e.g. Do you go to school by bus or by bike?
By bus.
Which would you like, tea or coffee? Coffee.

一般疑问句演化来的选择疑问句
e.g. Is it right or wrong?
Were you or he there?
Are they reading, chatting or watching TV?
特殊疑问句演化来的选择疑问句
e.g. Which do you like better, coffee or milk?
What color is it, red, blue or yellow?
Where are you going, to the classroom or to the library?
or not构成的选择疑问句
e.g. Do you want to buy it or not?
Are you ready or not

8.另外,“to be + going + 动词不定式”这个特殊的结构可表示在未来即将要进行的动作。
例:He is going to tell me tomorrow - 他将在明天告诉我。

练习题:
There are ____ water in the bottle.(B)瓶子里有一点水
There are ____ water in the bottle.(A)瓶子里没水了
There are ____ students in the classroom.(D)教室里有几个学生
There are ____ students in the classroom(C)教室里没有学生
There are ____ apples on the trees.(D)有几个苹果长在树上
选项统一为
A、little B、a little C、few D、a few

3. Of course,every one of us_1__to make friends like food---they are useful to us,and they can help us when we are _2__need._3__you can make as many friends of this kind as possible.
(1) A.want B.will want C.wants
(2) A.in B.on C.for D.of
(3) A.And B.But C.So D.Because

答案:CAC

4.Twenty minutes later,John_1__a tree.His leg was broken,and it hurt _2__.
Mr smith _3__to mend the chair.then he_4__himself with a hammer.
(1) A.fell over B.fell from C.fell down D.fell on
(2) A.all the day B.all day C.whole day D.all days
(3) A.starts B.started C.was starting
(4) A.damaged B.knocked C.hit D.cut

答案:BABC

㈢ 八年级人教版上册英语知识点总结

1. be absent from…. 缺席,不在

2. absence of mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉

3. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于…近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on

4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有

5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外.Without accident(=safely) 安全地,

7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地

8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致

9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地

10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据

11. on one’s own account

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益

2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责

3) (=by oneself)依靠自己

on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.

12. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去

13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.

15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.

16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

18. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

19. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理

20. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

21. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

22. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

23. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

24. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

25. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

26. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;

27. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.

28. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.

29. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.

30. have an advantage over 胜过.

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

31. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.

32. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意

33. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

34. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.

35. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.

36. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.

37. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计

38. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;

all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.

39. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.

40. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.

41. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.

42. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.

43. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for

44. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉

45. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

46. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用.

47. apply to 与…有关;适用

48. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准

49. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.

50. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…

51. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

52. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻

53. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.

54. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结

55. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…

56. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料

57. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法

58. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果

59. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均

60. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.

61. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面

62. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.

63. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台

64. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃

65. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)

66. be based on / upon 基于

67. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上

68. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢

69. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

70. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义

71. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.

72. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.

73. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)

74. for the better 好转

75. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.

76. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生

77. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

78. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)

79. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机

80. boast of (or about) 吹嘘

81. out of breath 喘不过气来

82. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之

83. in bulk 成批地,不散装的

84. take the floor 起立发言

85. on business 出差办事.

86. be busy with sth.忙于某事 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

87. last but one 倒数第二.

88. last but not least最后一点但也是最重要的一点

89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设

90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买

91. be capable of 能够, 有能力

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的

92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何

93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;

94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一

in the case of 至于…, 就…而言

95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)

96. be cautious of 谨防

97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上

98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.

99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然

101. for a change换换环境(花样等)

102. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有…

103. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)

in the charge of …由…管

104. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)

105. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…

106. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping) 昼夜不停地

高考书面表达必背词组 (1)

首先,尤其重要的,最重要的 above all
偶然,无意中 by accident
对(于)…很积极 be active in
合计为 add up to
承让错误 admit one’s mistake
接受某人的建议 take / follow one’s advice
就…提出建议 give advice on
建议某人做某事 advice sb. to do sth.
后天 the day after tomorrow
毕竟;终究 after all
违心 against one’s will
在…岁时 at the age of
实现目标 achieve one’s aim
在空中;悬而未决 in the air
在户外,在露天里 in the open air
在机场 at the airport
火警 the fire alarm
满腔怒火 be filled with anger
因某人之言行而生气 be angry at sth.
生某人的气 be angry with sb.
通知 make an announcement
相继地,按顺序地 one after another
相互,彼此(三者或三者以上之间)one another
相互(指两者之间)each other
没有回答 give no answer
为…而担心 be anxious about
急于做某事 be anxious to do sth.
分开住 live apart
除了 apart from
因某事向某人认错或道歉 make/offer an apology to sb for sth.
与某人争论某事 argue with sb. about sth.
放在一边 lay sth. aside
请某人指点 / 帮助 ask sb. for advice / help
惊讶于… be astonished at sth.
以前,曾经 at one time
注意 pay attention to
对…抱正确的态度 take a correct attitude towards sth.
引起(注意,兴趣等) attract one’s attention
仰卧/仰泳 lie / swim on one’s back
重感冒 a bad cold
两件行李 two pieces of baggage
保持/失去平衡 keep / lose one’s balance
在舞会上 at the ball
洗冷水澡 have / take a cold bath
阵亡 be killed in battle
在海滩 on the beach
整理床铺 make the bed
以…开始 begin with
在…起始,开始 at the beginning of
自始自终 from beginning to end
形成…局面;产生 come into being
安全带 a safety belt
三思而后行 Second thoughts are best.
尽力,尽最大的努力 do / try one’s best

高考书面表达必背词组 (2)

尽量利用,善用 make the best of
一切顺利,万事如意 all the best
黑体地,粗体地 in bold
出身于农民家庭 be born in a peasant’s family
鞠躬 make a bow
动动脑子 use one’s brains
打破纪录 break the record
深吸一口气 take a deep breath
屏息;憋住气 hold one’s breath
上气不接下气 out of breath
刷牙 brush one’s teeth
突然哭起来 burst into tears
突然一阵大笑 a burst of laughter
要不是 but for
呼救声 a call for help
保持镇静(别慌) keep calm
保持安静(别吵) keep quiet
保持不动(别动) keep still
保持沉默(别说话) keep silent
夏令营 a summer camp
去野营 go camping
情不自禁… can'not help doing
打牌 play cards
照顾,保管 take care of
医疗护理 medical care
假若那样的话 in that case
以防万一 in case
下倾盆大雨 rain cats and dogs
赶上(或超过) catch up with
偶然 by chance
免费 free of charge
主管,在掌管之下 in charge
由…负责 in the charge of
掌管,负责 take charge
高兴起来 cheer up
童年时 in one’s childhood
挑选,选择 make a choice
圣诞节时 at Christmas
去做礼拜 go to church
烟头 cigarette end
为…鼓掌 give sb. a clap
接近 get close to
一块桌布 a table cloth
一套衣服 a suit of clothes
童装 children’s clothing
集邮 collect stamps
产生,发生 come about
(偶然)遇见或发现 come across
走过来;长出,发芽,上升;抬头 come up
共同,共有 in common
参加比赛 compete in a contest
举办音乐会 give a concert
条件是 on condition that
祝贺某人 congratulate sb. on sth.

高考书面表达必背词组 (3)

相反地 on the contrary
失控 out of control
与…谈话;交谈 have a conversation with sb.
在…期间/过程中 in / ring the course of
被…覆盖 be covered with
因某事和某人发脾气 be cross with sb. at sth.
划掉 cross out
对…残忍 be cruel to sb.
立方米 cubic meter
对…感到好奇 be curious about sth.
对…造成巨大损害 do great damage to
处境危险 in danger
过时 out of date
在不久前,前几天 the other day
对…充耳不闻 be deaf to sth.
对付,应付 deal with
负债 in debt
还清债务 out of debt
做出决定 make a decision
做好事 do good deeds
付诸行动,生效 do the deed
直到深夜 deep into the night
沉思 deep in thought
深夜 deep into the night
毫不耽搁,立刻 without delay
迟迟未做某事 delay doing sth.
发表(演说等) deliver a speech
满足要求 meet the demands
外语系 foreign language department
百货商店 department store
难以形容 beyond description
决心做某事 be determined to do sth.
随着工业的发展 with the development of instry
献身于,致力于 devote oneself to
处于灭亡的危险中 be in danger of dying out
没作用,没影响 make no difference
做…有困难,难以… have difficulty in doing sth.
应邀赴宴 be invited to dinner
向四面八方 in all directions
做出新的发现 make a new discovery
正在讨论中 under discussion
洗盘子 wash dishes
在远方,在远处 in the distance
对…冷淡 be distant toward sb.
对…有益 do good to
做坏事,犯罪 do wrong
挨门挨户 from door to door
隔壁的 next door
下楼 go downstairs
到市区去 go downtown
缓慢前进,拖延 drag one’s feet
催人泪下 draw tears from sb.
渴望做某事 dream of doing sth.
在墙上钻孔 drill a hole in the wall

高考书面表达必背词组 (4)

赶走 drive off
使某人发狂 drive sb. mad
挣钱 earn money
谋生 earn one’s living
究竟 on earth
别着急,别紧张,放松些 take it easy
对…有很大影响 have a great effect on
努力做某事 make efforts to do sth.
鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.
量入而出;使收支相抵 make ends meet
美满的结局 a happy ending
说英语的国家 English-speaking countries
报名比赛 enter oneself for a contest
剧场的入口 the entrance to the theater
在除夕 on New Year’s Eve
虽然,即使 even if / even though
时事 current events
参加考试 have / take an examination
进行体格检查 carry out a medical examination
考试及格 pass an examination
为…树立榜样 set an example to sb.
做早操 do morning exercises
产生,成立 come into existence
摸某人的脉 feel one’s pulse
觉得想做… feel like doing sth.
伤害某人的感情 hurt one’s feelings
春节 the Spring Festival
发高烧 have a high fever
科学领域 the field of science
五十多岁时 in one’s fifties
关键人物 a key figure
填写表格 fill in the form
刹那间 in a flash
一场大洪水 a big / great flood
扫地 sweep the floor
在三层 on the third floor
三层楼的建筑 a building of three storeys
正在开花 be in flowers
放(风筝等) fly a kite
糊里糊涂 in a fog
欺骗,愚弄某人 make a fool of sb.
在山脚下 at the foot of the mountain
空军 the air force
靠武力,强行 by force
用很大力气 with great force
对外贸易 foreign trade
养成好习惯 form a good habit
碰碰运气 try one’s fortune
每四个一组(一批);四个四个地 in fours
常客 a frequent visitor
新手 a fresh hand
同…交朋友 make friends with
那时起 from then on
不时地,时常 from time to time

高考书面表达必背词组 (5)

不劳而不获。 No pains, no gains.
做游戏 play games
代沟 generation gap
开始认真(做某事) get down to sth.
陷入麻烦 get into trouble
有音乐天分 have a gift for music
用尽,耗尽,筋疲力尽 give out
朝…看了一眼 take a glance at
向人瞪眼,怒目而视 glare at
(灯,火)熄灭 go out
复习功课 go over the lesson
进了一个球 score a goal
犯语法错误 make mistakes in grammar
懂某人的意思 grasp one’s meaning
勿踏草地 keep off the grass
养成…的习惯 get into the habit of
用手 by hand
分发 hand out
一方面…另一方面… on the one hand…on the other hand
少量的 a handful of
过幸福生活 live a happy life
损害,伤害 do harm to
一个好收成 a good harvest
保持镇静 keep one’s head
身体好 in good health
记住某事 learn / know sth. by heart
紧握某物 keep a tight hold on sth.
握住;抓住 catch / take / get hold of
趾高气扬 hold one’s head high
暑假 the summer holidays
休假 on holiday
为(向)… 表示敬意;为了纪念… in honour of
对某人抱很大希望 have high hope for sb.
怀着…的希望 in the hope of doing sth.
住院 be in hospital
大约一小时 an hour or so
挨饿 go hungry
打猎 go hunting
匆匆忙忙 in a hurry
不知道 have no idea
但愿,要是…就好了 if only
给某人留下好印象 make a good impression on sb.
慢慢前进 inch one’s way forward
患难之交才是真朋友。 A friend in need is a friend indeed.
告诉某人某事 inform sb of sth
坚持要做 insist on doing
视察工厂 inspect a factory
激动人心的演讲 an inspiring speech
急需帮助 in instant need of help
打断谈话 interrupt a conversation
介绍信 a letter of introction
收到请帖 receive an invitation
邀请信 a letter of invitation
讲笑话 tell a joke

考书面表达必背词组 (6)

和某人开玩笑 play a joke with sb.
旅行 make a journey
使某人高兴的是 to one’s joy
不可以貌取人 Don’t judge a man by his looks.
初中 a junior high school
正在那时 just then
与…保持联系 keep in touch with
使…不进入… keep out of
成功的秘诀 the key to success
踢门 kick the door
踢掉鞋子 kick off one’s shoes
跪下 go down / fall on one’s knees
敲门 knock at the door
最迟,至迟 at the latest
迟早 sooner or later
哈哈大笑起来 burst into laughter
违(守)法 break / obey the law
制定一条法律 make a law
和某人开玩笑 play a joke with sb.
旅行 make a journey
使某人高兴的是 to one’s joy
不可以貌取人 Don’t judge a man by his looks.
初中 a junior high school
正在那时 just then
与…保持联系 keep in touch with
使…不进入… keep out of
成功的秘诀 the key to success
踢门 kick the door
踢掉鞋子 kick off one’s shoes
跪下 go down / fall on one’s knees
敲门 knock at the door
最迟,至迟 at the latest
迟早 sooner or later
哈哈大笑起来 burst into laughter
违(守)法 break / obey the law
制定一条法律 make a law

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