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英语八年级固定语法

发布时间:2021-03-15 17:50:48

㈠ 8年级的英语语法概念

Ⅰ. 初中英语八种时态归纳复习
时态是英语学习中一个至关重要的内容,广大初中学生在实际运用时,往往对时态总是倍感棘手,下面我们就归纳复习一下这几种时态。
一、一般现在时:
概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。
时间状语:
always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week, on Sundays, etc.
基本结构:①be动词;②行为动词
否定形式:①am/is/are+not;②此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。
一般疑问句:①把be动词放于句首;②用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。
二、一般过去时:
概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。
时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week(year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc.
基本结构:①be动词;②行为动词
否定形式:①was/were+not;②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。
一般疑问句:①was或were放于句首;②用助动词do的过去式did 提问,同时还原行为动词。
三、现在进行时:
概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。
时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.
基本结构:am/is/are+doing
否定形式:am/is/are+not+doing.
一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。
四、过去进行时:
概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。
时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。
基本结构:was/were+doing
否定形式:was/were + not + doing.
一般疑问句:把was或were放于句首。
五、现在完成时:
概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。
时间状语:recently, lately, since…for…,in the past few years, etc.
基本结构:have/has + done
否定形式:have/has + not +d one.
一般疑问句:have或has。
六、过去完成时:
概念:以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作之前完成的行为,即“过去的过去”。
时间状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month…),etc.
基本结构:had + done.
否定形式:had + not + done.
一般疑问句:had放于句首。
七、一般将来时:
概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。
时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes, by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.
基本结构:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will/shall + do.
否定形式:①was/were + not; ②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。
一般疑问句:①be放于句首;②will/shall提到句首。
八、过去将来时:
概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。
时间状语:the next day(morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.
基本结构:①was/were/going to + do;②would/should + do.
否定形式:①was/were/not + going to + do;②would/should + not + do.
一般疑问句:①was或were放于句首;②would/should 提到句首。
Ⅱ. 几种常见时态的相互转换
英语中的几种时态在一定情况下可以互相转换,以下是几种常见的转换形式:
一、一般过去时与现在完成时的转换
在现在完成时中,延续性动词能与表示一段时间的状语连用,瞬间动词却不能。但是,可用别的表达方式:①瞬间动词用于“一段时间 + ago”的一般过去时的句型中;②瞬间动词可改成与之相对应的延续性动词及短语,与一段时间连用;③瞬间动词用于“It is + 一段时间 + since + 一般过去时”的句型中,表示“自从……以来有……时间”的意思,主句一般用it is来代替It has been;④瞬间动词用于“Some time has passed since + 一般过去时”的句型中。请看:
A. He joined the League two years ago.
B. He has been in the League for two years.
C. It is two years since he joined the League.
D. Two years has passed since he joined the League.
二、一般现在时与现在进行时的转换
在一般现在时中,at加上名词表示“处于某种状态”,如at work(在工作), at school(上学、上课)等。此短语可与进行时态转换。请看:
Peter is at work, but Mike is at play.
Peter is working, but Mike is playing.
三、现在进行时与一般将来时的转换
在现在进行时态中go, come, leave, start, arrive等动词常与表示将来的时间状语连用表示将要发生的动作。如:I am coming, Mum! 意为“我就来,妈妈!”请看:
The train is leaving soon.
The train will leave soon.
四、“be going to+动词原形”与“will(shall)+动词原形”结构的转换
“be going to+动词原形”、表示打算、计划要做的事;将来时“will(shall)+动词原形”结构在书面语中,当主语为第一人称时,常用助动词shall。在口语中,所有人称都可以用will。请看:
We are going to visit the Great Wall next Sunday.
We shall visit the Great Wall next Sunday

㈡ 英语八年级上册所有的语法,固定短语,词组 重点句型 帮托了亲们

新目标英语八年级上短语归纳
Unit 1
1. go to the movies=go to the cinema 去看电影
2. look after=take care of 照顾
3. surf the Internet 上网
4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
5. go skateboarding 去划板
6. (be) in good health =(be)healthy身体健康
7. keep healthy=stay healthy=keep in good health 保持健康
8. as for至于
9. exercise=take/do exercise=play sports=do sports锻炼,做运动
10. eating habits 饮食习惯
11. the same as 与……相同
12. once a month一月一次
13. be different from 不同
14. twice a week一周两次
15. make a difference to 对什么有影响
16. how often 多久一次
17. although=though虽然
18. most of the students=most students大多数学生
19. activity survey活动调查
20. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物
21. do homework做家庭作业
22. do housework做家务事
23. junk food垃圾食物
24. be good/bad for 对……有益(害)
25. on/at weekends 在周末
26. want to do sth=would like to do sth=feel like doing sth 想做某事
27. want sb to do sth= would like sb to do sth想某人做某事
28. try to do sth 尽量做某事
a) try doing sth 试着做某
b) try one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事
29. come home from school放学回家
30. of course=certainly=sure当然
31. get good grades取得好成绩
32. help sb ( to )do sth 帮助某人做某事,
33. help sb with sth在某方面帮助某人
34. a lot of =lots of=many /much许多,大量的
Unit 2
1. have a cold =catch a cold =have got a cold 感冒
2. a sore back/throat 背(咽喉)痛
3. have a stomachache 胃痛
4. lie down and rest 躺下休息
5. see a dentist 看牙医
6. drink lots of water 多喝水
7. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶
8. a good idea 好主意.
9. stressed out 筋疲力尽
10. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式
11. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医医生
12. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和
13. too much yin 阴气太盛
14. a balanced diet饮食平衡
15. healthy/yin/yang food 健康(阴性,阳性)食品
16. at the moment = now 此刻
17. stay healthy =keep healthy =keep in good health = keep fit 保持健康
18. enjoy oneself = have a good time =have fun=have a wonderful time 玩得高兴,过得愉快
19. host family 寄宿家庭
20. conversation practice会话练习
21. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事,
like doing sth 喜欢做某事,practice doing sth. 练习做某事,
mind doing sth介意做某事,finish doing sth. 完成某事,
give up doing sth 放弃做某事, keep doing sth. 坚持做某事
can’t stand doing sth.忍不住做某事, have fun doing sth. 做某事很愉快
即:practice, mind, finish, give up, keep, can’t stand, have fun等与enjoy用法基本相似。
Unit 3
1. spend time with friends和朋友们一起度过时光
2. a sports camp 运动野营
3. How about = What about ……怎么样
4. go camping 去野营, go shopping 去买东西, go swimming 去游泳,
go boating去划船, go skating 去溜冰, go walking去散步,
go climbing 去登山, go dancing去跳舞, go hiking 去徒步远足,
go sightseeing 去观光, go bike riding 骑自行车旅行, go fishing 去钓鱼
5. do some shopping 买东西, do some washing 洗衣服,
do some cooking 作饭, do some reading读书,
do some speaking训练口语
6. how long 1)多长时间 (询问动作在时间上所延续的长度)
2)多长 (询问事物的长度)
7. show sb sth = show sth to sb.出示某物给某人看
give me the book=give the book to me 给我书,
pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我,
sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我
buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书,
make me a cake=make a cake for me给我做蛋糕
8. get back=come back回来
9. take walks=go for walks散步
10. think about 考虑
11. decide on= decide upon 决定计划
12. something different 不同的事情
13. a great/exciting vacation 一个愉快的(令人激动的)假期
14. can’t wait to do sth 等不及做某事
15. a famous movie star 著名的影星
16. ask sb about sth 向某人询问某事
17. forget to do sth 忘记要做某事
forget doing sth 忘记做过某事
Unit 4
1. get to school = arrive at school= reach school 到校
2. a bus stop公共汽车站, a train/ subway station火车(地铁站)站,
a bus station客运站, a TV station 电视台
3. take the subway 乘地铁
4. ride a bike 骑自行车
5. take the/a bus乘公共汽车
6. want to do sth.想做某事
7. take a taxi乘坐出租车
8. walk to school 步行上学
9. go in one’s car 坐(某人的)车
10. in North America 在北美
11. by bike/ bus/ subway/ car/ train乘坐……车
12. in other parts of the world在世界的其他地区
13. have a quick breakfast迅速吃早饭
14. depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠……决定
15. the early bus 早班车
16. leave for 起程(动身)前往……
17. take sb to sp 带某人到某处
18. a number of=many 许多
the number of ..….的数量
20. Doing sth takes sb some time/ money.
=It takes sb some time/money to do sth.
=sb spends some time/money (on sth).
=sb spends some time/money (in) doing sth.
=sth costs sb some time/money.
=sb pay some money for sth.
某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事
21. worry about (sth/sb) = be worried about (sb/sth)
为(某人/事)着急/担心
22. around the world= all over the world 世界各地,全世界
23. be different from 与……不同
24. how far 多远
25. the way of ……的方式
26. the way to 到……去的路
27. the mean of ……的方式
28. the meaning of ……的意思
Unit 5
1. come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会
2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午
3. study for a test为测验而学习
4. go to the doctor=see a doctor 去看医生
5. have/take a piano/guitar lesson 上一堂钢琴(吉他)课
6. much too 太,过于
7. too much 太多
8. birthday party 生日聚
9. soccer practice 足球训练
10. look for 寻找
11. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明
12. be (go) on vacation 度假
13. join sb.加入某人(的行列)
14. a football match足球比赛
15. keep quiet 保持安静, ( keep+形容词表示“保持某种状态”)
keep + (sb)+doing (使某人)不停地做某事
keep sth 保存某物,饲养某物
16. a culture club 文化俱乐部
17. “给某人打电话”的几种说法:
call sb (up), phone sb (up), phone to sb, telephone sb (up),
telephone to sb, ring sb (up), give sb a ring, give sb a phone,
make a telephone (call) to sb.
18. have to 不得不,必须
19. the day after tomorrow 后天
20. a science report 科学报告
21. come over 过来,顺便来访
22. the whole day =all the day 整天
23. geography project 地理作业
Unit 6
1. talk about 谈论
2. in some ways 在某些方面
3. more than 超过,多于
4. in common 共有,公共
5. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
6. the same as 和……一样
7. be good at =do well in 擅长于
8. (not) as…as… (不)如……一样……
9. in school = at school 在校求学;在学校
10. make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事
11. look the same 看起来一样
12. talk to/with 和……谈话
13. stop doing sth. 停止做某事
14. stop to do sth 接着做某事
15. primary school 小学
16. begin / start with 以……开始
17. end with 以……结束
18. in the middle of 在……中间
19. a swimming poor 游泳池
20. on the other hand =on the opposite 另一方面(边)
21. be good with=get on well with 和……相处得好
22. use… to do… 用……来做……
23. around China=all over China 全中国
24. after that 自那以后
Unit 7
1. milk shake 奶昔
2. turn on 打开 turn off 关
turn up 调大,调亮 turn down 调小,调暗
3. pour…into… 把……倒人
4. put…into/in... 把……放入……内
5. 2 teaspoons of relish 两茶匙调味品
6. cut up 切碎
7. add…to… 把……加入……中
8. mix up 混合在一起
9. make a banana smoothie 做香蕉奶昔
10. fruit salad 水果沙拉
11. on the top 在上面
12. need to do sth. 需要做某事
Unit 8
1. go to the aquarium 去水族馆
2. take photos 照相,拍照
3. hang out with sb. 和某人闲逛
4. win a prize获奖(金)
5. take the bus back to school乘公共汽车回学校
6. ice cream 冰激淋
7. at the end of在……的尽头
8. go for a drive开车兜风
9. sound like 听起来像……
10. thanks for doing sth. 感谢某人做了某事
11. day off 休假
12. have fun doing sth. 很高兴做某事
13. have a yard sale 进行庭院旧货出售
14. school trip 学校组织的旅行
15. in the future 将来,未来
Unit 9
1. sports stars 体育明星
2. learn to do sth.学会做某事
3. start doing(to do) sth. 开始做某事
4. have a party 举行一次聚会
5. be born 出生
6. world record 世界纪录
7. for example 例如……
8. too…to… 太……而不能……
9. a professional soccer player 一个专业的足球运动员
10. a movie star 一位影星
11. free time 空闲时间,业余时间
12. see sb. do sth.看见某人做了某事
see sb. doing sth. 看见某人在做某事
13. begin doing(to do) sth. 开始做某事
14. a skating champion 一位溜冰冠军
15.the first prize 第一名
16. the 70-year history 七十年的历史
17. the International Piano Competition 国际钢琴比赛
18. at the age of 在……(多大年龄)的时候
19. major in 主修,专研
20. take (an active) part in(积极)参加
21. because of 因为
22. the number one women’s singles player 女子单打头号选手
Unit 10
1. grow up成长
2. a basketball player 一位篮球运动员
3. a computer programmer 一位电脑程序设计师
4. take (acting)lessons 上(表演)课
5. somewhere interesting 有趣的地方
6. a part-time job 一份零工,一份兼职工作
7. a/one year or two=one or two years 一两年
8. save money 省钱;攒钱
9. make money 挣钱、赚钱
10. hold an art exhibition 举办一次艺术展览
11. at the same time 同时
12. all over the world 全世界
13. send… to… 送……到……
14. make a soccer team 组建足球队
15. foreign language 外语
16. get good grades 取得好分数(成绩)
17. make a resolution 下决心, 作计划
18. keep fit 保持健康
19. communicate with sb 与……交际;与……交流
20. leave one’s job 辞职
21. a teaching job 一份教学的工作
22. a foreign language teacher一位外语教师
23. a welcome party 欢迎晚会
我有初中全部的短语,用的话给我留言。
语法
超过字数了,发表不了太多,给你个连接
http://www.5ykj.com/Health/ba/65898.htm

㈢ 想请高手帮忙整理一下八年级英语的语法,固定搭配

去多做练习就知道了

㈣ 八年级英语语法大全

可数名词与不可数名词一.可数名词英语中的物质名词大体上可分为可数名词“最……”见课本p93语法 the +最高级 She is the tallest of all her

㈤ 八年级英语语法

呵呵 希望对你有所帮助 祝楼主进步哈
一. 知识点总结:
(一)
一般将来时
一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或者存在的状态。通常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next year, next month, next week, in 100 years等。
be going to do (动词原形)结构:表示打算、准备做的事情或者肯定要发生的事情。如:It is going to rain.
will do 结构表示将来的用法:
1. 表示预见
Do you think it will rain?
You will feel better after a good rest.
2. 表示意图
I will borrow a book from our school library tomorrow.
What will she do tomorrow?
基本构成如下:
一般疑问句构成:
(1)will+主语+do…? Will Sarah come to visit me next Sunday?
(2)there be 结构的一般疑问句:Will there + be …?
Will there be fewer trees? Yes, there will. / No, there won’t
否定句构成:will + not (won’t)+do
Sarah won’t come to visit me next Sunday.
特殊疑问句构成:
特殊疑问词+will+主语+…?What will Sarah do next Sunday?
根据例句,用will改写下列各句
例:I don’t feel well today. (be better tomorrow)
I’ll be better tomorrow.
1. Gina has six classes today. (have a lot of homework tonight)
_____________________________
2. I’m tired now. (sleep later)
_____________________________
3. My parents need a new car. (buy one soon)
_____________________________
4. We can’t leave right now. (leave a little later)
_____________________________
5. The weather is awful today. (be better tomorrow)
_____________________________
答案:1. She’ll have a lot of homework tonight.
2. I’ll sleep later.
3. They’ll buy one soon.
4. We’ll leave a little later.
5. Maybe it’ll be better tomorrow.

(二)should的用法:
should用来提出建议和忠告,后边加动词原形,否定句直接在should后边加not.
例如:I think you should eat less junk food.
我认为你应该少吃垃圾食品。
She drives a lot and she seldom walks. So I think she should walk a lot.
她经常开车,很少走路。所以我认为她应该多走路。
Students shouldn’t spend too much time playing computer games.
学生们不应当花太多的时间玩计算机游戏。
学习向别人提建议的几种句式:
(1)I think you should…
(2)Well, you could…
(3)Maybe you should …
(4)Why don’t you…?
(5)What about doing sth.?
(6)You’d better do sth.
用should或shouldn’t填空
1. I can’t sleep the night before exams.
You ______ take a warm shower before you go to bed.
2. Good friends ______ argue each other.
3. There is little milk in the glass. We _______ buy some.
4. They didn’t invite you? Maybe you ______ be friendlier.
5. I am a little bit overweight. So I think I _______ do exercises every day.
答案:1. should 2. shouldn’t 3. should 4. should 5. should

(三)
过去进行时
过去进行时表示过去某一点时间正在进行的动作或者过去某一段时间内一直进行的动作。
1. 构成
was /were + doing,例如:
I was watching TV at 9 o’clock last night.
at 9 o’clock last night是时间点
They were playing football all afternoon.
all afternoon是时间段
2. 过去进行时的标志词
at 8 o’clock last night, this time yesterday等。例如:
I was having lunch at home this time yesterday.
昨天的这个时候我正在吃午饭。
At that time she was writing a book.
那阵子她在写一本书。(表示她在那段时间里一直在做那件事情。)
用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空。
1. This time yesterday I ____ ______(read)books.
2. At 9 o’clock last Sunday they ______ ______(have)a party.
3. When I _____(come)into the classroom, she ________ ______(read)a storybook.
4. She _____ ______(play)computer games while her mother ____ ______(cook)yesterday afternoon.
5. I _____ ______(have)a shower when you _______(call)me yesterday.
答案:1. was reading 2. were having 3. came; was reading
4. was playing; was cooking 5. was having; called

(四)
间接引语
形成步骤:
(1)不要逗号,冒号,引号
(2)要考虑到人称的变化(人称的变化与汉语是一致的)
(3)要考虑时态的变化
(4)要考虑时间状语、地点状语和语示代词的变化。
1. 直接引语变成间接引语时,几个主要时态的变化规律
直接引语 间接引语
一般现在时 一般过去时
一般将来时 过去将来时
现在进行时 过去进行时
2. 直接引语变成间接引语时,一些词汇的变化规律
直接引语
1. am / is
2. are
3. have / has
4. will
5. can
6. may 间接引语
1. was
2. were
3. had
4. would
5. could
6. might
用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空。
1. She said I _____(be)hard-working.
2. Peter told me he _____(be)bored yesterday.
3. She said she _____(go)swimming last Sunday.
4. Bobby said he _____(may)call me later.
5. Antonio told me he _____(read)a book then.
答案:1. was 2. was 3. went 4. might 5. was reading

请转述他人说的话:
1. I go to the beach every Saturday. (Tom)
2. I can speak three languages. (Lucy)
3. I will call you tomorrow. (Mike)
4. I’m having a surprise party for Lana. (she)

(五)
if引导的条件状语从句
结构:if+一般现在时,主语+将来时
含义:如果……,将要……
例如:If you ask him, he will help you.
如果你请求他,他会帮助你。
If need be, we’ll work all night.
如果需要,我们就干个通宵。
根据中文提示,完成句子。
1. 如果你参加聚会,你将会过得很开心。
If you ________ the party, you __________.
2. 如果明天下雨,我们将不去野餐。
If it __________ tomorrow, we ___________.
3. 如果你经常听英文歌,你将会喜欢英语的。
If you often ________, you _________________.
答案:
1. If you go to the party, you will have a good time
2. If it rains tomorrow, we won’t go to the picnic
3. If you often listen to English songs, you’ll like English

二. 完形填空特点及解题思路
(一)题型分类与特点
完形填空试题是在给出的一篇短文中有目的地拿掉若干个词,留下一些空格,要求考生借助短文保留的部分,从所给的短文整体出发,在正确理解短文意思的基础上,根据句子和句子间的内在联系、词的用法和习惯搭配等,用适当的词或词语填空,使补全后的短文意思通顺、前后连贯、结构完整。这种题型测试的内容从形式上看是单词或短语的填空,但它必须注意到短文中上、下文意思连贯、词语搭配和语法结构正确,所以在空格上所填的词必须符合语义适用和语法正确两条原则,只考虑某一侧面都可能导致错误。中考中完形填空试题的基本题型分两类:完形填空选择题和完形填空题。
1. 完形填空选择题:该题型的特点是将一篇短文中若干词语抽掉留下空格,对每一空格提供若干个选择项,要求考生通读短文后,在理解短文意思的基础上,运用所学的词汇、句型、语法等语言知识,从所提供的备选项中选出一个最佳答案,使短文内容完整正确。中考完形填空主要以这种题型为主。它所给的短文一般与初中英语教材难易程度相当,字数在150-200个单词之内,多数设置10个左右空格,所设考点涉及词汇、语法及对短文内容的理解。短文的第一句一般不设空,以期提供一个语境,对每一空格设置的选项基本都属于相同或对等的词类,给判定选择带来一定的干扰,侧重考查了考生准确运用词汇的能力及对短文的整体理解和逻辑推理能力。
2. 选词填空题:该题型的特点是把抽出的词打乱顺序,不按原文顺序排列,放在短文前面或后面的方框内,有时还增加几个文外的词,要求考生从中选出适当的词以正确的形式填入短文空格内。
(A)
Jack wanted to ask for two days off, 1 he had only learnt the phrase (短语)“have a day off”. He 2 , then he had an idea. “Grandmother is ill. May I have a day off, 3 ? ”he asked the teacher. “Of course, you can. ”replied (答复)the teacher at once. After a while, the boy came to 4 at the teacher’s door. “May I have a day off 5 ? ”The teacher was very surprised, “Didn’t you 6 it just now? ”“Yes, sir. But I can’t be here 7 , either. ”The teacher understood him and could not help 8 . Then he said with a smile, “Why didn’t you say‘May I have two days off? ’”The boy answered quickly 9 a loud voice. “But you only 10 us‘have a day off! ’”
( )1. A. but B. and C. or D. for
( )2. A. thought hardly
B. thought hard and hard
C. hard thought
D. thought and thought
( )3. A. Miss B. sir C. teacher D. Mr
( )4. A. strike B. best C. hit D. knock
( )5. A. also B. again C. too D. once
( )6. A. speak B. tell C. say D. do
( )7. A. tomorrow
B. the day after tomorrow
C. yesterday
D. the day before yesterday
( )8. A. laugh B. to laugh C. laughed D. laughing
( )9. A. with B. on C. in D. by
( )10. A. teach B. taught C. are teaching D. were teaching

(B)
请根据内容从所给的15个单词中选出最恰当的10个填入空白处,使短文完整,有些词要根据需要作适当的词形变化。
than, so, tell, us, them, report, beause, love, composition, understand, to, that, much, for, what
A generation gap (代沟)has become a serious problem. I read a _______(1)about it in the newspaper. Some children have killed _______(2)after quarrels (争吵)with parents. I think this is _______(3)they don’t have a good talk with each other. Parents now spend _______(4)time in the office. _______(5)they don’t have much time to stay with their children. As time passes, they both feel _______(6)they don’t have the same topics(话题)to talk about. I want to _______(7)parents to be more with your children, get to know them and understand them. And for children, show your feeling _______(8)your parents. They are the people who _______(9)you. So tell them your thoughts (想法). In this way, you can have a better _______(10)of each other.

完形填空选择题的一般解题思路是:
1. 跳过空格、通读全文、把握大意。先跳过空格,通读试题所给的要完形填空的短文,获得整体印象,做到弄清文脉、抓住主旨,较好地把握短文大意。要在阅读理解短文意思的基础上才开始判定选择,切忌仓促下笔。
2. 结合选项、综合考虑、初定答案。在理解全文意思的基础上,再结合所给备选项细读全文,联系上、下文内容,注意从上、下文的语法结构和词语搭配及从选择项中寻找解题的提示,以词、句的意义为先,再从分析句子结构入手,根据短文意思、语法规则、词语固定搭配等进行综合考虑,对备选项逐一进行分析、比较和筛选,排除干扰项、初步选定答案。
3. 瞻前顾后、先易后难、各个击破。动笔时要瞻前顾后、通篇考虑、先易后难。对比较明显直接的、自己最有把握的答案先做,一下子不能确定答案的,先跳过这一空格,继续往下做,最后回过头来再集中精力解决难点。这时可结合已确定答案的选项再读一遍短文,随着对短文理解的深入,可以降低试题的难度,提高选择的正确率。
4. 复读全文、逐空验证、弥补疏漏。完成各道题选择后,把所选的答案代入原文,再把全文通读一篇,逐空认真复查。看所选定的答案是否使短文意思前后连贯、顺理成章,语法结构是否正确,是否符合习惯表达法。如发现错误答案或有疑问的,应再次推敲、反复斟酌、做出修正。
完形填空试题的一般解题思路是:
1. 跳过空格、通读短文、了解大意。解题时先跳过空格,通读完形填空的短文,了解全篇的内容和要旨。要重视首句,善于以首句的时态、语气为立足点,理清文脉,推测全文主题及大意。
2. 复读短文、确定语义、判断词形。把握短文大意后再认真复读短文,利用上下文的语境,结合所学过的知识,先确定空格处所需词语的意义,再根据空格在句子中的位置,判断其在句中充当的成分,从而确定所填词的词性,再依据词语搭配和语法规则,判断所填的词的正确形式。
3. 三读短文、上下参照、验证答案。在短文的每一空白处填上一个词后,将完成的短文再细读一遍,上下参照,连贯思考。把所填的答案放入短文中进行检验,可从上、下文内容是否协调一致、顺理成章,语法结构是否正确无误等进行综合验证,凡有疑问必须重新推敲考虑。

(三)课文阅读指导
1. 初中阅读
阅读理解能力
(1)理解主旨要义
(2)理解文中具体信息
(3)根据上下文猜测生词的意义
(4)做出简单判断的推理
(5)理解文章的基本结构
(6)理解作者的意图和态度
2. 培养良好阅读习惯
(1)扩大视距
(2)克服声读
(3)克服逐字读
3. 猜测词文
(1)通过标题或主题句进行预测
(2)文章的标题或主题句可包括作者的意图和倾向、篇章的总体意义和深层意义,因此通过文章标题或主题句进行预测,以便正确理解。
(3)通过语篇标记进行预测
(4)语篇标记包括关联词、转换词也包括其他关键词。
(5)利用背景知识预测
(6)利用图片进行预测

㈥ 八年级全册英语语法

上册
Unit 1 Will people have robots?
重点语法:一般将来时态的应用
Unit 2 What should I do?
重点语法:过去将来时态(将来时态的委婉说法)
Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
重点语法:过去进行时态
Unit 4 He said I was hard-working.
重点语法:宾语从句
Unit 5 If you go to the party, you'll have a great time!
重点语法:if 引导的条件状语从句
Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?
重点语法:现在完成进行时态
Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?
重点语法:mind [one's] doing sth. 介意(某人)做某事
Unit 8 Why don't you get her a scarf?
重点语法:询问别人为什么要做或者不做某事
Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement?
重点语法:现在完成时态
Unit 10 It's a nice day, isn't it?
重点语法:反意疑问句
希望能帮到你

㈦ 初中八年级英语所有语法

现在完成时
1.构成
现在完成时是由助动词 have(has)+动词的过去分词构成。助动词说明该谓语是属于现在时范围。它和主语的人称、数要保持一致。过去分词是主要的谓语动词,说明句子的意义。
2.用法
(1)表示动作发生在过去某个不确定的时间,但对现在留下了某种影响和结果。常被just, already, yet 等副词修饰。常与非延续性动词连用。 如:
-Have you had lunch yet? -Yes, I have. I've just had it. 你(已经)吃午饭了吗? 我刚刚吃过。(现在我不饿了)
(2)表示从过去某一时刻开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。这个动作可能刚停止,可能仍然在进行。常用延续性动词,常带有for和since(自从)等表示一段时间的状语。
如:He has taught here since 1981. 他自1981年就在这儿教书。(可能还要继续教)
I haven't seen her for four years. 我有四年没见到她了。
(3)表示说话前发生过一次或多次的动作,现在成为一种经验,一般译为汉语“过”,常带有twice, ever, never, three times等时间状语。
如: I have been to Beijing twice. 我去过北京二次。
3.结构
1)陈述句结构:主语+have( has)(not)+过去分词+其它。have not=haven’t has not= hasn’t.
2) 一般疑问句结构:Have( Has )+主语+过去分词+其它?
3) 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+have(has) +主语+ 过去分词+其它?
e.g. He has already finished his homework.
He hasn’t finished his homework yet.
Has he finished his homework yet? --Yes, he has. / No, he hasn’t. / No, not yet.
4.现在完成时的时间状语
1)现在完成时属于现在时范围,故不能和过去的时间状语连用。如: yesterday, last Sunday, in1990, three years ago等。但是,在强调动作产生的后果和影响时,可以和一些表示不确定的时间状语连用。
a. 用副词already和yet。already一般用于肯定句中,yet一般用于否定句和 疑问句中。如:We have already finished our homework.我们已完成作业了。
They haven't finished their homework yet.他们还没有完成作业。
b. 用ever 和never。多用于否定或疑问句中,表示“曾经”或“从未“等。 如:-Have you ever been to the Great Wall?你曾经去过长城吗?
-I have never been to the Great Wall.我从未去过长城。 c. 用表示到说话为止的过去时间状语,如just(刚刚), before(以前), up to now(直到现在)/ until now, in the past (few years/ three days 等), so far (迄今为止) recently 等。 例如:I have seen her before, but I can not remember where. 我以前见过她,但记不起在哪里见过。
He has been there three times the last few days. 近几年他去过那里三次了。 d.用包括“现在”在内的时间状语,如:today, this morning (month ,year, term等.例如:-Have you met him today? - No, I haven't. 今天你见过他吗?我没有。
How many times have you been there this year? 今年你去过那里多少次?
2) 现在完成时可以和带有since或for等表示“一段时间”的状语连用,表示动作或状态从某一时刻开始,一直持续到现在。如:I haven't seen him for two years. 但是,像come, arrive, buy等终止性动词不能与表示“一段时间”的状语连用。要用,必须改为“be(在)”等延续性动词来表述。现归纳总结一下由非延续性动词到延续性动词的转换:
arrive → be here begin (start) → be on die →be dead come back → be back leave → be away fall ill (sick, asleep) → be ill (sick, asleep) go out →be out finish →be over put on →wear 或be on get up →be up join →be in / be a member of… open → be open close →be closed go to school→ be a student borrow →keep buy →have catch(a cold)→ have(a cold) get to know →know begin to study → study come to work→ work
如:He has been a soldier for three years.他参军三年了。或He has been in the army for there years. 不可以说He has joined the army for there years.
His father has been dead for two years.他父亲去世二年了。(不可以说has died)
The film has been on for ten minutes.电影已开始十分钟了。(不可以说has begun)
We have studied English for three years. (不可以说have begun) 我们(开始)学英语已三年了。
5. 现在完成时和一般过去时的区别
现在完成时和一般过去时都表示在过去完成的动作。但现在完成时强调的是这一动作与现在的关系。如对现在产生的结果或影响等,而一般过去时只表示动作在过去某一时刻发生,不表示和现在的关系。试比较:
I have lost my new book. 我把新书丢了。(现在还未找到)
I lost my new book yesterday. 我昨天把新书丢了。(昨天丢的,现在找到与否没说明)
6.几点注意事项 (1)have been(to)与have gone( to)的区别:have been(to) 表示“去过某地(现在已经回来了)”,可用于各人称;have gone(to) 表示“去某地了(说话时某人不在当地)”,常用于第 三人称,前者可与once ,never, several times等连用,后者则不能。如:They have been to Beijing twice.他们去过北京两次。 He has gone to Beijing . 他去北京了。 (2)“It is或has been + 一段时间+ since引导的时间状语从句”表示“某人干某事已经多长时间了”。since从句的谓语要用非延续性动词 若动词延续,则译成相反的意思。如:It is two years since his father died. =His father has been dead for two years.他父亲去世已有三年了。 It is two years since his father lived here. 他爸爸不住这儿已有三年了。 (3)终止性动词现在完成时的否定式,已变成一种可以延续的状态,因此可以和表示一段时间的状语连用。如:I haven't left here since 1997.自从1997年以来,我一直没有离开过这儿。 (4).提问for短语或since状语用how long。
(5).完成时的否定形式与比较级连用表达最高级含义。如:
I have never seen a better film.我从未看过一部更好的电影。(这部最好)
注:否定式与比较级连用表示最高级含义不一定用于完成时态。如:
--- What about going fishing? --- I can’t agree more.(我再同意不过了哦)
.语法—直接引语变间接引语(多数情况下变为宾语 从句)
(1). 直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时,用连词that 引导(口语中可以省略引导词)宾语从句。把下列句子变为间接引语或直接引语:
a. “I’ll visit my aunt tomorrow.” Lily said. ____________________________.
b. Our teacher often say to us,” It’s important to finish your homework.”
_______________________________________________________
c. They said they would meet at 9:00 p.m. that night.
“_______________________________________.”they said.
d. Lana said that she wasn’t mad at Marcia anymore.
Lana said’”_______________________________.”
(2). 直接引语如果是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,变为由连词if 或whether引导的宾语从句。把下列句子变为间接引语或直接引语:
a. “Will you have a surprise party for me?” he asked me.
_______________________________________________
b. She asked Tom,” Can you help me?” ___________________________ c. He asked me if I knew who killed the cat.
He asked ,”__________________________________?”
(3). 直接引语如果是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,疑问词不变,宾语从句用陈述语序。把下列句子变为间接引语或直接引语:
a. The teacher asked,” Why are all the windows open?”
______________________________________________.
b. “When will you find out the time?” she asked me.
______________________________________________.
c. “What’s the matter with you, Alice?” he asked.
_____________________________________
d. They asked me where my friends were.
____________________________________________
(4).直接引语如果是肯定型祈使句,变为间接引语时,谓语变为tell sb. to do 或ask sb. to do 等句式。把下列句子变为间接引语或直接引语:
a. “Make sure the door is closed,” she said to her little son.
____________________________________________________.
b. “Tell me the news, please.” Li Hui said to me.
____________________________________________________.
c. He asked me to take care of his pet dog.
“_______________________________,” he said to me.
(5).直接引语如果是否定型祈使句,变为间接引语时,谓语变为tell sb.not to do 或ask sb. not to do等。把下列句子变为间接引语或直接引语:a. “Don’t smoke in the room,” he said to me.
________________________________________________.
b. “Don’t shout at the old man,” I said to him.________________________
c. Our teacher told us not to talk in class.
“____________________________, “ our teacher said to us.
d. My mother told me ___ others when they are in trouble.
A. not to laugh at B. don’t laugh at C. not laugh at D. never laugh at

2. if 条件句 在一般将来时的句子里(指主句),时间状语从句、条件状语从句等的谓语动词用一般现在时代替将来时。当主句含有情态动词或主句为祈使句时,从句也用一般现在时。如:You must pay for it if you lose it.

附加疑问句
附加疑问句由“陈述句 + 附加疑问句”两部分构成。一般有两种形式:前肯后否或前否后肯。对附加疑问部分应注意以下几点: 1)主语只能用人称代词;2)附加疑问句的not必须与(be /助/情)缩写;3)附加疑问句的时态必须与陈述部分的时态一致。
Tom is a worker, isn’t Tom? (改错) _______ You can swim, can not you? ( 改错) ______
特别注意以下几种反意疑问句
1.陈述部分含否定意味的词如few,little,never,nothing,nobody,no,hardly,none,seldom等时,附加疑问句应使用肯定形式;但如果陈述句部分含有un-, in-, im-, dis-等否定前缀构成的派生词时,该陈述句部分仍做肯定处理,疑问部分用否定形式。
He hardly speaks English, does he? They are unhappy, aren’t they?
2. this/that作主语时,无论是否指人,疑问部分用it;these/those用they。
This is your brother, isn’t it? Those are books,_______________?
3.陈述部分的主语如果是one, 疑问部分主语用one或he。One can’t be always young, can one/ he?
4.陈述部分的主语是everything, something, nothing, anything时,附加疑问句的主语应用it;陈述部分的主语是everybody, somebody, nobody, everyone, no one时,附加疑问句的主语应用they或he。
Everything is ready, ___________? Everyone is here, ____________?
5.陈述部分是祈使句时,附加疑问句一般用:will you? 但注意:
Let’s…(包括听者在内), 附加疑问句一般用shall we? Let us/him/me …(不包括听者在内), 附加疑问句一般用will you? Let’s go for a walk, shall we? Let him come in, will you?
6.陈述部分是there be结构时,应用be there?结构来完成。 There’s little water, _________?
7..陈述部分含that引导的宾语从句时,疑问部分通常与主句一致。但当主句陈述部分是”I / We think (believe, suppose) +宾语从句”时,附加问句应与从句一致。I’m sure + 宾语从句也是如此
1).She said I did it, _________? 2)We don’t think you are right,________?
3) I’m sure you’ll help me, ____________?
8.如果陈述部分是I am… , 附加疑问部分为aren’t I? I am older than you, __________?
9.陈述部分含had better, would like时, 疑问部分分别用hadn’t…?和wouldn’t…? You’d better go out , _______________? You’d like to go there, ____________________?
10.陈述部分是感叹句,附加问句的人称代词应与主语一致,疑问部分用否定形式。 What a kind girl, isn’t she? What a fine day, ___________?
11.the+形容词表示一类人,其附加疑问句主语用复数代词。 The poor had no right to speak at that time, did they?
12. 由neither…nor,either… or , not only…but also , both…and , not…but,…or…, …and…等连接的并列主语,附加疑问部分用复数。
Neither you nor I am wrong, are we? Both Jack and Tom went there, didn’t they?
13.当陈述部分含有have to时,附加疑问部分的助动词应根据have 的变化,分别用don’t, doesn’t, didn’t。 He has to take your advice, doesn’t he?
14.当陈述部分的主语是从句、不定式、动名词或词组时,附加疑问部分的主语通常用it。 What he said at the meeting is very important, isn’t it? Swimming in rivers is a good sport, _____________?
15.当陈述部分含有wish时,附加疑问部分的助动词用may。I wish to use your computer, may I?
16. 当陈述部分的谓语是“used to+动词原形(过去常常干某事)”时,疑问部分用“didn’t+主语”或“usedn’t +主语”。 He used to live in London, didn’t he? / usedn’t he?

㈧ 八年级英语上册人教版固定用法

这里是部分新目标八年级英语上册语法复习
1) leave的用法
1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:
When did you leave Shanghai?
你什么时候离开上海的?
2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:
Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.
下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。
3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:
Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?
你为什么要离开上海去北京?
2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用
should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如:
How should I know? 我怎么知道?
Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?
should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如:
We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。
我们在使用时要注意以下几点:
1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。
例如:
You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。
2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如:
You should go to the doctor if you feel ill.
如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。
3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:
We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。
She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。
3) What...? 与 Which...?
1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问
职业。如:
What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的?
该句相当于:
What does your father do?
What is your father's job?
Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如:
---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?
---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。
2. What...? 是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...? 是特指,
所指的事物有范围的限制。如:
What color do you like best?(所有颜色)你最喜爱什么颜色?
Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow?
你最喜爱哪一种颜色? (有特定的范围)
3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:
Which pictures are from China? 哪些图片来自中国?
4) 频度副词的位置
1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:
always(总是,一直)
usually(通常)
often(常常,经常)
sometimes(有时候)
never(从不)

2.频度副词的位置:
a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如:
David is often arrives late for school.大卫上学经常迟到。
b.放在行为动词前。如:
We usually go to school at 7:10 every day.
我们每天经常在7:10去上学。
c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如:
Sometimes I walk home, sometime I ride a bike.
有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。
3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如:
Never have I been there.我从没到过那儿。
5) every day 与 everyday
1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:
We go to school at 7:10 every day.
我们每天7:10去上学。
I decide to read English every day.
我决定每天读英语。
2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。
She watches everyday English on TV after dinner.
她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。
What's your everyday activity? 你的日常活动是什么?
6) 什么是助动词
1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的
动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,
例如:
He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。
(doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)
2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:
a. 表示时态,例如:
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
b. 表示语态,例如:
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
c. 构成疑问句,例如:
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?
Did you study English before you came here?
你来这儿之前学过英语吗?
d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:
I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。
e. 加强语气,例如:
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would
7) forget doing/to do与remember doing/to do
1.forget to do忘记要去做某事(未做);forget doing忘记做过某事(已做)
The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.
办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)
He forgot turning the light off.
他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)
Don't forget to come tomorrow.
别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)
典型例题
---- The light in the office is still on.
---- Oh,I forgot___.
A. turning it off B. turn it off
C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,
因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而
自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。
2.remember to do记得去做某事(未做);
remember doing记得做过某事(已做)
Remember to go to the post office after school.
记着放学后去趟邮局。
Don't you remember seeing the man before?
你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.
1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如:
easy, hard,difficult,interesting,impossible等:
It's very hard for him to study two languages.
对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
2.of sb的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,
如:good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。
It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
3.for 与of 的辨别方法:
用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:
You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。
He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)
9) 对两个句子的提问
新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作
法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:
句子:The boy in blue has three pens.
提问:1. Who has three pens?
2. Which boy has three pens?
3. What does the boy in blue have?
4. How many pens does the boy in blue have?
很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:
句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.
提问:1. Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
2. Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
3. What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
4. With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?
5. What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on
Sunday?
6. When does he usually go to the park with his friends?
10) so、such与不定冠词的使用
1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a/an+名词”。如:
He is so funny a boy.
Jim has so big a house.
2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a/an+形容词+名词”。如:
It is such a nice day.
That was such an interesting story.

㈨ 初二英语语法重点是什么

. 初二语法重点: 人称代词
主格: I we you she he it they
宾格: me us you her him it them
形容词性物主代词:my our your her his its their
名词性物主代词: mine ours yours hers his its theirs

2.形容词和副词的比较级
(1) 一般在形容词或副词后+er
older taller longer stronger, etc
(2) 多音节词前+more
more interesting, etc.
(3) 双写最后一个字母,再+er
bigger fatter, etc.
(4) 把y变i,再+er
heavier, earlier
(5) 不规则变化:
well-better, much/many-more, etc.

3.可数词的复数形式
Most nouns + s a book –books
Nouns ending in a consonant +y - y+ ies a story—stories
Nouns ending in s, sh, ch or x + es a glass—glasses a watch-watches
Nouns ending in o +s or +es a piano—pianos a mango—mangoes
Nouns ending in f or fe - f or fe +ves a knife –knives a shelf-shelves

4.不可数名词(单复数形式不变)
bread, rice, water ,juice etc.

5. 缩略形式
I’m = I am you’re = you are she’s = she is he’s = he is
it’s = it is who’s =who is can’t =can not isn’t=is not etc

6. a/an
a book, a peach
an egg an hour

7. Preposition:
on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind.
表示时间: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast
on Monday on 15th July On National Day
in the evening in December in winter

8. 基数词和序数词
one – first two-second twenty-twentieth

9. Some /any
I have some toys in my bedroom.
Do you have any brothers or sisters?

10. be 动词
(1) Basic form: am/are/is
(2) 肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London.
My eyes are(not) small.
My hair is(not) long.
(3)一般疑问句: Am I a Chniese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.
Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.
Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

11. there be 结构
肯定句: There is a …
There are …
一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.
Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.
否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….

12. 祈使句
Sit down please
Don’t sit down, please.

13. 现在进行时.通常用“now”.
形式: be + verb +ing
eg: I am(not) doing my homework.
You/We/They are(not) reading.
He/She/It is(not) eating.

动词 —ing 的形式
Most verbs +ing walk—walking
Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming
Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming

14 一般现在时。通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。
形式:
肯定句:
I go to school on foot every day.
She goes to school on foot every day
初二下学期要接触到得语法点:1.过去进行时;
2.using adjectives;
3.直接引语改间接引语;
4.using although and though;
5.object clauses with that after know, think, believe, etc.
6.if 的从句

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