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外研八年级下英语单元语法

发布时间:2021-03-15 16:16:53

⑴ 外研版八年级下英语语法

Unit6 Fun Cycling
Topic1 We’re going on a spring field trip
一. 重点词汇
( 一 ) 词形转换:
1.discuss(名词) discussion 2.queen(对应词) king
3.comfortable(名词) comfort 4.safely (形容词) safe (名词) safety
( 二 ) 词的辨析
1. find out / look for / find 2. cost / pay for / spend on
3. other /else 4. raise /rise
5.each /every 6.exciting / excited
(三)重点词组:
1.go on a visit to 去……旅行
2. make the decision 做决定
3.bring back 带回
4.go on a field trip 去野外旅行
5.decide on (upon) sth 对某事做出决定
6 see the sunrise 看日出
7. make a reservation 预订
8. come up with 想出(主意)
9. look forward to (doing) sth 期望
10. pay for 支付;赔偿
11. raise money 筹钱
12. book a ticket 订票
13. make a room for sb 为……订房间
14. have a wonderful time 玩得愉快
15. in the daytime 在白天
16. a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行
17.find out 查出
18. some places of interest 名胜
19. rooms with bathtub 带浴室的房间
20.a hard (soft) sleeper 硬(软)卧
21.my pleasure 不客气
二.重点句型及重点语言点
1. I have some exciting news to tell you. 我有一些激动人心的消息要告诉你们。
to tell you 是动词不定式短语, 作定语。动词不定式作定语时常放在被修饰的名词或代词之后。如: I have nothing to talk about. He has a lot of work to do.
2. Sounds great!= It sounds great! 听起来不错。
3. We will go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai. 我们将要去泰山玩两天。
go on a visit to 去参观/旅游 They went to a visit to Egypt last year.
类似有:go on a trip / go on a picnic
a two-day visit 为期两天的旅行 a two-month holiday 两个月的假期
an eighteen-year-old boy 一个18岁的男孩
4.It’s hard to say. 这很难说。To say 是动词不定式作主语,It 是形式主语。
如: It’s nice to meet you.
5. I’ll ask the airline on the phone. 我将打电话问问航空公司。同义句是:
I’ll phone and ask the airline.
6. Bring back your information to class tomorrow and we’ll decide on the best way to go on our field trip. 明天把你们查到的信息带到班上来,然后我们来决定最好的郊游方式。
bring back 带回。Please bring back your library books tomorrow.
decide on/upon sth 决定,选定 We’re trying to decide on a school.
7.It’s too far for cycling. 骑自行车去路太远了。同义句是:It’ too far to cycle there.
8.How long does it take to reach Mount Tai by…?乘……去泰山要花多长时间?
9.How much does it cost to go there ?去那里要花多少钱?
How much does a standard room cost ? 一个标准间的价格是多少?
10.We have tickets at 120 yuan for the hard sleeper and 180 yuan for the soft sleeper.
我们的票价是硬卧120元,软卧是180元。
at 意为“以……”,一般用于表示价格,年龄,速度等词的前面,for 意为“供,适合于”。I’ve got tickets at 80 yuan for The Sound of Music.
11.I’d like to book 20 tickets for the hard sleeper. 我要预订20张硬卧票。
20 tickets for the hard sleeper= 20 hard sleeper tickets
book tickets 预订票 book a room for sb/sth 为……预订房间
e.g. We want to book some rooms for 14th. 我们想预订一些14号的房间。
12.Please pay for the tickets before 5:30 p.m. 请在下午5:30之前付款。
Pay for 支付 pay for sb to do sth 付钱给某人做某事
e.g. Her parents paid for her to go to America.她的父母支付她去美国的费用.
13. I want to make a hotel reservation. 我想预订房间。
make a reservation 预订
14. We have rooms with a bathtub… 我们有带浴缸……的房间。
with 有或带着 a house with a swimming pool
a standard room with two single beds
15.It’s very common to raise money in Canadian and American schools. 在加拿大和美国的学校里筹钱是很正常的。raise money 筹钱 We can raise the money ourselves.
16.It costs each student one dollar to buy a ticket for the draw.每一个学生花一美元便可买到一张抽奖的票。
(1)each 作主语,谓语用单数 Each of the students spends one dollar buying a ticket.. (2)用于单数名词前,作定语,谓语用单数。Each student has their own e-mail address.
(3)用于复数主语后,作主语同位语,谓语用复数。They each have their own e-mail address.
17. I am looking forward to hearing from you . 我盼望收到你的来信。
Look forward to 盼望,期待 They are looking forward to solving the problem.
三.重点语法
动词不定式
(1) 动词不定式常跟这些及物动词之后,want ,refuse, forget, need , try, learn , like, agree, help, hope ,decide, begin等。可用顺口溜(要想拒绝忘记,需要努力学习,喜欢同意帮助,希望决定开始)
(2) 不定式的否定形式是在to的前面直接加not. My mother decided not to buy a computer for me.
(3) 不定式可以和疑问词who , which ,when, where ,how, what等连用。 Can you tell me what to say at the meeting ? I don’t know how to get to the station.
(4) 本topic出现的句子有:
I have some exciting news to tell you.
I want to make a hotel reservation.
It is very common to raise money in Canadian and American schools.
The best way to raise money is to sell newspapers.
I think the most exciting way is to sell flowers in the evening.
Kangkang helped us to book the train tickets.

Topic2 How about exploring the Ming Tombs ?

一、重点词汇:
(一)词形转换:
1.explore(名词) explore 2. east (形容词) eastern
3.north(形容词) northern 4. push (反义词) pull
5.sadly(形容词) sad (名词) sadness 6. crowd (形容词) crowded
(二)重点词组:
1.make a plan 拟定计划
2. make sure 确信,确保
3. come along with 和……一起来
4. at the foot of 在……的脚下
5. be surprised at 对……感到惊奇
6. be satisfied with 对……感到满意
7. out of sight 看不见
8. step on one’s toes 踩着某人的脚
9. can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事
10. spread over 分布于
11.rush out 冲出去
12.raise one’s head 抬头
13.ask sb for help 向某人求助
14.thank goodness 谢天谢地

二. 重点句型及重点语言点
1. While you were enjoying your trip, I was busy preparing for my exams.当你在旅行时, 我正忙于准备考试。
(1)be busy doing sth,/ be busy with sth 忙于做某事
I’m busy preparing for my birthday party these days.
(2)while 当……时候,引导时间状语从句。当一个动作在正在进行时,另一个动作也同时进行。While my mother was cooking , I was watching TV.
2.Would you help me plan a trip ? 请你帮我定个旅行计划好吗?
Would you 比will you 语气更加客气,委婉, 类似还有could you
Could you come along with us ?
3. They surveyed the area to make sure their tombs faced south and had mountains at the back. 他们仔细勘测了整个区域,确保这些陵墓是坐北朝南,而且在背后有群山环绕。
make sure 确信,确保 Make sure all the windows are closed before you leave.
4.It’s about two and a half hours by bike. 骑自行车大约要2个半小时。
Two and a half hours = two hours and a half
5.It’s to the east of Yongling. 它在永陵的东面。
to the +方位词+of (表示互不接壤) Japan is to the east of China.
on the +方位词+of (表示相互接壤)Fujian is on the south of Zhejang .
in the +方位词+of 表示在某一范围内的地区 Beijing is in the north of China.
6.They walked into Dingling and were surprised at the wonders. 他们走进定陵,对那里的奇观感到很惊奇。
be surprised at 对……感到很惊奇 He is surprised at dragons.
be surprised to do sth 惊奇地做某事 She was surprised to find she was lost.
7.…so they had to look for space to park their bikes 他们不得不寻找停自行车的地方
space 空间 Can you make space for this old man ?
8. While the crowd was pushing him in different directions, someone stepped on his toes.
当人群从四面八方挤来时,有人踩了他的脚。
in one’s direction 朝着某人的方向 step on one’s toes踩了某人的脚
step on sth 踩某物 Don’t step on the flowers and grass.
9.When he finally rushed out of the crowd, he noticed his friends were both out of sight.
当他最后冲出人群时,他注意到他的两个朋友都不见了。
notice sb do sth 注意某人做了某事 notice sb doing sth注意某人正在做某事
10. As soon as the three boys saw each other, they all jumped up happily.
三个男孩一见面,就高兴得跳了起来。
as soon as 引导时间状语从句 意为“一……就”
He left as soon as he heard the news.
I’ll tell him as soon as I see him.
11.He didn’t raise his head until someone called his name. 直到有人喊他的名字,他才抬起头。 not …until 直到……才
12.They were so lovely that we couldn’t help playing with them.
它们太可爱了,我们禁不住和它们一起玩。
can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 When I heard the funny news, I couldn’t help laughing.
13. I am satisfied with everything in China. 我对在中国的一切感到满意。]
be satisfied with 对……感到满意 He is satisfied with my work.
14.. We even asked the guard for help. 我们甚至向保安寻求帮助。
ask sb for help 向某人求助 The lost boy asked the police for help.
三.重点语法 时间状语从句
1。引导词:
(1) when, while , as 当……时候. when 后可跟短暂性动词也可跟延续性动词;while 后跟延续性动词;as 多用于口语,强调同一时间,或一前一后。
The students were talking in the classroom when the teacher came in.
= While the students were talking in the classroom , the teacher came in. 学生在教室里谈话时,老师进来了。
Mother always sings as she cooks dinner for us. 妈妈总是边给我们做饭边唱歌。
(2)not … until 直到……才,主句谓语动词常用短暂性动词。
I won’t leave here until the rain stops.
He didn’t sleep until his mother came back home.
(3) after 在……之后,before 在……之前,as soon as 一……就
I went to sleep after I finished my homework..= I finished my homework before I went to sleep.
As soon as the bell rings , the students will go into the classroom.
2. 时态
(1)当主句为一般过去时时,从句常用过去的某种时态。
While I was doing my homework , the telephone rang.
(2)当主句的时态为一般将来时, 从句用一般现在时。
I will call you as soon as I get to Beijing.
本topic出现的句子有:
1.While you were enjoying your trip, I was busy preparing for my exams.
2.He didn’t raise his head until someone called his name.
3.While the crowd was pushing him in different directions, someone stepped on his toes.
.4. As soon as the three boys saw each other, they all jumped up happily.
5.After they rode their bikes for two and a half hours, Kangkanf , Michael and Darren arrived at the Ming Tombs.
6.As they were exploring happily, the crowd became larger and larger.

Topic3 Bicycles are popular with people
一、重点词汇:
(一)词形转换:
1. death (动词) die (形容词 )dead 2 slow (副词) slowly
3.crossing(动词)cross 介词) across 4. success(动词)succeed (形容词successful
5.Pain (形容词) painful 6. lead (名词) leader
7.final (副词) finally 8impossible (反义词) possible
9 courage (动词) encourage
(二)重点词组:
1.Slow down 减速
2. run into 撞到
3. avoid doing sth 避免 防止做某事
4. warn sb to do sth 警告/提醒某人做某事
5. ride into 进入 跻身于
6 get used to (doing) 习惯于做某事
7. a sharp turn 急转弯
8. be popular with 受……的欢迎
9. get a fine 处以罚金
10. go on doing sth 继续做某事
11. the way to success 成功之路
12. obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则
13.break the traffic rules 违反交通规则
14. be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事
15.be famous for 因……闻名
16. be in danger 处于危险中
17.after a while 一会儿
二. 重点句型及重点语言点
1.I think traffic in Beijing is crazy. 我认为北京的交通很拥堵。
traffic 是不可数名词
2. If people obey the traffic rules , there will be fewer accidents. 如果人们都遵守交通规则,交通事故将会减少。
If we break the traffic rules, it will be dangerous and we will get a fine.如果人们违反交通规则,将很危险,我们会受到处罚的。
这是if 引导条件状语从句,主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时。
3.I feel a little more confident. 我感到自信多了。
more confident 是比较级
4. It can help us save energy and avoid pollution. 这样可以节约能源以及避免空气污染。 avoid sth / doing sth 避免做某事
You should avoid making the mistake like that.
He ran into the wall to avoid hitting the truck.
5.Bicycles are popular with people. 自行车深受人们欢迎。
Be popular with 受……欢迎
6 It warns us to be more careful. Warn sb (not)to do sth 警告/提醒某人做某事
He warned her to keep silence. Warn sb about sth 提醒某人某事
7.Most people think bicycles are much safer than any other vehicle.大部分人认为自行车比其他交通工具要安全些。
8..However, his way to success didn’t go well. 然而,他的成功之路并非一帆风顺。
The way to success 成功之路 success in doing sth 在……成功
I didn’t have much success in finding a job. 我找工作没什么结果。
9.Like the other challenges in his life, Lance faced it head-on. 像面对生命中其他挑战一样,兰斯迎头面对。
10.It seems impossible to beat him. 打败他似乎是不可能的。
beat sb 打败某人 win a game /match/ a gold medal
It seems +adj+to do sth 做某事似乎……
She always seems to be sad.
三.重点语法 条件状语从句
1.条件状语从句由if(如果),unless(除非)等 引导的,谓语动词常用一般现在时表示将来,主句用一般将来时。
主句 if从句
Will (must, should, may) 一般现在时
如:I won’t go if he doesn’t go .
We will pass the exam if we study hard.
We won’t pass the exam unless we study hard..
2. 祈使句+and/or 引导的结果句,祈使句在意义上相当于条件状语从句。
如:Hurry up, or you’ll be late.= If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late.=You’ll be late unless you hurry up.
Study hard, and you will pass the exam.= If you study hard, you will pass the exam.

⑵ 外研版英语初二下册语法

MODULE 1

tidy up

take up

all the time

be interested in

as well as

such as

come out

as a result

have a collection of

at the end of

give an interview

make sb. do

let sb. do

spend on + n.

spend (in) doing

one of + pl.

some of + pl.

MODULE 2

hold the line

right now

whether…or not

in fact

a couple of

feel like

by the way

primary school

junior high school

senior high school

far away

be afraid to do

worry about

be worried about

at that mement

day by day

be different from

hear sb. do

hear sb.doing

see sb. do

see sb.doing

make friends with

as usual

remember to do

remember doing

forget to do

forget doing

smile at

laugh at

MODULE 3

look out (for)

Don’t mention it

look down

ask for jobs

close down

thank you for doing

stop to do

stop doing

join sb.(宾格)

hate doing

be far (away) from

be close to

It seems that…

learn about

look out of the window

in front of

in/at the front of

do a sound check

MODULE 4

video camera

turn on

turn off

come on

save one’s life

borrow…from…

lend… to…

play back

wait for

It’s +adj.+to do

take a photo of

MODULE 5

be able to

all together

take off

at least

pocket money

after all

help sb. (to) do

help sb.with sth.

hurrp up

play a solo

rather you than me

warn sb not to do

be proud of

send away

refuse to do

offer to do

tell the truth

be angry with sb.
只找到词组,不好意思啦

⑶ 初二下外研社英语词组(M3) 搞清楚、弄明白

make certain
Find out
make sure
make clear
figure out

⑷ 初中英语外研社版8年级下册学习重点及语法知识

a series of 一系列,一连串
above all 首先,尤其是
after all 毕竟,究竟
ahead of 在...之前
ahead of time 提前
all at once 突然,同时
all but 几乎;除了...都
all of a sudden 突然
all over 遍及
all over again 再一次,重新
all the time 一直,始终
all the same 仍然,照样的
as regards 关于,至于
anything but 根本不
as a matter of fact 实际上
apart from 除...外(有/无)
as a rule 通常,照例
as a result(of) 因此,由于
as far as ...be concerned 就...而言
as far as 远至,到...程度
as for 至于,关于
as follows 如下
as if 好像,仿怫
as good as 和...几乎一样
as usual 像平常一样,照例
as to 至于,关于
all right 令人满意的;可以
as well 同样,也,还
as well as 除...外(也),即...又
aside from 除...外(还有)
at a loss 茫然,不知所措
at a time 一次,每次
at all 丝毫(不),一点也不
at all costs 不惜一切代价
at all events 不管怎样,无论如何
at all times 随时,总是
at any rate 无论如何,至少
at best 充其量,至多
at first 最初,起先
at first sight 乍一看,初看起来
at hand 在手边,在附近
at heart 内心里,本质上
at home 在家,在国内
at intervals 不时,每隔...
at large 大多数,未被捕获的
at least 至少
at last 终于
at length 最终,终于
at most 至多,不超过
at no time 从不,决不
by accident 偶然
at one time 曾经,一度;同时
at present 目前,现在
at sb's disposal 任...处理
at the cost of 以...为代价
at the mercy of 任凭...摆布
at the moment 此刻,目前
at this rate 照此速度
at times 有时,间或
back and forth 来回地,反复地
back of 在...后面
before long 不久以后
beside point 离题的,不相干的
beyond question 毫无疑问
by air 通过航空途径
by all means 尽一切办法,务必
by and by 不久,迟早
by chance 偶然,碰巧
by far 最,...得多
by hand 用手,用体力
by itself 自动地,独自地
by means of 用,依靠
by mistake 错误地,无意地
by no means 决不,并没有
by oneself 单独地,独自地
by reason of 由于
by the way 顺便说说
by virtue of 借助,由于
by way of 经由,通过...方法
e to 由于,因为
each other 互相
even if/though 即使,虽然
ever so 非常,极其
every now and then 时而,偶尔
every other 每隔一个的
except for 除了...外
face to face 面对面地
far from 远非,远离
for ever 永远
for good 永久地
for the better 好转
for the moment 暂时,目前
for the present 暂时,目前
for the sake of 为了,为了...的利益
for the time being 暂时,眼下
from time to time 有时,不时
hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联
head on 迎面地,正面的
heart and soul 全心全意地
how about ...怎么样
in a hurry 匆忙,急于
in case of 假如,防备
in a moment 立刻,一会儿
in a sense 从某种意义上说
in a way 在某种程度上
in a word 简言之,总之
in accordance with 与...一致,按照
in addition 另外,加之
in addition to 除...之外(还)
in advance 预先,事先
in all 总共,合计
in any case 无论如何
in any event 无论如何
in brief 简单地说
in charge of 负责,总管
in common 共用的,共有的
in consequence(of) 因此;由于
in debt 欠债,欠情
in detail 详细地
in difficulty 处境困难
in effect 实际上,事实上
in general 一般来说,大体上
in favor of 支持,赞成
in front of 面对,在...前
in half 成两半
in hand 在进行中,待办理
in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念
in itself 本质上,就其本身而言
in line with 与...一致
in memory of 纪念
in no case 决不
in no time 立即,马上
in no way 决不
in order 按顺序,按次序
in other words 换句话说
in part 部分地
in particular 特别,尤其
in person 亲自,本人
in place 在合适的位置
in place of 代替,取代,交换
in practice 在实践中,实际上
in proportion to 与...成比例
in public 公开地,当众
in quantity 大量
in question 正在谈论的
in regard to 关于,至于
in relation to 关于,涉及
in return 作为报答/回报/交换
in return for 作为对...报答
in short 简言之,总之
in sight 被见到;在望
in spite of 尽管
in step 齐步,合拍
in step with 与...一致/协调
in tears 流着泪,在哭着
in the course of 在...期间/过程中
in the distance 在远处
in the end 最后,终于
in the event of 如果...发生,万一
in the face of 即使;在...面前
in the first place 首先
in the future 在未来
in the least 丝毫,一点
in (the)light of 鉴于,由于
in the way 挡道
in the world 究竟,到底
in time 及时
in touch 联系,接触
in turn 依次,轮流;转而
in vain 徒劳,白费力
instead of 代替,而不是
just now 眼下;刚才
little by little 逐渐地
lots of 许多
many a 许多
more or less 或多或少,有点
next door 隔壁的,在隔壁
no doubt 无疑地
no less than 不少于...;不亚于...
no longer 不再
no more 不再
no more than 至多,同...一样不
none other than 不是别的,正是
on one's guard 警惕,提防
nothing but 只有,只不过
now and then 时而,偶尔
off and on 断断续续,间歇地
off ty 下班
on a large/small scale 大/小规模地
on account of 由于
on(an/the) average 平均,通常
on behalf of 代表
on board 在船(车/飞机)上
on business 因公
on condition that 如果
on ty 上班,值班
on earth 究竟,到底
on fire 起火着火
on foot 步行,
on guard 站岗,值班
on hand 在场,在手边
on occasion(s) 有时,间或
on one's own 独立,独自
on purpose 故意地
on sale 出售,廉价出售
on schele 按时间表,准时
on second thoughts 经重新考虑
on the contrary 正相反
on the grounds of 根据,以...为由
on (the) one hand 一方面
on the other hand 另一方面
on the point of 即将...的时刻
on the road 在旅途中
on the side 作为兼职/副 业
on the spot 在场;马上
on the whole 总的来说,大体上
on time 准时
once again 再一次
once(and)for all 一劳永逸地
once in a while 偶尔
once more 再一次
once upon a time 从前
one another 相互
or else 否则,要不然
or so 大约,左右
other than 非;除了
out of 从...中;由于;缺乏
out of breath 喘不过气来
out of control 失去控制
out of date 过时的
out of doors 在户外
out of order 出故障的
out of place 不适当的
out of practice 久不练习,荒疏
out of sight 看不见,在视野外
out of the question 毫无可能的
out of touch 不联系,不接触
over and over(again) 一再地,再三地
prior at 在...之前
quite a few 相当多,不少
rather than 不是...(而是)
regardless of 不顾,不惜
right away 立即,马上
side by side 肩并肩,一起
so far 迄今为止
sooner or later 迟早,早晚
step by step 逐步地
such as 例如,诸如
thanks to 由于,多亏
that is (to say) 就是说,即
to the point 切中要害,切题
under control 处于控制之下
under the circumstances 这种情况下
up to date 在进行中
up to 多达;直到;胜任;取决于
what if 切合目前情况的
what about 怎么样
with respect to 如果...将怎么样
with regard to 关于,至于
without question 关于,至于,
with the exception of 除...之外
without question 毫无疑问
word for word 逐字的
回答者: 264867 - 秀才 二级 3-24 19:23
a series of 一系列,一连串
above all 首先,尤其是
after all 毕竟,究竟
ahead of 在...之前
ahead of time 提前
all at once 突然,同时
all but 几乎;除了...都
all of a sudden 突然
all over 遍及
其他的忘了
回答者: KITTY_WWY - 见习魔法师 二级 3-25 15:16
仁爱八年级英语下册
Unit 5 Topic 1
How are you doing?=How are you?
你好吗?
want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
say thanks/hello/goodbye to sb.
对……说谢谢/你好/再见
look happy /tired看起来很开心/累
smiling faces 满脸笑容
one of my favorite 我最喜爱的……之一
be /feel disappointed /proud/ lonely
感到失望/自豪/孤独
a ticket to...一张…的票
wish to do sth.希望做某事
set a table for...为……摆放餐具
have a temperature=have a fever 发烧
be able to do sth. 能做某事
sound worried 听起来焦急
ring up 打电话
care for= look after=take care of 照顾
become angry =be angry生气
cheer up 使……振作/高兴起来
at first 起初
play the role of 扮演……角色
be on 上演,放映
be with 在一起
on the night of 在……的夜晚
fall into 落入
in the end=at last 最后

go mad 发疯
come into being 形成,诞生
be full of 充满……
be popular with 受……喜爱
make peace 制造和平
end with 以…….结束
begin with以……开始
Topic 2
do badly/well in 在……方面差/好
have a talk with sb. = talk with sb.
与某人谈话
be worried about 为……担忧.
be strict with sb.…对某人严格要求 be strict about sth.…对某事严格要求
be patient with对……耐心
explain …to 向……解释
over and over again 反复地,一再
be pleased with/ about / at sb.
对某人感到满意
be bored with 对……感到讨厌
be tired of 对……感到疲惫
be mad at对……感到气愤
be glad about对……感到高兴
be angry with sb. 因某人而生气
be angry at / about sth. 因某事而生气
be anxious about / at sth.对某事感到焦急
wait in line “排队等候”= wait in a queue
pass the exam 通过考试
get/ask/tell sb. to do sth
使(让,叫)某人做某事;
let/ make/ have sb. do sth.
使(让,叫)某人做某事
because of (doing) sth因为
at one’s age 在某人的年龄时
eat less high-energy food 少吃高能量的品
calm down 冷静,镇静
have bad experiences 有不好的经历
in one’s teens 在某人十几岁时
happen to sb 发生在某人身上
It is said...据说
give sb a hand 帮助某人=do sb.a favor
get/be used to (doing)sth 习惯于做某事
be/make friends with 与……交朋友
join in 参加(活动)=take part in
fit in 被他人接受,相处融洽
give best wishes to sb.
向某人致以最美好的祝愿
deal with处理,处置
all the time 一直
fail to pass an exam=fail an exam
考试不及格
refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事
argue with sb与某人争吵
stop doing sth停止做某事
stop to do sth停下来去做某事
have a normal life过正常的生活
Topic3
sound terrible 听起来可怕
let/ make/ have sb. do sth.
使(让,叫)某人做某事
be sorry about 对……感到难过
过你的病
be afraid of (doing) sth / be afraid to do sth./ be afraid that……
害怕…… 担心……
understand.你要是不懂,尽管来问
I’m afraid……恐怕……很遗憾……
get well 康复
be worried about 为……担忧.
at the end of
在……最后,在……尽头(末端)
the month.我很担心月底的考试
make sb./sth. +形容词/ 名词“使…….”
Take it easy.= Don’t worry.
别紧张,别着急
take turns to do sth. 轮流做某事
help sb.with sth.帮助某人复习/学习…
learn by oneself =teach oneself 自学
What/How about (doing) sth.…怎么样
let sb.do sth.让某人做某事
instead of (doing)sth.=in place of
代替(做)某事
take good care of yourself 好好照顾你自己
hope to do sth. 希望做某事
come back to返回……
advise sb.to do sth. 建议某人做某事 advice 是不可数名词
a piece of advice 一个建议
be happy for…因……而开心
be bad/ good for对…有害\益
(be) in a good/bad mood
处在好/ 糟糕心情中
in good health 健康状况良好
try to do sth. 设法做某事
smile at life 笑对生活
give a surprise to sb. =give sb. a surprise
给某人一个惊喜
put on 上演,放映
put on a short play上演一出短剧
at the English corner 英语角
prepare for 为…准备
calm down 镇静
on the way to+ 名词;
on the way+副词 在……路上
On the /his way to school. 在他上学的路上
take part in参加(活动)
give a speech=give speeches 做演讲
in front of 在……前面
make sb. happy 使某人开心
make sb. feel sad使某人感到悲伤
on Mid-autumn Festival 在中秋节
the full moon 满月
in the sky 在天空
get together with sb. 与某人聚在一起
feel lonely感到寂寞/孤独
be full of 装满,充满
fill…with…用把装满,
be filled with….被装满
change one’s feelings 改变某人的感受
fall asleep 入睡
some day 总有一天
affect one’s moods 影响某人情绪
have unhappy thoughts 产生不开心的恋头
try out 试用,试验 try on 试穿
be in a good mood 处在一个好心情中
take care of sb.=look after照顾某人
do in good spirits
处在良好的精神状态中做某事
take time to do sth 花时间做某事
remember to do sth 记住去做某事 remember doing sth.记住做过某事
talk with sb. 与某人谈话
tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人某事
get help from 从某人那得到帮助
make important decisions制定重要的决定
think over仔细考虑
get back to sth. 恢复到……
watch TV看电视
be late for (doing) sth. 做……迟了
get along / on (good)with 与……相处(好)
had better do sth.最好做……
had better not do sth. 最好不做……
decide to do sth. 决定做某事
Unit 6 Topic 1
去春/郊游
go on a spring trip= go on a field trip
去什么地方参观/旅游 go on a visit to sw.
泰山两日游
go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai
做决定 make the decision
决定 decide on/upon sth.
到达那的最好方式
The best way to get there .
到达那的最佳时间
The best time to get there .
找出,查明 find out
一些信息 some information
乘……的费用
the cost to go by …=the cost by…
我想做…… I’d love to do…
问航空公司 ask the airline
打电话on the phone
带回---到--- bring back…to…
北京火车站 Beijing Railway Station
我想做…… I’d like to do …I would like to do=I’d love to do…
订票book tickets
为某人/某物订房间
book a room for sb./sth.
硬卧 the hard sleeper
软卧 the soft sleeper
预定 make a reservation
20张硬卧票 20 tickets for the hard sleeper = 20 hard sleeper train tickets
双人间 a room with two single beds
单人间 a room with a single bed
一间标准房 a standard room
算出 work out
总价格 total cost / price
筹款 raise money
想出,产生,赶上 come up with
筹钱的途径 the ways to raise money
想出(主意),找到答案 come up with
在中午 at noon
在校门口 at the school gate
许多名胜古
many interesting places=many places of interest
立刻 , 马上 right now=at once
期望做某事 look forward to (doing) sth

Topic 2
收到某人的来信 hear from
at the foot of--- 在---脚下
have a rest 休息
plan to do sth. 计划做某事
look at 看一看, 瞧
look at the night scene 看夜景
have a wonderful / good/ nice/ great / time = enjoy oneself= have fun 玩得高兴
get to =arrive in / at = reach 到达
last week 上星期
the sea of clouds 云海
in the daytime = in the day 在白天
have a big dinner 吃大餐
a local restaurant 一家当地的餐馆
places of interest 名胜古迹
收到某人的来信
receive one’s letter = hear from sb.
忙于做某事 be busy doing sth.
进行be on 我在度假I am on vacation.
的确,当然 You bet.=Yes , of course.
在40分之后 forty minutes later
after, in, later 在...之后
①in + 一段时间(用于一般将来时)
②after + 一段时间(用于一般过去时)
③after + 一点时间(常用于一般将来时)
④时间 + later
期望做某事 look forward to (doing) sth.
at the foot of--- 在---脚下
spread over 蔓延,拖延
40 km2=40 square kilometers
the beginning of ……的开端
on both sides of 在……的两边
in the old days 在过去, 在古代
start do sth. =begin to do sth 开始做某事
make sure 确信
by the way 顺便问一下
two and a half hours 两个半小时
tell sth. from sth. 辨别…. the peace of country 祥和
high prestige 崇高威望
to the east of …
在…的….面(指……范围外)
in the east of
在….的….部(指……范围内)
on the east of 在…的东面(指……接壤) two and a half hours 两个半小时
arrive at /in = get to =reach 到达
the parking lot 停车场
look for 寻找
look for space to park bikes
寻找停车的空地
be surprised at 对……感到惊奇
take out 拿出
take pictures/ phones照相
in different directions 以不同方向
step on 踏, 踩
rush out of 冲出
out of sight 看不见, 在视野之外
so …that+句子
如此……以致……(引导结果状语从句)
so that 以便, 为了(引导目的状语从句)
not…until…
直到……才……(引导时间状语从句)
each other 互相
as soon as
一…….就……(引导时间状语从句)
be famous for 以……著名
can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
write to sb.写信给某人
be satisfied with 对……感到满意
e-mail sb. 发邮件给某人
pay attention to 注意
get off 下(车,马等)
get on 上(车,马等)
stand for 象征
the peace of the country 祥和
have lunch / breakfast / supper
吃午饭/早饭/晚饭
shout at 对……喊
have fun doing sth. 高兴做某事
look for 寻找
here and there 到处
ask sb. for help 寻求某人的帮助
Thank goodness! 谢天谢地

⑸ 外研社八年级英语下册九模块语法

状语从句主要用来修饰主句或主句的谓语。一般可分为九大类,分别表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、条件、让步、比较和方式。尽管种类较多,但由于状语从句与汉语结构和用法相似,所以理解和掌握它并不难。状语从句的关键是要掌握引导不同状语从句的常用连接词和特殊的连接词即考点。 现分别列举如下:
1、时间状语从句
常用引导词:when, as, while, as soon as, while, before, after, since , till, until
特殊引导词:the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day,the instant, immediately , directly, no sooner … than, hardly …when, scarcely … when
I didn't realize how special my mother was until I became an alt.
While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking.
The children ran away from the orchard(果园) the moment they saw the guard.
No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain.
Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble.
2、地点状语从句
常用引导词:where
特殊引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere
Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories.
Wherever you go, you should work hard.
3、原因状语从句
常用引导词:because, since, as, for
特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that, considering that, as much as, so much as
My friends dislike me because I'm handsome and successful.
Now that everybody has come, let's begin our conference.
The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more.
Considering that he is no more than 12 years old, his height of 1.80 m is quite remarkable.
4、目的状语从句
常用引导词:so that, in order that
特殊引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that
The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them.
The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly.
5、结果状语从句
常用引导词:so that, so… that, such … that,
特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that,
He got up so early that he caught the first bus.
It's such a good chance that we must not miss it.
To such an degree was he excited that he couldn't sleep last night.
6、条件状语从句
常用引导词:if, unless,
特殊引导词:as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, suppose that, in case that, on condition that
We'll start our project if the president agrees.
You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying.
Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here.
7、让步状语从句
常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though
特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while ( 一般用在句首 ),no matter …, in spite of the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever
Much as I respect him, I can't agree to his proposal.
尽管我很尊敬他, 我却不同意他的建议。
The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough.
No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind.
He won't listen whatever you may say.
8、比较状语从句
常用引导词:as(同级比较), than(不同程度的比较)
特殊引导词:the more … the more … ; just as …, so…; A is to B what /as X is to Y; no … more than; not A so much as B
She is as bad-tempered as her mother.
The house is three times as big as ours.
The more you exercise, the healthier you will be.
Food is to men what oil is to machine. 食物之于人,犹如油之于机器。
9、方式状语从句
常用引导词:as, as if, how
特殊引导词:the way
When in Rome, do as the Roman do.
She behaved as if she were the boss.
Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us.
参考资料:http://bj.xdf.cn/publish/portal24/tab13076/info640841.htm

⑹ 外研版初二下册英语语法知识总结,快啊,1~5模块的就够了,多多益善啊,就要考试了,呵呵,好的高分哦!

http://wenku..com/view/cfb48a9b51e79b89680226c1.html

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