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八上英语一般将来时语法

发布时间:2021-03-15 16:01:58

❶ 英语语法一般将来时

will/shall do 纯将抄来
be going to do 打算
be about to do 就要发生
be to do 计划
be doing 进行时表将来
老师祝你学习进步!
望采纳,多谢!^_^

❷ 人教版八年级英语上册一般将来时英语作文一篇

一般将来时:be going to , will ... , shall ..., be to do sth , be about to do sth .... 一、 will / shall + 动词原形 这种方法单纯的表示将来某个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态。一般将来时常用的时间状语: tomorrow, the day after tomorrow , next year , till the weekend , in an hour , after that , next week , from now on , in the future Will 用于各种人称, shall 只用于第一人称, 例如: I will / shall go to visit him next week . What time shall we go there tomorrow ?

范文:This Sunday, I am going to watch a football match with Jack. As the match will begin at three o'clock in the afternoon, Jack is going to meet me at my house at two o'clock. Then we are going to take a bus to the stadium. The journey will take about half an hour. After that, we are going to buy some snacks in the snack shop outside the stadium. I think I am going to have an enjoyable day.
这个星期天,我会与杰克去观看一场足球比赛。由於比赛将於当日下午三时举行,杰克会在下午2时到我家跟我会合。然后我们会乘巴士到体育场。全程行车需时约半小时。下车后,我们打算在体育场外的小吃店买一些零食才入场。我相信我会有一个愉快的星期天。

❸ 求文档: 八年级英语上册一般将来时的用法专练

初中英语语法—一般将来时详解和习题

英语网 - 少儿英语专家 作者:佚名 文章来源:转载 点击数:1383 更新时间:2009-3-23 17:37:42
一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态以及计划、打算做某事。E.g. They will have a football match tomorrow. He will be thirty next week. She is going to buy a coat this afternoon.
其结构有如下几种: 1)will + 动词原形(will可以用于任何人称) 需要注意的是当主语是第一人称时will可以换成shall,特别是在以I或we作主语的问句中,一般用shall. e.g. Shall we go to the zoo? 2)be going to +动词原形 3)现在进行时也可表示将来,前边已经讲过,这里不在重复.

第一种结构的句式变化是: 变否定句在will后边加not. 变一般疑问句把will提前. e.g. She will be back in three days. She will not be back in three days. Will She be back in three days? 第二种结构的句式变化要在be上做文章. E.g. They are going to clean their classroom. They are not going to clean their classroom. Are they going to clean their classroom?

其时间状语有如下几种 1)this引导的短语 如 this year 2)tomorrow及其相关短语如tomorrow morning 3)next引导的短语 如 next month 4) from now on ; in the future ; in an hour 等。

学生常见错误如下:

一、易忽视动词用原形形式

例:1 He will is (be) at school next Monday.

2 He is going to does (do) his homework after school.

答案:1 be 2 do

解析:第一题有的同学一看he做主语就用了is,忽视了will后应加动词原形。我们在写句子时,很容易把动词丢掉,“英语句子里,动词不能少”的规律必须要牢记。第二题中to后加动词原形,而不是用单三人称.。

二、be going to +动词原形与will+动词原形用法不清楚

例:我正努力学习,准备参加英语考试。

I am studying hard and I will try for my English exams.

答案:I am studying hard and I am going to try for my English exams.

解析:“be going to” 表示计划、打算要做某事。E.g. He is going to visit his friends. 还表示某种迹象表明会发生某事.e.g. Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain. 而“Will+动词原形 ”指对将来事物的预见、表示意愿、决心。E.g. I will wait for you until you come. 在单纯预测未来时,二者可以互换,但在此题中只能用be going to,而不能用will。

自主检测:

(一)、 单选

1 _____you ____a doctor when you grow up?

A Will; going to be B Are; going to be C Are; / D Will; be

2 I don’t know if his uncle _____. I think he _____ if it doesn’t rain.

A will come; comes B will come; will come C comes; comes D comes; will come

3 He will be back _____a few minutes.

A with B for C on D in

4 What time _____we meet at the gate tomorrow?

A will B shall C do D are

5 He will have a holiday as soon as he _____the work next week.

A finishes B doesn’t finish C will finish D won’t finish

6 There _____some showers this afternoon.

A will be B will have C is going to be D are going to have

7 It ____my brother’s birthday tomorrow. She _____a party.

A is going to be; will have B will be; is having C will be; is going to have D will have; is going to be

8 Li Ming is 10 years old now, next year he _____11.

A is B is going to be C will be D will to be

答案:1 B 2B 3 D 4 B 5A 6A 7 C 8 C

(二)、 填空

1 -“I need some paper.”

- “I ____(bring)some for you.”

2____(be)you free tomorrow?

3 They _________(not leave) until you come back.

4 _____we_____(go) to the party together this afternoon?

5 They want to know when the meeting _____start.

6 I _____(go) with you if I have time.

7 Hurry up! Or we ______(be) late.

8What ____you _______(do) tomorrow afternoon?

9 Jenny ____ _____ (do) an experiment the day after tomorrow.

10 If she isn’t free tomorrow, she _______(not take) part in the party.

答案: 1 will bring 2 Are 3 won’t leave 4Shall go 5 will 6 will go

7 will be 8 are going to do 9 will do 10 won’t take

三、 There be结构的一般将来时易出错

例:There_________ a basketball match this afternoon. (B)

A is going to be B is going to have C are going to be D are going to have

答案:A

解析:There be结构的一般将来时既要符合There be结构,又要符合一般将来时。有的同学认为have当“有”讲,所以选了B,但There be结构就不成立了,此句中is是be going to中的,是由后边的单数名词决定的.

四、 be going to结构中易丢掉to

例:I’m going _______(go) school by bike tomorrow. (C)

A to will go B to go to C go to D to go

答案:B

解析:由tomorrow可知是一般将来时,be going to +动词原形,所以先确定用to go , 在B、 D当中选,而go to school 是固定词组,不能因为前边有一个to而省略,这是一个易错点,需要注意。

另外,在时间状语或条件状语从句中,若主句用了将来时,从句则用一般现在时,前边已经讲过,这里不在重复.

❹ 英语一般将来时的语法

1)名称:一般将来时(The simple future tense)

2)含义:表示将来的时间里发生动作或存在的状态。

例如:They will go swimming this afternoon.

She will be busy in two hours.

3)构成:will/shall+动词原形(do sth).或者be(am/is/are) going to+动词原形(do sth.)

4)用法:A .will/shall+动词原形(do sth)

1. 表示偶然性或者临时决定。

例如:I hope it will rain soon.

I’m sure that our team will win.

They think that they will have a meeting this afternoon.

I will also go to Beijing next week.

2.表示含有“意愿”色彩,征求意见或主动提建议。

例如:Shall I open the door? Yes.please.

Will you please help me with my English?

3.依据事物的发展规律,不受人为主观改变的客观事实。

例如:This year he is 15 years old,he will be 16 years old next year.

Today is Monday,it will be Tuesday tomorrow

B.be going to +动词原形(do sth.)

1.根据某一现象或现有事实材料判断某事的发生。

例如:Look at the black clouds,it is going to rain.

Her mother is badly ill,she is going to die.

2.表示计划好,安排准备好,早有打算的事情。

例如:Next year I am going to buy a new house in Yangzhou.

We hear that they are going to build a new airport in Jiang this year.

5)常见引导词:next……,tomorrow/tomorrow morning /afternoon/evening,

the day after tomorrow, this afternoon,this evening,tonight, in an hour等。

6)注意点:1. .will与shall区别。

will适用于一切人称,shall只用于第一人称(I/We shall…./Shall I/we….?)

特别强调will/shall本身也是情态动词。

2.否定形式。

will not=won’t shall not=shan’t

3.疑问形式及其回答。

Will he go there at once ?Yes,he will/No, he won’t

Shall We have a party tomorrow?根据情况回答Yes,you will./No,you won’t./Ok/Good idea.

4.be going to+do sth. 否定形式,.疑问形式及其回答。

He is not going to visit Shanghai this May Day.

Is he going to visit Shanghai this May Day? Yes, he is/No, he isn’t

5.英语中一些趋向动词(come,go,leave….)可以用现在进行时态构成形式表示将来时态。

例如: ----小明,晚饭好了。---我就来,妈妈。

---Xiaoming,supper is ready.

----I’m coming ,Mum.

6.祈使句反意疑问句与will/shall有关。

例如:Let’s go home, shall we?

Let us play football,will you?

Please don’t play with fire ,will you?

Stand up, will you?

❺ 英语——有关“将来时”的语法知识

一般将来时主要用于:
表示将要发生的动作或情况
e.g.
Tom
will
have
a
bike
of
his
own.
与这个时态连用的时间状语常用:
tonight,
tomorrow,
the
day
after
tomorrow,
next
week,
in
three
hours,
two
days
later
等。
一般将来时态与其它结构表将来情况的区别:
一般将来时态
:主要从时间的角度表将要发生的动作或情况。
be
going
to
结构
:①表(主观上)打算或准备做某事时。
②表有发生某事的预兆时。
e.g.
They
are
going
to
have
a
competition
with
us
in
studies.
It
is
going
to
rain.
据以上区别,故下面一句是错的:
I
am
going
to
be
eighteen
years
old
next
year.
应改为:
I
shall
be
eighteen
years
old
next
year.
be
about
to
do
sth
结构
:意为“刚要做某事”、“马上要做某事”强调时间之紧迫性。
e.g.
We
are
about
to
discuss
this
problem.
我们将马上讨论这个问题。
be
to
do
sth
结构:
表示按计划、安排、规定将实施某事或表示注定会发生某事。
e.g.
When
is
the
train
to
leave.
All
these
things
are
to
be
answered
for

❻ 一般将来时语法结构

语法结构的有关
疑问,你可以直接
咨询一下语文老师

❼ 一般将来时的用法八年级外语

一般将来时用法
一、一般将来时的动词形式
一般将来时表示将来某个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作。一般将来时由助动词shall或will加动词原形构成,shall用于第一人称,will用于第二、三人称。但是现在第一人称一般也用will,其区别并不明显。(或“be going to + 动词原形)常与tomorrow, next„ , in (the) future,soon, in five days,in two weeks等连用。 如: I shall not come if it rains tomorrow. 如明天下雨我就不来。
My father will leave for China next week. 我的爸爸下星期要到中国去。
“I’ll, You’ll, He’ll , She’ll , It’ll, We’ll , They’ll „” 是简缩形式。 二.一般将来时的句型
1.肯定句:主语+shall /will+动词+其他成份
The workers will build a new school here next year.工人们明年将在这儿盖一所新学校。 They will go shopping this afternoon. 今天下午他们将要去购物。 We shall have a delicious dinner tonight. 今晚我们将美餐一顿。 We shall be there before dark. 我们天黑前会到达那里。 2.否定句:主语+shall /will+not+动词+其他成份 She won’t come back this week.这一周她不回来了。
I will not go shopping one hour later. 一小时之后我不会去购物。
He won’t play football with you before he finishes his work.他干完活后才能跟你踢足球。
3.疑问句:shall /will+主语+动词+其他成份
Will you be back in ten minutes? 十分钟后你会回来吗? Will you please open the window? 请你打开窗户好吗? Shall we get something hot to drink? 我们喝一些热饮怎么样? 4.特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+shall /will+主语+动词+其他成份 Where will you go next week? 下星期你去哪? What shall I do?我怎么办呢?
How many books will they get? 他们将有多少本书? 三.will, be going to „, be to„, be about to„的区别
1.be going to +不定式,表示将来。表示打算、准备做的事或即将发生或肯定要发生的事。be going to和will相比,be going to通常表示主观,will通常表示客观。 What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天你要做什么?

2

Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm.
看看这些黑云,将有一场暴风雨。

It’s going to be a fine day tomorrow.明天将会是个好天。

It is going to rain.
要下雨了。

2.“be to+动词原形”表示按计划要发生的事或征求对方意见。这种结构表示计划中约定的或按
职责、义务要求必须去做的事或即将发生的动作。

We are to have a meeting next Saturday.
下个周日我们有个会。

The boy is to go to school tomorrow.
这个男孩明天要去上学。

Are we to go on with this work?
我们继续干吗?

The president is to visit China next week.
总统下周来访中国。

3.
“be about to+动词原形”表示即将发生的动作,意为:很快,马上。后面一般不跟时间状语。
这一结构用于表示客观就要发生的事,表示马上就要发生。一般不再与时间状语连用。

Don’t go out. We’re about to have a meeting. 别出去了
,
我们很快就开会了。

I was about to start when it began to rain.
我刚要出发就下起雨来了。

He is about to leave for Shenyang.
他将要离开去沈阳。

We are about to leave.
我们马上就走。

The film is about to begin.
电影马上就要开始了。

四.注意事项

1. be about to
不能与
tomorrow, next week
等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。

2. Let’s „的附加疑问通常使用“„, shall we ?”。

Let’s have a rest, shall we?

3.
问句是“Shall„?”,答句就用“shall ~”;问句用“Will „?”,答句就用“will ~ ”。
要前后保持一致。

Shall you go to school next week ?

Yes, I shall . We’ll have an exam .

Will you have an exam tomorrow?

Yes, I will. / No, I won’t.
希望能帮到你,请采纳,要好评呦,谢谢~

❽ 英语一般将来时的语法和结构等等

一般将来时由“助动词will+动词原形”构成,表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的内状态,也表示将来经常容或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如:tomorrow,
next
week,
next
year,in
the
future等。

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