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夸克英语语法大全英语后缀

发布时间:2021-03-01 01:15:12

① 夸克的英语语法大全是英式还是美式英语

语法不分英式美式。
发音,单词拼写等才有区别。

② 英语中名词有那些后缀呢

Ⅰ.后缀-able与-ible

形容词后缀-able与-ible是同义后缀,加在动词后,使动词变为形容词,其意义相当于情态动词 can +此动词被动式。所以在语义上有被动意义。例如:

The results can be tested.→The results are testable.这些结果是可测试的。

究竟哪些动词加-ible,哪些加-able呢?

1.加-ible的词大多数来自拉丁语。下面加-ible的词都是来自拉丁语的动词。如:edible(可食用的) visible(可见的)sensible(可觉察的)possible(可能的)flexible(易弯曲的)

2.以-mit结尾的动词,将-mit变为-miss再加 -ible。如:permit→permissible(可允许的)

3.以-nd结尾的动词,将-nd变为-ns再加-ible,如:respond→responsible(有责任的),defend→defensible(能防御的)

4.加-able的动词远比加-ible的多,且-able为活性后缀,如要构成这一意义的新词时,都是加 -able。

5.一般以"e"结尾的动词,去掉"e"再加-able。如:erase→erasable(可擦掉的),deceive→deceivable(可欺的)

也有直接加的,如:change→changeable(可变化的),service→serviceable(有用的)

6.动词以辅音加y结尾,y变i加able。如:deny→deniable(可否认的),rely→reliable(可靠的)

Ⅱ.后缀-ize(-ise)
后缀-ize(-ise)可以加在名词或形容词的后面构成动词,表示"照……样子做"、"按……方式处理"、"使成为……"、"变成……状态"、"……化"的意思。例如:dramatic(戏剧的)→dramatize(改编成剧本), modern(现代的)→modernize(现代化),organ(组织)→organize(组织起来),civil(文明的)→civilize(使文明,变为文明),system(系统)→sys- temize(系统化),normal(正常的)→ normalize(使正常化),equal(平等的)→equalize(使平等,使相等)

注意某些以-y结尾的词,加 -ize(-ise)后缀时,要去掉-y再加-ize(-ise),例如: sympathy(同情心)→sympathize(同情,表同情)

Ⅲ.后缀-ful,-ous,-ent,-ant后缀-ful,-ous,-ent,-ant均为形容词后缀。可以直接加在动词或名词的后面构成形容词。一般来说,动词加后缀-ful,-ous,-ent,-ant构成的形容词表示主动意义。

-ful表示"富有……的","充满……的","具有……性质的","易于……的"或"可……的"。例如: powerful(有力的)peaceful(和平的)shameful(可耻的)helpful(有帮助的)forgetful(易忘的)

-ous表示"如……的","有……性质的","有……的"或"属于……的"。例如:envious(羡慕的;妒嫉的)dangerous(危险的)famous(著名的)barbarous(野蛮的)monstrous(怪异的,畸形的)

-ent表示"具有……性质的"或"关于……的"。例如:dependent(依赖的)confident(自信的)apparent(明显的)innocent(无罪的,天真的)frequent(屡次的)

-ant表示"属于……的"或"具有……性质的"。例如:tolerant(能容忍的)assistant(辅助的)ascendant(上升的)accordant(和谐的,一致的)

Ⅳ.后缀-ee

后缀-ee属名词后缀,有较强的构词能力,它不但能加在动词后面构成名词,也可以加在某些形容词或名词后面构成名词。其构词的特点可归纳为以下几点:

1.加在许多及物动词后面构成名词,表示含有被动意义的"受动者",这类名词也称作"被动性名词"。例如:trainee(接受训练者)employee(雇员) appointee(受任命者)expellee(被驱逐者)addressee(收件人)toastee(接受祝酒者)detainee(被拘留者)inter- viewee(被采访者)

2.加在某些不及物动词后构成名词,表示含有主动意义的"施动者",即执行某动作的人。一般说来,这类动词没有加后缀-er或-or的形式。例如:returnee(归国者)escapee(逃亡者)embarkee(上船者)meetee(参加会议者)refugee(难民)divorcee(离婚者)
值得注意的是,如果这个词以不发音的-e结尾,这时只加一个-e即可。如:advise- advisee(被建议者)invite-invitee(受邀者) retire-retiree(退休者)

Ⅴ.后缀-er,-or,-ar
在表示"人"的这个意义上,它们像三姊妹。例如:banker(银行家)teenager(13-19的青少年)actor(男演员)translator(翻译者) governor(总督)scholar(学者)liar(撒谎者) beggar(乞丐)pedlar(小贩)

Ⅵ.后缀-ism与-ist

是一对意义相关的后缀。它们最基本的意义是"……主义"和"……主义的(者)"。例如:materialism(唯物主义)optimism(乐观主义)materialist(唯物主义者)naturalist(自然主义者

③ 夸克英语语法大全还有卖吗

孔夫子旧书网上面刚刚看了一下,有一本,比较贵,这种书出版好多年了,新书估计是买不到了,英文原版网上或许有。

④ 急需夸克氏“英语语法大全”的电子版,哪位朋友有的话可以分享一下吗多谢多谢!

用电驴软件下啊,这个网站支持电驴软件,要不你就在上搜索一下,有好多下载。

⑤ 英语语法大全

初一英语语法用法复习大全
时间: 2008年11月13日 作者: 来源:网络

1. 形容词的用法:
形容词用以修饰名词,表示人或事物的特征。在句中可以作定语、表语,用于限定被修饰语的特征,如长短、大小、重量、颜色、高矮、胖瘦、新旧等,。
,“限定词”包括:冠词、物主代词、指示代词、或数词,它位于各类形容词前。它本身分为三位,即:前、中、后。前位限定词有all、half、both、分数和倍数;中位限定词有冠词、指示代词、物主代词等;后位限定词有基数词和序数词,但序数词位于基数词前。如:both my hands、all half his income等。“描绘”性形容词如:beautiful、bad、cold、great等。“大长高”表示大小、长短、高低等一些词。表示“形状”的词如:round square等。“国籍”指一个国家或地区的词。“材料”的词如:wooden, woolen, stone,silk等。“作用类别”的词如:medical, college,writing desk,police car等。
The little girl is very pretty. 这个小女孩很好看。
--I want that one. 我想要那个。
--Which one? 哪一个?
--The new blue one. 那个蓝色新的。
Can I have a look at the big nice one? 我能看一看那个大的漂亮的吗?
2、人称代词:
是用来表示人的代词,有单数和负数之分,有主格和宾格之分。人称代词的主格在句中作主语;人称代词的宾格在句中作宾语,是作动词或介词的宾语。
主格:I, we, you, he, she, it, they在句子中作主语
宾格:me, us, you, him, her, it, them在句子中作宾语
He and I are in the same class. 我和他在同一个班级。
Can you see them in the street? 你能看见他们在街上吗?
3、可数名词和不可数名词
英语中名词分为可数名词和不可数名词。凡是可数计数的名词叫做可数名词;凡是不可以计数的名词叫做不可数名词。
(1)可数名词分为单数和复数两种形式。可数名词前可以用不定冠词、数词或some many等修饰。如:a man a desk an apple an orange some books some children tow pens
(2)不可数名词没有复数形式,前面不能用不定冠词、数词或many等词语修饰,但可以用some a little much等词语来修饰。有时可以与一些量词短语搭配,这些量词短语中的名词一般是可数的,有单数形式,也可以有复数形式。如:some water a little milk much food a piece of bread tow bottles of ink some glasses of water
4、祈使句
祈使句用来表示请求、命令等,句中没有主语,肯定形式由谓语或者谓语+宾语(+宾语补足语)构成,否定形式则在句前加Don’t.
Stand up, please. 请起立。
Don’t worry. 别担心。
can的用法:
can是情态动词,表示“能,会,可以,被允许等”,其后接动词原形,否定形式为cannot,可缩写为can’t.
She can speak Japanese. 她会讲日语。
I can’t remember his name. 我不记得他的名字了。
Can you spell your name? 你会拼写你的名字吗?
5、现在进行时态:
概念:表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作,也可以表示目前一段时间内或现阶段正在进行的活动。
结构:由be动词(am, is, are) + 动词ing构成,其中be动词要与主语保持性数一致。
Mary is flying a kite in the park. 玛丽正在公园里放风筝。
--What are you doing now?你现在在干什么?
--I’m reading English. 我正在读英语。
Are they drawing the pictures now?他们正在画画吗?
动词现在分词是动词原形变化而来的,规则变化如下:
动词ing形式叫动词现在分词,其构成如下:
1) 直接在动词后加ing
play—playing, do—doing, talk—talking, sing--singing
2) 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,先去e,再加ing
make—making, write—writing, have—having, take—taking
3) 以重读闭音节结尾的动词且词尾只有一个辅音字母,应双写这个辅音字母,再加ing
run—running, stop—stopping, put—putting, swim—swimming
注意对现在进行时态的判断。判断一个英语句子用什么时态,主要看句子的时间状语,一般说来,每种时态都有与之相对应的时间状语。现在进行时表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。因此,这个时态最常用的时间状语是now;但有不少句子并没有now,只能通过提示语如look、listen等或者通过上下文来确定用现在进行时。
She is cleaning her room now. 她正在打扫房间。
Look! The girl is dancing over there. 看!那个女孩在那里跳舞。
--Can you go and play games with me? 你能和我们一起做游戏吗?
--Can’t you see I am doing my homework? 你没看见我正在做作业吗?
6、have/ has的用法:
1) 谓语动词have表示“有”,有两种形式:have和has,前者用于第一人称(I, we),第二人称(you)和第三人称复数(they),后者用于第三人称单数(he, she, it)或单数名词。
I have an apple and he has two bananas. 我有一个苹果,他有两个香蕉。
You have a new English teacher. 你们有了一个新的英语老师。
It has two big eyes. 它有一双大眼睛。
Julie and Jack have a nice car. 朱莉和杰克有一辆好看的车。
2) have/has句型与there be句型的比较:两者都表示“有”,但用法不同。前者表示所属关系,即表示“某人或某物有什么”,而后者表示存在,表示“某地有什么”。
They have some new books. 他们有一些新书。
There are some new books on their desks. 他们桌子上有一些新书。
She has a lot of pretty skirts. 她有很多漂亮的裙子。

⑥ 英语各种语法全解

1. 动词的时态和语态
1.1 动词的时态和语态一览表
时态语态 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时
主动被动 doare done didwere done will dowill be done
现在进行时 过去进行时 将来进行时
主动被动 are doingare being done were doingwere being done will be doing
现在完成时 过去完成时 将来完成时
主动 被动 have donehave been done had donehad been done will have donewill have been done
现在完成进行时
主动 被动 have been doing

1.2 动词主要时态的意义及运用
1) 现在完成时,过去完成时和将来完成时
英语提示语:up to now, so far, for three years, since 1995, over past ten years, by the end of this week, by the year of 1995
汉语提示语:已经,早已,了
e.g. We haven’t met each other since last year.
By the end of this week, we’ll have finished the task.
2) 现在完成进行时
从过去一直持续到现在,没有间断。
汉语提示语:一直
e.g. The water has been running the whole night.
3) 过去完成时
a) said, reported, thought 等引导的间接引语中。
e.g. He missed the train. He said he had missed the train.
b) hardly…when, no sooner… than
e.g. No sooner had he got up than he received the call.
c) 与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的条件状语从句中
e.g. If I had tried harder, I would have won.
I wish I had done better in the exam.

历年考题中的动词时态和语态
1. Much of the carbon in the earth ___ (come) from things that once lived.
2. In the past two decades, research ___ (expand) our knowledge about sleep and dream.
3. Some proverbs ___ (be) in the language for 1,000 years, for example, A friend in need is a friend indeed.
4. ___ (stand) at the gate was a young man in green coat.
5. In 1991, after the Gulf War, Bush’s approved rating reached 91 percent, the highest level recorded since polling ___ (begin) in the 19302.
6. Seeing violence on television or reading about it in the newspapers every day ___ (make) us tolerate crime more than we should.
7. So far, Irving ___ (live) in New York City for ten years.
8. The patient ___ (send) to another hospital before we got there.
9. The second half of the nineteenth century ___ (witness) the first extended translation into English of the writings of Eliphas Levi.
10. All the worries they might have felt for him ___ (drive) off by the sight of his cheerful face.

Key:
1. comes 一般现在时,主语为不可数名词,谓语用单数
2. has expanded 现在完成时
3. has been 现在完成时
4. Standing 过去进行时的倒装形式
5. began 一般过去时
6. makes 一般现在时,动名词做主语,谓语用单数
7. has been living 现在完成进行时
8. had been sent 过去完成时的被动形式
9. witnessed 一般过去时
10. were driven 一般过去时的被动
2. 非谓语动词
2.1 动词主要时态和语态一览表
非谓语动词 形式 意义
现在分词
一 般 式 Doing 主动, 正在进行
被 动 式 being done 被动, 正在进行
完成主动式 having done 主动, 已经完成
完成被动式 having been done 被动, 已经完成
过去分词 Done 被动, 已经完成
动词不定式
一 般 式 To do 主动,将要进行
被 动 式 To be done 被动, 将要进行
完成主动式 To have done 主动, 已经完成
进行主动式 To be doing 主动, 正在进行

2.2. 非谓语动词作状语
•动词不定式:1)目的状语;2)结果状语
e.g. I came here to meet you. (目的)
He hurried to the rail station only to miss the train. (结果)
•分词:1) 伴随状语;2)原因状语;3)条件状语 4)让步状语;5)时间状语
e.g. Walking along the street, he met his old friend. (时间)
Being very tired, my father didn’t go out with us. (原因)
Made by hand, the silk shirt is very expensive. (原因)
Seen from the space, the earth looks like a blue ball. (条件)
2.3 非谓语动词,状语从句和独立结构
1) Having done their homework, the children began to play. (分词作状语)
2) After having done their homework, the children began to play. (连词+分词)
3) After they had done their homework, the children began to play. (状语从句)
4) With homework done, the children began to play. (独立结构)

2.4 非谓语动词作定语
1) If there is no choice, there is no decision ___ (make). (to be made)
2) Do you know the man ____ ( stand) in front of the house? (standing)
3) The question ____ (discuss) at the moment is very important. (being discussed)
4) The bridge ____ (build) in the 1950s is still in good condition. (built)

2.5 动名词和动词不定式
• 作主语和表语
动名词作主语/表语表示一般、抽象的情况;动词不定时作主语表示具体某次的情况。
e.g Rising early is good for health.
To rise early tomorrow is difficult for me.
It is difficult for me to rise early tomorrow.
My biggest wish is to go abroad.
Seeing is believing.
• 作宾语
接动名词作宾语的动词:
admit, acknowledge, avoid, appreciate, consider, delay, enjoy, escape, excuse, forgive, finish, include, involve, mind, put off, postpone, suggest, feel like, look forward to, be used to, be accustomed to, etc.
接动词不定式作宾语的动词:
want, tend, intend, pretend, hope, plan, expect, be supposed to, seem, be likely to, used to, be willing to, desire, force, prefer, start, begin

接动名词和动词不定式有不同含义的动词:
1) forget, remember, regret
2) stop, continue
3) need/ want
4) allow doing/ allow sb to do
(1) How can I forget meeting you for the first time?
Sorry, I forgot to lock the door.
(2) I can’t stop laughing. Can you stop to give me a hand?
(3) The grass needs cutting. The grass needs to be cut.
(4) We don’t allow smoking here. You are not allowed to smoke here.

历年考题中的非谓语动词
1. A man cannot be really happy if what he enjoys ___ (do) is ignored by society as of no value or importance.
2. Anyone ___(want) to understand the instry of the future will have to know about robotics.
3. It is a well-known fact that a person will move in a circle when he cannot use his eyes ___ (control) his direction.
4. As research techniques become more advanced, the number of animals ___ (use) in experiments may decrease.
5. It seems reasonable to assume that, other things ___ (be) equal, they would prefer single to shared rooms.
6. This poem, if ___ (translate) word for word into Chinese, will make no sense.
7. They may have their passports _____ (remove), making leaving or “escaping” actually impossible.
8. Her body, with hands and feet ____ (bind), was discovered by a traveler early in the morning.
9. I couldn’t help but ___ (feel) this is a very strange life.
10. Let us consider the earth as a planet ____ (revolve) round the sun.

Key:
1. doing 动名词做enjoy的宾语
2. wanting 现在分词作定语
3. to control 动词不定式作目的状语
4. used 过去分词作定语
5. being 现在分词用在独立结构中
6. translated 连词加过去分词作状语
7. removed 过去分词作宾补
8. bound 过去分词用在独立结构中
9. feel couldn’t help but 后接动词原形
10. revolving 现在分词作定语
3. 虚拟语气
第一大类:非真实条件下的虚拟语气
时间 从句 主句
与现在事实相反 did/ were should/could/would + do
与过去事实相反 had done should/could/would + have done
与将来事实相反 were to doshould do should/could/would + do
e.g. If I were you, I would be happy to do it.
If we had got the news, we could have prepared earlier.
If the job were to succeed, you should work harder.

第二大类:从句中用过去时或过去完成时的虚拟语气
1) would rather + 从句
2) wish + 从句
3) if only + 从句
4) as if/ as though + 从句
5) It’s time + 从句
e.g. I would rather you didn’t tell me the story now.
I would rather you had told me the story yesterday.

第三大类:从句中用should加动词原形的虚拟语气,其中should可省略。
1) suggest, propose, advise, move(动议), ask, order, require, request, desire, insist, prefer 等动词后接的宾语从句;
2) suggestion, proposal, advice, motion, order, requirement, request, desire, preference等名词后的同位语从句;
3) important, necessary, essential, imperative, desirable, advisable, preferable 等形容词用在it is … that…句型中;
4) lest, in case, for fear that 等引导的从句中。
e.g. It is suggested that the meeting (should) be put off.
It is my suggestion that the meeting (should) be put off.
It is necessary that the meeting (should) be put off.
He came to the office earlier lest he (should) miss the important meeting.

历年考题中的虚拟语气
1. If it hadn’t been for your help, we ___ (be) in real trouble. He would have given you more help, if he ___ (not be) so busy.
3. It is high time that we ___ (take) firm measures to protect our environment.
4. It was imperative that students ___ (finish) their papers before July 1st.
5. They demanded that the right to vote ___ (give) to every alt person.There was a mistake on my paycheck. I _____(receive) $10 more.I would rather he ____ ( buy) the house next year. The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we ___ (meet) them before.
9. Should she come tomorrow, I ___ take her to the museum.
[A] can [B] will [C] would [D] must
10. If we ___ everything ready by now, we should be having a terrible time tomorrow.
[A] hadn’t got [B] didn’t get [C] wouldn’t have got [D] wouldn’t get

Key:
1. would have been 与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的主句
2. had not been 与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的从句
3. took It is high time +过去式的虚拟形式
4. should finish/finish It was imperative that+动词原形的虚拟形式
5. be given demand所接宾语从句用动词原形的虚拟形式
6. should have received 与过去事实相反的虚拟语气的主句,表示“本应该收到”而实际上没有。
7. bought would rather后接宾语从句,从句用过去式表示虚拟语气。
8. had met as if 所引导的从句用过去完成式表示虚拟语气。
9. C 与将来事实相反的虚拟语气的主句。
10. A 从句与现在事实相反,但本身已经是现在完成时(从by now可以看出),所以变为过去完成时。
结束语:
掌握语法题的要诀在于1)牢记上述表格;2)分清楚题目属于哪种具体情况;3)熟练套用正确形式;4)最后再检查一下是否应作必要的改动:如是否被动,三人称动词后加s,动词的不规则变化等。在理解上述表格的适用条件后,再通过大量作题来巩固,及时纠正出现的错误,我们一定能攻克语法难题,在语法部分得到一个理想的分数!
____…., …..
leave me _worrying__ (worry)
Leave the book _damaged__ (damage)
Enable me to solve the problem .
Enable the problem to be solved

I would rather not go with you.
I would rather I didn’t go with you.
It’s time it _was done_ (do) immediately.
It’s time to do it immediately.
He acted as if the book had been written (write) by him.

Command, demand
The order which/that is given by my boss is hard to carry out.
The order that the task should be finished (finish) today is hard to carry out.

1. Studies have shown ___ teenagers often suffer from depression.
A. that B. which C. in which D. in that
2. ____ driving around all day looking for somewhere to park, why don’t you take a bus to town?
A. In spite of B. Rather than
C. In place of D. other than
He hasn’t read one book _other than__ novels.
He has read no book other than novels.

3. In his composition there were no other errors ___ a few misspelled words.
A. except B. besides C. than D. beside
4. In deciding ___ a course of action, the candidates tried to estimate its likely impact on the voters.
A. how to pursue B. whether to pursue
C. how pursuing D. whether pursuing
5. The kids are ___ be hungry when they get home—they always are.
A. obliged to B. bound to C. desired to D. motivated to
6. It is said the conference is ____ (hold) in this hall next month. Is to be held
7. Little did they realize that they had made_ (make) an important discovery in science.
8. A life lived (live) without fantasy and daydreaming is a really poor life indeed.
9. They proposed that the chance (that is available to them) be explained____ (explain) in detail.
10. (They are afraid that) everything well prepared (prepare), they may still lose the game.
11. While compelled (compel) to make the decision in a hurry, he made the right choice.
12. He is said/known/reported to have made (make) a lot of money before he was thirty years old.

He is said to take the job next week.
He is said to have taken the job last week.

I find him to have made a lot of money…
He is found to have made…
He said he had made
13. He would like to buy a used_ (use) car instead of a new one.
14. Having been deprived of all his money, he had to find a job to support himself.
15. How can you explain the phenomenon that occurs (occur) again and again in our daily life?

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