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外研英语九上语法知识点

发布时间:2021-03-01 00:52:02

A. 谁总结一下外研版英语初三上册的语法知识点

①化学,应该建立个主要框架,要学什么,翻翻课本,有几块知识。比如这回三章学的是一些常见答元素性质、这一章是元素周期律……②平常学习时,要注意细节,勤于翻看整理,弄熟一点。因为知识点很碎很小,但难度不大。主要是实验现象、步骤、化学方程式;物质的性质、反应。③要注意适当的解题方法、计算方法。比如元素守恒的思想、在比如计算常用的 计算失去那部分质量 来推算别的部分。 任何学科的学习方法都是要归纳总结,勤于练习,勤于思考,理解为上(切忌死记硬背)。而最最重要的是,要喜欢上化学。这是学习的动力

B. 初三外研版英语语法知识点

1) leave的用法

1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地”。例如:

When did you leave Shanghai?

你什么时候离开上海的?

2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:

Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London.

下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。

3.“leave+地点+for+地点”表示“离开某地去某地”。例如:

Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing?

你为什么要离开上海去北京?

2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用

should作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有“竟会”的意思,例如:

How should I know? 我怎么知道?

Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?

should有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如:

We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。

我们在使用时要注意以下几点:

1. 用于表示“应该”或“不应该”的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。例如:

You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。

2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如:

You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。

3. 用于表示可能性。should的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如:

We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。

She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。

3) What...? 与 Which...?

1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是what仅用来询问职业。如:

What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的?

该句相当于:

What does your father do?

What is your father's job?

Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如:
---Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特?

---The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。

2. What...?是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...?是特指,所指的事物有范围的限制。如:

What color do you like best? (所有颜色)

你最喜爱什么颜色?

Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow? (有特定的范围)

你最喜爱哪一种颜色?

3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如:

Which pictures are from China?

哪些图片来自中国?

4) 频度副词的位置

1.常见的频度副词有以下这些:

always(总是,一直)

usually(通常)

often(常常,经常)

sometimes(有时候)

never(从不)

2.频度副词的位置:

a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如:

David is often arrives late for school.

大卫上学经常迟到。

b.放在行为动词前。如:

We usually go to school at 7:10 every day.

我们每天经常在7:10去上学。

c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如:

Sometimes I walk home, sometime I rides a bike.

有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。

3.never放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如:

Never have I been there.
5) every day 与 everyday

1. every day 作状语,译为“每一天”。如:

We go to school at 7:10 every day.

我们每天7:10去上学。

I decide to read English every day.

我决定每天读英语。

2. everyday 作定语,译为“日常的”。

She watches everyday English on TV after dinner.

她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。

What's your everyday activity?

你的日常活动是什么?

6) 什么是助动词
1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb)。被协助的动词称作主要动词(Main Verb)。
助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用,例如:
He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。
(doesn't是助动词,无词义;like是主要动词,有词义)
2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来:
a. 表示时态,例如:
He is singing. 他在唱歌。
He has got married. 他已结婚。
b. 表示语态,例如:
He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。
c. 构成疑问句,例如:
Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗?
Did you study English before you came here?你来这儿之前学过英语吗?
d. 与否定副词not合用,构成否定句,例如:
I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。
e. 加强语气,例如:
Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。
He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would

7) forget doing/to do与remember doing/to do

1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)
forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)
The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off.
办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)
He forgot turning the light off.
他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)
Don't forget to come tomorrow.
别忘了明天来。 (to come动作未做)
典型例题
---- The light in the office is still on.
---- Oh,I forgot___.
A. turning it off B. turn it off

C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
答案:C。由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.而forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。

2.remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)
remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)
Remember to go to the post office after school.
记着放学后去趟邮局。
Don't you remember seeing the man before?
你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.

1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如easy, hard, difficult, interesting, impossible等:
It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词,如good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。
It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
3.for 与of 的辨别方法:
用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用of,不通则用for。如:
You are nice. (通顺,所以应用of)。
He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用for。)

9) 对两个句子的提问

新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如:

句子:The boy in blue has three pens.

提问:1.Who has three pens?

2.Which boy has three pens?

3.What does the boy in blue have?
4.How many pens does the boy in blue have?

很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如:

句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday.

提问:1.Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

2.Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

3.What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?

4.With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?

5.What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday?

6.When does he usually go to the park with his friends?

10) so、such与不定冠词的使用

1.so与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“so+形容词+a/an+名词”。如:

He is so funny a boy.

Jim has so big a house.

2.such与不定冠词a、an连用,结构为“such+a/an+形容词+名词”。如:

It is such a nice day.

That was such an interesting story.

11) 使用-ing分词的几种情况

1.在进行时态中。如:

He is watching TV in the room.

They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.

2.在there be结构中。如:

There is a boy swimming in the river.

3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:

We have fun learning English this term.

They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.

4.在介词后面。如:

Thanks for helping me.

Are you good at playing basketball.
5.在以下结构中:

enjoy doing sth 乐于做某事

finish doing sth 完成做某事

feel like doing sth 想要做某事

stop doing sth 停止做某事

forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

go on doing sth 继续做某事

remember doing sth 记得做过某事

like doing sth 喜欢做某事

keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事

find sb doing sth 发现某人做某事

see/hear/watch sb doing sth 看到/听到/观看某人做某事

try doing sth 试图做某事

need doing sth 需要做某事

prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事

mind doing sth 介意做某事

practice doing sth 练习做某事

be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事

miss doing sth 错过做某事

12) 英语中的“单数”

1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:

he, she, it

my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle
2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:

man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)

3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:

go---goes---going---went---gone

work---works---working---worked---worked

watch---watches---watching---watched---watched

当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:

The boy wants to be a sales assistant.

Our English teacher is from the US.

Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
12) 英语中的“单数”

1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用“he, she, it”代替的。如:

he, she, it

my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle

2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如:

man(单数)---men(复数) banana(单数)---bananas(复数)

3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing分词,过去式,过去分词。如:

go---goes---going---went---gone

work---works---working---worked---worked

watch---watches---watching---watched---watched

当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。如:

The boy wants to be a sales assistant.

Our English teacher is from the US.

回答人的补充 2009-09-01 16:48 Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.

13) 名词的复数构成的几种形式

名词复数的构成可分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。

I 名词复数的规则变化

1.一般在名词词尾加-s。如:

pear---pears hamburger---hamburgers

desk---desks tree---trees

2.以字母-s, -sh, -ch, -x结尾的名词,词尾加-es。如:

class---classes dish---dishes

watch---watches box---boxes

3.以字母-o结尾的某些名词,词尾加-es。如:

potato---potatoes tomato---tomatoes

Negro---Negroes hero---heroes

4.以辅音字母加-y结尾的名词,将-y变为-i,再加-es。如:

family---families dictionary---dictionaries
city---cities country---countries

5.以字母-f或-fe结尾的名词,将-f或-fe变为-v,再加-es。如:

half---halves leaf---leaves

thief---thieves knife---knives

self---selves wife---wives

life---lives wolf---wolves

shelf---shelves loaf---loaves

但是:

scarf---scarves(fes) roof---roofs

serf---serfs gulf---gulfs

chief---chiefs proof---proofs

belief---beliefs

II 名词复数的不规则变化

1.将-oo改为--ee。如:

foot---feet tooth---teeth

2.将-man改为-men。如:

man---men woman---women

policeman---policemen postman---postmen

3.添加词尾。如:

child---children

4.单复数同形。如:

sheep---sheep deer---deer

fish---fish people---people

5.表示“某国人”的单、复数变化。即“中日瑞不变英法变,其它国把-s加后面”。如:
Chinese---Chinese Japanese---Japanese

Swiss---Swiss

Englishman---Englishmen Frenchman---Frenchmen

American---Americans Australian---Australians

Canadian---Canadians Korean---Koreans

Russian---Russians Indian---Indians

6.其它。如:

mouse---mice

apple tree---apple trees

man teacher---men teachers

14) 双写最后一个字母的-ing分词

初中阶段常见的有以下这些:

1.let→letting 让

hit→hitting 打、撞

cut→cutting 切、割

get→getting 取、得到

sit→sitting 坐

forget→forgetting 忘记

put→putting 放

set→setting 设置

babysit→babysitting 临时受雇照顾婴儿

2.shop→shopping 购物

trip→tripping 绊

stop→stopping 停止

drop→dropping 放弃

3.travel→travel(l)ing 旅游

swim→swimming 游泳

run→running 跑步

dig→digging 挖、掘

begin→beginning 开始

prefer→preferring 宁愿

plan→planning 计划

15) 肯定句变否定句及疑问句要变化的一些词

1.some变为any。如:

There are some birds in the tree.
→There aren't any birds in the tree.

但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some可以不变。如:

Would you like some orange juice?

与此相关的一些不定代词如something, somebody等也要进行相应变化。

2.and变为or。如:

I have a knife and a ruler.

→I don't have a knife or a ruler.

3.a lot of (=lots of)变为many或much。如:

They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)

→They don't have many friends.

There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词)

→There isn't much orange in the bottle.

4.already变为yet。如:

I have been there already.

→I haven't been there yet.

16) in与after

in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。

1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如:

He will leave for Beijing in a week.

一周后他会动身去北京。

2.after 经常用于过去时的句子中,以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间。如:

He left for Beijing after a week.

一周后他动身去了北京。

不过,如果after后跟的是具体的时刻,它也可用于将来时。如:

We will finish the work after ten o'clock.

十点后我们会完成工作的。

3.注意区分以下的in的用法。

I'll visit him in a week.

一周后我会去拜访他。
I'll visit him twice in a week.

一周内我会去拜访他两次。

17) 不定冠词a与an的使用

1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is a "b" in the word "book".

单词book中有个字母b。

类似的字母还有:c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。

She has a small knife.

她有一把小刀。

2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is an "i" in the word "onion".

单词onion中有个字母i。

类似的字母还有:a, e, f, h, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。

Do you have an umbrella?

你有一把雨伞吗?

3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a。如:

a useful book

a universe

a one-letter word

an hour

an uncle

an umbrella

an honest person

18) 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?

英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:

1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:

He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。

You'd better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。

2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:

The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。
The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。

3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是“衣服”。如:

Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。

dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:

The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。

4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:

John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。

The man in black is a football coach.

19) a little, a few 与 a bit (of)

a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别在哪里呢?

1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:

There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。

还可以接形容词。如:

He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。

2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:

There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。

3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:

It's a bit cold. 有点冷。

a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:

He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。

4. a little 表肯定意义,little 表否定意义;a few 表肯定意义,few 表否定意义。如:

There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。

There is little soda in the glass. 杯子里几乎没有汽水了。

I have a few Chinese friends. 我有一些中国朋友。

Few people like him. 几乎没有人喜欢他。

5. a little = a bit of, 后接不可数名词;

a little = a bit = a little bit = kind of, 后接形容词,意为“有点儿”。

20) 关于like的用法

like 可以作动词,也可以作介词。

1、like 作动词,表示一般性的“爱好、喜欢”,有泛指的含义。如:

Do you like the color?你喜爱这种颜色吗?

like 后可接不定式(like to do sth),也可接动词的-ing分词(like doing sth),有时意思不尽相同。如:

She likes eating apples.她喜爱吃苹果。(习惯)

She likes to eat an apple.她喜爱吃一粒苹果。(平常不喜欢吃)

like 与 would 连用,后接不定式,表示愿望或客气的请求。如:

Would you like a cup of tea?您愿意喝杯茶吗?

“喜欢某人做某事”可以用结构“like sb to do sth/doing sth”。如:

They all like me to sing/singing English songs.他们都喜欢我唱英文歌。

2、like 作介词,可译成“像......”。如:

She is friendly to us like a mother.她对我们友好,就像母亲一样。

It looks like an orange.它看起来像个桔子。

3、区分以下句子:

A. What does he look like?

B. What is he like?

A句译为“他长相如何?”指一个人的外貌特征;而B句译为“他人怎么样?”指人的性格特点。

C. The boy like Peter is over there.

D. A boy like Peter can't do it.

A句指外貌相似,而D句指性格相似。

21) stop to do sth 与 stop doing sth

1. stop to do sth 意为“停下来去做某事”。如:

The students stop to listen to their teacher.

学生们停下来去听他们老师讲话。

2. stop doing sth 意为“停止做某事”。如:

The students stopped talking. 学生们停止了谈话。

与它们相反的句式是:go on to do sth “继续做某事(与刚才一事不同)”和 go on doing sth “继续做某事(与刚才同一件事)”。如:

He finishes his homework and goes on to study English.
他完成了作业,接着继续去念英语。

They went on playing games. 他们继续玩游戏。
不定冠词a与an的使用

1.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is a "b" in the word "book".

单词book中有个字母b。

类似的字母还有:c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z。

She has a small knife.

她有一把小刀。

2.an 用于以元音音素开头的单词前。如:

There is an "i" in the word "onion".

单词onion中有个字母i。

类似的字母还有:a, e, f, h, l, m, n, o, r, s, x。

Do you have an umbrella?

你有一把雨伞吗?

3.以元音字母开头的单词前面不一定都用an;以辅音字母开头的单词前面也不一定都用a。如:

a useful book

a universe

a one-letter word

an hour

an uncle

an umbrella

an honest person

18) 如何表达英语中的“穿、戴”?

英语中表示“穿、戴”的表达方法有好几种,常见的有以下这些:

1、put on 主要表达“穿”的动作。如:

He put on his coat.他穿上了他的外套。

You'd better put on your shoes.你最好穿上你的鞋子。

2、wear 主要表示“穿、戴”的状态。如:

The old man wears a pair of glasses.老人戴着一副眼镜。
The girl is wearing a red skirt.那女孩穿着一条红色的短裙。

3、dress 可作及物动词,有“给......穿衣”的意思,后接“人”,而不是“衣服”。如:

Please dress the children right now.请立即给孩子们穿上衣服。

dress 也可作不及物动词,表示衣着的习惯。如:

The woman always dresses in green.那位妇女总是穿绿色的衣服。

4、be in 表示穿着的状态。如:

John is in white today.约翰今天穿白色的衣服。

The man in black is a football coach.

19) a little, a few 与 a bit (of)

a little, a few 与 a bit (of) 都有“一些、少量”的意义。他们的区别在哪里呢?
1. a little 意为“一些、少量”,后接不可数名词。如:

There is a little water in the bottle. 瓶子里有一点水。

还可以接形容词。如:

He is a little shy. 他有些害羞。

2. a few 意为“一些、少数”,后接复数的可数名词。如:

There are a few people in the room. 房间里有一些人。

3. a bit 意为“一点儿”,后接形容词。如:

It's a bit cold. 有点冷。

a bit of 后接不可数名词。如:

He has a bit of money. 他有一点儿钱。

4. a little 表肯定意义,little 表否定意义;a few 表肯定意义,few 表否定意义。如:

There is a little soda in the glass. 杯子里有一点儿汽水。

There is little soda in the glass. 杯子里几乎没有汽水了。

I have a few Chinese friends. 我有一些中国朋友。

Few people like him. 几乎没有人喜欢他。

5. a little = a bit of, 后接不可数名词;

a little = a bit = a little bit = kind of, 后接形容词,意为“有点儿”。

C. 外研版九年级上册英语1,2模块知识点

推荐你个网站,中学学科网 里面很多课件 也有知识点总结,我备课经常在那里找资料。我们这儿的教材是牛津的。 自己动手总结会印象更深刻的。

D. 外研社九年级英语上册主要讲了什么语法知识点

外研社九年级英语上册语法知识点:

1. What are you up to? 你在做什么?
2. Would you like a hand …? 你想要帮忙吗?
3. have a look at … 看一看…
4. in the centre of …. 在…的中央
5. on our way back from… 在我们从…回来的路上
6. I bet you do! 我打赌你会做到的。
7. only once + 句子 只有在…的条件下才行
Unit 2
1.take a helicopter tour
take/ go on a… tour 表示进行…旅途
goon a camel ride 骑骆驼旅游
2. be surprised at sth. 对某事感到惊讶
Tom wassurprised at the result of the exam.
be surprised todo sth. 对做某事感到惊讶
Tom wassurprised to hear the news.
3. at different times of the day 在每天的不同时刻
4. in many ways 在很多方面
They are likeus in many ways.
in differentways 用不同的方法
I can work out this math problem indifferent ways.
ina way 在某种程度上来说
Ina way,that can be compared with the introction of the Internet in the 20thcentury.
by theway 顺便说一下
5. be similar to 与…相似
Hisanswer is similar to mine.
6. have a good/bad temper
有好/坏脾气
Miss Li is very kind. She has a good temper.
7. keep doing sth. 不断做某事
It keepsraining these days.
Mole8 Unit 1
1. at the back/front 在后面/前面
on the left/right 在左边/右边
2. over 越过
climb over the wall 爬过这道墙
see over the people 越过人群看
3. enter the competition
=take part in the competition 参加比赛
4. You bet! (口语)当然!
5. get sb. doing sth.
= make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
How did you get thecamera working?
= How did you makethe camera work?
6. How did you get on? 你进展怎样?
get on well with sb. 与某人相处融洽
get on well with sth. 某事进展顺利
He gets on well with his classmates.
Mary didn’t get on well with her work.
7. be in with a chance to dosth.
= have a chance to do sth. 有机会去做某事
8. have gone = bemissing
= be lost = get lost 不见了,失踪了
My watch has gone.
=My watch is missing.
= My watch is/gets lost.
9. You are kidding! 你在开玩笑吧!
10. expect to do sth. 期待,料到去做某事
11. pick up sth. 捡起某物
pick up sb. 接人
My father picks me up everyday.
Unit 2
1. be pleased with sb./sth.
对某人/某物感到满意
2. even though + 句子
= even if + 句子
即使…(对虚拟的情况进行让步)
I won’t go to the party even though/ifI have time.
即使我有时间我也不会去参加聚会的。
though = although
虽然…(对现实的情况进行让步)
I didn’t go to the party though/although Ihad time.
虽然我有时间,但是我没有去参加聚会。
3.read on 继续读
动词+on 表示继续做某事
4.know … well 对…熟悉
5. manage to do sth. 设法去做某事
We managed to get what we wanted.
我们设法得到了我们想要的东西。
6. a collection of 一组…
7. work on sth. 从事…
8. Congratulations tosb. 祝贺某人
9. present the prize 颁奖
give prizes to sb. 给某人颁奖
which, who 引导的定语从句
Mole9 Unit 1
1. Oh dear! 天啊!
2. It’s no laughingmatter.
这不是什么可笑的事情。
3. over there 在那边
4. have a word with sb. 和某人说句话
5. That’s good news. 这是个好消息。
news是不可数名词,前面不能加a
可以加量词 a piece of news
two pieces of news
6. Here you are. 给你。
7. be in deep trouble 有大麻烦
Unit 2
1. orange-and-white 黄白相间的
black-and-white 黑白的
2. win the heard of … 赢得…的心
3. a group of 一群…
4. He eats as many peachesas he likes.
他喜欢吃多少桃子就吃多少。
as … as possible 尽可能…
as early as possible 尽早
5. make a mess 弄得一团糟
6. ever since + 句子 自从…
7. translate … into … 把…翻译成…
8. have sth. done (bysb.)
把某物让别人…了
We hadthe machine mended.
我们把机器让人修好了。
He hashad his hair cut.
他把头发请人给他剪了。
9.选择疑问句:
在一般疑问句后加or …构成选择疑问句。
选择疑问句不能回答Yes或No,要选择其中一个进行回答。如:
--Are you in Class 1 or Class 2?
--I’m in Class 1.
/I’m in Class 2.
/Neither, I’m in Class 5.
10. 在定从中,当先行词是人和事物时,关系代词只能用that。如:
I often think of thepersons and things that I saw in the journey.
我经常想起在旅途中遇见的人和事物。
定从中只能用that的情况
1. 当先行词是everything, anything,nothing, something, all, none, few, little, 等代词时,只能用that。如:
Have you taken down everythingthat Mr. Li said?
你记下李老师讲的一切了吗?
All that can be done hasbeen done.
所有能做的都做好了。
2. 当先行词被序数词和形容词最高级修饰的时候,只能用that。如:
The first place that theyvisited in London was the Big Ben.
他们在伦敦参观的第一个地方是大本钟。
This is the best film thatI have ever seen.
这是我看过的最好的电影。
3. 当主句有who, which等疑问词时,定从只能用that引导。如:
Who is the man thatis standing over there?
站在那边的人是谁?
Which is the T-Shirt thatyou bought?
你买的T恤是哪一件?
4. 当先行词是人和事物时,关系代词只能用that。如:
I often think of the persons and things thatI saw in the journey.
我经常想起在旅途中遇见的人和事物。
Mole 10Unit 1
1. a bit + 形容词= a little 形容词
表示“有点…”
I’m a bit tired. =I’m a little tired.
我有点累了。
a little + 不可数名词
a bit of + 不可数名词
There is a littletime left.
= There is a bit oftime left.
还剩下一点时间。
2. give up 放弃
give up doingsth. 放弃做某事
My father gaveup smoking 2 years ago.
我爸爸2年前戒烟了。
3. stay fit = keep fit 保持健康
4.need to do sth. 需要做某事
5. take exercise 做运动
exercise 表示“锻炼”时是不可数名词,
表示练习时,是可数名词
doing morning exercise 做晨练
do eye exercise 做眼操
These maths exercises arevery difficult.
这些数学习题很难。
6. go running 去跑步
go swimming 去游泳
go sightseeing 去观光
7. talk to sb. 跟某人说话
talk with sb. 跟某人交谈
8. nearly adv. 几乎,差不多
Nearly 300 students entered thecompetition.
差不多300个学生参加了比赛。
The car nearly hitthe man.
车差点撞到那个男子。
9. not … any more 不再…
10. bump into sb. 碰见
I bumped into an old friendyesterday.
昨天我碰见一个老朋友。
Unit 2
1. know about 了解
2. include v.包括
including 介词. 可以做伴随状语
Your ties includedoing the cleaning and cooking.
你的职责包括做清洁和做饭。
Manypeople like pop music including my grandpa.
很多人都喜欢流行音乐,包括我爷爷。
3.persuade sb. (not) to do sth.
说服某人做(不要做)某事
My father persuadedme not to join the club. 爸爸劝说我不要参加那个俱乐部。
4.ban … from … 禁止…进入…
ban … fromdoing sth. 禁止…做某事
Mobile phonesmust be banned from schools. 应该禁止带手机进入学校。
The policemanbanned him from driving.
警察禁止他开车。
5. a TV programme showed his visits to theschool. 一个电视节目播放了他的这次学校之行。
(这里visit是名词,后面的to the school是定语)
6. get/have sth. done 把某物给…了
get things done 把事情做了。
I’ll have/get my computerrepaired.
我要把电脑给修了。
7. put on weight 增加体重
loseweight 减肥
8. in order todo sth. 为了…
What do yousometimes have to do in order to get fit?
有时候你不得不做什么来健身呢?
whose引导的定从
当先行词与从句中某个名词有所属关系时,就用whose引导定从。如:
There is a boy in our team.
The boy’s parents want him to go to a
sports school.
--- There is a boy in our team whoseparents want him to go to a sports school.
通常包含whose引导的定从的句子可以
译成两句汉语。如以上句子可以译成:
在我们队里有个男孩,他的父母想让他参加体校。
先行词是人是物都可以用whose引导,如:
1)He is the only student in our class
whose father is a policeman.
他是我们班唯一一个爸爸是警察的学生。
2)The desk whose leg is broken will
be repaired.
那张断了只脚的桌子将被拿去修理。
Mole 11
数字的写法和读法
1.1—10
one two three four five six seven eight nine ten
2. 11—20
eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen
nineteen twenty
3. 几十
twenty thirty forty fifty
sixty seventy eighty ninety
注意:four要去掉u再加ty; nine直接加ty
只有变为序数词时nine要去e加th.
4. 几十几
注意:十位数和十位数之间要加连字符
twenty-six ninety-seven
5. 百位数和十位数之间可以加and也可以不加。当十位数为零时,一定要加and
156 one hundred (and) fifty-six
509 five hundred and nine
6. 英语里每三个数为一个单位,用一个逗号隔开。第一个逗号为thousand(千);第二个逗号为million(百万);第三个逗号为billion(十亿)。如:
7. 表示具体数字时,hundred,thousand million,billion不能加s;表达一个大概的数字时,可以加s fivethousand students 五千个学生 thousandsof students 好几千个学生
8. 序数词的构成;在基数词后加th
特殊变化的序数词: first second third fifth eighth ninth twelfth twentieth
9. 整十的数字把y改为ie再加th twentieth fiftieth
10. 几十几的数字只用把个位数变成序数词 twenty-first sixty-fourth
11.分数的表达:
分子用基数词,分母用序数词。
当分子大于1时,分母要复数。
1/3 one third
1/2 a half
1/4 one fourth = a quarter
3/10 threetenths
Mole11 Unit 1
1. What’s the population of…?
某地的人口有多少?
Thepopulation is big/large.
人口多。
(注意:形容人口多不能用many来修饰population;people才能用many来修饰)
2. along with = togetherwith
连同,与…在一起
Tintinhas been to many places along with his dog.
3. look up 查看,查(字典)
I’ll lookup the word in the dictionary.
4. comp up 出现,进行
He cameup at last.
最后他出现了。
Thesports meeting will come up next month.
下个月将进行运动会。
5. thanks to 多亏
Thanksto the policeman, the boy was found.
多亏了警察,孩子被找到了。
thanksto = because of 由于
Unit 2
1. over + 时间 表示“在…期间”
overthe last 50 years 在上个50年间
over the past 10 years 在过去的10年间
2. in the distance 在远处
3. be close to … 靠近…
4. no + 单数名词= not a +单数名词
No + 复数名词 = not any + 复数名词
Thereis no student in the classroom.
= Thereisn’t a student in the classroom.
Thereare no clouds in the sky.
= Therearen’t any clouds in the sky.
5. room 作可数名词时表示“房间”
作不可数名词时表示“空间”
Thereare 3 rooms in my house.
我家有3间房。
Thereis little room for the desk.
没有空间来放这张桌子了。
6. close down 关闭,倒闭
7. add to 增加
8. run 可以表示“经营,管理”
runa company 经营一个公司
run acity 管理一个城市
9. protect … from …
保护…不受…(的侵害)
protect people fromcrime
保护人民不受不法活动的侵害
Mole12 Unit 1
1. give a warm welcome to sb.
热烈欢迎某人
welcome 既可以做动词也可以做名词
Let’s welcome Tomto our class.
2. be pleased/happy to do sth.
高兴去做某事
3. as a pupil = when I was a pupil
当我是个学生的时候
4. my time here was very important.
我在这里的时间是非常重要的。
句中的here作定语,修饰time,要后置。
The people thereare very friendly.
那里的人们很友善。
5. free adj. 自由的,有空的,免费的
The bird is free inthe sky.
鸟儿在天空很自由。
Are you free thisSunday?
这个星期天你有空吗?
The food there is free.
那里的食物是免费的。
6. each 表示“每个”
做形容词时等于every,但each 强调“个体”,every 强调“整体”。如:
Each/Everystudent has an English book.
每个学生都有一本英语书。
(用every student 表达相当于 all the students )
each还可以作副词,不能用every替代。如:
They earned 100dollars each.
他们每人赚了100美元。
7.watch sb. do sth. 观看某人做某事
Unit 2
1. experience n. 经验(u.n.),经历(c.n.)
experience v. 体验
experienced adj. 有经验的
He has much experiencein teaching.
他有丰富的教学经验。
Please tell me your experiencesin Africa.
请告诉我你在非洲的经历。
Have you ever experiencedpoorness?
你有没有经历过贫穷?
He is an experiencedteacher.
他是一个有经验的教师。
2. up to + 数字 直到,至多
We can invite up to 20people.
我们可以邀请至多20个人。
3. progress 进展(不可数名词)
makeprogress with/in sth.
在某方面取得进步
I’ve made progresswith/in English.
我的英语已经有了进步。
4. take place 发生, 进行(没有被动语态)
The story took place on acold winter morning.
这个故事发生在一个寒冷的冬天的早上。
The training course will takeplace next week.
这个培训课程下周开始。
5. choose to do sth. 选择去做某事
6. a place of interest
名胜(在place这里变复数)
Howmany places of interest have you been to?
你去过多少个名胜了?
7. fill in 填写
fill in the blanks 填空
fill in the form 填表
fill sth. with sth. 用…装满…
8. where 引导的定从
当先行词在定从中做地点状语时,用where来引导。where = 介词+which。如:
Do you know the factory whereyour father works?
= Do you know the factory whichyour father works in?
你知道你爸爸工作的工厂吗?

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