导航:首页 > 英语语法 > 高中英语状语从句语法

高中英语状语从句语法

发布时间:2021-02-25 19:53:20

① 高中英语语法几种从句的辨别方法及答题技巧

高中英语中共有三大从句:一、形容词性从句(即定语从句);二、名词性从句;三、状语从句。

形容词性从句在句中起到修饰作用,相当于一个形容词,作先行词的定语,有限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句之别。限定性定语从句不能随意去掉,否则句子意思无法表达明白。如:He is the man who bought my book yesterday. 如果去掉定语从句,此话没有什么意思。而非限定性定语从句与先行词关系不是很紧密,可以去掉,不影响主句的主要意思的表达。I met an old woman in the shop yesterday, who was about 80.

名词性从句共有四大类型:主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位语从句。名词性从句,顾名思义,整个句子相当于句子中的一个名词,充当主句的主语、表语、宾语或者同位语。主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句只有在主句句子的成分残缺时才可以考虑使用以上三大从句。而同位语则是对前面某一名词的展开,即前一名词的具体说明,两者是同等,不是定语从句的修饰与被修饰关系。如:【同位语从句】We heard the news that he had gone to Beijing yesterday.此句中the news 和 that he had gone to Beijing yesterday.是同一意思,可以替换。the news 去掉,that 引导的则成了宾语从句,不过意思没变。

关于状语从句,主要是为主句谓语动词的发生提供一个时间(when)、地点(where)、条件(if)等等。常见的状语从句有:1.时间状语从句2.地点状语从句;3.原因状语从句;4.条件状语从句;5.目的状语从句;6.让步状语从句;7.比较状语从句;8.程度状语从句;9.方式状语从句;10.结果状语从句。

② 高中英语主要语法有哪些

名词性从句(我记得好像主语和定语从句考得多一点),名词的单复数形式,不定式,宾语从句虚拟语气,状语从句,冠词的运用,还有动词的时态语态,倒装

③ 高中英语语法状语从句。you can borrow my car ______you promise not to drive too fast

A不对。如果去掉not即unless
you
promise
to
drive...就对了,unless是如果不,要是选A就成了你保证开的特别快我才把车借你。

④ 英语语法状语从句

比较状语从句经常是省略了与主句相同的词语,因此,此句补全是:
The situation is better than (the situation) (that) I expected (is good).这个情况比我预料的情况要好。
than (the situation) (that) I expected (is good) 这是比较状语从句部分,括号中的词语就是被省去的、与主句相同的词语, the situation是从句中的主语,that I expected是定语从句,修饰the situation, 作宾语的关系代词that可以省去掉。 is 是从句中的谓语动词,good是表语, 这两个与主句相同,因此被省略。
回答完毕,希望我的回答能有帮助。

⑤ 【高中英语】状语从句语法题!!!!

第一个选B,表示作为一个
第二个选C,(表达“我会去的,如果邀请的话”),
第三个选B,表示自从。。。
第四个选C,(表示如此好的天气,后面跟了形容词修饰过的名词,不能用SO),
第五个选A,强调a
child,表示当WUDONG是孩子时,恢复原句为:As
Wu
Dongbo
is
a
child,
第六个选B,表示不管多少钱,我都会买那幅画。
希望能帮到你。

⑥ 高中英语语法——从句共有几种类型请分别给出详细讲解

主语从抄句
(一般句首,it作形式袭主语),表语从句(系动词后),宾语从句(介词
动词后,it作形式宾语)同位语从句(idea,suggestion,promise等特殊词后,解释说明)
-------名词性从句
定语从句(名词
代词后
that
which
who
whose
连接)
非限制性定语从句
不能用that
状语从句
指句子用作状语时,起副词作用的句子。它可以修饰谓语、非谓语动词、定语、状语或整个句子。根据其作用可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、目的、结果、让步、方式和比较等从句。状语从句一般由连词(从属连词)引导,也可以由词组引起。从句位于句首或句中时通常用逗号与主句隔开,位于句尾时可以不用逗号隔开。

⑦ 跪求高中英语的语法归纳。如:让步状语从句,宾语从句,状语从句,时间状语从句.....(怎样区分他们

时间状语从句
时间状语从句常用的连词when,whenever, will, as, before, after, until, till, by the time, as soon as,hardly…when, no sooner… than, the moment, immediately, directly, instantly
As he walked along the lake, he sanghappily
After he finished middle school, he went towork in a factory.
It was raining hard when I got to schoolyesterday.
比较, when, as
1)as, when 引导短暂性动作的动词。Just as / Just when / When I stopped my car, a man came up tome.
2)当从句的动作发生于主句动作之前,只能用when 引导这个从句,不可用as 或 while。
When you have finished your work, you mayhave a rest.
3)从句表示"随时间推移"连词能用as,不用when 或while。
As the day went on, the weather got worse.日子一天天过去,天气越变越坏
4)When: 表示时间点,还可以表原因,译作“既然”。还可以翻译成"突然"
5)While: 表示时间段,还可以用来表示对比翻译成“而”。While放在句首要翻译成“尽管”引导让步状语从句。
时间状语从句:the moment
有一些表示时间的名词短语也可用来引导时间状语从句the minute, the moment, every time, the first time
The moment he reached the country, he started his search.他一到达这个国家,就开始他的探寻工作。
Every time I saw the straw hat, it reminded me of thetour I made years before.
每当我看到那顶草帽,它就使我想起几年前的那次旅游
I thought her nice and honest the first time I met her. 我第一次见到她就觉得她诚实而友善。
时间状语从句:directly等。有一些表示时间的副词也可用来引导时间状语从句:
Directly the master came in, everyone was quiet.校长一进来, 大家就安静下来。
The young lady rushed into the room immediately she heard the noise.那位年轻女士一听到响声就冲进房间。
until 和not …until的区别 Until 要与延续性动词连用; not…until 要与非延续性动词连用
1. Until句子翻译成动作直到…时候才结束。
2.Not…until句子要翻译成动作直到…时候才开始。
I slept until 12 o’clock. 我睡觉睡到12点。
We didn’t get down to working until MsZhang came in. 我们直到张老师进来才开始认真的工作。
表示"一…就…"的结构 hardly/scarcely…when/before, no sooner…than和as soon as
例:I had hardly/ scarcely got home when it began to rain.
I had no sooner got home than it began torain.
As soon as I got home, it began to rain.
注意:如果hardly,scarcely 或no sooner置于句首,句子必须用倒装结构:
Hardly / Scarcely had I got home when itbegan to rain.
No sooner had I got home than it began torain.

地点状语 地点状语从句常常由where来引导。
Go where you like.
Where there is a will, there is a way.
Make a mark where you have a question.

原因状语从句
原因状语从句连接词because,since, as , now that(既然),for
He is disappointed because he didn't getthe position.
As it is raining, I will not go out.
Now that you mention it, I do remember.
比较:because, since, as和for
1)because语势最强,用来说明人所不知的原因,回答why提出的问题。当原因是显而易见的或已为人们所知,就用as或 since. I didn't go, because I was afraid.
Since /As the weather is so bad, we have todelay our journey.
2)由because引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用for来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用for。
He is absent today, because / for he isill. He must beill, for he is absent today.
3) because和so不能同用在一个句子里。

条件状语从句
连词If, unless,once, as long as, on condition that
①If he is notin the office, he must be out for lunch.
②You mayborrow the book so long as you keep it clean.
③So far as Iknow(据我所知), hewill be away for three months.
④You can goswimming on condition that ( = if ) you don't go too far away from the riverbank.
⑤If he had come a few minutes earlier, hecould have seen her.

目的状语从句
连接词so, so that(从句谓语常有情态动词), in order that, in case(以防,以免)for fear that
①Speak clearly, so that they may understandyou.
②She has bought the book in order that shecould follow the TV lessons.
③He left early in case he should miss thetrain.

结果状语从句
连接词so that (从句谓语一般没有情态动词), so … that, such …that
She was ill, so that she didn’t attend themeeting.
He was so excited that he could not say aword.
She is such a good teacher that everyoneadmires her.
比较:so和 such 其规律由so与such的不同词性决定。
such 是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组,so 是副词,只能修饰形容词或副词。
so 还可与表示数量的形容词many, few, much, little连用,形成固定搭配。
so foolish such a fool
so nice a flower such a nice flower
so many / few flowers such nice flowers
so much / little money. suchrapid progress
so many people such a lot of people
( so many 已成固定搭配,a lot of 虽相当于 many,但 a lot of 为名词性的,只能用such搭配。)
比较状语从句
比较状语从句连接词:than,so (as) … as, the more … the more
I have made a lot more mistakes than youhave.
He smokes cigarettes as expensive as he canafford.
The busier he is, the happier he feels.
方式状语从句
方式状语从句连接词as,as if (though), the way, rather than
You must do the exercise as I show you.
He acted as if nothing had happened.
He decided to quit rather than accept thenew rules.
让步状语从句
连接词although,though, as, even if (though), however, whatever, whether…or, no matter who(when, what, …)
Though he is a child, he knows a lot==Childas he is, he knows a lot.
Whatever ( = No matter what ) you say, I’llnever change my mind.
让步状语从句(1) though,although
注意: 当有though, although时,后面的从句不能有but,
但是 though 和yet, still nevertheless(仍然,不过)可连用
Although it's raining, they are stillworking in the field.虽然在下雨,但他们仍在地里干活。
He is very old, but he still works veryhard. 虽然他很老,但仍然努力地工作。
让步状语从句(2) as,though 引导的倒装句
as /though引导的让步从句必须表语或状语提前(形容词、副词、分词、实义动词提前)。 Childas /though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.= Though he was a small child, heknew what was the right thing to do.
注意: a.句首名词不能带任何冠词。
b.句首是实义动词,其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语,随实义动词一起放在主语之前。Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the worksatisfactorily.== Though he tries hard, he never seems…虽然他尽了努力,但他的工作总做的不尽人意。
让步状语从句(3)
3)ever if, even though.即使
We'll make a trip even though the weatheris bad.
4) whether…or- 不管……都 Whether you believe it or not, it is true.
让步状语从句(4)
5)"no matter +疑问词" 或"疑问词+后缀ever"
No matter what happened, he would notmind.
Whatever happened, he would not mind.
替换: no matter what = whatever no matter who = whoever no matter when = whenever
no matter where = wherever nomatter which = whichever no matter how= however
6) 注意:no matter 不能引导主语从句和宾语从句。
状语从句的省略
1.当状语从句的主语和主句的主语一致时,可省略状语从句的主语和be动词。
e.g.As a young man, Lincoln was astorekeeper and a postmaster.
2. 当从句的主语是it, 谓语动词是be动词时,可以把it和be一起省略。此时构成“连词(if, unless, when, whenever)+形容词”的结构。Thoughcold,he still worea shirt.
3. If =so/not省略句式中,用so/not代替上文的内容。
Get up early tomorrow. If not(=If you don'tget up early), you will miss the first note.

⑧ 英语语法状语从句讲解详细

http://wenku..com/view/ea0546661ed9ad51f01df231.html

网络文库,免费下载的专~属

⑨ 高中英语语法包括什么

一、关系代词引导的定语从句

1、that 指人或物在从句中作主语,宾语或表语

which 指物在从句中作主语,宾语或表语(作宾语时可以省略)

who 指人在从句中作主语,宾语或表语

whom 指人在从句中作宾语

whose 指人或物在从句中作定语

as 指人或物在从句中作主语,宾语或表语

but 指人或物在从句中作主语,宾语或表语

注意:指物时,whose+名词=the+名词+of which或 of which+the+名词

2、as 的用法

(1)常用于下列结构:such…as; so…as;the same…as; as…as

注意:the same…as 表示同一类,不同一个

the same…that 表示同一个

(2)as与which的区别

a、位置不同

as可放在主句后,主句前或主句中间;which只能放在主句后。

b、as起连接作用,表达说话人的观点、看法,并指出主句内容的根据或出处,意为“正如,正像”。

Which相当于并列句,可以用and this来代替,意为“这一点,这件事’”。

注意:as常用于下列结构:as we know/ as is known to all, as we all can see, as has been said before/above,

as might be excepted, as is often the case, 一般不能用which代替as。

c、在从句中作主语时,which既可作系动词be的主语也可作实义动词的主语,而as只可作系动词be的主语。

二、只用that不用which的情况

1、.先行词为 all , much, everything, nothing , something ,anything, nothing, none, the one等不定代词时

2、先行词被only, any, few, little, no , all, just , very ,right等修饰时.

3、 当先行词是最高级或被形容词最高级修饰时。

4、 当先行词是序数词或被序数词修饰时。

5、当先行词是数词时.

6、 当先行词既指人又指物时。

7、如有两个定语从句,其中一个关系代词已用which,另一个关系代词则宜用 that。

8、主句是There be结构,修饰其主语的定语从句宜用that 作关系代词。

9、被修饰成分为表语,或者关系代词本身是定语从句的表语时,该关系代词宜用that。

10、先行词为what,关系代词用that。

11、有时为了避免重复而使用that引导定语从句。

三、只用which不用that的情况

1、 当介词放在关系代词之前时。

2、 在非限制性定语从句中。

3、 当关系代词指整个主句的概念时。

四、只用who不用that的情况

1、当先行词是one, ones,anyone或those时。

2、there be 结构中。

3、当先行词是人,后面有较长修饰语时。

4、为了避免重复或引起歧义。

5、当先行词是I,you,he,they等时(常用于谚语中)。

6、先行词是指成员的集体名词。

7、who可以引导非限制性定语从句。

8、先行词是拟人化的名词。

9、先行词指特定的人时用who,不指特定的人用that。

五、关系副词引导的定语从句

1、when时间状语

注意:It/Ihis/That + be + the first/ second/ last time that… 只能用that,that可以省略,从句用相应的完成时。

2、where 地点状语

注意:当先行词为模糊的地点时,如point. Situation, case, position, stage, scene, spot, activity, family, job等名词时用where.

3、why 原因状语 先行词为reason。

六、介词与关系代词

1、介词如何确定

(1)依据定语从句中动词的习惯搭配来确定

(2)依据先行词的习惯搭配来确定

(3)根据意思来确定

(4)为了强调某一名词,不定式前加上关系词

2、关系代词作介词的宾语时,介词的位置

(1)whom和which可以和介词一起放在先行词和从句之间,也可以把介词放在从句中有关动词的后面。

(2)含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开,介词仍放在动词的后面。

(3)关系代词that在从句中作介词宾语时,介词不能放在它的前面,只能放在从句中有关动词的后面。

(4)关系代词whose也可以在从句中与它所修饰的名词一起作介词宾语。

3、“名词/数词/代词+介词+关系代词”结构常见的形式有:名词/one/two/some/none/all/both/several/many/most/a few/a little/the+比较级/the+最高级…+of+which/whom。

七、定语从句中的主谓一致

1、关系代词作从句的主语时,从句中谓语动词的人称和数要与先行词保持一致,先行词是句子时,从句的谓语动词用单数形式。

2、“one of+复数名词”位于关系代词前作先行词时,关系代词在从句中作主语,从句的动词通常用复数,但当one前有the,the only,the very等修饰时,从句的谓语动词要用单数。

八、注意way和time后接定语从句的情况

1、当先行词是way,且意为“方式、方法”时,引导定语从句的关系词有下列三种形式:that/in which/不填。

注意:关系词在从句中必须作状语。如果关系词在从句中作主语或宾语,按正常的定语从句分析。

2、当先行词是time时,若time作“次数”讲,应用that引导定语从句,that可省略;若time作“一段时间”讲,应用关系副词when或介词at/ring+which引导定语从句。

⑩ 高中英语语法(从句,强调句等)

所谓某种从句,就是用一个句子充当了某种成分。 定语从句,是用一个句子作定语来修饰一个名词或代词。例如: I like the students who like English . The book that you want is here.(关系代词who和that在句子里要充当语法成分的,这有别于同位语从句) 名词性从句,包括主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句和同位语从句。 主语从句: What he needs is much time. 宾语从句:I didn't know that he had been here , 表语从句:This was where we lived ten years ago . 同位语从句:是用一个句子来解释一个名称的具体内容的。 The news that we will go to the Great Wall is true.其中连接词that不充当任何语法成分。 强调句:它有固定的句型:It is/was +被强调的部分+that +句子其余部分 例如:I saw Tom in the street yesterday.可以强调句子的任何部分(谓语除外) 强调主语:It was I that/who saw Tom in the street yesterday.(强调主语是人连接词可以用that也可以用who) 强调介词短语:It was in the street that I saw Tom yesterday. 如果强调谓语就用加助动词的办法:I did see Tom in the street yesterday.(助动词要看原句时态来选择) 状语从句一共有九种:时间,地点,原因,结果,方式,比较,条件,让步,目的 时间状语从句:When she came here,I was reading English. 条件状语从句:If you study hard,you can learn English well. 不需要比较了,只要你仔细看,就可以区别的。

阅读全文

与高中英语状语从句语法相关的资料

热点内容
肉用英语怎么写单词 浏览:324
小学英语四年级测试听力素材 浏览:258
英语中语言学和语法的区别 浏览:673
在职研究生英语考口语吗 浏览:430
英语四级准考号怎么找回 浏览:178
英语四级证报名费多少钱 浏览:34
外研社小学英语三年级听力 浏览:803
从高考阅卷谈高三英语写作教学 浏览:880
英语选修七单词检测 浏览:963
英语四六级湖北美术出版社新华出版社 浏览:273
牛津四年级英语阅读 浏览:215
英语作文一个语法错误扣几分 浏览:755
需要英语写作过硬 浏览:742
英语四级笔试报名学校是什么意思 浏览:979
人教版八下英语m3单词 浏览:309
常用四级英语谚语 浏览:609
江苏小学五年级英语下听力 浏览:498
日语和英语的语法大全 浏览:381
英语四级口语考几次 浏览:211