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高中英语必备语法句型

发布时间:2021-02-25 19:49:50

⑴ 高中英语语法包括什么

一、关系代词引导的定语从句

1、that 指人或物在从句中作主语,宾语或表语

which 指物在从句中作主语,宾语或表语(作宾语时可以省略)

who 指人在从句中作主语,宾语或表语

whom 指人在从句中作宾语

whose 指人或物在从句中作定语

as 指人或物在从句中作主语,宾语或表语

but 指人或物在从句中作主语,宾语或表语

注意:指物时,whose+名词=the+名词+of which或 of which+the+名词

2、as 的用法

(1)常用于下列结构:such…as; so…as;the same…as; as…as

注意:the same…as 表示同一类,不同一个

the same…that 表示同一个

(2)as与which的区别

a、位置不同

as可放在主句后,主句前或主句中间;which只能放在主句后。

b、as起连接作用,表达说话人的观点、看法,并指出主句内容的根据或出处,意为“正如,正像”。

Which相当于并列句,可以用and this来代替,意为“这一点,这件事’”。

注意:as常用于下列结构:as we know/ as is known to all, as we all can see, as has been said before/above,

as might be excepted, as is often the case, 一般不能用which代替as。

c、在从句中作主语时,which既可作系动词be的主语也可作实义动词的主语,而as只可作系动词be的主语。

二、只用that不用which的情况

1、.先行词为 all , much, everything, nothing , something ,anything, nothing, none, the one等不定代词时

2、先行词被only, any, few, little, no , all, just , very ,right等修饰时.

3、 当先行词是最高级或被形容词最高级修饰时。

4、 当先行词是序数词或被序数词修饰时。

5、当先行词是数词时.

6、 当先行词既指人又指物时。

7、如有两个定语从句,其中一个关系代词已用which,另一个关系代词则宜用 that。

8、主句是There be结构,修饰其主语的定语从句宜用that 作关系代词。

9、被修饰成分为表语,或者关系代词本身是定语从句的表语时,该关系代词宜用that。

10、先行词为what,关系代词用that。

11、有时为了避免重复而使用that引导定语从句。

三、只用which不用that的情况

1、 当介词放在关系代词之前时。

2、 在非限制性定语从句中。

3、 当关系代词指整个主句的概念时。

四、只用who不用that的情况

1、当先行词是one, ones,anyone或those时。

2、there be 结构中。

3、当先行词是人,后面有较长修饰语时。

4、为了避免重复或引起歧义。

5、当先行词是I,you,he,they等时(常用于谚语中)。

6、先行词是指成员的集体名词。

7、who可以引导非限制性定语从句。

8、先行词是拟人化的名词。

9、先行词指特定的人时用who,不指特定的人用that。

五、关系副词引导的定语从句

1、when时间状语

注意:It/Ihis/That + be + the first/ second/ last time that… 只能用that,that可以省略,从句用相应的完成时。

2、where 地点状语

注意:当先行词为模糊的地点时,如point. Situation, case, position, stage, scene, spot, activity, family, job等名词时用where.

3、why 原因状语 先行词为reason。

六、介词与关系代词

1、介词如何确定

(1)依据定语从句中动词的习惯搭配来确定

(2)依据先行词的习惯搭配来确定

(3)根据意思来确定

(4)为了强调某一名词,不定式前加上关系词

2、关系代词作介词的宾语时,介词的位置

(1)whom和which可以和介词一起放在先行词和从句之间,也可以把介词放在从句中有关动词的后面。

(2)含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开,介词仍放在动词的后面。

(3)关系代词that在从句中作介词宾语时,介词不能放在它的前面,只能放在从句中有关动词的后面。

(4)关系代词whose也可以在从句中与它所修饰的名词一起作介词宾语。

3、“名词/数词/代词+介词+关系代词”结构常见的形式有:名词/one/two/some/none/all/both/several/many/most/a few/a little/the+比较级/the+最高级…+of+which/whom。

七、定语从句中的主谓一致

1、关系代词作从句的主语时,从句中谓语动词的人称和数要与先行词保持一致,先行词是句子时,从句的谓语动词用单数形式。

2、“one of+复数名词”位于关系代词前作先行词时,关系代词在从句中作主语,从句的动词通常用复数,但当one前有the,the only,the very等修饰时,从句的谓语动词要用单数。

八、注意way和time后接定语从句的情况

1、当先行词是way,且意为“方式、方法”时,引导定语从句的关系词有下列三种形式:that/in which/不填。

注意:关系词在从句中必须作状语。如果关系词在从句中作主语或宾语,按正常的定语从句分析。

2、当先行词是time时,若time作“次数”讲,应用that引导定语从句,that可省略;若time作“一段时间”讲,应用关系副词when或介词at/ring+which引导定语从句。

⑵ 高中英语语法知识【重点句型】

这个问题太广,建议你缩小一下范围,我们才能帮你

⑶ 高中英语语法,句型,句式有汇总的吗

买辅导书或是借老师的笔记

⑷ 高中英语语法,句型,句式有汇总的吗

推荐看《英来语思维:解密英语语源法的原理》一书或同名课程,其中涉及的语法更加全面更加浓缩,学起来也很有趣,甚至你在一个星期内就可以学透。传统学校英语教育并没有真正地理解英语语法,并没有真正建立起系统全面的语法框架体系,所以导致在教学的时候不能系统的进行教学,也讲不透英语语法的真正本质内涵,导致在教学的时候细碎杂乱,没有真正理解,只能照本宣科,学生也只能死记硬背,也就导致了学习的机械僵化不能灵活应用。

英语语法非常重要,语法学透了,好比在你的头脑中建立一个强悍的英语语法和思维处理器,这时做语法题,阅读理解,英文写作等基本不会在有问题,剩下的就是如何增加词汇量和高效的练习听说读写。

⑸ 高中有哪些常用且重要的英语语法谢谢

第01章 名词性抄从句
第02章 “It”用法及其句型和固定搭配讲解
第03章 高中英语语法中的省略现象
第04章 主谓一致
第05章 动词不定式
第06章 倒装结构
第07章 定语从句
第08章 被动语态
第09章 祈使句
第10章 感叹句
第11章 疑问句
第12章 名词

⑹ 高中英语语法句型(全一点哦)

非谓语动词

在句子中充当除谓语以外的句子成分的动词形式叫做非谓语动词。非谓语动词分为三种形式:不定式,动名词,和分词(分词包括现在分词和过去分词)。

1)不定式
时态\语态 主动 被动
一般式 to do to be done
完成式 to have done to have been done

2)动名词
时态\语态 主动 被动
一般式 doing being done
完成式 having done having been done

3)分词
时态\语态 主动 被动
一般式 doing being done
完成式 having done having been done

否定形式: not +不定式, not + 动名词, not + 现在分词

倒装句之全部倒装

全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和 一般过去时。常见的结构有:
1) here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。
There goes the bell.
Then came the chairman.
Here is your letter.

2) 表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词。
Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.
Ahead sat an old woman.

注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。
Here he comes. Away they went.
倒装句之部分倒装

部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do, does或did,并将其置于主语之前。

1) 句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。
Never have I seen such a performance.
Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.
Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.
当Not until引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。

注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。
I have never seen such a performance.
The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep.

典型例题

1) Why can't I smoke here?
At no time___ in the meeting-room
A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted
C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit
答案A. 这是一个倒装问题。当否定词语置于句首以表示强调时,其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 这些否定词包括no, little, hardly, seldom, never, not only, not until等。本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time.

2) Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is.
A. man did know B. man know C. didn't man know D. did man know
答案D. 看到Not until…的句型,我们知道为一倒装句,答案在C,D 中选一个。
改写为正常语序为,Man did not know what heat is until the early years of the 19th. 现在将not提前,后面就不能再用否定了,否则意思就变了。

以否定词开头作部分倒装

如 Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than
Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.
Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.
No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

典型例题
No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily.
A. the game began B. has the game begun
C. did the game begin D. had the game begun
答案D. 以具有否定意义的副词放在句首时,一般采用倒装句(谓语前置)。这类表示否定意义的词有never, seldom, scarcely, little, few, not, hardly, 以及not only…but (also), no sooner…than, hardly… when scarcely… when 等等。

注意:只有当Not only… but also连接两个分句时,才在第一个分句用倒装结构。如果置于句首的Not only… but also仅连接两个并列词语,不可用倒装结构。
Not only you but also I am fond of music.
so, neither, nor作部分倒装

表示"也"、"也不" 的句子要部分倒装。
Tom can speak French. So can Jack.
If you won't go, neither will I.

典型例题
---Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother?
---I don't know, _____.
A. nor don't I care B. nor do I care C. I don't care neither D. I don't care also
答案:B. nor为增补意思"也不关心",因此句子应倒装。A错在用 don't 再次否定, C neither 用法不对且缺乏连词。 D缺乏连词。

注意: 当so引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时,不可用倒装结构。意为"的确如此"。
Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did.
---It's raining hard. ---So it is.
only在句首要倒装的情况

Only in this way, can you learn English well.
Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.
如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装
Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed.

as, though 引导的倒装句

as / though引导的让步从句必须将表语或状语提前 (形容词, 副词, 分词, 实义动词提前)。

注意:
1) 句首名词不能带任何冠词。
2) 句首是实义动词, 其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语, 随实义动词一起放在主语之前。
Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.

注意:
让步状语从句中,有though,although时,后面的主句不能有but,但是 though 和yet可连用。

其他部分倒装

1) so… that 句型中的so 位于句首时,需倒装。
So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.

2) 在某些表示祝愿的句型中:
May you all be happy.

3) 在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有were, had, should等词,可将if 省略,把 were, had, should 移到主语之前,采取部分倒装。
Were I you, I would try it again.

典型例题:
1) Not until the early years of the 19th century___ what heat is
A. man did know B. man knew C. didn't man know D. did man know
答案为D. 否定词Not在句首,要求用部分倒装的句子结构。

2) Not until I began to work ___ how much time I had wasted.
A. didn't I realize B. did I realize C. I didn't realize D. I realize
答案为B。

3) Do you know Tom bought a new car?
I don't know, ___.
A. nor don't I care B. nor do I care
C. I don't care neither D. I don't care also
解析:答案为B. 句中的nor引出部分倒装结构,表示"也不"。由 so, neither, nor引导的倒装句,表示前一情况的重复出现。其中, so用于肯定句, 而 neither, nor 用在否定句中。

名词性从句

在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句 (Noun Clauses)。 名词从句的功能相当于名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不同的语法功能,名词从句又可分别称为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。
引导名词性从句的连接词

引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:
连接词:that,whether,if 不充当从句的任何成分)
连接代词:what, whatever, who, whoever, whom,
whose, which.
连接副词:when, where, how, why
不可省略的连词:
1. 介词后的连词
2. 引导主语从句和同位语从句的连词不可省略。
That she was chosen made us very happy.
We heard the news that our team had won.
比较:whether与if 均为"是否"的意思。 但在下列情况下,whether 不能被if 取代:
1. whether引导主语从句并在句首
2. 引导表语从句
3. whether从句作介词宾语
4. 从句后有"or not"
Whether he will come is not clear.

大部分连接词引导的主语从句都可以置于句末,用 it充当形式主语。
It is not important who will go.
It is still unknown which team will win the match.
名词性that-从句

1)由从属连词that引导的从句叫做名词性that-从句。 That只起连接主句和从句的作用,在从句中不担任任何成分,本身也没有词义。名词性that-从句在句中能充当主 语、宾语、表语、同位语和形容词宾语,例如:
主语:That he is still alive is sheer luck. 他还活着全靠运气。
宾语:John said that he was leaving for London on Wednesday. 约翰说他星期三要到伦敦去。
表语:The fact is that he has not been seen recently. 事实是近来谁也没有见过他。
同位语:The fact that he has not been seen recently disturbs everyone in his office.
近来谁也没有见过他,这一事实令办公室所有的人不安。
形容词宾语:I am glad that you are satisfied with your job.
你对工作满意我感到很高兴。

2)That-从句作主语通常用it作先行词,而将that-从句置于句末,例如:
It is quite clear that the whole project is doomed to failure. 很清楚,整个计划注定要失败。
It's a pity that you should have to leave. 你非走不可真是件憾事。

用it作形式主语的that-从句有以下四种不同的搭配关系:
a. It + be +形容词+ that-从句
It is necessary that… 有必要……
It is important that… 重要的是……
It is obvious that… 很明显……

b. It + be + -ed 分词+ that-从句
It is believed that… 人们相信……
It is known to all that… 从所周知……
It has been decided that… 已决定……

c. It + be +名词+ that-从句
It is common knowledge that… ……是常识
It is a surprise that… 令人惊奇的是……
It is a fact that… 事实是……

d. It +不及物动词+ that-分句
It appears that… 似乎……
It happens that… 碰巧……
It occurred to me that… 我突然想起……
名词性wh-从句

1)由wh-词引导的名词从句叫做名词性wh-从句。Wh-词包括who, whom,. whose, whoever, what, whatever, which, whichever等连接代词和where, when, how, why等连接副词。Wh-从句的语法功能除了和that-从句一样外,还可充当介词宾语、宾语补语和间接宾语等,例如:

主语: How the book will sell depends on its author. 书销售如何取决于作者本人。

直接宾语:In one's own home one can do what one likes. 在自己家里可以随心所欲。

间接宾语:The club will give whoever wins a prize.
俱乐部将给得胜者设奖。

表语: My question is who will take over president of the Foundation. 我的问题是谁将接任该基金会主席职位。

宾语补足语:She will name him whatever she wants to. 她高兴给他起什么名字就取什么名字。

同位语: I have no idea when he will return.
我不知道他什么时候回来。

形容词宾语:I'm not sure why she refused their invitation. 我尚不能肯定她为什么拒绝他们的邀请。

介词宾语: That depends on where we shall go.
那取决于我们去哪儿。

2)Wh-从句作主语也常用先行词it做形式主语,而将wh-从句置于句末,例如:
It is not yet decided who will do that job.
还没决定谁做这项工作。
It remains unknown when they are going to get married. 他们何时结婚依然不明。
if, whether引导的名词从句

1)yes-no型疑问从句
从属连词if, whether引导的名词从句是由一般疑问句或选择疑问转化而来的,因此也分别被称为yes-no型疑问句从句和选择型疑问从句,其功能和wh-从句的功能相同, 例如:
主语:Whether the plan is feasible remains to be proved. 这一计划是否可行还有等证实。

宾语:Let us know whether / if you can finish the article before Friday. 请让我们知道你是否能在星期五以前把文章写完。

表语:The point is whether we should lend him the money. 问题在于我们是否应该借钱给他。

同位语:They are investigating the question whether the man is trustworthy. 他们调查他是否值得信赖。

形容词宾语: She's doubtful whether we shall be able to come. 她怀疑我们是否能够前来。

介词宾语: I worry about whether he can pass through the crisis of his illness. 我担心他是否能度过疾病的危险期。

2)选择性疑问从句
选择性疑问从句由关联词if/whether…or或whethe…or not构成,例如:
Please tell me whether / if they are Swedish or Danish. 请告诉我他们是瑞典人还是丹麦人。
I don't care whether you like the plan or not.我不在乎你是否喜欢该计划。

⑺ 高中英语基本句型

高中和初中要学的语法归结起来大致有:
一、六种基本句型(主语+谓语专动词,主语+系动属词+表语,主语+谓语动词+宾语,主语+谓语动词+间接宾语+直接宾语,主语+谓语动词+宾语+宾语补足语)
三、代词
四、数词
五、冠词
六、动词的时态
七、非谓语动词
八、动词的被动结构
九、情态动词
十、形容词与副词
十一、介词
十二、主谓一致
十三、简单句(陈述句,疑问句,祈使句,感叹句)
十四、复合句(名词性从句,状语从句,定语从句)
以上是大致的要点,还有很多的细节,建议你去买一本专门的关于高中语法的书,定有很详细的解答!语法要精通也并非容易的事情喔~加油吧!(这些都是必须掌握的,是基础,以后用处大着的呢)

⑻ 高中英语语法包括哪些,哪些语法考试必考

一、高中英语语法:
基数词
表示数目多少或顺序先后的词叫数词。
1.基数词的构成:
1-10 one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten;
11-19 eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen,
seventeen, ei
1, 000,000,000 a/one billion = a/one thousand m
Two of the girls are from Tokyo.
这些姑娘中有两位来自东京。
2)作宾语:
Four people applied for this job, but we only need one.
四个人申请这工作,但我们仅需一人。
3)作表语:
The population of China is over 1.3 billion.
中国有十三亿多人口。
I’m twenty while my brother is sixteen.
我二十岁,我弟弟十六岁。
4)作定语:
We have 300 workers in our company.
我们公司有三百名员工。
Forty students were involved in the interview. 四十名学生参加了这次采访。
5)作同位语:
You two clean these seats.
你们两个打扫这些位子。
Have you got tickets for us three?
有我们三个人的票吗?
序数词
表示顺序或等级。
1. 序数词的构成:
1-10: first 1st; second 2nd; third 3rd; fourth 4th; fifth 5th; sixth 6th; seventh 7th;eighth 8th; ninth 9th; tenth 10th;
11-19: eleventh 11th; twelfth 12th; thirteenth 13th; fourteenth 14th ;fifteenth 15th; sixteenth 16th; seventeenth 17th; eighteenth 18th;nineteenth 19th;
20-90: twentieth 20th; thirtieth 30th; fortieth 40th; fiftieth 50th; sixtieth 60th;seventieth 70th; eightieth 80th; ninetieth 90th;
≥100:
100 hundredth;
1,000 thousandth;
1,000,000 millionth;
1,000,000,000 billionth
2、序数词的用法
1)作主语:
The second is what I really need.
第二个是我真正需要的。
The first bottle has been full but the second is empty.
第一个瓶已满,但第二个还空着。
2)作宾语:
I got a third in biology.
我生物得到了第三名。
Do you prefer the first or the second?
第一个和第二个你更喜欢哪一个呢?
3)作表语:
I will be the first to support you and the last to oppose you
.我将是第一个支持你的人,也是最不会反对你的人。
Columbus was the first who discovered America.
哥伦布是第一个发现美洲的人。
4)作定语:
I’ll try a second time and see if I can do it.
我还要试一次,看看我能否做得了。
Take the first turn to the right and then the second turn to the left and you’ll get there.
在第一个转弯处向右转,然后在第二个转弯处向左转就到了。
5)作状语:
He came second in the race.
他在赛跑中得了第二名。
It was a snowy day when we first met.
我们初次见面时是一个下雪的日子。
3、 序数词前冠词的使用
1) 明确指明了先后顺序或一系列事物按一定的规律排列时,序数词前用定冠词。
This is the second time that I have been in London.
这是我第二次来伦敦。
Alva is the fifth child of the Whites.
阿尔瓦市怀特家的第五个孩子。
2) 表示“又一、再一”,不强调顺序时,序数词前用不定冠词。
You have bought four toys today. Why do you want to buy a fifth one?
今天你已经买了四个玩具了,为什么还想再买一个呢?
I failed again, but I will try a third time.
我又失败了,可是我要再试一次。
3) 序数词前有形容词性物主代词、名词所有格或其他修饰语时不用任何冠词。
My first five years of childhood was spent with my grandparents.
我五岁前是和祖父母一块度过的。
Mrs. Black’s second child is a genius.
布莱克夫人的第二个孩子是个天才。
4) 序数词与名词构成复合形容词时,冠词由被修饰词而定。此时序数词是复合形容词的一部分而不是独立的,前面的冠词完全由这个形容词所修饰的名词而定。
This MPV car is a second-hand one.
这辆商务车是二手的。
Habit is second nature.
习惯是第二天性。
5) 序数词还可作副词,此时不用任何冠词。
First I am short of money; second I haven’t enough time.
首先我缺钱,其次我没有足够的时间。
6) 序数词用在表示“每隔……”的every 后,其前不用冠词。
every second day 每隔一天
every fifth day 每隔四天
every second line 每隔一行
7) 某些固定搭配中序数词前不用冠词。
first of all 首先
at first 起初
at first sight 乍一看,第一
数词的用法
1. 分数:表示分数时,分子须用基数词,分母须用序数词。
(分子是1以上的任何数时,作分母的序数词要用复数形式。)
1) 真分数通常用英语单词表达。
one-fourth 四分之一
two-fifths 五分之二
a quarter 四分之一
2) 分子和分母的数目较大时,两者都用基数词,之间用over/by/out of/in 连接。
Seven over/out of/in twenty of the students have passed the flight test.
二十个学生中有七个通过了飞行测试。
3) 带分数:“整数+ and + 分数部分”。
Two and a quarter inches of rain fell over the weekend.
周末期间的降雨量达二又四分之一英寸。
2. 小数:小数总是用阿拉伯数字表达。小数点后不论有多少位都不能用逗号分开,但小数点之前的数依然按照三位一个逗号的原则书写。
0.786432 120,372.428
注意:小数点前的数按普通基数词的读法读,小数点后的数每一位都要单独读。
15.503 读作fifteen point five zero three
0.05 读作zero point zero five
3. 百分数:百分数中的数目用阿拉伯数字,后接percent或百分号(%),在专业统计或表格中常用%代替percent,在句首时则用英语单词书写。
I have invested 40 percent of my income.
我把40%的收入用作投资了。
Farmers’ income has increased by 30%.
农民的收入已经增加了30%。
4、 倍数:表示倍数时,一倍用once,两倍 用twice/double,三倍以上用“基数词+ times”。
1)“倍数 + as many/much … as …”
My deskmate claims to have twice as many stamps as I.
我同桌声称他的邮票是我的两倍。
This computer costs three times as much as that one.
这台计算机的价格是那台的三倍。
2)“倍数 + the size of …”
用法与size相同的名词常见的有weight(重量),height(高度),depth(深度),width(宽度),age(年龄),length(长度)等。
Our playground is five times the size of theirs.
我们的操场是他们的五倍大。
This street is twice/double the width of that one.
这条大街是那条大街的两倍宽。
3)“倍数 + what从句”
The value of the house is double what it was.
这所房子的价值是原来的两倍。
People’s average income is almost five times what they earned ten years ago.
人们的平均收入是十年前的五倍。
4)“倍数 + 比较级 + than”
The room is twice larger than ours.
这间房子比我们的房子大两倍。
This ball seats three times more people than that one.
这个大厅能坐的人数是那个大厅的四倍。
5)“比较级 + than … + by + 倍数/程度”
The line is longer than that one by twice.
这根线是那根线的两倍长。
The population of China is larger than that of the US by over 6 times.
中国人口是美国人口的六倍多。
5、四则运算:
1)加法:在口语中,小数目的加法常用and代表“+”,is 或 are 代表“=”。
在正式的场合或较大数目的加法用plus代表“+”,equals或is 代表“=”。
7+4=11 Seven and four is/are eleven.
13+12=25 Thirteen plus twelve equals/is twenty-five.
2) 减法:在口语中,小数目的减法用“Take away + 减数 + from + 被减数 + and you get + 余数”
“减数 + from + 被减数 + leaves/is + 余数”
在正式的场合或较大数目的减法用minus 代表“—”,equals 代表“=”。
12-5=7 Five from twelve leaves/is seven. /Take away five from twelve and you get seven.
21-7=14 Twenty-one minus seven equals fourteen.
3) 乘法:在口语中,小数目的乘法的乘数用复数形式,用are 代表“=”。
大数目的乘法用times代表“×”,is/makes 代表“=”。
在正式的场合下用multiplied by 代表“×”,equals 代表“=”。
4×5=20 Four fives are twenty
326×238=77588
Three hundred and twenty-six times two hundred and thirty-eight is/makes seventy-seven thousand five hundred and eighty-eight.
Three hundred and twenty-six multiplied by two hundred and thirty-eight equals seventy-seven thousand five hundred and eighty-eight.
4) 除法:小数目的除法:用divided by 代表“÷”,equals 代表“=”。
“被除数 + divided by + 除数 + equals + 商”;“除数 + into + 被除数 + goes + 商”
32÷4=8 Thirty-two divided by four equals eight.
Four into thirty-two goes eight.
大数目的除法:用divided by 代表“÷”,equals 代表“=”。
216÷8=27
Two hundred and sixteen divided by eight equals twenty-seven.
6、比率:一般来说表示比率都用阿拉伯数字(包括句首的情况),但在非专业性的文字中,也可用英语单词的形式。
The ratio of 7 to 4 is written 7:4 or 7/4.
七比四写作7:4或7/4。
You have a fifty to fifty chance of success.
你成功的机会只有一半。
7、编号:用基数词时 名词 + 基数词 World War Ⅰ/Page 8/Room 109…
用序数词时 the + 序数词 + 名词 ?the First World War
8、年代与几十几岁:通常是逢十的基数词用作复数形式。表示年代的数词前用定冠词 in the 90s;表示岁数的数词前用形容词用物主代词 in one’s twenties
9、约数:
1)表示“大约”可以用about/some/around/nearly/something like/more or less,用or so 表示“左右、大约”置于数词之后。
The man in rags is about/some sixty years old.
The man in rags is sixty years old or so.
那个衣衫褴褛的男子大约有六十岁/六十岁左右。
Peter is something like thirty.
皮特大约有三十岁。
2)“多于、超过”用more/than/over/above;“少于、不超过”用less than。
She was more than/less than forty when she got married.
她结婚时有四十多岁/不到四十岁。
3)其他
半天(小时)half a day=a half day; half an hour=a half hour
一个半 a day and a half=one and a half days
两天半 two days and a half=two and a half days
一两天……one or two days=a day or two
两三天/周/个苹果 a couple of days/weeks/apples…
三番五次 again and again; repeatedly; time and (time) again; over and over again; time after time
三年五载 from three to five years; in a few years
三三两两 in twos and threes; in knots

二、高中英语语法考试必考的内容:
1、as 句型
(1) as引导方式状语从句句型:“按照……;正如……”
例:As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south.
正如(像) 你们国家一样,我们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。
(2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ;
否定式:not as/so --- as
例:He is as good a player as his sister.
他和他姐姐一样是位优秀的运动员。
(3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……
例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said.
她是一个如此的一个笨蛋以致相信了他所说的话。
(4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……
例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.
他是如此的强壮以致于能提起那重箱子。
(5) such...as... 象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句)
例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.
他希望成为一个像雷锋这样的人。
(6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句)
例:He is not the same man as he used to be.
他不是从前的那样子了。
(7) as 引导非限制性定语从句
例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.
众所周知,知识就是力量。
(8)引导时间状语从句,与while意义相近
例:We get wiser as we get older.
随着我们长大,我们也变得越来越聪明。
(9) 引导原因状语从句,与 because的用法相近
例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.
因为越来越迟了,所以我们不久就回来了。
(10) 引导让步状语从句
例:Child as he is, he knows much about science.
尽管他是一个小孩,但他对科学了解得很多。
2、prefer 句型
(1) prefer to do sth
例:I prefer to stay at home.
我宁愿呆在家里。
(2) prefer doing sth
例:I prefer playing in defence.
我喜欢打防守。
(3) prefer sb to do sth
例:Would you prefer me to stay?
你愿意我留下来吗?
(4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth ……
宁愿…...而不愿...
例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out.
我宁愿呆在家里而不愿出去.
(5) prefer doing sth to doing sth
例:I prefer watching football to playing it.
我喜欢看篮球,不喜欢打篮球。
(6) prefer sth to sth
例:I prefer tea to coffee.
我要茶不要咖啡。
3、when 句型
(1) be doing sth...when...
例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.
他正笑着的时候门突然开了,他妻子走了进来。
(2) be about to do sth ... when ...
例:We were about to start when it began to rain.
我们刚要出发,天就开始下雨了。
(3) had just done ... when ...
例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.
在劳累了一天之后我刚刚就寝,电话铃就响了。
4、seem 句型
(1) It +seems + that从句
例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied.
看来好像每个人都很满意。
(2) It seems to sb that ...
例:It seems to me that she is right.
我看她是对的,
(3) There seems to be ...
例:There seems to be a heavy rain.
看上去要有一场大雨。
(4) It seems as if ...
例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.
看样子她不能来上课了。
5、表示“相差……;增加了……;增加到……”句型
(1) She is taller than I by three inches.
她比我高三英寸
(2) There is one year between us.
我们之间相差一岁。
(3) She is three years old than I.
她比我大三岁。
(4) They have increased the price by 50%.
他们把价格上涨了50%
(5) His salary has rised to 10,000 yuan per month.
他的工资已经涨到了每月10,000元。
6、what 引导的名词性从句
(1) what 引导主语从句
例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.
让我吃惊的是每个人似乎对她都很冷淡。
[ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的]
(2) what 引导宾语从句
例:We can learn what we do not know.
我们能学会我们不懂的东西。
(3) what 引导表语从句
例:That is what I want.
那正是我所要的。
(4) what 引导同位语从句
例:I have no idea what they are talking about.
我不知道他们正在谈论什么。
7、too句型
(1) too ... to do ...
例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.(=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)
政治太重要了,不能由政治家来决定。
(2) only too ... to do ...
例:I shall be only too pleased to get home.
我要回到家里就非常高兴。
(3) too + adj + for sth
例:These shoes are much too small for me.
我穿这双鞋太小了。
(4) too + adj + a + n.
例:This is too difficult a text for me.
这篇课文对我来说太难了。
(5) can't … too +形容词 无论……也不为过
例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.
我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。
8、where 句型
(1) where 引导的定语从句
例:This is the house where he lived last year.
这就是他去年住过的房子。
(2) where 引导的状语从句
例:Where there is a will,there is a way.
有志者事竟成。
He left his key where he could find.
他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。
I will go where I want to go.
我要去我想去的地方。
(3) where 引导的表语从句
例:This is where you are wrong.
这正是你错的地方。
9、wish 句型
(1) wish that sb did sth 希望某人现在做某事
例:I wish I were as strong as you.
我希望和你一样强壮。
(2) wish that sb had done sth 希望某人过去做某事
例: I wish you had told me earlier
要是你早点告诉我就好了。
(3) wish that sb would/could do sth 希望某人将来做某事
例:I wish you would succeed this time.
我希望你这次会成功。
11、 before 句型
(1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做……
例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland.
她宁可死也不去背叛祖国。
(2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事
例:I would rather have taken his advice.
我宁愿过去接受他的意见。
(3) would rather sb had done sth 宁愿某人过去做过某事
例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week.
我真希望通过上星期的考试。
(4) would rather sb did sth 宁愿某人现在或将来做某事
例: Who would you rather went with you?
你宁愿谁和你一起去?
(1) before sb can/ could … 某人还没来得及……
例:Before I could get in a word ,he had measured me.
我还没来得及插话,他就给我量好了尺寸。
(2) It will be +时间+ before + 还有多长时间……
例:It will be 4 years before he graates.
他还有四年时间变毕业了。
(3) had done some time before (才……)
例:We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.
我们航行了四天四夜才见到陆地。
(4) had not done ... before ... 不到……就……
例:We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired.
我们还没走到一英里路就觉得累了。
(5) It was not +一段时间+ before 不多久就……
例:It wasn’t two years before he left the country.
还没到两年他们离开了那国家。
13、用于表示过去未实现的希望和计划的句型
(1) It is /was +被强调部分+that(who)...
例:It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday.
是我昨天给我叔叔写信的。
(2) Is/was it + 被强调部分 + that (who) ...
例:Was it your brother that you met in the street?
在街上你遇见的是你兄弟吗?
(3) Where/who/what/how等特殊疑问词 + is/was it that ...
例:How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow?
明天你究竟怎样去看望她?
(4) do/does/did +谓语动词 (强调谓语)
例:They do know the place well.
他们的确很熟悉那个地方。
(1)would like to/ would love to have done sth.
例:I would like to have written to you.
我本想给你写信的。
(2) was / were going to do sth.(用过去将来时态表示原打算做什么)
例:Lucy was going to watch a basketball match.
Lucy 原打算看一场篮球比赛。

⑼ 高中英语 写出句子的句型或 语法

21 结构would like to do sth, about his personal life作questions的定语,which引导非限制性定语从句
22 which引导非限制性定语从句指代前面一句话I am Chinese, means后面是省略了that的宾语从句
23 Speaking and listening是现在分词作主语,by which后面试定语从句先行词是language learning
24 so that引导结果状语从句
25 Learning是现在分词作状语,Learning后面的that引导的是一个宾语从句,第二个that是定语从句,先行词是reason
26 这是一个倒装句型,否定词not only提前,主谓倒装
27 这个是if引导的条件虚拟语气,所以从句用了过去时could,主句用would
28 结构can't help doing sth(情不自禁做某事),who引导定语从句先行词是classmates or friends
29 The moment引导时间状语从句,which引导非限制性定语从句
30 such...that引导结果状语从句
31 helping是现在分词作定语,which引导非限制性定语从句
32 Although引导让步状语从句
33 Thinking是现在分词作状语,that引导的是一个宾语从句作thinking的宾语

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