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高中英语必修二必掌握语法

发布时间:2021-02-25 19:26:58

① 高中英语需要掌握的语法 要全~

高中英语语法关键

高中部分:
1.过去将来时
2.过去完成时
3.被动语态
4.直接引语和间接引语
5.定语从句
6.情态动词
7.动词的-ing分词及-ed分词
8.不定式
9.主语和谓语的一致
10.名词性从句
11.省略
12.倒装
13.状语从句
14.构词法

高中英语语法讲解:倒装语序
1) 为了避免句子部分内容不必要的重复,常用"so + be动词(助动词、情态动词)+主语"或"neither / nor + be动词(助动词、情态动词)+主语"的倒装句式。其中第一个句式表示"与前面所述的肯定情况相同", 第二个句式表示"与前面所述的否定情况相同"。例如:
His brother is a college student; so is mine.
他弟弟是大学生,我弟弟也是。
His brother is not a college student; nor is min .
他弟弟不是大学生,我弟弟也不是。

2)具有否定意义的词或短语置于句首时(除否定词修饰主语外),句子一般要写成部分倒装句。这类词或短语常见的有:not, never, seldom, hardly, rarely, scarcely.
详细的可以看:)~
http://www.followtalk.com/information/2005106201132.htm

相关的高中英语语法下载:)~
http://lib.verycd.com/2005/01/12/0000034782.html

② 人教版必修二英语语法知识点

高一英语必修一语法要点
一. 一般现在时
1. 表示主语现在所处的状态及其所具备的特征、性格、能力等
例如:I am a girl.
2. 表示习惯性、经常性的动作
例如:I usually go to bed at 9:00.
3. 标志性的词语
Always often sometimes now and then
4. 若助于为第三人称单数(he she it)则动词要用单三现
二. 现在进行时
1. 说话时正在进行的动作
例如:I am reading.
2.表示即将发生的动作,多用于go come start leave return arrive stay fly等词语之中,句子中常常有时间状语
例如:The plane is going to Beijing.
3.当句子中出现了always 、forever 、constantly 、continually 、
All the time等
例如:I am always thinking of you.
三. 倍数比较
1.A+系动词+倍数词+as+ adj \adv的原型+as+B
例如:The class is twice as big as that one.
2.A+系动词+倍数词+adj\adv的比较级+than+B
例如:The class is twice bigger than that class.
3.A+系动词+倍数词+the size\amount(数量)\ength\width\height
\depth\+of+B
例如:The class is twice the size of that class.
四. With的复合结构
1. With+宾语+宾语补足语
宾语补足语根据逻辑意义的不同可以是不同的词语,如形容词、现在分词、过去分词、副词、介词短语、不定式等,with在复合结构中常作状语
2.常用结构
○1with+宾语+doing
表主动与进行
例如:Tom was quite safe with Lucy standing behind him.
○2with+宾语+done
表被动与完成
例如:With all things she need bought,she went home.
○3with+宾语+to do
表将来
例如:With so many thing to deal with.
五. 现在完成进行时
现在完成进行时
1.基本表达式(I have been doing )
I/ we/ you/ they have been doing sth.
he/ she/ it has been doing sth.
2.表示从过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作,并且还将持续下去。
The Chinese have been making paper for two thousand years.
中国有2000年的造纸历史。(动作还将继续下去)
I have been learning English since three years ago.
自从三年前以来我一直在学英语。(动作还将继续下去)
3.表示在说话时刻之前到现在正在进行的动作。
We have been waiting for you for half an hour.
我们已经等你半个钟头了(人还没到,如同在电话里说的,还会继续等)
4.有些现在完成进行时的句子等同的句子。
例如:They have been living in this city for ten years.
They have lived in this city for ten years.
他们在这个城市已经住了10年了。
I have been working here for five years.
I have worked here for five years.
我在这里已经工作五年了。
5.大多数现在完成进行时的句子不等同于现在完成时的句子。
例如:I have been writing a book.(动作还将继续下去)
我一直在写一本书。
I have written a book.(动作已经完成)
我已经写了一本书。
They have been building a bridge.
他们一直在造一座桥。
They have built a bridge.
他们造了一座桥。
6.表示状态的动词不能用于现在完成进行时。
例如:I have known him for years.
我认识他已经好几年了。
I have been knowing...
这类不能用于现在完成进行时的动词还有:love爱,like喜欢, hate讨厌,等。
注意:比较过去时与现在完成时
1.过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作;现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响。
2.过去时常与具体的时间状语连用,而现在完成时通常与模糊的时间状语连用,或无时间状语。
一般过去时的时间状语:
yesterday, last week,…ago, in1980, in October, just now, 具体的时间状语
共同的时间状语:
this morning, tonight,this April, now, once,before, already, recently,lately
现在完成时的时间状语
for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till / until, up to now, in past years, always,
不确定的时间状语
3.现在完成时可表示持续到现在的动作或状态,动词一般是延续性的,如live, teach, learn, work, study, know.
过去时常用的非持续性动词有come, go, leave, start, die, finish, become, get married等。
例如: I saw this film yesterday.
(强调看的动作发生过了。)
I have seen this film.
(强调对现在的影响,电影的内容已经知道了。)
Why did you get up so early?
(强调起床的动作已发生过了。)
Who hasn't handed in his paper?
(强调有卷子,可能为不公平竞争。)
She has returned from Paris.
她已从巴黎回来了。
She returned yesterday.
她是昨天回来了。
He has been in the League for three years.
(在团内的状态可延续)
He has been a League member for three years.
(是团员的状态可持续)
He joined the League three years ago.
( 三年前入团,joined为短暂行为。)
I have finished my homework now.
---Will somebody go and get Dr. White?
---He's already been sent for.
句子中如有过去时的时间副词(如 yesterday, last, week, in 1960)时,不能使用现在完成时,要用过去时。
(错)Tom has written a letter to his parents last night. (对)Tom wrote a letter to his parents last night.
六.过去完成时
1. 概念:表示过去的过去
其构成是had +过去分词构成。
那时以前 那时 现在
2. 用法
a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。
She said (that) she had never been to Paris.
b. 状语从句
在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。
When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.
c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"
We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.
3.过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。
例如:He said that he had learned some English before.
By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself.
Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.
七.现在完成进行时
1.其构成形式如下:
I / we / they have been + 动词的现在分词
He / she / it has been + 动词的现在分词 功用如下:
2. 表示一个在过去开始而在最近刚刚结束的行动,如:
Ann is very tired. She has been working hard.
Why are you clothes so dirty? What have you been doing?
3.表示一个从过去开始但仍在进行的行动,如:
It has been raining for two hours. (现在还在下)
Jack hasn’t been feeling very well recently.
4. 表示一个从过去开始延续到现在,可以包括现在在内的一个阶段内,重复发生的行动,如:
She has been playing tennis since she was eight.
5. 现在完成时强调动作行为的结果、影响,而现在完成进行时只强调动作行为本身,如:
Tom’s hands are very dirty. He has been repairing the car.
The car is going again now. Tom has repaired it.
注意:
现在完成时有否定结构、而现在完成进行时没有否定结构。 现在完成时态可表示做完的时期以及已有的经验、但现在完成进行时不可以 现在完成进行时的否定结构 现在完成进行时有时也可用否定结构。
如: Since that unfortunate accident last week, I haven’t been sleeping at all well. 自从上周发生了那次不幸事故之后,我一直睡得很不好.
He hasn’t been working for me and I haven’t has that much contact with him. 他并没有给我工作过,我和他没有过那许多接触。
6.否定句构成:
主语+has/have+not+been+现在分词
7.一般疑问句构成:
Have/has+主语+been+现在分词+其他好好努力吧!

③ 高中英语必修二知识点

Unit 1

词组: survive

in search of / search for search

be amazed at

be designed for

fancy doing sth

be decorated with

in a fancy style

belong to

in return for

at war at peace

less than

there is no doubt that

I doubt whether….

be worth doing

be worthy of be worth to do / to be done

take apart

in a trial

think highly of think badly / much/ little / ill of

could / might / must/ should /need + have done

such + a/an + adj.+ n.

so + adj. + an/ a + n.

be used to do be used to doing used to do

serve as

agree with 适应

rather than 而不是

what he said what he heard

to tell the truth tell a lie to be honest

nor neither 倒装

do with deal with

unit 2

词组: compete for / against

take part in

gold medal

stand for stand by

on a basis of

admit doing

as well

as well as 就前原则

replace take the place of take one’s place

in charge in the charge of

bargain with

in pain

one after another one by one year by year

deserve to do

be admitted as

so + much /little

such +little (小)

make a bargain with

ask for

marry get married to be married to

apart from besides

although VS though

unit 3

词组: sum up

solve settle

from.. on

as a result as a result of result in =lead in result from= lie in

personally

anyhow anyway

in a way

with the help of

watch over watch out look out be careful

spoil

from then on + 过去时

since + 完成时

as time went by

apply for

be filled with

provide … with

in size

signal to

after all

unit 4

词组: die out die away die off die down

hunt for/ after

in danger of

in relief

respond to

protect …. From

contain VS include

have an effect on

pay attention to doing

appreciate doing

succeed in doing success

do harm to do good to

come into being

according to

so that

intend to do be intended for

unit 5

词组: roll in roll on

pretend to do

be doing

have done

attach to doing

honestly speaking frankly speaking generally speaking

form a habit of

earn one’s living

in cash

play jokes on

rely on

get familiar with

or so

break up break out

in addition to

sort out

in brief

above all

passer-by
请再参考下面的网页
http://wenku..com/view/a4684f1bff00bed5b9f31db1.html

④ 高中英语语法必掌握的有哪些。

一、词法和句法。Morphology & Syntax
1、名词 The Noun
(1) 分类:可数名词 Countable Noun
不可数名词 Uncountable Noun
(2) 名词的单数/复数: The Singular
Form& The Plural Form
(3) 名词的所有格: The Possessive Case

2、冠词 The Article
(1) 不定冠词 The Indefinite Article
(2) 定冠词 The Article
(3) 零冠词 Zero
Article

3、代词 The Pronoun
(1)
人称代词 Personal
Pronouns
(2) 物主代词 Possessive
Pronouns
(3) 反身代词 Self
Pronouns
(4) 疑问代词 Interrogative
Pronouns
(5) 不定代词 Indefinite
Pronouns
(6) 指示代词 Demonstrative
Pronouns

4、数词 The Numeral
基数词 Cardinal
Numerals
序数词 Ordinal
Numerals

5、形容词和副词 The Adjective & The
Adverb
比较级 The
Comparative Degree
最高级 The
Superlative Degree

6、介词 The Preposition
介词短语 Prepositional
Phrases

7、动词 The Verb
分类-----实意动词 Notional Verbs
系动词 Link-verbs
助动词 Auxiliary Verbs
情态动词 Modal Verbs
及物动词 Transitive Verbs
不及物动词Intransitive
Verbs
时态-----10个常用的时态 Tenses
语态-----主动和被动语态 The Active Voice & The Passive Voice
8、情态动词 Modal Verbs

9、非谓语 The Non-finite Forms of the Verb
不定式 The
Infinitive
动名词 The
Gerund
分词-----现在分词和过去分词 The Present Participle & The Past
Participle
10、虚拟语气 The Subjunctive Mood

11、主谓一致 Subject-predicate Agreement

12、倒装 Inversion
完全倒装 Full
Inversion
部分倒装 Partial
Inversion

13、反意疑问问 Disjunctive Questions

14、简单句 Simple Sentences
陈述句 Declarative
Sentences
祈使句 Imperative
Sentences
疑问句 Interrogative
Sentences
感叹句 Exclamatory
Sentences

15、复合句 Complex Sentences
并列复合句 Compound
Complex Sentences
主从复合句---状语从句 Adverbial Clauses
----定语从句 Attributive Clauses
----名词性从句Nominal
Clauses

16、It的用法。 Usages of It.

17、强调句型/句式 Sentence for Emphasis

二、英语句子主要成分。Members of a sentence
1、主语 The Subject
2、谓语 The Predicate
3、宾语 The Object
4、表语 The Predicative
5、定语 The Attribute
6、状语 The Adverbial
(Modifier)
7、补语 The Complement
8、同位语 The Appositive

三、标点符号 Punctuation
1、句号 Period/ Full Stop
2、逗号 Comma
3、问号 Question Mark
4、感叹号 Exclamation
5、分号 Semicolon
6、冒号 Colon
7、破折号 Dash
8、引号 Quotation Marks
9、省略号(’) Apostrophe
10、括号 Brackets
11、连字号 Hyphen

⑤ 高一英语必修二人教版重点知识语法

学好五种基本句型 注:英语中绝大多数句子归根到底是由基本句子变化而来的。所以,熟练掌专握它们是很属有必要的
还有三大从句:名词从句、定语从句、状语从句。这三大从句基本囊括了高中时期你要认识和读懂的句子的句子。
其次就是每天除了要学习课堂上老师讲的单词之外,自己再坚持背另外一些,哪怕只有五个。坚持下来,日后你会觉得,他们对你受益匪浅。

⑥ 英语 必修二 语法

Mole 1 Grammar

I. be going to 的用法
be going to结构表示按计划、打算去做某事,表示人的主管意图,有时还可表示预测有迹象要发生某事。如:
. How long is your aunt going to stay in China for a visit?
(计划、打算)
. Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain.
(有迹象要发生)
. George is putting on weight. He is going to be quite fat.
(预测)
II. be going to与will的区别
. will表示说话人认为、相信要发生的事, 不含具体时间, 可以指遥远的将来; be going to 表示按计划、打算即将发生的事。
. 二者都可以表示“意图” 。但是表示事先考虑的事情用be going to, 否则用will。如:
I am not going to / won’t tell him about it.
--This is a very heavy box.
--I’ll help you to carry it.
. be going to 可以用在条件句中表示 将来, will则不行。 如:
If you are going to attend the party, you’d better leave now.

Mole 2 Grammar

不定式作状语
不定式作目的状语
He broke into the house to steal something.
Many drug addicts are now in treatment centers to stop taking drugs.
He’s saving up to buy a new car.
He uses a computer to send emails.
2)有时候在不定式前面加上in order to或 so as to, 否定式为 in order not to 和so as not to:
Let’s hurry so as to go to school in time.
Let’s hurry so as not to be late for school.
She studied very hard in order to catch up with others.
She studied very hard in order not to lag behind.
3) 不定式表示目的时,通常它的逻辑主语就是句子的主语,但如果不是的话,就要用for… 结构表示逻辑主语,如:
Mom opened the door for Jane and Betty to come in.

Mole 3 Grammar

I. 时间状语从句
II. 过去完成时
时间状语从句
. 常见的连接时间状语从句的连接词有:
when, while, as, before, after, until/till, since, ever since, whenever, as soon as, no sooner… than,
hardly / scarcely… when 等
When
When 还有意义为‘这时’,(at this time)‘那时’(at that time) 常用于下列句型:
Somebody was doing something when……某人正在做 ……突然 ……
Somebody was about to do something when…….某人正要做 ……突然 ……
Somebody had just done something when……某人刚刚干了……这时……

1, I was reading English when my teacher came in.
2, I was about to talk in the classroom when the teacher came in.
3, I had just made the mistake when the teacher came in .

While
观察:
While they were doing homework, someone broke into the house.
While he was still a teenager, he was a big star.
分析:while引导的从句表示“在……过程中”,强调某一段时间内主句和从句的动作在同一时期发生。从句的动作表示较长时间,因此常用延续性动词。
While 表示强烈的对比关系,可译成“然而”
She is tall while I am short.
While I was studying English, he was playing football.

As
试观察:
1) As they were picking tea, the girls were singing happily.
强调两个动作同时进行
2) As he grew older, he found it difficult to compose good music.
两种情况一起发展变化
分析:as引导的从句表示“当……时;一边……一边……”,主句和从句的动作同时发生,强调伴随。有时可译为“随着”。

过去完成时
1过去完成时的构成:
“助动词had+过去分词”
The public wondered why the president hadn’t attended the top conference.
2. 过去完成时的用法:
1). 过去完成时主要用来表明在某个时间或动作之前已经发生的动作, 它表示时间是“过去的过去”。如:
The patient had died when the doctor arrived.
Up until then they had just finished half the work.
He had pressed the button before we could stop him.
When I had finished my everyday work, I did some gardening.
2). 如果发生的动作很短暂, 或两个动作紧接着发生, 则常用一般过去时代替过去完成时。尤其是在含有before, after, as soon as的复合句中, 因为它们本身的词义就可以表示出先后顺序。如:
Just before I left New York, I sent an e-mail to Mr White, my teacher in the university.

3). 过去完成时还可以表示未能实现的希望、愿望等, 常用的动词有except, hope, mean, suppose, think 等。如:
I had hoped to send him a telegram to congratulate him on his marriage, but didn’t manage it.
Mother had expected me to come to her birthday party, but I really had a lot of important work to do.
Note:
当动作紧接着发生, 次序明显时, 只需用一般过去时。
When he got home from work, he was very tired. He opened the door, turned on the light, washed his face and went to bed without taking off his clothes.
2.与某个时间段或时间点连用时, 一般过去时表示动作在这个时间发生, 而过去完成时表示动作在这个时间之前就已经完成。如:
He learned Russian ring his stay in Russia.
He had already learned Russian ring his stay in Russia.
3. 在间接引语中,与过去完成时连用的时间状语从句常用一般过去时代替过去完成时。如:
He told me somebody had phoned when I was out.
John said the film had been on five minutes when he got to the cinema.

Mole 4 Grammar

–ing form and the infinitive
作主语
(1) -ing形式和不定式都可在句中用作主语。一般情况下可以互换。
To learn a foreign language is not easy.
=Learning a foreign language is not easy. 学习外语是不容易的。

(2) 表示具体的, 特定情况下的或有待于完成的动作时, 常用不定式。
① To finish such a novel will take me several days.
读完这本小说需要花去我几天的时间。

② It’s impossible to get to Beijing in three hours this time, because there is something wrong with our car. 看来这次三个小时是到不了北京了, 因为我们的车出问题了。
在 “It is + 形容词(如necessary) + for/ of sb. ”的结构后, 通常用不定式作真正的主语。而 “It is no use/no good/a waste of time”后通常接ing形式。
It’s quite impossible to finish the work with so little money.
用这么少的钱想完成这项工作是不可能的。
② It’s no use asking him for help.
向他求助是没有用的。
There is no 结构后只能接ing形式。There is no knowing whether he is dead or alive. 无从得知他是死是活。
作表语
(1) 两者都可用作表语, 而且一般情况下可以互换。
His work is to paint houses. = His work is painting houses.
他的工作就是粉刷房屋。
表示具体的, 特定情况下的, 将来的动作, 通常用动词不定式。
Our homework today is to finish the exercises 2 and 3 on page 10.
我们今天的作业就是完成第10页的练习2和3。
(3) 主语与表语通常要保持形式一致。
To see is to believe. =Seeing is believing. 眼见为实。
作宾语
(1) 有些动词后面只能用不定式作宾语,常见此类动词有:
ask, agree, beg, decide, determine, fail, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, set out, want, wish, expect, demand
① She decided to help him.
她决定帮他。
admit, advise, appreciate, avoid, can’t help, consider(考虑), delay, deny, enre, enjoy, excuse, escape, face, fancy, finish, forgive, give up, imagine, keep, keep on, mind, miss, mention, pardon, permit, practise, put off, risk, resist, suggest, understand等。
① The doctor advised taking more exercise. 医生建议多做运动。
② I suggest doing it in this way. 我建议这样做。
注意: 一些动词短语中含有介词to, 不要和不定式中的to混淆。常见此类短语:
be used to, come to, devote to, get down to, lead to, look forward to, pay attention to, refer to, stick to等。
①I really must get down to considering it seriously. 我真的必须认真考虑一下这事了。
② We are looking forward to seeing you again. 我们盼望着再次见到你。
有些动词后既可接ing形式, 也可接不定式, 而且意义上没有差别。常见此类动词: can’t stand, prefer, learn, continue等。
① I can’t stand seeing/to see good food going to waste. 我无法忍受看到好好的粮食被浪费掉。
② She continue to work/working after having a baby. 有了孩子后她仍然继续工作。
(4) begin, start后跟不定式或动名词皆可, 通常可以互换, 但在下列情况下, 只用不定式。
1) start, begin本身为时行时时。
The boy noticed his father was beginning to get angry, so he ran away. 那个小男孩注意到他的父亲开始生气了, 所以就跑开了。
2) 当主语为非生物名词或it时。
A strong wind started to blow.
一阵强风开始刮起来。
3) 当其后接表示心理活动的词时, 如understand, realize, know, see等。
He began to realize the importance of foreign languages.
他开始意识到外语的重要性。
4) 在hate, like, love后, 表示经常性, 习惯性的动词时, 通常用动名词; 表示特定的、具体的某次行为则用不定式。
I don’t like bothering him when he is busy. 我不喜欢在他忙得时候打扰他。
② I usually like staying with him, but I even hate to see him that night. 我通常喜欢和他在一起,但是那天晚上我甚至不想见到他。
(5) 在remember, forget, try, go on, regret, mean, stop, want, need, require等动词后既可接ing, 也可接不定式, 但含义不同。
1) remember to do记着去做(还没有做的事)
remember doing记得做过某事
2) forget to do 忘记要去做某事
forget doing 忘记了做的事
3) go on to do 继续做另一件事
go on doing 继续做(原来做的)同一件事
4) regret to do 遗憾将要做某事
regret doing 后悔做过某事
5) mean to do 打算做某事
mean doing 意味着做某事
6) stop to do 停止(正在做的事)去做另一件
stop doing 停止正在做的事
7) try to do 努力做某事
try doing 偿试着做某事
8) want to do 想要做某事
want doing 需要被
9) need/require to do 需要做某事
need/require doing 需要被
① Please remember to turn off the light when you leave.
离开时请记着关灯。
② Certainly I posted your letter—I remember posting it.
我当然给你寄信了, 我记得寄过它。
③ The machine needs cleaning.( needs to be cleaned).
这台机器需要清洁了。
作宾补
(1) 常见用不定式作宾补的动词。
allow, help, warn, ask, force, tell, expect, promise, wish, want
① We expected him to win an Olympic gold medal. 我们期盼他赢一枚奥运金牌。
② Tell him to come early.
告诉他早点来。

(2) 不定式(不带to)和动词ing形式都可在感官动词和使役动词(feel, make, let, see, hear, watch, listen to, look at, notice, observe)后作宾补。不定式强调动作发生了, 完成了; ing形式则强调动作正在进行。
① I saw a man walk into the garden and pick some flowers. 我看到一个男的进入花园, 摘了一些花。(进园摘花的动作已完成)
② I saw a man walking into the garden. 我看到一个男的正在进入花园。(walk这个动作在“我看的时候”正在进行)
③ We heard him sing a song at the party.我们在晚会上听他唱了一首歌。(他唱了一首, 我们完整的听了一首。)
④ I heard him singing a song when passing his window.
经过他的窗户时,我听到他正在唱歌。(我只听了一部分, 没有听完, 我过去后他可能还在唱)
(3) 不定式在感官动词和使役动词后作宾补时,在主动语态时,不能带to, 而变为被动语态时,要加上to。
① They saw him steal Tom’s money. 他们看到他偷了汤姆的钱。
② He was seen to steal Tom’s money. 他被看到偷了汤姆的钱。
作状语
不定式作状语, 通常表示目的, 结果, 有时也放在形容词、过去分词后表示原因; ing形式作状语时通常表示时间、原因、条件或伴随等。
① I’ve taken some money out of the bank to buy a laptop. (目的)
为了买手提电脑, 我从银行了取了钱。
② He hurried to the school (only) to find nobody there.(结果) 他匆忙赶到学校, 却发现那儿没人。
③ I’m glad to hear that.(原因) 听到那件事我很高兴。
④ Seeing the picture, he couldn’t help
thinking of those memorable days.(时间) 看到这张照片(的时候), 他情不自禁地想起了那些难忘的日了。
⑤ Not knowing his address, we couldn’t get in touch with him. (原因) 不知道他的地址, 我们无法和他取得 联系。
⑥ Working hard, you will get what you want. (条件) 努力工作, 你会得到你想要的东西的。
⑦ The baby was lying in bed crying. (伴随) 婴儿在床上哭泣。

Mole 5 Grammmar

状语从句
原因状语从句
结果状语从句
时间状语从句
地点状语从句
条件状语从句
让步状语从句

时间状语从句
1. 由when, whenever, as , while, after, before, until, till, since, once, as soon as, 等引导的时间状语从句。
1> When the bell rang, the guard was waiting in his seat.
2> While ants grow they change their forms three times.
3> Three months went by before Aqiao knew it.
2. 由the minute, the moment, the instant, the day, the week, the year, the first time, any time, every time, each time, the last time, all the time, from the time, by the time, immediately, instantly, directly 等引导的时间状语从句。
1> 我一见到你就认出了你。
I recognized you the minute I saw you.
3. 其中the minute, the moment, the instant, the second, 以及immediately, instantly, directly 表达的意思一样, 都是 “一…就…” 可以相互替换。
Eg: You must show the gentleman in immediately he comes.
You must show the gentleman in the minute /the moment/instantly he comes.
另外还要注意 hardly …when… ,scarcely…when…, no sooner…than…的意义和用法。
这三者的意思都是 “一…就…”. 通常都是hardly, scarcely, no sooner 位于句首,他们后面的主句用had done,且倒装.而when, than 后面的从句用一般过去时。
Eg: Hardly/scarcely had I got home when it started to rain.
when, while, as 引导的时间状语从句的区别。
1> 作为 “当…时”讲,when可以和延续性动词连用,也可以和短暂性动词连用,而while 和as 只能和延续性动词连用。
2> when 从句的谓语动词可以在主句动词之前或之后发生或同时发生.而while 和as 从句的动词必须是和主句的动词同时发生。
When he had finished his homework, he took a rest.
When I got to the airport, the guests had left.
也就是说当主从句动作同时发生,切从句动作为延续性动词时, 三者可互换。
When/While/As she was making a phone call, I was writing a letter.
3> when 还有 “在那时” 通常用在以下句型中。
be about to do …when…
had done…when…
be doing…when…
be on the point of doing…when…
4> as 还有 “因为” “作为” “随着” “一边….一边”
As the time went on, the weather got worse.
The little girl sang as she went.
5> 在将来时的从句中常用when, 且从句必须用一般现在时。
You shall borrow the book when I have finished reading it.
6> when还用在表示 “一…就…”的句型中。
Hardly/Scarcely had I entered my room when the telephone rang.
7> while 还做并列连词 “然而” 表对比。和从属连词 “尽管” 的意思, 相当与though/although。
While he is a little boy, he knows a lot.
I’m working while my wife is watching TV.

⑦ 英语必修一、必修二语法总结

1. be concerned about
2. share sth. with sb.
3. feelings and thoughts
4. calm down
6. get along with
8. upset
9. suffer from
11. get tired of
12. be crazy about
13. join in
14. outdoor activities
15. on purpose
16. in addition
17. as far as I am concerned
1. settle down
2. based on
6. at present
7. play an important role in
8. native English speakers
9. make use of
11. be recognized as
12. have a good command of
13. have difficulty in doing
1. dream about / of sth. / doing …
3. have a chance to do …
4. be fond of
6. change one’s mind
7. make up one’s mind
8. give in to
11. persuade sb. to do ….
12. insist on doing …
4. lie in ruins
6. break out 无被动
7. think little of
8. at an end
9. a great number of
13. be injured
16. be trapped
18. be shocked
19. be frightened
20. damage
22. natural disaster
24. economic loss
25. be gone
1. quality
2. generous and selfless
3. be willing to do …
4. ask for no reward
5. turn to sb. for help
6. in trouble
7. take an active part in
8. be active in …
9. devote oneself to sth . / doing …
10. be devoted to sth. / doing …
12. fight against / for …
13. equality and fairness
14. equal rights
15. be put in prison
16. lose heart
17. peaceful
18. be hopeful about
19. answer violence with violence
20. out of work
21. be grateful to sb. for sth.
22. (a country) be founded
23. offer guidance to sb. on sth.
25. attack
27. escape from
29. reward sb. with sth. for sth.

1. cultural relics
2. go / be in search of
3. rare and valuable
4. serve as (无被动)
6. belong to (无被动,无进行时)
7. ask for nothing in return
8. be well worth doing
9. It is worthwhile to do …
11. local
13. think highly of
16. have a history of XX years
19. former – latter
20. formal – informal
21. survive vt.
23. be completed

1. the Olympics / the Olympic Games (复数)
2. compete in … with/against … for …
5. take part in
7. stand for
8. a sports event / sports events
9. host – hosted – hosted
10. hold – held – held
11. be admitted as
12. be admitted into
13. admit (to) doing …
14. every 4 years
15. take responsibility for
16. be responsible for
17. be in charge of
18. replace A with B
19. promise to do
20. deserve to do
21. one after another
22. charge sb. money for sth.
25. volunteer
26. on a regular basis
27. be fined
28. foolish
29. hopeless
32. be allowed to do

34. problems arise
35. changes take place
37. live a life of high quality
38. in a way
39. simplify
40. deal with
41. human race
42. think logically
43. watch over
44. personal
46. have … in common
47. explore the Internet
48. download

1. wildlife reserves
2. be at a loss
3. long to do
4. endangered species
5. in danger of dying out
6. succeed in
7. be successful in
8. distant adj. = faraway
9. according to
10. decrease to (by)
11. protect sth. / sb. from …
12. hunt
13. hunt for
14. affect = have an effect on
15. do harm to
16. pay (close / more / no) attention to
17. live in peace with
18. respond to
19. come into being (无被动)
20. fierce
21. be extinct
22. raise our awareness of wildlife protection
23. powerful

2. to be honest = honestly speaking
3. humorous
4. a sense of humor
5. attractive adj.
6. attract vt.
7. have confidence in = be confident in
8. painful
9. be sensitive to
10. afterwards
11. or so
12. as well as
13. attach great importance to
14. dream of / about
15. sort out
16. in addition
17. sth. be familiar to sb.
18. sb. be familiar with sth.
19. break up
20. pretend to do …
21. pretend that
22. play jokes on
23. earn extra money
24. rely on sb. for sth.
25. afterwards
26. be devoted to
27. painful

序号有点乱 因为有删除 看看咯

⑧ 高一英语必修二期末语法总结

情态动词
情态动词表推测的三种句式
1.在肯定句中一般用must (一定),may(可能), /can, could(也许,或许)。 (1)He must/may/might know the answer to this question? 他一定/可能/也许知道这个问题的答案。
2.否定句中用can’t / couldn’t(不可能), may not/might not(可能不)。 (1)It can’t/couldn’t be the headmaster. He has gone to America. 这不可能是校长,他去美国了。 3.疑问句中用can/could (能……?)。 (1)Could he have finished the task? 他可能把任务完成了吗? (2)Can he be at home now? 他现在能在家吗?
注:以上三种句式中情态动词的语气按程度都是依次递减的。Might, could并非may, can的过去式,而表示语气较为委婉或可能性较小。

(二)情态动词表推测的三种时态
1.对将来情况的推测,用“情态动词 + 动词原形”。
(1)She must / may / might / could arrive before 5. 5:00前她一定/可能/也许到。
2.对现在或一般情况的推测,用“情态动词 + be”,“情态动词 +be doing”或“情态动词 + 动词原形”。 (1)He must / may / might / could be listening to the radio now. 他一定/可能/也许正在听收音机。
注:情态动词 should /ought to表推测时,意为“想必会,理应……”但与“have +过去分词”连用时,则又可构成虚拟语气意为“本应该做某事却没做”。例如: (4)It’s seven o’clock. Jack should/ought to be here at any moment. 现在七点钟了,杰克理应随时到达。(推测) (5)She should / ought to have attended your birthday party, but she had to look after her mother in hospital. (虚拟) 她本该出席你的生日晚会的,可是她得在医院照顾她妈妈。 (6)Tom should not /ought not to have told me your secret, but he meant no harm. (虚拟) 汤姆本不该告诉我你的秘密,可是他并无恶意。
助动词(auxiliary)主要有两类:基本助动词(primary auxiliary)和情态助动词(modal auxiliary)。基本助动词有三个:do, have和be;情态助动词基本的有十四个:may, might; can, could; will, would; shall, should; must, need, dare, used to, ought to.had better 上述两类助动词的共同特征是,在协助主动词构成限定动词词组

名词性从句
主语从句
作句子主语的从句叫主语从句。主语从句通常由从属连词that,whether,if和连接代词what,who,which,whatever,whoever以及连接副词how,when,where,why等词引导。that在句中无词义,只起连接作用;连接代词和连接副词在句中既保留自己的疑问含义、又起连接作用,在从句中充当从句的成分。
宾语从句
名词从句用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。引导宾语从句的关联词与引导主语从句表语从句的关联词大致一样,在句中可以作谓语动词或介词及非谓语动词的宾语。
表语从句
在句中作表语的从句叫表语从句。引导表语从句的关联词与引导主语从句的关联词大致一样,表语从句位于连系动词后,有时用as if引导。其基本结构为:主语 + 系动词 + that从句。例如: The fact is that we have lost the game. 事实是我们已经输了这场比赛。 That’s just what I want. 这正是我想要的。
【注意】whether 可引导表语从句,但与之同义的if却通常不用于引导表语从句。
同位语从句
同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容。同位语从句通常由that引导,可用于同位语从句的名词有advice、demand、doubt、fact、hope、idea、information、message、news、order、problem、promise、question、request、suggestion、truth、wish、word等。

⑨ 高一英语必修一必修二语法归纳

主要语法有;引语,应该注意,当把直接引语变成间接引语时,主语版要随着语景进行逻权辑变化;而谓语的变化是最重要的,要把现在的时态变成相应的过去时态。如果直接引语是一般过去时,就要变成过去完成时。如果直接引语是一般将来时,就不变。还有几种情况不变的;直接引语叙述的是客观真理,直接引语里有一个非常具体的时间状语,如;in 1998等,也不变。再就是时间状语,地点状语都有些变化,你要看书后的列表。还有各种句型在变间接引语时要注意的问题。 定语从句;由关系代词引导的定语,要注意两条;先要看先行词是什么(人/物),再要看在从句里作什么,也就是充当什么成分,最后决定用什么关系代词。以上是一册里的语法。第二册有,关系副词引导的定语从句,关键也要记住上边 提到的两条。还有被动语态。主要是谓语动词的变化,最基本的是;be加过去分词,各种时态都是在be上变化。其实高一真没有太多太难的语法,多看看书,一定能学好。祝你成功!

⑩ 高中英语必须掌握的语法有多少种

高中英语语法关键 高中部分: 1.过去将来时 2.过去完成时 3.被动语态 4.直接引语和间专接引语 5.定语从句属 6.情态动词 7.动词的-ing分词及-ed分词 8.不定式 9.主语和谓语的一致 10.名词性从句 11.省略 12.倒装 13.状语从句 14.构词法 先要好好记单词,背语法,多做题,多问老师,好好听课

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