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七下英语10一12单元单词短语

发布时间:2021-01-25 01:08:58

① 人教版七年级下册英语6单元至10单元的重要单词、词组(个100)

Unit5.Topic 1

wake up. /wake sb up 醒来,叫醒某人

want to do sth 想做某事

get up early/late 早/ 迟起

by+交通工具 on foot

on weekdays /weekends 在周日/ 周末

at around /about six o’clock 大约在6点

have a (short) break 稍息一会儿

in the spare time 在业余时间

play basketball/soccer/ 打篮球/足球

play sports 做运动

play the piano弹钢琴

go dancing去跳舞

sing songs 唱歌

play computer games 玩电脑游戏

watch TV 看电视

for a (little) while一会儿

read books 看书

clean the house 打扫房间

in the library 在图书管

do one’s homework 做家庭作业

listen to music 听音乐

write letters写信

go roller skating 去滑旱冰

How often 多常

once a week/ twice a week/ three times a day

一星期一次/两次,一天三次

Unit5 Topic 2

at the moment /minute =now此刻

talk with/to sb 与某人谈话

wait a minute/moment 等一会儿

on the shelf在书架上

return =give sth back 归还

on time 准时

on the playground 在操场上

anything else /nothing else/what else

什么别的,没有别的,别的什么

between…and… 在…和…两者之间

Here is/are… 这是…

love/like doing sth. 喜欢做某事。

Unit 5 Topic 3

have classes/lessons/have a class/ lesson

上课

be over=end=finish 结束

wait for sb/sth 等某人

have to =must 必须

think of /about 考虑

do /try one’s best 尽力

care about 担心

learn from sb 向某人学习

with great interest 有浓厚兴趣的

Thank sb for (doing) sth

因为某事而感谢某人

Best wishes 祝福你

Unit 6 Topic 1

on the second floor 在第二层

Why not do sth =why don’t you do sth?

为什么不做某事?

go upstairs 上楼

have a look (at) 看一看

Come in, please 请进

so many nice books 这么多好看的书

plant flowers / trees 种花/树

have a bath 洗澡

read books/newspapers 看书/报纸

in/on the wall 在墙上

play with 玩…, 和…玩

put sth away 把…放好

look after 照顾

in/on the tree 在树上

in front of 在…前面(范围外)

in the front of 在…前面(范围内)

get a letter from sb 收到某人的来信

Unit 6 Topic 2

be like 像…

in an apartment building 在一个单元房里

in the countryside 在农村

in the suburbs 在郊区

in the area 在这个地区

How about/What about (doing) sth …….怎么样?

would like to do sth = want to do sth 想要做某事

go back to 回去 go back home 回家

For Rent 出租(广告) Wanted 求租(广告)

per month/week/year 每个月/星期/年

call sb at +号码 打某人……电话

think over=think about=think of 考虑

a single room 一间单人房间

a double-room house 一间双人房

a 3-bedroom house一间3卧室的房间

rent sth from sb. 向某人租….. 求租…

rent sth to sb. 租给某人…... 出租…..

around here 这周围

on the street corner 在街角处

There is something wrong with…….

……有什么毛病?

get sb to do sth.=ask sb to do sth.= let sb do sth. 让某人做某事.

right now 马上,立刻.

a lot of 许多.

be close to / be near与…接近

be far from 离…很远

keep money 存钱

take trains 乘火车

mail letters 寄信

see the doctor 看病

hear sb doing sth . 听到某人正做某事.

try to do sth. 试着做某事.

such a station 这样的一个车站

move from…to… 从…移到/搬到…

at the end of… 在…末梢

on the right 在右边

The traffic is heavy. 交通拥挤

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事

Unit 6 Topic 3

go /walk across =cross 穿过

on the corner of… 在…的拐弯处

(be) across from… 穿过…, 在…对面

on one’s /the way to

在(某人)去某地的路上

get to… 到达…get home /there/here

(be) far away from… 远离…

need to do sth. 需要做某事

need do sth. 需要做某事

change to the No.1 bus.转1路车。

a ticket for speeding(开车时)超速的罚单

thousands of 成千的,好几千的

get hurt=be hurt受伤

in a road accident 在一次交通事故中

make the road safe 使交通安全

obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则

keep on the right 保持向右行

be clear 安全的/清洁的

It is good to do sth 做某事很好

blind people 盲人

Unit7Topic 1

next / last Saturday 下星期六/ 上星期六

be fun/interesting 有趣

plan to do sth. 计划做某事

want to do sth. 想要做某事

have a birthday party开一次生日晚会

Would you like sth.你想要……

Would you like to do sth. 你想要做某事

You bet./ Of course./ Sure./ Certainly.

当然啦

be born 出生

use sth for doing sth 用于作…

look up 查阅,查找

must be 一定是

Unit7Topic2

perform ballet 跳芭蕾舞

dance the disco跳迪斯科

take photos ( of…) 照相

sing songs for sb.为某人唱歌

take sth./sb. to sw 把某物带到某处

take sth.with sb. 随身带上某物

work out 算出 work on 演算

fly a kite / fly kites 放风筝

one year ago 一年前 two years ago两年前

play table tennis 打乒乓球

be good at (doing)sth 擅长做某事

have a good time 玩得很开心

Something is / was wrong with…

什么有毛病

with the help of ….在……的帮助下

make model planes.制作模型飞机

Unit7Topic3

It’s one’s turn. 轮到某人了

What’s the matter?/What’s wrong?What’s up? 怎么啦?

fall down 跌倒

happen to sb.发生在某人身上

go to a movie =see a film = go to the cinema

去看电影

lie to sb. 对某人说谎

tell a lie (to sb) 说谎 tell- told

talk about 谈论 in fact 事实上

sit around… 围坐在…

make the cards 做卡片

make a silent wish 默默许愿

write a letter to sb. / write to sb.

写信给某人

Unit 8 Topic 1

climb mountains = go climbing爬山

go hiking 踏青

make a snowman(snowmen) 做雪人

in spring / summer / fall / winter

在春/夏/秋/冬

like sth best 最喜欢

like sth better 更喜欢

nice and =very, quite 很,挺

all day 整天

be coming 就要来了

go on sth. 进行某事

go on a trip 进行旅行

go out 出去

take an umbrella 带伞

wear sunglasses 带太阳镜

wear warm clothes 穿暖和的衣服

remember to do sth. 记住要去做某事

remember doing sth. 记住做过某事

(be) the same as 与……一样

travel to sw. 旅游到某地

wear an overcoat 穿一件大衣

come back to life 复苏, 复活

get warm 变暖和

a hopeful season. 一个充满生机的季节。

A harvest season. 一个丰收的季节.

come after 来自……之后

be busy doing sth.忙于做….

last from…to…持续从……到

last for 持续

Unit 8 Topic2

travel around 周游

take pictures/photos of… 拍……的照片

hope to do sth. / hope (that)+句子

希望做某事

next month 下个月

places of interest 名胜

each of us 我们中的每一个人

tell sb sth.about告诉某人关于……某事

take off 拖掉,起飞

point to 指点

touch a child on the head 摸小孩的头

do some touring 观光

do some shopping/cleaning

买东西/做卫生

need to do sth.需做某事

give sth. to sb. /give sb.sth. 给某人某物

pass sth.to sb. /pass sb. sth. 递某物给某人

be friendly to sb 对某人友好

be different from 与……不同

Unit 8 Topic3

make mpings 做饺子

each other 相互,互相

have families get together.举行家庭聚会

on this day 在这一天 good luck 好运

stay up 熬夜 send sth. to sb. 送某人某物

play tricks on sb.= trick on sb 开某人玩笑

pick up摘,捡起 knock at/ on 敲

on the night of 在……夜晚

go touring / shopping 去旅行/ 购物

enjoy a seven-day holiday享受7天的假期

hold dragon boat races举行龙舟赛

the capital of ……的首都,…….的省会

go up 升起

Best wishes to sb.! 致某人最好的祝愿

on the eve of 在……前夕

at midnight 在午夜

put up 挂

with

最令某人高兴的是 To one’s joy

取得很大的进步

在户外in the open air

与某人聊天 chat with

互相 each other =with one another

与某人相聚 have a get-together with

很快,马上 (at)any minute now

及时 in time

匆忙in a hurry

动身,出发 set off

朝回走 head back

朝回家的路走 head back home

有一个美好的未来 have a great future

期望做某事 look forward to doing sth.

给某人一个拥抱 give a hug to sb.

旅途平安 Have a safe flight!

出去散步 go out for a walk

② 新目标英语七年级下册第10单元词组

Unit 10
1. New York City 纽约来市
2. 源summer camp夏令营
3. visit museum参观博物馆
4. think of 思考,考虑,认为
5. bus trip 乘公交车的旅行
6. all day整天
7. have fun doing sth 很高兴做某事
8. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事
9. find sb doing sth发现某人正在做某事
10. be lost迷路,走失,丢失
11. help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
12. make sb do sth使(让)某人做某事
13. walk to 走路去……
14. decide to do sth决定做某事
15. all morning 整个早上(上午)
16. the Great Wall万里长城
17. the Palace Museum 故宫
18. Tian’an Men Square 天安门广场

③ 《新目标英语》七年级下册第十至十二单元重点句型、短语大神们帮帮忙

Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation? Ⅰ 、 Useful expressions: 1. go to New York City 去纽约市 2. summer camp 夏令营 3. go to summer camp 去参加夏令营 4. visit museums 参观博物馆 5. visit sp. 参观(走访)某地 6. go on one’s vacation 进行某人的假期 7. go to Central Park 去中心公园 8. study for exams 为考试学习(复习) didn’t = did not 不;没(否定词助动词的过去时) 9. think of 思考;考虑 10. a bus trip 一次(长途)汽车旅行 11. be awful 很讨厌的;糟糕的 12. all day 整天 13. go to a beautiful beach 去漂亮的海滩(玩) 14. have great fun doing sth. 做某事很开心;高兴地做某事 15. play in the water 在水里玩 16. go to a museum 去博物馆 17. find sb. doing sth. 发现某人正在做某事 18. in the corner 在角落里 19. help sb. do sth. 帮助某人做某事 20. make sb. feel + adj. 使某人觉得…… 21. make sb. do sth. 促使某人做某事 22. walk back to sp. 走回某地 23. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 24. all morning 整个上午 25. have Sichuan food for dinner 晚餐吃川菜 26. the Great Wall 万里长城 27. the Palace Museum 故宫博物馆 28. Tian’an Men Square 天安门广场 29. make questions about sth. 对某方面提问;提关于某方面的问题 30. ask sb. sth. 问某人某事 31. discuss (sth.) with sb. 和某人讨论(某事) 32. the best place for a vacation 去度假的最好地方 33. write a report on sth. 写一篇关于某方面的报道 34. stay here 留在这儿 35. go out 出去 Ⅱ 、 Sentences: 1. Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪儿度假了? I went to the mountains. 我去爬山了。 2. Did you/he/she/they go to Central Park? 你/他/她/他们去中心公园了吗? Yes, I/he/she/they did. 是的,我/他/她/他们去了。 No, I/he/she/they didn’t. 不,我/他/她/他们没去。 3. How was your vacation? 你的假期怎么样? It was pretty good . 相当好。 4. How was the weather? (那时的)天气怎么样? It was hot and humid. 闷热而潮湿。 5. How were the beaches? 沙滩怎么样? They were fantastic. 太好了。 6. How were the people? 人们怎么样? They were unfriendly. 他们不大友善。 7. Great weather! 好棒的天气呀! 8. The shops were too crowded. 这艘船太拥挤了。 9. He was lost. 他迷路(走丢)了。 10. That made me feel very happy. 那使我感到非常高兴。 11. I didn’t have any money for a taxi. 我没有那么多钱打车(坐出租车)。 Unit 11 What do you think of game shows? Ⅰ 、 Useful expressions: 1. talk show(s) 访谈节目 2. soap opera 肥皂剧;连续剧 3. sports show(s) 体育节目 4. sitcom (situation comedy) 情景喜剧 5. game show(s) 游戏(比赛)节目 6. stand sb./ sth. 忍受某人/某事(物) 7. can’t stand … 不能忍受…… 8. don’t mind … 不介意;不反感;不反对;无所谓…… 9. in fact 实际上;其实;确切地说 10. English Today 今日英语 11. Sports News 体育新闻 12. Healthy Living 健康生活(方式) 13. Culture China 文化中国;中国文化 14. Chinese Cooking 中国饮食 15. Animal World 动物世界 16. 9 o’clock Weekend Talk 九点钟的周末访谈 17. a thirteen-year-old boy 一个十三岁大的男孩儿 18. …-year-old ……(几)岁大的 19. agree with sb. 同意某人(的观点) 20. key ring 钥匙链 21. this week 这周 22. ask sb. about sth. 问某人关于某方面的事 23. show sb. sth. 给某人展示某物 24. mind the watch 反感手表 25. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 26. in the school magazine 在校园杂志上 27. put my letter in next month’s magazine 把你的信放到下个月的杂志里 28. wear colorful clothes 穿着五颜六色的衣服 Ⅱ 、 Sentences: 1. What do you think of soap operas? 你觉得肥皂剧怎么样? I can’t stand them . 我不能忍受它们。 2. How about …? ……怎么样? 3. Welcome to the show. 欢迎参加这个节目 4. I do, too! 我也是;我也一样! 5. Cooking is for moms! 做饭是妈妈们的事! 6. Thanks for doing sth. 非常感谢你做了某事。 1. Tell it like it is! 如它所是地说它;实话实说! 2. Her friend Jeff says he can’t stand the scarf. 她的朋友杰夫说他不能忍受围巾。 3. I can’t stand the idea that old people can’t be beautiful. 我无法忍受说老年人不能美丽的观念。 4. I enjoy nice words about my looks. 我喜欢(听)关于(赞扬)我相貌的好话。 5. I don’t mind what young people think of me! 我不介意年轻人怎么想(看)我。 6. What kind of TV show do you like? 你喜欢哪种电视节目? *13. What’s up? 怎么了;发生什么事了? *14. I don't, either. 我也不;我也如此(不……) Unit 12 Don’t eat in class. Ⅰ 、 Useful expressions: 1. in class 在课堂上 2. School (Library/Family) Rules 校规(图书馆规章制度/家规) 3. arrive late for class 上课迟到 4. in the hallways 在走廊里 5. in the classrooms 在教室里 6. listen to music 听音乐 7. Ms Clark 克拉克女士 8. wear a hat 戴着帽子 9. listen to music outside 在外面听音乐 10. in the music room 在音乐房里 11. in the dining hall 在餐厅里 12. eat outside 在外边儿吃 13. sports shoes 运动鞋 14. gym class 体育课 15. the rules at your school 学校的规章制度 16. have to 不得不;必须 17. after school 放学后 18. go out on school nights 在学校行课日(有课)的晚上外出 19. too many rules太多规矩 20. every morning 每天早上 21. be in bed 睡觉 22. by ten o’clock/10:00 在十点钟之前 23. wash my clothes 洗我的衣服 24. make dinner 做晚餐 25. the Children’s Palace 少年宫 26. learn the piano 学钢琴 27. never have any fun 从未有任何乐趣;从来都不开心 28. go to bed去睡觉 29. talk loudly 大声地说话 30. ride one’s bike 骑某人的自行车 31. wear a helmet戴着头盔(防护帽) *32. so many 很多;如此多的 *33. hang out with sb. 和某人一起闲逛 Ⅱ 、 Sentences: 1. What else do you have to do? 你还要干别的什么事? 2. Later I have to go to the Children’s Palace to learn the piano. 然后(稍后)我必须去少年宫学钢琴。 3. No talking! 不许讲话! *4. You’re lucky! 你好幸运啊!

④ 求七年级上册英语1~12单元短语带翻译哦!!!急!!!!

have breahfast/lunch/dinner吃早来餐/午饭/晚餐 play soccer/basketball/volleyball/ping-pong/tennis/football打或自踢英式(美式)足球、篮球、排球、乒乓球、网球 一件短的黄色德T恤衫
A short yellow T-shirt 来买你的衣服To come and buy your clothes. 在廉价销售On sale 能承担得起我们得价格You can afford our prices. 我能帮你吗?(3个)May I help you?Can I help you? what can I do for you 不用谢.You are welcome.早上/中午/晚上好Good morning afternoon/evening 给你 Here you are 弹钢琴play the piano

⑤ 七年级下册英语短语7-12单元

Unit 7
1. look like看起来像
2. short/curly/long/straight hair短(卷、长、直)发
3. medium height中等高度,中等个子
4. medium build中等体型,中等身材
5. be of 具有,具备,属于
6. the captain of the basketball team篮球队队长
7. a little bit 有点儿,有些,稍许
8. black/brow/blonde hair:黑色(棕色、金黄色)的头发
9. love to do sth 热爱做某事
10. tell jokes 讲笑话
11. stop doing sth.停止做某事
12. wear glasses戴眼镜
13. pop singer流行歌手
14. a new look一个新的形象(面貌)
15. not … any more 不再,再也不
16. go shopping 去购物

Unit 8
1. would like想要,喜欢,愿意
2. what kind (of…)哪一种
3. beef and tomato noodles 牛肉和西红柿面
4. a small/medium/large bowl of noodles小(中、大)碗的面条
5. what size (of …) 多大,多少尺寸
6. countable/uncountable nouns 可数(不可数)名词
7. orange juice桔子汁,橙汁
8. green tea绿茶
9. a mpling house一家饺子店 = a house of mplings
10. dessert house 甜食店
11. phone/telephone number电话号码
12. tomato soup西红柿汤

Unit 9
1. clean one’s room打扫某人的房间
2. go to the beach去海滩
3. last weekend上周末
4. on Saturday morning/ afternoon/ evening/ night:在星期六的早晨(下午、晚上、深夜)
5. do sports 做运动,进行体育锻炼
6. study for the match test为数学考试作准备
7. What about…? ……怎么样?= How about...?
8. at home 在家
9. have a party 开晚会,举行聚会
10. do some reading阅读,看书
11. practice English练习英语
12. regular/irregular verbs 规则(不规则)动词
13. go to the mountains 进山
14. middle school 中学
15. watch a movie看电影
16. a busy weekend繁忙的周末
17. cook dinner 做饭 = make dinner
18. talk show 访谈节目,脱口秀
19. last month 上个月
20. go for a walk去散步
21. sit down 坐下
22. watch sb do sth 看见某人做了某事
23. It’s time to do sth. 是做某事的时候了。
24. a baseball game 一场网球比赛

Unit 10
1. New York City 纽约市
2. summer camp夏令营
3. visit museum参观博物馆
4. think of 思考,考虑,认为
5. bus trip 乘公交车的旅行
6. all day整天
7. have fun doing sth 很高兴做某事
8. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事
9. find sb doing sth发现某人正在做某事
10. be lost迷路,走失,丢失
11. help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
12. make sb do sth使(让)某人做某事
13. walk to 走路去……
14. decide to do sth决定做某事
15. all morning 整个早上(上午)
16. the Great Wall万里长城
17. the Palace Museum 故宫
18. Tian’an Men Square 天安门广场

Unit 11
1. game shows 比赛节目
2. sports shows体育节目
3. soap opera肥皂剧, 连续剧
4. situation comedy情景喜剧 = sitcom
5. don’t mind不介意
6. can’t stand不能容忍,受不了
7. in fact事实上,实际上
8. English Today《今日英语》
9. Sports News《体育新闻》
10. Healthy Living 《健康生活》
11. Culture China《中国文化》
12. Chinese cooking《中国烹饪》
13. Animal World《动物世界》
14. Weekend Talk 《周末访谈》
15. Tell it like it is! 《实话实说》
16. agree with sb.同意某人(的意见)
17. a thirteen-year-old boy一个13岁的男孩
18. key ring钥匙链
19. ask sb. about sth问某人关于某事的情况
20. show sb sth 出示某物给某人 = show sth to sb
21. enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事
22. school magazine校刊
23. next month 下个月
24. colorful clothes色彩艳丽的服装
25. enjoy nice words about my looks喜欢(听)赞美自己外貌的话

Unit 12
1. in class 在课堂上
2. school/family rules校(家)规
3. arrive late for class上课迟到 = be late for class
4. listen to music听音乐
5. the dining hall 饭厅,膳厅,餐厅
6. have to 不得不,必须
7. what else别的什么
8. sports shoes运动鞋
9. gym class体育课
10. wear a uniform穿制服,穿校服
11. after school/class:放学(下课)以后
12. go out 出去
13. on school nights在(学生)有课的晚上
14. too many 太多(后接可数名词复数形式)
15. be in bed 人在床 on the bed物在床
16. wash clothes洗衣服 = do some washing
17. make dinner 做饭 = cook dinner
18. the Children’s Palace少年宫
19. no talking 不许说话

⑥ 新目标英语七年级上册 第1-12单元 短语句型汇总 人教版

not yet.还没。
12. see you.再见。
13. shut up! 闭嘴!
14. so long.再见。
15. why not? 好呀! (为什么不呢?)
16. allow me.让我来。
17. be quiet! 安静点!
18. cheer up! 振作起来!
19. good job! 做得好!
20. have fun! 玩得开心!
21. how much? 多少钱?
22. i'm full.我饱了。
23. i'm home.我回来了。
24. i'm lost.我迷路了。
25. my treat.我请客。
26. so do i.我也一样。
27. this way。这边请。
28. after you.您先。
29. bless you! 祝福你!
30. follow me.跟我来。

⑦ 新目标英语七年级下12单元短语总结

Unit 12 Don't eat in class.
一.短语
1. in class 在课上 2. on school nights 在上学的晚上 3. school rules 校规
4. no talking 禁止交谈 5. listen to music 听音乐 6. have to 不得不
7. take my dog for a walk 带狗去散步 8. eat outside 在外面吃饭 9. in the hallway 在走廊上 10. wear a uniform 穿制服 11. arrive late for class 上学迟到 12. after school 放学后 17. be in bed 在床上 13. practice the guitar 练习弹吉它 14. in the cafeteria 在自助食堂里 15. meet my friends 和我朋友见面 16. by ten o'clock.十点之前 18. the Children's Palace 少年宫 19. help my mom make dinner 帮助我妈做饭
二.重点句型
1.Don’t arrive late for school=Don’t be late for school
2.Don’t fight =
3.Don’t listen to music in the classroom.
4.Don’t run in the hallways
5.Don’t smoke. It’s bad for your health.
6.Don’t play cards in school
7.Don’t talk in class
8.Don’t watch TV on school nights.
9.Don’t sleep in class.
10.Don’t play sports in the classrooms.
11.Don’t sing songs at night.
12.Don’t talk when you eat.
13.Don’t wear hats in class.
14. Do homework by 10:00.
15. Clean your house!
16. Make the bed.
17. Can we ……? Yes, we can. No, we can’t.
Eg: Can we arrive late for class?
No, we can’t. We can’t arrive late for class.
18.Do you have to wash your clothes? Yes, I do./No, I don’t.
三. 重难点解析:
1. 情态动词have to 的用法,意思是"必须、不得不",它侧重于客观上的必要和外界的权威。(1)结构:主语+have to+动词原形+其他
(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用has to;句子是过去时,用had to.)如: We have to wear sneakers for gym class. 在体育课上,我们必须穿运动鞋。Tom has to practice the guitar every day. 汤姆每天必须练习弹吉它。I had to get up at 5:00 am last Monday. 上周一,我不得不早上5点起床。
(2)否定形式:主语+don't have to+动词原形+其他
(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用doesn't have to. 句子是过去时,用didn't have to)
如:Nick doesn't have to wear a uniform. 尼克不必穿制服。We didn't have to do our homework at once. 我们不必马上完成作业。
(3)疑问句:Do (Does或Did)+主语+have to +动词原形+其他
如:Do you have to stay at home on weekends? 周末你必须呆在家里吗?Yes, I do. / No, I don't.
是的,我必须。不,我不必。Did he have to go to bed by 11:00 last night? 昨晚,他不得不11点前上床睡觉吗?
2. 情态动词can的用法
(1)表示能力,"会""能"(在第一册中已经学习这种用法)
Can you play the guitar? 你会弹吉它吗?Judy can speak a little Chinese. 朱蒂会说一点中文。I can dance and sing. 我能唱歌又能跳舞。
(2)表示允许、许可,"可以"、"能"(在这一课中新学的词义)
Can the students run in the hallways? 学生们可以在走廊上跑吗?We can eat outside. 我们可以在外面吃东西。Can I come in? 我能进来吗?
注意 同样是情态动词,can 和have to 的用法是有区别的,和大部分情态动词一样,can在否定句中,直接在can后加上not,在疑问句中,把can放到主语前面,并且没有人称和数的变化。
3. hear,listen和sound都有"听"的意思,但三者是有区别的。
(1)hear"听说",侧重于"听"的内容
I'm sorry to hear that you are ill. 听说你生病了,我很难过。
I never heard such an interesting story. 我从来没听过这么有趣的一个故事。
(2)listen"听"侧重于"听"这一动作。Listen to me carefully. 认真听我说。
The children like to listen to music. 孩子们喜欢听音乐。
(3)sound"听起来",它是系动词,后面接形容词等。That sounds great. 那听起来真不错。
It sounds like fun. 听起来挺有趣。
4. be in bed "在床上、卧床"in 和bed之间不能用冠词,bed也不用复数。
He is in bed for 10 years. 他卧床10年了。Dave has to be in bed early every night.大卫每晚必须很早睡觉。
5. arrive late for 与be late for 意思相近,"迟到"Don't arrive (be)late for school. 上学别迟到。I arrived (was)late for the meeting yesterday. 我昨天开会迟到了。
6. No talking ! "禁止交谈!"no后面加上名词或动名词(doing)也表示不要做某事。与don't +do的用法相似。No wet umbrellas! / Don't put wet umbrellas here! 禁止放湿雨伞!
No food! Don't eat food here! 禁止吃食物!No smoking! Don't smoke here! 禁止吸烟!
7.语法(祈使句)
祈使句是用来表示请求、命令、叮嘱、号召或者劝告等的句子,这类句子的主语常是第二人称you,也就是听话者,因而you常省去了。祈使句的开头是动词原形。
如:Look out! 小心!Wait here for me! 在这等我!
Be sure to come here on time! 务必准时来到这里!
祈使句的否定形式多以do not(常缩写成don't)开头,再加上动词原形。
Don't arrive late for school. 上学别迟到。
Don't fight! 别打架!
Don't look out of the window. 不要向窗外看

⑧ 七年级下英语12单元的短语例如don't run in the hallways等等的不要做什么快快快快快快快快快

Don't talk in class.(不要在课堂上说话)
Don't play phone in class. (不要在课回堂上玩电话)
Don't read story books in class.(不要在课堂上读课外答书)
Don't sleep in class.(不要在课堂上睡觉)
Don't fight in class.(不要在课堂上打架)
Don't do your homework in class.(不要在课堂上做你的家庭作业)
Don't be/arrive late for class.(上课不要迟到)

⑨ 文科爱好者七年级下英语12单元重点单词短语句子

第十二单元的:Unit 12 Don't eat in class.
一.短语.
1. in class 在课上
2. on school nights 在上学的晚上
3. school rules 学校规章制度
break the rules 违反规章制度
4. no talking 禁止交谈
5. listen to music 听音乐
6. have to 不得不
7. take my dog for a walk 带狗去散步
8. eat outside 在外面吃饭
9. in the hallway 在走廊上
10. wear a uniform 穿制服
11. arrive late for class 上学迟到
12. after school 放学后
17. be in bed 在床上
13. practice the guitar 练习弹吉它
14. in the cafeteria 在自助食堂里
15. meet my friends 和我朋友见面
16. by ten o'clock.十点之前
18. the Children's Palace 少年宫
19. help my mom make dinner 帮助我妈做饭
20. in the hallways 在过道

二.重点句型
1.Don’t arrive late for school=Don’t be late for school
2.Don’t fight
3.Don’t listen to music in the classroom.
4.Don’t run in the hallways
5.Don’t smoke .It’s bad for your health.
6.Don’t play cards in school
7.Don’t talk in class
8.Don’t watch TV on school nights.
9.Don’t sleep in class.
10.Don’t play sports in the classrooms.
11.Don’t sing songs at night.
12.Don’t talk when you eat.
13.Don’t wear hats in class.
14.Do homework by 10:00.
15.Clean your house!
16.Make the bed.
17.Can we ……? Yes ,we can . No, we can’t.
18.Do you have to wash your clothes? Yes, I do./No, I don’t.
三. 重难点解析:
1. 情态动词have to 的用法,意思是"必须、不得不"。
(1)结构:主语+have to+动词原形+其他
(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用has to;句子是过去时,用had to.)如:We have to wear sneakers for gym class. 在体育课上,我们必须穿运动鞋。Tom has to practice the guitar every day. 汤姆每天必须练习弹吉它。I had to get up at 5:00 am last Monday. 上周一,我不得不早上5点起床。
(2)否定形式:主语+don't have to+动词原形+其他
(一般现在时,主语是第三人称单数时,用doesn't have to. 句子是过去时,用didn't have to)
Nick doesn't have to wear a uniform. 尼克不必穿制服。We didn't have to do our homework at once. 我们不必马上完成作业。
(3)疑问句:Do (Does或Did)+主语+have to +动词原形+其他
如:Do you have to stay at home on weekends? 周末你必须呆在家里吗?Yes, I do. / No, I don't.
是的,我必须。不,我不必。Did he have to go to bed by 11:00 last night? 昨晚,他不得不11点前上床睡觉吗?
2. 情态动词can的用法
(1)表示能力,"会""能"(在第一册中已经学习这种用法)
Can you play the guitar? 你会弹吉它吗? can在否定句中,直接在can后加上not,在疑问句中,把can放到主语前面,并且没有人称和数的变化。
5. arrive late for 与be late for 意思相近,"
6. No talking ! "禁止交谈!"no后面加上名词或动名词(doing)也表示不要做某事。与don't +do的用法相似。No wet umbrellas! / Don't put wet umbrellas here! 禁止放湿雨伞!
No food! Don't eat food here! 禁止吃食物!No smoking! Don't smoke here! 禁止吸烟!
7.语法(祈使句)
祈使句是用来表示请求、命令、叮嘱、号召或者劝告等的句子,这类句子的主语常是第二人称you,也就是听话者,因而you常省去了。祈使句的开头是动词原形。
1)Be型(即系动词原型be+表语+其他)。
如:Be quiet,please.否定句Don’t + be+表语+其他。
如:Don’t be angry.
2)Do型(即系动词原形+宾语+其他)。如:
Open you books,please.否定句Don’t +实义动词原形+宾语+其他。
如:Don’t eat in the classroom.
3)Let型(即Let+宾语+动词原形+其他)如:
Let me help you.Let’s go at six o’clock.
否定句一般在宾语后加not。如:
Let’ not watch TV.
4)No+V-ing型(此种形式通常用于公共场合的提示语中,意为“禁止做某事“)如:
No smoking! 严禁吸烟!No talking! 不许交谈!No passing! 禁止通行!No parking! 不许停车

⑩ 人教版初一下学期英语第1和12单元的单词;重点句型;短语

单词你要unit 1 and unit 12 给你 如假包换
unit 1

pen pal 笔友 Australia 澳洲
Japan 日本 Canada 加拿大
France 法国 the United States 美国
Singapore 新加坡 the United Kingdom 英国
country 国家 Sydney 悉尼
New York 纽约 Paris 巴黎
Toronto 多伦多 Tokyo 东京
live 住 lauguage 语言
world 世界 in English 用英语
Japanese 日本人 French 法语
any 任何一个 dislike 不喜欢
Jodie 朱迪 Andrew 安德鲁
Lucy 露西 King 金(姓)
Sam 萨姆 Julie 朱丽
Unit12
rule规则 hallway走廊;过道 classroom教室
fight打架;争吵 Ms女士 outside外面的;在外部的
dining进餐;吃饭 hall大厅;礼堂 have to不得不;必须
else其他的;别的;另外的 sports shoes运动鞋 gym体育馆
Dr医生(缩写) by到---之前;不迟于 wash洗;洗涤
later后来;以后 the Childen's Palace少年宫 notalking不许讲话
loudly大声地

句型免费给你12个单元
Unit 1

1. Where is your pen pal from?

--He’s from Australia.

=Where does your pen pal come from?

-- He comes from Japan.

Where are you from?

--I’m from the United States.

2. Where does she live?

--She lives in Paris.

3. What language does he speak?

--He speaks French.

4. Where is Toronto?

--It’s in Canada.

Unit 2

1.Is there a bank near here (in the neighborhood)?

--Yes, there is. It’s on Center Street.

/ No, there isn’t.

2. Where’s the supermarket?

--It’s across from the post office.

3. Go straight down New Street and turn right.

4. Turn left at Bridge Street.

5. There’s a pay phone on your left.

Unit 3

1. Let’s see the koalas.

--Why do you like koalas

--Because they’re very cute.

2. Why does he like elephants?

--Because they’re kind of interesting.

3. Where’re lions from?

-- They’re from South Africa.

4. What (other) animals do you like.

--I like dolphins.

Unit 4

1. What does she do?/ What’s her job?/What’s she?

--She is a doctor/reporter/bank clerk/waiter…

What do you do? –I’m a shop assistant.

2. Where does she work?

She works in a hospital/TV station/bank/restaurant.

3. What does she want to be ?

-- She wants to be a policewoman.

4. Why does he want to be a policewoman?

--Because it’s an exciting job.

Unit 5

1. What are you doing?—I’m watching TV.

2. What is he/she doing?—He/She is cleaning.

3.What are they doing?-They’re talking on the phone

4. Is Nancy doing homework?

--No, she isn’t. She’s writing a letter.

5. Do you want to go to the movies?

--Yes, I do./Sure./That sounds good.

6. When do you want to go

--Let’s go at 8:00.

7. Where is he eating dinner? (现在进行时)

--He’s eating dinner at home.

8. Where do people play basketball? (一般现在时)

--They play basketball at school.

Unit6

1. How’s the weather in Fuzhou?

=What’s the weather like in Fuzhou?

---It’s sunny and hot. (windy and cool)

2. How’s it going?

--Pretty good/Great/Not bad/Terrible/Just so-so.

3.What do you do when it’s raining?

--I stay at home and read a book.

现在进行时

1.含义:表示现在正在进行或一段时间正在进行的动作标志词:now, look, listen等。构成:be +V-ing

2.V-ing 变化规则:

1)一般加 ing 如play---playing watch---watching

2)以不发音的e 结尾,去e 加ing. 如: take----taking

3)元+辅结尾,且是重读闭音节的单词,双写辅音字

母+ing. 如:run----running swim----swimming

3.句式1)肯定句: 主语+be +v-ing+其它.

如: I am reading a book.

2)否定句:直接在be后加not.

如:I am writing.→ I am not writing.

3)一般疑问句及回答:问句,直接把be提前,肯定回答:Yes,主语+be 否定回答: No,主语+be+not

如:Are you drawing ? ---Yes,I am./No, I’m not.

4)特殊疑问句:疑问词+be+主语+v-ing+其它

如:What is he doing? Where is he reading books?

新目标英语七(下)unit1~6单元重点短语及词组
unit1 1、be/come from:来自
2、live in Paris:住在巴黎
3、write to me soon:快点给我写信
4、play sports:运动、锻炼
5、speak a little French:讲一点法语
6、like going to the movies with my friends: 喜欢和我的朋友去看电影
7、tell sb about...告诉某人关于、、、、、、
8、an interesting country: 一个有趣的国家
9、in November: 在十一月
10、speak a little French: 说一点法语
11、like playing sports:喜欢做运动
12、her favorite language:她最喜欢的语言
13、write to Tom:写信给汤姆
14、Jolie’s pen pal:朱利的笔友
15、likes and dislikes:好恶、爱憎
unit2 1、打扰了Excuse me
2、散步 take a walk
3、玩的开心 have fun
4、向左/右转 turn left/right
5、一个干净又宁静的超市 : clean and quiet supermarket
6、一直走 go straight
7、穿过公园 go through the park
8、在右边 on the right
9、欢迎来中国 Welcome to China
10、参观格林大道 visit Green Street
11、世界之旅的开始 the beginning of the world tour
12、买一些食品 buy some food
13、饭店隔壁 next to the restaurant
14、乘出租车 take/have a taxi / by taxi
15、沿着长街走 go down /along/up Long Street
16、穿过第六大道 go through Sixth Street
17、在新公园右转 turn right at New Park
18、在大桥街 on Bridge Street
19、旅途愉快 have a good trip
20、去学校的路 the way to school
21、邮局:post office
22、公用电话:pay phone
23、第五大街 Five Avenue
24、中心街道 on Center Street
25、靠近… next to
26、在…对面 be across from
27、在…和…之间 between... and....
28、在一个安静/繁忙的街道上on a quiet/busy street
29、在附近 near here=in the neighborhood
30、在你家附近near your home
31、在你的右边 on your right
32、欢迎到…来 welcome to...
33、花园区 the Garden District
34、花园游览the garden tour
35、步行穿过…take a walk through
36、经过…pass...
37、有花园的房子… a house with a garden
38、….的开头 the beginning of...
39、一个玩的高兴的好地方a good palce to have fun
40、在超市买些食buy some food in the supermarket
41、去我家的路 the way to my home
42、一个干净的公园a clean park
43、一条安静的街道a quiet street
44、一家旧旅馆an old hotel
45、一个繁华的超市a busy supermarket
46、三个很脏的房间three very dirty rooms
unit3 1、let sb do sth.让某人做某事:Let him go .让他走吧。
2、kind of=a bit =a little 稍微、有点
3、有点有趣:kind of interesting 4、有点懒:kind of lazy
5、来自南非:be from South Africa
6、对某人友好:be friendly to sb
7、和某人友好相处:be friendly with sb
8、喜欢做某事(习惯性的):like doing sth 9、喜欢做某事(偶尔一次的、未发生的): like to do sth
10、保持安静:be/keep quiet
11、在白天:ring/in the day
12、在晚上:at night=in the night
13、每天:every day
14、每天的、日常的:everyday
15、和朋友一起玩:play with one's friends
16、在白天睡觉:sleep ring the day
17、他12岁:He is twelve years old.
18、起床:get up
19、吃叶子:eat leavies
unit4 1、他是干什么的?: What does he do?=what's he?=What's his job?
2、和某人一起工作:work with sb
3、在、、、、、、工做:work at/in.....
4、为、、、、、、工作:work for...
5、给某人某物:give sth to sb=give sb sth
6、从、、、、得到、、、、:get sth from ....
7、穿着白色的制服:wear a white uniform(状态)
8、穿上你的衣服:put on your coat(动作)
9、有点危险:kind of dangerous
10、两个小偷:two thieves
11、和某人交谈:talk to/with sb
12、谈论、、、、、:talk about sb/sth
13、问某人问题:ask sb questions
14、工作得晚:work late
15、做某事迟到:be late for sth.
16、出去就餐:go out to dinners
17、忙碌:be busy
18、忙于做、、、: be busy with sth=be busy doing sth
19、对、、、、、、、感兴趣:be/become interested in....
20、一个有趣的工作:an interesting job
21、努力工作:work hard
22、艰苦的工作:hard work
23、一项适合你的工作:a job for you
24、给你提供一个工作:have a job for you
25、和演员一起工作:work with actors
26、打电话给晚报:call the Evening Newspaper
27、在医院:in/at a hospital
28、很多,许多:a lot of=lots of
29、 想要做……:want to do...
30、招聘广告:want ads
31、其他年轻人:other young people
32、参加校园剧的演出:be in the school play
33、需要一名医生:need a doctor
34、售货员,店员: sales assistant
35、警官:police officer
36、银行职员:bank clerk
37、 害怕,恐怕…: be afraid of
38、电视台:TV station
39、警察局:police station
40、流行歌手:pop singer
41、重要人物;Very Important Person
42、出去:go out
43、校园剧:school play
44、尽可能快地:as soon as possible
45、晚报:evening newspaper
46、数钱:count money
47、有点儿危险:kind of dangerous
48、写故事:write stories
49、运动教练:a sports coach
50、图书管理员:a library assistant
51、在将来:in the future
unit5 1、看电视:watch TV
2、看书: read a book=read books=do some reading
3、看一只小鸟
5、看电影:go to the movies
6、做家庭作业:do (one's)homework
7、那听起来还不错:That sounds good/nice.
8、写信:write a letter
9、这个电视剧无聊: This TV show is boring/isn't interesting.
10、等候、、、、、:wait for....
11、等候某人做某事:wait for sb to do sth
12、游泳:swim=have a swim=go swimming
13、购物:shop=go shopping=do some shopping
14、在图书馆:in the library
15、 打篮球:play basketball
16、谢谢你的来信:Thanks for your letter.
17、谢谢某人做某事:thanks/thank sb for doing sth
18、在第一张图里:in the first photo
19、一些图片:some photos
20、在游泳池里游泳:swim at the pool
21、下一张图片:the next photo
22、在家里:at home
23、和某人在一起:be with sb
24、最后一张图片:the last photo
25、我的全家福:a photo of my family
26、打电话:talk on the phone
27、我的一些照片:some of my photos
28、电视节目:TV show
29、这是、、、、、:This is....(介绍人用)
unit6 1、今天云南的天气怎么样?:How's the weather in Yunnan today?= What's the weather like in Yunnan today?
2、做晚饭:cook dinnner/supper
3、玩电脑游戏:play computer games
4、你怎么样?(两人见面时)How's it going?
5、相当好:pretty good
6、好天气:fine/nice weather
7、在雨中:in the rain
8、一个有风的晚上:a windy night
9、环球节目:Around The World show
10、中央电视台:CCTV
11、阳光明媚的一天:a beautiful,sunny day
12、许多人:many/a lot of /lots of people
13、在度假:on vacation(介词)
14、在度假:take a vacation(动词)
15、多云的:be cloudy
16、刮风的:be windy
17、热的/冷的/温暖的/凉爽的/潮湿的: be hot/cold/warm/cool/humid
18、拍照:take photos=take a photo
19、躺在沙滩上:lie on the beach 正 躺在沙滩上:be lying on the beach
20、一群学生:a group of students
21、这群孩子:this group of children
22、打沙滩排球:play beach volleyball
23、看上去很酷/漂亮/年轻:look cool/beautiful/young
24、惊讶:be surprised +从句
25、惊讶做、、、、:be surprised to do sth
26、对、、、、、感到惊讶:be surprised at....
27、在高温下/在这么热的天:in this heat
28、玩的高兴:have a good time=have fun=enjoy oneself
29、戴围巾:wear scarfs
30、中央电视台世界各地节目: CCTV's Around The World show
31、确实很舒适 :really very relaxed
32、弹吉他:play the guitar

七年级(下)(Unit7-12)

Unit7

1.short/curly/long/straight hair:短/卷/长/直发

2.medium height/build:中等高度/身材

3.look like:看起来象

4.the captain of the basketball team:篮球队队长

5.be a little bit quiet:有点儿少言寡语

6.stop doing sth.:停止做某事

7.like playing chess :喜欢下棋

8.wear glasses:戴眼镜

9.a pop singer:一个流行歌手

10.a new look:一个新的形象

11.black/brow/blonde hair:黑色/棕色/金黄色的头发

12.last month:上个月

13.a woman with long black hair:一个有着长长金发的妇女

Unit8

1.what kind of:哪一种

2.would like sth.:想要某东西

3.a small/medium/large bowl of noodles:小/中/大碗的面条

4.orange juice: 桔子汁

5.green tea:绿茶

6.a mpling house/House of sumplings:一家饺子店

7.phone number:电话号码

8.tomato soup:西红柿汤

Unit9

1.do one’s homework:做家庭作业

2.play soccer:踢足球

3.clean one’s room:打扫某人的房间

4.go to the beach:去海滩

5.play tennis:打网球

6.go to the movies:去看电影

7.last weekend:上周末

8.do some reading:阅读

9.practice English:练习英语

10.study for the match test:为数学考试准备

11.last week :上周

12.on Saturday morning/ aternoon/ evening/ night:在星期六的早晨/下午/晚上/深夜

13.an interesting talk show:一个有趣的谈话节目

14.go for a walk:去散步

15.a nice day:晴朗的一天

16.play with:与…一起玩

17.a busy weekend:一个繁忙的周末

18.look for:寻找

19.watch a movie:看电影

20.It’s time to do sth.:是做某事的时候了

Unit10

1.visit sb.拜访某人

2.summer camp:夏令营

3.visit museum:参观博物馆

4.on vacation:度假

5.great weather:好天气

6. all day/night/year:整天/夜/年

7.have great fun playing:玩得高兴

8.be crowded:拥挤

9.find sb. doing sth.:发现某人正在做某事

10.be lost:迷路

11.help sb.do sth.:帮助某人做某事

12.make sb. do sth.:使某人做某事

13.be tired:疲倦

14.decide to do sth.:决定做某事

15. The Great Wall:长城

Unit11

1.talk/game/spors show:谈话/游戏/体育节目

2.soap opera:肥皂剧;连续剧

3.situation comedy/sitcom:情景喜剧

4.don’t mind/like:不介意/喜欢

5.can’t stand:不能容忍

6.think of:认为 7.agree with sb.:同意某人意见

8.in fact:事实上;实际上

9.a thirteen-year-old boy:一个13岁的男孩

10.sports shows:体育节目 11.Animal World:动物世界

12.Tell it like it is!:实话实说

13.Culture China:中国文化

14.Chinese cooking:中国烹饪

15.key ring:钥匙链

16.ask sb. about sth:问某人关于某事

17.colorful clothes:颜色鲜艳的衣服

18. English Today:今日英语

19. Sports News:运动新闻

Unit12.

1.be late for class:上课迟到

2.listen to music:听音乐

3.have to :不得不

4.what else:别的什么

5.sports shoes:运动鞋

6.go out :出去

7.after school/class:放学/下课以后

8.What’s up ?:什么事?

9.chool magizine:校刊

10.I don’t .either.:我也不

11.on school nights:在学生有课的晚上

12.Children’s Palace:少年宫

13.chool/family rules:校/家规

14.make dinner:做饭

15.wear a uniform:穿制服

16.gym class:体育课

17.enjoy nice words about my looks:喜欢赞美自己的话

18.wash the clothes:洗衣服

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