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八年级英语上册四单词组归纳

发布时间:2021-02-27 16:32:21

Ⅰ 八年级英语上册第四单元重点词组50个

1. get to school = arrive at school= reach school 到校

2. a bus stop公共汽车站, a train/ subway station火车(地铁站)站,

a bus station客运站, a TV station 电视台

3. take the subway 乘地铁

4. ride a bike 骑自行车

5. take the/a bus乘公共汽车

6. want to do sth.想做某事

7. take a taxi乘坐出租车

8. walk to school 步行上学

9. go in one’s car 坐(某人的)车

10. in North America 在北美

11. by bike/ bus/ subway/ car/ train乘坐……车

12. in other parts of the world在世界的其他地区

13. have a quick breakfast迅速吃早饭

14. depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠……决定

15. the early bus 早班车

16. leave for 起程(动身)前往……

17. take sb to sp 带某人到某处

18. a number of=many 许多

the number of ..….的数量

20. Doing sth takes sb some time/ money.

=It takes sb some time/money to do sth.

=sb spends some time/money (on sth).

=sb spends some time/money (in) doing sth.

=sth costs sb some time/money.

=sb pay some money for sth.

某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事

21. worry about (sth/sb) = be worried about (sb/sth)

为(某人/事)着急/担心

22. around the world= all over the world 世界各地,全世界

23. be different from 与……不同

24. how far 多远

25. the way of ……的方式

26. the way to 到……去的路

27. the mean of ……的方式

28. the meaning of ……的意思

Ⅱ 总结一下英语八年级上册的所有词组

八年级上册全部英语短语
A
1.a few + pl.n (可数名词复数): 有些...几个,少数...few + pl.n (可数名词复数):几乎没有的...
a little + un (不可数名词): 有一点点...少数的... little+ un(不可数名词):几乎没有的...
2. a lot 很非常,常常(放在动词短语后)thanks a lot learn a lot travel a lot
3. a lot of+ pl.n =many大量,许多 a lot of+ un =much
4. play the accordion 拉手风琴
5. add...to... 把...加到...上
6. a piece of advice(+ un)一条建议 a suggestion(可数名词) 一条建议
7.时间段+ago:...以前(过去时的标志)eg:3 years ago(3年前)
8. all over the world 全世界 all overChina 全中国
9. be angry with sb 生某人的气
10. as for 至于,关于
11. at themoment 此时;现在 = now (现在进行时的标志)
12. at the same time 同时
13. A+am/is/are+the same as+B A与B是一样
14. get one’s autograph 得到某人的亲笔签名
15. be away from sp 从…离开 be awayto sp 离开去某地 go away 离开
B
16. keep the balance of 保持…均衡 eat a balanced diet 饮食均衡
17. be good at +n/doing 擅长···;在···方面做的好=do well in+n/doing
18. beat +人 /团体组织 打败某人,战胜某人
win an award 赢得一个奖项 winthe match赢得一场比赛 winfirst prize赢得一等奖
19.because of+人/物/代/doing(因为,由于)=because+句子
20.begin=start+to do/doing 开始干···
20.begin with 以…开始 end with 以…结束
21. between…and…在…之间,中间
22.borrow sth from sb从某人那儿借入某物 lend sth to sb:借给某人某物
23. both A and B +are/were/v原… A和B两个都…
24. brown bread 黑面包
25. go to sp by bike/boat/bus/car 乘坐…去某地
C
26. a boy called·· 一个被叫做…的男孩
27. go camping 去野营
28. take good care of=took after…well 照顾…照管…关心…
29. do chores 做家务杂务
30. go to the cinema 去看电影= go to the movies= go to a movie= go to the movie theater
31. 互为反义A地be close toB地 A地离 B地很近 be far from A地离 B地很远
32. a clothing store 一个衣服店
33. come over to sp /sb 顺便来访···
34.communicate with sb与某人沟通communicate better with sb 与某人更好地交流、沟通
35. computer science 计算机科学
36. go to the concert 去听音乐会give/have a concert 举行音乐会
37. a cup of… 一杯…two cups of…
38. cut up 切碎
D
have abusy (wonderful) day off: 度过一个···的休息日
seeadentist 看牙医
dependon 视···而定,决定于
decideon 决定在···上
decide to do 决定干···
be different from···与···不同
be the same as ···与···相同
do chores 处理琐事;干家务
do the dishes 洗餐具
do the laundry 洗衣服
drive to sp 驱车去某地
go for a drive 开车去兜风
E
exchange student交换生
F
be famous for ···因···而出名
be famous as ···作为···而出名
feed 羊 on草 用草喂羊
feed 草 to 羊 把草喂给羊
have a fever 发烧;发热
finish doing sth结束干···;干完···
go fishing 去钓鱼
keep fit = keep healthy = keep in good health保持健康
fold one's clothes叠衣服
go to sp on foot=walk to sp走着去某地
forbid sb (to) do sth 禁止某人干···
forbid doing sth禁止干···;不允许干···
forget to do 忘记去干···
forget doing 忘记已干过···
remember to do 记着去干···
remember doing 记着只干过···
in future 从今之后
in the future在将来
G
get+形容词=become+形容词 变得···
get (go)back to sp回到某地来
play golf打高尔夫球
get good grades 取得好成绩
green onion(s)嫩洋葱;葱(带茎叶的)
grow up成长;长大
H
hang(hung) out with sb和某人一起闲荡、闲逛
hardly ever 几乎不;几乎没有
hate to do sth不喜欢干···
hate doing sth不喜欢干···
have a cold感冒
have a headache 头疼
have a stomachache胃疼;肚子疼
have a toothache牙疼
hear sb do sth听到某人干了···(自始至终)
hear sb doing sth听见某人正在干···
high school(美)中学;(英)中等学校
go hiking徒步旅行;去远足
hold an exhibition举办艺术展
host family寄宿家庭
how far多远
how long多久;多长时间
how many(+pl.n可数名词复数)多少
how much(+un不可数名词) 多少
how often多久一次
a hundred+ pl.n(可数名词复数): 100个···
two hundred+ pl.n(可数名词复数): 200个···
hundreds of+ pl.n(可数名词复数): 数百个···
I
75.ice skating 滑冰
76.be ill / be sick 病了,身体不适
a sick boy 一个生病的男孩
77.have something in cmmon 在某些方面共有的…
78.play an instrument 演奏一种乐器
79. have / take/ show (an) interest in… 对…感兴趣
=be interested in….
80. (1)invite sb to do sth = ask sb todo sth邀请某人干某事
(2)invite sb to sp 邀请某人去某地
J
81.junk food 垃圾食品
K
82. keep+形容词:保持…
L
83. be late for+n: 干什么迟到
be late to do sth: 干什么迟到
84. laugh at: 讥笑某人… 笑话某人…
85. leave for sp 动身出发去某地
86. living room 起居室,客厅
87. look at 朝…看

M
88. major in 主修,专研…..
89. make sb do sth 使/让某人干….
make one’ s / the bed 整理床铺
90. What’the matter with sb? .....怎么了? 出了什么事?
=What’wrong with sb?
91. have 3 meals a day 1天吃3顿饭
have breakfast/ lunch / dinner 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭
92. take some medicine 吃药
93. have/take a metting 开会
94. mike shake 奶昔
a banana mike shake 一份香蕉奶昔
95. mix up 混合在一起(代词放中间,名词中后可)
96. more than = over 超出…….
97. Mo 97. move to sp 搬到某地去(当sp为here,there,home等地点副词时省略to)
N
98. it’s necessary to do sth 做…是有必要的
99.(1)North America 北美洲
(2)northern China = the north of China 中国北部
(3)southern China = the south of China 中国南部

O
100. of course 当然,自然
101. once a week 一周一次
twice a year 一年二次
3 or 4 times a week 一周3到4次
P
102. part-time job 兼职工作
103. plan to do sth 计划干某事
104. pour….into…. 把…倒进…里
105. primary school 小学
106. computer programmer 电脑程序设计师
Q
107. have a quick breakfast 快速吃早餐
=have breakfast quickly

R
1. radio station无线电台
on the radio station 通过无线电台
2. the recipe for… 做…的食谱
3. hold the world record for… 保持…的世界纪录
4. have a good rest 好好休息一下
5. (1) ride(动词)a bike to sp 骑自行车去···
=go to sp by bike/
=go to sp on a/the/one’s bike
(2)10 minutes ‘ bike rides(名词)10分钟的自行车车S
1. go to sp by sea 坐船去…
=go to sp by ship/boat
2. send sb sth = send sth to sb 把某物寄给某人
send sb to do sth 派遣某人干某事
3. take/have a shower淋浴
4 .go sightseething 去观光游览
5. go skating 去滑冰
go skateboarding 踏滑板运动
6. sleep late 睡过头; 起的晩
7 .a slice of+un(不可数名词) : 一片…
turkey slices 火鸡片
8 .(1)something interesting 修饰不
(2)anything different 定代词/副词
(3)somewhere interesting 的形容词
(4)anywhere quiet and beautiful放在其后
9. have a sore back/throat 背痛/咽喉痛
10. stay/get/be+stressed out 有压力的,紧张的
11. have a great sucess 得巨大的成功
a successful man 一个成功的人
12. surf the Internet 网上冲浪
13. sweep the floor 打扫地板
14. swimming pool 游泳池
T
1. table tennis 乓球运动
2. take a vacation =have/go on + a vacation 去度假
3. take out the trash 倒垃圾
4. take part in =join in +活动参加… 参与…
区别join+人/团体/组织
5. talent show 才艺表演注意: talented为形容词:有天赋的
6. the day after tomorrow 后天
the day before yesteday 前天
7. too…to… 太…以至不能···
=so+形/副+that+否定句
=not+已知道的形/副的反义词+enough to do···
8. tour the U.S. 在美国旅行 (tourist 名词:旅行者;游客)
9. go to sp by train 坐火车去…
= take train to sp = go to sp on the train
10. travel to sp 到某地去旅行
11. have tennis training 进行网球训练
12. try to do sth 设法去努力干…
try doing sth 试着用某一方法去干某事
try one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力干
13. turn on/off/up/down 打开/关上/放大/关小
U
1. go to university 去上大学
2 .not…until··· 直到…才…;不到…不
eg:He isn’t going to leave until his friend comes back
直到他的朋友回来,他才打算离开。
W
1. the way to sp 去哪里的路
the way to do sth 干…的方法
2. the whole year = all the year 一整年
3. work on 从事;忙于
4. worry about··· 为···而担心;焦虑
=be worried about···
Y
1. have a yard sale 进行庭院旧货出售
2. I’m not sure yet. 至今我还不确定
补充:修饰形容词.副词.原级的词有:(1)very (2)quite [十分](3)pretty [相当] (4)really (5)as+形容词原级+as …和…一样 ; not so(as)+形容词原级+as … …不如…
形/副比较级前有用 :much,a little,even,still,a bit,far等修饰

Ⅲ 人教版八年级英语上册前四单元的短语

自己买书区

Ⅳ 八年级英语上册四单元短语+翻译

我们做个朋友吧,我也是八年级的。选我吧。

Ⅳ 人教版八年级上册英语第一,二,三,四单元语法和词组重点

Unit 1 How often do you exercise?
重点语法:频率副词
询问别人做某事的频繁程度
提问用 How often 引导特殊疑问句
回答用 always, sometimes, twice a day 等频率副词。
例句:A: How often do you watch TV?(你多长时间看一次电视?)
B: I watch TV every day.(我每天都看电视。)
A: What's your favorite program?(你最喜欢的节目是什么?)
B: It's Animal World.(是《动物世界》。)
A: How often do you watch it?(你多长时间看一次这个节目?)
Unit 2 What's the matter?
重点语法:询问别人如何感觉
了解人体器官和部位的英文名称
了解一些常见病的英文名称
告诉别人应该怎样做和不应该怎样做
例句:A: What's the matter?(怎么了?)
B: I'm not feeling well.(我感觉不舒服。)I have a cold.(我感冒了。)
A: When did it start?(什么时候开始的?)
B: About two days ago.(大约两天前开始的。)

Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?
重点语法:用现在进行时态表示一般将来时态
强调某个动作已经计划好即将按照计划去执行
例句:A: What are you doing for vacation, Lin Hui?(林辉,放假准备干什么呢?)
B: I'm going to Tibet for a week.(我要去西藏旅游一周。)
A: That sounds interesting!(这听起来很有趣。)

Unit 4 How do you get to school?
重点语法:询问别人做某事的方式
用 How 引导特殊疑问句
其回答有多种方式,其中一种结构是 by doing sth. 或 by sth. 的结构。
询问两地的距离用 how far 引导特殊疑问句
回答用 be + (distance) + [away] + from 的结构。
例句:A: How do you get to school?(你如何去上学?)
B: I take the subway.(我乘地铁去上学。)

Ⅵ 新目标英语八年级上册把各单元的词语总结归纳出来(写词汇表里面的)

新目标八年级(上)英语复习提纲(全套)
Unit 1: How often do you exercise?
【复习目标】
会使用频率副词及短语;
能描述课余时间的活动安排;
会描述基本饮食结构。
【语言目标】

● What do you usually do on weekends?
I sometimes go to the beach.
● How often do you eat vegetables?
Every day.
● Most students do homework every day.

【重点词汇】
● always, usually , often, sometimes , hardly , ever, never.
● how often, once , twice , three times a week , every day.
● milk, junk food, health, unhealthy, habit, exercise, most, result, try, different
maybe, although, arm, foot, tooth, ear, eye, advice, thirsty ,forget, finish, plan .
【应掌握的词组】

1. go to the movies 去看电影
2. look after = take care of 照顾
3. surf the internet 上网
4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
5. go skate boarding 去划板
6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康
7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports锻炼
8. eating habits 饮食习惯
9. take more exercise 做更多的运动
10. the same as 与什么相同
11. be different from 不同
12. once a month一月一次
13. twice a week一周两次
14. make a difference to 对什么有影响
15. how often 多久一次
16. although = though虽然
17. most of the students=most students
18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物
19. as for至于
20. activity survey活动调查
21. do homework做家庭作业
22. do house work做家务事
23. eat less meat吃更少的肉
24. junk food垃圾食物
25. be good for 对什么有益
26. be bad for对什么有害
27. want to do sth 想做某事
28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事
29. try to do sth 尽量做某事
30. come home from school放学回家
31. of course = certainly = sure当然
32. get good grades取得好成绩
33. some advice
34. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不
35. keep/be in good health保持健康
36.be stressed紧张的,有压力的
37. take a vacation 去度假
48.get back 回来

【应掌握的句子】
1. How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体?
How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次),(在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等。
翻译:“你们多久到工厂去一次?”“每星期两次。”
(“How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”)
“他们多长时间举办一次舞会?”“通常每两周举办一次。”
(“How often do they have a dancing party?” “Usually, once every other week.”)
“他多久去购一次物?”“一个月一次。”
(“How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”)
2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.”
“周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。”
第一个do为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个do则是实义动词。
翻译: What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.
What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking.
3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.”
“你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”
4. As for homework , most students do homework every day .
as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。如: As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。
As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。
翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。 (As for myself, I don’t want to go now. )
至于那个人,我什么都不知道。(As for the man, I know nothing about him.)
5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her .
want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”;
want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:
Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?
The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。
6. She says it’s good for my health.
be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for...。(这里for 是介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)
如:It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。
Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。
7. How many hours do you sleep every night?
8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .
9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里pretty相当于very 。
10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week .
try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而try doing sth.表示“(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。
如: You’d better try doing the experiment in another way.
你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。
11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.
help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事
12. Good food and exercise help me to study better.
这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级
13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?
=Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from …
14. What sports do you play ?
15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health .
keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy
16. You must try to eat less meat .
try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思,less是little的比较级
17. That sounds interesting.
这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell
(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得),get
(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如:
It tastes good. 这味道好。
The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。
The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。
【词语辨析】
一、maybe / may be
1. The baby is crying she is hungry.
2. The woman a teacher .
maybe 是副词,意为“大概, 可能,或许”,一般用于句首。May be是情态动词,意为“可能是..,也许是..,大概是..”.
二、a few / few / a little / little
1. people can live to 100,but people can live to 150.
2. There is time left, I don’t catch the first bus.
3. Could you give me milk?
a few (少数的,几个,一些)
a little (一点儿,少量)
表示肯定
few (很少的,几乎没有的)
little (很少的,几乎没有的)
表示否定
修饰可数名词
修饰不可数名词
三、none / no one
1、 of the pens are mine .
2、 is in the classroom.
none指人或物,强调数量,用how many提问,常与of连用。no one 多指人,强调“无人”这种状态,用who提问,不可与of连用,作主语时,其谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。
四、hard / hardly
1. The ground is too to dig
2. I can understand them.
3. It’s raining ,the people can go outside.
hard作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”;作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。Hardly意为“几乎不”。
这里是一部分,如果适合您,您可再网络联系我,我把整个文件发到您的邮箱。
希望我的回答对您有帮助,谢谢!

Ⅶ 八年级英语上册3、4单元词组翻译

. Selected 6. Different things 7. Several problems about our school (with a fell) 8. Loan video 9. Go fishing 10. In November 11. In December 12. A bike ride 13. Go to visit the 14. Walking 15. Show someone something (two) 16. Had happy; Stay (two) 17. Send someone something (two) 18. Back to school 19. A good place to go sightseeing 20. Go hiking 21. This weekend 22. Next week 23. On Monday 24. Keep health (three written) 25. In many western countries 26. The traditional Chinese medicine 27. And · · · different 28. And · · · the same 29. The difference (noun) 30 a famous film star 31. Worried about someone 32. More interesting 33. The majority of students 34. Methods; Means 35. Public transportation 36. The most popular public transportation 37. Km 38. Eight kilometers 39. Miles 40. Ten miles 41 min 42. Fifteen minutes and 43. European 44. 45 in Europe. In rural 46. A postcard 47. Go to school on foot (two) 48. The world 49. A small number of students for 50. Take someone to certain place 51. Eat breakfast quickly 52. Riding a bicycle (two) 53. Sports camp 54. Forget to do STH 55. Forget to do STH 56. Spend time with friends 57. 46 58. One hundred and five 59. Sick 60. The station 61. Think 62. Drive 63. How far 64. In other parts of the world 65. The early bus 66. Take the train 67. Leave to certain place 68. Depending on the · · · and decide 69. By boat (two) 70 take the subway (two) 71. Can't wait do STH 72. An exciting holiday 73. Where weather choose? (two) 74. You think of the film? (two) 75. You doing for vacation? I'm going to take care of my little sister 76. How do you arrive at school? I ride a bike to school 77. Spend someone for a period of time doing STH 78. Homework every day I spend two hours. 79. From how far from your home to school? 80. How long

Ⅷ 帮忙归纳八年级上册英语第四单元的所有最高级句子

课课通上有的,老师上课讲了,英语大课堂上也有短语和知识讲解。大概就三点1.the+比较级2.of them/him all 3.在三者之间 。用法Grammar应该有的!新概念上也有的

Ⅸ 八年级上册英语书重点词组有哪些

八年级上知识点总结
Unit 1: How often do you exercise?
【语言目标】
● What do you usually do on weekends? I sometimes go to the beach.
● How often do you eat vegetables? Every day.
● Most students do homework every day.
【重点词汇】
● always, usually , often, sometimes , hardly , ever, never.
● how often, once , twice , three times a week , every day.
【应掌握的词组】
1. go to the movies 去看电影
2. look after = take care of 照顾
3. surf the internet 上网
4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
5. go skate boarding 去滑板
6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康
7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports锻炼
8. eating habits 饮食习惯
9. take more exercise 做更多的运动
10. the same as 与什么相同
11. be different from 不同
12. once a month一月一次
13. twice a week一周两次
14. make a difference to 对什么有影响
15. how often 多久一次
16. although = though虽然
17. most of the students=most students
18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物
19. as for至于
20. activity survey活动调查
21. do homework做家庭作业
22. do housework做家务事
23. eat less meat吃更少的肉
24. junk food垃圾食物
25. be good for 对什么有益
26. be bad for对什么有害
27. want to do sth 想做某事
28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事
29. try to do sth 尽量做某事
30. come home from school放学回家
31. of course = certainly = sure当然
32. get good grades取得好成绩
33. some advice
34. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不
35. keep/be in good health保持健康
36.be stressed out紧张的,有压力的
37. take a vacation 去度假
48.get back 回来
【应掌握的句子】
1. How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体?
How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次),(在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, 2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.”
“周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。”
第一个do为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个do则是实义动词。
3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.”
=What program do you like best?
“你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”
4. As for homework , most students do homework every day .
as for...意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。如: As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。
As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。
5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her .
want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”;
want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:
Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?
The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。
6. She says it’s good for my health.
be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for...。(这里for 是介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)
如:It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。
Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。
7. How many hours do you sleep every night?
8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .
9. My eating habits are pretty good .这里pretty相当于very 。
10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week .
try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而try doing sth.表示“(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。
如: You’d better try doing the experiment in another way.
你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。
11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.
help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事
12. Good food and exercise help me to study better.
这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级
13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?
=Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from …
14. What sports do you play ?
15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health .
keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy
16. You must try to eat less meat .
try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思,less是little的比较级
17. That sounds interesting.
这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell
(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得),get
(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。如:
It tastes good. 这味道好。
The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。
The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。
【词语辨析】
maybe 是副词,意为“大概, 可能,或许”,一般用于句首。May be是情态动词,意为“可能是..,也许是..,大概是..”.

a few (少数的,几个,一些)
a little (一点儿,少量)
表示肯定
few (很少的,几乎没有的)
little (很少的,几乎没有的)
表示否定
修饰可数名词
修饰不可数名词

none指人或物,强调数量,用how many提问,常与of连用。no one 多指人,强调“无人”这种状态,用who提问,不可与of连用,作主语时,其谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。
hard作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”;作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。Hardly意为“几乎不”。
Unit 2 What’s the matter?
【语言目标】
● What’s the matter? I have a headache.
● You should drink some tea. The sounds like a good idea.
● I have a sore back. That’s too bad .
● I hope you feel better soon.
【重点词汇】
● head, nose, eye, ear, tooth, neck, stomach, back, leg, arm, foot, throat
● thirsty, stressed out,/ dentist, lie, rest, honey, water, illness, advice.
● cold, fever, headache, toothache, stomachache, sore throat
【应掌握的词组】
1. Have a cold 感冒
2. sore back 背痛
3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进
4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛
= I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach
= My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach
5. What’s the matter? 怎么了?
= What’s the trouble (with you)? = What’s your trouble?= What’s wrong (with you)?
= What’ the matter (with you)? =What has happened to you?
= Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up?
6. sore throat 咽喉痛
7. lie down and rest 躺下休息
8. see a dentist 看牙医
9. drink lots of water 多喝水
10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶
11.That’s a good idea 好主意
12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了
13.I think so 我认为如此
14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服
= I’m not feeling fine/all right. = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad.
= I don’t feel well.
15. get some rest 多休息
16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道
17. stressed out 筋疲力尽
18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了
19. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式
20. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医
21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和
22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛
23. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡
24. healthy food 健康食品
25. stay healthy 保持健康=keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit
26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself
反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快
=have a good time = have a wonderful time = have fun
27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物,
enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like doing sth practice doing sth.练习做某事,
mind doing sth. 介意做某事, finish doing sth.完成某事,
give up doing sth.放弃做某事, can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事,
keep doing sth. 坚持做某事. (keep on doing sth. / keep sb. doing sth. )
be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事 be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事
make a contribution to doing sth.为..做贡献
go on doing sth. 继续做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做过某事
remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 spend....(in) doing sth. 花(时间)来做某事
prefer doing sth.to doing sth.比起(做...)来更愿意(做...)
28. at the moment = now 此刻
29. Host family 东道家庭
30. Conversation practice会话练习
31. I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过
【应掌握的句子】
1. What’s the matter? I have a bad cold. 你怎么了?我得了重感冒。
2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 或许你应该看牙医。
我们不应该上课吃东西。We shoudn’t eat food in class,
3.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你很快好起来。
我希望他明天能来。I hope you will come here tomorrow.
4.Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy.
传统中医认为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康。
Teachers think we should study hard to get good grade.
我相信每天晚上睡眠8个小时很重要。
5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.
吃党参和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处。
Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes.
6.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang.
太紧张易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物。
7.It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it’s important to eat a balanced diet.
有一个健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的。
翻译:学好英语不是很容易的。It’s not easy to study English.
8.When you are tired, you shouldn’t go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你不该外出。
9.I believe him, but I can’t believe in him.
他的话是真的,但是我不信任他这个人。
10.I am not feeling very well at the moment. 这段时间我感觉不大好。
I’m tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛。
11.I’m stressed out because my Mandarin isn’t improving.
我很容易紧张,因为普通话没有长进。
12.I practice playing the piano every day.我每天练习弹钢琴。
翻译:他每天练习踢足球。I practice playing soccer every day.
13.She had finished writing the letter when I went in.
我进去时,她已经写完信了。
14.The doctor asked him to give up smoking.医生叫他戒烟。
翻译:不要放弃学英语。Don’t give up studying English.
15.Do you mind closing the window? 请把窗户关上好吗?
翻译:在这里吸烟你介意吗?Do you mind smoking here?
16.Mary couldn’t help laughing at his jokes.对于他的玩笑,玛莉忍不住笑了。
17.They kept working though it was raining.尽管天在下雨,他们仍坚持工作。
Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?
【语言目标】
● What are you doing for vacation?
I’m spending time with my friends.
● When are you going?
I’m going next week.
● How long are you staying?
We’re staying for two weeks.
【重点词汇】
● babysitting, going sightseeing, going fishing
● how long / plan, decide / at home, get back
【应掌握的词组】
1. babysit one’s sister 照顾妹妹
2. visit one’s grandmother 看望奶奶
3. spend time with friends 和朋友们一起度过时光
4. visit cousins 看望表弟等
5. go to sports camp 去运动野营
6. o to the beach 去海滩
7. go camping 去野营
8. Go shopping 去买东西
9. go swimming 去游泳
10. go boating去划船
11. go skating 去溜冰
12. go walking去散步
13. go climbing 去登山
14. go dancing去跳舞
15. go hiking 去徒步远足
16. go sightseeing 去观光 go bike riding 骑自行车旅行,go fishing 去钓鱼
17. go house-hunting 去找房子
18. o on a hike 徒步旅行,
19. do some shopping 买东西
20. do some washing 洗衣服
21. do some cooking 作饭
22. do some reading 读书
23. do some speaking训练口语
24. do some sewing 做缝纫活
25. that sounds nice 那好极了
26. at home 在家
27. how about=what about ……怎么样?
28. how long 多长时间
29. how far 多远
30. how often 多长时间一次
31. how much, how many 多少
32. have a good time
=have fun= have a wonderful time= enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快
33. show sb. Sth.=show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看
give me the book=give the book to me 给我书,
pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我,
sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我
buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书,
make me a cake = make a cake for me给我做蛋糕
34. get back=come back回来
35. rent videos租借影碟
36. take walks=go for a walk散步
37. think about 考虑
38. decide on= decide upon决定一个计划
39. something different 不同的事情
40.a great vacation 一个愉快的假期
41. I can’t wait 我等不及了
42. the famous movie star 著名的影星
43. an exciting vacation 激动人心的假期
44. Ask her about her plans 向她询问她的计划
ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事
45. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
【应该掌握的句子】
1.What are you doing for vacation? I’m babysitting my sister.
假期你要做什么?我要照顾我的妹妹。
2.Who are you going with? I’m going with my parents.你要和谁一起去?我要和父母一起去。
3.I’m going to Tibet for a week. 我要去西藏一周。
4.What are you doing there? I’m going hiking in the mountains.

Ⅹ 归纳出八年级上册英语第四单元的重点

.the biggest screens最大的荧幕
14. be the closest to home 离家最近
3.the shortest waiting time 最短的等候时间
4.have the most comfortable seats 有最舒服的座位
5.the best sound 最好的声音
6.buy clothes the most cheaply 买最便版宜的衣服
7.play the most boring songs播放最乏味的权歌曲
8.the worst music 最差的音乐
9.the freshest food最新鲜的食物
10.sit the most comfortably 坐得最舒服
11.so far 到目前为止

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