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四级英语写作常用搭配

发布时间:2021-03-16 16:34:47

① 列举英语四级作文常用衔接词.比如说"相反地","进一步说","另外"什么的.带例句,范文更好

1) 先后次序关系:at this time; first; second; at last; next;; simultaneously; eventually;last but not least;to begin with;to start with;to end with;finally;seeing...;since then;first of all;afterwards; following this; preceding this.
2) 因果关系:because;because of this;being that;another important factor/reason of... ; since; as; for; in that...; owing to; e to; for the reason that...; in view of; the reason seems to be obvious; there are about... ;for this reason; as a result of this; therefore;...and so...; consequently;as a result; thus; hence; so;so that...; in consequence; as a consequence; accordingly; inevitably; under these conditions; thereupon.
3) 转折关系:but;even so;however;though;even though;independent of;reckless of ;despite that; in spite of that; regardless of; yet...;and yet; but unless.
4) 并列关系: and; also;too;as well as;either...,or...;both...and...
5) (补充)递进关系: furthermore;moreover;further;In this way ;still; not only...but also...; not...but...; in addition (to);additionally, much more interesting, more specifically, next, besides; as far as... is concerned; moreover;in other words;along this line of consideration;on the one hand...,on the other hand...; even; as a poplar saying goes...;in order to do it...; meanwhile; at the same time; accordingly; In the first place...,in the second place...;equally important; of even greater appeal.
6) 比较关系: similarly; in like manner, in comparison with;when compared with;compared with;when in fact...; like...; likewise; similarly important; apart from (doing)...; ... rather than...,by doing so ;both…and...; in the same way; not only...but (also).
7) 对照(不同点):yet; still; for all of that; notwithstanding; rather; neither ... nor; although; though; but; however; something is just the other way around;yet; conversely; unlike; opposed to; as opposed to ; in contrast (to); by way of;on the contrary;different from this;as opposed to this; nevertheless; contrary to; whereas; while;but on the other hand.
8) 举例关系:for example; for instance; in this case; namely; as you know; you may as/say; as he explains; like; such as; a case in point is...; consider...; in particular;including...;for one thing...,for another...;put it simply;stated roughly; as an illustration, I will say...; a good example (of...)would be...;to detail this,I would like to...; It is interesting to note that...;in this situation; as proof; take the case of; take as example (something); as for; as regards; as to; according to; on this occasion.
9) 强调关系:in fact; especially;particularly;moreover;naturally; what is more important; in reality; certainly; of course; indeed; in particular;not to mention...;believe it or not;undeniably; other thing being equal;it is certain/sure that...;to be strict; to be true;by definition; definitely; undoubtedly; without a doubt; in truth, in any event(不论怎样); without reservation(毫无保留地); obviously, not only.. but(also...), both... and...
10) 条件关系: if;unless; lest;provided that;if it is the case;in this sense;once...;if possible;if necessary;if so;if not all; if anything.
11) 归纳总结类: in other words;on the whole; in sum; therefore;hence;in short;in brief;to sum up;in conclusion; in summary; to conclude; the conclusion can be drawn that...; for this reason; in short.
12) 地点关系:beyond; opposite to; adjacent to; at the same place; there; over; in the middle; around; in front of; in the distance; farther; here and there; above; below; at the right; between; on this side.
13) 目的关系:with this object; for this purpose; in order that; in this way, since; so that; on that account; in case; with a view to; for the same reason.
14) 重申关系:in other words; that is to say; as I have said; again; once again.
15) 结果关系:accordingly; thus; consequently; hence; therefore; thereupon; inevitably; under these conditions; as a result; as a consequence; because; because of; so that; not only...but (also...); so... as to.
16) 顺序关系:first; second; thirdly; next; then; at the outset(在开始时),following this; at this time; now; at this point; after; afterward; after this; subsequently; lastly; finally; consequently; before this; previously; preceding this; simultaneously; concurrently(同时).
17) 时间关系:at once; immediately; at length; in the mean time; meanwhile; at the same time; in the end; then; soon; not long after; later; at once; at last; finally; some time ago; at present; all of a sudden; from this time on; from time to time; since then; when; whenever; next point; a few minutes later; formerly; as; once; since; occasionally; in a moment; shortly; whereupon; previously

写作模板:
辩论式议论文
模版1
Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea.
There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据1.
More importantly, 论据2.
Most important of all, 论据3.
In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
模版2
People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观点1, while others point out that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight.
For one thing, 论据1.
For another, 论据2.
Last but not the least, 论据3.
To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
模版3
There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点). Some people are of the view that 观点1, while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious.
First of all, 论据1.
Furthermore, 论据2.
Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据3.
A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点.
As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.
或 From above, we can predict that 预测.
图表式作文
It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of …(多少).
What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第三个原因).
From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).
提纲式作文
1. 对立观点式
A.有人认为X 是好事,赞成X, 为什么?
B. 有人认为X 是坏事, 反对X,为什么?
C.我的看法。
Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持X 的另一个原因。
However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。
There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。
2. 批驳观点式
A.一个错误观点。
B. 我不同意。
Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。
There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。
3. 社会问题(现象)式
A.一个社会问题或者现象。
B. 产生的原因
C.对社会和我们生活的影响
D. 如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)
E. 前景的预测。
Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。
There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. 下面参照辩论式议论文的写法。
X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。
A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。
Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will ……..

英语四六级写作绝招
开头万能公式
1. 开头万能公式一:名人名言
有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!
原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?
经典句型:
A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)
It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)
更多经典句型:
As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计
原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。
原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:
According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graation.
看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:
Honesty:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。
Travel by Bike:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。
Youth:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。
Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。
更多句型:
A recent statistics shows that …
结尾万能公式
1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论
说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:
Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.
如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!
更多过渡短语:
to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus
更多句型:
Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议
如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!
Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?
更多句型:
Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
写作的“七项基本原则”
一、 长短句原则
工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:
As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.
如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!
强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

二、 主题句原则
国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!
特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

三、 一二三原则
领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。
1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)
2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)
3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)
4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)
5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)
6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)
7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)
8)most important of all, moreover, finally
9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)
10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!

四、 短语优先原则
写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:
I cannot bear it.
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
I want it.
可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.
这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

五、 多实少虚原则
原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:
走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room
但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room
小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room
小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room
老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room
所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

六、 多变句式原则
1)加法(串联)
都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:
I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.
如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:
Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.
其它的短语可以用:
besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover
2)转折(拐弯抹角)
批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。
The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.
The coat was thin, but it was warm.
更多的短语:
despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding
3)因果(so, so, so)
昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!
The snow began to fall, so we went home.
更多短语:
then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that
4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)
有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。
举例:This is what I can do.
Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:
When to go, Why he goes away…
5)附加(多此一举)
如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。
The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.
其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。
6)排比(排山倒海句)
文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!
Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.
Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.
We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)
要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

七、 挑战极限原则
既然是挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!
原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:
The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.
Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.
如果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪!
文章主体段落三大杀手锏
一、举实例
思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!
In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.
更多句型:
To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example
二、做比较
方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;
世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:
相似的比较:
in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner
相反的比较:
on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …
三、换言之
没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。
实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!
I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.
I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.
或者上面我们举过的例子:
I cannot bear it.
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
更多短语:
in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

四六级写作常见句型
(1)用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型
①As the graph depicts , …
②From the cartoon /picture , we can see that …
③According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph ,
④The table shows / indicates / reveals that …
⑤It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that …

(2)用于句首提出论题或现象的句型
①Recently , …has

② 英语四级作文常用词组

这是我们老师给我们总结的短语,应该没问题,呵呵,希望对你有所帮助1. at the thought of一想到…

2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论

3. at will 随心所欲

4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有

5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,

7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地

8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致

9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地

10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据

11. on one’s own account

1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益

2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责

3) (=by oneself)依靠自己

12. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去

13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.

15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.

16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.

19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理

21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外

25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;

28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.

29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.

30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.

31. have an advantage over 胜过.

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.

33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意

34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.

36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.

37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.

38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计

39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不;all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.

40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.

41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.

42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.

43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.

44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for

45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉

46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用.

48. apply to 与…有关;适用

49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准

50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.

51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…

52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻

54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.

55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结

56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…

57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料

58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法

59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果

60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均

61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道.

62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面

63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.

64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台

65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃

66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)

67. be based on / upon 基于

68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上

69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢

70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义

72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.

73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.

74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)

75. for the better 好转

76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.

77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生

78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

79. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)

80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机

81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘

82. out of breath 喘不过气来

83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之

84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的

85. take the floor 起立发言

86. on business 出差办事.

87. be busy with sth.于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

88. last but one 倒数第二.

89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设

90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买

91. be capable of 能够, 有能力

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的

92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何

93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;

94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一,in the case of 至于…, 就…而言

95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)

96. be cautious of 谨防

97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上

98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.

99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然1. at the thought of一想到…
2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论
3. at will 随心所欲
4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有
5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,
7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致
9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
11. on one’s own account
1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责
3) (=by oneself)依靠自己
12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去
13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)
14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。
15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。
16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)
17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告
18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。
19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉
20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。
29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先
30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地
31. have an advantage over 胜过
have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件
have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事
32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用
希望对您有帮助,好请采纳

③ 求几个英语四级作文常用的高级词汇和短语

一般来说,托福写作会涉及到一些固定的主题,整理这些主题所涉及到的词汇和句型,就有重要的意义。下面,小编为大家整理“托福写作高频词汇分类汇总”,希望对大家有所帮助。
1. 环保话题类 white pollute 白色污染 sustainable development 可持续发展 ecosystem 生态系统 environmental pollution 环境污染 over-fishing (overgrazing) 过度捕捞 (过度放牧) sand storm 沙尘暴 resource exhaustion 资源枯竭 water and soil conservation 水土保持 soil erosion 土壤流失 clear-cutting (deforestation) 滥砍滥伐 desertification 沙漠化 conserve natural resources 保护自然资源 shortage of fresh water 淡水短缺 disruption of ecological balance 生态失衡 natural preservation zone 自然保护区
2. 教育话题类 the craze for graate school 考研热 surf the internet 网上冲浪 cyberspace 网络空间 inter-disciplinary talent 复合型人才 assignment of graates 毕业生分配 net friend 网友 examination-oriented ecation 应试教育 teach students according to their aptitude 因材施教 quality-oriented ecation 素质教育 compulsory ecation 义务教育 internet bar 网吧 alt (continuing) ecation 成人教育 distance ecation 远程教育 campus culture校园文化 two-way selection 双向选择 work-study program 勤工俭学 double degree 双学位 non-resident student 走读生 resident student 寄宿生 extracurricular activities 课外活动 self-taught examination 自学考试 become well-ecated through self-study 自学成才 to rece study load 学生减负 web-addiction 沉湎于上网
3. 社会热点类 Project Hope 希望工程 information revolution 信息革命 jerry-built projects 豆腐渣工程 population explosion 人口爆炸 epidemic disease 传染病 dropout students 失学儿童 laid-off worker 下岗工人 reemployment project 再就业工程 clone technology 克隆技术 migrate laborer 民工 crack down on counterfeit goods / fake procts 打假 devalue 贬值 expand domestic demand 扩大内需 state-owned enterprise 国有企业 deflation 通货紧缩 inflation通货膨胀 rechargeable card 冲值卡 Smooth Traffic Project 畅通工程 anti-fake label 防伪标志 poverty alleviation 扶贫 infrastructure construction 基础设施 vicious circle 恶性循环 gender discrimination 性别歧视 psychological quality心理素质 pattern of consumption 消费结构 consumers’ association消费者协会 green food绿色食品 money worship 拜金主意 Olympic committee 奥委会 host city 举办城市 bid for Olympic 申办奥运会

④ 英语四级词汇:30个常用动词固定搭配



1、(be) about to 刚要,即将

2、(be) absorbed to 专心于

3、account for 说明(原因等)

4、(be) accused of 控告,谴责

5、acquaint with 熟悉,熟知

6、adapt to (使)适应,适合;改编,改写

7、add to 增添,增加;补充说

8、add up to 合计达,总计

9、adhere to 附着,粘着

10、adjust to (使)适应于,把...调节到

11、agree to (+物)同意,赞成

12、agree with (+人)同意,赞成

13、aim at 瞄准,对准;旨在

14、allow for 考虑到

15、amount to 合计,共计,等于

16、answer for 对...负有责任

17、aplolgize to sb.for sth.为...而向...道歉

18、appeal to 诉诸,求助

19、apply for 申请,请求

20、approve of 赞成,同意;批准,核准

21、arise from 由...引起,由...产生

22、arrive at 到达(小地方);达成,得出

23、arrive in 到达(大地方)

24、ask after 探问,问候

25、ask for 询问,要求

26、assign to 指派,选派

27、associate with 使联系,使联合;交往

28、attach to 系上,贴上;使附属,使依恋

29、attempt at 企图,努力

30、attend to 照顾,护理;专心于

更多大学英语4级备考要点,青藤资讯将及时与您分享,尽请关注!

⑤ 四级英语写作常用句型

开头句式背景句:
1.There is no consensus of opinions among people as to … some people tend to have a favorable attitude toward…While, others have an unpleasant association with…
2. Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus.
近来,_______的问题引起了社会的广泛关注。
3. Recently the issue of (whether …or not) has been in the limelight(成为引人注目的中心) and has aroused wide concern in the public.
近来,是否_______的问题已经非常明确而且引起了社会的广泛关注。
4. Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is ....
随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是____________。
5. Now we are entering a brand new era full of opportunities and innovations, and great changes have taken place in people's attitude towards some traditional practice.
现在我们进入了一个充满机遇和创新的崭新时代,很多人对某些传统的看法也发生了很大改变。
6.______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.
______已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。
7.In no country other than China, it has been said, is the problem of ____more serious.
自己慢慢总结下!

⑥ 英语四级常用的词组有哪些

在英语四级考试中,对词组、短语的搭配一直备受重视,经常在各类题型中涉及。特别是由名词衍生出的一系列搭配方式,灵活多样,是各位考生复习的一个重点。对此,北外网课(北京外国语大学网络课堂)老师也归纳了考试中常用的名词相关搭配,供您参考。

out of doors 在户外

face to face 面对面地

quite a few 不少,相当多

no wonder 难怪,并不奇怪

word for word 逐字地

decline with thanks 婉言谢绝

little by little 逐渐地,一点点地

fair play 公平竞赛,公平对待

quite a little 相当多,不少

no matter 无论

appeal to 呼吁,恳求

attempt at 企图,努力

attitude to/towards 态度,看法

rest room 厕所,盥洗室

primary school 小学

a great/good deal of 大量,非常,极其

influence in 干涉,介入

the moment (that) 一…(就)

trolley bus 电车

I.D. card 身份证

no more 不再

side by side 肩并肩地,一起

heart and soul 全心全意

step by step 逐步地

ahead of time 提前

all the time 一直,始终

interference with 妨碍,打扰

introction to 介绍

fall in love (with sb) 爱上(某人)

reply to 回答,答复

credit card 信用卡

no doubt 无疑地,很可能

next door 隔壁 once upon a time 从前

once in a while 偶尔

⑦ 请发给我一些写四级英语作文常用的句子和短语。

英语写作最TOP80个使用高频词搭配
1. 随着经济的繁荣 with the booming of the economy
2. 随着人民生活水平的显著提高 with the remarkable improvement of people's living standard
3. 先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology
4. 为我们日常生活增添了情趣 add much spice / flavor to our daily life
5. 人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed that…
6. 我同意前者(后者)观点 I give my vote to the former / latter opinion.
7. 引起了广泛的公众关注 Sth. has aroused wide public concern. / Sth has drawn great public attention.
8. 不可否认 It is undeniable that…
9. 热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion / debate
10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue
11. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,
12. 有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons
13. 双方的论点 argument on both sides
14. 发挥日益重要作用 play an increasingly important role in…
15. 对…必不可少 be indispensable to …
16. 正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes:
17. 对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive / negative effects on…
18. 利远远大于弊 The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.
19. 导致,引起 lead to / give rise to / contribute to / result in
20. 复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon
21. 责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility / achievement
22. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation
23. 开阔眼界 widen one's horizon / broaden one's vision
24. 学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills
25. 经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden
26. 考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into consideration
27. 从另一个角度 from another perspective
28. 做出共同努力 make joint efforts
29. 对…有益 be beneficial to / be concive to…
30. 为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society
31. 打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for…
32. 综合素质 comprehensive quality
33. 致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to…
34. 应当承认 Admittedly,
35. 不可推卸的义务 unshakable ty
36. 满足需求 satisfy / meet the needs of...
37. 可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information
38. 宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources
39. 因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写)
40. 方便快捷 convenient and efficient
41. 在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life
42. 环保的材料 environmentally friendly materials
43. 社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress
44. 大大方便了人们的生活 Sth has greatly facilitated people's lives.
45. 对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue
46. 在一定程度上 to some extent
47. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice
48. …必然趋势 an irresistible trend of…
49. 日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly keen social competition
50. 眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest
51. 长远利益 long-tem interest
52. …有其自身的优缺点 … has its own merits and demerits / pros and cons
53. 对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to / be detrimental to
54. 交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas / emotions / information
55. 跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with / keep abreast with the latest development of…
56. …的健康发展 the healthy development of…
57. 重视 attach great importance to…
58. 社会地位 social status
59. 把时间和精力放在…上 focus one's time and energy on…
60. 扩大知识面 expand one's scope of knowledge
61. 身心两方面 both physically and mentally
62. 有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to…
63. 导致很多问题 give rise to / lead to / spell various problems
64. 可以替代think的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion / belief / view that
65. 缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress / burden
66. 优先考虑/发展… give (top) priority to sth.
67. 与…比较 compared with…/ in comparison with
68. 可降解的/可分解的材料 degradable / decomposable material
69. 代替 replace / substitute / take the place of
70. 提供就业机会 offer job opportunities
71. 反映了社会进步的 mirror the social progress/advance
72. 增进相互了解 enhance / promote mutual understanding
73. 充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of
74. 承受更大的工作压力 suffer from heavier work pressure
75. 保障社会稳定和繁荣 guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society
76. 更多地强调 put more emphasis on…
77. 适应社会发展 adapt oneself to the social development
78. 实现梦想 realize one's dream
79. 主要理由列举如下 The main / leading reasons are listed as follows:
80. 我们还有很长的路要走 We still have a long way to go.

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